Volume 13, Issue 169, November 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 169, November 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

The current heat wave on the Highveld makes it difficult to think clearly, even for us who like it warm. We have nevertheless tried to put together an informative newsletter for this month.

It was just this week that I found a report in a local farmers’ magazine on how the rain pattern in our region has been changing since the year 2000, with the onset of the rainy season having shifted by now from early September to early November, i.e., by a full two months. It is still bone dry as I write these lines, with the few drops that have fallen so far having achieved nothing more than dampening the dust a little. While the rainy season now also lasts longer than in earlier years, i.e., till April to May or even June, the total annual yield of rain has decidedly shrunk. Well, I look at this and immediately think of the Horrorclown’s statement that climate change is Chinese propaganda…

What have we got for you in this month’s issue? Disgusting anti-wildlife politics in the US. But then again, why should nature conservation and species restoration receive more positive effort than all the rest in Adolf Horrorclown’s United States of Destruction? This general attitude and the resultant situation is by no means really mitigated by news just in about a court ruling that the state agency entrusted with conserving wildlife, in this case the red wolf, must do its job and look after and protect the 24 red wolves remaining in the wild. FWS will sure find an excuse to let these disappear as well and make landowners happy. Personally, I keep firmly in place my sanctions against everything Made in America wherever possible. See the News International section.

Wolves are ruthless killing machines, right? If you are interested in facts, I urge you to read what Rick Lamplugh has to say about that. As usual, it is quite eye-opening. If you should be turned on more by fake news, I recommend you continue listening to Idahoan hillbilly farmers and US politicians instead and cancel your subscription to SAFHOWL. See the Wolves and Wolfdogs section.

Like every month, we have a short wolf tale, but Erin found it too hot to put something sensible in writing. She will be back next month, she promised.

Considering that it is a mere five weeks to Xmas, and if you still don’t know what present to select for a wolf lover, my book (Ted Ehrhardt: A Houseful Headful of Wolves) is still available as paperback and E-book from Amazon at  http://amazon.com/dp/1521583714 or http://www.amazon.com/dp/B073DPNN7Q or from any other Amazon Online-shop in both English and German.

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs.

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long! The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12. All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.
SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Information & registration HERE.

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the centre home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration.

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone (https://nywolf.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=96aae4d71726eb91ae4d20fec&id=f466f0759e&e=c4f881378d)

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!

News from the Wolf Front

National

From the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary (Frans Badenhorst, wolfrescuesa@gmail.com)

From the Den of Gary and the Steering Committee

Larry has honoured me by asking me to Chair the Steering Committee to help HuskyRomi move towards a vision of sustainability and growth. Larry called a meeting at the Sanctuary on Saturday, 8th of September. This meeting was attended by Derek, Kim, Larry and myself, (my wife Glenda tagged along to take the minutes), as my right hand ‘lady’, she will assist me as we move forward to help make a difference to HuskyRomi.

We discussed many of the future goals and objectives for the sanctuary and found that there was a great common thread winding its golden way through our dreams and wishes for this place the animals call home. In order to achieve any of our goals, we need to increase the monthly income for HuskyRomi and this means more fundraising, more ‘virtual adoptions’ and more donors. We are in the process of rebranding the sanctuary to give us slightly more ‘corporate’ look and feel however the core values will remain forever, as will the name in memory of Romi. As soon as our rebranding is complete, we will be approaching corporates to start signing up. In return for the donation, HuskyRomi will offer promotion of the company and / or their products in any way possible. Should anyone be interested in Corporate Sponsorship for their company, please contact me for more information.

Sadly, as with any organizational changes some people struggle with change and ultimately get lost along the way, organizations like HuskyRomi are no different in this respect and unfortunately some of the donors have decided to move on to other causes. I do hope that in the not too distant future they will all return to the wonderful animals that are resident at the sanctuary and bring more people back with them.

I am sure that we will try our utmost to live up to the ‘Wolfman’s’ confidence in us, but I must stress that our goals will only be achieved through participation of all of you in moving forward and helping HuskyRomi to become the best possible home to all of the animals resident there.

From the sanctuary

There is a lot happening out at HuskyRomi, everything is very positive, it’s like a breath of oxygen has been breathed in, reminds me of when Frans Badenhorst come on board and injected a whole pile of new ideas and took some of the load off me, since then the load got heavier and Frans made some recommendations telling me to step down from running HuskyRomi and to rather implement a good committee so that I could do the things that I enjoy most, working with my animals, we have an amazing committee onboard and I’m the sanctuary manager.

Not that much to tell you but wait until next month, we are starting to build an 8m Rondavel which will be a reception office / shop and can be used for other small events, i.e., as a small wedding chapel.

Check out the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary’s Facebook page for more information here: https://web.facebook.com/huskyromi/?rdc=1&rdr . If you wish to subscribe to HuskyRomi’s monthly newsletter, mail Frans Badenhorst at wolfrescuesa@gmail.com and have yourself added to the mailing list. It’s FREE!

  1. From the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary

HuskyRomi’s Volunteer Programme

Ever dreamt of working hands-on with wolves?
Here is an opportunity of a lifetime!

Phone or mail for all the necessary information and request an application form
Larry Paul – 0027 71 679 5141
E-mail: Larry@HuskyRomi.co.za or Committee@Huskyromi.co.za

Note that this offer is available to volunteers from all over the globe!
Why not combine volunteer work with an exotic holiday?

Our GPS coordinates are:
27.776026, 28.442818 or S 27°46’33,5’’, E 028°26’34,0’’

  1. CALENDAR SNEAK PEAK !

Who do you recognize, who do you think you will find on our glossy pages?
Only one way to find out 😉

Place your order and email us to reserve your copy, but don’t wait too long, orders are coming in
Each calendar costs ZAR 200,00 and you may choose to pick them up from a central point in JNB, (if possible drop-offs can be organized with the company), or you can have it sent to you personally via PostNet2PostNet for ZAR 99,00.
If you have any questions please don’t hesitate to email us at:
Committee@Huskyromi.co.za
Pre-orders can be placed as of now and payment confirms your copy
Payment can be made to the HuskyRomi bank account (Please note, this is the only account that HuskyRomi uses)
Bank details are as follows:
Husky Romi Rescue and Wolf Sanctuary
Reg.Number 067-956-NPO
Acc No. 62296463989
Branch code. 230833
Cheque Acc
To reserve your HuskyRomi calendar please email your details and proof of payment to:
Committee@Huskyromi.co.za
Distribution of calendars will be from 12th November and you will be personally contacted to confirm
Alternatively, you can purchase your calendar when you visit our stall on Mutters Day on November 10th, pop in, say hi and meet our hardworking team!
So, buy a calendar – for you, your mom, your neighbour, your vet, your dogwalker, for Christmas stockings, birthday presents, coffee table showpieces, eyecatchers in your home, for any reason and occasion our calendars are the best!
Your generosity helps us take care of our animals and your continuing support is greatly appreciated.

From South African Friends of Wolves (www.safow.org)

500 x 50 – Calling on all South African Friends of Wolves

Set up a standing order with your bank and donate Rand 50 every month to support the wolves, wolfdogs and huskies at the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary

Banking details:
HuskyRomi Rescue and Wolf Sanctuary
First National Bank
Account: 62296463989
Branch: 230833
Type: Cheque Acc
Ref: Donation / Your name
…and then get one of your friends to do the same.
Remember, it’s tax-deductible, sustainable, no Rand is wasted, …and it really feels good to support a worthy cause!

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: eNews: The Difference We Make Together

Save Alaska’s Wolves & Bears!

The National Park Service has proposed lifting a ban on extreme killing methods on Park Service lands in Alaska. If the ban is removed, wolves, bears and other predators will be vulnerable to appalling and cruel killing methods that most people strongly oppose. Act fast to save wolves and bears, including pups and cubs, from falling prey to these unethical practices! Take action today.

  1. USA: PROTECT OUR WOLVES: Lawmakers need to hear from you today!

We’ve come a long way toward seeing wolves recover in the lower 48. But we’ve got a long way to go. And if the current anti-wildlife Congress gets its way, most wolf recovery could stop dead in its tracks.

This week, Congress will vote on H.R. 6784, the “Manage Our Wolves Act.” This reckless bill would remove federal protections put in place by the Endangered Species Act (ESA) for most gray wolves in the lower 48 states, leaving each state to determine wolf management for themselves.

A few of those states have already decided protecting wolves isn’t worth the effort.

Tell Congress today: don’t abandon ESA protections for wolves: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=lgxokpjvlgr998ISRyZ8Dg

Here’s why we need to defeat this bill while we still can: if H.R. 6784 passes, it will also block judicial review of the decision to delist these wolves. Americans’ hands would be tied in seeking justice as hostile states decide for themselves how to manage wolves.

And in states where they’ve already lost protection, thousands of wolves have been killed.

We already know how gray wolves will fare without ongoing federal protection. States like Wyoming, Montana and Idaho have shown that, left to their own devices, they have no problem indiscriminately killing wolves.

This callous, indifferent approach to wolf management can’t become the norm. We’re counting on you to tell Congress today that wolves deserve our protection!

ACT NOW: TELL CONGRESS “NO” ON H.R. 6784: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=08RlNZWqQJ6zBH576Qu8Qw

We only have this week to act. We can’t abandon wolves to the mercy of hostile states. If we lose this fight, wolves will pay with their lives. We’re counting on wildlife lovers like you to stand with us right now and speak up for wolves while we still can.

It only takes a moment: stop this destructive bill today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=1hvTx1bJ-J9ICtXjQOuv_g

  1. USA: Hope for the Red Wolf?

Today through December, we’ll be sharing uplifting wildlife news stories with you on a weekly basis. As wildlife champions, we need to remember that no matter how bad things seem to be, we still have reasons to hold out hope.

Today I bring you good news that’s only two weeks old: a crucial court victory for the critically endangered red wolf.

Red wolves (Canis lupus rufus) once inhabited forests and mountains across the Southeastern United States, from Pennsylvania to Texas. But generations of extermination campaigns and habitat loss due to human expansion devastated red wolf populations.

In 1980, red wolves were declared extinct in the wild. Hope for the species lay with a small number of captive red wolves. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) launched an all-out effort to rescue these wolves and reintroduce them to the wild.

In 1987, the first captive-bred red wolves were released into North Carolina’s Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge. Wolf populations grew. By 2000, nearly 100 wolves roamed the countryside in and around the refuge.

It was shaping up to be one of the most spectacular wildlife recovery stories in history.

But in recent years, under pressure from landowners and politicians, FWS all but abandoned the program. They proposed reducing the wolves’ recovery area by 90%. And they gave blanket permission for landowners to kill any red wolf that wandered onto their property.

The population plummeted. Now only about 24 red wolves survive in the wild.

In the face of this betrayal of wildlife, Defenders and our allies had to act. We joined our partner organizations and went to court to hold FWS accountable to do its job and resume sincere efforts to promote red wolf recovery.

And it worked. Earlier this month, a federal court ruled in the wolves’ favor and ordered FWS to get back to work, as the Endangered Species Act requires. When we fight and win to protect wildlife protection laws, we save lives. But the fight to restore America’s red wolves will continue.

Your support has been essential to all our efforts, including lawsuits, to protect the wildlife you love. We will continue to fight for red wolves, in court and on the ground. As long as there’s a single mated pair of red wolves in the wild, there’s hope.

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Wolfsschutz Deutschland on Facebook.

Germany: Three federal states want to shoot Wolves – please complain to the EU!

Saxony, Lower Saxony and Brandenburg have submitted an application to the Federal Assembly to allow future wolf shootings, which also includes a change to the Federal Nature Conservation Act. If that is approved it will be a violation of EU law and a first step towards the renewed extirpation of our wolves.

You can find our letter of objection with a detailed explanation and the original application here.

Please complain to EU Commissioner Karmenu Vella by mail to:

cab-karmenu-vella-contact@ec.europa.eu

  1. USA: 2019 Appropriations Bill Does Not (Directly) Target the Mexican Gray Wolf!

As reported on previously, Section 117 of the 2019 Interior and Environment Appropriations Bill would require the USFWS to delist the Gray Wolf nationwide, and included within this rider is Subsection 2, which states:

“Shall not affect the inclusion of the subspecies classified as the Mexican gray wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) of the species gray wolf (Canis lupus) in such list.”

Here is a link to the current text of the bill: https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/house-bill/6147/text

The wording of this section is confusing, and a previous petition update questioned what this language means for the Mexican Gray Wolf – mainly, will it delist the subspecies or not? We finally have an answer from a reliable source: according to the Wolf Conservation Center, that confusing section is basically saying that the Mexican Gray Wolf is exempt from the rider and will not be delisted – thank goodness!

The 2019 Interior and Environment Appropriations Bill was passed by the Senate last month, and negotiations between the House and the Senate are ongoing. Please write to President Trump and tell him to not sign the bill into law until the Gray Wolf delisting rider is removed from it, because while it does not directly target the Mexican Gray Wolf, it will indirectly harm the subspecies! Here is his contact: https://www.whitehouse.gov/contact/

2. USA: Congress Orders Study of Mexican Gray Wolf Taxonomy.

So apparently, when Congress passed the must-pass budget bill back in March, they did add a wolf provision into it – but it wasn’t a delisting rider as we all feared. Rather, it was an order to determine whether the Mexican Gray Wolf is a taxonomically valid subspecies or not.

In compliance with the order, the USFWS hired the The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to conduct the taxonomic study, which began last month and continues until March 2019. You can learn more about the study and keep updated on its meetings with the provided link.

Now in of itself, a scientific review of Mexican Gray Wolf taxonomy is not a bad thing – science works by constantly reviewing and revising its theories as new data comes in, and taxonomy is no exception to this rule. But there are two things about this order to review Mexican Gray Wolf taxonomy that seem a little suspicious:

  1. The order limits this taxonomic study to the two most endangered wolves in North America: the Mexican Gray Wolf and the Red Wolf (Canis rufus); it does not include all North American wolves, despite the fact that other Gray Wolf subspecies are in great need of taxonomic review.
  2. The status of the Mexican Gray Wolf as being genetically distinct from other Gray Wolves (regardless of whether it is called a subspecies or an ecotype) is more or less scientifically unquestioned, and the anti-wolf belief that the Mexican Gray Wolf is a wolf-dog hybrid has been disproven with genetic research.

So what do you think? Is this order to study Mexican Gray Wolf taxonomy the result of genuine scientific interest, or is Congress just making a political attempt to delist the Mexican Gray Wolf?

In any case, we must keep an eye on this to make sure that politics does not intervene with the scientists’ research. And if Congress tries to use/twist the study to strip the Mexican Gray Wolf of its ESA protections, then we must stop them!

  1. Proposed Amendment to “Manage Our Wolves Act” will Delist Mexican Gray Wolves!

Arizona Representative Andy Biggs has proposed an amendment to the “Manage Our Wolves Act” that will delist the Mexican Gray Wolf (the bill currently excludes the subspecies from the nationwide Gray Wolf delisting).

Here is a link to the text of the amendment: https://amendments-rules.house.gov/amendments/BIGGS_136_xml111318163707377.pdf

The House of Representatives is going to hold a vote on the “Manage Our Wolves Act” this Friday! If you live in the USA, then please write to your Congressmen/Congresswomen & tell them to both reject Bigg’s anti-lobo amendment and to vote NO on this dangerous anti-wolf bill! The fate of the Mexican Gray Wolf depends on it!

From the California Wolf Center (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com on behalf of; erin@californiawolfcenter.org [californiawolfcenter] [californiawolfcenter-noreply@yahoogroups.com)

MEXICAN WOLF UPDATE September 1-30, 2018

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico. Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at

www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf. For information on the FAIR call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit www.wmatoutdoors.org

Past updates may be viewed on these websites. Interested parties may sign upto receive this update electronically by visiting www.azgfd.com and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose. The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AZGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: the Alpine wolf office at (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office at (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 388-4385 ext. 226. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AZGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

On September 5, the USFWS hosted an Executive Committee meeting in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Representatives from the Lead Agencies and Cooperating Entities attended, as well as representatives from the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish (NMDGF). The Executive Committee meets at least twice a year to discuss actions and resources necessary for the recovery and management of Mexican wolves.

On September 27 and 28, representatives from the AZGFD, NMDGF, and USFWS met with government officials from Mexico’s National Commission of Natural Protected Areas (CONANP by its Spanish acronym) and with Mexican biologists to discuss Mexican wolf recovery in the United States and Mexico.

Numbering System: Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history. Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) are used to indicate wolves younger than 24 months. A lower case letter “p” preceding the number is used to indicate a wolf pup born in the most recent spring. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory. In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. Studbook numbers listed in the monthly update denote wolves with functioning radio collars. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

The year-end minimum population count for 2017 was 114 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico. Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year. Counting the population at the end of each year allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups. At the end of September, there were 75 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared M1338 and f1683)

In September, the IFT documented the Bear Wallow Pack in their territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF) and occasionally on the SCAR and the FAIR. Yearling f1683, M1676, and AM1338 were documented travelling separately. Subadult male 1676 made dispersal movements across the central and western portion of the ASNF and on the Coconino National Forest, and was located dead in September. The incident is under investigation.

Bluestem Pack (collared f1686)

In September, the IFT documented the Bluestem Pack in the pack’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. Yearling f1686 made dispersal movements from the pack’s territory this month within the eastern portion of the ASNF.

Eagle Creek Pack (collared M1477)

In September, M1477 continued to be documented travelling with an uncollared wolf. The pair has been holding a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, f1668, m1671, and fp1697)

In September, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF. A female pup, fp1697, was captured, collared, and released in September.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, m1677, m1681, and mp1789)

In September, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF. A male pup, mp1789, was captured, collared and released in September.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AM1382)

Panther Creek AM1382 was not located during the month of September.

Pine Spring Pack (collared AM1394, AF1562, and fp1794)

In September, the Pine Spring Pack was located within their territory in the north central portion of the ASNF. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for this pack to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict. A female pup, fp1794, was captured, collared and released in September.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared AM1471, AF1488, mp1790, and fp1791)

In September, the IFT documented the Prime Canyon Pack within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for this pack in a proactive attempt to reduce the potential for human-wildlife interactions near residences. Two pups, mp1790 and fp1791, were captured, collared, and released in September.

Saffel Pack (collared AM1441, AF1567, m1661, m1680, and fp1792)

In September, the Saffel Pack was located in their territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF. Two pups, fp1792 and mp1793, were captured, collared, and released in September. Later in the month, mp1793 was found dead. This incident is under investigation. The IFT initiated a diversionary food cache for the Saffel pack in an effort to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Sierra Blanca Pack (collared M1571 and F1550)

In September, the Sierra Blanca Pack was located in their territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Single collared F1489

In September, the IFT documented F1489 travelling in the north and east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared M1574

In September, the IFT documented M1574 travelling in the east central portion of the ASNF, the SCAR, and the eastern portion of the FAIR.

ON THE FAIR:

Baldy Pack (collared AM1347 and F1560)

In September, the Baldy Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR and the north central portion of the ASNF.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In September, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AF1283 and f1674)

In September, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory in the eastern portion the FAIR.

Tu dil hil Pack (collared M1559 and F1679)

In September, the Tu dil hil Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Copper Creek Pack

During September, the Copper Creek Pack was located via a remote camera travelling in the western portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF). Currently, there are no functioning collars in this pack. Single M1673 was documented travelling with F1444 in September.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared AM1354 and AF1456)

During September, the Dark Canyon Pack was documented travelling together within their traditional territory, in the west central portion of the GNF. The Dark Canyon Pack continued to exhibit behaviour and movements consistent with rearing pups during September.

Datil Mountain Pack (collared M1453 and F1685)

During September, the Datil Mountain Pack continued to travel in the western portion of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Frieborn Pack (collared AM1447, AF1443, and fp1702)

During September, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in New Mexico and Arizona. The IFT maintained a food cache near the den to support cross-fostered pups and to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflict. A female pup, fp1702, was captured, collared, and released in September.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038 and F1473)

During September, F1437 returned to the Hawks Nest territory in the north central portion of the GNF. AM1038 was not located in September. The IFT is trying to document if this pair is still travelling together.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, M1555, M1556, f1670, fp1721, and m1821)

During September, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF. The Iron Creek Pack continued to exhibit behaviour and movements consistent with rearing pups during September. Wolves fp1721, m1821, and M1556 were captured, collared, and released in September.

Lava Pack (collared AM1285 and AF1405)

During September, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south-eastern portion of the GNF.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293 and AF1346)

During September, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158, AF1487, and f1684)

During September, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for the Luna Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, f1664, and f1705)

During September, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north-western portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for the Mangas Pack to reduce potential for conflict with livestock. The Mangas Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with rearing pups within their traditional territory during September.

Prieto Pack (collared AM1398, AF1251, F1565, m1669, and m1678)

During September, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for the Prieto Pack and implemented continuous hazing efforts to reduce potential for conflict with livestock. The Prieto Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with rearing pups within their traditional territory during September.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and f1578)

During September, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT discontinued the diversionary food cache for the San Mateo Pack. The breeding female (AF1399) was captured, re-collared, and released in September.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AF1553)

During September, AF1553 continued to use the traditional territory of the SBP pack in the north central portion of the GNF. During September, M1561 was located dead in New Mexico. This incident is under investigation.

Squirrel Springs Pack (collared F1788)

During September, the Squirrel Springs pack continued to travel in the north central portion of the GNF.

Single collared M1486

During September, M1486 travelled throughout the northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared M1673

During September, M1673 was located via a remote camera travelling in the western portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF) with F1444 in August. The IFT continued monitoring efforts to determine if M1673 has joined the Copper Creek Pack.

MORTALITIES

During the month of September, M1676 of the Bear Wallow Pack and mp1793 of the Saffel Pack were located dead in Arizona. Male 1561 of the SBP Pack was located dead in New Mexico during September. The incidents are all under investigation.

From January 1, 2018 to September 30, 2018 there have been a total of 11 documented wolf mortalities.

INCIDENTS

During the month of September, there were four confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock. There was one nuisance incident in September. From January 1, 2018 to September 30, 2018 there have been a total of 58 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in New Mexico and 26 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in Arizona.

On September 6, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow and calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation concluded the cow and calf were a confirmed wolf kill.

On September 8, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation concluded the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On September 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation concluded the cause of death was unknown.

On September 14, the IFT took a nuisance report involving wolves on the ASNF near Lee Valley Reservoir. The reporting party told the IFT he had four bird dogs running 200 to 300 yards away from him when he observed a pack of eight wolves moving toward his dogs. The dog handler called his dogs back to his location and the wolves followed the dogs to within 20 yards of the dog handler and his truck. The dog handler stated the wolves’ attention was focused on the dogs and indicated the wolves appeared startled when they saw him and his wife at which point the wolves retreated to a distance of 50 to 60 yards. The dog handler stated the wolves remained barking and howling for approximately 10 minutes. The dog handler stated he did not make any efforts to haze or scare the wolves away during this time. There was no physical interaction between the dogs and the wolves.

The IFT investigated the incident and determined the Saffel Pack had GPS collar locations in the area of the incident on September 14. It is not uncommon for wolves to interact with dogs even when people are present. Wolves will often exhibit aggressive behaviour toward dogs when young pups are present with the pack, as was the case with the Saffel Pack in this incident. Yelling at, throwing sticks and rocks in the direction of wolves and scaring wolves away from an area are all allowable forms of opportunistic harassment (under the Final 10(j) Rule), provided that the wolves are not purposefully sought out to harass. The IFT encourages members of the public to report all interactions when wolves display unacceptable behaviour using the contact information provided at the beginning of this document. Any person may take (which includes killing as well as nonlethal actions such as harassing or harming) a Mexican wolf in self-defence or defence of the lives of others. Any form of take must be reported within 24 hours to the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program, USFWS by telephone 505-346-2525; or fax 505-346-2542.

On September 19, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation concluded the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On September 28, WMAT investigated a dead cow on the FAIR. The investigation concluded the cow died from unknown causes.

On September 29, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation concluded the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On September 29, Wildlife Services investigated a second dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation concluded the calf was killed by coyotes.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On September 26, USFWS participated in a panel discussion at the Association of Zoos and Aquariums’ Annual Conference in Seattle, Washington. The discussion was entitled “Keys to Successful Reintroduction – Beyond the Biology.”

 

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail10.atl261.mcdlv.net) on behalf of; Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Public Overwhelmingly Opposes Feds’ Plan to Nearly Wipe Out Wild Red Wolves in North Carolina

Public Comments Show Overwhelming Support for Red Wolf Recovery

99.9% of Submitted Comments Support Red Wolf Conservation

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s proposal to remove protections from the nation’s only wild population of endangered red wolves has been met with near unanimous opposition from the public.

In June, USFWS solicited public comments on its proposal and out of 108,124 comments submitted, 107,988 comments (99.9 %) favoured the need for strong federal protections for red wolves.

“Americans overwhelmingly support the Red Wolf Recovery Program,” said Maggie Howell, Executive Director of the Wolf Conservation Center. “We’re counting on the Service to take notice and follow the best available science to ensure that the world’s most endangered wolves remain a living, breathing part of the landscape in eastern North Carolina.”

USFWS’s proposal to reduce the red wolf recovery area by nearly 90%, limit the population to just 10-15 wolves, and allow landowners to kill wolves who stray beyond the newly-designated recovery area is a recipe for extinction.

USFWS’s decision is slated to be finalized by Nov. 30.

Volunteers from the Wolf Conservation Center, Wildlands Network, the Center for Biological Diversity, Defenders of Wildlife, and the Animal Welfare Institute each reviewed thousands of comments submitted to produce this analysis.

More about the analysis here.

2. House Bill Seeks to Remove Federal Protections For Gray Wolves Nationwide 

If passed into law, wolves will die at the hands of trophy hunters.
The U.S. House this week is expected to vote on a controversial bill that would legislatively remove federal Endangered Species Act protections for all gray wolves in the lower 48 states except the critically endangered Mexican gray wolf.
In addition to stripping protections for most gray wolves from the federal endangered species list, H.R. 6784, the so-called “Manage our Wolves Act” from Rep. Sean Duffy (R-Wis.), prohibits its judicial review thus preventing any legal challenge.
Science, not Congress, should be the decision maker when it comes to endangered and threatened species. Please urge your representative to stand up for wolves, the Endangered Species Act, and the rule of law by opposing H.R. 6784.

Take action now.

Other News

National

Nothing to report

Next Door

Nothing to report

International

Nothing to report

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Fact Check: Are Wolves Ruthless Killing Machines?

By Rick Lamplugh

A common criticism by those who dislike wolves is that wolves are ruthless killing machines compelled by instinct to take whatever prey crosses their path. To check the reality of this, I dove into the writings of several well-respected wolf experts. It turns out that wolves are discriminating hunters; they have to be since they are not well equipped for hunting big prey. Wolves choose “weaker and naive animals and have their greatest success” with elk calves and older elk, writes Jim Halfpenny, an eminent naturalist and author of Yellowstone Wolves in the Wild.

But getting dinner is not easy—can even be deadly—and most hunts are unsuccessful. Yellowstone wolves, for example, only succeed 21% of the time, according to David Mech and Rolf Peterson, renowned wolf biologists writing in the book Wolves Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation. “In no case, can a wolf merely walk up and kill a healthy ungulate that is more than a few days old.”

In Yellowstone the average female elk killed by wolves is about 14 years old, writes Halfpenny. By that age the elk’s teeth are worn down and less effective. This means the animal does not get proper nourishment and is weaker and more vulnerable to attack.

How do the wolves find a vulnerable animal? “Wolves stalk just like a house cat does,” writes Halfpenny. Wolves want to get as close as possible to an elk herd before starting a chase. Once the chase begins, the wolves sort and sift the herd trying to find a weak animal, one less likely to harm them. Wolves are risk averse and by chasing a herd, may detect a male that has been weakened by defending his females during the rut. Or they may separate a calf from the protection of the herd. Or they may find an animal that is diseased, has been injured, or was born with an abnormality.

But wolves also attack healthy animals, even big male elk with dangerous hooves and antlers. Wolves have a tactic that can turn that healthy elk into a vulnerable one: They attack the elk and before the animal can drive them off, they bite it as many times as possible. Those wounds cause blood loss. “Wounded animals,” writes Halfpenny, “seldom travel far, and wounded animals stiffen up, especially during long cold nights. A previously unbeatable foe may now be an easy target.”

Whether the prey is healthy or vulnerable, wolves are not well equipped for bringing down big animals. A wolf’s skeleton is not built for killing, write Dan MacNulty, Dan Stahler, and Doug Smith in Yellowstone Science. A wolf’s skull is not designed to deliver a killing bite. A wolf’s front-most teeth are all it has for grabbing prey and those teeth wear out with age. A wolf’s jaw cannot be locked when biting prey. A wolf—unlike a cougar and grizzly bear—doesn’t have the right kind of claws and forelimbs for gripping prey. Finally, a wolf’s hunting ability decreases with age; the best hunters are two to three years old. (The average Yellowstone wolf lives to be four or five. Outside the park the average life span is two to three years.)

To reduce risks and overcome their shortcomings, wolves hunt in packs. Packs with four wolves are more successful than packs with fewer wolves when hunting elk. To take down a bison, a pack needs three times that many members.

Wolves are far from being ruthless killing machines. Wolves know they can die trying to dine, so they look for prey that is less dangerous. But even when they find such prey, wolves fail far more often than they succeed.

Rick’s award-winning Deep into Yellowstone and best-selling In the Temple of Wolves are available signed or unsigned on Amazon.

Rick’s new book, The Wilds of Agingis available signed or on Amazon.

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 155

Element Pack

by Taren a Werewolf Mage.

Her black fur gleamed in the dim moonlight, and her vermillion eyes produced a light of their own.

“I am wolf of Shadow.”

She sang to the stars. The howl carried down wind, and over miles of mountain terrain. Far away the pack heard her. The ivory alpha male uplifted his great, shaggy head. His title ringing back to her,

“I am wolf of Ice.”

The black wolves hackles raised, and a snarl escaped her throat. She would not return to them. Miles away, the alpha hung his head. Sorry for his loss. A lesser wolf tried to persuade the shadow wolf. His golden fur gleaming.

“I am wolf of Light. Will you not return?”

The shadow wolf spat,

“Never again shall you see me.”

She hated Light wolf, her elemental enemy. The packs omega tried, silver fur sparkling.

“I am wolf of Wind. Please come to us!”

The she-wolf snapped,

“Coward Wind wolf! I should never return for your sake! For one wolf’s sake alone will I come.”

The pack stood puzzled for a moment, confused of what she meant. They had tried Ice wolf, who was bravest. Used Light wolf, who was strongest. And even Wind wolf, the most attractive. They were desperate for their lifelong companion. Brown Earth wolf called to no avail, and jet blue Wave wolf sang loudly. But no Shadow wolf appeared. Tan Poison wolf screamed his highest, and only received insults.

“Who.” pleaded Ice wolf, “can bring our female back?”

Then shy, silent, humble reddish Flame wolf meekly slunk forward,

“I’ll try.”

He howled long and loud, his deep soothing voice a joy to behold. He stopped and sighed, a silence falling over the ridge. And then loud as thunder, clear as crystal Shadow wolf replied,

“I am coming, wait for me Flame wolf.”

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

Nothing to report this month

Will be continued…

 

 

Volume 13, Issue 168, October 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 168, October 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

Less than ten weeks to go to another festive (crazy) season. Can you believe it? What happened to 2018?

This month’s news section is again dominated by the human threat to wolves. Curious that the US state of Washington’s plans to abandon the death penalty for criminal humans coincide with a drive to implement the death penalty for wolves whose only crime it is to exist and live according to their nature.

The same section this time includes an account of a hunter facing off with a pack of wolves (under California Wolf Center’s Mexican Wolf Update), which is rather interesting.

Our Wolves and Wolfdogs section features a personal experience with an anti-tick remedy that may have severe consequences if a canine contracts tickbite fever nevertheless and needs veterinary treatment. The animal concerned (barely) survived all right, but it could just as well have turned out differently. We particularly value contributions like this one, as they help greatly with spreading the word about vital details very few non-vets are aware of!

We have a poetic wolf tale, as usual, and I was surprised to find that it in part uses elements my book is all about, entirely independent from it and not at all influenced by it. The author very probably doesn’t even know my book exists.

Erin reports on our most memorable meeting with one of the very rare people who really do support wolf welfare physically. In this conjunction, I would like to urge you to take note of the small ad for a wolf care volunteer programme in SA under News: National, especially if you are situated outside of South Africa.

500 x 50 – We continue to talk about this initiative to just about anybody who will listen and continue to get the same response: it is a brilliant idea to sustainably support a really worthwhile cause. See our note under News: National and check whether R 50 would really harm your budget more than it would make you feel good about donating them every month anew. And if you are still doubtful about the beneficiaries, meet them face to face and those who care for them in Reitz, maybe when you go on holiday this coming holiday season.

Till next month,

Ed.

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:

Wolves in a Changing World

October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.

Register now

Location & Lodging:

Minneapolis Marriott Northwest

7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428

Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more  here

 

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs here

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

 

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long! The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12. All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.
SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Information & registration HERE

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the centre home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration here

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone here

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!

 

News from the Wolf Front

National

From the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary (Frans Badenhorst, wolfrescuesa@gmail.com)

Extracts from the HuskyRomi Newsletter September 2018

From the Sanctuary

What a month this has been. So much has happened, so many changes and new happenings. Frans contacted me regarding a meeting that we were going to have regarding the NPO steering committee for HuskyRomi. Frans as per usual made some very sound suggestions regarding the structure of the committee, notably that I was no longer to be the chairperson of HuskyRomi, I would continue as the Sanctuary Manager. He felt that I wasn’t being able to do what I really like doing and that is looking after my animals and as per usual he was right.

The new committee can be looked up in our latest September newsletter.

HuskyRomi has grown so much that the committee had to grow and with the growth we have our first R10 000.00 a month sponsor. Paragmed has also committed a substantial amount of money towards the marketing of HuskyRomi. Glenda and Gary, on behalf of all the voiceless ones out here I would like to thank you from the bottom of our hearts.

Yes, we are looking for a secretary, someone who is based in Gauteng as meetings will take place in Jo’burg. Kim Dijkman will be setting up a HuskyRomi office in Holland, looking for donors, volunteers to come and volunteer (read volunteering on our Facebook page [or farther down here]) at the sanctuary.

FORRAY 65: Please read a very interesting article about Forray 65, a vet product to kill Redwater (Babesiosis) and tick-borne Gallsickness (Anaplasmosis) organisms in cattle, but also in canines and equine Babesiosis, based on Larry’s experience farther down in the column Wolves and Wolfdogs.

Frans’ Ramblings

Well, it seems like winter has come and gone and in contrary to what I predicted earlier this year looking at the extremely thick coats the wolves were growing, we never even had frost here. At the moment of course, it is time for them to get rid of the excess fur again and that is quite a hairy disaster as anybody with a moulting dog in the house can tell you. Now imagine two moulting long haired wolves!

Talking about moulting, I have learned something today that is quite possibly just another piece of useless, but nonetheless interesting, information at Wikipedia regarding the definition of moulting in dogs. Please read this in our latest September newsletter.

Unfortunately it does not work like that with the balding pattern my head is following!

That is all I’m going to bore you with this month. Please take care and remember to send Larry articles and snippets for inclusion in the newsletter.

Throw your heads back and keep howling.

Frans.

News from the Shire

A huge thank you to each and everyone who supported the Medieval Fayre and the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary stall in particular. An amount of R 2 000+ was raised during the day.

The next upcoming event will be Mutters Dog Day. Thank you to the event organizers, Alter Ego’s, for choosing HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary as one of the charities of the day. Have a look at the Mutters Dog Day FB page for further details. An amount of each entrance ticket sold will be divided between the charities.

https://www.facebook.com/events/569317123483390/

This most likely will be the last news from the Shire. It is with a heavy heart that I say good bye to a very important part of my life for the past 7 years.

The sanctuary and animals were there for me in bad and good times. This past year especially was one of the most difficult ones that I had to face. Personally, financially and emotionally and the roller coaster and uncertainties continue. My involvement and love for the animals and the sanctuary have kept me busy and sane. Through it all I have realized once again that you will only get true loyalty from animals.

I just want to wish the new committee all the best.

But I will keep my commitments to stall events already in place.

If you have an idea how to raise some extra money or if you want to run a fundraiser event please contact Larry to discuss it further.

Please remember to swipe your My School card!

I leave a big part of my soul behind at the sanctuary and I love each and every animal there unconditionally, even though I couldn’t visit as much this past two years. Thank you also for the true friends that I made during the years!

Please keep on supporting the sanctuary and I only wish bigger and better things for the growth and living conditions of all the animals.

Till we meet again!

That’s all from me.

Nolia

Check out the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary’s Facebook page for more information here: https://web.facebook.com/huskyromi/?rdc=1&rdr . If you wish to subscribe to HuskyRomi’s monthly newsletter, mail Frans Badenhorst at wolfrescuesa@gmail.com and have yourself added to the mailing list. It’s FREE!

 

  1. From the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary

HuskyRomi’s Volunteer Programme

Ever dreamt of working hands-on with wolves?

Here is an opportunity of a lifetime!

Phone or mail for all the necessary information and request an application form

Larry Paul – 0027 71 679 5141

E-mail: Larry@HuskyRomi.co.za or Committee@Huskyromi.co.za

Note that this offer is available to volunteers from all over the globe!

Why not combine volunteer work with an exotic holiday?

Our GPS coordinates are:

27.776026, 28.442818 or S 27°46’33,5’’, E 028°26’34,0’’

 

From South African Friends of Wolves (www.safow.org)

500 x 50 – Calling on all South African Friends of Wolves

Set up a standing order with your bank and donate Rand 50 every month to support the wolves, wolfdogs and huskies at the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary

Banking details:

HuskyRomi Rescue and Wolf Sanctuary

First National Bank

Account: 62296463989

Branch: 230833

Type: Cheque Acc

Ref: Donation / Your name

…and then get one of your friends to do the same.

Remember, it’s tax-deductible, sustainable, no Rand is wasted, …and it really feels good to support a worthy cause!

 

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: Help us fight for Washington wolves!

Washington State has signed death warrants for two young wolves from a pack so new it doesn’t even have a name.

The tragic irony is that these killings will do little if anything for the livestock the state officials is trying to protect, as a growing body of research shows that lethal methods are often ineffective, counterproductive and create more problems.

These wolves don’t have to die.

Donate $10 or more and your urgent gift will help us fight for the lives of these wolves and other wildlife and help Defenders promote proven nonlethal strategies here

The decision to execute these animals comes in the wake of a handful of attacks by wolves on livestock in eastern Washington State on national forest public lands, near the Idaho border.

Elke, this ‘kill first, ask questions later’ approach is not only senseless, it’s also ineffective. This specific area of eastern Washington has been the site of repeated wolf-livestock conflicts, and instead of requiring ranchers to adapt their practices to implement more effective conflict deterrent methods, WDFW is allowing wolves to be killed off.

Please make a donation of $10 or more here

Thanks to your past support, Defenders is on the ground in wolf country every day. Defenders of Wildlife has extensive experience in promoting and implementing effective nonlethal methods to reduce conflicts between wolves and livestock throughout the country.

We have pioneered creative and effective strategies to allow humans, predators and other wildlife to share the landscape. Because if we’re not coexisting with wolves, we’re condemning wolves.

With your continued support of $10 or more, we’ll continue to educate landowners and state officials that peaceful coexistence is possible: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=HzvO3H2l_b3q2MU39xK8IQ

It’s the best hope for continued wolf recovery.

Thank you for all you do.

  1. USA: A nation abandoning wolves?

With one bill, Congress could unleash the widespread killing of northern Grey wolves across the country.

Members of Congress have introduced a bill that would leave most gray wolves at the mercy of the states. And you and I have seen where that can lead: Dead wolves.

This bill has already advanced in Congress – but we are coming out strong to stop this deadly legislation from going any further.

Won’t you help? Your emergency gift will help save wolves and other imperiled species: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=SN_s0HTcwk8V6zfNTtFiqg

This hateful bill, H.R. 6784, is called the “Manage Our Wolves Act.” A more accurate title would be the “Open Season on Wolves Act,” because it takes a brutal approach to ‘managing’ wolves by:

  • Stripping wolves of all protection under the Endangered Species Act (ESA);
  • Turning most wolf ‘management’ over to the states; and
  • Eliminating the right to go to court to fight for the wolves you and I love.

What does ‘state wolf management’ mean?

In Wyoming, Montana and Idaho, thousands of wolves have been killed since losing ESA protection. And we’ve seen some of Yellowstone National Park’s most iconic and beloved wolves shot and killed just across the park border.

And don’t forget Alaska, where not even a denning mother and her pups are safe.

We’ve come a long way toward seeing wolves recover in the lower 48. But we’ve got a long way to go. If this bill passes, wolf recovery could stop dead in its tracks.

With all of the other attacks underway, including efforts to gut the ESA, anti-wildlife forces think they have the upper hand. But they don’t. Not if wildlife lovers like you refuse to surrender to the assault.

I’m counting on you today!

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Wolfsschutz Deutschland on Facebook here

  1. Germany: More Shootings of Wolves planned in Görlitz County! Please help!

The next wolf is in the crosshairs of the county administration in Görlitz county in Saxony. After Pumpak, whose killing could be prevented but who has been missing since, and Zottel who could have been treated with two available types of medication, a new firing order is about to be issued on another wolf. According to our research, it is again anything but legal.

You can read all the facts here

 

From Change.org (Jan Olsson via Change.org (change@e.change.org)

  1. The fight for the Survival of Wolves! Pleading for Wolves!

Illegal and “legal” shootings of wolves have happened and do happen these days in Lower Saxony, Saxony, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Brandenburg.

Municipal, city, county, provincial and federal politicians still call vehemently for the death of the Goldenstedt she-wolf and others. Regional as well as national media are still involved in spreading assumptions and allegations cloaked as unsubstantiated facts in a drive to disseminate diffuse and unfounded fears about wolves. These biased reports are intended to rally support for the shooting of the Goldenstedt she-wolf, her partner, her offspring, and other wolves!

At least one wolf of every pack in Saxony is to be fitted with a transmitter. Presently there are 20 officially confirmed packs in Lower Saxony, which means at least 20 wolves. The only two wolves with transmitters in Lower Saxony were MT6 (Kurti) and his sister FT10, and they and their cubs are dead. That must not happen again!

Please, help prevent the deaths of more wolves by supporting our petition and the W-I-S-Z-V. Appeal to the political representatives of the parties and media in your region and report to them and the public the true behaviour of wolves. Show to all others responsible and representatives of organisations and public authorities that you are FOR the wolf and that you will not tolerate more killed wolves!

Everyone can make a difference! Everyone plays a big part in the protection of wolves. Our wolves need your help! Keep supporting the W-I-S-Z-V; each donation no matter how small goes directly to the protection of the Goldenstedt she-wolf and others. The W-I-S-Z-V published in their latest news of 5 October 2018 a “Pleading for the Wolves” that illustrates the situation of our wolves in detail. You can also find there all important information about the topic Wolf and what it means to lobbing for the wolves every day.

Account details:

Wolf-Informations-und Schutz-Zentrum-Vechta e.V. (W-I-S-Z-V)

Commerzbank Vechta
IBAN DE74 2804 2865 0630 0719 00
BIC COBADEFFXXX

You find more information at: https://www.w-i-s-z-v.de/

 

From News by the California Wolf Center (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com on behalf of; erin@californiawolfcenter.org [californiawolfcenter] [californiawolfcenter-noreply@yahoogroups.com)

MEXICAN WOLF UPDATE August 1-31, 2018

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico. Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at

www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf . For information on the FAIR call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit www.wmatoutdoors.org

Past updates may be viewed on these websites. Interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically by visiting www.azgfd.com and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose. The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AZGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH .

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: the Alpine wolf office at (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office at (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 388-4385 ext. 226. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

Brady McGee has been selected for the USFWS Mexican Wolf Recovery Coordinator position. Brady will start in his new position October 1st. For the last four years, Brady has served as the USFWS Southwest Region’s Chief for the Branch of Recovery and Restoration. Overall, he has worked in the Southwest Region since 2001 and has extensive experience with the Endangered Species Act, Mexican wolves and the challenges of wolf recovery in the Southwest. Brady has a Masters in Wildlife Biology from Texas State University and a Doctorate degree in Wildlife Science from Texas Tech University.

Numbering System: Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history. Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) are used to indicate wolves younger than 24 months. A lower case letter “p” preceding the number is used to indicate a wolf pup born in the most recent spring. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory. In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. Studbook numbers listed in the monthly update denote wolves with functioning radio collars. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

The year-end minimum population count for 2017 was 114 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico. Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year. Counting the population at the end of each year allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups. At the end of August, there were 70 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, M1676, and f1683)

In August, the IFT documented the Bear Wallow Pack in their territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF) and occasionally on the SCAR. Yearling f1683, M1676, and AM1338 were documented travelling separately. Subadult male 1676 made dispersal movements across the central and western portion of the ASNF and on the Coconino National Forest.

Bluestem Pack (collared f1686)

In August, the IFT documented the Bluestem Pack in the pack’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. Yearling f1686 made dispersal movements from the pack’s territory this month within the eastern portion of the ASNF.

Eagle Creek Pack (collared M1477)

In August, M1477 continued to be documented travelling with an uncollared wolf. The pair has been holding a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, f1668, and m1671)

In August, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF. The IFT discontinued a supplemental food cache that had been established for the pack as part of the cross-foster effort in April. The pack displayed localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of August.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, m1666, m1677, and m1681)

In August, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF. The IFT discontinued a diversionary food cache that had been established for the pack in May. The pack displayed localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of August. The IFT documented a minimum of three pups in the Hoodoo Pack this month.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AM1382)

In August, the IFT documented AM1382 travelling alone and making dispersal movements throughout the north central portion of the ASNF.

Pine Spring Pack (collared AM1394 and AF1562)

In August, the Pine Spring Pack was located within their territory in the north central portion of the ASNF. The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache for this pack to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict. The pack displayed localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of August.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared AM1471 and AF1488)

In August, the IFT documented the Prime Canyon Pack within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. AM1471 and AF1488 exhibited behaviour and movements consistent with pup rearing. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for this pack in a proactive attempt to reduce the potential for human-wildlife interactions near residences.

Saffel Pack (collared AM1441, AF1567, m1661, and m1680)

In August, the Saffel Pack was located in their territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF. The pack displayed localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of August. The IFT documented a minimum of five pups in the Saffel Pack this month.

Sierra Blanca Pack (collared M1571 and F1550)

In August, the Sierra Blanca Pack was located in their territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Single collared F1489

In August, the IFT documented F1489 travelling in the north and east central portion of the ASNF and in the eastern portion of the FAIR.

Single collared M1574

In August, the IFT documented M1574 travelling in the east central portion of the ASNF, the SCAR, and the eastern portion of the FAIR.

ON THE FAIR:

Baldy Pack (collared AM1347, F1560, and m1672)

In August, the Baldy Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR and the north central portion of the ASNF.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In August, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343, AF1283, and f1674)

In August, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory in the eastern portion the FAIR.

Tu dil hil Pack (collared M1559 and F1679)

In August, the Tu dil hil Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Copper Creek Pack

During August, the Copper Creek Pack was located via a remote camera travelling in the western portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF). Currently there are no functioning collars in this pack. Single M1673 was documented travelling with F1444 in August. The IFT is monitoring this to determine if M1673 has joined this pack.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared AM1354 and AF1456)

During August, the Dark Canyon Pack was documented travelling together within their traditional territory, in the west central portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF). The Dark Canyon Pack continued to exhibit behaviour and movements consistent with rearing pups during August.

Datil Mountain Pack (collared M1453 and F1685)

During August, the Datil Mountain Pack continued to travel in the western portion of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Frieborn Pack (collared AM1447 and AF1443)

In August, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in New Mexico and Arizona. The IFT maintained a food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort and to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflict. The Frieborn Pack continued to exhibit behaviour and movements consistent with rearing pups during August.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038 and F1473)

During August, the Hawks Nest Pack continued to travel separately. AM1038 continued to travel in the north central portion of the GNF, while F1437 was consistently located with its natal pack (Elk Horn) in Arizona.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During August, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF. The Iron Creek Pack continued to exhibit behaviour and movements consistent with rearing pups during August.

Lava Pack (collared AM1285 and AF1405)

During August, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south-eastern portion of the GNF. The Lava Pack continued to exhibit behaviour and movements consistent with rearing pups during August.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293 and AF1346)

During August, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158, AF1487, and fp1684)

During August, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The Luna Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with rearing pups during August.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, f1664 and f1705)

During August, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north-western portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for the Mangas Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict. The Mangas Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with rearing pups within their traditional territory during August.

Prieto Pack (collared AM1398, AF1251, F1565, m1669, and m1678)

During August, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for the Prieto Pack and implemented continuous hazing efforts to reduce potential for livestock conflict. The Prieto Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with rearing pups within their traditional territory during August.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and f1578)

During August, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for the San Mateo Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict. The San Mateo Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with rearing pups during August.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AF1553 and M1561)

During August AF1553, of the SBP Pack and single M1561 continued to use the traditional territory of the SBP pack in the north central portion of the GNF. The wolves continued to exhibit behaviour consistent with rearing pups.

Squirrel Springs Pack (collared F1788)

In August the Squirrel Springs pack continued to travel in the north central portion of the GNF.

Single collared M1486

During August, M1486 travelled throughout the northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared M1673

During August, M1673 was located via a remote camera travelling in the western portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF) with F1444 in August. The IFT is monitoring to determine if M1673 has joined the Copper Creek Pack.

MORTALITIES

In August, AM1343 of the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located dead in Arizona. This mortality is under investigation.

In August, fp1691 of the Elk Horn Pack was located dead in New Mexico. The mortality is currently under investigation.

From January 1, 2018 to August 31, 2018 there have been a total of eight documented wolf mortalities.

INCIDENTS

During the month of August, there were two confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock. There were two nuisance incidents during August. From January 1, 2018 to August 31, 2018 there have been a total of 56 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in New Mexico and 24 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in Arizona.

On August 3, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Coconino County, AZ. The investigation concluded the cow died from unknown causes.

On August 7, Wildlife Services investigated an injured dog in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined it was probable the injuries were caused by another dog.

On August 8, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On August 13, WMAT investigated a dead calf on the FAIR. The investigation determined the calf was a probable dog kill.

The IFT received information from a property manager who stated on August 16, a woman was sitting on a porch at a cabin located off Highway 191 north of Hannagan Meadow when a collared wolf approached the cabin and started to walk up the porch steps. The woman stood up and yelled at the wolf which caused the wolf to run off. The wolf reportedly was seen trying to enter a barn before leaving the property. The property manager told the IFT that on the following day, a single collared wolf was again observed on the property. The manager walked outside and yelled at the wolf from a distance of approximately 50 yards, causing the wolf to run away. The manager told the IFT that the property had been unoccupied for months prior to the week in mid-August when these incidents occurred. At the time of preparing this report, the property manager told the IFT there had been no further sightings of wolves at the property.

On August 25, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

The IFT took a report from a hunter who reported an encounter with a wolf pack on August 29, while hunting in the ASNF south of Alpine. The hunter told the IFT that he was deer hunting on foot in the early morning when he was surrounded by wolves approximately 100 yards away. The hunter reported that the wolves were growling, barking and moving back and forth. The hunter stated there were as many as nine to ten wolves. The hunter left the area to return to his vehicle and indicated the wolves followed him out. GPS collar data was used by the IFT to determine the encounter reported by the hunter was with the Prime Canyon Pack which consists of two adult wolves and a minimum of six pups from this year. The IFT concluded the hunter’s encounter with the Prime Canyon Pack was a result of the hunter walking into a rendezvous site where the alpha wolves exhibited behaviours to protect the pups that were present. Wolves vocalizing and following a perceived threat out of an area where young pups are present is a behaviour often exhibited by wolves.

After taking the report, the IFT posted informational signs and has maintained a presence in the area. At the time this report was prepared, there have been no additional incidents reported to the IFT involving interactions with the Prime Canyon Pack. The public is encouraged to report all wolf interactions to the IFT using the contact information provided at the beginning of this document. Any person may take (which includes killing as well as nonlethal actions such as harassing or harming) a Mexican wolf in self-defence or defence of the lives of others. Any form of take must be reported within 24 hours to the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program, USFWS by telephone 505-346-2525; or fax 505-346-2542.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On August 15, WMAT presented at the Native American Fish and Wildlife Society Conference in Ignacio, CO.

On August 11, AGFD personnel had an informational booth about wolves at the Show Low Chamber of Commerce Outdoor Expo in Show Low, AZ.

On August 27 and 28, the IFT and a group of wildlife program personnel from the Navajo Nation completed annual capture and immobilization training in Springerville, AZ.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

In August, WMAT welcomed a temporary employee.

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at (505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of state law and the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

 

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail10.atl261.mcdlv.net) on behalf of; Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: A Heartfelt Goodbye to Atka

Rest in Peace, Atka

It is with deep sorrow that we share news about the most magnificent wolf we have ever known. Atka died in his sleep early this morning; he was 16 years old.
His passing was painless and peaceful with his family surrounding him. While Atka leaves a hole in our lives so big that words can’t describe it, his impact on wolf conservation persists and can not be overstated.
Atka is an Inuit name meaning guardian spirit, and his brilliant spirit lives on in those whose hearts he warmed, minds he opened, and souls he touched.
He instilled compassion, understanding, and awareness to the hundreds of thousands of people he met over his storied career. We will be better and do better because Atka lived. He will empower us to continue the fight to safeguard the wild legacy he leaves behind.
Thank you, Atka. We’ll never stop loving you.

Thank you so much for your support,
Wolf Conservation Center Family

 

Other News

National

Nothing to report

Next Door

Nothing to report

International

Nothing to report

 

Wolves and Wolfdogs

A not-so-safe Tick and Biliary Remedy – Forray 65

by Larry from the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary

I’ve always used Forray 65 in the past as it was recommended by my vet. When I took Apache with a suspicion of biliary through to Bethlehem, I told the veterinary nurse what I had treated him with. At the very mention of Forray, she looked at me in horror and said, they can’t treat him. I said please just check his blood and confirm biliary. She did what she could and put Apache on a drip and wished me luck.

Everything seemed to be going well when suddenly Apache took a turn for the worse; now we were fighting for his life, messaged the nurse, and sent a video. She confirmed that we were losing him; we didn’t think that we could even get to Bethlehem in time. All of this was late in the evening, just after ten. She asked me if I had any Atropine; she had contacted another vet who suggested that we counteract the Forray as it was killing Apache. Thank goodness I do carry Atropine. I injected the dosage into the drip and the rest under his skin. Half an hour later Apache started to breathe easier, but Kim thought that maybe he was letting go. I slept on the floor next to him as every now and then he would have a convulsion but they became further apart. To cut a long story short, Apache had a blood transfusion using Trigger’s blood. The nurse had done a test the previous day combining the wolves blood with dogs blood and saw a huge rejection. Apache could be released back into his pack, all thanks to a dedicated nurse.

After losing our husky Max to biliary last month and then having to deal with Apache who showed all the same symptoms that took Max’s life, we were forced to take Apache through to Maluti Veterinary Hospital in Bethlehem. We had JC, the vet nurse attend to us; she was like a gift from above. Apache was moments

from death a few times and if it hadn’t been for the dedication of JC I don’t believe Apache would be here with us now. She changed a lot of what we have done in the past and we’ve since treated more animals for biliary in a different way and noticed a huge improvement.

[Ed.: …and we found the following background information: “One of 13 healthy dogs used in a pharmacokinetic study of imidocarb dipropionate died due to difficulty in breathing, tachycardia, weakness and profuse diarrhoea. Autopsy findings showed marked pulmonary congestion and oedema. Kidneys were grossly enlarged and markedly congested with extensive haemorrhage in the cortex and medulla. Marked tubulonephrosis was also exhibited microscopically. Liver and spleen were moderately enlarged and congested. The adverse effects of imidocarb may be due to excessive acetylcholine action.”

”Adverse effects of imidocarb dipropionate (Imizol) in a dog”, available from [accessed Oct 13 2018].]

 

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 154

The Black Alpha Wolf  by Sloane Jenssen

A big black Alpha-wolf climbs a hill in the fading light, so he can sing and howl throughout the coming night.

The dwindling sunlight plays on his eyes and face, as he stands there tall, a noble member of a dying race.

As the sun sets he lifts his head to sing, and his voice causes the very air to ring.

Away in the forest the wolf-pack picks up their Alpha’s song, and they all begin to howl together – loud and long.

Suddenly a gunshot sounds out through the night, and down goes the black wolf-leader without a fight.

Sprawled out on the hill, bleeding, life dims in his eyes, he shudders and whimpers, and finally he dies.

Then the human walks up the hill, his gun held high, looking down at the wolf with a satisfied sigh.

He kneels down, his heart swelling with pride, wondering how much money he’ll get for the wolf’s hide.

Then he takes the wolf away, an animal he holds but does not love, not noticing the Alpha-wolf’s spirit watching him from Above.

Now the night is quiet and silent and still, and no more wolf-cries sound from the hill.

Then the wolf’s pack creeps from the trees, their thick pelts rippling in the cool night breeze.

They run to the place where their Alpha was slain, but all they find on the grass is a big, red bloodstain.

Then the Alpha’s mate, her belly full of pups, begins a new song, about their loyal leader and of his that was so wrong.

All the wolves mournfully howl, then at last they go away, sad that their leader will not see the next day.

Yet that day is happier, for six wolf pups are born, and the Alpha-wolf’s mate ceases to mourn.

Two of the wolf pups are brown, and three are gray, soon they are playing about in the warm spring day.

But the sixth pup, who is jet black, is at the center of their play, growling and bossing them around in a very Alpha-like way.

He has the same noble look his father had once worn, and the wolf-pack realizes that a new leader has been born.

Now, years later, a new black Alpha stands atop the hill and cries, while the old one watches proudly from the Heavenly skies.

The young wolf-leader howls long, he boldly says: no matter what happens, there will be wolves here…always!

 

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

Ted and I eventually had the pleasure to meet Kim, the former volunteer and now a regular member of the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary Team. On her way back to Holland she had a few days in Jozy and some time to pay us a visit. It was so nice to meet her in person for the first time (we so far only had contact via e-mail and phone), and what a nice person she is! Full of dedication to the sanctuary, the animals, and bubbling with new ideas and projects. After our having not been down to the sanctuary for way too long a time we could not wait to hear about everything that has happened since we were there the last time and how much everything has changed. We had first warned her that our pack was rather suspicious of strangers and that she might not see much of them, but to our surprise, all three seemed to feel quite comfortable in her presence and were rather forthcoming. Maybe the tins of pilchards in tomato sauce she had brought for them played a role in it?

The weather was nice and we could sit outside, chatting the day away. Time was flying much too fast. Eventually, she had to leave right when the clouds turned dark with rain and thunder for the first time this season. Unfortunately Kim will only be back next year, but we already have plans for when she is back, because the time we had together was much too short.

We were extremely pleased to hear that she would make good use of her time away and set up a HuskyRomi support office in Holland, looking for donors, volunteers to come to SA and work at the sanctuary (read our small advert in the National News section and see on the HuskyRomi Facebook page). All I can say from what I have heard about this new project is that it sounds very exciting and will surely be a very rewarding and worthwhile experience for every wolf lover here and in overseas.

Ted and I will go to the sanctuary in the too distant future, and Ted will sign his book (A Headful of Wolves) there for everybody who brings his/her copy. We will publish the exact date on Facebook as soon as we know it.

Will be continued…

Volume 13, Issue 167, September 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 167, September 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

It’s early spring up here on the Highveld – finally. Even though this winter wasn’t as cold as some in earlier years by absolute minimum values, it was unusually persistent. I truly hope we will have seen the last of it!

Another month, another reason to get upset to outright furious about what is going on in the land of the extreme. It seems to be an inbred instinct over there that if a wolf pitches up anywhere, it must be killed. Best, it appears, to kill them all by whatever inhumane means. And while we are at it, we can just as well kill all natural predators, so that we can claim to be the only one left standing. “We” here of course means American. That much for a civilized first-world country.

Along pretty much the same lines, we have selected for this month’s issue an intriguing write-up on how lobbyists try to discredit scientific research by feeding in fake information. F@#& the Facts if there are other interests. Read what we have found for you on Mexican gray wolves.

A very sad poem sums it all up.

500 x 50 – Since the last newsletter went out, we have been talking to several of our friends, and look at this: they all think it is a brilliant idea to sustainably support a really worthwhile cause. Some set up standing orders the very same day! See our note under News: National and check whether R 50 would really harm your budget more than it would make you feel good about donating them every month anew. And if you are still doubtful about the beneficiaries, meet them face to face and those who care for them in Reitz, maybe when you go on holiday this coming crazy season.

Till next month,

Ed.

 

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:

Wolves in a Changing World

October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.

Register now

Location & Lodging:

Minneapolis Marriott Northwest

7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428

Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more at here

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs  here

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

 

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long!  The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12.  All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.
SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Information & registration HERE

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the centre home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration here

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone here

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!

News from the Wolf Front

National

From the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary (Frans Badenhorst, wolfrescuesa@gmail.com)

Extracts from the HuskyRomi Newsletter August 2018

From the Sanctuary

Life out here is pretty much the same as last month, the Isuzu is still not mechanically sound, but there is not much we can do about it, we just manage to keep it running. We have increased the size of the geriatrics enclosure. We have also removed all the electric fencing so that the oldtimers don’t get shocked by mistake.

Volunteer Program

This is in its final stages of completion. Kim has put a lot of effort into getting the room ready and we will be able to sleep four people down at the house. Thanks to Mandy Marshall for all the wonderful stuff that she brought down to help kickstart the project. A new toilet, paint for the bathroom and for the burglar bars and numerous other things.

Kim has bought a ton of linen for all the beds. It’s just so overwhelming with everything that is happening out here.

Frans’ Ramblings

As most of you know, I live with my wife, daughter, a Rottweiler and two wolves. I have the habit to take the rottie (Titus) and the wolves (Yiska and Wahya) for a walk in the neighbourhood almost every day that I can fit it into my schedule and because it is important to me, I literally make time to do it.

This morning while walking with Yiska (four year old Canadian Timber Wolf), I started thinking again about the Pretoria security company that acquired a number of wolves to train and use as security animals. I can only imagine what a disaster this will be and what would happen to the poor non co-operative wolves being forced into a working situation that they do not know how to comply to. Wolves are not dogs, and especially not guard dogs. Even Yiska and Wahya know that Titus is the one with the job portfolio of “guarding”. They will gladly retire into the living room watching through the window while he gives some possible threat walking past the gate a piece of his mind. Wahya (three year old Russian Tundra Wolf) is very territorial and plain scared and shy, especially of anybody and anything strange, even though he is a huge block of a canid. He easily retires to one of his personal “safe spots” in and around the house and we know where to look for him when he disappears.

Can you imagine animals with that type of independent personalities being forced into doing guard duty? When we actively started doing wolf rescues in 2014, two of the first re-homing’s we did were Ghost and Shadow, a brother and sister that were used as guard wolves at a powder coating paint yard on the East Rand. Apparently Ghost turned on and pinned down his handler one day and that was when we were called to please remove them. On your next visit to HuskyRomi, please ask Larry to point them out to you, go into the enclosure and experience this for yourself. He probably just did not want to do what the handler wanted him to do and resisted by pinning him down — nonsense. When I go for my walks with the animals, I have a couple of different routes around the neighbourhood that I usually follow, but I mostly allow the animal that I take out to choose for himself which way he feels inclined to walk on that specific day and then I just basically walk along. It is interesting how they choose a different route almost daily and very often also decide that they want to turn around rather than completing the course. I have learned the hard way that it is totally senseless to try and drag them along if they actually had enough and want to go home. That is their nature and how I allow them to live and I believe that they are happy and contented animals.

I do know of trained wolves being used as guide dogs, but I believe it is a very different situation to being used for guarding. All this said, I however also believe that if they should experience a direct threat to themselves or their pack (which would in our situation be us), they will stand their ground and protect as required, just like I would do it.

Throw your heads back and keep howling.

Frans.

News from the Shire

There are still a few pages left for sponsorship in the 2019 calendar. They will be the same format as this year, A3 hanging wall calendar with 13/14 pages. Even as a NPO we unfortunately don’t get printing for free so we are looking for sponsors or donations to help. You can sponsor a page for R500. For that you will receive a calendar for free as well as your logo or message printed on the page you sponsor. If you would like to donate or sponsor, please send a message to Nolia Meyer on FB, email nolia@pentasure.ws or whatsapp 0726221764. We plan to have the calendars ready by end of October.

Please also consider if you want to order five or more calendars, to put your order in now so that we can have it printed in one batch. We are only ordering a limited amount. The calendars will cost R120, discount on bulk orders.

Check out the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary’s Facebook page for more information here: https://web.facebook.com/huskyromi/?rdc=1&rdr . If you wish to subscribe to HuskyRomi’s monthly newsletter, mail Frans Badenhorst at wolfrescuesa@gmail.com and have yourself added to the mailing list. It’s FREE!

From South African Friends of Wolves (www.safow.org)

500 x 50 – Calling on all South African Friends of Wolves

Set up a standing order with your bank and donate Rand 50 every month to support the wolves, wolfdogs and huskies at the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary

Banking details:

HuskyRomi Rescue and Wolf Sanctuary

First National Bank

Account: 62296463989

Branch: 230833

Type: Cheque Acc

Ref: Donation / Your name

…and then get one of your friends to do the same.

Remember, it’s tax-deductible, sustainable, no Rand is wasted, …and it really feels good to support a worthy cause!

 

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: Add your name: Help stop the cruel killing of wolf pups and bear cubs

Another outrage from the Trump Administration – and if we don’t act fast wolves and bears, including pups and cubs, could die.

Take action: Tell the Trump Administration you oppose brutal killing methods in national preserves: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=wofWPGF1K54mMqHbs7er9A

Here’s what’s going on:

The National Park Service (NPS) has proposed lifting a ban on extreme killing methods on Park Service lands in Alaska. If the ban is removed, wolves, bears and other predators will be vulnerable to appalling and cruel killing methods that most people oppose.

The state of Alaska has made no secret of its intentions – they want to aggressively kill predators to artificially inflate populations of moose, caribou and other game animals.

Please take action to help imperilled wildlife: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=BCcFJUsqHmpK_PxhRgaUGg

If the Park Service follows through on its plan, it will be legal to kill wolves and pups and mother bears and their cubs in their dens. It will be legal to bait bears with donuts and garbage and shoot them when they come sniffing for it. It could even be legal to shoot caribou from motor boats while the animals are crossing rivers.

This is unacceptable – please call on NPS to protect bears and wolves in Alaska from extreme killing methods: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=Gdyx9LRffIImWiqWjHlwsA

If the current proposal becomes final, the floodgates could open to a despicable wave of killing and death that shouldn’t happen anywhere, and especially not on America’s park lands.

Elke, your voice matters. If you love wildlife like I think you do, please take this action right now: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=09-7e28hexukGVIEnvn5kg

Thanks for all you do.

  1. USA: These wolves don’t need to die

This young pack doesn’t even have a name – but just yesterday – the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) authorized the lethal removal of two wolves from this northeastern Washington pack.

Tell the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife Director to rescind this decision to kill these wolves NOW: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=XT_6hoAOSZvjqzpOfKGv8w

While the decision to execute these animals comes in the wake of a handful of attacks by wolves on livestock, there are a number of proven nonlethal strategies that ranchers can use to adapt their operations to prevent or eliminate wolf attacks on livestock.

Please take immediate action: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=TtWjRInewb2Ve8rYHALfLg

This ‘kill first, ask questions later’ approach is not only senseless, it’s also ineffective. This specific area of eastern Washington has been the site of repeated wolf-livestock conflicts, and instead of requiring the rancher to adapt their practices to allow for coexistence, WDFW is allowing wolves to be killed off – this cannot continue!

Demand that the Washington Fish and Wildlife Director Kelly Susewind reverse this decision to kill wolves in this brand-new pack TODAY!

http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=8PGl2c_nMI4W-hofuNnX5Q

These wolves don’t have to die. Defenders is on the ground in Washington state implementing non-lethal control measures with proven results in protecting livestock and saving wolves. This new pack demonstrates that wolves are still regaining a foothold in Washington State. By killing them, the state is acting prematurely and the death of these wolves will not solve the problem.

Please take action today to save these wolves here

 

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Wolfsschutz Deutschland on Facebook here

Germany: Wolf News – always up-to-date and free!

Surveys have shown repeatedly that most people in Germany, Austria and Denmark are pro-wolf, but one lobby, consisting of livestock farmers who don’t want to protect, farmers associations and hunters, leave nothing untried to change public opinion, partly even with lies, and with the help of the media.

With our blog we have created an antipole. We offer the latest information about the wolf, unmask fake stories, and inspect the fences of livestock farmers who claim theirs to be safe, which in the most cases is not the case. They even provoke killings to underline their demand to shoot wolves. To counteract such practices information is needed that the media often don’t publish or even omit from their articles.

You can easily subscribe to our blog at www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de; scroll down on the right side and click on BLOG VIA E-MAIL ABONNIEREN. Fill in your email address and you will never again miss out on news.

  1. Please also help the wolves in Austria and sign this petition

Wolves in Austria are under pressure. They are supposed to be shot even before they had a chance of establishing themselves properly.

And that although the majority of people in Austria, like in Germany, are PRO wolf. There was an anti-wolf petition that was signed by about 3000 people. Let’s show friends of the wolves that we are the majority and please sign the petition here

 

From News by the California Wolf Center Mexican Wolf (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com on behalf of; erin@californiawolfcenter.org [californiawolfcenter] [californiawolfcenter-noreply@yahoogroups.com)

MEXICAN WOLF UPDATE July 1-31, 2018

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project) activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf.   For information on the FAIR, call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit www.wmatoutdoor.org.

Past updates may be viewed at these websites.  Interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically by visiting www.azgfd.com and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AZGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to:  the Alpine wolf office (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653.  For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 338-4385 ext. 226.  To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Updates

On July 12 and 13, the annual meeting of the Mexican Wolf Species Survival Plan (SSP) was hosted by the Brookfield Zoo in Illinois.  The SSP oversees management of the Mexican wolf captive breeding program for the USFWS and meets annually with the primary purpose to discuss population demographics, management and research needs, as well as to make breeding and transfer recommendations for the upcoming year.  The meeting was attended by USFWS, AZGFD and representatives from captive breeding facilities from the United States and Mexico. The next SSP meeting will be held in Mexico during summer of 2019.

On July 18, the USFWS advertised the job announcement for the Mexican Wolf Recovery Coordinator position.  The application period closed on August 2, 2018.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) are used to indicate wolves younger than 24 months.  A lowercase letter “p” preceding the number is used to indicate a wolf pup born in the most recent spring. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicates breeding wolves.

Definitions:  A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status.  The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. Studbook numbers listed in the monthly update denote wolves with functioning radio collars.  The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

The year-end minimum population count for 2017 was 114 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico.  Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups).  Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  Counting the population at the end of each year allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.  At the end of July, there were 71 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, M1676, and f1683)

In July, the IFT documented the Bear Wallow Pack in their territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF) and occasionally on the SCAR.  Yearling f1683, M1676, and AM1338 were documented travelling separately. Male1676 made dispersal movements across the central and western portion of the ASNF and on the Coconino National Forest.

Bluestem Pack (collared f1686)

In July, the IFT documented the Bluestem Pack in the pack’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  Yearling f1686 made dispersal movements from the pack’s territory this month within the eastern portion of the ASNF.

Eagle Creek Pack (collared M1477)

In July, M1477 continued to be documented with an uncollared wolf.  The pair has been holding a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, f1668, and m1671)

In July, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The IFT maintained a supplemental food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort and to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The pack displayed localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of July.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, m1666, m1677, and m1681)

In July, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for the pack to reduce potential for conflict. The pack displayed localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of July.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AM1382)

In July, the IFT documented AM1382 travelling alone in the pack’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Pine Spring Pack (collared F1562 and AM1394)

In July, the Pine Spring Pack was located within their territory in the north central portion of the ASNF.  The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache for this pack to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The pack displayed localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of July.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488 and M1471)

In July, the IFT documented the Prime Canyon Pack within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  F1488 and M1471 exhibited behavior and movements consistent with pup rearing. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for this pack in a proactive attempt to reduce the potential for human-wildlife interactions near residences.

Saffel Pack (collared AM1441, AF1567, m1661, and m1680)

In July, the Saffel Pack was located in their territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The pack displayed localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of July.

Sierra Blanca Pack (collared M1571 and F1550)

In July, the Sierra Blanca Pack was located in their territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Single collared F1489

In July, the IFT documented F1489 travelling in the north and east central portion of the ASNF and in the eastern portion of the FAIR.

Single collared M1574

In July, the IFT documented M1574 travelling in the east central portion of the ASNF, the SCAR, and the eastern portion of the FAIR.

ON THE FAIR:

Baldy Pack (collared AM1347, F1560, and m1672)

In July, the Baldy Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR and the north central portion of the ASNF.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In July, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343, AF1283, and f1674)

In July, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory in the eastern portion the FAIR.

Tu dil hil Pack (collared M1559 and F1679)

In July, the Tu dil hil Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Copper Creek Pack

During July, the Copper Creek Pack was not located.  Currently there are no functioning collars in this pack.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared AF1456 and AM1354)

During July, the Dark Canyon Pack was documented travelling together within their traditional territory, in the west central portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF).  The Dark Canyon Pack continued to exhibit behaviour and movements consistent with rearing pups during July.

Datil Mountain Pack (collared M1453 and F1685)

During July, the Datil Mountain Pack continued to travel in the western portion of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Frieborn Pack (collared AF1443 and AM1447)

In July, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in New Mexico and Arizona.  The IFT maintained a food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort and to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Frieborn Pack continued to exhibit behaviour and movements consistent with rearing pups during July.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038 and F1473)

During July, the Hawks Nest Pack began travelling separately.  Alpha male 1038 continued to travel in the north central portion of the GNF, while F1437 has consistently been located with its natal pack (Elk Horn) in Arizona.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During July, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.  The Iron Creek Pack continued to exhibit behaviour and movements consistent with rearing pups during July.

Lava Pack (collared AF1405 and AM1285)

During July, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south-eastern portion of the GNF.  The IFT discontinued the supplemental food cache. The Lava Pack continued to exhibit behaviour and movements consistent with rearing pups during July.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293 and AF1346)

During July, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158, AF1487, and fp1684)

During July, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The Luna Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with rearing pups during July.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, f1664 and f1705)

During July, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north-western portion of the GNF.  The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for the Mangas Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict.  The Mangas Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory during July.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, F1565, m1669, and m1678)

During July, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for the Prieto Pack and implemented continuous hazing efforts to reduce potential for livestock conflict.  The Prieto Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory during July.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and f1578)

During July, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for the San Mateo Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict.  The San Mateo Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with rearing pups during July.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AF1553)

During July AF1553, of the SBP Pack and single M1561 continued to use the traditional territory of the SBP pack in the north central portion of the GNF.  The wolves continued to exhibit behaviour consistent with rearing pups.

Squirrel Springs Pack (collared F1788)

In July the IFT documented an uncollared male wolf travelling with F1788.  The IFT has continued efforts to determine reproductive status of this pack and to reduce potential for further conflict with cattle by maintaining a diversionary food cache and conducting intensive hazing efforts.

Single collared M1486

During July, M1486 travelled throughout the northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared M1561

During July, M1561 has been travelling and rearing pups with AF1553 of the Sheepherder’s Baseball Park Pack.

Single collared M1673

During July, M1673 travelled throughout the southern portion of the GNF, largely within the Dark Canyon Pack territory.

MORTALITIES

There were no mortalities documented in July.  From January 1, 2018 to July 31, 2018 there have been a total of 6 documented wolf mortalities.

INCIDENTS

During the month of July, there were 7 confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock.  There was one nuisance incident during July. From January 1, 2018 to July 31, 2018 there have been a total of 55 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in New Mexico and 23 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in Arizona.

On July 1, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow and calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow and calf were killed by a bear.

On July 2, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ.  The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On July 4, a horseback range rider working cattle on the ASNF south of Greer had between 4 to 5 wolves approach to within 30 to 40 yards of the range rider and his dogs.  The rider stated the wolves’ attention was focused on his dogs that were barking at cattle. The rider made aggressive movements toward the wolves and yelled which caused the wolves to immediately retreat out of sight.  The wolves were not seen again by the rider. After the incident occurred the rider called and reported the event to the IFT.

On July 7, Wildlife Services investigated an injured calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf was a probable wolf injury.

On July 7, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On July 9, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On July 11, Wildlife Services investigated two dead cows in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined both cows were killed by a bear.

On July 15, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Apache County, AZ.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On July 16, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On July 16, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, NM.  The investigation concluded the calf had died from unknown causes.

On July 17, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf was a probable wolf kill.

On July 17, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On July 18, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On July 19, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ.  The investigation determined the calf had been killed by a bear.

On July 20, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Greenlee County, AZ.  The investigation determined the calf had been killed by coyotes.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On July 10 through July 12, the IFT completed bi-annual helicopter training.

On July 11, the USFWS participated in an SSP Management Group meeting in Brookfield, Illinois.

On July 17, WMAT presented to Turkey Creek Livestock Association in East Fork, AZ.

On July 18, WMAT presented to BIA Forestry in Whiteriver, AZ.

On July 27, WMAT presented to the Grand Canyon Wolf Recovery Project at Big Lake Recreation Area, AZ.

On July 28, AZGFD personnel presented to the Grand Canyon Wolf Recovery Project at Big Lake Recreation Area, AZ.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

In July, Craig Zurek left the IFT to continue his professional career.  Thank you Craig for your dedication and contribution to Mexican wolf recovery.

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves.  A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at (505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263.  Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

 

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail10.atl261.mcdlv.net) on behalf of; Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Federal Plan Poised to Allow Landowners to Kill Endangered Red Wolves

Another chance to take action – USFWS has re-opened their public comment period!

On June 28, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) announced its proposal that could result with the extinction of the last wild red wolves. Today, fewer than 30 wolves remain in the wild.

Beyond reducing the red wolf recovery area by nearly 90% and limiting the wild population to just 10-15 wolves, USFWS, the very agency charged by federal law with protecting endangered species, will allow landowners to kill red wolves who stray beyond the newly-designated recovery area – and without any repercussions.

The good news is that USFWS has re-opened their public comment period, so if you didn’t have an opportunity to comment before the July 30th deadline, now is your chance to take action!

Take Action and join the thousands of people speaking up for endangered red wolves before the August 28 deadline. You can find the link to submit comments and talking points here.

No species should face extinction at the hands of humanity, much less twice.

Take action here: https://nywolf.org/support-us/red-wolf-proposed-10j-rule-take-action

  1. USA: Budget Rider Seeks to Remove Federal Protections From Gray Wolves Nationwide

Damaging anti-wildlife amendments (riders) that undermine Endangered Species Act (ESA) are still in play for the House FY 2019 Interior/EPA appropriations bill. One provision goes as far as to remove protection for gray wolves nationwide. Section 117 legislatively removes federal protections for all gray wolves in the lower 48 states except the critically endangered Mexican gray wolf.

If anti-wolf legislation is passed into law, wolves will die at the hands of trophy hunters.

Please help.

Please urge the leading members of the U.S. House and Senate to reject all policy riders in appropriations bills that would undermine the Endangered Species Act, including H.R. 6147 anti-wolf provision in section 117.

Take action here:

http://salsa4.salsalabs.com/o/51421/p/dia/action4/common/public/?action_KEY=25433

 

Other News

National

Nothing to report

Next Door

Nothing to report

International

From Salty Dog via Change.org (change@mail.change.org)

  1. USA: US Secretary Zinke promotes Hunting by blending its Stats with Wildlife Watchers (Petition update)

7 Sep 2018 — Today Secretary Zinke promoted hunting/fishing by misleadingly blending its stats with wildlife watchers, a group he at best ignores and often attacks. He has done this many times. He said that 40% of Americans 16 and older pursue an outdoor activity like hunting, fishing and birding. Bringing in an economic activity of $156 billion.

The truth is 5% are hunting, the rest, 35% are bird watching, etc.

Zinke is a deliberate liar. Much like his boss.

Please, if you haven’t done so already, sign the petition here

 

Wolves and Wolfdogs

  • New research finds Mexican gray wolves aren’t part dog after all

From 1977 to 1980, Roy McBride combed pine and oak forests high in the Sierra Madre Occidental range of northern Mexico, searching for the last remaining wild Mexican gray wolves.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service wanted to breed more endangered Mexican gray wolves in captivity to save them from extinction. Eradication campaigns had eliminated them from the wild in the United States, so the agency hired McBride to capture wolves across the border.

McBride caught three of the seven wolves on whose DNA the fate of the entire Mexican gray wolf subspecies would depend. But he was shocked when he saw some of the other founding wolves in the captive breeding program. They looked like dogs to him.

Anecdotal accounts of genetic impurities among these seven founders have long been a cannon for arguments against recovering this Gray wolf subspecies. A contaminated bloodline could undermine efforts to restore the wolf to its historical habitat.

Fish and Wildlife Service officials have rejected the accusations, but new research into the Mexican gray wolf bloodline found what advocates say is ample evidence to support findings that the bloodline is pure.

A University of Arizona study examined the DNA of decedents from each lineage the seven founding wolves created.

Since the 1980s, the captive breeding program, an international effort between the United States and Mexico, has grown to around 250 wolves.

At least 114 wolves roamed wild in Arizona and New Mexico at the time of the latest annual survey. And in February, Mexican officials reported 37 wild wolves south of the border.

The recovery program’s opponents have argued that Mexican gray wolves already went extinct, accusing program managers of raising a wolf bloodline contaminated by dogs or coyotes.

But the University of Arizona study found no evidence that any of the founding wolves were wolf-dog hybrids or that dogs had recently hybridized with Mexican gray wolves.

They analyzed 87 Mexican gray wolves, comparing DNA samples to that of dogs and other gray wolves.

It’s still an open question if wolves have interbred with coyotes and to what extent, but genetic work by the Fish and Wildlife Service suggests they have not.

Their research could have dealt a blow to the recovery program if it had found wolf-dog hybridization.

McBride warned that questions of impurities would always haunt the Mexican gray wolf bloodline.

Recovery program officials have tried to dispel this misperception, but it’s been around since recovery efforts started and repeatedly comes up at public meetings. In 2006, a rancher and a Catron County employee in New Mexico suspected that two animals the rancher had killed were wolf-dog hybrids.

The county employee said he gave blood and tissue samples from the animals to a biologist at the recovery program to test, the investigators noted. But county commissioners later accused the Mexican Gray Wolf Recovery Project of destroying the samples.

This accusation and more against the recovery project sparked the investigation by the department’s Office of Inspector General. Among their other claims, the Catron County commissioners more broadly alleged that Mexican Gray wolves had severely interbred with dogs or coyotes.

Apache County also passed an ordinance in 2013 that questioned the legality of releasing Mexican gray wolves in light of the county’s suspicion that the subspecies was really a “wolf-dog hybrid.”

It has happened in the past, but the pups were euthanized in their den, and the recovery program tests every wolf and coyote they catch for genetic purity.

Beyond disproving wolf-dog hybridization, researchers found that Mexican gray wolves’ genetic variety is deteriorating, which could limit their ability to evolve and adapt to their environment.

In general this loss of variation makes Mexican Gray wolves much more susceptible to things in the future, like disease.

Genetic issues, like “loss of adaptive potential,” are a top threat to these wolves. The plan aims to increase gene diversity by releasing more captive wolves into the wild and moving wild wolves around on the landscape to breed.

Mexican gray wolves will remain on the endangered species list until officials release 22 in the U.S. and 37 in Mexico that survive to reach breeding age at 2 years old. Wolf populations must also average 320 in the United States and 200 in Mexico over eight years.

The study’s main findings — that wolves are not hybridized with dogs — are important, but the decline in genetic variety is very concerning.

Excerpt from the original article by Alex Devoid at

You can follow the azcentral and Arizona Republic environmental reporting team at OurGrandAZ on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.

 

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 153

Finally Sleeping by Megan K McConnell

Eight pups in the pack,
all so innocent,
all so quaint.
Each travelling home for the frigid cold to come,
not a care in the world,
not a worry in their thoughts,
Till the winter traffic began to roar.

The adults went first,
the pups went next,
that’s when the pain full scream cried out.
His bloody paws,
his shallow breath,
drawn with pain at every attempt.

His wails are weakening,
his cries are piercing,
his strength is dying,
his heart is stopping.

His one last breath is drawn deeply,
his deep blue eyes are finally Sleeping.

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

Nothing new to report this month

Will be continued…

Volume 13, Issue 166, August 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 166, August 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

Let’s have a look at what we’ve got for you this month:

More dreadful updates on the US’s plans to reshape their natural fauna according to what will generate money from the trigger-happy portion of the populace and the associated industries. And the world stands by and hardly takes notice.

500 x 50 – an excellent and highly feasible plan to ensure that the Wolf Sanctuary in Reitz can keep on running properly. You don’t understand? If 500 people donated the measly amount of Rand 50 every month, the lives of all the wolves at the sanctuary could be greatly improved. How much would that strain your monthly budget? And if everybody who joins in then brings in one friend, the target of 500 active supporters should be reached in no time. We, Erin and Ted, are participating. Are you?

Genetics can be utterly boring, but this one is really, really interesting: Read what geneticists found out about the wolves of the Pacific Northwest of North America.

We have a wolf tale, as usual, and Erin is jubilant about the first signs of spring, well, most of them anyway…

Till next month,

Ed.

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:

Wolves in a Changing World

October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.

Register now

Location & Lodging:

Minneapolis Marriott Northwest

7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428

Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more here

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs here

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long!  The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12.  All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.
SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Information & registration HERE

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the centre home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration here

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone here

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!

FALL WILDLIFE ADVENTURE: September 8 – 13, 2018 here

News from the Wolf Front

National

From the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary (Frans Badenhorst, wolfrescuesa@gmail.com)

Extracts from the HuskyRomi Newsletter July 2018

From the Sanctuary

I put out a plea on FB but I don’t think people understood it. I want to ask you as sponsors of HRWS to please try and assist us by spreading the word. I’m looking for five hundred people to contribute fifty Rand a month for the next while. I need to replace at least half the fencing at the sanctuary and also to put up secondary fencing between enclosures to stop any fighting. I’ve spent thousands of Rand on electric fencing, but the moment the cable touches the fence, it earths out and stops working. Some people donated more than the asked amount, which I’m very grateful for, but this needs to be an ongoing venture so that we can upgrade the whole sanctuary over a period of time. All I’m asking is to sacrifice a burger or something a month, maybe someone has a better idea.

June through July were very trying months. We suffered three horrific attacks on our wolves, two were through the fence by the packs next door and one was where a young female wanted dominance over the older female. Two of them were touch and go. Carley, a lovely wolf dog, was attacked by Frank’s pack and bitten very badly, you could see right inside her chest cavity and her shoulder muscles were crushed by the force of Frank’s jaws. Murray, our vet, didn’t think that she would make it through the night but she did. Carley walks with a bit of a limp but is outside running around with the Free Roamers, her previous pack which she left of her own choice. Thomas said that she never wants to be next door to Frank again.

Maya, an old Siberian wolf, was caught through the fence by the Afrikaner (Frankfort) Pack and had her entire rear end ripped off. This was another case of “she should have been put down”, but with lots of loving care from Kim Dijkman, Maya has come a long way. She may never be perfect again but then again who is? She walks around now, has a smile on her face and is very happy to be alive.

Snowy had her face badly bitten, we had her stitched up and we relocated her to an enclosure for the geriatrics. She has settled down but it did take a while as she longed for her old pack.

These are our three newest wolf arrivals: Akila was rescued from a man who was keeping her in a tiny 1m X 1m X 1m cage, she was three months old and riddled with worms. Her new owner just felt that she would be happier with her own kind so she is with Niska, Trigger and the puppies.

Dysan is a lovely big wolf with the most gentle nature, unwanted due to divorce. Conan also came from an abused home and was rescued by a nice couple, but he’s just becoming way too much for them to handle.

Log Cabin news

For you softer folk who don’t like camping but would like to spend a night with the wolves, we now have a log cabin with two single beds, solar powered lights and plug point to charge your laptop or whatever.

R400.00 per night, please book in advance.

Frans’s Ramblings

This morning when I was taking my animals out for their regular walk, I once again became aware of the aggressive small dog attitude that numerous small dog owners have, when a lady was proudly praising her little miniature Jack Russell that stormed out through their open gate attacking my Rottweiler while we were walking on the opposite sidewalk. Well, Titus is a 55kg brute and he nearly pulled me over as he retaliated in defense. The Jack Russell retreated under an oncoming car that fortunately saw what was happening and came to a stop. I did not even look back and just coaxed Titus in the right direction to continue our walk. Unfortunately I know that some people never learn and I know it will probably happen again and next time round the Jackie might not be so lucky.

Until next time, just stay warm and keep on howling.

Frans.

News from the Shire

Seems like things are starting to heat up again and we might be saying goodbye to winter (holding thumbs). Coldest one that we had in a while!

On that note, it is that time of year again when we need to start planning the calendars for 2019. They will be the same format as this year, A3 hanging wall calendar with 13/14 pages. Even as a NPO we unfortunately don’t get printing for free so we are looking for sponsors or donations to help. You can sponsor a page for R500. For that you will receive a calendar for free as well as your logo or message printed on the page you sponsor. There are still a few pages left so if you would like to get involved please send a message to Nolia Meyer on FB, email nolia@pentasure.ws or Whatsapp 0726221764. Plan to have the calendars ready by October.

Been a bit quiet on the event side this last couple of months with only Medieval coming up on the 1st of September but have been looking at other fundraising ideas. If you have an idea how to raise some extra money or if you want to run a fundraiser event, please contact us so we can discuss it further.

Click on the link for more info regarding Medieval. A fun day for the whole family

https://www.facebook.com/events/2064465623838295/

Thank you to everyone who supported Mandela Day and who made donations for the new fencing. We are still a long way from target but every bit helps. The My School has also grown so remember to swipe your card!

That’s all from me.

Keep on howling

Nolia

Check out the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary’s Facebook page for more information here: https://web.facebook.com/huskyromi/?rdc=1&rdr . If you wish to subscribe to HuskyRomi’s monthly newsletter, mail Frans Badenhorst at wolfrescuesa@gmail.com and have yourself added to the mailing list. It’s FREE!

From South African Friends of Wolves (www.safow.org)

500 x 50 – Calling on all South African Friends of Wolves

Set up a standing order with your bank and donate Rand 50 every month to support the wolves, wolfdogs and huskies at the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary

Banking details:

HuskyRomi Rescue and Wolf Sanctuary

First National Bank

Account: 62296463989

Branch: 230833

Type: Cheque Acc

Ref: Donation / Your name

…and then get one of your friends to do the same.

Remember, it’s tax-deductible, no Rand is wasted, …and it really feels good to support a worthy cause!

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: A Death Sentence for Red Wolves

The federal government seems bent on destroying what began as one of our nation’s greatest wildlife comeback stories.

As a result, red wolves are all but certain to go extinct in the wild – again.

You and I can’t let what began as such a success story end on such a heartbreaking and tragic note. This is a 100% preventable extinction.

Say ‘hell no’ to the red wolf extinction plan. Help us fight for the wildlife you love here

Last month the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service proposed to cripple the red wolf recovery program by:

  • Reducing the recovery area in Eastern North Carolina by nearly 90% – leaving barely enough room for a single wolf pack.
  • Allowing any wolf wandering outside the cramped confines of the Refuge to be gunned down, no questions asked.

30 years ago when the red wolf recovery effort launched it was destined to become a model for recovery of wolves across the U.S. The once nearly extinct population took root and grew to 150 wolves. But ever since anti-wolf extremists mounted an anti-wolf campaign, numbers have fallen.

Fewer than 40 red wolves cling to survival in the wild – won’t you help us fight for them? http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=cEN6zAx1IK-DxCaVyx_Dag

Red wolves, native to Eastern North Carolina, are a key part of our natural heritage. In our not so distant past, these animals ranged from Florida to Pennsylvania and as far west as Texas. There are no words for how tragic it would be to see them disappear forever.

Your donation will help fuel our all-out effort to rescue the red wolf from oblivion. You’ll help fund public outreach efforts in North Carolina, build community support for wolf conservation, and help us hold Fish and Wildlife Service’s feet to the fire, including legal action if necessary.

Stop the extinction of the Red Wolf: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=2clgYPBRxa4ToAXfrbQsdQ

The story isn’t over. With your help, we’ll get the happy ending we have sought for three decades. It’s the happy ending these wolves deserve. Are you with us?

Please give generously today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=U83JQAy0CM1yz45DSf1pqg

Thank you in advanced for your help.

  1. USA: Wolves in the crosshairs

If you’ve always wanted to gun down a wolf, then the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service wants to make your day.

We cannot let the red wolf program end in tragedy and extinction.

We need to raise $29,000 in the next 48 hours to keep up the fight.

Please donate generously today here

The federal government seems bent on destroying what began as one of our nation’s greatest wildlife comeback stories.

As a result, red wolves are all but certain to go extinct in the wild – again.

You and I can’t let what began as such a success story end on such a heartbreaking and tragic note. This is a 100% preventable extinction.

Say ‘hell no’ to the red wolf extinction plan. Help us fight for the wildlife you love here

Last month the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service proposed to cripple the red wolf recovery program by:

  • Reducing the recovery area in Eastern North Carolina by nearly 90% – leaving barely enough room for a single wolf pack.
  • Allowing any wolf wandering outside the cramped confines of the Refuge to be gunned down, no questions asked.

30 years ago when the red wolf recovery effort launched it was destined to become a model for recovery of wolves across the U.S. The once nearly extinct population took root and grew to 150 wolves. But ever since anti-wolf extremists mounted an anti-wolf campaign, numbers have fallen.

Fewer than 40 red wolves cling to survival in the wild – won’t you help us fight for them? http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=N5E9fa9xmTa25bzVjiKdnQ

Red wolves, native to Eastern North Carolina, are a key part of our natural heritage. In our not so distant past, these animals ranged from Florida to Pennsylvania and as far west as Texas. There are no words for how tragic it would be to see them disappear forever.

Your donation will help fuel our all-out effort to rescue the red wolf from oblivion. You’ll help fund public outreach efforts in North Carolina, build community support for wolf conservation, and help us hold Fish and Wildlife Service’s feet to the fire, including legal action if necessary.

Stop the extinction of the Red Wolf: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=5hriqGdDMrjq69YESVyXJQ

The story isn’t over. With your help, we’ll get the happy ending we have sought for three decades. It’s the happy ending these wolves deserve. Are you with us?

Please give generously today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=b-KtqWAdnPy2RGWq5AGsDg

Thank you in advanced for your help.

  1. USA: ADD YOUR NAME: Speak up for red wolves

Catastrophic.

No other word comes close to describing the impact on critically endangered red wolves if this appalling proposal goes through.

Defying all logic, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) is proposing a 90 percent reduction in the land available for red wolf recovery in eastern North Carolina. This area supports the last wild population of red wolves. And worse, the proposal would allow private landowners free reign to shoot any red wolves that wander across their property.

If this proposal goes into effect, it will be a death sentence for America’s most endangered wolf: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=i57hxbEXFg8TnnBdEYOUMA

URGENT – this proposal is an outrage – tell FWS to do their job and save red wolves!

Fewer than 40 red wolves cling to survival in the wild. If this proposed rule goes into effect, there will barely be room for 15 animals in the tiny patch of habitat that remains.

Protect Red Wolves today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=Zo9YEl3JkD_wtvo3RuHmTg

In what was once a model recovery program, FWS reintroduced red wolves in North Carolina in 1987 – just seven years after they were declared extinct in the wild. As a result, the wild population of red wolves rebounded to nearly 150 individuals!

But after years of yielding to pressure from a vocal minority seeking to end the recovery of red wolves in the wild, FWS failed to follow through on its commitment to restore red wolves and is now proposing a rule that would certainly lead to their extinction in the wild!

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Wolfsschutz Deutschland on Facebook here

Germany: Let’s end the silence of the majority – Here’s how you can show your support!

Representative research shows that the majority thinks that the wolf has a right to live in Germany. It is also a fact that the wolf has been granted the highest protection status by the EU. Wolves are not allowed to be either disturbed or killed. But reality unfortunately looks different. In the past weeks alone four wolves have been shot, and another male wolf had to be euthanized because of a bad gunshot injury.

For years, the lobby consisting of politicians, farmer associations and hunters, has been trying to soften this high protection status; against the interest of the majority and existing laws. We cannot allow that legal claims are handled as bagatelles or that politicians, like Söder did recently, demand to shoot transmigrating wolves in the Allgäu. We urgently need the Good Ones to speak out. Wolves cannot speak for themselves and therefore we must do it for them. Please, support the movie project “Menschen fuer Woelfe” (Humans for Wolves) by Volker Vogel; it is a non-profit movie with 100% of all earnings going to the Verein Wolfsschutz Deutschland e.V. (Association for Wolfprotection Germany).

You can find further information about the movie and how to support it here: https://www.gofundme.com/menschen-fuer-woelfe

Thanks and kind regards

From ForceChange (TakeAction@ForceChange.com)

  1. USA: Stop Trump Administration From Allowing Bear Cubs and Wolf Pups to be Slaughtered

Target: Ryan Zinke, United States Secretary of the Interior

Goal: Protect Alaska’s wolf pups and bear cubs from unwarranted slaughter.

Alaska’s bears and wolves will soon be in danger of needless slaughter. Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke’s plan to roll back protection laws for Alaskan bears and wolves is fast approaching, despite strong opposition from the state itself. The rollback of these Obama-era laws would allow cruel and unethical hunting practices such as baiting, killing hibernating bears, and laying traps for wolves during denning season. This would almost certainly spell the extinction of many different species of bear and wolf, who are already dying out due to unnecessary killings.

The legalization of these practices could lead to the extinction of many species of bear and wolf. Too many of these poor creatures have already been shot with “self-defense” as an excuse, while said creatures were quietly going about their own business and living their lives. Due to their history as predatory animals, bears and wolves have gained an unfair reputation used to justify these killings, and the last thing we need is for such cruelty to become fully legal.

We cannot allow this plan to succeed. Bears and wolves are living creatures that deserve better than to have their lives ended out of human paranoia or for sport. Sign this petition to demand Zinke call off his plan immediately.

PETITION LETTER:

Dear Secretary Zinke,

Your plan to roll back protection laws for bears and wolves in Alaska is unethical and selfish. Too many of these creatures are ruthlessly killed by humans for sport, or shot while minding their own business with “self-defense” as an excuse. While bears and wolves may have a history as predatory animals, the majority of them would not harm humans unprovoked and are simply trying to live their lives. Additionally, many species of wolf and bear are nearly extinct despite laws set in place to protect them; rolling back these laws entirely would likely result in them disappearing forever.

The state of Alaska firmly opposes these plans to legalize hunting, trapping, baiting, and the killing of hibernating bears. You must respect the wishes of the population and keep protection laws for these animals firmly in place. Do not legalize the wholesale slaughter of innocent creatures for selfish reasons.

Please find the petition form to sign here

Other News

National

Nothing to report

Next Door

Nothing to report

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: A sweeping rewrite of the Endangered Species Act

We’ve never been closer to a nation without wolves…without panthers…without sea otters, wolverines or songbirds.

The escalating war on the wildlife we all love has just taken a terrifying turn.

Yesterday, the Trump Administration put forward proposals that essentially take a chainsaw to the Endangered Species Act. If these proposals are enacted, wolves and other imperiled wildlife will be left to the mercy of hostile states.

And you know all too well where that leads.

It’s up to us to protect our nation’s wildlife. Please step up with the most generous donation you can afford: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=rxj3jrZ8R4CLBiZrErSgbg

Without a strong Endangered Species Act, states like Idaho and Wyoming could push wolves – and other animals we cherish – to the point of extermination. These reckless proposals represent the gravest setback I have seen in my 35-year career as a wildlife biologist. And as a mother, I fear for the planet my child will inherit.

Looking ahead, unless we stop this, Mexican gray wolves will once again disappear in the Southwest. Red wolves will once again go extinct in the wild. And our beloved gray wolf in the Northern Rockies will likely spiral toward extermination.

Please make an emergency donation today here

Defenders of Wildlife has the nation’s most committed, accomplished and passionate scientists, lawyers, policy experts, community organizers and other wildlife advocates working tirelessly to save the wildlife we all love.

The American people are on our side. History is on our side. I need you on our side, too! With your support of our work, I still have hope.

Please donate today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=0U4kTKkEqsgId3YUMXujtw

  1. USA: Stop this sickening attack on endangered wildlife

Everything we love, everything you and I have worked for, is at stake.

The Endangered Species Act (ESA) is under unprecedented assault by Congress and the Trump Administration. More than 100 anti-ESA bills and amendments have been proposed by this Congress alone, and to make matters worse, Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke recently proposed changes to the ESA that would dismantle this landmark law by gutting existing protections for threatened and endangered wildlife. We can’t let this happen.

We need your immediate help to stop this despicable plan here

Our planet is currently facing an extinction crisis of epic proportions with the potential for losing half of all species to extinction in as little as 33 years!

We cannot let the Trump Administration dismantle threatened and endangered species’ last line of defense.

Tell the Trump Administration: Hands Off the ESA here

The Endangered Species Act is America’s most effective law for protecting wildlife in danger of extinction – in fact 99% of listed species have survived under the ESA’s care. Many have been set on a path to recovery, including the iconic American bald eagle, the grizzly bear, the Florida manatee, and more.

The Trump/Zinke Extinction Plan would weaken endangered species protections by:

  • Injecting economics into what should be purely science-based decisions about listing imperiled species;
  • Depriving threatened species from automatically receiving protections from killing, trapping, and other forms of harm and commercial exploitation; and
  • Further imperiling endangered species by limiting what wildlife experts can look at in their reviews of federal activities.

The only winners in this proposal are exploitive industries – developers, oil companies, mining companies and the like.

Most Americans favor a strong ESA. This is greed and big money politics at their absolute worst.

Please take action today here

  1. USA: We’d love your help

As a loyal supporter of Defenders of Wildlife, we value your opinion.

Your commitment to our mission makes you a very important partner in the work that we do together – and your thoughts matter to us a great deal.

That’s why we’re asking for just a few minutes of your time to complete an online survey to help us redesign the Defenders.org website. Can you spare just a few moments?

Take the survey now: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=DLfCB_A3ZpXUV86qJD-Tng

Your input is invaluable as we consider improvements to our website. We want to redesign our site in a way that makes it easier for you to engage with Defenders in the way you want.

We realize you are extremely busy, so the survey should not take more than 10 minutes. This survey is also completely confidential.

And, as a special thank you, you’ll receive a 25% discount code here  to the Defenders of Wildlife Gift Center, which you can use toward adopting an animal or purchasing a Defenders t-shirt or other gear that helps fund our mission to protect and restore imperiled species.

Start the Defenders Website Redesign Survey here

From Salty Dog via Change.org (change@mail.change.org)

  1. USA: Trump and Zinke approve permits for Lion Trophies
  • Hunters who donate to Republicans given special permits to import lion trophies, report says
  • Original report here

The US Fish and Wildlife Service provided at least 33 Americans with permits to import 38 lion trophies between 2016 and 2018, according to copies of the applications received by the non-profit advocacy group Friends of Animals.

Those Americans include a major Republican fundraiser, a donor to Mr Trump’s presidential campaign and another donor who supports Republican candidates and committees.

The Fish and Wildlife Service released a statement defending the lion trophy import permits after they were first reported by HuffPost, saying “Legal, well-regulated hunting as part of a sound management program can benefit the conservation of certain species by providing incentives to local communities to conserve the species and by putting much-needed revenue back into conservation.”

An official with the Fish and Wildlife Service could not specify the number of permits from past years in an interview with The Independent, but suggested that there did not appear to be a significant increase in approved applications.

The report arrived as Mr. Trump’s White House continued efforts to roll back regulations on trophy imports and seemingly reduce the size and scope of federal conservation efforts.

The administration’s recently proposed changes to the implementation of the Endangered Species Act were met with swift backlash from conservation groups, who accused the White House of signing a “death sentence for polar bears.” The changes would significantly alter the way the government determines regions of protected land for endangered species, foregoing a practice of saving land where an animal species could be expected to live if its population were to return to normal levels.

Under Mr. Trump, the federal government has also changed the way it processes trophy import applications, agreeing to review each in a “case by case” basis. The government has also reversed bans on imports from African countries like Zambia and Zimbabwe, with the Fish and Wildlife Service claiming sport hunting in those regions would “enhance the survival of the species in the wild.”

Priscilla Feral, president of Friends of Animals, said in a statement that trophy hunting “must expire” in order to save certain species from extinction.

“If African wildlife is to survive the next few decades in their homelands, these elephants, lions and other animals ― coveted by hunters for their strength and beauty ― must be worth more alive than dead,” she said. “That means safeguarding habitat along with photographic safaris and ecotourism must outpace blood-drenched trophy hunting expeditions. Trophy hunting must expire and collapse from its own dead weight.”

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Wolves in the Pacific Northwest

Mixed-ancestry wolves are recolonizing the Pacific Northwest

In the early 20th century, wolves had been wiped out in Washington; they had fallen victim of bounty hunting to make space to expanding ranching and farming. But thanks to protection by the state and federal wildlife authorities, wolves over the past two decades have been reclaiming their former space, although new research has discovered a magnificent difference – the wolves now living and hunting in Washington’s forests are different from those that lived there more than a century ago. These new wolves are hybrids — crossbreeds of inland wolves from the interior United States and a unique, beach-loving subspecies from as far north as Southeast Alaska.

The researchers who have discovery this fact think that the hybrid wolves’ DNA could help them thrive in a changing landscape.

First it was thought that the wolf packs slowly re-colonizing not only Washington but also Oregon and California are descendants of wolves migrating west from the interior, the mountains, plains, and forests of Montana and Idaho. But the DNA analyses from wolves throughout the Pacific Northwest told a different story. Recent results show that some of the wolves have unique genetic markers that could have only come from the distinct coastal wolves of British Columbia and Southeast Alaska.

Coastal wolves differ from their interior cousins in a number of important ways. They don’t stalk large mammals such as elk through forests and fields, but spend much of their time on beaches, hunting salmon and marine mammals such as seals. Coastal wolves also look different; they are smaller and their fur has a red-brown tinge.

So far, the hybrid wolves are sticking to the lifestyle of their ancestors from the east, because they presently inhabitat a territory more suited for the live of interior wolves, but the researchers suspect that over time they’ll begin to establish in habitat that’s more suitable for coastal wolves. As the climate continues to change, it is furthermore suspected that the hybrid wolves’ genetic diversity will allow them to adapt better than if they just had genes from interior wolves.

Even without the benefits of genetic mixing, wolves are generally quite adaptable animals. In Yellowstone Park, for instance, wolves hunt prey as large as bison, because these wolves are much larger than those in surrounding regions, but their size is the consequence of a diet driven by learned behavior rather than genetics.

The finding also offers a life preserver of a sort to the coastal wolves of British Columbia and Alaska, whose populations are dwindling in many parts of their range. The hybrids may serve as a genetic reservoir, protecting some of the coastal wolves’ distinctive traits.

But while the hybrid wolf population may act as a reservoir, it also could cause problems in the case if the Alaskan coastal wolves became protected under the United States Endangered Species Act, because that would force wildlife managers in the Pacific Northwest to manage wolves that share genetic traits with federally protected animals. The Endangered Species Act doesn’t have a lot of language regarding how to deal with hybridization.

Still the researchers hope that their findings will inspire biologists and policymakers to focus on sorting out the unanswered legal question of what should be done when the ancestor of a hybrid animal is an endangered species and whether these mixed-lineage descendants should be protected as well or left vulnerable to hunting and habitat loss. They think that the hybrid wolves’ mixed heritage will be an asset as they continue to reclaim their species’ old haunts across the Pacific Northwest.

Excerpt from the article by Rebecca Heisman at 

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 152

To the Sky by Aimee Yuna

Raising his blood-stained muzzle to the sky, Phantom wondered how it would all turn out. His pack, full of worthy, strong wolves was falling apart. His mate sick, but soon to be well with pups on the way. Phantom gnashed his teeth and returned to his meal, ripping at the raw caribou flesh. His mate, Tanja strode up beside him gracefully, sweeping her silver streaked head under his ruff. Phantom flinched at her touch, then his golden yellow eyes stared down at her. How beautiful she was, her rime-silver fur, those doey brown eyes. She brushed by him and started eating at the caribou carcass. He opened his mouth in a wolf-grin. The rest of his pack, the seven other members, betas and omegas alike were together.

The yearlings of before there too. They stood, watching the two alphas share a meal, waiting as the snow began to fall. The snow peppered the sky, falling to the ground, covering it in white velvet.

As the two mates finished their feast, the other wolves closed in. Licking her chops, Tanja walked away from the carcass. She walked away and flicked her tail at Phantom’s nose. She sat at the edge of the forest. Phantom looked up at the approaching wolves. He watched them, stepping away from the kill, he recognized all the members of his pack. Jahotec, his strong and powerful beta. Brother, friend and fierce fighter. The icy white wolf walked towards the caribou and began to feast, sinking his teeth into the flank. Then came the two females, both a tawny red shade walking behind Jahotec, their names were Ryn and Riika. Riika brushed by her brother Kyo and ran to the feast. Then came the distempered ones. Lupa, Augen, Zai and of course, the Sero. Sero and his group were to overthrow the alpha. He knew … but how to change him?

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

Hooray, spring has arrived, eventually. The weather is sunny and warm, night temperatures are bearable again and Nature has started to awake from hibernation. I just love this time of the year when everything comes back to life, looking fresh and renewed. What’s still missing is the rain, but the rather strong winds we have at times are promising.

Unfortunately this also brings some not-so-nice things with it; the pack has started shedding the thick undercoat, very much to my dislike, because now the most commonly ingested fibre in our household is fluff. And that also means that it is time for spring cleaning – another type of work that I cannot really call my favourite, not to mention the garden that now needs lots of attention and watering in particular.

While I don’t mind the watering too much, going after the weeds, loosening the soil and preparing it for seeding and planting is another fish to fry. Surely I have help from the gardeners when it comes to heavy work, but how much can they manage in just one day per week? I have already visited some nurseries and the big table behind the house is full with new plants so I guess I have no choice but to shake off the winter blues and get going.

The biggest problem I have in the moment is that our pack loves to “help” me with the gardening; they think because I seem to have so much fun digging holes for the new plants they must make sure that I’m not running out of fun by digging the newly planted plants out so that I can plant them again (if there is enough of the plants left that’s worth re-planting). I therefore have to either find spots for them where the furry kids have no access to, or I have to put up temporary fencing around the new flower beds to prevent them from getting in there. I have already tried any trick in the books like wearing gloves when planting to prevent the smell of my hands becoming an attraction for digging, spraying pepper or vinegar around the new plants to make that area smell bad to their noses, but so far nothing has worked. I know that it will get worse when the first rain comes – and the little creepy crawlies deep in the ground wake up and come closer to the surface the kids will stand with their noses close to the ground, moving their heads and ears at high alert from side to side, listening attentively to what’s going on underground. Then, with a sudden leap (like foxes do) they will attack the spot and dig as if there would be no tomorrow to get whatever is moving about down there. And that not only in flower beds but also in the middle of the lawn. Sometimes it’s so bad that I fear I have to put up warning signs for pot holes in the lawn for potential burglars that could step into one during the night, break a leg and then sue us for causing them bodily harm. I don’t know if that’s at all possible here in SA, but it has happened in the US.

Springtime also means that Ascar II thinks he has to re-establish his position as alpha, spending most of the day with his nose tucked under Taima’s tail (I always wonder what he thinks he can smell there since she is spayed) and making it clear to Kajack II that he is boss. I think that’s called “spring feelings”.

Will be continued…

Volume 13, Issue 165, July 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 165, July 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

It’s still way too cold for me up here on the Highveld!

The battle of pro-nature civilians against their anti-nature leaders continues in the US. Isn’t it depressing to realize that those who are elected to act in your interest will often do the exact opposite once they are in power? But then again, if dullards constitute the majority, even if only by a small margin, you just can’t win. And this is what bipedalists like the Horror Clown can and do count on. Just read what his administration has in mind for the last 40 Red Wolves, and basically all wildlife, and try not to puke.

On the home front, it was with great shock when we learnt that there had been another brutal attack on a game farm’s big cats. There seems to be a syndicate at work here, and it wouldn’t at all surprise me if some impotent East Asians were behind it, making use of the virtually inexhaustible supply of unscrupulous criminals we have in our wonderful country. Find the short write-up in the News section under Other News, National.

We have an update on the wolves in California this month, which makes for interesting reading. We also have another wolf tale. What we don’t have this month is news from Erin, but then again, her fingers are as stiffly frozen as are mine.

That’s why I keep it short this time.

Till next month,

Ed.

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:

Wolves in a Changing World

October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.

Register now

Location & Lodging:

Minneapolis Marriott Northwest

7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428

Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more here

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs here:

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long!  The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12.  All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.
SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Spring Break Camp 
SPRING SESSION: APRIL 3 – 6
For children entering grades 3 – 5  ​
Time: 9AM – 3PM
Fee: $300 per child for the 4-day program (Tuesday – Friday)
Information & registration HERE

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the centre home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration here

Summer Internships for College Students

The Wolf Conservation Center is pleased to offer summer environmental education internship opportunities for college students! The environmental education internship is designed to expose interns to the field of conservation education and wildlife biology. Interns conduct a variety of education programs and assist with the daily operations of the WCC.

Information here

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone here

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!
SUMMER FAMILY ADVENTURE August 5 – 10, 2018 here
FALL WILDLIFE ADVENTURE: September 8 – 13, 2018 here

News from the Wolf Front

National

From the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary (Frans Badenhorst, wolfrescuesa@gmail.com)

HuskyRomi Newsletter June 2018

From the sanctuary

Life goes on out here, nothing much changes. We’ve had a volunteer Kim Dijkman from Holland out here helping in a big way over the last six weeks; she left us on the 3rd of July but has promised to come back from mid-August for another six weeks. Kim has taken on a few responsibilities around here, cleaning up around the containers, which was becoming a bit of an eye sore. She has also put a lot of effort into getting the volunteers room ready; we have purchased two double bunk beds, one mattress and three to follow as we can afford them.

Niska and her eight puppies are doing very well. The pups are adorable, pictures can’t even describe them, they are little characters each in their own right.

We’ve been going for well over ten years now and a lot of our original fencing is sagging; we are not asking you for money but we do need a lot of funding. One idea is five hundred people donating R50 a month – what can fifty Rand buy you nowadays, but there’s a lot that we could do with twenty five thousand Rand every month.

News from the Shire

Winter’s got us in our grip and I think a lot of us can’t wait for summer. Luckily we had a very nice sunny day at Fantasy Fayre.

What a truly amazing day! Alter Egos -Meryl & Dayle, really went all out again and a huge thank you to them for inviting HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary to be a part of this magical day! We enjoyed every moment and such a bunch of happy people that attended the Fayre.

Thank you to each and everyone who stopped at our stall to learn more and to support the sanctuary. Special thanks to Francois & Laurika for the help in setting up, Frans who delivered some new goodies, Debbie for bringing her soaps, Retha and Carlien for the visit and ongoing support, Mariska who stopped by to learn more and ended up spending a few hours helping out, Ryan & Bryan for being “wolves” for the day, Draco for giving all his treat donations to the sanctuary, Dianna for bringing Skylar/Boy and Silver for a visit and of course Jacques for always supporting. Some photos taken on the day. Hope to see you at the next event!

I finally received a photo of the winner of the Air Brush raffle from Geekfest 2017. Congratulations Mark! Looks like it found the perfect spot.

Finally decided to give a Rockwood Fundraiser another try (same as Barnyard). We are planning it for the 12th of September for the Jukebox Hits show. More details and how to get your tickets in next month newsletter.

If you have any ideas or donations for the markets please get in touch with me.

Till next month!

Nolia

Remember the different ways to get involved and to make a difference:

  1. Making a donation directly into the bank account

HuskyRomi Rescue and Wolf Sanctuary

First National Bank

Account : 62296463989

Branch : 230833

Cheque Acc

Ref: Donation / Your name

  1. Making use of the SMS line and donating R10 per SMS on all SA Networks

SMS “Donate HuskyRomi” to 48748

  1. Adding HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary as a beneficiary on your My School / My

Village/My Planet card (Remember you can have up to three beneficiaries)

Or SIGN UP FOR A MYSCHOOL CARD and make HuskyRomi Wolf

Sanctuary your charity of choice. You will be donating indirectly to

HuskyRomi without spending an extra cent, when you purchase at

Woolworths/Engen etc. Please take a moment to register a card

at https://www.myschool.co.za/supporter/apply/

Contact Nolia on FB, email to nolia@pentasure.ws or message to 0726221764 for any further assistance.

  1. By paying the entrance fee when you visit the sanctuary as well as buying

souvenirs at the different events throughout the year

  1. Virtual adopt / Sponsor an animal of your choice. There are different options

available so contact Frans if you would like to make a fix monthly donation

to an animal of your choice. You will also receive a certificate with a photo of

the animal that you chose to sponsor.

More from the sanctuary

We are always living on the cheap out here, our pick-up blew the motor and we found a 2nd hand engine, it runs but burns a lot of smoke/oil and we’re not sure how long she will last.

We’ve had three bad injuries out here, every one of them was life

threatening but the three animals have pulled through. Two of them were

due to old fencing that should be replaced or at least reinforced, we do

our best with what we have.

Sky is a beautiful wolf who lives down at the house, he is one of many

wolves who don’t have a sponsor, just look at that face, he makes James

Dean look ugly.

Well until next time, keep howling

Larry

Check out the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary’s Facebook page for more information here: https://web.facebook.com/huskyromi/?rdc=1&rdr . If you wish to subscribe to HuskyRomi’s monthly newsletter, mail Frans Badenhorst at wolfrescuesa@gmail.com and have yourself added to the mailing list. It’s FREE!

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: Wolves and other wildlife – beware!

The Trump administration is a who’s who of climate change-denying oil and gas boosters and special interests. And, extremists in Congress are embarking on a ruthless campaign to turn the clock back on wildlife protection.

I won’t lie. Animals will die in alarming numbers if the extremists get their way.

I know you share my love for wildlife. And you’ve been an important ally in protecting wolves, grizzlies and other wild things we love.

That’s why I implore you to take another step today and become a monthly donor to Defenders of Wildlife here

We know that President Trump views all things as resources to be exploited. And the ideologues and the oil barons he has named to his cabinet have their own agendas.

As a monthly sustainer, your support provides a steady, reliable source of contributions as we fight habitat loss and threats to wildlife.

  • What will happen to wolves in the lower 48 when stripped of all Endangered Species Act protection?
  • What will happen to dwindling African elephant populations when the doors are thrown open for importing illegal ivory?
  • What will happen to polar bears and other animals when the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and other precious wild habitats are opened for drilling, fracking and mining?

These are real threats, just some of the many we are sure to face in the months and years ahead.

Above all, your monthly donation will give us the resources we need to defend wildlife from the mounting threats they face. Become a monthly donor here

Not everyone shares the commitment to wildlife that you and I do. This is the moment when those of who care must do everything possible.

We can’t do this without you.

  1. USA: Take emergency action to save red wolves

Catastrophic.

No other word comes close to describing the impact on critically endangered red wolves if this appalling proposal goes through.

Defying all logic, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) is proposing a 90 percent reduction in the land available for red wolf recovery in eastern North Carolina. This area supports the last wild population of red wolves. And worse, the proposal would allow private landowners free reign to shoot any red wolves that wander across their property.

If this proposal goes into effect, it will be a death sentence for America’s most endangered wolf.

URGENT – this proposal is an outrage – tell FWS to do their job and save red wolves here  http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=mwl5itrCH1tAqluLQUU-Zg

Fewer than 40 red wolves cling to survival in the wild. If this proposed rule goes into effect, there will barely be room for 15 animals in the tiny patch of habitat that remains.  Protect the Red Wolf: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=-GOQYF5r6926s55GsdTF8A

In what was once a model recovery program, FWS reintroduced red wolves in North Carolina in 1987 – just seven years after they were declared extinct in the wild. As a result, the wild population of red wolves rebounded to nearly 150 individuals!

But after years of yielding to pressure from a vocal minority seeking to end the recovery of red wolves in the wild, FWS failed to follow through on its commitment to restore red wolves and is now proposing a rule that would certainly lead to their extinction in the wild!

But there’s still time to stop this!

FWS is accepting comments until July 30th – so please – take a moment and speak out for red wolves today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=gSbE9Dj42HMv8odh2L4yIw

Thanks for all you do.

  1. USA: Keep up the fight for lobos!

Here’s the heartbreaking truth:

Mexican gray wolves are the most endangered gray wolves in the world and unless more of them are released into the wild, they are doomed to go extinct.

At the end of 2015 there were an estimated 97 Mexican gray wolves remaining in the wild. And just this week, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) confirmed that 14 Mexican gray wolf deaths were documented last year, marking the most in any single year since the federal government began reintroducing them in New Mexico and Arizona in 1998.

It’s critical that we make it clear to the Trump administration that we’re not backing down from Mexican gray wolf recovery!

Please, take action today. We must let the Trump administration know that Mexican gray wolf recovery is a top priority: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=dneqdCO6fShHN–kfp3GDw

Please, tell the Trump administration that more Mexican gray wolves MUST be released!

It’s been 40 years since the Mexican gray wolf, or “lobo,” was first listed under the Endangered Species Act. Since the lobo reintroduction program began in the late 1990s, FWS has never released enough wolves from captivity. In fact, from 2008 through 2015, only five new wolves were released into the wild.

Please take action for Mexican Gray Wolves: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=A-BpUwmEbxdg53kHIQJ88Q

These wolves are running out of time. It’s up to you and me to protect their future in the wild.

Thank you for all you do.

4. USA: Fighting for Alaska predators, red wolves and the Arctic refuge

Help Protect Alaska’s Wolf Pups and Bear Cubs

The National Park Service (NPS) has proposed lifting a ban on extreme killing methods on Park Service lands in Alaska. If the ban is removed, wolves, bears and other predators will be vulnerable to appalling and cruel killing methods that most people strongly oppose. If the Park Service follows through on its plan, it will be legal to kill wolves and pups and mother bears and their cubs in their dens. Please act now to help prevent this from happening here

Disaster for Red Wolves

Defying all logic, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) is proposing a 90 percent reduction in the land available for red wolf recovery in eastern North Carolina – the area that supports the last wild population of red wolves. Learn more here

  1. USA: A Death Sentence for Red Wolves

The federal government seems bent on destroying what began as one of our nation’s greatest wildlife comeback stories.

As a result, red wolves are all but certain to go extinct in the wild – again.

You and I can’t let what began as such a success story end on such a heartbreaking and tragic note. This is a 100% preventable extinction.

Say ‘hell no’ to the red wolf extinction plan. Help us fight for the wildlife you love here

Last month the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service proposed to cripple the red wolf recovery program by:

  • Reducing the recovery area in Eastern North Carolina by nearly 90% – leaving barely enough room for a single wolf pack.
  • Allowing any wolf wandering outside the cramped confines of the Refuge to be gunned down, no questions asked.

Thomas, 30 years ago when the red wolf recovery effort launched it was destined to become a model for recovery of wolves across the U.S. The once nearly extinct population took root and grew to 150 wolves. But ever since anti-wolf extremists mounted an anti-wolf campaign, numbers have fallen.

Fewer than 40 red wolves cling to survival in the wild – won’t you help us fight for them? http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=xd0fBsSppIqx7LcH3iuFlQ

Red wolves, native to Eastern North Carolina, are a key part of our natural heritage. In our not so distant past, these animals ranged from Florida to Pennsylvania and as far west as Texas. There are no words for how tragic it would be to see them disappear forever.

Your donation will help fuel our all-out effort to rescue the red wolf from oblivion. You’ll help fund public outreach efforts in North Carolina, build community support for wolf conservation, and help us hold Fish and Wildlife Service’s feet to the fire, including legal action if necessary.

Stop the extinction of the Red Wolf: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=jWgKF7nsp5OjaPbNiCRtiQ

The story isn’t over. With your help, we’ll get the happy ending we have sought for three decades. It’s the happy ending these wolves deserve. Are you with us?

Please give generously today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=bMrR2oq8YvYAP-lcgAcf2g

Thank you in advance for your help.

 

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Wolfsschutz Deutschland on Facebook here

  • Background information regarding the biting incident in Poland – How you can help
  • I am sure you have already heard about the incident in southeastern Poland where a wolf is believed to have attacked two children and a woman. The animal was shot dead, and the media had a field day with facts again not playing a role. There were even voices demanding the killing of the whole Polish and German wolf population. Now it turns out that the supposed wild wolf could also have been a wolf-dog that was kept in a kennel.
  • The hunt for the wolf must end and the media must eventually accept their responsibility of a neural and factual coverage of the topic wolf. It seems that many publishing houses and broadcasting corporations only focus on the wolf and are eagerly waiting for a wolf to do something, which he, according to their opinion (which is the opinion of many lobbyists and politicians), should not have done. But the incident in Poland also shows that often the humans are the guilty ones, provoking such incidents through wrong behavior and egotism. There is no valid reason for keeping a wolf as a pet and then to wonder why they lose their shyness of humans. To lock a wild animal up is animal abuse.
    Again a wolf had to pay with his life for human stupidity. Research has become a foreign word to many journalists, and one-sided reporting has priority. This is a dangerous development in the media world that can only be balanced with continuous disproof of intentional fake news.
  • Here you can read about the background and watch a video with the shot animal:
  • And here an open letter from us to the Stuttgarter Zeitung (Stuttgart newspaper).
  • To finish a project, initiated by our member, Volker Vogel, that is supposed to become the counterpart to such nationalistically reports, we still need to collect Euro 15.000; we already got 1/3 of the money needed from donations. Please help us to achieve this project, which is very close to our hearts, by donating any amount to this fund.
  • In addition to this we have started anti-poaching patrols in eastern Saxony. Like the Black Mambas in Africa we also want to achieve that our presence at all possible day and night times contributes to the poachers not feeling safe anymore. We are a small association with no help from the state and depend on donations. Here you can donate:
  • Berliner Sparkasse
    IBAN DE79 1005 0000 0190 7118 84
    BIC BELADEBEXXX orvia Paypal:
    http://wolfsschutz-deutschland.de/spenden-2/

From Change.org (Heather L. via Change.org; change@mail.change.org)

USA: Does the 2019 Appropriations Bill Target the Mexican Gray Wolf?

The 2019 Interior and Environment Appropriations Bill was approved by the House Appropriations Committee today, and unfortunately it targets the Gray Wolf. Specifically, Section 117 would require the USFWS to delist the Gray Wolf nationwide. But included within Section 117 is Subsection 2, which states:
“Shall not affect the inclusion of the subspecies classified as the Mexican gray wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) of the species gray wolf (Canis lupus) in such list.”

What in the world does this mean? Does it mean that the Mexican Gray Wolf will be excluded from the delisting? Or does it mean that the separate listing of the Mexican Gray Wolf is to be disregarded and the subspecies included within the delisting? If anyone understands legal speech and can interpret this for the rest of us, then that would be highly appreciated!

In any case, we must keep an eye on that rider and fight to remove it from the bill! If you live in the USA, then please write to your Congress representatives and tell them to ensure that this dangerous rider does not make it into the passed bill! The fate of the Mexican Gray Wolf might depend on it!

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – May 1-31, 2018

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at www.azgfd.gov/wolf  or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf.  For information on the FAIR call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit www.wmatoutdoor.org.

Past updates may be viewed on these websites. Interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically by visiting www.azgfd.com  and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AZGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH.

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: the Alpine wolf office at (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office at (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 388-4385 ext. 226. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

On May 23, Judge Zipps of the United States District Court for the District of Arizona held a hearing in the 10(j) case to discuss both parties’ responses to the Court’s March 30, 2018 order.  An order following this hearing is pending.

On May 31, 2018 the USFWS published in the Federal Register its intent to conduct a 5-year status review under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended, of 38 animal and plant species.  The Mexican wolf is included as one of the species under review. Section 4(c) (2) (A) of the Endangered Species Act requires the USFWS to review each listed species’ status at least once every 5 years.  A 5-year status review is based on the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review; therefore, the USFWS is requesting submission of any such information that has become available since the last review for each of the 38 species.  Please see the Federal Register notice for more information here.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) are used to indicate wolves younger than 24 months.  A lower case letter “p” preceding the number is used to indicate a wolf pup born in the most recent spring. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. Studbook numbers listed in the monthly update denote wolves with functioning radio collars. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

The IFT completed the annual year-end population survey which started November 1, 2017 and concluded with helicopter count and capture operations conducted from January 24, 2018 through February 3, 2018.  The year-end minimum population count for 2017 was 114 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico. Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups).  Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.  At the end of May, there were 73 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, M1676, and f1683)

In May, the IFT documented the Bear Wallow Pack in their traditional territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF).  Some individuals were occasionally documented on the SCAR. Yearling f1683 and M1676 were documented travelling with AM1338.  AF1335 was found dead in May.  The incident is under investigation.

Bluestem Pack (collared f1686)

In May, the IFT documented the Bluestem Pack in the pack’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. Yearling f1686 exhibited behaviour and movements suggesting that that animal may be dispersing.  The IFT initiated a diversionary food cache in a proactive effort intended to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, f1668, and m1671)

In May, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The IFT maintained a supplemental food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort and to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Elk Horn Pack continued to display behaviour in May consistent with denning.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, m1666, m1677, and m1681)

In May, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce potential for conflict.  The Hoodoo Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory during May.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AM1382)

In May, the IFT documented the Panther Creek Pack in their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  AF1339 was found dead in May.  The incident is under investigation.  After the mortality, AM1382 was documented travelling alone.  Sub-adult m1574 continued to travel alone and is now considered a single animal.  At the end of May, the pack consisted of only AM1382.

Pine Spring Pack (collared AF1562 and AM1394)

In May, the Pine Spring Pack was located within their territory in the north central portion of the ASNF.  The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pair to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Pine Spring Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their territory during May.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared AF1488 and AM1471)

In May, the IFT documented the Prime Canyon Pack travelling within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  AF1488 exhibited behaviour and movements consistent with denning.  The IFT initiated a diversionary food cache for this pack in a proactive attempt to reduce the potential for conflict near residences.

Saffel Pack (collared AM1441, AF1567, m1661, and m1680)

In May, the Saffel Pack was located in their territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The Saffel Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory during May.

Sierra Blanca Pack (collared M1571 and F1550)

In May, F1550 of the Hoodoo Pack had localized in the east central portion of the ASNF and has been consistently documented travelling with M1571 formerly of the Diamond Pack.

Single collared M1477

In May, the IFT documented M1477 in the east central portion of the ASNF.  This animal has continued to travel with an uncollared wolf.  They are now considered a pack and will be given a pack name in June.

Single collared F1489

In May, the IFT documented F1489 travelling in the north and east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared M1574

In May, the IFT documented M1574 travelling in the east central portion of the ASNF.

ON THE FAIR:

Baldy Pack (collared AM1347, F1560, and m1672)

In May, the Baldy Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR and the north central portion of the ASNF.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In May, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.  They were documented as having produced pups.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343, AF1283, and f1674)

In May, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

Tu dil hil Pack (collared M1559 and F1679)

In May, the Tu dil hil Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Copper Creek Pack

During May, the Copper Creek Pack was not located.  Currently there are no functioning collars in this pack.  Single M1673 was documented travelling within the Copper Creek territory in May.  The IFT is monitoring M1673 to determine if it is travelling with the Copper Creek Pack.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared AF1456 and AM1354)

During May, the Dark Canyon Pack was documented travelling together within their traditional territory, in the west central portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF).  In May, the IFT, cross-fostered two wild-born pups (one taken from the Iron Creek Pack and one taken from the Lava Pack) into the Dark Canyon den subsequent to cross-foster events of genetically valuable pups from captivity into both the Iron Creek and Lava Packs.  One pup from each den was removed during the cross-foster to reduce the litter size in an effort to increase chance of survival for the captive born pups.

Datil Mountain Pack (collared M1453 and F1685)

During May, the Datil Mountain Pack continued to travel in the western portion of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).  The Datil Mountain Pack showed signs of denning in early May, however, leading into mid-late May behaviour was no longer consistent with denning.

Frieborn Pack (collared AF1443 and AM1447)

In May, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in New Mexico and Arizona.  The IFT maintained a food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort and to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Frieborn Pack continued to exhibit behaviour and movements consistent with denning.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038 and F1473)

During May, the Hawks Nest Pack continued to travel in the north central portion of the GNF. The pair is now considered the Hawks Nest Pack.  The Hawks Nest Pack showed signs of denning in April, however, leading into mid-May they have failed to show behaviour consistent with denning.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During May, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.  The IFT cross-fostered two pups from the Endangered Wolf Center into the Iron Creek den in May.  One wild born pup was removed to reduce litter size and increase the chance of survival of the genetically valuable pups.  The Iron Creek pup was subsequently cross-fostered into the Dark Canyon Pack den.

Lava Pack (collared AF1405 and AM1285)

During May, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south-eastern portion of the GNF.  The IFT cross-fostered two pups from the Endangered Wolf Center into the Lava den in May.  One wild born pup was removed to reduce litter size and increase the chance of survival of the genetically valuable pups.  The Lava pup was subsequently cross-fostered into the Dark Canyon pack den.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293 and AF1346)

During May, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158, AF1487, and fp1684)

During May, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT maintained a food cache for the Luna Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and f1664)

During May the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north-western portion of the GNF.  The Mangas Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for the Mangas Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict. The IFT captured, collared and released a previously uncollared juvenile female wolf (f1705).

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, F1565, m1669, and m1678)

During May, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT documented a minimum of 2 pups with the Prieto Pack.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and f1578)

During May, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT documented behaviour consistent with denning for the San Mateo Pack in late April and documented a minimum of 6 pups in May.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, AF1553, mp1667, and fp1682)

During May, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  AM1284, mp1667 and fp1682 were not located in May.

Single collared AM1155

During May, AM1155 of the old Morgart’s Pack was not located by the IFT.

Single collared M1486

During May, M1486 travelled throughout the northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared M1561

During May, M1561 was captured by the IFT north of I-40 in Arizona and translocated back into its natal pack territory in NM.  M1561 has remained in NM since the translocation.

Single collared M1673

During May, M1673 travelled throughout the southern portion of the GNF, largely within the Copper Creek Pack territory.

MORTALITIES

In May, AF1335 of the Bear Wallow Pack and AF1339 of the Panther Creek Pack were located dead in Arizona.  Both mortalities are under investigation.   From January 1, 2018 to May 31, 2018 there have been a total of 6 documented wolf mortalities.

INCIDENTS

During the month of May, there were 14 confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock. There were 5 nuisance incidents investigated in May.  From January 1 to May 31, 2018 there have been a total of 39 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in New Mexico and 17 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in Arizona.

On May 6 and 11, the IFT investigated reports of two elk killed by wolves in Alpine.  The IFT investigated and determined both elk were killed by wolves from the Prime Canyon Pack.  On May 12, an elk was killed in Nutrioso by wolves from the Elk Horn Pack.  There were no interactions between humans and wolves during any of these incidents.  All elk carcasses were removed from private lands.  Concentrations of elk feeding in pasture land in these communities have remained high during this spring due to the forage in the wet meadows as compared with dry conditions on the adjacent ASNF.  The IFT encourages all residents to report any wolf sightings in proximity to residences by calling the phone number listed above.  The IFT continued active hazing efforts of wolves in these areas and maintaining diversionary food caches to disrupt documented patterns of wolves regularly using areas inhabited by humans.  At the time this report was prepared, there have been no additional reports of elk killed by wolves in either of these communities.

On May 8, the IFT investigated a report of an interaction between a wolf and a dog at a residence in Alpine that reportedly had to be broken up by the owner of the dog.  The report was determined to be unfounded.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the bull was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 15, Wildlife Services investigated an injured calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the injured calf was confirmed wolf.

On May 15, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 22, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 22, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 23, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 23, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 24, the IFT received a report from a turkey hunter who observed a collared wolf from his camp on national forest near Hannagan Meadow three times during a three hour period on May 21, 2018.  The hunter reported that in the early morning hours he first saw the wolf at a distance of approximately 150 yards away from the camp.  The wolf left, then returned 30 minutes later and was observed approximately 25 yards from the camp. The wolf left the area on its own, then returned a third time and was observed approximately 40 yards away around 9:00AM.  During this interaction the hunter never yelled or did anything to scare the wolf away.  The hunter was alone at the camp and there were no dogs present in camp.  The hunter indicated there was food present at the camp but he was not cooking at the time the wolf was observed.  The IFT confirmed this interaction involved a collared Mexican wolf from photographs taken during the incident.

On May 25, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was killed by a bear.

On May 26, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by coyotes.

On May 27, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 28, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 29, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 29, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 30, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was killed by a bear.

On May 30, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation concluded the cause of death was unknown.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On May 2, USFWS presented to various tribes at the New Mexico Tribal Fish, Wildlife, and ESA Conservation Meeting.

On May 8, WMAT presented to the Boys and Girls Club in Whiteriver, AZ

On May 8, WMAT presented to WMAT Forestry Department in Canyon Day, AZ.

On May 10, WMAT presented to the Boys and Girls Club in Whiteriver, AZ

On May 16, the IFT gave a presentation on Mexican wolf biology, management and reintroduction efforts to a group of 6th grade children from Winslow, AZ at their annual camping trip on the ASNF.

On May 17, the Mexican Wolf/Livestock Council met in Springerville, AZ.

On May 24, WMAT presented at Whiteriver Elementary in Whiteriver, AZ.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

There are no project personnel updates for the month of May.

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at (505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

From Endangered Species Coalition (action@endangered.org)

USA: Trump Administration proposal to allow killing of endangered wolves

Red wolves are found only in America. They are one of the country’s most endangered species. There are as few as 30 of them left in the wild. The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS) should be redoubling its efforts to save them from extinction. Instead, they announced last week that the agency would if they wander out of the one wildlife refuge they’ve got.

Fight Ryan Zinke’s attack on critically-endangered red wolves with an emergency donation today here

The USFWS’ proposal would remove all but 10 to 15 wolves from the wild and limit their recovery area (the habitat they can safely traverse) by a staggering 90 percent. Wolves that cross these invisible boundaries could be killed without any consequences. The killers wouldn’t even have to pick up the phone to let USFWS know.

This is a betrayal of conservation and the Endangered Species Act. Help fight it with an emergency donation today here

The USFWS had multiple, scientifically sound options that biologists recommended. Instead of accepting these, Secretary Ryan Zinke and his political appointees chose to pursue the intentional extinction of red wolves. We won’t let him abandon these critically endangered wolves without a fight and neither should you. Please support our work to save the last of these critically-endangered wolves with a 100% tax deductible donation today here 

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

  1. USA: Send USFWS an email to help stop Zinke’s disastrous red wolf plan

Red wolves are under the greatest threat they have faced in decades and it is at the hands of the agency in charge of preventing their extinction.

Take action to stop this plan when you submit your comment today to protect endangered red wolves here educe the recovery area for critically endangered red wolves by 90 percent and remove nearly all of the remaining 30 red wolves from the wild.

On top of that, they will now allow poachers or anyone with a gun to kill these wolves if they cross an invisible line and wander outside of the recovery area. The USFWS does not even require that the poacher notify them. Their plan is a disaster and will almost certainly cause these wolves to become extinct in the wild.

The USFWS is accepting public comments on this revised plan through July 30th. Please submit your comment opposing this betrayal of endangered wolves and the Endangered Species Act today.

Scientists and wolf experts within the government presented the USFWS leadership with multiple scientifically-sound options to bring these wolves back. Instead of considering plans that would have increased the recovery zone or brought more captive-bred wolves into the wild where they can bolster those populations, Ryan Zinke and his political appointees raised the white flag of surrender and are walking away from their responsibilities under the Endangered Species Act.

You can help. Add your comment to the record opposing this outlandish plan to show Zinke that the public is not with him and that you see him here

The deadline to submit your public comment is July 30th. Our action page here USFWS’s system. Please submit your comment today here

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

Other News

National

From IOL News (https://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/limpopo/cops-launch-manhunt-after-gruesome-discovery-of-six-slain-lions-15777528)

  • Limpopo Province: Cops launch manhunt after gruesome discovery of six slain lions

On Sunday Limpopo police announced that the police in Rust De Winter in the Bela-Bela policing cluster have launched a manhunt for unknown suspects who killed six lions at a local game farm.

“It is alleged that an employee at the farm was on his way to work when he noticed bloodstains on the farm, followed by the gruesome discovery of four lions dead with their heads and paws chopped off. The other two lions were also dead but with no missing body parts,” Colonel Moatshe Ngoepe said.

Preliminary police investigations indicated that the lions might have been poisoned, and a pair of trousers with blood stains and takkies were also found at the scene. The suspects in this matter were unknown and no arrests had yet been made, Ngoepe said.

Anyone with information about the suspects involved should contact Colonel Alpheus Mokale at 082-565-6524, or the crime stop number 08600-10111 or the crime line sms 32211, or the nearest police station.

Next Door

From Johnny Rodrigues (newsletter@zimconservationtaskforce.com)

ZCTF Update – April 20th Newsletter

Zimbabwe lost approximately 750 elephants to cyanide poisoning along the SAVE River in the south eastern part of the country. Poisoning elephants results in a significant secondary loss of carnivores, vultures, and other species of birds and animals. The authorities have NOT managed to control or stop the use of poison, especially cyanide.  The poisoning of elephants occurred far too often for at least three to four years.  The damage being done to animals and their habitats will not be recoverable.

The Government Ministers, Military Officers, Prison Service Officers and other VIPs are lining their pockets with monies derived from poached ivory and game skins.  These individuals are thought to engage in these activities due to the possibility that

ZANU- PF might lose the elections in August. The Government does not appear to enforce the laws or the Wildlife Act as the practice of profiting from poached ivory and animals is so widespread.  It seems to be a “free for all.”

One solution would be for all Ministers and individuals in high positions to declare their assets and the manner in which they obtained their wealth.  For those who decline to declare their assets, an investigation into their financial dealings should commence. Corruption appears to run deep. Assets from individuals who cannot explain their fortunes should be frozen until an investigation is completed and they are cleared from wrongdoing.

The Ministers and/or their families who have camps near Safari areas or Wildlife Parks seem to be benefiting from the influx of trophy hunters from South Africa.  Monies gleaned from these hunters from hunting quotas and license permits seems questionable. This practice appears to be happening all over the country with no apparent controls in place.

Zimbabwe continues to export her treasured wildlife. They recently exported crocodiles, elephants and other wildlife to zoos in Dubai and China.

See our  new ZCTF Video –  Click Here To Watch

URGENT

We are in urgent need of donations in order to continue our work. If you can and wish to make a donation – please respond to this email with the subject line “I WISH TO MAKE A HELP ZCTF” and we will send instructions. Thank you and God Bless.

International

Nothing to report.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Wolves in CaliforniaBorn to be wild; gray wolf follows her father OR-7’s paw steps

A two-year-old gray wolf believed to be the offspring of the famed OR-7 was tracked on Friday to the Truckee area in Nevada County, not too far from Lake Tahoe, but it was only just a short visit.

California Department of Fish and Wildlife officials said the gray wolf, known as OR-54, has since returned to neighboring Sierra County. Still, her trip to Nevada County was the first known visit of a gray wolf to the region, the farthest south, since the early 1900s. And where she turns up next is anybody’s guess.

Although it’s not known what is motivating her journey, she could be in search for a mate or is being driven by the availability of food, or she was just born to be wild and has the itch to be out on her own and explore region’s unknown to her.

The female gray wolf, which was collared last fall, was located late last week about a mile and a half from Interstate 80 near Boreal Mountain, which means she travelled  at least 638 miles through five California counties.

It’s believed the gray wolf is one of OR-7’s daughters and has been generally covering a lot of the same territory her father did in 2011 through 2013.

OR-7, the first gray wolf in California since 1924, was first spotted in the North State in December 2011. He eventually settled back in southern Oregon, where he and a female gray wolf established what’s called the Rogue Pack and have raised litters every year since 2014. Since his travels, other wolves have since been found in California, some of which are from OR-7’s pack.

Another collared wolf from Oregon, known as  OR-44, has been found in eastern Siskiyou County, but he is not related to OR-7 or his offspring. And his movements have been difficult to track because his collar has battery problems.

News of OR-54’s travels throughout Northern California was met with delight by officials from the Tucson, Arizona-based and nonprofit Center for Biological Diversity.

“That’s tremendously exciting news for wolves in California,” Amaroq Weiss, its West Coast wolf advocate, said in a written statement. “This wolf who followed her famous father’s footsteps into California is now making history of her own, exploring beyond where he traveled into great wolf habitat in the Sierras.”

Original article by Jim Schultz here

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 151

Awakening of the White Wolf

by Bryan Jones

He rises from his long slumber.

Much time has passed since he has walked in her light but a voice he remembers from a time ago is like a song to his ears and has awoken him from his deep sleep.

Although it has been many years he can still recall the short time they were together and it saddens his heart that he slept so long and almost forgot the spirit inside of him but he does not weep for he is also glad to be awake once more.

As he emerges from where he has slept and stretches his tired muscles his senses become sharper and he greets the coming evening with a renewed energy and sees again with his eyes the world before him.

He begins to move through the wild and a hunger starts in his belly for it has been a long time since he has enjoyed her company and knows only one way to satisfy his growing hunger.

Once more the hunter inside him arises.

As his journey begins he stops by a pool of water to quench his thirst.

While he is drinking he looks at his reflection and contemplates what he sees Although he is older his heart is still young and in his eyes you can still see the glint of the youth that wants to play and run through the country without a care in the world.

But you can also see the elder who has gained the wisdom that comes with age and is more careful as he travels in this life.

As he moves on his mind returns to his ever growing hunger and he must begin his hunt, He travels on and soon comes to the top of a tall mountain and he searches for a sign to show him the way but as he looks out over the land he sees nothing to help him in his quest.

Above him as the clouds move in the night sky he sees what he is searching for.

Although she is far away he has traveled far before and as the sky clears and the stars emerge she shines brightly like a beacon in the night and he walks in her light once more.

The light of the Bright Moon.

And the White Wolf howls.

The White Wolf howls but there is no moon.

No longer does he yearn for the sight of her brightness in the night sky for its hold on him is no longer as strong as it once was.

He has found a new reason to lift his voice to the night. His howls now echo with a new song in his heart.

In his voice a song of a new found friend now fill the woods.

Although he travels alone most times and draws strength from his independence the chance meeting of kindred spirit has elated his soul.

Seldom in his travels does he meet another who understands his ways and has traveled along the same roads in life that he has journeyed over.

The ways of the wolf are strange to most but inside of her he sees that she also shares some of the same spirit he has in her own ways and is attracted to her because of it.

As they get to know each other better he sees in her a jumble of mixed emotions and knows that her mind and soul are troubled and wants to help her sprit mend.

He listens as she tells him of the obstacles that block her happiness. He hears her spirit yearn for a simpler life.

A life without problems brought about by others who want to bring her down and it saddens his heart to feel all the sadness in her life that she does not deserve to have.

He also listens as she tells him of good things in her life and sees how her eyes light up when she speaks of her son.

He feels the emotions of a proud mother come out of her and knows that his young spirit gives her strength in times of need.

He can also see within her the beautiful spirit that is the true soul within her and knows she deserves so much more happiness in her life and wants to help her find it.

As he rests and thinks to himself how he can help mend her broken spirit and bring more light to her soul his senses remind him to be careful.

In the past his willingness to help others has hurt him and he has learned to stay cautious and guard his feelings well.

While he contemplates his new friend’s dilemma he also senses more from her soul and it confuses him.

But it also intrigues his senses for he knows the future with this new friend can be a new adventure and he decides that he will take on this task because if he can help to brighten her spirit it will also strengthen his own spirit and be good for them both and that makes him glad.

Once again, the White Wolf howls

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

Nothing to report this month

Will be continued…

Volume 13, Issue 164, June 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 164, June 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

If you visit a nature reserve, no matter where in the world, and you pick up as much as a dead leaf to take home, legally speaking, you are committing a crime. If a government tries to promote the use of extreme methods to kill wildlife in national reserves to boost populations of game animals, it is called America first. And again it is Alaska where brain-dead politicians want to allow hunters to bait, trap and snare bears and wolves, kill their cubs in their dens, and shoot defenceless caribou from boats or from the banks as they swim across rivers – in protected areas, mind you. Yeah, I was almost expecting that democratically elected anti-wildlife criminals would come crawling from under their stones and try to further their ends, now that they only have to wave profit prognoses at their Führer.

Another matter very close to my heart, but much closer to home is the Wolf Sanctuary in Reitz in the Free State. If you haven’t been there yet, you may find it difficult to understand why, but if you have and have experienced the uncompromising passion with which rescued and abandoned wolves, wolfdogs, and huskies are cared for there in spite of everything, you will most certainly know what I am talking about. They need, and truly deserve, every bit of support they can get. If you are planning on travelling between Gauteng and KZN, in the next “crazy season” for example, I can only urge to take the “scenic route” via Frankfort, Bethlehem and Harrismith rather than the highways and stop over at Reitz. Your view of wolves and sanctuaries will never be the same afterwards, I promise!

Did you ever realize that most wolf-lovers are actually “cat people”? It doesn’t surprise me in the least, for I am a cat person, too. Wolves are just so much more like cats in their ways than like dogs. It therefore came as a terrible shock to Erin and me when we learnt what has happened at the newly reopened Jugomaro Predator Park in Limpopo. Our hearts really bleed for both the precious animals and the owners.

For a change, we have selected a werewolf and not a wolf tale for this newsletter, and I imagined the Horror Clown sitting at that campfire.

Erin tells how she tracked down a major source of food for our pack that had suddenly disappeared some two years back. In the end, it forced us to buy yet another chest freezer. You have to make hay as long as sun shines, so they say. And while the sun shines from a bright blue sky today, it is bitterly cold up here. I am simply not made for winter.

If you have read it, please post a review of my book, A Houseful Headful of Wolves (German edition: Das Haus Den Kopf voller Wölfe), by following the link on SAFOW’s Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/safhowl) or directly at http://safow.org/book-review/ . It can be as short or long as you wish, in English or German, and you can remain completely anonymous. I really love to know how it comes across.

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:

Wolves in a Changing World

October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.

Register now

Location & Lodging:

Minneapolis Marriott Northwest

7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428

Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more at: https://events.r20.constantcontact.com/register/eventReg?oeidk=a07ecvklsy03664a135&oseq=&c=&ch=

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs here.

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long!  The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12.  All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.
SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Spring Break Camp 
SPRING SESSION: APRIL 3 – 6
For children entering grades 3 – 5  ​
Time: 9AM – 3PM
Fee: $300 per child for the 4-day program (Tuesday – Friday)
Information & registration HERE.

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the center home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration here.

Summer Internships for College Students

The Wolf Conservation Center is pleased to offer summer environmental education internship opportunities for college students! The environmental education internship is designed to expose interns to the field of conservation education and wildlife biology. Interns conduct a variety of education programs and assist with the daily operations of the WCC.

Information here.

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone (website)

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!
SUMMER FAMILY ADVENTURE: August 5 – 10, 2018: Details here.
FALL WILDLIFE ADVENTURE: September 8 – 13, 2018: Details here.

News from the Wolf Front

National

From the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary (Frans Badenhorst, wolfrescuesa@gmail.com)

HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary Newsletter May 2018

From the sanctuary

I’m not sure what to say, the animals and I are all healthy, we need lots more support but if you are reading this newsletter then you are already a supporter and we are grateful to you for your ongoing support.

We need a farm pick-up, I’ve spent nearly 25k keeping our Isuzu going over the last couple of months, I’ve approached car dealers but they can’t help us because of the consumers protection act so we can’t even buy a lemon from them and we can’t raise the finance to purchase a slightly better one because we are a NPO, if you can come up with any suggestions please forward them to me, remember we have a PBO number which means that you can claim it back from SARS.

If you think that you can help us or may know of someone who can or is willing to help please let us know, we are desperate, but I can’t go on begging, the conditions aren’t always so great but the animals are well fed and loved out here.

Frans’s Ramblings

From the end of December until well into April, things were quite quiet on the rescue scene and then the heavens opened up once again. I reported in the previous newsletter about the full trailer load that I moved at the end of April. Since then it still did not stop. The very next week we received a message about a family that emigrated to Australia and left a five year old wolf cross female behind. There are a couple of different versions to this story, so I will rather not go into it, but I arranged to go and collect her and take her to HuskyRomi the following Saturday. Late that Friday evening, I received a call from our contact there stating that Niska had a litter of puppies and what now? I swallowed, sat down, and said I will take them all. The following Whatsapp message was that it was seven pups. I called Larry and notified him that I am bringing through eight animals and not only one. As it turned out it was nine because the original count was wrong. Anyway, Niska and her rapidly growing family have settled in nicely at HuskyRomi, but will have to be moved out of the house into an enclosure pretty soon. To do this, Larry has to make some changes to the enclosures around the house and he requires a bit of additional financial assistance to do so. If anybody can contribute to this project, please get in contact with Larry directly. Donations can be made directly into the HuskyRomi account, via the PayFast Donation platform or via the new PayPal account and any amount will be much appreciated.

The next weekend I had work commitments and Derek offered to go and collect a wolf in Westonaria that also required re-homing. Shadow is a lovely long haired wolf and Larry is busy preparing an enclosure for him to share with Jakkals (that came from Carltonville).

This past Sunday, Larry drove down to KZN to collect Shiloh. The re-homing went very well and she made herself at home immediately.

Enough from me for now. Take care and keep howling.

Frans.

News from the Shire

With the changing seasons it seems like people tend to change animals as well, as if they were disposable “things”. Like Frans mentioned there has been an influx of new animals to the sanctuary in the last couple of months and that is putting strain on the existing resources. So I decided to share all the ways you can help and make a difference.

The different ways to help:

  1. Making a donation directly into the bank account

HuskyRomi Rescue and Wolf Sanctuary
First National Bank
Account : 62296463989
Branch : 23083
Cheque Acc
Ref: Donation / Your name

  1. Making use of the SMS line and donating R10 per SMS on all SA Networks

SMS “Donate HuskyRomi” to 48748

  1. Adding HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary as a beneficiary on your My School / My

Village/My Planet card (Remember you can have up to three beneficiaries)
Or SIGN UP FOR A MYSCHOOL CARD and make HuskyRomi Wolf
Sanctuary your charity of choice. You will be donating indirectly to
HuskyRomi without spending an extra cent, when you purchase at
Woolworths/Engen etc. Please take a moment to register a card
at https://www.myschool.co.za/supporter/apply/

Contact Nolia on FB, email to nolia@pentasure.ws or message to
0726221764 for any further assistance.

  1. By paying the entrance fee when you visit the sanctuary as well as buying
    souvenirs at the different events throughout the year
  1. Virtual adopt / Sponsor an animal of your choice. There are different options
    available so contact Larry or Frans if you would like to make a fix monthly donation
    to an animal of your choice. You will also receive a certificate with a photo of
    the animal that you chose to sponsor.

Check out the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary’s Facebook page for more information here . If you wish to subscribe to HuskyRomi’s monthly newsletter, mail Frans Badenhorst at wolfrescuesa@gmail.com and have yourself added to the mailing list. It’s FREE!

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: Help stop this brutal killing!

Just when you thought it couldn’t get any worse…

The Trump administration has proposed opening National Park Service lands to a potential wave of barbaric killing, including bear cubs and wolf pups in their dens.

We’re pulling out all the stops to prevent this inhumane killing, and we need your help.

Your urgent support of $10 or more will provide the resources we need to turn back despicable attacks on the wildlife you love: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=l9HlbH2RQbB_iPiE2Z7cuQ

Here’s what we’ve learned:

The Department of the Interior has proposed to withdraw protections preventing the use of extreme methods to kill wildlife in Alaska national preserves. That would leave wildlife on these federally-protected lands at the mercy of the state. And Alaska state wildlife policy is especially focused on one thing: aggressively killing predators to boost populations of game animals.

Help us stop these brutal killings: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=MW-_exeV5N3J2d2ABhsaSg

The list of extreme methods that could be allowed is nothing short of shocking. The regulatory rollback would allow hunters to bait, trap and snare bears. It could allow them to kill black bears and cubs and wolves and pups in their dens.

The change could also open the way for hunters to kill defenseless caribou from boats or shore as they swim across rivers in national preserves.

Even for this Administration, opening these public lands to such vicious killing represents a new low.

With your donation of $10 or more, we will do what it takes, including court action, to prevent this brutal killing: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=OB7hiN_ZdGl7og3EpZ7zjg

Thank you in advance for your urgent support.

  1. USA: Wolves and other wildlife – beware!

The Trump administration is a who’s who of climate change-denying oil and gas boosters and special interests. And, extremists in Congress are embarking on a ruthless campaign to turn the clock back on wildlife protection.

I won’t lie. Animals will die in alarming numbers if the extremists get their way.

I know you share my love for wildlife. And you’ve been an important ally in protecting wolves, grizzlies and other wild things we love.

That’s why I implore you to take another step today and become a monthly donor to Defenders of Wildlife: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=CapWj_eq-Vm8OfxU0YiPaA

We know that President Trump views all things as resources to be exploited. And the ideologues and the oil barons he has named to his cabinet have their own agendas.

As a monthly sustainer, your support provides a steady, reliable source of contributions as we fight habitat loss and threats to wildlife.

  • What will happen to wolves in the lower 48 when stripped of all Endangered Species Act protection?
  • What will happen to dwindling African elephant populations when the doors are thrown open for importing illegal ivory?
  • What will happen to polar bears and other animals when the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and other precious wild habitats are opened for drilling, fracking and mining?

These are real threats, just some of the many we are sure to face in the months and years ahead. Above all, your monthly donation will give us the resources we need to defend wildlife from the mounting threats they face. Become a monthly donor today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=Ecl9x6hT14iMaNzz5pw3Bw

Not everyone shares the commitment to wildlife that you and I do. This is the moment when those of who care must do everything possible.

We can’t do this without you.

  1. Mexico: Keep up the fight for lobos!

Here’s the heartbreaking truth:

Mexican gray wolves are the most endangered gray wolves in the world and unless more of them are released into the wild, they are doomed to go extinct.

At the end of 2015 there were an estimated 97 Mexican gray wolves remaining in the wild. And just this week, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) confirmed that 14 Mexican gray wolf deaths were documented last year, marking the most in any single year since the federal government began reintroducing them in New Mexico and Arizona in 1998.

It’s critical that we make it clear to the Trump administration that we’re not backing down from Mexican gray wolf recovery!

Please, take action today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=dneqdCO6fShHN–kfp3GDw We must let the Trump administration know that Mexican gray wolf recovery is a top priority.

Please, tell the Trump administration that more Mexican gray wolves MUST be released: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=JFLi2d_hBSrGrDC3UOQhRA

It’s been 40 years since the Mexican gray wolf, or “lobo,” was first listed under the Endangered Species Act. Since the lobo reintroduction program began in the late 1990s, FWS has never released enough wolves from captivity. In fact, from 2008 through 2015, only five new wolves were released into the wild.

Take action for Mexican Gray Wolves: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=A-BpUwmEbxdg53kHIQJ88Q .

These wolves are running out of time. It’s up to you and me to protect their future in the wild.

Thank you for all you do.

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Wolfsschutz Deutschland on Facebook.

Germany: 68 fatalities in Saxony…

We are not talking human lives lost here, but those of wolves. And it is just the official death toll. Considering that only every third dead wolf would have been reported to the authorities, it may be safe to suppose that more that 200 wolves have fallen victim to humans since the year 2000 in Saxony alone. On the other hand, not a single human fell victim to a wolf.
Saxony’s Minister of the Environment, Thomas Schmidt, is quoted by the Leipzig Internet Newspaper as stating the following: “Sixty-eight wolves that were found dead or were euthanized in the Free State of Saxony were referred to the Senckenberg Museum für Naturkunde in Görlitz for post mortems.”, with the newspaper explaining that “euthanized” probably meant “put to sleep” or “shot dead” by official sanctioning (https://www.l-iz.de/politik/sachsen/2018/05/Seit-2000-sind-schon-68-tote-Woelfe-aus-Sachsen-untersucht-worden-218967).
Why Thomas Schmidt chose the word “Euthanasia” in conjunction with killing wild wolves remains a mystery.

From Change.org (Heather L. via Change.org; change@mail.change.org)

USA: Does the 2019 Appropriations Bill Target the Mexican Gray Wolf?

The 2019 Interior and Environment Appropriations Bill was approved by the House Appropriations Committee today, and unfortunately it targets the Gray Wolf. Specifically, Section 117 would require the USFWS to delist the Gray Wolf nationwide. But included within Section 117 is Subsection 2, which states:
“Shall not affect the inclusion of the subspecies classified as the Mexican gray wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) of the species gray wolf (Canis lupus) in such list.”
What in the world does this mean? Does it mean that the Mexican Gray Wolf will be excluded from the delisting? Or does it mean that the separate listing of the Mexican Gray Wolf is to be disregarded and the subspecies included within the delisting? If anyone understands legal speech and can interpret this for the rest of us, then that would be highly appreciated!
In any case, we must keep an eye on that rider and fight to remove it from the bill! If you live in the USA, then please write to your Congress representatives and tell them to ensure that this dangerous rider does not make it into the passed bill! The fate of the Mexican Gray Wolf might depend on it!

Read more here.

Sign the petition here.

From ForceChange (TakeAction@ForceChange.com)

Stop Trump From Allowing Hunters to Kill Bears With Dogs, Slaughter Wolf Pups in Their Dens, and Use Motor Boats to Shoot Swimming Caribou

The Trump administration is about to allow hunters to bait brown bears with bacon and doughnuts, use spotlights to shoot mother bears and cubs hibernating in their dens, among other grotesque hunting techniques. Sign this petition to condemn Trump’s assault on wildlife here.

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Nine Rare Mexican Gray Wolf Pups Born at the WCC

Elusive. Endangered. Extremely Cute.

A critically endangered Mexican gray wolf living at the Wolf Conservation Center made a priceless contribution to the recovery of her rare and at-risk species on last week – she had pups!

On May 8, Mexican gray wolf F1143 (affectionately nicknamed Rosa by supporters) gave birth to a litter of nine pups – six boys and three girls. This is the first litter born to the pair – mom (age ten), and dad, (age eight).

Beyond being adorable, the wolf pups represent the Center’s active participation in an effort to save a species on the brink of extinction. The Mexican gray wolf or “lobo” is the most genetically distinct lineage of wolves in the Western Hemisphere, and one of the most endangered mammals in North America. By the mid-1980s, hunting, trapping, and poisoning caused the extinction of lobos in the wild, with only a handful remaining in captivity. In 1998 the wolves were reintroduced into the wild as part of a federal reintroduction program under the Endangered Species Act. Current estimates put the wild population at 114 in the United States. To watch the family’s progress, tune in to their live webcams!

https://nywolf.org/webcams/webcam-m1198-and-f1143

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – May 1-31, 2018

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at

www.azgfd.gov/wolf  or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf . For information on the FAIR call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit www.wmatoutdoor.org.

Past updates may be viewed on these websites. Interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically by visiting www.azgfd.com and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AZGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH .

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: the Alpine wolf office at (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office at (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 388-4385 ext. 226. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

On May 23, Judge Zipps of the United States District Court for the District of Arizona held a hearing in the 10(j) case to discuss both parties’ responses to the Court’s March 30, 2018 order.  An order following this hearing is pending.

On May 31, 2018 the USFWS published in the Federal Register its intent to conduct a 5-year status review under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended, of 38 animal and plant species.  The Mexican wolf is included as one of the species under review. Section 4(c)(2)(A) of the Endangered Species Act requires the USFWS to review each listed species’ status at least once every 5 years.  A 5-year status review is based on the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review; therefore, the USFWS is requesting submission of any such information that has become available since the last review for each of the 38 species.  Please see the Federal Register notice for more information here.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) are used to indicate wolves younger than 24 months.  A lower case letter “p” preceding the number is used to indicate a wolf pup born in the most recent spring. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. Studbook numbers listed in the monthly update denote wolves with functioning radio collars. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

The IFT completed the annual year-end population survey which started November 1, 2017 and concluded with helicopter count and capture operations conducted from January 24, 2018 through February 3, 2018.  The year-end minimum population count for 2017 was 114 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico. Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups).  Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.  At the end of May, there were 73 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, M1676, and f1683)

In May, the IFT documented the Bear Wallow Pack in their traditional territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF).  Some individuals were occasionally documented on the SCAR. Yearling f1683 and M1676 were documented travelling with AM1338.  AF1335 was found dead in May.  The incident is under investigation.

Bluestem Pack (collared f1686)

In May, the IFT documented the Bluestem Pack in the pack’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. Yearling f1686 exhibited behaviour and movements suggesting that that animal may be dispersing.  The IFT initiated a diversionary food cache in a proactive effort intended to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, f1668, and m1671)

In May, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The IFT maintained a supplemental food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort and to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Elk Horn Pack continued to display behaviour in May consistent with denning.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, m1666, m1677, and m1681)

In May, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce potential for conflict.  The Hoodoo Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory during May.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AM1382)

In May, the IFT documented the Panther Creek Pack in their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  AF1339 was found dead in May.  The incident is under investigation.  After the mortality, AM1382 was documented travelling alone.  Sub-adult m1574 continued to travel alone and is now considered a single animal.  At the end of May, the pack consisted of only AM1382.

Pine Spring Pack (collared AF1562 and AM1394)

In May, the Pine Spring Pack was located within their territory in the north central portion of the ASNF.  The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pair to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Pine Spring Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their territory during May.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared AF1488 and AM1471)

In May, the IFT documented the Prime Canyon Pack travelling within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  AF1488 exhibited behaviour and movements consistent with denning.  The IFT initiated a diversionary food cache for this pack in a proactive attempt to reduce the potential for conflict near residences.

Saffel Pack (collared AM1441, AF1567, m1661, and m1680)

In May, the Saffel Pack was located in their territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The Saffel Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory during May.

Sierra Blanca Pack (collared M1571 and F1550)

In May, F1550 of the Hoodoo Pack had localized in the east central portion of the ASNF and has been consistently documented travelling with M1571 formerly of the Diamond Pack.

Single collared M1477

In May, the IFT documented M1477 in the east central portion of the ASNF.  This animal has continued to travel with an uncollared wolf.  They are now considered a pack and will be given a pack name in June.

Single collared F1489

In May, the IFT documented F1489 travelling in the north and east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared M1574

In May, the IFT documented M1574 travelling in the east central portion of the ASNF.

ON THE FAIR:

Baldy Pack (collared AM1347, F1560, and m1672)

In May, the Baldy Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR and the north central portion of the ASNF.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In May, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.  They were documented as having produced pups.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343, AF1283, and f1674)

In May, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

Tu dil hil Pack (collared M1559 and F1679)

In May, the Tu dil hil Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Copper Creek Pack

During May, the Copper Creek Pack was not located.  Currently there are no functioning collars in this pack.  Single M1673 was documented travelling within the Copper Creek territory in May.  The IFT is monitoring M1673 to determine if it is travelling with the Copper Creek Pack.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared AF1456 and AM1354)

During May, the Dark Canyon Pack was documented travelling together within their traditional territory, in the west central portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF).  In May, the IFT, cross-fostered two wild-born pups (one taken from the Iron Creek Pack and one taken from the Lava Pack) into the Dark Canyon den subsequent to cross-foster events of genetically valuable pups from captivity into both the Iron Creek and Lava Packs.  One pup from each den was removed during the cross-foster to reduce the litter size in an effort to increase chance of survival for the captive born pups.

Datil Mountain Pack (collared M1453 and F1685)

During May, the Datil Mountain Pack continued to travel in the western portion of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).  The Datil Mountain Pack showed signs of denning in early May, however, leading into mid-late May behavior was no longer consistent with denning.

Frieborn Pack (collared AF1443 and AM1447)

In May, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in New Mexico and Arizona.  The IFT maintained a food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort and to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Frieborn Pack continued to exhibit behaviour and movements consistent with denning.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038 and F1473)

During May, the Hawks Nest Pack continued to travel in the north central portion of the GNF. The pair is now considered the Hawks Nest Pack.  The Hawks Nest Pack showed signs of denning in April, however, leading into mid-May they have failed to show behaviour consistent with denning.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During May, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.  The IFT cross-fostered two pups from the Endangered Wolf Center into the Iron Creek den in May.  One wild born pup was removed to reduce litter size and increase the chance of survival of the genetically valuable pups.  The Iron Creek pup was subsequently cross-fostered into the Dark Canyon Pack den.

Lava Pack (collared AF1405 and AM1285)

During May, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south-eastern portion of the GNF.  The IFT cross-fostered two pups from the Endangered Wolf Center into the Lava den in May.  One wild born pup was removed to reduce litter size and increase the chance of survival of the genetically valuable pups.  The Lava pup was subsequently cross-fostered into the Dark Canyon pack den.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293 and AF1346)

During May, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158, AF1487, and fp1684)

During May, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT maintained a food cache for the Luna Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and f1664)

During May the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north-western portion of the GNF.  The Mangas Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for the Mangas Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict. The IFT captured, collared and released a previously uncollared juvenile female wolf (f1705).

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, F1565, m1669, and m1678)

During May, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT documented a minimum of 2 pups with the Prieto Pack.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and f1578)

During May, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT documented behaviour consistent with denning for the San Mateo Pack in late April and documented a minimum of 6 pups in May.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, AF1553, mp1667, and fp1682)

During May, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  AM1284, mp1667 and fp1682 were not located in May.

Single collared AM1155

During May, AM1155 of the old Morgart’s Pack was not located by the IFT.

Single collared M1486

During May, M1486 travelled throughout the northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared M1561

During May, M1561 was captured by the IFT north of I-40 in Arizona and translocated back into its natal pack territory in NM.  M1561 has remained in NM since the translocation.

Single collared M1673

During May, M1673 travelled throughout the southern portion of the GNF, largely within the Copper Creek Pack territory.

MORTALITIES

In May, AF1335 of the Bear Wallow Pack and AF1339 of the Panther Creek Pack were located dead in Arizona.  Both mortalities are under investigation.   From January 1, 2018 to May 31, 2018 there have been a total of 6 documented wolf mortalities.

INCIDENTS

During the month of May, there were 14 confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock. There were 5 nuisance incidents investigated in May.  From January 1 to May 31, 2018 there have been a total of 39 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in New Mexico and 17 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in Arizona.

On May 6 and 11, the IFT investigated reports of two elk killed by wolves in Alpine.  The IFT investigated and determined both elk were killed by wolves from the Prime Canyon Pack.  On May 12, an elk was killed in Nutrioso by wolves from the Elk Horn Pack.  There were no interactions between humans and wolves during any of these incidents.  All elk carcasses were removed from private lands.  Concentrations of elk feeding in pasture land in these communities have remained high during this spring due to the forage in the wet meadows as compared with dry conditions on the adjacent ASNF.  The IFT encourages all residents to report any wolf sightings in proximity to residences by calling the phone number listed above.  The IFT continued active hazing efforts of wolves in these areas and maintaining diversionary food caches to disrupt documented patterns of wolves regularly using areas inhabited by humans.  At the time this report was prepared, there have been no additional reports of elk killed by wolves in either of these communities.

On May 8, the IFT investigated a report of an interaction between a wolf and a dog at a residence in Alpine that reportedly had to be broken up by the owner of the dog.  The report was determined to be unfounded.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the bull was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 15, Wildlife Services investigated an injured calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the injured calf was confirmed wolf.

On May 15, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 22, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 22, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 23, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 23, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 24, the IFT received a report from a turkey hunter who observed a collared wolf from his camp on national forest near Hannagan Meadow three times during a three hour period on May 21, 2018.  The hunter reported that in the early morning hours he first saw the wolf at a distance of approximately 150 yards away from the camp.  The wolf left, then returned 30 minutes later and was observed approximately 25 yards from the camp.  The wolf left the area on its own, then returned a third time and was observed approximately 40 yards away around 9:00AM.  During this interaction the hunter never yelled or did anything to scare the wolf away.  The hunter was alone at the camp and there were no dogs present in camp.  The hunter indicated there was food present at the camp but he was not cooking at the time the wolf was observed.  The IFT confirmed this interaction involved a collared Mexican wolf from photographs taken during the incident.

On May 25, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was killed by a bear.

On May 26, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by coyotes.

On May 27, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 28, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 29, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 29, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 30, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was killed by a bear.

On May 30, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation concluded the cause of death was unknown.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On May 2, USFWS presented to various tribes at the New Mexico Tribal Fish, Wildlife, and ESA Conservation Meeting.

On May 8, WMAT presented to the Boys and Girls Club in Whiteriver, AZ

On May 8, WMAT presented to WMAT Forestry Department in Canyon Day, AZ.

On May 10, WMAT presented to the Boys and Girls Club in Whiteriver, AZ

On May 16, the IFT gave a presentation on Mexican wolf biology, management and reintroduction efforts to a group of 6th grade children from Winslow, AZ at their annual camping trip on the ASNF.

On May 17, the Mexican Wolf/Livestock Council met in Springerville, AZ.

On May 24, WMAT presented at Whiteriver Elementary in Whiteriver, AZ.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

There are no project personnel updates for the month of May.

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at (505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

Other News

National

From Jugomaro Predator Park SA (https://www.facebook.com/Jugomaro/)

All of you who love not only wolves but also big cats will remember that quite some time ago we reported about the Jugomaro Park and all the problems the owners had with the piece of land the park was situated on. We did not hear from them for a very long time and already thought they must have lost the battle, but now the park is back to life.

It is now situated at Portion 4 Number 91 in Vaalwater, Tel. 082 558 0703, and you can get more information through their Facebook page  or their website  (not yet active).

But just when they thought everything would be running smoothly now they were hit by another catastrophe. The new start ended in tears for the family that owns the Jugomaro Predator Park in Limpopo, after three of their beloved lions and their prized tiger were poisoned. In the early hours of May 25. Justin Fernandes and his mother Rosa were alerted to trouble when their wolf Bolt started barking. The first cat they checked on was Panjo, the Bengal tiger that made headlines in 2010 when it escaped and was found two days later in a pine forest on the Swartkoppies farm in the Verena area, near Bronkhorstspruit. All the other cats seemed to be okay but then they noticed that the pupils of Elvis, the white male lion, were dilated and that he was choking on something. When the big cat’s condition began to decline rapidly, Justin performed CPR, but to no avail. Elvis shared the enclosure with Kai, a tiger cub who did not respond to Justin’s call. The two animals were inseparable. Kai was dead and had already digested most of his poison in his system. Next, Justin heard his two brown lions, Taariq and his twin brother Hercules, throwing up. While they waited for a vet to arrive from Bela-Bela, Taariq and Hercules died, too. The pelt of a freshly-slaughtered rabbit was found in bushes near the enclosures. The rabbit had been cut up and laced with the poison Temik, also known as Aldicarb or “Two Step”. Had it not been for Bolt waking them up, the cats would probably have been chopped into pieces, too.

Justin said, “It’s like losing your own childrenMy whole life has been around these cats for the past nine years. I can’t really say how angry and frustrated I am and that I could not do what I needed to save them.”

The cats had been moved from Krugersdorp, Gauteng, where they had been situated before, to the farm near Vaalwater, Limpopo, just about 2 weeks ago.

The family ran into financial difficulty in 2015 and lost the park that they had built in Groblersdal. Rosa said they went through an “ugly liquidation” and lost everything. The Red Ants, a security company, were sent to evict the family from the property. They left with just the clothes on their back. The cats were then taken to Krugersdorp, to a friend’s farm. In desperation, Rosa’s husband, Goosey, tried to open a zoo in Springs to save the cats. When he went to look at the place, he fell into an ash pit and suffered third degree burns, was in intensive care for more than two months, and during this time, the family managed to scrape together over R400 000 to buy back their cats. They later lived in a caravan and in tents in Krugersdorp, where the cats were being kept.

The whole family put blood, sweat and tears into these animals. With tears rolling down her face, Maxine, the daughter, said: “We were with Taariq and Hercules when they passed and we were holding them – telling them that we loved them and sorry that we failed them.”

Please open your hearts and pockets to the new park right here in our neighbourhood and donate whatever small money you can spare (big money is also welcome) to the park:

ABSA Bank
Name Maxine Fernndes
Branch code 632005
Savings acc. No. 9171806809
SWIFT code ABSAZAJJ
SMS proof 0825580703
Or through PayPal jugomaro21@hotmail.com

Next Door

Nothing to report.

International

Nothing to report.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Wolves in Italy

Bears and wolves at risk in Bolzano, Italy

The bill, just approved, on the proposal of the councillor of agriculture Arnold Schuler, provides for the capture, withdrawal or even killing, in extreme cases, some wolves and bears.

The Provincial Council of Bolzano gave the go-ahead to the draft law on large carnivores, including bears and wolves, by means of a bill titled, “Measures for prevention and intervention concerning large carnivores”. All this has been clarified and must be agreed with the Higher Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA). To announce it, the president of the Provincial Council of Bolzano, Arno Kompatscher said “The Province of Bolzano, stated, will establish the withdrawal of individual specimens, but only as long as there is no other solution and that this does not prejudice the maintenance of the species”.

So, while animal-loving people following the news are in turmoil, the situation (and lives) of bears and wolves, at least in the north of Italy, becomes harsher. The announcement came a few hours before the World Environment and Nature Day, celebrated all over the world.

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 150

The Curse of the Full Moon  by Jennifer Tissot

I knew it was coming. The feeling of untamed anxiety told me so, just as it does every month when the moon is at its fullest.

The curse has been with me since I was a child…but how long I’ve been a werewolf doesn’t matter. All that matters is here and now.

The house is silent and dark as I unlock the back door and step out onto the porch and into the cold, frosty February night air. I shiver and see the clear sky with all its winking white eyes and the one single, large, bright eye. It is the moon, huge and white as my fangs are against its milky gleam.

A shudder runs through my whole body, but not from cold. It’s the sign, the first sign of the transformation of my fifteen-year-old body of a girl becoming the animal.

I leap off the porch and into the frozen snow that feels like freezer burnt vanilla ice cream beneath my bare feet.

The prickling sensation traces through my veins…

It happens.

All my bones twist and turn to become a new structure as gray fur spreads across my arms and face like ripples in a pond.

I grow larger, my whole face pushing out…my nose and mouth melting into one to form the snout.

My teeth enlarge and curve as they change into the shining fangs…the ones I’ll use for tearing and biting with.

My fingers shrink and paws replace my hands.

I feel no pain as all this happens to me. Only a feeling of sheer joy and terror all at once as my heart beats faster…so fast I can hardly breathe…

I’m panting, drooling…

On all fours I rush over the white world beneath my wolf paws, into the woods.

So dark and concealing…

I see every flicker of movement within my colourless world, smell every hint of fear, and hear every sound of the alarmed rabbits and deer as they scurry for cover from me.

I reach a hillside and stop for breath.

I throw my head back and let out my howl. IT is long, shrill, and echoes off the trees and mountains beyond.

“I’m here,” I’m saying within the howl, “and I’m hungry.”

Yes. The scent of a human wafts over the sharp breeze in my direction.

I head for it, bounding.

I keep going into the woods until I spot the wandering man, bundled up to keep warm as he sits near a dying camp fire.

I make no sound as I creep toward him.

One paw, then two. The saliva runs thick over my chin. I can’t help it. His scent is intoxicating.

He suspects nothing with his back turned. He rubs his hands over the fading blaze.

I’m so close, inches.

I’m on him! I dig my claws right through his coat…into his warm flesh…

A half strangled scream is all he manages…

Then, I stop and think.

“A partner would be nice,” as I close my jaws around the back of his neck… and bite him long and hard…

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

I have been very busy lately, because we have finally managed to track down our old butcher. He had left his old butchery after too many fights with his partner and started his own butchery, which turned out to be located not too far from us. We had no clue where he had moved to; his old partner didn’t tell because he didn’t want to lose his customers, but with lots of asking around we eventually managed to find him. When we first walked into his new place, we were very nearly hugged by his staff, so pleased were they that we had found them. Luckily, he had not lost his love for wolves, although we had not seen each other for nearly two years. All his old customers have slowly been coming back to him, one by one, not only because of his high-quality meat etc., but surely also because of the rare family-like atmosphere this mountain of a man almost magically affords his customers the moment he addresses them. We were lucky to receive in excess of 100 kg of game off-cuts from him over the past four weeks. The pack is delighted about all the delicacies they can delve in and I’m sure they must have missed our old friend as much as we did. O.k., they love the chicken we get from a chicken farm quite a distance away from us, but boy, that’s nothing compared to fresh game meat and innards, and you should see their excited faces when feeding time approaches.

Otherwise it’s pretty cold up here in the moment and they spend lots of time inside dozing. Although I’m convinced that they cannot really feel the cold as we do, they don’t like the icy wind that’s blowing right now. Maybe it’s just solidarity with us, because we now spend much more time inside than outside – sometimes I wish we could also grow such a nice, thick coat during winter to stay warm without having to wear layers and layers of clothes that seem to be in the way all the time whatever you are doing.

Will be continued…

Volume 13, Issue 163, May 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 163, May 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

Let’s see what we’ve got for you this month. News of crimes against wildlife, of course. It really sickens me every month anew to realize what this beautiful planet has come to as a result of one ultra-aggressive species that thinks it is the ultimate creation because it walks upright, but still can’t see that actions have consequences. Well, I guess, you have to stay up to date…

Our hearts go out to the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary that has recently lost its primary ambassador wolf, Ashak. Everybody who visited the sanctuary in the last years or met them at a function will surely remember this most friendly, splendid wolf who did so much for bridging the perceived gap between people and wolves in South Africa. It truly is a sad loss…

I would like to draw your attention to a contribution by Frans Badenhorst on chipping, chips and scanners that sheds a lot of light on this subject. It was first published in HuskyRomi’s April newsletter and is reprinted here with permission.

A reader has brought to our attention an interesting snippet about canine research results that we have translated for you here, even though it does not (yet) directly relate to wolves. Why do dogs not respond with fear to venomous snakes? We have personally observed two such encounters, one with our two last Groenendaels many years ago, one of which entirely fearlessly killed an adult female rinkhals cobra, and one with Athaba I who had fun playing very skilfully with a baby rinkhals before I noticed, stepped in, caught the snake in my shoe, and released it in a safe place. Mind you, these cobras are short-fused and have a nasty venom.

A personal experience also makes up this month’s wolf tale, this one being retold from early childhood. Oh yeah, those big bad wolves…

To round it all off, Erin tells how she feels about winter while I am ticking off the days until it can be expected to be over.

If you have read it, please post a review of my book, A Houseful Headful of Wolves (German edition: Das Haus Den Kopf voller Wölfe), by following the link on SAFOW’s Facebook page  or directly at http://safow.org/book-review/ . It can be as short or long as you wish, in English or German, and you can remain completely anonymous. I really love to know how it comes across.

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:

Wolves in a Changing World

October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.

Register now

Location & Lodging:

Minneapolis Marriott Northwest
7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428
Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Early registration – $399.00* (– May 31, 2018)
  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more here.

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs here.

 Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long!  The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12.  All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.
SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Spring Break Camp 
SPRING SESSION: APRIL 3 – 6
For children entering grades 3 – 5  ​
Time: 9AM – 3PM
Fee: $300 per child for the 4-day program (Tuesday – Friday)
Information & registration HERE.

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the center home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration here.

Summer Internships for College Students

The Wolf Conservation Center is pleased to offer summer environmental education internship opportunities for college students! The environmental education internship is designed to expose interns to the field of conservation education and wildlife biology. Interns conduct a variety of education programs and assist with the daily operations of the WCC.

Information here.

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone (website)

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!
SUMMER FAMILY ADVENTURE: August 5 – 10, 2018: Details here.
FALL WILDLIFE ADVENTURE: September 8 – 13, 2018: Details here.

News from the Wolf Front

National

From the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary (Frans Badenhorst, wolfrescuesa@gmail.com)

HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary Newsletter April 2018

Don’t really know what to say or write, the loss of Ashak, our ambassador wolf, is a huge blow to me and, I know, to a lot of people out there. He was a part of so many lives, he even gave the engagement ring away to lots of couples. I don’t believe that there are many wolves in the world that had as much interaction with people as Ashak did. Thousands of photos have been taken of him, and he touched so many people in his life.

On the rescue scene we were alerted about two different wolves, one in Pretoria at a veterinary practice and one in KZN at a SPCA branch. Unfortunately neither considered HuskyRomi to be suitable alternative accommodation for the animals. I have heard that the one in KZN was pts, but do not know what happened to the one in Pretoria, because we could never manage to speak to anybody but the person answering the phone on that side and were told in no uncertain terms that the wolf had nothing to do with us or us with him. I can but hope that they did find him a home, but have a feeling that he was pts as well.

Late one Sunday afternoon earlier in the month, I received a message in my voice mail from a veterinary practice way on the other side of town in Sandton. As you know, we live in Roodepoort. The lady said that they had one of the wolves staying with us, Wahya, with them. He was picked up as a stray and taken in to them. Well, Wahya was lying right next to me, so I found this very strange. Unfortunately the practice was closed when I called back, so it had to wait for the next day. I just made sure in the meantime about all the information that I have on his microchip and requested an online copy of his registration certificate from Identipet as well. It turned out that somebody must have had numbers swapped or something in that line and that was how our detail was given to the practice. The poor stray animal was micro-chipped, but the chip number was not on the Identipet database, so either the owner never registered him, or the number was issued by a different company and therefore did not show up on the Identipet database. This caused me to look deeper into the microchip chaos in our country (and probably worldwide) with numerous animals running around with microchips that actually cannot be traced.

When Yiska came to stay with us, I immediately had him micro-chipped. The vet implanted a VirBac Backhome microchip and registered him on the Backhome database. I read an article about a batch of Backhome chips that could not be read, and being the paranoid being that I am, took him to a totally different vet just to have him scanned and the chip number confirmed. I also found out that Identipet has a countrywide database and that they are willing to register all microchips on their database, even if they are not Identipet chips. I immediately did that and paid for a lifelong membership with Identipet. When Wahya received his chip (at the same vet), it was a Five Star ID chip. This time I was given the chip detail and a website and told to register him myself. I did it, and also registered him on the Identipet database, paying for a lifelong membership. I originally thought that the type of microchip could be gathered from the chip number, but this is not so, meaning that an animal picked up with a chip from company A, cannot be traced unless the person doing the enquiry calls up company A. It seems to me that, because Identipet started this “universal” database, the vets tend to call them, and probably only them. They have a 24 hour hotline as well as a cell phone app (that I am struggling to get to work, seems to be more IOS friendly than Android). Apparently there are also a number of companies that supplied microchips in the past that have closed their doors and no longer operates. Nobody knows what happened to their databases.

A couple of things came out of this little incident and that is why I am rambling on about it. Firstly, please have your pets micro-chipped. Secondly, make sure that the vet scans the chip and that it corresponds with the number given to you. Then register your pet on the database of the company that supplied the chip (if the vet did not do it, but go and check), but also on the Identipet universal database. I am by no means trying to advertise Identipet, but while they have started delivering this service and with the information that I received, I really want to strongly recommend it. If your animal was chipped previously and you are not sure if the chip still works, or do not have the number, please have him or her scanned and then also register that chip number on the universal database. Then at least you know it will pop up on the primary enquiry should your pet ever be scanned.

The information on the database is not shared with anybody. All they give the vet or the rescuer when they query a number, is the name of the registered owner, the name of the animal, and the primary telephone number. Please also make sure that your phone number is up to date on the database. Only you can access your own information in full, and to get the names and phone number as stated, the person enquiring must be a registered vet or rescue organization and supply their registration number at the time of the request. I think that is safe enough for your pet’s security and worthwhile following up.

One more little thing I discovered. There are chip scanners available on the market that cannot read chips from other companies. I believe that most vets use either Backhome or Identipet scanners and as I read it, they are certified to read all chips currently available as well as the older chips with shorter numbers.

Take care and keep howling.
Frans.

Check out the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary’s Facebook page for more information. If you wish to subscribe to HuskyRomi’s monthly newsletter, mail Frans Badenhorst at wolfrescuesa@gmail.com and have yourself added to the mailing list. It’s FREE!

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: Wyoming wants to gun down 58 wolves

Wyoming is at it again.

Barely a year after Wyoming wolves lost Endangered Species Act protection, the state is proposing steep increases in the number of wolves allowed to be killed by hunters.

Defenders is going to do what it takes to stop this, but we need your help.

Your urgent donation will help protect Wyoming wolves and other vulnerable wildlife: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=HD48-qHvqwBEB8w8gaN8-w

It was just a year ago last month that a federal court stripped Wyoming’s wolves of Endangered Species Act protection. The court upheld a state plan that declares 84% of the state a “predator zone” where wolves can be hunted or trapped by anyone, at any time.

And wolves aren’t the only animals whose fate Wyoming is recklessly endangering. We recently wrote to you that the state is considering a proposal to allow up to 23 grizzly bears to be hunted in the greater Yellowstone region.

Help stop these outrageous attacks on carnivores like wolves and bears: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=3JTYUXbkCy8ZJe71gH9A-Q

With your help, Defenders is on the ground in Wyoming. We’re pressing state officials to reconsider their actions. With you at our side, we’re rallying conservationists to demand adequate safeguards for wolves and grizzly bears. And thanks to you, we’re keeping the issue of wolf and bear protection front and center as an issue in Wyoming.

Wolves and grizzly bears have no voice of their own. That’s why you and I must speak for them.

Your generous support means you are a full partner in the fight for wildlife protection: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=HaMgkhOOxyaV8fLMkZo4Zg

You know this is a treacherous time for wildlife conservation. And it’s especially treacherous for wolves, which continue to be the victims of outdated and ignorant mindsets.

The hopeful news is that most Americans believe in wildlife protections. And sooner or later, sanity will prevail. But in the meantime, it’s up to all of us do what we can.

Thank you in advance for your support.

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Wolfsschutz Deutschland on Facebook.

1. Germany: Wolf found shot dead in Pumpak territory – We offer a reward!

Neißeaue, 26.04.2018

On 13 April, our colleague Katarzyna, who is doing wolf research on the Polish side of the Lausitz in the vicinity of Ruszow, discovered the body of a wolf on the banks of the river Neiße. Polish and German police have started a manhunt.
The wolf was most probably shot at the beginning of April, over Easter. The locality is Dobrzyn (on the Polish side), at about the level of Steinbach, Ungunst, Lodenau (Rothenburg OL) on the German side. But this spot may not necessarily be the actual crime scene.
If anybody can provide relevant information, e.g., saw people with rifles along the Neiße or heard one or more shots being fired, please contact the police in Görlitz or Zgorzelec, or Alexander Januszkiewicz through the contact form on our website.
Information that will lead to the arrest of the perpetrator(s) will be rewarded by us (Wolfsschutz Deutschland and Dolnoslaskie Towarzystwo Ochrony Wilkow) with Euro 2000.

We really hope that our reward will contribute to having one of these criminal poachers arrested eventually.
Other than that, we ask you to support this new film project. https://www.gofundme.com/Menschen-fuer-woelfe and to please sign our new petition in which we demand to end hobby hunting: www.change.org/wolfsschutz 

From Center for Biological Diversity via Change.org (change@mail.change.org)

New Petition: Stop Trophy Hunting

Thank you for signing our petition to save wolves by keeping them protected under the Endangered Species Act. We thought you might like to know about our latest petition: we’re trying to end trophy hunting of wolves, grizzlies and elephants. Below is a link to that petition. Thank for your support, and for standing up for wildlife.

Trump’s putting bears, wolves and elephants in the crosshairs of trophy hunters.

Yellowstone’s grizzlies had been safe from trophy hunters for the past 40 years. But last summer Trump stripped them of their Endangered Species Act protection. Now state officials in Wyoming are dead set on letting trophy hunters gun down 24 grizzlies that wander out of the national park. More than half of them could be females, including those pregnant with cubs.

No wild creature should ever be caught in the crosshairs of an AR-15. It’s all part of a trigger-happy culture that fetishizes the thrill-killing of endangered wildlife.

It has to end.

One of Trump’s first acts as president was allowing trophy hunters in Alaska’s national wildlife refuges to slaughter wolves and their pups where they slept, and to bait bears out into the open so they could shoot them from airplanes. Trump has also refused a full-on ban of elephant trophy imports — a step that’s vital to ending the savage killing that’s put elephants on the path toward extinction.

The Center for Biological Diversity is fighting the cruel laws that allow this kind of brutality — and we’re challenging the sick mentality glorified by Trump’s administration and anti-wildlife agencies.

We simply can’t allow grizzlies, wolves, elephants and other wild animals to be thrill-killed into extinction. Wildlife belongs in the wild, not hanging over a fireplace or on a living-room floor.

Join our resistance — sign our petition to stop the slaughter of wildlife being hunted for their heads and skins.

Please sign here.

From Change.org (Salty Dog via Change.org [change@mail.change.org])

USA: Why Trophy Hunters are essentially Cowards

“There is no coming to consciousness without pain. People will do anything, no matter how absurd, in order to avoid facing their own Soul. One does not become enlightened by imagining figures of light, but by making the darkness conscious.”

This quote by Carl.G. Jung outlines the character flaw of trophy-hunters and what Under Armour is deliberately cashing in on, with no hesitation or remorse whatsoever:
Fear of facing their own self, of looking at oneself to see how one can grow as a human being, on how to become a valuable member of society.
Soldiers, policemen, fire fighters, etc, know that they put themselves in harm’s way when they choose their careers, that’s why this is considered noble.
Not so the trophy-hunters, they kill animals for their own perceived glory, be that an animal carcass, the thrill of the rush of having killed something alive, as well as the recognition from fellow trophy-hunters.
They are attention-whores, that’s why they pose with the carcasses, grinning ostentatiously.
They kill from a safe distance without putting themselves in harm’s way; they chase cheap thrills, meaningless accumulations of material and emotional content, i.e. trophies. Self-absorbed children in adult bodies.

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Ten Rare Red Wolf Pups Born at the WCC

Fewer than 30 Remain in the Wild

Mother’s Day came early this year at the Wolf Conservation Center!

Red wolf F2121 (affectionately nicknamed Charlotte) gave birth to four pups during the afternoon of April 19 and were followed by six pups, born to a different mother (red wolf F1858 or Veronica), just hours later.

With high pitch peeps and squeals, the adorable new residents announced their debut to a global community of onlookers via the WCC’s network of live webcams.

Beyond being cute, the pocket-sized predators represent the WCC’s active participation in an effort to save a species from extinction.

While the WCC has been a vocal and visible advocate in trying to protect and preserve critically endangered red wolves, the center is also active in physically safeguarding representatives of the rare species that have been entrusted to its care.

The WCC is one of 43 facilities in the U.S. participating in the Red Wolf Species Survival Plan (SSP) – a breeding and management program whose primary purpose is to support the reestablishment of red wolves in the wild through captive breeding, public education, and research.

Red wolves, native to the south-eastern United States, were almost driven to extinction by intensive predator control programs and habitat loss.

In 1980, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) captured the last wild red wolves (just 14 animals) and declared the species extinct in the wild.

In 1987, USFWS released the first captive red wolves in North Carolina’s Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge as part of a federal reintroduction program under the aegis of the Endangered Species Act.

Although the red wolf recovery program once served as a model for successful recovery of wolves, political barriers and consistent mismanagement by the USFWS have seriously threatened the continued existence of this highly imperilled species. In its most recent proposal announced in September of 2016, the agency called to remove most of the last wild red wolves to put them in captivity. Beyond effectively undermining decades of wild red wolf recovery, scientists warn that USFWS’s proposal “will no doubt result in the extinction of red wolves in the wild.”

Current estimates put the wild population at the lowest level in decades, down from 130 just four years ago to fewer than 30 today.

Donate today here.

 

2.Wolf Conservation Center ‘Dencam’ Captures Birth of Rare Mexican Gray Wolf Pups!

After welcoming two litters of critically endangered red wolf pups less than two weeks ago, the Wolf Conservation Center is celebrating the arrival of critically endangered Mexican gray wolf pups as well: more info here.

On April 30, first-time parent F1505 (affectionately nicknamed Trumpet for her loud squeals upon her birth in 2016) welcomed three pups. Following in their mother’s footsteps, the noisy newborns entered the world amongst a chorus of sounds. “Trumpet’s solo act has grown into an orchestra of growls, yips, and peeps,” said Regan Downey, WCC Education Director. “The squeaky sounds are not only adorable, but are so rarely heard on the wild landscape.”
There are only 114 wild Mexican gray wolves living in the United States, so every new arrival represents a priceless contribution to the recovery the rare and at-risk species.

The WCC is one of more than 50 institutions in the U.S. and Mexico participating in the Mexican Wolf Species Survival Plan – a bi-national initiative whose primary purpose is to support the reestablishment of Mexican wolves in the wild through captive breeding, public education, and research.

Because the entire existing Mexican wolf population descended from just seven founders rescued from extinction, genetic health is the primary consideration governing not only reproductive pairings but also captive-to-wild release efforts. Although both components are equally critical to Mexican wolf recovery, release events are far less frequent than successful breeding.
In recent positive steps toward recovery, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) has been ushering genetically diverse captive wolf pups into the wilds of Arizona and New Mexico through its pup cross-fostering initiative. Cross-fostering is a coordinated event where captive-born pups are introduced into a similar-aged wild litter so the pups can grow up as wild wolves.
The Mexican wolf newborns, who will not be able to open their eyes for a week or so, are not eligible for wild-foster due to their litter size.
“Although we hoped pups from our center would receive the ‘call of the wild’,” said WCC Curator Rebecca Bose, “We’re elated that there have been foster events from other facilities this year! Cross-fostering is an incredibly effective tool for augmenting the genetic health of the wild population.”
“Maybe next year some lobo pups from the WCC will get this amazing opportunity,” said Maggie Howell, WCC Executive Director. “In the meantime, we’re counting on USFWS to continue with releases beyond pup season because recovery demands releasing more family groups into the wild too.”
The wolf parents and pups are not on public exhibit, but thirteen live webcams, available on the WCC website, invite an unlimited number of viewers to enter the private lives of these elusive creatures.

Join them now via live webcam.

  1. Ambassador Wolf Milestone – It’s Atka’s Sweet 16

License to Thrill (and Educate)

Today Ambassador Wolf Atka turns 16 years old!
The confident and charismatic ambassador has won the hearts and opened the minds of hundreds of thousands of people throughout his storied career.

Although Atka retired from his career as a travelling Ambassador a couple of years ago, he continues to interact with advocates around the world. In May 2017, Atka created his own email account (atka@nywolf.org) and has welcomed a steady stream of passionate emails ever since! He’s Skyped with a budding scientist in Mexico, chatted with conservationists in Europe, and has received fan mail from all seven continents – even Antarctica!
And now with his own set of wheels, his reach knows no bounds! Happy Sweet 16, Atka! We love you!

Thank you, Atka, for allowing the world to form lasting connections with not only you but your wild kin as well!

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – April 1-30, 2018

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project) activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf. For information on the FAIR call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit wmatoutdoors.org.

Past updates may be viewed on these websites. Interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically by visiting azgfd.com and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the web page.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose. The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AZGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH or www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/RWL.cfm

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: the Alpine wolf office at (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office at (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 388-4385 ext. 226. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update
In April 2018, The U.S. District Court of Arizona issued an adverse decision on the revised 10(j) rule litigation, remanding the 2015 10(j) rule to the USFWS. The 2015 10(j) rule will remain in effect for the foreseeable future until the completion of this litigation.

On April 5, staff from the USFWS presented at the Arizona tribal/FWS coordination meeting. Management of Mexican wolves on tribal land was discussed.

From April 9-12, staff from USFWS, AZGFD and New Mexico Department of Game and Fish attended the annual Trilateral committee meeting for wildlife and ecosystem conservation between the United States, Mexico and Canada. Staff presented to the Committee and attended management sessions that were held on Mexican wolf recovery.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) are used to indicate wolves younger than 24 months.  A lower case letter “p” preceding the number is used to indicate a wolf pup born in the most recent spring. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. Studbook numbers listed in the monthly update denote wolves with functioning radio collars. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS
The IFT completed the annual year-end population survey which started November 1, 2017 and concluded with helicopter count and capture operations conducted from January 24, 2018 through February 3, 2018. The year-end minimum population count for 2017 was 114 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico.  Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups).  Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.  At the end of April, there were 75 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

IN ARIZONA:
Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338,AF1335, M1676, AND f1683)
In April, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF), and occasionally documented on the SCAR.  Yearling female 1683 continued to make dispersal movements north and east of Bear Wallow’s traditional territory, but frequently rejoined the pack. Alpha female 1335 exhibited behavior and movements consistent with denning.

Bluestem Pack (collared f1686)
In April, the IFT documented Bluestem in the pack’s traditional territory in the central portion of the ASNF.  Yearling female 1686 has been exhibiting localized behavior and movements suggesting that AF1042, which has a non-functioning collar, may have denned.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, f1668, m1671)
In April, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the northeastern portion of the ASNF.  This month, two neonatal pups born in captivity at the Endangered Wolf Center were cross-fostered by the IFT into the Elk Horn den. The IFT initiated a supplemental food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort and to reduce the potential for livestock-related conflict.  The Elk Horn Pack continued to display behavior consistent with denning after the cross-foster operation was conducted.

Frieborn Pack (collared AF1443 and AM1447)
In April, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and New Mexico.  This month, two neonatal pups born in captivity at the Endangered Wolf Center were cross-fostered by the IFT into the Frieborn den.  The IFT initiated a supplemental food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort and to reduce the potential for livestock-related conflict.  The Frieborn Pack exhibited behavior and movements consistent with denning after the cross-foster operation was conducted.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, m1666, m1677 and m1681)
In April, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the northeastern portion of the ASNF.  The IFT hazed the Hoodoo Pack several times this month in the Nutrioso area to deter them from frequenting areas with residences.  At the end of the month, the IFT initiated a diversionary food cache to reduce potential for conflict.  The Hoodoo Pack displayed behavior consistent with denning within their traditional territory during April.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)
In April, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (F1339, AM1382 and M1574)
In April, the Panther Creek Pack was located in their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  Alpha Female 1339 and AM1382 have joined up and have been documented travelling as a pair.  Sub-adult M1574 has been travelling separately from the pack.

Pine Spring Pack (collared AF1562 and AM1394)
In April, the Pine Spring Pack was located within their territory in the north central portion of the ASNF.  The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pair to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Pine Spring Pack displayed behavior consistent with denning within their territory during April.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared AF1488 and AM1471)
In April, the Prime Canyon Pack was documented travelling within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  Alpha female 1488 has been exhibiting behavior and movements consistent with denning behavior.

Saffel Pack (collared AM1441, AF1567, m1661, and m1680)
In April, the Saffel Pack was located in their traditional territory in the northeastern portion of the ASNF.  The Saffel Pack displayed behavior consistent with denning within their traditional territory during April.

 

Sierra Blanca Pack (collared M1571 and F1550)
In April, F1550 of the Hoodoo Pack had localized in the east central portion of the ASNF and has been consistently documented travelling with M1571 formerly of the Diamond Pack.  This pair has been documented travelling together and maintaining a territory for over three months and have been named the Sierra Blanca Pack.

Single collared M1477
In April, M1477 was documented in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared F1489
In April, F1489 was documented travelling in the north central portion of the ASNF
ON THE FAIR:
Baldy Pack (collared AM1347, F1560, and m1672)
In April, the Baldy Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR and the north central portion of the ASNF.

Tsay o Ah Pack (collared M1343, AF1283, f1674)
In April, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.
Tu dil hil Pack (collared M1559 and F1679)
In April, M1559 and F1679 were assigned a pack name (Tu dil hil) after three months of travelling together.  They were documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:
Copper Creek Pack
During April, the Copper Creek Pack was not located.  Currently there are no functioning collars in this pack.  Single M1673 was documented travelling within the Copper Creek territory in April.  The IFT is monitoring this to determine if it has joined the pack.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared AF1456 and M1354)
During April, the Dark Canyon Pack was documented travelling together within their traditional territory, in the west central portion of the GNF.

Datil Mountain Pack (collared M1453 and F1685)
During April, F1685 has continued to travell with M1453 in the western portion of the CNF for a period of three months, and the pair is now considered the Datil Mountain Pack.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038 and F1473)
During April, AM1038, formerly of the Hawks Nest Pack, has continued to travell with F1473 in north central portions of the GNF for a period of three months. The pair is now considered the Hawks Nest Pack. The IFT documented behavior consistent with denning in mid-April.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240,  AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)
During April, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.

Lava Pack (collared AF1405 and AM1285)
During April, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the southeastern portion of the GNF.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293 and AF1346)
During April, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158,  AF1487, and fp1684)
During April, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT maintained a food cache for the Luna Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict.  In late-April, the Luna pack displayed behavior consistent with denning.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and f1664)
During April, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the northwestern portion of the GNF.  The Mangas Pack displayed behavior consistent with denning within their traditional territory. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for the Mangas Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, F1565, m1669, and m1678)
During April, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The Prieto Pack displayed behavior consistent with denning within their traditional territory.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and f1578)
During April, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT documented behavior consistent with denning for the San Mateo Pack in late April.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (AM1284, AF1553, mp1667, and fp1682)
During April, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  AM1284, mp1667 and fp1682 were not located in April.  In late-April, the SBP Pack displayed behavior consistent with denning.

Single collared AM1155
During April, AM1155 of the old Morgart’s Pack was not located by the IFT.

Single collared M1486 
During April, M1486 travelled throughout the northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared M1561
During April, M1561 dispersed into Arizona and continued to make wide dispersal movements on both the ASNF and Coconino National Forests.

Single collared M1673
During April, M1673 travelled throughout the southern portion of the GNF.

MORTALITIES
There were no mortalities documented in April.

INCIDENTS
During the month of April, there were 12 confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock.  There were 5 nuisance incidents investigated in April. From January 1 to April 30, 2018 there have been a total of 29 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in New Mexico and 11 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in Arizona.

On April 2, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 2, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf was stillborn.

On April 4, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow died of natural causes.

On April 4, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf was a coyote kill.

On April 5, the IFT took a report of wolves located near an occupied dwelling and livestock in Catron County, NM.  The IFT and Wildlife Services investigated the incident. The IFT provided less than lethal training and rounds to the reporting party.

On April 6, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 7, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 9 and 10, the IFT received reports of two elk killed by wolves in the Nutrioso, AZ area. Both of the elk carcasses were removed by the IFT to eliminate any further attractant to wolves returning to areas with a concentration of residences.  The IFT resumed efforts to haze wolves that entered the Nutrioso area and focused hazing efforts during nighttime hours. The IFT provided less than lethal training and rounds to five residents in Nutrioso to use to haze wolves if wolves were observed near residences on private property.

On April 11, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the bull was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 17, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 18, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the bull was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 19, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 19, Wildlife Service investigated a dead calf in Socorro County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was killed by a coyote.

On April 21, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 21, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 23, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a coyote kill.

On April 24, the IFT received a report of an elk killed by wolves in Auger Canyon near a residence and that three wolves were observed feeding on the carcass. The IFT determined from GPS points that the Hoodoo Pack had location points on the elk kill.

On April 27, the IFT received a report of an elk having been killed by wolves approximately 250 yards from the nearest residence in Nutrioso.  The elk was removed from the location. A diversionary food cache was started near the Hoodoo Pack den to mitigate wolves hunting and killing elk in proximity to houses.  Members of the Hoodoo Pack have been using the diversionary food cache regularly. The IFT maintained a presence in the Nutrioso area in effort to haze wolves if they returned to the valley and to visit with residents to provide self-help information on what to do if a wolf was encountered.  The IFT has taken management action in this situation due to the wolves’ repeated use of areas in close proximity to homes. It is important to note that the wolves have not been remaining in the community during the day and on the few occasions when encountered by people, the wolves have run away.

On April 27, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 27, Wildlife Services investigated an injured calf in Greenlee County, AZ.  The investigation determined the calf was injured by a bear.

On April 30, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined that the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION
On April 5, WMAT presented to Arizona health professionals in Hon-Dah, AZ

On April 10, WMAT presented on KNNB radio in Whiteriver, AZ.

On April 14, USFWS personnel presented to a group at the Phoenix Zoo.

On April 25, USFWS and AZGFD presented at a meeting held in Springerville hosted by Apache County.

PROJECT PERSONNEL
The USFWS welcomed two new volunteers in March and two in April to the program. During this time, three other volunteers completed their volunteer commitment with the USFWS, moving on to other career opportunities and experiences. Thanks for all your hard work and dedication!

Other News

National

From SanWild Wildlife Trust (lizel=sanwild.org@mail173.suw14.mcdlv.net); on behalf of; SanWild Wildlife Trust (lizel@sanwild.org)

In Loving Memory of Louise Joubert Founder of SanWild

Losing the pillar & a mother everyone leaned on, has meant huge adjustments for everyone involved with SanWild. We are doing what we can to pull together and continue the dream and vision she had.
The animals she saved depend on us to ensure they are fed and cared for. The immediate need is as always the lions and to continue to be able to put out Teff & Lucerne. With 11 lions to feed it is a costly part of the ongoing financial need.
If there are any companies or individuals who would like to sponsor either a lion or a pride on an ongoing basis please do let us know. We are registered as a public benefit organization, which means that donations from within South Africa are fully tax deductible.
We greatly appreciate your support to help continue Louise’s dream through the Memorial Fund, you can donate via the PayPal portal or if you would like to make a direct deposit the banking details are as follows:
Account holder:SanWild Trust
Bank:ABSA
Branch: Danie Joubert Street, Tzaneen,0850.
Bank account nr: 911 122 1180
Branch Code: 334349
Swift Code: ABSAZAJJ
IBAN CODE: ZA632005
Reference: name/memorial fund
Please do email us so we can record your donation or if you have any queries, lizel@sanwild.org

Personally, I would like to thank each and everyone that has contacted me about the passing of my mom. It is amazing to see how many people she touched through the amazing work she has done.
I won’t lie, it is very difficult for me to accept that my mom, is not just a phone call away anymore…and the pain of losing her is still very raw and the emptiness unbearable, but she would have wanted us to be strong and protect what she has build and fought for, for so many years, and that is each and every animal that has found their forever home at SanWild.

My mom had so much knowledge and was so driven, a one in a million type of women that I am very proud of. I might not have all the knowledge that she had but I shared her passion and so did all the other trustees and so many supporters and friends of her and SanWild and through that, WE WILL do everything to keep SanWild up and running.
Please bare with me if I do not get to everyone’s messages right away but please know I will answer everyone soonest.
Thank you for all your support, this really means allot to us.
Kind regards
Lizel Kachelhoffer

Next Door

 From Johnny Rodrigues (newsletter@zimconservationtaskforce.com)

ZCTF Update -April 20th

Yes, you are not dreaming – Johnny is back with his ZCTF reports from Zimbabwe.

Johnny, welcome back – with really missed you!

The previous First Lady, Grace Mugabe, is under investigation for smuggling and exportation of ivory, gold and diamonds out of Zimbabwe. Investigators only touched the tip of the iceberg as it is believed that Ms. Mugabe started smuggling as early as 2005 while serving in her role as First Lady.  Ms. Mugabe had a history of being very friendly with one of the female Chinese Nationals and it is of our opinion that they were likely working together.

ZCTF believes that the investigation into Ms. Mugabe’s alleged smuggling activities should be carried out by an independent agency. We have been following the practices of CIO airport security for a number of years. It is possible that under Ms. Mugabe’s instruction, ivory was smuggled onto planes that flew directly to China under the watchful eye of airport “security.”

After the investigation takes place, if Ms. Mugabe and other senior members of government are found guilty or involved in the smuggling of ivory, they should be prosecuted and brought to justice. Monies derived from the sale of ivory and wildlife should be confiscated and repaid to the National Parks.

The Professional Hunters (PH) fraternity of Zimbabwe lost all ethics of hunting when they killed collared wildlife. Ethical considerations fell to the wayside during the previous regime due to corruption and greed. The death of the big tusked elephant in Gonarezhou can be added to the increasing list of collared animals killed by trophy hunters to include Cecil and Xanda among others. There are too many conflicting reports offered up by researchers, safari operators, hunters and people responsible for collaring the wildlife.  A Memorandum of Understanding between hunters, safari operators and researchers should state that any collared animal should not be shot, killed or disturbed in any manner. People involved in hunting a collared animal should be penalized appropriately to deter others from committing similar actions.

The Professional Hunter involved with the recent killing of the collared big tusked elephant is part owner of the Three Monkeys Restaurant in Victoria Falls. We believe this restaurant is a lucrative business that serves a wide variety of exotic meat and steaks. The procurement and source of the meat served leaves the ZCTF highly suspicious, as no matter what you order in the way of steaks and or meat, they seem to have it. People should be aware that in many instances they are eating wildlife.

ZCTF just learned that four lions and ten hyenas have been captured for export to China. These numbers are in addition to the eighteen hyenas and ten lions exported earlier to China. China placed a new order for an additional 200 baby elephants. The new order for 200 baby elephants is in addition to the outstanding order of 100 baby elephants that remain to be captured. This is NOT conservation.

Earlier in February, four crocodiles were captured in Hwange to be exported to China. This capture occurred under the new President. It appears nothing much has changed at this point. Perhaps positive changes for conservation will happen with the election of a new democratic government.

In addition to the loss of wildlife due to poaching and hunting; habitat loss is at an all-time high through deforestation. Trees, indigenous to Zimbabwe, are being felled. These trees and timber are being exported out of Zimbabwe to China. This has to stop.

CITES gave their constitution, governing rules and regulations to the world.  Too many regulations are being broken and ignored in Africa. Nothing is being done. Where is CITES as the habitats and wildlife are being pillaged in Africa?

See our  new ZCTF Video –  Click Here To Watch

 Please feel free to contact me: 

Johnny Rodrigues at ZCTF: Phone: 351 962 064 646 

Email- Admin1@zimconservationtaskforce.com 

Skype: Johnny Rodrigues44  

International

Nothing to report.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

How do Wolves react to venomous snakes?
Why are dogs not scared of snakes?
by Jan Dönges

Most people shun contact with snakes, even if they have never made bad experiences with reptiles. This instinctive aversion is probably an evolutionary artefact of our past and meant to protect us from dangerous strikes. With dogs, it is a different story entirely: Much to the distress of their owners, they will often approach a snake without any partiality. In Europe, the common adder may pose a risk to them occasionally, but in the US, thousands of strikes, mainly by rattlesnakes, are recorded every year.

Curiosity is the driving force behind how these encounters play out, that is what a team of researchers headed by Michele Mulholland from the California State University in San Marcos thinks. Their experiments even demonstrated that the scent of a venomous snake was more attractive to dogs than that of a harmless one.

Their publication in the journal Applied Animal Behaviour Science describes how a total of 117 domestic dogs responded to four different scent samples and inspected them. These samples had been created by placing a mouse, a slug, a non-venomous snake represented by a boa constrictor, and a venomous rattlesnake on sheets of newspaper until their scents had been transferred to them. While the mouse scent was clearly the most attractive one to the dogs, it also showed that the scent of the venomous reptile was more attractive than that of the harmless one. The scent of the slug attracted the least interest.

To find out whether the dogs experienced fear when they sniffed the samples, it was recorded by which nostril they inspected the individual scents. The background for this is results from previous studies that indicated that dogs will analyse scents suggesting danger primarily with the right nostril and thus with the right side of the brain. In the current experiments, however, the dogs took in all scents with both nostrils, suggesting they did not experience fear.

These results are enigmatic from a perspective of evolutionary biology. Why do dogs lack an inheritent fear of snakes even though strikes from venomous ones have been harming them on a regular basis? Dogs, and their wild ancestors, have had contact with snakes forever, which means they had enough time to develop and genetically embed an appropriate protection mechanism. Has this mechanism perhaps been subsequently lost during the thousands of years of domestication?

Answers could possibly be found in a follow-up experiment using wolves. Should these not be afraid of snakes either, then it might be presumed that these reptiles do not pose too much of a threat to them after all. A wild wolf may also be much more careful in an encounter with a snake than a wired dog intent on playing. Alternatively, the answer might lie with the snakes: Being ambush hunters, they depend on not giving away their presence by their scent, neither to their prey nor to their predators. They might therefore mask constituents in their scents that may be detected as warning signals by other animals. This type of chemical camouflage has already been demonstrated to exist in the case of the African puffadder.

The question that for now remains to be answered is: How do wolves respond to venomous snakes?

The full article can be found here.

Or in the German Journal Spektrum der WissenschaftMade available by Dipl.-Biol. Birgit Rödder, www.catility.deTranslated here from German

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 150

Mother Wolf Lassie
by ISMA

I would like to share the true story as a salute to my “mother wolf Lassie”.

I was born in Germany and had a nanny in my first early years. Her husband was a captain on a big ship.

Around 1950, he brought a wolf baby back from one of his journeys. This wolf was raised with a lot of problems and a lot of love. In 1958, I was living in their house and the wolf called Lassie was a good friend of mine. I was 2 years old and one day I crawled into the house of the wolf in the garden, enjoying her scent and beautiful eyes, and I eventually fell asleep lying behind her. My poor nanny was looking for me for a long time. She wondered why Lassie did not come out of her house until she discovered that I was lying behind her. She couldn’t touch me and all she could do was wait. When I woke up I crawled outside and Lassie followed me. The heart of my Nanny stood almost still when she saw us both. An unusual friendship began. I walked with her, slept with her, and I loved her very much.

I will never forget her beautiful eyes and the last time I saw her before she died, her golden green eyes full of wisdom and love.

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

Winter has arrived – the days are still pleasantly warm, but the nights speak another language. It’s a bit early for my taste, but who cares about my opinion?

With the days getting shorter and shorter the pack is also preparing for wintertime, coming into the house much earlier now in the evenings, cuddling up on the couches, sleeping longer in the mornings, and demanding bigger rations of food.

Today the weather is very strange; we woke up to hardly any daylight, only 11 ºC and pouring rain. The furry kids just lifted their heads, peeked out of the window and decided it was the right weather for stay in bed. They have my full sympathy and I wish I could also just sleep the day away, but unfortunately human day schedule does not care about the weather. Ted and I had to get up, wrap up in warm clothes and start to go about our business with an envious look at the kids curling up on the bed, closing their eyes, and not giving a damn.

I don’t mind the late rain, for it actually saves me the extra work of watering the garden, but I hate this dimmed grey light with not a hint of sunshine and the cold temperatures. I’m not made for winter, hehe.

Otherwise we are all fine and healthy, and when I think about it, it could be worse – it could be snowing…

Will be continued…

Volume 13, Issue 162, April 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 162, April 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

Here comes another big fat newsletter. Wolf news from around the world make up the bulk, but for a change, there are some positive news from the US. It doesn’t mean, of course, that this section would be free of crass bad and even outright perverse news. The Horror Clown plays a key role here as well. As always, I can only recommend you read through it for yourself to know what’s going on on this poor planet.

We also have a write-up on the wolves in Oregon, and a short story worth reading. Erin updates us on her pack, this time illustrating a musical facet.

And lastly a short reminder that there is also news regarding my own book, A Houseful Headful of Wolves (German edition: Das Haus Den Kopf voller Wölfe), in that there are now links on SAFOW’s Facebook page and on the SAFOW website  for submitting book reviews: http://safow.org/book-review/. Here you can post a short review in English or German without even having to register. We are looking forward to receiving your reviews because we really want to know your thoughts on this book.

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:

Wolves in a Changing World

October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.

Register now

Location & Lodging:

Minneapolis Marriott Northwest
7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428
Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Early registration – $399.00* (– May 31, 2018)
  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more here.

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs.

 Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long!  The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12.  All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.
SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Spring Break Camp 
SPRING SESSION: APRIL 3 – 6
For children entering grades 3 – 5  ​
Time: 9AM – 3PM
Fee: $300 per child for the 4-day program (Tuesday – Friday)
Information & registration HERE.

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the center home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration here.

Summer Internships for College Students

The Wolf Conservation Center is pleased to offer summer environmental education internship opportunities for college students! The environmental education internship is designed to expose interns to the field of conservation education and wildlife biology. Interns conduct a variety of education programs and assist with the daily operations of the WCC.

Information here.

 

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone (website)

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!

SUMMER FAMILY ADVENTURE: August 5 – 10, 2018: Details here.

FALL WILDLIFE ADVENTURE: September 8 – 13, 2018: Details here.

News from the Wolf Front

National

From the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary (newsletter February 2018; Frans Badenhorst, wolfrescuesa@gmail.com)

We are happy to report that wolf Philly has survived the Rinkhals bite, and that a log cabin has been build in the sanctuary for those who don’t like to sleep in a tent. It has two single beds, light and much more, which will be very nice in winter.

There is a new limited Destiny bumper sticker available with a picture of Seth; contact the Husky Romi Wolf Sanctuary to get one; only 100 will be printed.

Check out the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary’s Facebook page for more information here.

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: Lobos celebrate 20 years back in the wild

In 1998, I was in Alpine, Arizona as we released 11 Mexican gray wolves, or lobos, into the wild for the first time since they had been wiped out in the mid-1970s. Tomorrow marks 20 years since that fateful day – a day filled with so much hope for lobos.

It’s a day I am happy I can share just a little bit with you now – through this short video.

As I reflect on the unforgettable memories of that day, and look at where we are now, I see that despite our high hopes as we began this journey, this incredible wolf species continues to face an uncertain future.

It’s clear that lobos still need our help – and our commitment – to fully recover in the wild.

That’s why I wanted to share this short video about the lobo with you, so that you might be as inspired to protect these animals as I am: Take action.

Today just 114 wolves are found in the Southwest United States. Their future depends on more wolf reintroductions, greater connectivity with populations in Mexico and habitat expansion into the Rockies and the Grand Canyon – all things their new “recovery plan” fails to deliver.

Releasing those wolves 20 years ago was truly a once-in-a-lifetime experience. It was remarkable to see them begin their journey to reclaim the land they once roamed. I knew then – as I do now – that I will do whatever it takes to see them thrive again and I know you will too.

Help us make Mexican gray wolf recovery one of the greatest wildlife success stories of our time: Take action.

 

  1. USA: 20 years in: Are lobos losing the fight?

It was supposed to be a Cinderella story, but 20 years after their reintroduction into the wild, the recovery of Mexican gray wolves is far from its fairytale ending.

Mexican gray wolves are down, but not out. Help us give them the ending they deserve: Take action.

In 1998, I found myself in Alpine, Arizona opening the crates that would give Mexican gray wolves – or lobos – a new lease on life. It was remarkable to play a role in bringing lobos back to the American landscape. But I knew even in that moment of pure joy, they faced a tough road ahead.

Today their population continues to struggle to find a foothold. Political ill-will and illegal killings – the number one threat to lobos – still plague the species’ recovery. Just last month, two lobos were found dead in Arizona – a male and a female.

Lobos are on a collision course with disaster. We need your urgent support to give lobos the future they were promised: Help save Lobos.

This could be the defining moment for the future of Mexican gray wolves.

With their numbers in the wild hovering just above 100, lobos remain one of the most endangered mammals in North America.

In order for lobos to have a fighting chance, more wolves need to be introduced into the wild, they need greater connectivity with populations in Mexico and opportunities to expand their habitat into the Rockies and the Grand Canyon. Tragically, their new fatally-flawed “recovery plan” fails to address these needs – and the proposed construction of a border wall would only make their situation more dire.

Help us turn the tide for lobos facing potential disaster: Take action.

Defenders is suing the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service over their “Mexican gray wolf recovery plan” that would tip the scales toward ruin.

We won’t give up on the promise made 20 years ago when lobos were restored to the wild. Defenders is fighting for lobos – just as we always have – but the challenges are mounting and we need more help than ever before.

Will you answer the call for lobos caught in the crosshairs? Take action.

Their recovery is achievable and I know it will happen, but we are going to have to continue to fight hard for these amazing animals.

  1. USA: A major victory for wolves!

Yesterday a federal judge decided in our favor and forcefully rejected the catastrophic Mexican gray wolf management rules written by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

This is a major victory for lobos – and we couldn’t have done it without the help of supporters like you!

The judge squarely decided that the management rules unlawfully imposed roadblocks to the recovery of Mexican gray wolves (or lobos), arbitrarily imposed population caps, blocked lobos from accessing habitat necessary for their recovery and made it easier to kill them in the wild.

This decision is an important next step for lobos’ continued recovery. And we have you to thank for it – because without your support we couldn’t have made it this far. But the fight isn’t over.

Help Defenders continue our work to restore lobos and other imperiled species here.

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Wolfsschutz Deutschland on Facebook.

1. Germany: Wolf cubs in Thuringia shot by order of the government. Please help!

Once again German politic has dissociated itself from law and order and taken guidance from the interests of lobbyists. In Thuringia, three of the six hybrid pups were shot, although they should actually have been captured and moved to the Alternativer Bärenpark (“Alternative Bear Park”). We could have lived with this solution, even if this decision was marked by hysteria rather than reasonable management of wild animals.

These six hybrid cups were said to be a threat to the “pure breeding” of Germany’s wolves – and this in our country? A “threat” to “pure breeding” is, from an arithmetically point of view alone, almost impossible. The reproduction rate of our wolves is still below 30%, which means in other words that most of the pups do not even reach their second year of age.

According to the media, this whole exercise has cost the tax payer about Euro 100,000, and furthermore they stated:
“The animals were captured by a contracted trapper, who had placed baits on the army training grounds Ohrdruf to lure the animals into snares. They were then shot by hunters whose identities are kept secret by the ministry.”

This passage was later removed from the online report, but if this statement is true, and there are indications that they, it would be a genuine scandal. Why shoot the pups dead if they already had a place in the bear park?

We from Wolfsschutz Deutschland (Wolf Protection Germany) have laid charges against minister Siegesmund and the unidentified shooters, because hybrid pups are as strictly protected by law as are “true” wolves.
You can read more here.

Every citizen can lay charges at no costs against the minister and the shooters here.

You can also find updated information in our Facebook group here.

 

  1. The surviving wolf cubs are to be shot, too. Here is how you can help!

Three of the wolf hybrid pups were shot last week, now the surviving three are to follow. The Thuringian minister for Environmental Affairs, Siegesmund, sees herself in the right and states that they have permission from the DBB-Wolf (www.dbb-wolf.de), but we have laid charges against her. The DBB-Wolf is made up of the Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, the federal agency for Nature Conservation Senckenberg and Leibnitz institution, as well as the LUPUS institution, which is financed by the Saxon Ministry for Agriculture, the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, the Federal Forest Administration, and IFAW. One could therefore be so naughty as to claim that they have given permission for the shooting to themselves. The fact of the matter is that not one single independent institution in Germany is responsible for wolves.

There have always been hybrids, a fact that is also stated in a brand-new publication by the Senckenberg Institute. Even whales ignore “racist laws”, as you can read here.
Instead of shooting the black Thuringian wolf pups, Thuringian politics should rather ensure that dog owners won’t let their dogs roam free in Ohrdruf without being heavily fined.

Unfortunately laying charges against the minister will not protect the remaining three pups from being shot; for that an emergency appeal or restraining order were necessary. But such a court order can only be obtained by recognized environmental associations, which have the right to sue. This is a very complicated right, and the associations that would like to lay charges are not allowed to do so, and the ones that are allowed don’t want to do it. We would therefore like to support a small environmental association to save the hybrid pups. The media have published an article about that, but the reason why it is so difficult to find a cooperative partner has not been mentioned: details here.

NABU Thuringia have told us that they preferred if we did not mention that the Thuringia NABU-collaborator did not support the “killing” of the pups but the “removal” – how cynical is that: so far all “removed” wolves ended up dead.

We appeal to the common sense and the compassion of minister Siegesmund. Please, let the remaining hybrid pups live.
Please send your appeals via mail to: info@anja-siegesmund.de

From Change.org (Heather L. via Change.org (change@mail.change.org)

USA: Appropriations Bill Passed Without Anti-Lobo Rider!

Victory! The anti-lobo rider was not included within the Omnibus Appropriations Bill when it was passed by Congress! Thank you to everyone who fought against the anti-lobo rider – this victory would not have been possible without your help!
While we celebrate this victory, we should keep in mind that Congress may try to delist Mexican Gray Wolves again in the future, so we must keep an eye on them and ensure that they do not get away with this!

From Leda Huta, Endangered Species Coalition (action@endangered.org)

  1. USA: Great Lakes wolves to remain protected!

I have an update–and my sincere thanks–for you today. We have learned in the last hour that policy riders that would have delisted Great Lakes wolves have been eliminated from the final version of the omnibus spending bill! This is fantastic news and means that wolves in Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin will not face hunting and trapping seasons in the near future!

This is an enormous win for both Grey wolves and for the Endangered Species Act. Had the War on Wolves Act rider advanced, it would have paved the way for even more politically-based listing decisions. We have heard from allies in Congress that senators and representatives received thousands of emails, phone calls, and tweets asking them to keep these wolves protected. The bill is not perfect. It contains concerning language about greater sage grouse and the border wall, but have no doubt – this is a huge, huge win. This victory for wolves would not have been possible without you. Thank you for standing up for wolves and for being an active member of the conservation community.

  1. PETITION: Tell the Trump Administration to save lobos

This LoboWeek  marks the 20th anniversary of the release of 11 captive-reared Mexican gray wolves (or lobos) into the wilds of Arizona and New Mexico. Hunting, trapping, and poisoning caused the extinction of lobos in the wild three decades before this effort to bring them back.

Add your name to tell the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS) to release more lobos here.

In the twenty years that followed that release, lobos have slowly come back to the Southwest but progress has been limited by the politics of state agencies and anti-wolf special interests. Today, the wild population stands at 114 wolves. In 2017, 12 wolves died in unexplained circumstances and another was killed by the USFWS.

If lobos are ever to come back, the USFWS and states of the Southwest need to commit to their recovery. Additional locations must be established for lobos to be released into.

Sign the LoboWeek petition asking the USFWS to release more lobos into the wild  here.

We know that the public supports these wolves. Our analysis demonstrated that 99 percent of people submitting public comments support lobo recovery efforts. In spite of that, the recently-released recovery plan from the Trump Administration does the bare minimum under the law. Please join us in asking the USFWS to focus on bringing lobos back by releasing more lobos  here.

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

From Change.org (Salty Dog via Change.org [change@mail.change.org])

  • USA: One Year Ago the US-Senate Voted to Kill Wolf Pups and Hibernating Bears. The Law is still in effect
  • One year ago today, the US-Senate passed S.J. RES. 18 by a vote of 51 to 47 to allow the Killing of Denning Wolves and their Pups, Hibernating Bears, and other Predators on National Refuges Land in Alaska. Trump signed it into law without hesitation.
    THIS LAW IS STILL IN EFFECT!
    All 51 Republicans and one Independent voted in favor, all 47 Nays were Democrats and 1 Independent.
    Vote them out of office coming November.
  • Read the full article here.

 

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Victory – Great Lakes Wolves to Remain Protected

Policy riders that would have eliminated Endangered Species Act protections for Grey wolves in 4 states were dropped from the final version of the omnibus spending bill (see details here)!

A Victory for Wolves and the Endangered Species Act!

You did it! Congress heard your howls!

Every voice raised in support of wildlife and wild places can make a difference. And when we all work together, we can make big things happen! None of this would have been possible without your calls, emails and the leaders in Congress who stand for wolves!

  1. USA: It’s LoboWeek – Celebrating 20 years of Mexican Gray Wolves in the Wild. Celebrating a Wild Milestone

On March 29, 1998, 11 captive-reared Mexican gray wolves were released to the wild for the first time in Arizona and New Mexico. Missing from the landscape for more than 30 years, the howl of the rarest and most unique subspecies of gray wolf was once again greeted by the mountains of the south-west.
March 2018 marks the 20th anniversary of this historic event, a significant milestone for the lobo and wildlife conservation!

In recognition of the anniversary, the Wolf Conservation Center is among a growing group of partners participating #LoboWeek, an international movement to educate people about the Mexican wolf, or “lobo,” and our efforts to successfully restore this critically endangered predator to its ancestral home in the wild.

All week long, the WCC was celebrating on social media with interesting lobo facts, ways to take action, special events, “Lobo Loot” giveaways and more!

  1. USA: Hope For Mexican Gray Wolves

The last hope for Mexican gray wolves lies in the hands of conservationists.
The Mexican gray wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) or “Lobo” is the most genetically distinct lineage of wolves in the Western Hemisphere, and one of the most endangered mammals in North America.
The critically endangered predator almost vanished from the face of the earth in the mid-20th century because of human persecution. The entire population of Mexican wolves alive today descends from just seven individuals that were captured and placed into a captive breeding program before the species was exterminated from the wild.
Twenty years ago, 11 captive-reared lobos were released to the wild for the first time in Arizona and New Mexico. Missing from the landscape for more than 30 years, the howl of the rarest and most unique subspecies of gray wolf was once again greeted by the mountains of the south-west.
As the result of a reintroduction program, today there is a single population of approximately 114 Mexican wolves existing in the wild in the United States. However, the reintroduced population suffers from high mortality due to illegal killing and compromised genetics because of its brush with extinction.
For almost two decades, the Wolf Conservation Center has played a critical role in preserving and protecting these imperiled predators through carefully managed breeding, research, and reintroduction. To date, the WCC remains one of the three largest holding facilities for Mexican gray wolves and three wolves from the Center have been released to their ancestral homes in the wild.
In 2014, Earthjustice—on behalf of the Wolf Conservation Center, Center for Biological Diversity, Defenders of Wildlife, retired Fish Wildlife Service Mexican Wolf Recovery Coordinator David R. Parsons,  and the Endangered Wolf Center  — filed a lawsuit against the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for failing to develop a recovery plan. A settlement of that lawsuit led to the issuance of the Mexican wolf recovery plan that the same plaintiffs are now challenging. We’re asking a federal judge to order the government to develop a Mexican wolf recovery plan that legitimately responds to recovery needs for the species as the law requires.

  1. Man Armed with Semiautomatic Rifle Guns Down Family of 10 Wolves

Denali Wolves Need Your Voice

Although it’s illegal to hunt and trap wolves within Denali National Park, wolves are vulnerable as soon as they cross the park’s invisible boundary. A man armed with a semiautomatic rifle recently gunned down a family of 10 wolves near the park’s border.

It’s too late for these 10 wolves, but we can’t give up on protecting the others who call Denali National Park home. Please take action today.

Take Action here.

Wolves in Alaska are not protected under state or federal law. Thus, despite the fact that hunting and trapping are illegal within Denali National Park itself, wandering wolves are vulnerable when they slip beyond the park’s border.

On March 30, 2018, Alaska officials issued an emergency order closing the wolf hunting and trapping season on state land adjacent to the eastern boundary of Denali over concerns that excessive kills may destabilize this iconic wolf population.

A few days later photos surfaced showing a man armed with a semiautomatic rifle displaying ten wolf carcasses outside Denali.

For several years now, there has been a notable decline in the number of wolf sightings in Denali and research indicates that wolf mortality rates in the park have recently spiked to worrying levels, with the lowest estimated wolf density recorded since monitoring began in 1986.

Meanwhile, the percentage of sightseers who have spotted a wolf has dropped from 45% to just 5%.

It’s time for the state to make changes.

Please join us and demand Alaska to restore a no hunting/trapping buffer adjacent to Denali National Park!

Take action here.

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – March 1-31, 2018

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf . For information on the FAIR call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit www.wmatoutdoors.org.

Past updates may be viewed on these websites. Interested parties may sign upto receive this update electronically by visiting www.azgfd.com and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AZGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH or www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/RWL.cfm

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: the Alpine wolf office at (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office at (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 388-4385 ext. 226. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

On March 24, 2018 Sherry Barrett retired from the position of Mexican Wolf Recovery Coordinator for the USFWS. The IFT thanks Sherry for her leadership and dedication to Mexican wolf recovery efforts during her 7 years as coordinator. The Mexican Wolf Recovery Coordinator position will be filled by temporary acting assignments until a new coordinator is hired.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) are used to indicate wolves younger than 24 months. A lowercase “p” preceding the number is used to indicate a wolf pup born in the most recent spring. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. Studbook numbers listed in the monthly update denote wolves with functioning radio collars. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

The IFT completed the annual year-end population survey which started November 1, 2017 and concluded with helicopter count and capture operations conducted from January 24, 2018 through February 3, 2018. The year-end minimum population count for 2017 was 114 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico. Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year. This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups. At the end of March, there were 75 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, AF1335, m1676, and fp1683)

In March, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF), and occasionally documented on the SCAR. Female pup 1683 made dispersal movements north of Bear Wallow’s traditional territory, but rejoined the pack by the end of the month.

Bluestem Pack (collared f1686)

In March, the IFT documented Bluestem in the pack’s traditional territory in the central portion of the ASNF. Yearling female 1686 was captured, collared, and released on site.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, fp1668, and mp1671)

In March, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pack to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In March, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and New Mexico.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, f1550, mp1666, mp1677, and mp1681)

In March, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF. The IFT hazed the Hoodoo Pack several times this month in the Nutrioso area to deter them from frequenting areas with residences. Sub-adult f1550 was documented travelling apart from the Hoodoo Pack with m1571 in the month of March.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In March, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In March, the Panther Creek Pack was located in their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. The members of the pack have been travelling separately. Sub-adult m1574 has been occasionally documented travelling on the SCAR.

Pine Spring Pack (collared F1562 and AM1394)

In March, the Pine Spring Pack was located within their territory in the north central portion of the ASNF. The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pair to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488 and m1471)

In March, the Prime Canyon Pack continued to travell within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Saffel Pack (collared AM1441, AF1567, mp1661, and mp1680)

In March, the Saffel Pack was located in their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Single collared m1477

In March, m1477 was documented in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared F1489

In March, F1489 was documented travelling in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared m1571

In March, m1571 was documented in the north central portion of the ASNF. Sub-adult m1571 has been documented travelling with Hoodoo f1550 during the month of March.

Single collared m1673

In March, m1673 made wide dispersal movements into New Mexico and has been documented travelling in the south central portion of the ASNF.

ON THE FAIR:

Baldy Pack (collared AM1347 and mp1672)

In March, the Baldy Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR and the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343, AF1283, and fp1674)

In March, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

Single collared wolf m1559

In March, m1559 was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR with f1679, and occasionally using the SCAR.

Single collared wolf f1560

In March, f1560 was documented travelling with the Baldy Pack in the eastern portion of the FAIR and north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Single collared f1679

In March, f1679 was documented travelling with m1559 in the eastern portion of the FAIR, and occasionally using the SCAR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Copper Creek Pack (collared AM1386)

During March, the Copper Creek Pack was documented travelling in the western portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF), within the pack’s traditional territory. In March, AM1386 was located dead in New Mexico. The incident is under investigation.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared AF1456 and AM1354)

During March, the Dark Canyon Pack was documented travelling together within their traditional territory, in the west central portion of the GNF.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During March, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.

Lava Pack (collared AF1405 and AM1285)

During March, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south-eastern portion of the GNF.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During March, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness. Male 1561 continued to make dispersal movements within the GNF.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158, AF1487, and fp1684)

During March, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a food cache for the Luna pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and fp1664)

During March, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north-western portion of the GNF. The IFT initiated and maintained a diversionary food cache for the Mangas Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict. The IFT documented three uncollared wolves with the Mangas Pack

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, f1565, mp1669, and mp1678)

During March, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and fp1578)

During March, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, AF1553, mp1667, and fp1682)

During March, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Single collared AM1038

During March, AM1038 of the old Hawks Nest Pack continued to travel with f1473 in north central portions of the GNF.

Single collared AM1155

During March, AM1155 of the old Morgart’s Pack was not located by the IFT.

Single collared M1453

In March, M1453 was documented travelling within the western portion of Cibola National Forest (CNF) with f1685.

Single collared f1473

During March, f1473 was documented travelling in north central portions of the GNF with AM1038.

Single collared m1486

During March, m1486 travelled throughout the northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared m1569

During March, m1569 travelled widely in New Mexico and was located dead. The incident is under investigation.

Single collared f1685

During March, f1685 was documented travelling with M1453 in the western portion of the CNF.

MORTALITIES

In March, M1386 was located dead in New Mexico. The incident is under investigation.

In March, m1569 was located dead in New Mexico. The incident is under investigation.

From January 1 to March 31, 2018 there have been a total of four documented wolf mortalities.

INCIDENTS

During the month of March, there were 11 confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock. There were five nuisance incidents investigated in March, three of which were confirmed as wolf by the IFT. From January 1 to March 31, 2018 there have been a total of 22 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in New Mexico and 4 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in Arizona.

On March 4, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Sierra County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 4, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Socorro County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 6, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 6, WMAT investigated an injured calf on the FAIR. The investigation determined .the probable cause of injury to be wolf.

On March 8, Wildlife Services investigated two dead cows on the SCAR. The investigations determined both cows were confirmed wolf kills.

On March 8, the IFT investigated reports of three wolves feeding on a dead elk in the Chapache housing area in Alpine. The IFT responded and located two recently killed elk in an open field near several houses. The wolves had left by the time the IFT arrived. The IFT learned that the wolves were scared away when a homeowner walked out of their house. The remains of the elk carcass were removed from the area to eliminate the attractant of wolves returning to the area. Other homeowners in the area were contacted by the IFT and advised of their legal rights under provisions in the Federal Final 2015 10(j) rule to protect domestic dogs and livestock from wolves. Private land owners or their designee can shoot wolves that are in the act of biting, killing, or wounding domestic animals (livestock or non-feral dogs) on non-federal land (private, tribal, or state land). Any form of harassment or shooting of Mexican wolves must be reported within 24 hours to the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service by telephone 505-346-2525; or fax 505-346-2542.

On March 9, WMAT investigated a dead heifer on the FAIR. The investigation determined the cow died of unknown causes.

On March 11, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 12, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was killed by coyotes.

On March 12, the IFT took a report of a dead elk in Nutrioso near Hulsey Creek. The IFT investigated the carcass and did not have any evidence to confirm that the elk had been killed by wolves. There were no GPS points from wolves in the area during the time when the elk would have died. The carcass was removed from the area.

On March 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 14, the IFT took a nuisance report of wolves coming into a camp north of Alpine. The reporting party indicated they had heard howling close to their camp and thought animals may have come into their camp at night while sleeping. The IFT confirmed from GPS points that the Elk Horn Pack was in the area that night, but did not have evidence to corroborate that wolves had come into the camp.

On March 15, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 17, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 17, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a probable wolf kill.

On March 18, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow died from unknown causes.

On March 20, the IFT received a report that wolves had killed an elk in Dry Valley in Nutrioso. The IFT responded to the area and confirmed the Hoodoo Pack had killed an elk in the area approximately 100 yards from the nearest residence. While in the area, several people were contacted who reported seeing wolves on the elk carcass and travelling back into the forest that morning. The remnants of the elk carcass were removed to eliminate further attractant of wolves to the area. Because this was the second confirmed elk kill this month by the Hoodoo pack in proximity to houses, the IFT initiated multiple and sustained hazing efforts on members of the Hoodoo pack in effort to increase their aversion to areas with human presence. Several residents in the area were also issued less than lethal rounds to use to haze any wolves that return to the area of Dry Valley.

On March 21, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 23, WMAT investigated a dead cow on the FAIR. The investigation determined the cow died of unknown causes.

On March 23, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the cow died of unknown causes.

On March 27, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 30, Wildlife Services investigated an injured domestic dog in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation confirmed the dog’s injuries were caused by wolves several days prior. The IFT responded to the area on the following day and initiated monitoring efforts in the area that remain ongoing at the time of this writing. The IFT confirmed there were no wolves with functional radio collars and no known wolf packs in the area at the time of the incident.

On March 30, Wildlife Services investigated an injured calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation confirmed the calf’s injuries were caused by wolves.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On March 15, WMAT presented at an Integrated Natural Resources Group meeting in Whiteriver, AZ.

On March 22, WMAT presented to BIA Fort Apache Fire Management personnel in Whiteriver, AZ.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

There are no project personnel updates for March.

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at (505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

Other News

National

Nothing to report.

Next Door

From Change.org (Salty Dog via Change.org [change@mail.change.org])

Kenya: The last male Northern White Rhino has died

Sudan was a captive male northern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum cottoni) who lived from 1975 to 2009 in the Dvůr Králové Zoo in Czechia from where he was moved to the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Laikipia, Kenya.

At the time of his death, he was one of the last three living northern white rhinos worldwide and the last known male of his kind. On the 19th March 2018 he was euthanized after suffering from “age-related complications”.

Sudan was two years old when he and another five northern white rhinos were captured in Shambe, in Sudan, by animal trappers. The captured group comprised two males (Sudan and Saut) and four females (Nola, Nuri, Nadi and Nesari).

At that time the number of northern white rhinos was already considered to be only around 700 animals in the wild. For many environmentalists, leaving the animals in nature was the only acceptable way of preserving the already rare subspecies, and the Dvůr Králové Zoo and their Chipperfield partners were heavily criticized for the capture. The zoo was specializing in African fauna and already displayed one of the largest collections out of Africa.

In 1975 Sudan and his group were shipped to the Dvůr Králové Zoo, which was the only zoo in the world where northern white rhinos were successfully bred. Their last calf was born in 2000.

Two years later Nasima joint the group. Nasima originated from Uganda and had lived in the Knowsley Safari Park near Prescot.

At the beginning of 1990 the northern white rhinos in Uganda and Sudan were wiped out; the only 13 still alive were living in the Garamba National Park in Zaire (now Democratic Republic of the Congo).

In 1986 the Conservation Breeding Specialist Group of the IUCN met in the Dvůr Králové Zoo to discuss ways to preserve last northern white rhinos; they decided to import Ben (an older male from London) to return Saut (a calf from the original 1975 group) from the San Diego Zoo to the Dvůr Králové Zoo. Attempts to add several southern rhinos to the group resulted in only mixed success. Several surgeries were performed on the females and their eggs to preserve genetic material, including Sudan’s semen.

Sudan fathered three calves and became the grandfather of one. The Dvůr Králové rhinos were getting older and after 2000 no more calves were being born around the world.

In June 2008 specialists again met in the Dvůr Králové Zoo to decide further steps to save the subspecies. In cooperation with the IUCN African Rhino Specialist Group (AfRSG), the World Zoo and Aquarium Association WAZA, the Berlin institute IZW as well as experts from the Vienna Veterinary institute and the European Zoo and Aquarium Association it was recommended to move Sudan and his group from Czechia to Africa. Substantial debate succeeded and strong objections were raised against this proposal, especially given the fact that expert and scientific organizations were available in Europe and insemination efforts could have continued in Czechia.

In December 2009 the rhinos, together with three other northern white rhinos, were moved to the Ol Pejeta Conservancy for a breeding program named “Last Chance To Survive”. It was hoped that Ol Pejeta would provide a more natural habitat and better hormonal balance for the animals to induce breeding, but all breeding attempts with Sudan at Ol Pejeta Conservancy were unsuccessful.

After Suni, one of the other three rhinos in the group, died in 2014 Sudan spend the final years of his life together with his daughter Najin and granddaughter Fatu.

At the end of 2017, Sudan suffered from an infection in his right hind leg, and although his condition improved over the following months, the infection returned and caused a serious deterioration of his condition in March 2018. Despite intensive care Sudan had to be euthanized on 19th March 2018.

In the weeks before Sudan’s death, Richard Vigne, CEO of the Ol Pejeta Conservancy, stated that “Sudan has been technically infertile for many years, so him dying is not going to affect the possibilities of recovery for the northern white rhino as a species.”

  1. US-Trophy Hunters Killed Rare Black Rhinos for $350.000 and $200.000 Respectively

Texas-based SAFARI CLUB INTERNATIONAL sells these hunts to its members as rare opportunities to kill something endangered before it’s gone. They are the organization behind these demented hunters.
Corey Knowlton from Texas paid $350.000,- and Michael Luzich of Las Vegas, NV paid $200.000,- for killing one of the most endangered animals in the world.

Read the full story here.

International

Nothing to report.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Wolves in Oregon, USA

(a summary of three articles by Zach Urness)

State wildlife officials issued a permit that allows the killing of two wolves from an Eastern Oregon pack blamed for attacking livestock.

The Pine Creek Pack attacked and killed two calves and injured four more in early April, according to state reports.

The livestock producer involved requested the state take action against the pack, because he would like to see the whole pack annihilated. His argument is that if a pack is killing livestock, you’ve got to kill every one of them that has been involved in that.

The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife stopped short of that request but did authorize the livestock producer to kill two wolves from the eight-member pack. ODFW officials also are authorized to kill the two wolves.

Under the terms of such a permit, the producer can kill up to two wolves on the private property he leases where the depredations occurred when his livestock is present on the property. This permit expires on May 4.

Pine Creek is a new pack of eight wolves — a breeding male and female, five yearlings and one other adult wolf. According to the ODFW the breeding female appears to be pregnant, and the permit does not stipulate which two wolves can be taken out.

Sean Stevens, executive director of the environmental group Oregon Wild, said that wolves should not be killed, especially not a pregnant female. Oregon is in the middle of a poaching epidemic and using a wolf management plan that expired three years ago.

Under state law, livestock producers are required to take non-lethal measures to deter wolf attacks. But if that doesn’t work, lethal action can be taken following “two depredations by wolves on livestock.”

ODFW officials said that the livestock producer had taken non-lethal measures to prevent attacks, including using range riders, hazing and delaying turning his cattle out, but it was apparently to no avail.

The two attacks took place on April 6 and 7 in the Fourmile Creek area of Baker County. ODFW officials inspected both incidents and confirmed both attacks came from wolves in the Pine Creek Pack.

Seven wolves of the Pine Creek Pack were observed in the same pasture as the calves, and the locations and size of the pre-mortem bite wounds are indicative of wolf attack. These, combined with the presence of wolves, were adequate to confirm this incident as a depredation of five calves by wolves of the Pine Creek Pack.

But that’s not enough; authorities plan to kill another two wolves in Northern Oregon after more livestock were attacked.

The Oregonian reports the wolves authorities are targeting are in the same pack as the two that were killed last week.

The pack of wolves in Wallowa County has become a problem for livestock in the area. State biologists estimated in December that the pack consists of about 10 wolves, and state officials previously said they’ve documented wolf attacks on seven cattle in the past 13 months, including three cattle kills.

Oregon removed wolves from the state’s Endangered Species list in 2015, but the animals remain on the federal list and are protected in Western Oregon. In north-east Oregon, however, the animals are managed under the state’s wolf plan.

Grey wolves only recently began returning to western Oregon, but there are increasing signs the small population of predators is no longer welcome.

Three collared wolves have been killed during the past year in south-west and south-central Oregon, prompting multiple investigations and a total of $40,000 in reward money for information on the unnatural deaths.

The most recent victim was OR-25, a 4-year-old male that was found dead Oct. 29 near Fort Klamath in Sun Pass State Forest. He joined OR-33 and OR-28, collared wolves that have also been killed in the Klamath Falls area since last October.

The deaths are significant because according to officials western Oregon is home to only about 15 to 20 wolves.

It’s a violation of the federal Endangered Species Act to kill a Grey wolf in the western two-thirds of Oregon, punishable by a $50,000 fine and a year in jail.

John Heil, spokesman for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, said that this is an unfortunate situation and they are concerned about it; they are going to work with their partners to try and find out what’s going on here.

OR-25, who originally dispersed from the Imnaha Pack in north-eastern Oregon, made headlines after roaming into California in 2016. One website even celebrated the arrival with the headline “Welcome OR-25: California’s Sexy New Lone Wolf!”

But OR-25 returned to Oregon and while likely searching for a mate roamed mostly in the area north and east of Klamath Falls. Details about how the wolf died were not released by the Fish and Wildlife service because of the “ongoing investigation.

Wolves first began arriving in Oregon, from Idaho in the late 1990s. But it wasn’t until 2011 that the animals reached the state’s west side. The first wolf to reach Oregon’s Cascade Range, OR-7, was celebrated as something of a folk hero, garnering international headlines as he roamed thousands of miles to find a mate.

OR-7 eventually put down roots in south-west Oregon and is now head of the Rogue Pack, which has an estimated 12 members, by far the largest pack in western Oregon.

But as more wolves headed west, the transition hasn’t always been as smooth.

Last summer, OR-33, who’d followed OR-7’s path west, roamed almost within Ashland city limits. From June 10th-12th, the young wolf attacked and killed two goats and one lamb at a small livestock operation north-east of the city.

Greg Roberts, a media personality in Southern Oregon at that time, said that this wolf was acting like David Lee Roth. He had eight people in Ashland say that they’ve seen him around their property. A year later, OR-33 was shot, his carcass found about 20 miles northwest of Klamath Falls in Fremont-Winema National Forest.

The story was somewhat different for OR-28, a 3-year-old female wolf who’d just had a pup with a mate near Silver Lake. While officials didn’t speculate about what was causing the incidents, it’s possible that an increased number of wolf attacks on livestock, including three blamed on OR-7’s Rogue Pack, could have eroded some public support. Conservation groups bemoaned the recent trend, saying the number of wolves killed by humans in Oregon represented a serious problem.

Last week, a hunter claimed self-defense after shooting a wolf in north-eastern Oregon. Considering the small number of wolves in Oregon, and even smaller number that have managed to disperse outside the north-east corner of the state, it should now be clear to state wildlife officials that illegal wolf killing represents an existential threat to recovering this native species, said Arran Robertson, spokesman for Oregon Wild.

Details on three wolf killings: 

OR-33 – Investigation open; a collared male was found dead April 23, 2017, about 20 miles northwest of Klamath Falls in Fremont-Winema National Forest. Cause of death was by gunshot. There is a $5,000 reward from Fish and Wildlife Service and an additional $10,000 dollars from nonprofit groups for information leading to the arrest or a criminal conviction of the person(s) responsible.

OR-28 – Investigation open; a collared female was found dead on Oct. 6, 2016, in the Fremont-Winema National Forest near Summer Lake, Oregon. Cause of death not released. There is a $5,000 reward from the USFWS and an additional $15,000 from conservation groups for information leading to the arrest or a criminal conviction of the person(s) responsible.

OR-25 – Investigation open; a collared male was found dead Oct. 29, 2017, near Fort Klamath in Sun Pass State Forest. Cause of death is not released. There is a $5,000 reward from the USFWS.

Original articles by Zach Urness, an outdoors writer, photographer and videographer in Oregon. He is the author of the book “Hiking Southern Oregon” and can be reached at zurness@StatesmanJournal.com or (503) 399-6801. Find him on Twitter at @ZachsORoutdoors.

Articles published here.

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 149

Breaking Free

by Jennifer Tissot

At last here I was. The time had come for me to truly experience the great wild all the others had told me about.

I took in my surroundings, smelling the sweet fresh earth and watching every leaf as it quivered in the warm summer breeze.

Around my neck was the collar they, the humans, had placed around it before I’d left my comfort zone in the fenced in world that had been my home for so long.

But now I was grown. Strong and swift legged, alert and brimming with the deep forces of youth. My gray-white hairs on my back bristling with the excitement.

“Come,” Windbolt urged me. He stood beside me, green eyes eager for me to follow him.

I looked and caught the scent of the humans watching us from far off.

Then I turned with Windbolt, my brother, and we bounded forth into the deep embrace of the forests.

This was our world now and together we’d find our place in it. Living a new life of the wild. Raising a truly free family. This was the destiny of our kind. Of the wolves we were from ancient times. Born to break away free into all nature’s wonderful splendor designed just for us.

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary
By Erin

Ascar II has discovered his love of howling. So far, howling was something initiated by the undisputed alpha female, Taima, typically when Ted and I left for our weekly shopping trip or to meet some friends once in a while. My friend Monika from half a kilometre down the road always mocked us about that, saying that the whole neighbourhood would know when we go out. Since that is not too often the case and never on the same day or time it does not really bother me, even though she often points out that the bad boys would also know exactly when nobody is at home and they might take a chance one day. On the other hand, I know how the pack behaves if somebody comes close to the gate and I have serious doubts that somebody would be brave enough to try out whether their impressive show of aggression is just show or if they mean real business.

However, a while ago, they also started howling in the middle of the day when Ted and I were at home and I had no idea what was cooking. It first turned out that it was the postman filling our little post box at the gate. A few days later they started again seemingly out of the blue, and this time it was the guy who comes to read the electricity meters. When I went to meet with Monika for our twice-weekly walk she asked me where we were the day before. I said we had been home but that the kids howled like mad because of the guy reading the meters. Meanwhile it’s the postman, the meter man, the rubbish collectors, people wearing red pieces of clothing passing, us going out, and heaven knows what else triggers their howling, and it’s no longer Taima acting as the choir master but Ascar II. I have watched him actually pushing the other two to join in no matter what. In earlier times I had thought so often how nice it would be if I could hear them howling more often, but now I wonder when the first neighbours may start complaining. Well, at least now people do not know any longer when we are out and when not, but honestly, I fear for the peace with our neighbours.

Will be continued…

Volume 13, Issue 161, March 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 161, March 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

We’ve got a bumper issue for you this month, but, I’m afraid to say, most of the information is not good for the wolves rightly co-inhabiting this world. Starting with the scandalous attempts in the US to undermine species conservation in general not only in their own murderous country, but also wherever ‘trophy animals’ persist in the world, through a demented serial killer who tries to find like-minded evolutionary challenged humans for a joint killing spree in a region of Canada where wolves had so far been left to live in peace, to deliberate misrepresentation of official wolf statistics in Germany, and on to disgusting underhanded political power games. If all of this weren’t enough to make a nature-conscious person puke, our attention was pointed to – and now read this twice – to canned wolf hunting in South Africa! I could fill pages with nasty comments, but because this would be pointless, I recommend you read through the News section yourself and form your own opinion… Do not miss the snippet on new pioneer legislation in some US states that will introduce a register for convicted animal abusers similar to that for sex offenders – for this is surely the best news in this issue!

A novelty is that we are now permitted to reprint selected information out of the monthly newsletter from the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary in Reitz, Free State, South Africa. They are doing excellent work there and deserve every little bit of support our readers can afford them and be it only by advertising their existence! If you wish to receive their newsletter in full (usually around the end of the month), you can add yourself to their mailing list by e-mailing Frans Badenhorst at wolfrescuesa@gmail.com.

Other than that we have a write-up on the wolves in Canada’s Yukon region that a reader has made available. We also found a brief recollection of a real-life wolf encounter that we reprint here. And Erin adds yet another very interesting detail from her day-to-day life together with her pack.

There is also news regarding my own book, A Houseful Headful of Wolves (German edition: Das Haus Den Kopf voller Wölfe), in that there are now links on SAFOW’s Facebook page and on the SAFOW website for submitting book reviews: http://safow.org/book-review/ . Here you can post a short review in English or German without even having to register. We are looking forward to receiving your reviews because we really want to know your thoughts on this book.

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:

Wolves in a Changing World

October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.

Register now

Location & Lodging:
Minneapolis Marriott Northwest
7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428
Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Early registration – $399.00* (– May 31, 2018)
  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more here.

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long!  The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12.  All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.

SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Spring Break Camp 
SPRING SESSION: APRIL 3 – 6
For children entering grades 3 – 5  ​
Time: 9AM – 3PM
Fee: $300 per child for the 4-day program (Tuesday – Friday)
Information & registration HERE!

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the center home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration.

Summer Internships for College Students

The Wolf Conservation Center is pleased to offer summer environmental education internship opportunities for college students! The environmental education internship is designed to expose interns to the field of conservation education and wildlife biology. Interns conduct a variety of education programs and assist with the daily operations of the WCC.

Information here.

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!

SUMMER FAMILY ADVENTURE: August 5 – 10, 2018:details here.
FALL WILDLIFE ADVENTURE: September 8 – 13, 2018: details here.

News from the Wolf Front

National

From HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary (newsletter February 2018; Frans Badenhorst, wolfrescuesa@gmail.com)

  1. South Africa: Sad news from HuskyRomi

In February the sanctuary in Reitz, Free State, had to say their last farewells to two of their wolves. This time of the year ticks are a major problem, and although they have been spraying the whole sanctuary to protect the wolves from tickbites, heavy rains keep washing everything away, and so Izusu contracted and died of Biliary (a type of tickbite fever endemic to SA).

Another beautiful young wolf called Harley also lost the battle against Biliary.

Totem was luckier by surviving the strike of a Rinkhals Cobra after spending several days in the animal hospital with no control of his muscles and even struggling to breathe. Eventually he pulled through and is now recovering.

And as if that would not be enough the sanctuary’s 6-m³ freezer stopped running just when a huge heap of chickens arrived; they had to be thrown away in the end.

From The “Con” in Conservation (https://m.facebook.com/theconinconservation/photos/a.1527047997525668.1073741829.1525588341004967/1978544299042700/?type=3)

HUNTING WOLVES IN SOUTH AFRICA

You despicable slobs that call yourselves hunters in South Africa. You know and have known this for a long, long time. Yet you keep mum. Further proof that you never were and never will be conservationists. You #CarcassFondlers are nothing but frauds. Just all about the profit.

#TheConinConservation

Info via a Wolf Sanctuary in South Africa.

“Wolves were first introduced to South Africa by the army back in the late seventies, Wolter Basson wanted to try and breed a super dog, a lot of wolves are bred by zoos and sold to the public, we have a number of Canadian Reds which Pretoria zoo had, we have a Russian Tundra wolf bred at the Cradle of Life in Badplaas, two wolves that we got from someone were bred at the Emerald Casino zoo, we have numerous species of wolves form America to Mongolian wolves, the police breeding centre is still breeding wolfdogs/ hybrids and selling them, the list is endless.

The new thing that we are encountering are wolves that have been bred for the canned hunting trade, yes, R 25,000.00 and you can shoot a wolf in SA, I have been approached to sell one male and two or more females on three occasions by different breeders, the money is nice but I still have to sleep with myself at night, we received two wolves from Parys from a hunting lodge that a company bought, these two were the breeding pair, Orkney, Rustenberg, more places than you can even imagine. Bottom line is that they are exotics, there is no law prohibiting the breeding of them, no permits are required to own them or shoot them, I hope I have shed light on how they got here, they have been in SA as long as Huskies have.”

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. Mexico: LAWSUIT: Lobos face fatally-flawed “recovery plan”

It’s a cruel joke.

Just 114 Mexican gray wolves remain in the wild and now – after 40 years of waiting – a new “recovery plan” threatens to push them closer to extinction.

This plan has put the fight to save Mexican gray wolves, or lobos, into overdrive. And Defenders has filed an emergency lawsuit to stop it.

Support our legal and other life-saving work by helping us raise $150,000 by midnight tonight: Take action.

Lobos have always called the Southwest home – their presence helped shape the ecosystems of Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. But they are teetering on the edge of collapse and this “recovery plan” would tip the scales toward ruin.

This fatally-flawed plan is political pandering that disregards the opinions of leading wolf scientists in favour of arbitrary population caps set by the states – guaranteeing that no more than an average of 320 wolves will ever be allowed to exist in the Southwest.

In doing so, the plan ignores the best available science that indicates lobos require at least three connected populations totalling approximately 750 individuals to recover. In addition, it:

  • Cuts off access to vital recovery habitat in the southern Rockies and the Grand Canyon;
  • Fails to address the mounting threat of inbreeding by not calling for enough wolf reintroductions into the wild; and
  • Relies excessively on Mexico for wolf recovery despite its lack of adequate habitat.

This is no recovery plan – it is an attempt to play politics with the lobo’s future and pave a path for its destruction. Wolves deserve better.

Your urgent donation will provide the funds we need to defend wildlife whenever threats arise. Get us to our goal of $150,000 by midnight tonight: donate here.

Our team of conservation lawyers is fighting this disastrous plan in court and we are working every day to meet the ever-growing needs of all wildlife at risk of extinction. But we need the support of people like you to bolster our legal and wildlife-saving work.

We will never abandon wildlife in their fight for survival.

Can we count on your support? http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=8TSkc1KwVCdBTbIiJfMsIw

  1. USA: Congress returns to its cheap tricks

Anti-wildlife members of Congress are using a notorious, cheap political trick to wage war on wolves and the Endangered Species Act (ESA).

These lawmakers are shamelessly using the “must-pass” omnibus federal funding bill now being debated in the House and Senate as an opportunity to push through destructive amendments, or “riders.” If successful, these riders would topple gray wolf protections and undermine the ESA.

Act Now: Demand your representatives in Congress oppose all anti-wildlife riders in the funding bill: Take action.

Among the worst of these riders is a collection that together could devastate wolves. They include provisions to:

  • End protections for gray wolves in the Great Lakes region and block citizens from going to court to challenge a decision that delisted wolves in Wyoming;
  • Block all federal funding for gray wolf recovery in the lower 48 states – including the endangered Mexican gray wolf;
  • Allow aggressive, scientifically indefensible “predator control” measures to be used on wolves and bears on Alaska’s national preserves; and
  • End the red wolf recovery program and declare red wolves extinct.

But it’s not just wolves…Congress is attacking the ESA itself.

Perhaps the most heinous anti-ESA rider of all is one that would end protections for every single species for which the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) has failed to complete a timely five-year status review. That’s more than 900 species – or roughly 54 percent – that would lose their protections under the ESA!

Speak out for wildlife now! Tell Congress there’s no room in the funding bill – or any legislation – for deadly attacks on wildlife and the ESA: Take action.

Politicizing wildlife protections undermines the very foundation of the ESA and jeopardizes the future of every animal it protects. Congress’ repeated attempts to weaken and dismantle this landmark law and undercut the pillars of science it is founded on is despicable.

The lifeline the ESA provides to species is more critical than ever. Congress should be focused on fully funding this last resort for wildlife, not destroying it.

Take action to defend wolves, wildlife and the ESA here.

 USA: URGENT: Wolves can’t wait

This is urgent.

Lawmakers are once again politicizing wildlife protections by using the must-pass federal funding bill to push through lethal anti-wildlife riders.

The future of wolves and more than 900 species listed under the Endangered Species Act is hanging in the balance.

Make an emergency donation today to help Defenders fight for their continued protection here.

  1. USA: Congress, coexistence and wolves in Colorado

Funding bill wages war on wolves, wildlife

Anti-wildlife members of Congress are using a notorious, cheap political trick to wage war on wolves and the Endangered Species Act (ESA). These members of Congress are shamelessly using the must-pass federal funding bill – or omnibus – as an opportunity to push through destructive amendments, or “riders.” If successful, these riders would undercut gray wolf protections and the ESA. Demand Congress oppose all anti-wildlife riders in the funding bill: Take action.

Restoring Wolves to Colorado

Wolves were once a part of Colorado’s landscape. However, their absence over the last 70 years is causing the natural balance of Colorado’s landscape to unravel. Defenders now has an opportunity to help bring them back and restore Colorado’s natural balance, for ourselves and future generations.
Learn more here.

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Wolfsschutz Deutschland on Facebook.

1. Germany: We want to prevent the disappearance of Wolves from Saxony. Please donate!

Everybody talks about the allegedly rapid proliferation of wolves in Saxony. Even a so-called wolf expert from Bavaria says so, but is it really true? We had a look at the official statistics at http://www.dbb-wolf.de and also phoned them for further details. In 2015/16, 15 packs, 4 pairs, one territorial wolf and 52 cubs were counted in Saxony. In 2016/17 the numbers had decreased to 14 packs, 5 pairs, no territorial wolf at all, and just 39 cubs.

Territories also decreased from 20 to 19, which means in other words that wolves have not only not proliferated rapidly, but their numbers have decreased. The reason for that is, we think, not only due to more road deaths, but also to the fact that wolves, especially in Saxony, are illegally killed in Wild West fashion. Not every illegally killed wolf is discovered and considered for the statistics.

Since we, in contrast to big Wildlife Conservation organsations, do not receive support from the state we fully depend on donations.  Every single Euro helps to prevent further illegal wolf killings. Please help us to protect the wolves in Saxony by donating to:

Wolfsschutz-Deutschland
Berliner Sparkasse
IBAN DE79 1005 0000 0190 7118 84
BIC BELADEBEXXX

Donations via PayPal: http://wolfsschutz-deutschland.de/spenden-2/

From Change.org (Salty Dog via Change.org [change@mail.change.org])

  • Canada: A One-Man Bounty On Wolves In British Columbia
  • Wolves in British Columbia are in grave danger at the time of this writing. Steve Isdahl has proudly taken it upon himself on social media to have as many wolves killed in the province as he can. Contacting trappers on Facebook he is appealing to trappers and hunters in the seven regions to join him in his mission. He is raising funds for snares, leg hold traps, gas for trucks and ATV access to remote management units.
    It’s all there to see on his Facebook page, euphemistically named “BC Ungulate Foundation” (https://www.facebook.com/Growungulates/) which he is wanting to register as a charity. He claims that wolves have decimated deer, elk and moose populations in the province, and therefore must be killed exponentially in all regions. He provides no research on wolf populations nor research on specific ungulate populations, only the assertion of some hunters that they have been unable to kill as many ungulates as they did several years ago.
  • Petition update: Stop Under Armour from killing wild Animals – Please Sign: https://www.change.org/p/stop-under-armour-from-killing-wild-animals-please-sign

 

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Hunting wolves for trophy? What you can do for wolves right now.

URGENT — Facing another appropriations deadline on March 23, Congress is still working to determine how to fund the government. Unfortunately, damaging anti-wolf riders that undermine Endangered Species Act protections for wolves are still in play.
One provision seeks to permanently remove federal ESA protections for Grey wolves in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, and Wyoming, to allow trophy hunting to resume. To add insult to injury, the bill prohibits its judicial review thus preventing any legal challenge.
If these riders are not removed by Congress, wolves will die at the hands of trophy hunters. 
Please take action today.

  1. USA: Wolf Conservation Center Slammed by Storm (https://nywolf.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=96aae4d71726eb91ae4d20fec&id=d67bd52a05&e=c4f881378d)

Wolf Conservation Center staff, volunteers, and wolves are sharing a collective sigh of relief today.
Wednesday’s big, blustery nor’easter, the second to hit New York’s Westchester County in less than a week, brought well over a foot of wet, heavy snow and significant fence damage to the WCC. Thankfully, the wolves are okay.
WCC’s endangered species facility, which houses the majority of the Center’s critically endangered Mexican gray wolves and red wolves, bared the brunt of the formidable storm. Although a number of enclosures were damaged, the wolves remained safe and contained.
WCC staff has been working tirelessly to remove debris, address the compromised fence-lines and make the pathways and roads accessible. However, many repairs remain to be done. If you are able, please consider making a donation to help us in this effort. Every penny helps!
Some good news — since our restricted area was impacted the most, all education programming remains on schedule!

  1. You heard our howls – Thank you!

We asked for your help and you heard our howls! Thanks to you, we are making good progress recovering from damage brought on by last week’s powerful nor’easter!

We are humbled by the incredible support from our pack – supporters like you.
Howls of thanks from all us here at the Wolf Conservation Center!

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

  1. Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – January 1-31, 2018

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf. For information on the FAIR call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit www.wmatoutdoors.org.

Past updates may be viewed on these websites. Interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically by visiting www.azgfd.com and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf telemetry flight location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH or www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/RWL.cfm

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: the Alpine wolf office at (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office at (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 388-4385 ext. 226. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

On January 11, 2018, the USFWS met with the Catron County Commission to discuss the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program, the 2016 Office of Inspector General report, and communication.

On January 23, 2018, the USFWS met with the Chairman of the New Mexico State Game Commission, the Director of the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish (NMDGF) and NMDGF staff to discuss permits for cross-fostering, the status of Mexican wolf recovery in Mexico, and communication.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) indicate wolves younger than 24 months or pups. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

The IFT completed the annual year-end population survey which started November 1, 2017 and concluded with helicopter count and capture operations conducted from January 24, 2018 through February 3, 2018. The year-end population count for 2017 will be available in February.  In 2016, the year-end minimum count was 113 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico.  At the end of the helicopter count and capture operation, there were 79 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups).  Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, AF1335, m1673, m1676, and fp1683)

In January, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF), occasionally documented on the SCAR.  Yearling m1673 continued to make dispersal movements into New Mexico and is now considered a single animal.  Yearling m1676 and female pup 1683 were captured, collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Bluestem Pack (collared F1489)

In January, F1489 continued making dispersal movements around the northern and western edges of the Bluestem Pack’s traditional territory in the central ASNF and is now considered a single animal.  There are currently no functional collars in the pack, but the IFT continues to monitor the pack with trail cameras.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, m1471, fp1668, and mp1671)

In January, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  In 2016, three yearling wolves from the Elk Horn Pack, m1471, f1473, and m1477, each dispersed from their natal territory.  Yearling m1471 has been travelling with Prime Canyon F1488.  AF1294 was captured, re-collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.  The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pack to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In January, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico.  Female 1443 was captured, re-collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, f1550, mp1666, mp1677, and mp1681)

In January, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  Male pups 1677 and 1681 were captured, collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.  Female 1550 was documented travelling with single m1571 during the helicopter count and capture operation.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In January, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In January, the Panther Creek Pack was located in their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  AF1339 was captured, re-collared, and temporarily moved to captivity.

Pine Spring Pack (collared f1562 and AM1394)

In January, f1562 was localized in the north central portion of the ASNF and was documented travelling with AM1394 (previously fate unknown).  AM1394 was captured, re-collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture.  The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pair to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488 and m1471)

In January, F1488 was documented travelling within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  Yearling m1471 from the Elk Horn Pack has been documented travelling with Prime Canyon F1488 throughout January.

Saffel Pack (collared AM1441, AF1567, mp1661, and mp1680)

In January, the Saffel Pack was located in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  Male pup 1680 and AM1441 were captured, collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Single collared AM1038

In January, AM1038 of the old Hawks Nest Pack was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single collared f1473

In January, f1473 was documented travelling alone and continued to make dispersal movements between Arizona and New Mexico.

Single collared m1477

In January, m1477 was documented travelling with an uncollared wolf in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared f1484

In January, f1484 was documented travelling alone to the east and north of the Panther Creek Pack’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared m1571

In January, m1571 was documented making wide dispersal movements in New Mexico and the north central portion of the ASNF.  Male 1571 was documented travelling with Hoodoo f1550 during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Single collared m1572

In January, m1572 was documented making wide dispersal movements in the Coconino National Forest, and through the western and central portions of the ASNF to the eastern portion of the FAIR.

ON THE FAIR:

Baldy Pack (collared AM1347 and mp1672)

In January, mp1672 was documented travelling occasionally with f1560 in the eastern portion of the FAIR.  Male pup 1672 was also located in the north-eastern portion of ASNF.  During the annual helicopter count and capture operation, AM1347 (previously fate unknown) was documented travelling with f1560 and mp1672.  AM1347 was captured, re-collared, and released.

Diamond Pack

As of January, the wolves in the Diamond Pack have all been travelling separately for more than three months and are now considered single animals.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343, AF1283, and fp1674)

In January, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.  AF1283 and AM1343 were captured, re-collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Single m1559

In January, m1559 made large dispersal movements in the eastern portion of the FAIR and was documented travelling with an uncollared wolf (now known as f1679).

Single f1560

In January, f1560 was documented travelling with the Baldy Pack in the eastern portion of the FAIR and north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Single collared f1679

In January, f1679 was first documented as an uncollared wolf travelling with m1559 in the eastern portion of the FAIR.  Female 1679 was captured, collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Copper Creek Pack (collared M1386)

During January, M1386 was documented travelling in the western portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF), in traditional Copper Creek Pack territory.  During the annual helicopter count and capture operation, the IFT documented F1444 travelling with M1386.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared F1456 and M1354)

During January, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portion of the GNF.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During January, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.  Sub-adult m1556 continued to show dispersal behaviour in January, and was located in the east portion of the Gila Wilderness.  The IFT captured, re-collared and released AF1278 during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Lava Pack (collared AF1405 and AM1285)

During January, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south-eastern portion of the GNF.  AF1405 was captured, re-collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During January, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.  During January, m1561 made dispersal movements around the GNF.  Male 1561 was captured, re-collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158, AF1487, and fp1684)

During January, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  Female pup 1684 was captured, collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and fp1664)

During January, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north-western portion of the GNF.  Female pup 1664 was captured by a private trapper in the north-western portion of the GNF.  The IFT processed, collared, provided veterinary treatment for a foot injury, and released the wolf.  During the annual helicopter count and capture operation, fp1664 was re-captured to provide additional veterinary treatment for the foot injury and is being temporarily held in captivity.  AM1296 was captured, re-collared, and released.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, f1565, mp1669, and mp1678)

During January, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  During the annual helicopter count and capture operation, mp1678 was captured, collared, and released.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and fp1578)

During January, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, AF1553, mp1667, and fp1682)

During January, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  During the annual helicopter count and capture operation, AF1553 and fp1682 were captured, collared, and released.

Single collared AM1155

During January, AM1155 of the old Morgart’s Pack was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single collared M1453

In January, M1453 was documented travelling with two uncollared wolves (one now known as f1685) in the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared m1486

During January, m1486 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared M1552

During January, M1552 was not located by the IFT.

Single collared m1569

During January, m1569 travelled throughout the central and northern portion of the CNF.

Single collared f1685

During the annual helicopter count and capture operation, f1685 was captured, collared, and released.  Female 1685 was documented travelling with M1453 and an uncollared wolf in the western portion of the CNF.

MORTALITIES

There were no documented mortalities in the month of January.

INCIDENTS

During the month of January, there were seven confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock and one confirmed wolf depredation on a domestic dog.  There were 3 nuisance incidents investigated.  From January 1 to January 31, 2018 there have been a total of five confirmed depredation incidents in New Mexico and three confirmed depredation incidents in Arizona.

On January 5, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On January 8, Wildlife Services investigated a domestic dog killed at a residence in Greenlee County, AZ.  The investigation determined the dog was a confirmed wolf kill.  The IFT responded to the location and initiated trapping efforts in attempt to capture and identify the wolves involved with the depredation.  No wolves were captured.  The IFT confirmed there were no wolves with functional radio collars and no known wolf packs in the area at the time of the incident.  No residents were present when the incident occurred.  The IFT initiated monitoring efforts in the area that remain ongoing at the time of this writing.  The IFT has advised residents in the area of their legal rights under provisions in the Federal Final 2015 10(j) rule to protect domestic dogs and livestock from wolves.  Private land owners or their designee can shoot wolves that are in the act of biting, killing, or wounding domestic animals (livestock or non-feral dogs) on non-federal land (private, tribal, or state land).  Any form of take must be reported within 24 hours to the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service by telephone 505-346-2525; or fax 505-346-2542.

On January 10, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On January 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On January 14, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On January 15, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On January 15, Wildlife Services investigated three dead cows in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cause of death for all three cows was unknown.

On January 22, the IFT received a report of a two wolves observed near an occupied residence in Catron County, NM.  The IFT confirmed the animals were wolves by a photograph taken.  By the time the IFT received report of the incident, the wolves had left the area.

On January 24, the IFT received a report of wolves observed feeding on a deer behind a residence in Greenlee County, AZ.  The IFT responded, conducted a site investigation and determined the sighting was probable wolf.  The IFT initiated ongoing monitoring efforts in the area.  At the time of writing, there have been no additional confirmed wolf sightings in the area.

On January 25, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the bull was a confirmed wolf kill.

On January 31, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On January 9, WMAT personnel presented during a radio show on KNNB in Whiteriver, AZ.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

In January, two tribal youth started an internship with WMAT.

  1. Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – Feb 1-28, 2018

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

On February 2, 2018, the Fish and Wildlife Service Mexican Wolf Recovery Coordinator briefed staff from Senator Udall and Senator Heinrich’s staff on the status of the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program.

On February 21, 2018, the USFWS, AZGFD, and Mexico’s National Commission of Natural Protected Areas (CONANP by its Spanish acronym) held a conference call to discuss collaboration in implementation of recovery actions in the two countries.

Reproduction Specialists with the Mexican Wolf Species Survival Plan collected semen from Mexican wolves at Ladder Ranch Wolf Management Facility on February 8, 2018, for the “frozen zoo,” which will be used in future research and artificial insemination.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

The IFT completed the annual year-end population survey which started November 1, 2017 and concluded with helicopter count and capture operations conducted from January 24, 2018 through February 3, 2018. The year-end minimum population count for 2017 was 114 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico. In 2016, the year-end minimum count was 113 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico. Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year. This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups. At the end of February, there were 76 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, AF1335, m1676, and fp1683)

In February, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF), occasionally documented on the SCAR.

Bluestem Pack

In February, the IFT documented the pack in the Bluestem Pack’s traditional territory in the central portion of the ASNF. There are currently no functional collars in the pack, but the IFT continued to monitor the pack with trail cameras.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, fp1668, and mp1671)

In February, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the northeastern portion of the ASNF. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pack to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In February, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and New Mexico.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, f1550, mp1666, mp1677, and mp1681)

In February, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF. Sub-adult f1550 was documented travelling apart from the Hoodoo Pack with single m1571 during the month of February.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In February, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In February, the Panther Creek Pack was located in their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. Alpha Female 1339 was returned to the wild from captivity and released back in the Panther Creek Pack’s territory. The members of the pack have been travelling separately.

Pine Spring Pack (collared f1562 and AM1394)

In February, the Pine Spring Pack was located within their territory in the north central portion of the ASNF. The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pair to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488 and M1471)

In February, F1488 was documented travelling within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. M1471 from the Elk Horn Pack has been documented travelling with Prime Canyon F1488 since December and is now considered a part of the Prime Canyon Pack.

Saffel Pack (collared AM1441, AF1567, mp1661, and mp1680)

In February, the Saffel Pack was located in their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Single collared m1477

In February, m1477 was documented in the east central portion of the ASNF and occasionally on the SCAR.

Single collared f1484

In February, f1484 was documented travelling alone to the east of the Panther Creek Pack’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. The IFT confirmed the mortality of f1484 in February. The incident is under investigation.

Single collared F1489

In February, F1489 has been travelling on the east side of Bluestem’s traditional territory in the east Central portion of the ASNF.

Single Collared m1571

In February, m1571 was documented making dispersal movements in the north central portion of the ASNF. Male 1571 has been documented travelling with Hoodoo f1550 during the month of February.

Single collared m1572

In February, m1572 was documented making wide dispersal movements in the Coconino National Forest and through the western portion of the ASNF. In February, the IFT confirmed the mortality of m1572. The incident is under investigation.

Single collared m1673

In February, m1673 made dispersal movements back into Arizona and has been documented travelling in the area north of Bear Wallow Pack’s territory.

ON THE FAIR:

Baldy Pack (collared AM1347 and mp1672)

In February, the Baldy Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR and the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343, AF1283, and fp1674)

In February, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

Single Collared wolf m1559

In February, m1559 was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR with f1679.

Single Collared wolf f1560

In February, f1560 was documented travelling with the Baldy Pack in the eastern portion of the FAIR and north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Single Collared f1679

In February, f1679 was documented travelling with m1559 in the eastern portion of the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Copper Creek Pack (collared AM1386)

During February, the Copper Creek Pack was documented travelling in the western portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF), within the packs traditional territory.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared AF1456 and AM1354)

During February, the Dark Canyon Pack was documented travelling together within their traditional territory, in the west central portion of the GNF.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During February, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF. Sub-adult m1556 continued to show dispersal behaviour. Male 1555 was also documented making dispersal movements in February.

Lava Pack (collared AF1405 and AM1285)

During February, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south-eastern portion of the GNF.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During February, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness. Male 1561 continued to make dispersal movements within the GNF.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158, AF1487, and fp1684)

During February, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a food cache for the Luna pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and fp1664)

During February, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north-western portion of the GNF. Female pup 1664 was released within the Mangas Pack territory after temporary medical treatment for a foot injury.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, f1565, mp1669, and mp1678)

During February, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and fp1578)

During February, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, AF1553, mp1667, and fp1682)

During February, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Single collared AM1155

During February, AM1155 of the old Morgart’s Pack was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single Collared M1453

In February, M1453 was documented travelling within the ASNF at the beginning of the month, then returned to the western portion of Cibola National Forest (CNF). M1453 has been documented travelling with f1685.

Single collared m1486

During February, m1486 travelled throughout the northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared m1569

During February, m1569 travelled throughout the central and northern portion of the CNF and in portions of the GNF.

Single Collared f1685

During February, f1685 was documented travelling with M1453 in the western portion of the CNF.

Single collared AM1038

During February, AM1038 of the old Hawks Nest Pack was documented travelling in north central portions of the GNF and was located at least once travelling with f1473.

Single collared f1473

During February, f1473 was documented travelling in north central portions of the GNF and was located at least once travelling with AM1038.

MORTALITIES

In February, f1484 was located dead in Arizona, the incident is under investigation.

In February, m1572 was located dead in Arizona, the incident is under investigation.

From January 1 to February 28, 2018 there have been a total of two documented wolf mortalities.

INCIDENTS

During the month of February, there were nine confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock. There were five nuisance incidents investigated in February, three of which were confirmed as wolf by the IFT. From January 1 to February 28, 2018 there have been a total of 14 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in New Mexico and three confirmed depredation incidents in Arizona.

On February 1, the IFT received a report of three wolves near an occupied residence in Apache County, AZ. The IFT confirmed the presence of wolves, but they had left the area by the time the report came in.

On February 2, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On February 5, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a probable wolf kill.

On February 5, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On February 6, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a probable wolf kill.

On February 6, the IFT received a report of a wolf from a highway in Catron County, NM. The IFT confirmed a wolf was in the area and attempted to haze the animal away, but the animal had already left the area.

On February 8, WMAT investigated a dead heifer on the FAIR. The investigation determined the heifer died of unknown causes.

On February 8, WMAT investigated a dead cow on the FAIR. The investigation determined the cow died of unknown causes.

On February 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On February 20, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On February 21, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On February 21, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by coyotes.

On February 23, the IFT received a report of a wolf feeding on an elk carcass in the vicinity of occupied residences. The IFT responded immediately, confirmed the presence of a wolf in the area and attempted to haze, but the animal had already left the area.

On February 24, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On February 27, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On February 28, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On February 28, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On February 6, WMAT met with Tribal and non-Tribal stakeholders and a consultant regarding predator/livestock coexistence/conflict mitigation.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

There are no project personnel updates for the month of February.

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at(505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

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Next Door

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International

From ForceChange (TakeAction@ForceChange.com)

USA: Trump Tricked Us – Oppose His Quiet Plan to Allow Trophy Hunting

Trump has re-approved his plan to allow imports of dead exotic animals killed by trophy hunters. Previously, Trump had reversed this decision after public uproar, including by our community. However, once that uproar died down, Trump returned to his original decision to encourage trophy hunting. Sign this petition to denounce Trump’s support of trophy hunting: Sign petition.

Now it’s our turn to ask for help:

We are only able to continue our work due to the financial support from people like you. This is because running a major online activism platform is expensive. Without our Premium Members, we would be forced to shut down our operations — and animal abusers, environmental polluters and wrongdoers across the globe would breathe a sigh of relief knowing that there was one less watchdog shining light on their evil ways.

Don’t let this happen! Please consider upgrading right now: Upgrade here.

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From Selflovers (website)

USA: Thanks to new law, animal abusers will now be registered like sex offenders

Now that animal abuse is being taken way more seriously than ever before, more and more jurisdictions are altering their laws to reflect this new reality. A number of United States jurisdictions have made laws that require the names of animal abusers to be displayed in a registry that is similar to the ones that are used for sex offenders.

These registries are designed with the objective of keeping people who have harmed animals in the past from ever having the chance to do so again and they are a welcome addition to the lawmaking policies of places as disparate as New York City and Tampa, FL.

Retail outlets and shelters no longer have an excuse when it comes to providing animals to those who have a history of abuse, as they are required to have a prospective adopter read and sign an affidavit that provides assurance that they are not on the registry.

If you are a regular person who is in search of a pet sitter while you are away on vacation, these registries also take on added value, allowing you to vet candidates more readily and do the proper research before potentially leaving your animals in harm’s way.

The registries are not yet a requirement in all states, but they are slowly popping up throughout the country, in places like New York City (although theirs is not able to be viewed by the general public), Tennessee (whose is statewide) and Cook County, Illinois.

For those who consider pets to be family members, this is welcome news. Perhaps individuals who consider hurting animals in the future will reconsider their actions if they are aware of the fact that their name will end up on a list that is easily searchable. Having actual documentation to use makes life simpler for animal lovers, as well as law enforcement.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Wolves in the Yukon

To spot a wolf in Canada’s Yukon is a rare occasion, but they’re indeed out there – an estimated population of 5,000 wolves calls the Yukon their home, which comes to about one wolf every 96 square km. Their geographic range spreads from the boreal forest to the alpine and Arctic tundra with only the vast Kluane Icefield being unoccupied. While wolves in many parts of North America had been exterminated and then reintroduced in some parts they are still thriving in the Yukon.

The wolves in the Yukon are not unique in any sense but just normal Grey wolves like all the others living in other wild areas. The difference here is the ecosystem they move through so invisibly is still intact because of a natural predator-prey system, meaning that the wolf and ungulate populations (mostly moose and caribou and, to a lesser extent, mountain sheep) are largely in balance. Of course have humans not always been content to leave that balance alone, but wolves existed in the Yukon as many as 47,000 years ago.

The wolf-human conflict did not become a major issue in the territory until the 20th century, after the Klondike Gold Rush brought thousands of newcomers to the area. It was then that trappers in a booming and busting fur industry began to complain that wolves were harming their business, blaming the wolves for decrease of numbers of ungulates. In the 1920s it was allowed to use strychnine baits for wolves, and a system of wolf bounties was set up. Eventually, the government took control of the strychnine programs.

In his book Wolves of the Yukon author Bob Hayes describes his arrival by helicopter on the scene of a strychnine bait site in 1985 where he found a sow grizzly bear crumpled in the trees, two wolves, 10 ravens and six magpies besides of hundreds of dead chickadees on the ground and in the willow branches.

In 1972 the use of Strychnine use was restricted but its use continued illegally in some quarters for several years with nobody ever charged. Bob Hayes, a biology grad, was offered the position of wolf biologist for the Yukon government in 1982. The carnivores were a hot topic at the time, with Whitehorse residents concerned about incursions into their yards and subdivisions, and hunters in the Southern Lakes region of the territory upset about low moose numbers.

Bob Hayes took the job and kept it for 18 years. After one decade on the job the government launched a new wolf management plan in 1992, which included some progressive and pro-wolf elements such as the assertion that wolves had an inherent value in and of themselves — beyond their influence, positive or negative, on human concerns such as game availability or the safety of neighbourhood pets. But it also made provision for legalized aerial wolf control as a means to protect ungulate populations for human hunting.

After the 1992 plan was adopted, a large-scale aerial wolf-kill program was launched in the Aishihik region, near Kluane National Park and Reserve and the town of Haines Junction. Dozens of wolves were shot from helicopters, and because Hayes was the as the government’s leading wolf biologist and therefore responsible for overseeing the program, was suddenly viewed by activists as Wolf Enemy No. 1.

The furor over the wolves in the Yukon has almost died down since the 1990s and after Bob Hayes had left his post in 2000 he became a potent voice against aerial wolf killings and other lethal wolf-management methods. The Yukon government released a new wolf management plan in 2012 that put an end to government-run wolf killing programs. Mark O’Donoghue, a territorial biologist, was one of the authors of the new plan. This time the public was asked for their opinion and surprisingly they declared that they did not want to see any more of these big helicopter wolf-control programs. This change in public sentiment was based on ethical considerations as well as on concerns over the programs’ high costs and low efficacy. For now this plan is working and the wolf population is healthy the impact of climate change could turn into another benefit for the wolves – some of the territory’s tundra is gradually becoming taiga, a moose habitat and an increasing moose density.

Original source: Canadian Geographic 2017, “They’re out there” by Eva Holland, kindly made available by our supporter, Andreas Schillert.

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 148

Face to Face
by Ally Cleetz
based on a true story

The highway seemed to stretch without an end as I drove along for home. It was on that bright, summer morning as I was driving with the deep woods on either side of me that I saw it up ahead.

I pulled over to the curb, thinking the long-legged animal was a deer. But to my surprise, I saw a lean, gray wolf, standing in the underbrush on the edge of the woods. Stepping out of my car, I stood thirty feet from the wolf.

It was my first sighting of a wolf in my whole life and I was thrilled. My heart beat quicker as the wolf and I stared for what seemed a moment frozen in time.

The wolf wasn’t sleek but mangy and thin, as if it’d had a rough life over the past winter months.

I wondered just what it was like to be a lone wolf in an area I didn’t think had wolves. Was it lonely? Did it long for a mate of its own?

Then, time moved forward and the wolf turned and dashed into the darkness of its wooded home.

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary
By Erin

I cannot believe how time is flying – hasn’t it just been New Year a few days back? – and suddenly it’s again the middle of March. The furry kids are all but through with shedding hair, which is great because I already feared my vacuum cleaner would not survive this season. We had loads of work over the year’s end season and maybe that’s why time seemed to be flying.

One thing that came up over the last few months was this: For donkey years we have been employing the same feeding routine and it always worked fine, until Ascar II suddenly decided that all three having a food bowl with an equal portion in it was not in line with his understanding of pack rules. Every day at feeding time, he now started to first inspect his food bowl, then move over to Kajack’s, pushing him aside and making it clear that Kajack II was not allowed to eat before he, Ascar, had taken out the best bits. That caused great irritation with Taima, the undisputed boss, who started to snarl at him and show him her K9s, but then was so unsettled that she would abandon her bowl and retreat into the house. That’s what I call true disharmony at the dinner table.

My first try to solve this problem was to take Ascar’s bowl away as soon as his nose was buried in Kajack’s and give it to Kajack. I also placed Taima’s bowl farther away from the two others to give her more space and peace. That worked for about two days, and then Ascar started to move between the two remaining bowls, pushing Kajack away from the bowl he was just busy with and wandering off to inspect Taima’s. Next try was to place Taima’s bowl inside the house so that at least one of them could eat without interruptions and hold Kajack’s bowl on my lap while Ascar’s was placed in front of him. That also worked for another two or three days, and then the game started over, because now Ascar only wanted to eat from the bowl on my lap. O.k., boys; my lap is not big enough for two bowls, but my arms are long enough to hold both with outstretched arms, one to the right, one to the left. You should give that a try – it’s better than a workout at the Gym!

It worked for about a week, but then Ascar decided that this was still not good enough for him and I started to feel like that guy on the airfield directing the aeroplanes from and to their parking spots, and slowly but surely I was running out of ideas. Then Ted came to the rescue – Taima eating inside the house, Ted holding Ascar’s bowl for him, and I, at some distance, held Kajack’s. O.k., that seemed to be fine – for a while … After that we decided to feed Taima in the passage where she was feeling comfortable, Kajack in the kitchen, and Ascar outside, with the doors between them closed. Ted was in the house with Kajack and Taima and I was outside with Ascar. Oh boy, what a chaos! The only one eating was Taima; Ascar had nothing else on his mind but finding a way inside to get to Kajack’s food and Kajack refused to eat being separated from his idol (regardless of all the mobbing he has to endure from Ascar he worships the ground he is walking on), wanting to get out to him. When I already thought that this nightmare would never end I remembered the way they do it in the wild. If there are no cubs, the alphas will eat first, take the best morsels and only when they allow the rest of the pack to join in they can also have their rations. O.k., maybe I had to try a completely different approach.

Since just throwing the food out on the lawn would never work because the only one getting some would be Ascar, I took a big bowl and put all the food in it. They typically get chicken feet, heads and necks, sometimes chicken parts, and when I can get my hands on game offcuts from our butcher they will get chunks of that. Then I took that bowl, went outside, sat on the step of the rear veranda and called them. I let Ascar, the alpha male, choose the first piece and while he was busy with it I started to throw each of the other two their pieces while they were standing at a short distance away from me. When Ascar had finished his piece he came for the next and I threw more food to the other two. This way they all got equal portions, and Ascar seemed to be perfectly o.k. with that method, his own concern apparently having been to claim ‘first choice’ for himself all the time.

Kajack has always been very good at catching in the air whatever you throw at him; Taima needed some time to learn it by watching him, but meanwhile she is almost as good as Kajack, and as long as they keep their distance to Ascar and he can choose his pieces from the bowl, he is happy with it. This method has now been working for many months without any problems and I’m happy to say that harmony at the dinner table could be re-established.

Will be continued…

Volume 13, Issue 160, February 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 160, February 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

Let’s see what we’ve got for you this month. First a long string of bad news for wolves in the US and, note that, Germany. The parallel development of matters wolf in these two countries is nothing short of shocking, at least as far as the state of Saxony is concerned. Read the various snippets for yourself and you will see what I mean.

Then we have a short excerpt from Rick Lamplugh’s writings, which, in spite of its being brief, sheds light on a crucial turning point in the joint history of man and wolf.

From here, this issue becomes unusual. First, we came across a tale authored by a sixteen year-old, and we found it so compelling that we thought we just had to draw your attention to it. What a writing talent!

And finally, a South African reader asked us if we could please publish her utterly sad story with a baby wolf, and we are only too willing to comply. I hinted to it already in the January issue, but now you can read it in full for yourself, as submitted. It is illustrated, and for this reason you’ll find it attached in PDF format. If you can help, please do…

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:
Wolves in a Changing World
October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.

Register now

Location & Lodging:
Minneapolis Marriott Northwest
7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428
Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Early registration – $399.00* (October 13, 2017 – May 31, 2018)
  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.
Learn more here.

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long!  The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12.  All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.
SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Spring Break Camp 
SPRING SESSION: APRIL 3 – 6
For children entering grades 3 – 5  ​
Time: 9AM – 3PM
Fee: $300 per child for the 4-day program (Tuesday – Friday)
Information & registration HERE!

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the center home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration.

Summer Internships for College Students

The Wolf Conservation Center is pleased to offer summer environmental education internship opportunities for college students! The environmental education internship is designed to expose interns to the field of conservation education and wildlife biology. Interns conduct a variety of education programs and assist with the daily operations of the WCC.

Information here.

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone (website)

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!
SUMMER FAMILY ADVENTURE: August 5 – 10, 2018: details here.
FALL WILDLIFE ADVENTURE: September 8 – 13, 2018: details here.

News from the Wolf Front

National

Nothing to report

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: Idaho wants to renew its rogue war on wolves

If you love wolves, we need your help now.

On January 25th, the Idaho Wolf Control Board will be asking the state legislature for even more money from taxpayers to fund their killing of wolves.

Stand with Defenders in the fight to project Idaho’s wolves: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=rldVZtrxYhbAFkGc4cng_g

During the first three years of the Wolf Control Board’s lethal removal program, over $1.2 million in taxpayer money was used for the sole purpose of killing wolves.

In that time, 177 wolves have been killed. Despite the tragic loss of life, there has been no reduction in livestock losses – the reason the control board was developed! This careless killing of wolves has to stop now!

It’s a proven fact: Wolves and people CAN share the landscape. Nonlethal coexistence measures pioneered by Defenders across the American West – like using livestock guard dogs, range riders and wolf-deterrent fencing – are not only more cost effective, they’re better at keeping animals out of harm’s way.

Enough is enough. Your urgent support for Defenders of Wildlife will help us continue the fight to protect wolves and other vulnerable wildlife: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=ISC7VHnMrdQbj3aTcdpAJg

Idaho’s wolves have been in mortal danger since Congress stripped them of federal protection in 2011. Since Idaho took over their management, the number of breeding pairs has plummeted and nearly 2,000 wolves have been killed – more than any other state in the Lower 48.

Defenders is the only national organization with staff on the ground in Idaho who not only helped restore wolves in the 1990s but are still actively working against such harmful programs at the statehouse and with the state wildlife commission.

Your urgent support will help us fight to end Idaho’s rogue war on wolves.

Please help – before it’s too late: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=JM0aYG954kj9vzYsGcQlKw

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Wolfsschutz Deutschland on Facebook.

1. Germany: Saxony: Again a death sentence for a wolf from Görlitz, Saxony! Please interfere!

Again a shooting order has been issued for a wolf in the Lausitz region of Saxony. Purportedly, it has attacked two dogs on a fenced-in property and killed one of them, but the facts are still unclear. The reports about that incident are controversial: one says that the dogs it killed were alone outside during the night, chained to a kennel. That causes the question of which responsible dog keeper would chain his beloved dog to a kennel outside at night in the middle of wolf territory, and then go straight to the newspaper the next morning demanding the wolf be killed?

Apparently this wolf suffers from mange, which is nothing more than suspicion based solely on some pictures taken by a photo trap. And just because residents “are concerned” the wolf must now be killed?

Please get organized and protest. It cannot be that yet another wolf is judged before all facts have been analysed. The fact that the administrative district office is apparently too scared that journalists and citizens could interfere shows the state of democracy in Saxony.

2a. Germany: Saxony: Please this petition for wolf Zottel – Nie wolno dać zabić wilka Zottel!

Another wolf has a target painted on his back in the Saxon border region to Poland. After we managed to prevent the shooting of Pumpak, a wolf from the Rosenthal pack, another wolf from Poland is about to lose its life. In autumn an éclat erupted with many people from Poland being shocked by the fact that a European bison that had passed the border from Poland was shot dead in Germany.
Find the petition to sign in German and Polish here.

Please help us to prevent this shooting order from being carried out!

2b. Germany: Saxony: Wolf Zottel was killed last Friday by order of the administration. Lay charges!

What a black day for nature conservation and democracy. Friday, the administrative district office Görlitz confirmed on their homepage in just one sentence that the “conspicuous” wolf has been “removed” (https://www.kreis-goerlitz.de/city_info/webaccessibility/index.cfm?item_id=852594&waid=392). This means in clear words nothing else but that the subadult wolf was killed.

It is unbelievable that district administrator Bernd Lange has plainly ignored the new wolf management plan of Saxony. Those who want to lay charges can do so via the Internet here.

The violated articles together with explanations can be found in the petition text at www.change.org/zottel.
Those who want to send complaints directly to the administrative district office can write to:
Landratsamt Görlitz
PF 30 01 52
02806 Görlitz
Important: please state the name of the office concerned in all correspondence!

Telephone: 03581 663-0
E-mail: info@kreis-gr.de , Büro.landrat@kreis-gr.de
Responsible for the shooting order is the Minister for Environmental Affairs, Thomas Schmidt. His contact details can be found here.
We from Wolfsschutz Deutschland (“Wolf Protection Germany”) are bewildered and shocked by such cold-blooded behaviour. We have laid charges against both the District Administrator and the Minister of Environmental Affairs as well as against the person who has executed the shooting order. Read our press release here

  1. Germany: New Joint Government wants to shoot wolves? Please remind the SPD of their Election Promise!

Recently, German national news reported that the parties CDU and SPD in their negotiations for forming a joint government (“GroKo”) have agreed on “decimating” the wolf population in Germany.

Aside from the fact that this would contravene EU legislation and incur penalties for Germany, it does not match at all what the SPD stated in the run-up to the elections. Quote: “We welcome the natural return of the wolf.”

The German wolf forms part of the Central European lowland population that, together with the Polish specimens, makes up about 500 animals. Scientific studies deem this population not yet self-sustainable so that it still enjoys particularly strict protection according to the FFH guidelines. The wolf in Germany is considered a strictly protected species as per National Nature Conservation Law (BNatschG).

“We welcome this strict protection status for the wolf and see no reason for changing it.”
This statement can be verified here.

We have sent an open letter to the SPD to remind them of their promise. Please become a co-signatory, for which you are welcome to reuse our letter.

  1. Brandenburg Farmer wants entire Pack to be shot. Please sign Jürgen’s Petition

19 Jan 2018
Defying clear-cut laws, the state of Brandenburg tries to bow to lobbyist groups of hunters, farmers and owners of forest parcels by permitting them to kill wolves. And the inventive wolf haters have promptly stepped up their game. Suddenly, there are more and more “dangerous” contacts with wolves, which turn out, in most instances, to be alternative facts, however. One farmer was even as cheeky as simply placing five sheep in an ill-secured pasture that had not been used before even though it was known that a pack of wolves lived nearby. It shows that “situations” are deliberately provoked in order to be able to apply for legal shooting permits. Now the first farmer from the district of Potsdam-Mittelmark has applied at the State Office for the Environment for “removal” of the so-called Dobbrikow Pack. If this application is granted, these wolves would either be killed or caught and rehomed. We cannot allow this to happen. Please sign this petition and spread the word: www.change.org/Brandenburgwoelfe

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: We’re Going to Court for Endangered Mexican Gray Wolves

A coalition of wolf advocates, including the Wolf Conservation Center, today filed a lawsuit challenging the Trump administration’s deeply flawed recovery plan for the Mexican gray wolf, one of North America’s most endangered mammals.

The lawsuit challenges the plan because it disregards the best available science in setting inadequate population goals, cuts off wolf access to vital recovery habitat, and fails to respond to mounting genetic threats to the species.

“Mexican wolves urgently need more room to roam, protection from killing, and more releases of wolves into the wild to improve genetic diversity, but the Mexican wolf recovery plan provides none of these things,” said Earthjustice attorney Elizabeth Forsyth, who is representing the wolf advocates.  “The wolves will face an ongoing threat to their survival unless major changes are made.”

The Trump administration issued the long-awaited recovery plan in November 2017.  The plan ignored comments submitted by tens of thousands of people—including leading wolf scientists—who challenged the quality of the science used and asked for stronger protections and more aggressive recovery efforts.  The best available science indicates Mexican wolf recovery requires at least three connected populations totalling approximately 750 individuals; a carefully managed reintroduction effort that prioritizes improving the genetic health of the animals; and establishment of at least two additional population centers in the southern Rockies and the Grand Canyon region.

The new plan disregarded that scientific evidence by failing to consider additional recovery areas in the United States.  Instead, it shifts much of the proposed recovery effort to Mexico, where adequate wolf habitat is not available.  The plan also calls for inadequate wolf numbers and fails to provide a sufficient reintroduction program to address genetic threats.

“Mexican wolves are vital to restoring natural balance in the Southwest, but they need a strong, science-based recovery plan to address urgent threats,” said Michael Robinson, a conservation advocate with the Center for Biological Diversity.  “We’re gravely concerned that Trump’s plan would cut wolves off from habitats in the Grand Canyon and southern Rockies and remove protections while they’re still imperilled.”

“The final recovery plan leaves too much to chance and will likely result in relisting the Mexican wolf again sometime in the future,” said Bryan Bird, Southwest director for Defenders of Wildlife. “This is a political plan, not a recovery plan that meets the standards of the Endangered Species Act.”

“This is a national issue. Mexican wolves help keep the American landscape intact and healthy. Our hope is that this legal challenge can help Fish and Wildlife Service create the best plan possible, based on sound science, to help save this critically endangered wolf,” said Virginia Busch, Executive Director of the Endangered Wolf Center near St. Louis, Mo.

“It is deeply disappointing to have waited 35 years for a new plan that is fatally flawed in so many ways.  The content of the plan was dictated primarily by state wildlife agencies known to be antithetical to meaningful recovery of Mexican wolves.  High-value habitats suitable for wolf recovery in the United States have been excluded from consideration.  And reliance on a foreign country, where the U.S. government has no authority, to achieve full recovery is fraught with risk for the long-term survival of our south-western lobos,” said David Parsons, former Mexican Wolf Recovery Coordinator for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

“The Service is granting the very state agencies that have gone to extraordinary lengths to obstruct recovery too much authority over the time, location, and circumstances of wolf releases,” said Maggie Howell of the Wolf Conservation Center. “Too many opportunities, and quite frankly genetically irreplaceable wolves have already been wasted under the states’ mismanagement — critically endangered lobos deserve better.”

Read more here.

  1. USA: Funding Bill Rider Slated to Open Trophy Hunting Seasons on Wolves

Facing another appropriations deadline on February 8, Congress is still working to determine how to fund the government. Unfortunately, damaging anti-wolf amendments (riders) that undermine Endangered Species Act (ESA) protections are still in play.
One provision seeks to permanently remove federal ESA protections for gray wolves in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, and Wyoming, to allow trophy hunting to resume. To add insult to injury, the bill prohibits its judicial review thus preventing any legal challenge.
Another provision goes as far as seeking to strip protections for critically endangered Mexican gray wolves.
As the rate of extinctions and the loss of biodiversity accelerates, the ESA is essential for keeping vulnerable species alive. If the appropriation bills pass as is, the act itself could become extinct.
Please tell Congress to stop the attacks on wildlife and oppose all legislation that targets wolves and endangered species.

Please sign here

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – December 1-31, 2017

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf. For information on the FAIR call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit www.wmatoutdoors.org.

Past updates may be viewed on these websites. Interested parties may sign upto receive this update electronically by visiting www.azgfd.com and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf telemetry flight location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH  or www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/RWL.cfm.

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: the Alpine wolf office at (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office at (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 388-4385 ext. 226. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

The USFWS published the 2018 Mexican Wolf Release and Translocation Plan on the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program website from December 4 to 29, in order to comply with the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish regulations for permits.  Over 100 public comments were received and will be forwarded to the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish for their review and consideration.

The USFWS attended the December 20, 2017 meeting of the New Mexico State Game Commission.  The Commission voted to 1) approve the Final Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan as written including comments as discussed at the August 24, 2017 and December 20, 2017 Commission Meetings; 2) allow the USFWS to import Mexican wolf pups born in the wild in Arizona to the Ladder Ranch in coordination with the 2018 cross-fostering events (in addition, no wolves shall be released from the Ladder Ranch into the wild without prior approval); 3) direct the Director to allow for the importation of one female adult wolf in Arizona into captivity for artificial insemination, for breeding and then release back into the wild in Arizona; 4) direct the Director to allow for the release of up to 12 wolf pups into the wild in New Mexico with the approval of the Chairman of the State Game Commission.

At the end of November, 2017, the USFWS posted on its website the finalized Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan, First Revision.  The goal of the plan is to provide guidance to recover the subspecies within the subspecies’ historical range in the South-western United States and Mexico.  The recovery plan provides measurable and objective criteria which, when met, will enable the USFWS to remove the Mexican wolf from the list of endangered species and turn its management over to the appropriate states and tribes. To review the recovery plan and related documents, visit the USFWS Mexican wolf website at:

www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) indicate wolves younger than 24 months or pups. A lower case letter “p” preceding the number is used to indicate a wolf pup born in the most recent spring. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups).  Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

During annual year-end population counts, the IFT documented a minimum of 113 Mexican wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico at the end of 2016.  At the end of December, there were 66 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring. The year-end population count for 2017 will be available sometime in mid-February.

Wolves with functioning radio collars are listed by studbook number in the pack updates below.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, AF1335, and m1673)

In December, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF), occasionally using the SCAR.  Yearling m1673 continued to make dispersal movements in December.

Bluestem Pack (collared F1489)

In December, F1489 continued making dispersal movements around the northern and western edges of the Bluestem Pack’s traditional territory in the central ASNF.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, m1471, f1473, m1477, fp1668, and mp1671)

In December, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  Three yearling wolves, m1471, m1473 and f1477, each made dispersal movements, travelling separately, from their natal territory.  Yearling m1477 was documented travelling with an uncollared wolf and maintaining a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  Hazing efforts were conducted this month by the IFT in order to address wolf-livestock conflict with the Elk Horn Pack.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In December, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, f1550, and mp1666)

In December, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In December, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (F1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In December, the Panther Creek Pack was located in the east central portion of the ASNF.  The IFT maintained a supplemental food cache for this pack with the goal of increasing survival of genetically valuable pups that the IFT cross-fostered into the Panther Creek Pack in May.

Pine Spring Pack (collared f1562)

In December, yearling f1562 was localized in the north central portion of the ASNF and has been documented travelling with an unknown collared wolf. This pair has been documented travelling together for over three months and thus have been named the Pine Spring Pack. The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pair to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488)

In December, F1488 was documented travelling within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  During December, Elk Horn disperser m1471 began travelling in the same territory in proximity to F1488.

Saffel Pack (collared AF1567 and mp1661)

In December, the Saffel Pack was located in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Single collared AM1038

In December, AM1038 of the old Hawks Nest Pack was located traveling in the north central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared f1484

In December, f1484 was documented traveling alone and occasionally with the Panther Creek Pack in the Panther Creek’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

ON THE FAIR:

Baldy Pack (collared mp1672)

In December, mp1672 was documented travelling occasionally with Diamond f1560 in the eastern portion of the FAIR.  Male pup 1672 was also located in the northern portion of ASNF.  AF1445 and AM1347 were not located by the IFT during 2017 and remain fate unknown.

Diamond Pack (collared m1559, f1560, m1571, and m1572)

In December, yearling m1559 was located on the FAIR.  Yearling f1560 was documented travelling occasionally with Baldy mp1672 in the eastern portion of the FAIR and on the north central portion of the ASNF.  Yearling m1571 continued to travel apart from other Diamond Pack members and made wide dispersal movements to the eastern portion of the FAIR and the central portion of the ASNF.  Yearling m1572 remained dispersed from traditional Diamond territory on the Coconino National Forest during the month of December.

Tsay o Ah Pack (collared M1343, AF1283, fp1674)

In December, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Copper Creek Pack (collared M1386)

During December, M1386 was documented travelling in the northeast portion of the Gila Wilderness, outside of Copper Creek Pack territory.  F1444 was not located during December.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared F1456 and M1354)

During December, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF).

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During December, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.  Sub-adult m1556 showed dispersal behaviour in December, and was located in the east portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Lava Pack (collared F1405 and AM1285)

During December, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south-eastern portion of the GNF.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During December, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158 and AF1487)

During December, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and fp1664)

During December, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the northwestern portion of the GNF.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, f1565, and mp1669)

During December, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and fp1578)

During December, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, AF1553, and mp1667)

During December, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Single collared AM1155

During December, AM1155 of the old Morgart’s Pack was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single collared m1486

During December, m1486 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared M1552

During December, M1552 travelled throughout central portion of the CNF and eastern portion of the GNF.

Single collared m1569

During December, m1569 travelled throughout central portion of the CNF and eastern portion of the GNF.  In December, m1569 was captured by a private trapper in the western portion of the CNF.  The IFT responded and processed, recollared, and released the animal on site.

Single M1453

On December 27, M1453 (previously fate unknown), was captured by a private trapper in the western portion of CNF.  The IFT processed, collared, and released the animal on site.

MORTALITIES

During December, a previously uncollared wolf, f1675, was located dead in Arizona. This incident is under investigation.  From January 1 to December 31, 2017 there have been a total of 12 documented wolf mortalities and one lethal removal (F1557).

INCIDENTS

During the month of December, there were 3 confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock and one confirmed wolf depredation on a domestic dog.  There was one nuisance incident investigated.  From January 1 to December 31, 2017 there have been a total of 19 confirmed depredation incidents in New Mexico and 15 confirmed depredation incidents in Arizona.

On December 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cause of death was unknown.

On December 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead heifer in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cause of death was unknown.

On December 18, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On December 26, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On December 27, Wildlife Services investigated a domestic dog attacked in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the incident was confirmed wolf.

On December 28, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

There are no communication and coordination updates to report for the month of December.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

There are no updates to project personnel for the month of December.

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at(505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

Other News

National

From Change.org (Salty Dog via Change.org [change@mail.change.org]

Demanding Justice for the Murdered Rhino in KwaZulu, Natal, South Africa

Please sign: Dumisani Gwala the Poaching Kingpin of that area and Killer of hundreds of Rhino is not being charged. International attention will make a huge difference. Thank you.

Next Door

Nothing to report

International

From Change.org (Salty Dog via Change.org [change@mail.change.org]

  1. Esmond Bradley Martin: US-Ivory investigator killed in Kenya

Esmond Bradley Martin, 75, was found in his Nairobi home on Sunday with a stab wound to his neck. The former UN special envoy for rhino conservation was known for his undercover work investigating the black market.

Read the full update here.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

The War on Wolves

by Rick Lamplugh, author and wildlife advocate

Let’s use the Middle Ages as a starting point for understanding this war. That was a time when horrifying rumours—some true—about rabid wolves killing humans spread across Europe. Governments declared war. In France in the 800s, the government hired an elite corps of hunters to control the wolf population. In England in the late 1200s, King Edward ordered the extermination of wolves in some parts of the country. In 1427, James of Scotland passed a law requiring three wolf hunts a year, even during denning season.

Those wolf wars were not waged in a vacuum. Around the time that King Edward ordered wolf extermination, the Little Ice Age chilled Europe, reducing harvests and creating painful shortages of crops and livestock. A few years later, the Great Famine struck, killing about ten percent of Europe’s population.

With families and friends starving and dying, few would accept wolves taking livestock. I can imagine the war cry spreading across the countryside: Protect our families, our animals! Kill all wolves!

Then conditions worsened…

To read more: https://goo.gl/XN8GtG

To listen: http://bit.ly/2FKk5nb

Indie author Rick Lamplugh writes to protect wildlife and preserve wild lands. His new book, Deep into Yellowstone, is available signed from Rick at http://bit.ly/2tIEt62, or unsigned on Amazon: http://amzn.to/2tgPU3E.

His best seller, In the Temple of Wolves, is available signed at http://bit.ly/1gYghB4, or unsigned at http://amzn.to/Jpea9Q.

A signed set of both books is available with free shipping at http://bit.ly/2uYTtsU.

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 147

KnightWolf and GrayWolf forever soul mates

by Laura Thai, age 16

The lone gray wolf stood out from the forest out looking the lake. She had been alone for some time. Her pack had died in the blizzard up north where she was from, the only survivor of the pack she had decided to make her way south. Maybe to find a mate or another pack she thought.

The long journey had taken its toll on the young female wolf and she needed to rest at what most wolves liked to call “Lake of the Wolves”. It was a resting place for traveling wolves and a playground as well.

She stood watching the other wolf packs wishing that she could be with them. But she couldn’t, she was an outcast now, she thought watching them. Slowly she made her way down to the lake. She took a seat down on a rock that wolves used for howling to one another which its edge hung over the lake. Laying down she looked down at her reflection. Thin and a little boney from starvation and small game that wasn’t enough to fill her.

A low growl came from behind her, she turned and found one of her packs old adversaries, a pure black wolf stood there growing at her. “Hello GrayWolf, I heard what happened to your pack. Want to join mine?”

“Not in a million lifetimes DarkWolf!!!! Eat scum!!!” she snapped back as her hackles and lips rose.

The black wolf came closer “Come on. Look how you look: all boney and thin. I don’t get how you even made your way down her without you dying”

“Step any closer and you will wish your mother never birthed you in the litter!— Oh wait she already wished that, too bad it never happened!!”

The black wolf got ready to pounce but everything had gone quiet. Every wolfs attention that had been on them turned their heads to the part of the forest where the moon light settled. Even the young black alpha male that was fighting with the gray wolf had looked.

She watched as four wolves emerged from the forest. The leader; ahead of the pack was black and white. Strong and athletic, and stood proudly out of the forest. He was known as Knight-Wolf.

All knew who he and his pack were. They were the wolf pack of the lake of the wolves. And all knew Knight-Wolf, and all knew what happened to his alpha female three winters back. But no one knew why he hadn’t already chosen another mate. Some just thought he wasn’t ready yet. Some thought he hadn’t found the right one yet. And no one dared asking to join in on such an honor of being with such a royal and most respected pack.

Knight-Wolf stood at the edge of the woods surveying the scene. He sniffed the air for any new sent. . . The wind carried a new sent. One that hadn’t been there for over 2 years. He let his nose point to the direction of the new sent and it pointed him to a young , shaggy, thin, lone gray wolf who was fighting with one of the black males of the Black woods, in which he had dealt with many a time. He turned to his pack. “Go rest. I’m going to check something out.” They nodded and ran off.

Knight-wolf started toward the young female. “LEAVE THE FEMALE ALONE DARKWOLF!!! YOU HAVE NO RIGHT TO CLAIM NOR FIGHT WITH THE FEMALES ON MY TARRITORY!!!” Knight-Wolf snapped.

The dark wolf snarled and reluctantly left unharmed. No wolf dared to ever fight with Knight-Wolf one reason was that it was his territory. Second, he was very strong and powerful and had so much respect that every wolf would start to defend him if necessary, leading in death or bloodshed.

Knight-Wolf turned to the young female wolf. “Are you okay???” he asked going over to her. Even if she was tattered and looked shaggy she looked. . . Beautiful in his eyes.

She shook off. “Yeah, I guess I’ll live,” She said looking him over with big brown eyes.

“I’m happy of that. You are new here aren’t you?” he asked.

She shook her head. “No, I am no. I came from the north to seek a mate.”

“What happened to your pack and what is your name my I ask??”

“GrayWolf, and my pack-” there was a long pregnant pause, “- is dead. They died of a snow storm that happened a while back. I was the only survivor. I am in also need of a pack,” she added.

He lowered his head in reverence. “I am so deeply sorry to hear that Gray,” he said. “Will you walk with me around for a while so we may get to know each other? Are you hungry??”

She licked her lips. “I am starving. I haven’t eaten in like a week thank you. And after I eat yes, we can walk around. I think I’ll like the company of another for a bit. It’s been so long.”

“Follow me, my pack left leftovers back in the woods. It was too big to consume so we saved some for later. Its deer.” he said leading her into the woods. They both felt every set of eyes on them as they entered.

He watched as she wolfed down the still fresh meat he thought of her hard hardships that she had endured just to get here. This wasn’t a mere accident of her coming down here. It was fate. Something called to him that wasn’t there before, something his soul had recognized. He looked up at the shiny bright stars. ‘Is this my true calling’ he called silently. ‘give me a sign’! he saw a shooting star fly across the starry sky. ‘Is that my sign???’ he asked. Again another star shot across the sky. His eyes smiled.

“What’s wrong Knight-Wolf?” the young gray wolf said looking up to the heavens with Knight-Wolf.

‘Nothing is the matter GrayWolf,” shyly he looked away. “How would you like to join my pack Gray? It would be an honor if you did?”

“Your not serious are you?” she said with a slight wag of her tail.

“I am dead serious, I don’t say thing’s I don’t mean you know,” he said truthfully.” Besides you can take the alpha female role.”

“But we just met.”

“I know, but we can get to know each other. Common what do you say? Please??” he said waging his tail.

“Well. . . I think I can. I have no pack and I came here to get one, and here I got more than I bargained for. So. . . yes I will”

He licked her happily. “Come let’s let the pack know. Come howl with me my new mate”.

Together they sent a call that he had finally found his mate. It was a call that every wolf hoped for knight wolf’s pack. They would see the happier side to him and the rest of the pack. The new pair smiled at each other, “come run with me. I want to be at your side always and forever” he said starting to run. She kept pace with him with ease as they ran side by side alone the lake water’s edge, forever bound to each other. . .

Readers’ Contribution

See the attachment in PDF format:

Safhowl.160 Attachment

Volume 13, Issue 159, January 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 159, January 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

A Happy New Year to all our loyal readers!

The “Crazy Season” as it is aptly termed was one of mixed feelings for us this time around. The week before Xmas, a lady unknown to us to this point contacted us and shared with us a most heartbreaking story of a small she-wolf cub she had rescued from a pet shop in the north of Jo’burg. Within days, it came down with parvovirosis, was hospitalized, released too early, had a relapse, was admitted to another veterinary hospital, and there the whole thing was eventually buggered up so thoroughly that the little girl died crying in the arms of her rescuer. Even though we did not know the lady or the cub, we were in tears for days afterwards. To add insult to injury, the well-meaning lady was left with a giant debt in vet fees, and the final hospital did not shy from keeping the girl’s ashes as collateral.

Then, no sooner had we mailed out our personal Season’s Greeting that we learnt from the wife of an old friend of ours that he might just make it to one more Xmas Day, having been diagnosed with a massive brain tumor some time earlier.

Eventually Xmas arrived and we enjoyed a new, huge, high-quality Xmas tree that Erin had managed to secure for us in a local church charity auction. Xmas Day then was so hot that we couldn’t stay in house, but had to seek climatic refuge on our veranda that is always cool and airy due to some clever construction that came into being by various coincidences. Otherwise the holidays were rather quiet, just as we like it.

New Year’s Eve came and went, with just a little fireworks from a new neighbour, which somewhat upset the pack and made us try out a homemade calming remedy a friend had given us for just this purpose. It worked like a charm!

With 2018 now underway in earnest, its first week was spoiled completely when we learnt, entirely unexpectedly, that Maiyun, the last surviving cub from our two litters from Ulaala had to be put to rest. We were, and still are, deeply saddened, but nevertheless managed, with great difficulty, to grant him an obituary at the end of this newsletter.

I will refrain from adding more text here. Simply read this newsletter for yourself and see where you can help with a signature or more. The wolves of the world will need all your and our support in 2018 as well…

Till the next time,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)
Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:
Wolves in a Changing World
October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.
Register now

Location & Lodging:

Minneapolis Marriott Northwest
7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428

Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Early registration – $399.00* (October 13, 2017 – May 31, 2018)
  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more here.

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs.

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long!  The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12.  All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.
SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Sessions for children entering Grades 5 – 6 

Spring Break Camp 
SPRING SESSION: APRIL 3 – 6
For children entering grades 3 – 5  ​
Time: 9AM – 3PM
Fee: $300 per child for the 4-day program (Tuesday – Friday)
Information & registration HERE!

 

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the center home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration here.

Summer Internships for College Students

The Wolf Conservation Center is pleased to offer summer environmental education internship opportunities for college students! The environmental education internship is designed to expose interns to the field of conservation education and wildlife biology. Interns conduct a variety of education programs and assist with the daily operations of the WCC.

Information here.

 

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!

SUMMER FAMILY ADVENTURE: August 5 – 10, 2018: More info.

FALL WILDLIFE ADVENTURE: September 8 – 13, 2018: More info.

News from the Wolf Front

National

Nothing to report

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: eNews: A New Year for wildlife awaits

Red wolf numbers have plummeted to less than 25 individuals. To make matters worse, a recent Senate Interior spending bill is calling for an end to the 30-year red wolf recovery efforts and for a declaration of red wolves as extinct in the wild.
Learn more

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

1. Germany: Are Wolves deliberately baited to justify their shooting?

In Berlin, the political parties CDU and SPD are presently trying to form a great coalition. Which effect such coalition could have on our wolves in Germany can be imagined by looking at the Brandenburg Wolf Act that became effective 1 January 2018. This act was driven by the Brandenburg Minister for Environmental Affairs Vogelsänger (SPD) and the Minister for Environmental Affairs of Saxony, Schmidt (CDU), is said to have been his supportive advisor.

Read this article [in German] here.
According to it, wolves in Brandenburg could now be killed without trying to scare them off before. Furthermore a wolf can be shot by a hunter without consultation of an expert advisor if he has killed twice.
A wolf friend and farmer of grazing livestock has been to an area in Brandenburg that has been making headlines for years. She experienced the unbelievable; sheep are left grazing unprotected in the midst of the forest and wolf habitat, no electric fencing, nothing (http://wolfsschutz-deutschland.de/2018/01/07/brandenburger-wolfsverordnung-freibrief-zum-woelfe-toeten/).

One could now accuse the farmer of deliberately offering his sheep to the wolves, but why would he do that? Is he trying to create the facts that are provided for in the wolf act for shooting wolves?

Please direct your protests to the minister:
Tel.: 0331/ 866 -7001

The secretary:
Tel.: 0331/ 866 -7004

 

The Office of the Minister and State Secretary for Coordination, Cabinet, Provincial Parliament and Federal Council
Tel.: 0331/ 866 -7015
The Print media/Public Relations and International Cooperation

Tel.: 0331/ 866 -7237
Fax: 0331/ 866 -7018
E-mail: Pressestelle@MLUL.Brandenburg.de

  1. Jan Olsson via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Germany: “Daybreak” in the wolf area – The Fight for the (Survival) Life of our Wolves!

An eventful wolf-year has come to an end.

On behalf of the W-I-S-Z-V, I want to thank all of you from the bottom of my heart for your support during the year.
Your commitment for the petition “With the human! – For the Wolf!” and the W-I-S-Z-V shows those in the say how many people are willing to campaign for our wolves!
Furthermore we want to thank everybody who made a financial contribution to the W-I-S-Z-V for the protection of wolves! That’s the only way we can effectively protect the wolves from what is threatening their lives!
But the new year already shows that there are new tasks and that initiatives and arrangements for the protection of the wolves will be necessary.

Our wolves are in urgent need of your support in the New Year too! Please, participate!

In the nearer future we will specifically involve ourselves in the following tasks:
– Protecting the Goldenstedt she-wolf and her pack from illegal and legal shooting;
– Protecting of the Cuxhaven pack from shooting;
– Preventing the shooting of a wolf from the Rosenthal pack;
– Clarifying the illegal shooting of the Cuxhaven she-wolf;
– Launching cost-intensive court cases for the prevention of “legal” shootings, if necessary, in Cuxhaven, Goldenstedt and other locations;
– Coordinating and effectuating actions, if necessary, in Cuxhaven, Goldenstedt and other localities for the prevention of shootings of wolves by “snipers” commissioned by the authorities;
– Intensifying research by the W-I-S-Z-V for a better understanding of behaviours and for the protection of our wolves.
We wish you a happy and successful New Year 2018!

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Pilots to the Rescue Making A Difference for Endangered Wolves

Santa isn’t the only one taking to the sky to make special deliveries this season! Pilot Patrick Lofvenholm might not be flying by sleigh and magic reindeer, but his contribution to the red wolf recovery program is better than anything that can fit under a tree: Lofvenholm’s precious cargo is “M1606”, an elusive captive red wolf from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Sandy Ridge facility in N.C.

Wolf Conservation Center curator Rebecca Bose met Lofvenholm at Raleigh-Durham International Airport early Sunday to load the wolf onto his light, twin-engined piston aircraft for transport to Westchester County Airport in White Plains, New York.

The critically endangered fellow will be paired with F2121 (a.k.a. Charlotte), a red wolf who currently resides at the WCC, in hope that they will make a priceless contribution to the recovery of their rare species with pups next spring.

The Species Survival Plan (SSP) management group for the red wolf determines which captive wolves should breed each year by using software developed for the population management of endangered species. Genetic diversity is the primary consideration in the selection of red wolf breeding pairs because all red wolves descended from just fourteen founders rescued from extinction.
This is not the first animal mission for Lofvenholm, for close to 10 years the dedicated pilot has been helping canines in need by transporting dogs rescued from kill-shelters to safe havens or forever homes. Lofvenholm is a member of the wonderful team at Pilots to the Rescue (PTTR), a volunteer-based non-profit aviation organization that donates flights to make a difference for animals.

“We are excited to be working with the Wolf Conversation Center in transporting this critically endangered passenger,” said PTTR founder Michael Schneider. “Pilots to the Rescue has generally been involved in dog rescue so this is a welcome pivot with our organization.  We recognize the grave situation that the red wolf population is in and we want to contribute to saving these animals.  After all, without wolves where would the common domestic dog be?”
Learn more about Pilots to the Rescue at http://www.pilotstotherescue.org/   

  1. Budget Rider seeks to open Trophy Hunting Seasons on Wolves

USA: Budget Rider takes Aim at Wolves

Right now, the House and Senate are still working to determine how to fund the government, and damaging anti-wolf amendments (riders) that undermine Endangered Species Act (ESA) protections are still in play.
One provision seeks to permanently remove federal ESA protections for gray wolves in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, and Wyoming, to allow trophy hunting of wolves to resume within these states. To add insult to injury, the bill prohibits its judicial review thus preventing any legal challenge.
Another provision goes as far as seeking to strip protections for critically endangered Mexican gray wolves.
As the rate of extinctions and the loss of biodiversity accelerates, the ESA is essential for keeping vulnerable species alive. If we allow the draft appropriation bills to pass as is, the act itself could become extinct.
Please tell Congress to stop the attacks on wildlife and oppose all legislation that targets endangered species.

Take Action here.

From Endangered Species Coalition (action@endangered.org)

  1. USA: Attacks on the Endangered Species Act push red wolves closer to extinction

Congress has waged a relentless series of attacks on the Endangered Species Act this year, and 2018 is likely to be even worse.

Support the Endangered Species Act with a 100% tax-deductible donation today to the Endangered Species Coalition’s campaign to protect this crucial safeguard.

The Senate will consider legislation soon that could contain multiple attacks on endangered species. One of the most concerning is an attempt to shut down all efforts to save highly endangered red wolves.

There are fewer than 50 of these wolves in the wild today, yet some in Washington, D.C. are seeking to abandon them to extinction. A provision in the Department of Interior spending bill asks the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS) to “end the Red Wolf recovery program and declare the Red Wolf extinct.” We know that if red wolves have habitat and the protections of the Endangered Species Act, they can come back. This action – should it succeed – is nothing short of intentional extinction.

Fight for red wolves and other endangered species with your year-end donation to the Endangered Species Coalition here.

This assault on conservation is just one of what are expected to be several attempts to weaken or dismantle the Endangered Species Act and put wildlife at risk.

In addition to this attack on red wolves, Gray wolves in the Great Lakes could lose all protections, and there is yet another bill that would kick highly endangered Mexican gray wolves off of the endangered species list. Still more bills target prairie chickens and endangered beetles. Even the ability of citizens to access the courts to gain protections for species is at risk.

Congress will hit the ground running in 2018. Please make a 100% tax-deductible donation today so that we can meet them with determined grassroots opposition: Donate here.

Your gift will be matched up to $15,000 by our board of directors.

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

  1. USA: Wisconsin could kill two-thirds of the wolves in its borders

Thanks to the protections of the Endangered Species Act, gray wolves are recovering in the Great Lakes and around the country. Where fields and forests were once devoid of their wild howl, they are now able to form packs and reclaim their ancestor’s habitats free of threats posed by hunters’ bullets and traps.

This could all come to an end very soon. Legislation is pending in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate that would rewrite the rules of the Endangered Species Act and slash protections for these still-recovering wolves.

Make a 100% tax-deductible donation today to help keep wolves and other endangered species protected. If you give before the 31st, your donation will be matched dollar-for-dollar up to our goal of $15,000 by generous and committed members of our board of directors: Donate here.

Wolves in Wisconsin could be subjected to some of the most draconian attacks in the last century. Leaked communications show that the state intends to kill as many as two-thirds of the wolves in its borders. By bullet, by trap, or even by attacking packs of dogs, they plan to wipe out most of these creatures that you and I have worked so hard to bring back.

We can still stop them. The Senate will likely move quickly in 2018 to pass spending bills that could contain wolf delisting and other dangerous “riders.” Killing these bills will be our primary priority. We have worked for months to build opposition to these legislative assaults and will bring every resource we have to this fight.

The future of these wolves – and of the Endangered Species Act – hangs in the balance. Please join us in the fight by making a 100% tax-deductible donation.

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

  1. USA: The mother of these wolves could have been gunned down

These healthy, exuberant wolves might never have been born if it were not for the support of people like you. In 2016, our Great Lakes Representative worked tirelessly to mobilize opposition to a predator killing contest in Wisconsin. Thanks to her efforts, the contest did not happen. A female wolf that is a member of an area pack went on to have pups that went on to become the yearling wolves pictured above. Had the contest gone ahead, she and the rest of her pack could have been killed by hunters.

That is just one example of how organizing works to save species. We will have our work cut out for us stopping attacks on wolves and other endangered species in 2018. If you make your 100% tax-deductible gift it will be matched dollar-for-dollar by our board of directors up to our $15,000 goal. I hope we can count on your support: Donate here.

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

From Take Action! at GreaterGood Network (news@greatergood.com)

  1. Save Mexican Gray Wolves From Extinction

Mexican gray wolves are the most endangered subspecies of wolves in the world and unless more of them are released into the wild, they are doomed to go extinct.
Once a conservation success story, the number of Mexican gray wolves in the wild has dwindled drastically after years of delaying needed releases of wolves from captivity. At the end of 2015, there were an estimated 97 of these wolves in the world, and 14 Mexican gray wolf deaths were documented last year, marking the most in any single year since the federal government began reintroducing them in New Mexico and Arizona in 1998.
Please sign our petition to tell the Trump administration to release more wolves into the wild before it’s too late.

Sign our petition.

Other News

National

Nothing to report

Next Door

Nothing to report

International

From ForceChange (TakeAction@ForceChange.com)

Colombia: Justice for Abandoned Dog Who ‘Died of a Broken Heart’ at Airport

A dog abandoned at the Colombian Bucaramanga airport and named “Traveling Cloud” by bystanders, has died of a broken heart. The poor creature became severely depressed after being left behind by her owner. Eventually she stopped eating and recently died of starvation. Sign this petition to demand justice for this poor animal.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Wolves in Sweden

by Louise de Toit

A TRIBUTE TO GRIMMA: Dear friends, earlier today, the beautiful female wolf, Grimma, who came from Norway and settled in Sweden, was shot by a hunter in Södertörn, a few miles south of Stockholm. I am dedicating my song, “For Every Fallen Wolf”, to her and all the other persecuted wolves of the Swedish wolf hunt.

The 2018 licensed hunt, which takes place in five counties between January 2nd and February 15th, with a limit on the number which may be killed in each county, has a quota of twenty-two wolves this year. On the first day, eight wolves were shot, with the hunting magazine, “Svensk Jakt”, reporting that two of the deceased wolves had scabies. With Grimma and three more wolves killed since then, the total of the deceased wolves now stands at twelve.

According to recent estimates, Sweden has a total wolf population of around 355 animals. Wolf hunting is legal in Sweden and it is closely regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency. However, the hunt has always been controversial, with various organizations, including the Swedish Carnivore Association, calling for the hunt to be stopped – while organizations like the National Hunting Association had requested that it be extended.

One simple way to oppose the Scandinavian wolf hunts is by signing and sharing the following petitions – please add your signatures:

https://www.change.org/p/stop-all-hunt-on-wolves-in-sweden

https://www.petitions24.com/ja_til_ulv_i_norsk_natur_nei_ti…

You can listen to the song here: https://soundcloud.com/louise-du-toit/for-every-fallen-wolf

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 146

Wolf My Guide

by Dances-with-sacred-landscape (Barb Campbell)

I wander the wilderness alone, the tears burn down my frozen cheeks.
I am lost and far from home, exhausted I crumple to my knees.
I gaze to the mountains peak, soon it will be dark.
I am cold and I am weak, to push on I know I must.

But strength I cannot spare, so I lay upon the snow.
Watch my breath in the air, seeing where it will go.
My thoughts bring me back to the wolf not far away.
Lying so still within the trap, death came to her today.

The pain inside me grows, I simply cannot understand.
Why the Wolf they chose to banish from this land.
My life I’d gladly give, if it would only bring her back.
I wanna see her live, be united with her pack.

I close my eyes, they are sore and await for death’s embrace.
I cannot go on anymore, the pain soon erased.
Within the darkened night I am awakened suddenly.
A Wolf gave me quite a fright, but it is her I see!

Silvery fur against the Moon, her eyes filled with love.
She sings a beautiful tune, like an angel from high above.
I felt the tears flow again as I held onto her so tight.
Numbness turned to pain, she kept me warm that night.

By the warmth of the sun, I awaken to see her leave.
She tells me her work’s nearly done, I’m to get back on my feet.
Whenever you feel lost inside or even feel alone.
Call on Wolf to be your guide, I will take you home.

Follow now she says, you’ll see, tread now in my path.
You were wanting to give your life for me, I give you something back.
That happened four years ago, I recalled it best I could.
I smile quite often as I know, she still roams within the woods.

I call upon her often still, she’s wise and pure at heart.
A love no one can ever fill, I know we’ll never part.
Should next time a Wolf you meet, take the time to understand.
Put down your gun, learn to speak and listen…
You’ll learn much about this land!

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

It is with great sadness that I have to report on the death of Maiyun, brother of Kaki, Kapu I and Pachua, son of Ulaala and Annak. Although he had moved to our best friend in the Cape at the age of 5 weeks, he has always remained part of or lives, too. Almost daily e-mal contact with our friend kept us informed all the time and allowed us to follow his life every step of the way.

About a year ago he was diagnosed with bone cancer in his right lower front leg, and because the cancer had not spread yet and her vet was confident that he would manage well on three legs the infected leg was amputated. Everything went well, he recovered in record time and ran and played as though he had been born with only three legs. Now, quite suddenly, he seemed a bit sore and our friend discovered blood in his urine. When she took him to the vet it turned out that the cancer was back, had spread to his inner organs, and there was nothing left they or the vet could do other than to end his misery there and then before it really started to turn bad.

I will never forget when our friend and her mom visited us and our pack for the first time; mom rather sceptical of these “wild animals”, our friend so excited to come face to face with them, having dreamt since childhood of getting such a chance. When we knew for sure that Ulaala was pregnant for the second time with Annak’s and her litter, we didn’t have to think twice to whom one of the pups would go – we could not have wished for a better, more caring and loving home than that of our friend’s. She came to visit again and fell head-over-heals in love with that little white bundle she named Maiyun. She drove all the way from the Cape to us together with a friend, spent two days with us, and had already arranged for an overnight stay halfway back in a small B&B that had no problems to accomodate two ladies and a puppy. Maiyun quickly advanced to being the favourite animal of the whole family, he stole the hearts of everybody who got to know him in no time.

Now he had to go, leaving a very painful emptiness in the hearts of all who had the honour of knowing him. He was our “last man standing” – the last of the pups of the two litters we had from our pack. He reached a good age of 11 years (he would have turned 12 this year in August), but it was still too early to say goodby for all of us.

I know there is never a right moment or time to let go, and we are so thankful for all the happy years he had and to our friend for all her caring, love and dedication to him. We know he is fine now, in a better space, and happily reunited with the rest of his pack, and all that makes letting go a little easier, but it will take some time until the pain of loss and emptiness will fade into the background.

Will be continued…

 

Volume 12, Issue 158, December 2017

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 12, Issue 158, December 2017

From the Editor’s Desk

A merry and peaceful Festive Season
and a good start into the New Year
to all who care for the wolf

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)
Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:
Wolves in a Changing World
October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.
Register now

Location & Lodging:

Minneapolis Marriott Northwest
7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428

Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Early registration – $399.00* (October 13, 2017 – May 31, 2018)
  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more  here.

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of  adventure programs.

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

News from the Wolf Front

National

Nothing to report

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: This Thanksgiving, we are grateful for YOU!

It has truly been a challenging year in the fight to protect imperilled species and safeguard the places they call home.

But no matter how hard things have gotten, you have stood by us through it all – and that has meant the world to us and, more importantly, to the wildlife that depend on all of us.

So, from all of us here at Defenders of Wildlife and on behalf of the threatened and endangered species we all love, thank you for your support.

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

1. Germany: Petiton Update: Wolf Pumpak must live
Unbelievable: Saxony-Anhalt allows police to shoot at wolves

The Home Secretary of Saxony-Anhalt has with an edict interfered in the affairs of the Ministry of Environmental Affairs, permitting police to shoot at wolves  (https://www.mdr.de/sachsen-anhalt/woelfe-duerfen-von-polizisten-geschossen-werden-100.html). Purportedly this is to prevent injured animals from suffering since up to now only a specialist was allowed to euthanize a seriously injured wolf, and such specialist may not be always immediately available. However, this new edict also applies to conspicuously behaving wolves, the evaluating of which is left to the police. This is entirely unacceptable for a true nature lover.

To us it is clear that this is just another attempt to soften the high protection status of the wolf in Germany; and the fact that the Home Secretary is a hunter himself leaves a bitter by-taste.

Please sign and share the petition initiated by our wolf friend Lutz Lambrecht  here.

One Euro for the wolf

(translated here from German)

The Christmas season has started and this is a time of reflection and awareness of what we love: our families. Wolves also live in families, and also have a right to a peaceful Christmas time. Petitions and public pressure help to save the lives of wolves, and I’m thankful for all their supporters. However, in times of opinionated media where hardly a day goes by without fear-causing, badly investigated and completely made-up articles on wolves, petitions also offer the opportunity to convey information.

But we must also act, and that is what we, of the Wolfsschutz Deutschland in Pro Naturschutz Sachsen e.V. (Grüne Liga Sachsen), stand for. We don’t talk, we act. In contrast to the bigshot nature conservation activist groups, which have this year even agreed to wolf culling, we receive no support from the state. We depend on donations to continue our work. That reminds me of the story of actor Karlheinz Böhm who came to great fame through the Sissi movies. Deeply disturbed by reports of the food crisis in the Sahel zone he placed a legendary bet at the ZDF TV show “Wetten, dass …?” (Bet you…), betting that not even every third viewer would donate 1 German Mark, 1 Swiss Franc or 7 Austrian Schillings for the people in the Sahel zone. The result: a donation of 1.2 million German Marks.
Our petition for Pumpak was signed by 120,000 people, and my Christmas wish for the wolves is that every one of these signatories donates 1 Euro to us, which would bring us one vital step farther in our fight for the lives of the wolves, because court cases cost a lot of money!

We are happy about every donation. The money is exclusively used for our work for the wolves in Germany. We consciously do without colourful flyers and information brochures for that.
Bank details:

Wolfsschutz Deutschland in Pro Naturschutz Sachsen e. V. (Grüne Liga)
Erzgebirgssparkasse
IBAN DE78 8705 4000 0725 0179 88
BIC WELADED1STB

In Sweden, wolves are shot left, right and centre to purportedly eliminate wolf/dog hybrids living among wolves, which means nothing else but to kill them.

Here in Germany cross-bred cubs were facing a similar fate, and only the public attention caused by a petition initiated by a student and our public protests have prevented it. Now the cubs will be captured and sent to live in an animal park. That’s not what we had in mind. We wanted these cubs to be sterilized and, like in Italy, be released back into nature. At least they will be allowed to live. Here we also had to go against the NABU activist Tamas who wanted them shot. At the beginning of this year our court case saved Pumpak from being shot. He hasn’t been seen since then, but pictures of a well-fed wolf in Austria that have surfaced recently might actually depict Pumpak. Theoretically he could have migrated south. Since the beginning of this year the complete Rosenthal pack in Saxony has been in danger. Thanks to the petition and the public outcry caused by it, we could so far prevent the shooting of the pack Provincial Councillor Harig (CDU) so longingly wishes for.

We went to check and photograph fences and realized that the livestock there have hardly any protection. After that Provincial Councillor Harig wanted a randomly selected wolf of the Rosenthal pack shot. Our members were holding nightwatch in the area and made sure that the wolves were staying away while our umbrella organisation Grüne Liga Sachsen (Green League Saxony) filed an urgent application with the court against the shooting order. For now we could stop the order, but the fight goes on. Presently the wolves in Saxony are in great danger. The new coalition agreement between SPD and CDU includes “wolf-free dikes”. Which consequences this might have for the Cuxland pack everybody can guess. There we also checked and photographed fences and again realized that there was hardly any protection. In Saxony-Anhalt, the Home Secretary has issued an order that allows the police to decide for themselves whether a wolf must be shot. In Bavaria, we could prevent the shooting of another escapee wolf. There is so much to be done. The new year will not be less dramatic for the wolves than this one was. But so far and with joined power we could stop every attempt at their lives.
Please support these petitions:

www.change.org/woelfe
www.change.org/cuxlandrudel
www.change.org/wolfswelpen
www.change.org/wolf
www.change.org/sachsenanhaltwoelfe
www.change.org/bayernwoelfe
www.change.org/pumpak
www.change.org/p/stop-all-hunt-on-wolves-in-sweden

You want to contact us directly? We are on Facebook where you can talk to our members:

We are often asked whether our goals are the same as those of NABU and the like. No, they are not. These organisations agree to shootings, we don’t.
Also interesting what Vince Ebert thinks of the bigshot organisations: “Many of the initially oh-so idealistic eco-Davids have long developed into recklessly operating Goliaths who push their actions through with the help of PR professionals, controllers and efficiently organized law departments. Many Nature Conservation organisations now focus less and less on the most urgent environmental problems but rather on “which topic generates the biggest amount of donations?” Relevant topics are no longer suggested by real scientists, but rather by so-called “campaigners” who first and foremost figure out how the most successful hypes can be started.

You can read further here (in German).

3. Touching Video of Pumpak from Poland
(translated here from German)

There are news about Pumpak. Yesterday, Katarzyna Bojarska, a researcher from Poland, who has been monitoring the Ruszow pack from which Punpak originated, sent us a link to a very touching video, which shows Pumpak at one year old caring lovingly for his siblings while their mother is out hunting. The subtitles in the video are in polish, but the pictures speak for themselves. They are so heart-warming that they need no translation. To fight for these animals every single day is really worth it. We are their voice. Watch the video here.

I really do hope that Pumpak is still alive somewhere. In Switzerland, they caught a suspected wolf killer and he is to be charged. This will also send a clear signal to the poachers in Saxony and anywhere else in Germany. Don’t feel too safe; you will be caught one day. We are on tour in all the wolf rangers, too.

  1. Jan Olsson via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Germany: Petition update: With the human! – For the Wolf!

  • Rescue our Wolves! How fake press reports cause the shooting of Wolves!

The threat for our wolves to be killed through illegal and legal shootings is ongoing.

The Barnstorf/Goldenstedt and the Cuxhaven packs are possibly about to be shot.

For the Cuxhaven pack, the shooting order is expected to go through as soon as the DBBW (Federal Bureau for the Documentation of and Advice on Wolves) has handed its report over to the Ministry for Environmental Affairs of Lower-Saxony. This is a question of days only.

When the Cuxhaven pack is shot it could be the beginning of a series of shooting

entire wolf packs. Next would be the pack of our Goldenstedt she-wolf!

What’s the reason for this? The absence of or ineffective protection of livestock herds and flocks in the regions where these two wolf packs live. Even after several years, many livestock farmers refuse to protect their animals, even though they are entitled to receiving subventions for preventative measures from the state if only they cared to apply for them.

As though this weren’t bad enough, the reporting culture of the media on national and even more so on local levels keeps on promoting the distorted impression that wolves would kill livestock all the time by overcoming “wolf-safe” fences!
This is simply wrong!
W-I-S-Z-V have clearly demonstrated in a new post on their website how the continuous misrepresentation in the media on the purported overcoming of wolf-safe fences is used again and again for arguing in favour of unjustified claims to shoot our wolves.
A fact is, however, that many of these fences are not electrified, do not have the right height, lack streamers, or are unprotected against digging through under, etc.
Please share this information from the W-I-S-Z-V in your forums, your friends, colleagues at work, and other friends of wolves and repost it wherever you deem fit. Write to the editors of local newspapers and let them know what the story really is. Demand that they finally start writing factually correct and properly researched articles on wolves.

This is about the lives of strictly protected and socially highly evolved animals – our wolves!

Please join us, all of you! And we appreciate any donation, however small, so that we, the W-I-S-Z-V can continue fighting for our wolves! We will not abandon them!

Bank details
Wolf-Informations-und Schutz-Zentrum-Vechta e.V.
Commerzbank Vechta
IBAN DE74 2804 2865 0630 0719 00
BIC COBADEFFXXX
More information on the W-I-S-Z-V website.

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Busy Season Ahead – Prepping For Pups

The Wolf Conservation Center participates in the Species Survival Plan (SSP) for two critically endangered wolf species, the Mexican gray wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) and the red wolf (Canis rufus). The Mexican gray wolf and the red wolf are among the rarest mammals in North America; both species were at one time extinct in the wild.

While the WCC has been a vocal and visible advocate in trying to secure protections for critically endangered wolf species, we have also naturally been quite active in physically safeguarding the representatives of the rare species that have been entrusted to our care.

Organizations participating in SSPs are tasked with basic husbandry, collaborating in the carefully managed captive breeding program, recommendations for release, and research.

This work is literally “behind the scenes” as visitors rarely get to see the wolves because they are generally kept off-exhibit to maintain their healthy aversion to humans.

This season promises to be a busy one as it features not only our normal husbandry, but also five breeding pairs (three Mexican wolf pairs and two red), collection of genetic material, new arrivals, bittersweet goodbyes, and even an extraordinary medical procedure.

See a summary of actions here.

  1. Public Comments Show Overwhelming Support for Mexican Wolf Recovery

Of the more than 100,000 comments submitted to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service on the Mexican Wolf Draft Recovery Plan, more than 99% were in support of recovery!
Seven organizations and dozens of volunteers came together to tally the comments, publicly available on the government comment portal, Regulations.gov. The organizations included the Endangered Species Coalition, Grand Canyon Wolf Recovery Project, Lobos of the Southwest, Wolf Conservation Center, White Mountain Conservation League, Sierra Club’s Grand Canyon Chapter, and Sierra Club’s Rio Grande Chapter. It took weeks and over a hundred hours for the volunteers to tally the thousands of comments, which came from all 50 states.

“Every voice raised in support of wildlife can make a difference and Americans overwhelmingly support Mexican wolf recovery,” said Maggie Howell, Executive Director of the Wolf Conservation Center. “We’re counting on USFWS to take notice and follow the best available science to ensure that the world’s most endangered gray wolves remain a living, breathing part of the south-western landscape.”

Read More

  1. 11-Yr-Old Saving Wolves, One Painting At A Time

By giving endangered species a voice via her artwork, 11-yr-old Bria of Faces Of The Endangered is making a difference one painting at a time.

 “I read about all of the endangered animals and I couldn’t believe what is happening to these wonderful creatures. I want to paint all the endangered animals and donate the money to give them a face so they don’t disappear.”

Thank you, Bria, for opening minds, touching our hearts, and exemplifying the amazing potential of your generation to make this world a better place!

From Andreas Schillert (Dasypeltis@fasciata.de)

Original source here. (translated and summarized here from German)

Germany: Bavaria: Wolves in the heart of Germany

  1. Nov. 2017

Farmers at the border between Bavaria and Hesse have become nervous after several flocks of sheep were attacked, and a wolf was sighted. There are sixty packs nationwide already, farmers demonstrate, but was it really a wolf?

It wasn’t a nice sight: sheep and goats with bite wounds were found dead again and again in the Oden Forest on the Bavaria/Hesse border. Following reports by the Bavarian broadcaster Bayerischer Rundfunk, authorities are presently investigating whether a wolf may be responsible, because a wolf had been spotted in the region as recently as in September. Now lab analyses are expected to demonstrate whether a wolf killed the sheep, for which purpose DNA samples were sent to the Hessian Laboratory for Wild Animal Genetics. Results are expected for mid December. Experts so far have not excluded the possibility that a lynx or a feral dog could be the culprit.

Mountain farmers have staged a demonstration in Munich on Thursday, demanding better protection against wolf attacks. “More and more cattle and sheep are killed by wolves,” the president of the Bavarian Farmers’ Organisation, Walter Heidl, said when addressing about 100 farmers from Austria and Bavaria. The way of farming that was so typical of the Alps region were threatened.

It is a fact that the number of free-ranging wolf packs has been on a steady increase. Their number has by now reached sixty, thirteen more than last year, which is evident from data released by the Federal Office for Nature Conservation (Bundesamt für Naturschutz, BfN) and the Federal Office for Documentation and Advice on the Wolf (Dokumentations- und Beratungsstelle des Bundes zum Wolf, DBBW). .

The wolf started to return to Bavaria a few years ago, and free-ranging wolves have reproduced in the Bavarian Forest for the first time in more than a 150 years in 2017. Furthermore, six wolves escaped from an enclosure in the national park in October. Because they were used to humans and in contrast to their wild cousins did not show sign of being shy of them, it was decided to shoot them. Three animals have been killed by now, one was captured alive, but two are still at large. They were last seen in the surroundings of Sankt Englmar and at the border with the Czech Republic. One was reported to be limping and the other was said to appear emaciated.

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project
Monthly Update – November 1-30, 2017

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)
activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at
www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/ mexicanwolf. For information on the FAIR call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit www.wmatoutdoors.org.

Past updates may be viewed on these websites. Interested parties may sign upto receive this update electronically by visiting www.azgfd.com and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf telemetry flight location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH or www.fws.gov/southwest/es/ mexicanwolf/RWL.cfm.

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: the Alpine wolf office at (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office at (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 388-4385 ext. 226. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update
On November 29, 2017, the USFWS posted on its website the finalized Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan, First Revision.  The goal of the plan is to provide guidance to recover the subspecies within the subspecies’ historical range in the Southwestern United States and Mexico.  The recovery plan provides measurable and objective criteria which, when met, will enable the USFWS to remove the Mexican wolf from the list of endangered species and turn its management over to the appropriate states and tribes. To review the recovery plan and related documents, visit the USFWS Mexican wolf website at: www.fws.gov/southwest/es/ mexicanwolf/.
Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) indicate wolves younger than 24 months or pups. A lower case letter “p” preceding the number is used to indicate a wolf pup born in the most recent spring.  The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an
established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. Studbook numbers listed in the monthly update denote wolves with functioning radio collars.The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS
Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year. This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

During annual year-end population counts, the IFT documented a minimum of 113 Mexican wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico at the end of 2016.  At the end of November, there were 66 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

Wolves with functioning radio collars are listed by studbook number in the pack updates below.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, AF1335, and m1673)

In November, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF).  The pack had several infrequent locations on the SCAR during November. Yearling m1673 made a wide dispersal movement into southwestern New Mexico.

Bluestem Pack (collared F1489, f1563, and fp1665)

In November, f1489 made dispersal movements around the northern and western edges of the Bluestem Pack’s traditional territory in the central ASNF. Yearling f1563 and fp1665 were found dead; the incidents are under investigation.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, m1471, f1473, m1474, m1477, fp1668, and mp1671)

In November, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the northeastern portion of the ASNF.  Two yearling wolves, m1477 and f1473, each made wide dispersal movements, travelling separately, from their natal territory.  Two pups were documented travelling with the pack in November.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In November, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, f1550, f1663, and mp1666)

In November, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the northeastern portion of the ASNF.  Hoodoo f1663 was found dead in November; the incident is under investigation.  Two pups were documented travelling with the pack in November.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In November, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In November, the Panther Creek Pack was located in the east central portion of the ASNF.  The IFT maintained a supplemental food cache for this pack with the goal of increasing survival of genetically valuable pups that the IFT cross-fostered into the Panther Creek Pack in May.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488)

In November, F1488 was documented travelling within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Saffel Pack (collared AF1567 and mp1661)

In November, the Saffel Pack was located in the northeastern portion of the ASNF.  Four pups were documented travelling with the Saffel Pack in November.

Single collared AM1038

In November, AM1038 of the old Hawks Nest Pack was located travelling in the north central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared m1483

Male 1483 was found dead in November; the incident is under investigation.

Single collared f1484

In November, f1484 was documented travelling alone and occasionally with the Panther Creek Pack in the Panther Creek’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared f1562

Female 1562 was localized in the north central portion of the ASNF during November and has been documented travelling with an unknown collared wolf.  The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pair to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

ON THE FAIR:

Baldy Pack (collared mp1672)

In November, mp1672, previously captured, collared and released in October, was determined via genetic analysis to be offspring of AF1445 and AM1347 of the Baldy Pack.  Male pup 1672 was located travelling alone in the eastern portion of the FAIR and northern portion of ASNF during November.  AF1445 and AM1347 have not been located by the IFT this year and remain fate unknown.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343, AF1283, and fp1674)

In November, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.  A female pup, fp1674, was captured, collared, and released.

Diamond Pack (collared m1559, f1560, m1571, and m1572)

In November, f1560 was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR and north central portion of the ASNF. Male 1571 continued to travel apart from other Diamond Pack members and made wide dispersal movements to the eastern portion of the FAIR and the central portion of the ASNF.  Male 1572 dispersed from traditional Diamond territory through the western portion of the ASNF into the Coconino National Forest during the month of November.  Male 1559 was not located during the month of November.

IN NEW MEXICO:
Copper Creek Pack (collared M1386)

During November, M1386 was documented travelling within the west central portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF).  F1444 was not located during November due to a collar malfunction, but is believed to still be travelling with M1386.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared F1456 and M1354)

During November, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portion of the GNF.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During November, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.

Lava Pack (collared F1405 and AM1285)

During November, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the southeastern portion of the GNF.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During November, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158 and AF1487)

During November, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and fp1664)

During November, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the northwestern portion of the GNF.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, f1565, and mp1669)

During November, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT re-collared mp1669 during trapping efforts in November.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and fp1578)

During November, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT captured, re-collared, and released AF1399 in November.  The supplemental food cache maintained by the IFT to increase survival of cross-fostered pups was discontinued due to reduced use and increased movements of the pack throughout its territory.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, AF1553, and mp1667)

During November, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Single collared AM1155

During November, AM1155 of the old Morgart’s Pack was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single collared M1455

M1455 was not located by the IFT during November and is now considered fate unknown.

Single collared m1486

During November, m1486 traveled throughout northern and central portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared M1552

During November, M1552 traveled throughout central portion of the CNF and eastern portion of the GNF.

Single collared m1569

During November, m1569 traveled throughout central portion of the CNF and eastern portion of the GNF.

MORTALITIES
During November, Bluestem f1563 and fp1665, Hoodoo f1663, and single m1483 were located dead in Arizona. These incidents are under investigation.  From January 1 to November 30, 2017 there have been a total of 12 documented wolf mortalities.

INCIDENTS

During the month of November, there were no confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock.  There was one nuisance incident investigated.  From January 1 to November 30, 2017 there have been a total of 16 confirmed depredation incidents in New Mexico and 15 confirmed depredation incidents in Arizona.

On November 1, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf was a probable wolf kill.

On November 4, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf was killed by a coyote.

On November 6, the IFT investigated a report of wolves acting aggressively toward campers at the Hannagan Campground located near Hannagan Meadow.  Based on interviews of the campers involved and evidence gathered from an investigation of the scene, the IFT determined domestic dogs were responsible for the incident.

On November 24, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ.  The investigation determined the calf had been killed by coyotes.

On November 28, WMAT investigated a dead steer on the FAIR.  The investigation determined the steer died of illness.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION
On November 4, WMAT personnel presented at the White Mountain Apache Wildlife Fair at the Hon dah Conference Center on the FAIR.

On November 14, WMAT personnel presented on a radio show on KNNB radio in Whiteriver, AZ.

PROJECT PERSONNEL
WMAT welcomed a temporary employee this month. We are glad to have her on board!

REWARDS OFFERED
The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at(505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

Other News

National

Nothing to report

Next Door

Nothing to report

International

Nothing to report

Wolves and Wolfdogs

A Wish for Christmas we all share
Dreaming of a National Wolf Recovery Plan

by Rick Lamplugh

The slaughter of wolves in Wyoming, Idaho, Montana, and even Oregon makes me wonder “How can this be?” It’s disappointing and frustrating to see hatred legalized, and I struggle to stay optimistic. One strategy I use is imagining what might be instead of dreading what is. With that in mind, here’s an idea that gives me hope: a national wolf recovery plan.

[I’m pleased to say that this commentary, in my voice, is now available for your listening on Wolfdog Radio. I want to thank Deanna and Greg for making a place for my commentaries in their station’s programming and for creating a section for me on the website. Here’s the link.]

Though each wolf state must have a federally approved wolf management plan, the federal government does not have one. The feds have the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the agency responsible for ensuring that gray wolf recovery meets the requirements of the Endangered Species Act. Critics on both sides—those who want the wolf off the endangered species list and those who want the animal on it—criticize the agency. Litigation and legislation abound. Should we delist, downlist, or destroy wolves?

A while back, three scientists stepped away from that fray and studied the situation. They wrote “A Framework for Envisioning Gray Wolf Recovery” and proposed an alternative to the mess we are mired in. Their two-page proposal stuns me with its overall simplicity and main point: the U.S, Fish and Wildlife Service should develop a national wolf recovery plan that adheres to the ESA.

The scientists believe wolf recovery is feasible in the Lower 48. “Wolves are one of the most adaptable mammals on the planet and can live where there is adequate food and where regulatory mechanisms limit the rate at which humans kill wolves.” In other words, if we don’t shoot, trap, or poison them, wolves will recover.

Wolves will recover best where fewer than 142 of us humans crowd each square kilometre, the scientists calculate. Their proposal includes a map pinpointing localities too thick with humans. These high-density areas freckle the Lower 48’s eastern half, but the western half has few. In addition to showing where wolves should not live, the map reveals where they could live, even if reintroduction was necessary to get them there. Three potential recovery areas reside in the wide open West. Another one is in the very northeast corner of the U.S, above the congestion of the BosNYWash megalopolis.

Of course, wherever wolves appear, some people will wail that the predators threaten humans. But the scientists say that wolves present less danger “than any number of animal species that Americans encounter on a daily basis, including white-tailed deer, hogs, bees, and domestic dogs, to mention just a few.”

I doubt that ranchers and their lobbyists—the big and noisy anti-wolf faction—believe that statement. The scientists do project that more wolves will kill more livestock, while they add, from “an industry perspective the economic losses attributable to wolves would be genuinely trivial.” They recommend compensating ranchers for losses—as programs now do in wolf states.

The recovery plan answers a big question: How is recovery defined? The scientists chose a definition based on scholarship and case law: a species is recovered when it occupies much or most of its former range.

But even after a successful recovery, the authors don’t expect to find wolves everywhere the animals once roamed. Humans have so damaged some historic range that it can’t provide the needed prey and habitat. In other areas, humans present too much of a threat to wolves. However, even with wolves missing from some past range, wolf country would increase under a national wolf recovery plan.

Their proposal imagines a small, vocal, and influential group insisting that Americans will not tolerate widespread recovery. But the scientists believe that wolves and humans can coexist, and “…if intolerance is a genuine threat to recovery, then according to federal law such threats must be mitigated before the wolf can be delisted.”

To me, that idea—that federal law requires reducing intolerance of wolves—is the cornerstone of a framework for envisioning wolf recovery. The danger for America’s wolves comes from our culture’s ingrained hatred of a competitive species—most conflicts, after all, arise over who gets to eat livestock or wild game first. That hatred arrived with Old World colonists and over the years took on an American twist. By the early 1900s, the U.S. Biological Survey—our nation’s first government wolf-killers—played up the lies and fantasies behind that hatred as a way of raising money for predator eradication. Once dollars flowed, they and their prodigy, Wildlife Services, almost emptied the Lower 48 of wolves. Even after seventy years with few wolves around, the hatred survived and today spawns vicious acts and intolerance, like the poaching or mysterious deaths of wolves in the last two years in Oregon.

That hatred lurks behind the vow of some states to kill all wolves except the minimum number their federally approved plans require. Those plans don’t reduce wolf hatred; worse yet, they give the false impression that wolf recovery depends on the number of surviving breeding pairs. Numbers obscure the truth: we must transform our culture from one of wolf hatred to one of wolf respect.

A national wolf recovery plan could address the hatred and intolerance that threatens wolf recovery. It could include strategies to promote the value of wolves and change intolerance to—at the very least—begrudging acceptance. Now that’s something to hope for when times are tough.

You can read more about wolves and our relationship with them in Rick’s books. His new book, Deep into Yellowstone, is available signed from Rick at http://bit.ly/2tIEt62, or unsigned on Amazon: http://amzn.to/2tgPU3E. His best seller, In the Temple of Wolves, is available signed at http://bit.ly/1gYghB4, or unsigned on Amazon at http://amzn.to/Jpea9Q.

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 145

A Picture of a Wolf
by Candida Barrett

The moon rises higher, through the sky, beneath the blanket the night provides. There lies one soul, a human, alone, making camp in a clearing lit by the moon. He makes a fire, sets up a tent, and starts to cook his food, to soon eat. He then takes out a camera and looks around to take pictures of this peaceful place.

A deer has been captured on film, forevermore a bird flitting away to its nighttime nest. A rabbit hopping through the green bushes, but the man wants something more. Something he has yet to see with his own eyes. A wolf, he wants, a picture of a wolf beautiful and proud, to be seen on film. He wants to do it himself, not happy otherwise, so he waits, hoping to come across a wolf.

The moon moves on its arc in the sky, time clicks on, and still the man waits. Never losing faith, still waiting there, fire has long gone out, food long since eaten. Camera held in waiting hands, quiet eyes searching. He waited until the sky became soft pink, the moon had vanished, the stars were fading. The sun was coming; the man admitted defeat and he started to pack up, to leave.

Suddenly, ahead of him there was a form. It appeared with silence, like a ghost, it was no more than a few feet away. The man looked in awe, becoming still, he didn’t want to scare it away, so he stood. It was a wolf, a female, her body a misty white. She seemed ageless, majestic, and wise; fur was wispy with beauty, like well-combed hair. But her eyes were the strangest thing. There were scars on her forehead, from a battle long past, one streaked over her right eye, which was empty. It was stark white, as if a pearl was in her forehead, the other eye was like a sapphire, beautiful and sparkling. She looked at him in reverent silence.

The man stood there, taking in her beauty, like a beautiful ghost, a being from the mist. She then moved on, paws walking in silence, her form seemed to disappear, melting into the air. The man remained in awed silence. He never took a picture of a wolf, of her, but then again, now he didn’t need to.

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

Today I don’t want to talk about our pack, because I have a story to tell about another wolf, and since this is our last issue before Christmas, I thought this story was very well suited for that time of year – it is about a wolf who will live to have a nice Christmas thanks to some people who cared.

On Sunday, 3 December 2017, at 14.59 h, Ted received an e-mail from our good friend, Lars, asking for his help in locating a wolf named Warrior who had run away. What had happened?

A lady caring for a male wolf, Warrior, and a female German shepherd dog named Minchkins had decided to end her life because of a number of very tragic circumstances that had made it unbearable. In her last note she left all her belongings to Lars and asked him to please take care of her two beloved animals. Now, a good friend of his, Frank, had offered to go and fetch the wolf and the dog who were inseparable friends, because he lived closer to the place of these events, Swartruggens, and then take them to Lars’s place. However, when he arrived, the wolf bolted and disappeared into the fields behind the house through the rather desolate fence. Frank had tried to follow him but unfortunately unsuccessfully so, and the wolf was gone. He could do nothing but take only the dog with him and think of a plan of how to find the wolf before he might get shot by a neighbouring farmer or killed by a car on the road. On top of this he was also scared that the immediate neighbour, who did not like the wolf, would make a short business of him when he saw him.

But what had all this to do with Ted? Well, he is a very well-trained and skilled animal communicator and had managed to locate lost animals before, and so Lars’ friend, although rather sceptical, thought it might be worth a try. Knowing that we were friends he had asked Lars to get in contact with Ted and explain the problem.

“How the heck am I supposed to do that?” Ted asked me. “Who are these persons Lars talks about, and where is this place? Probably somewhere in the Freestate. Anyway, I don’t have a photograph or a memory of that wolf.” Ted also learned that Warrior’s father lived with Lars. “Okay, I’ll try”, he said and eventually really managed to make contact with a wolf who responded to the name of Warrior. He seemed to be a very light-coloured animal, but was not white. He was very wary and, of course, distrusted him. Ted introduced himself and let him browse through his mental history with wolf contacts. The wolf was impressed and started listening to him. Ted asked him where he was, and he returned two views, the first one very brief as though he was approaching a certain place, and then a longer one that showed what he was looking at in the moment. He knew these views meant past and present, respectively.

At 14.59 h, Ted sent an e-mail to Lars, informing him about what he had seen through Warrior’s eyes and asking to forward the information to Frank: “He can see a few small houses with white-washed walls, shiny corrugated roofs, an open fence in front of these. He is lying in the shade of a small stand of trees, a short and narrow strip really, with scrub for undergrowth. He is very thirsty. He knows that his owner is no more. She was the only tallwalker he trusted, but now he feels he has to take over responsibility and he trusts no one. There is a stout, fairly tall guy with shortish, blond/brown hair he distrusts and dislikes deeply. “

Ted tried to convince Warrior that the tallwalkers looking for him meant him well, but he obviously distrusted him. He told him that they wanted to take him back to his wolf family. At least he was talking and, more importantly, listening to Ted after he managed to credibly identify himself.

This was exceedingly difficult without a photo and not knowing the persons Lars mentioned either so that there was no chance for Ted to familiarize him with Frank for example. Minchkins might have served as a physical link to him, but with her removed from his location Ted didn’t really know how to make this work now.

At 20.55 h, Ted received an e-mail from Frank with two video clips of Warrior. “Aaah,” Ted realized that it was indeed a light-coloured wolf and that he had probably found the right individual. “I never knew or even expected that contact could be made like this! A pity that none of the videos shows a clear view of his face, but still better than no pic at all!” said Ted. But who was this friend of Lars’? “Doesn’t matter, the thing is he must be enabled to find Warrior, and now I have his E-mail address.” Ted concluded.

On Monday, 4 December 2017, 12.18 h, we got an email from Lars, saying that Frank had checked the area for what Ted had seen and that his comment had been,  “Ted is scarily accurate.”

At 12.21 h, we received another email, asking for a cell number to send Ted copies of Frank’s posts to him that morning, saying, “He has always been a sceptic until now.”

At 12:22 h, Ted sent an e-mail to both of them: “Warrior has moved overnight from the place where I found him yesterday: It looks like a slope with trees and undergrowth next to an open field more distant from houses. He is extremely stressed and unsure of what to do. He has not eaten anything since his escape and is now starting to feel hungry, but is actually too stressed to go and look for something. At least he could drink some rainwater. Last night he halfheartedly tried to sneak back to his home, but eventually did not dare to. He saw a group of three or four people this morning (?), one was a black lady in a white dress with a large floral pattern, and there was at least one small child amongst them. He could not tell whether they saw him too as he stayed concealed in the underbrush. There is very little traffic where he is now; he noted only two or three “boxes that move fast” (=cars), and only a white one of these was nearby. He keeps on showing me a male person in blue clothing; could be a black man in an overall, but I can’t make sense of that. He is very worried about Minchkins. I am aware that all this might help very little, but his transmissions are so mixed up from his being stressed to the extreme that they might be a mix of past and present, which complicates things even further. I would think it could be useful if I could show him pics of the persons meaning him well and looking for him, otherwise he might just stay in hiding.”

At 12.55 h, Ted received an answer from Lars saying, “Thank you, please tell him that Minchkins is well, she is at my house and sleeping inside, I took her for a long drive with me while I went on farm patrol as I didn’t want to leave her on her own (abandoned), she licks me in the face when I’m in bed so she is feeling safe. I have some pictures that Frank sent me via whatsapp.”

At 13.12 h, an e-mail from Frank arrived, saying, “Thank you Ted. Should you be able to make contact with him again, please try to convince him to go back to the house. It is his only chance on survival. He has to go to the man who gave him food last week, even if he does not trust him. I do not trust him either, but he is his only chance. He must stop running. The man who gave him food at the house will call us and let us know so that we can go and get him and take him to his family and safety. We are just far away and it will take about two hours. Attached is a picture of myself.”

Ted burst out to me:  “What? Frank isn’t even on site in Swartruggens? I should have known this!”

“Warrior is an uncle of my wolf called Wahya. Rocket, Warrior’s brother from the same litter, is his father. Maybe such a connection may help that he will trust me better. “

“No, that will not do; this chain is much too long to help”, Ted commented.

“Tell him Minchkins is safe with Lars at the place where his family and father are. I’m grabbing at straws, but it is all I have after our disastrous weekend.”

At 13.36 h, Ted got another email from him. It said: “I attach a screenshot of the area where Warrior lives. In the centre of the photo is a large dark green tree. The house just opposite was Warrior’s house. The fields to the top of it is where he disappeared into. The whole area is much more overgrown at the moment than on the satellite pic. “

“Ooops”, Ted was surprised to find that Swartruggens was in Northwestern Province!

At 14.50 h, he sent an e-mail back, including a segment of Frank’s satellite pic with a specific area marked: “This is where he was yesterday. I used Google Earth to maybe get an idea from where he can see what he has shown me today, but the only area that comes close to it is here.” He inserted a screenshot and marked the area that looked the closest to what he had seen.

“And I could be completely wrong. I contacted him again, but all I can say is that he is presently lying in an elevated spot (like a hill or something that is not horizontal and flat) between trees and scrub, looking down at an open field, across which there are people at a distance. He is deeply depressed. I emphasized on him that he must turn to tallwalkers for help. He wants to wait for nightfall, ‘when it will be safe to move again’”.

At 15.48, he wrote again to Lars, asking for a picture of Rocket to show to Warrior.

At 17.30 h, he received the requested picture. Rocket turned out to be the twin brother of Kajack II who lived with ourselves!

At 18.02 h, Ted wrote again to Frank: “I have impressed on Warrior that he must go back to “the box to live in” (=house) and let the tallwalker he distrusts so deeply know that he is there by howling loudly and showing himself. He is not required to take food from him or be touched if he doesn’t want to, but he must wait for the friendly tallwalker (=your picture) to arrive and take him to Minchkins who is with his father (Lars sent a pic). Both Minchkins and Rocket are worried about him. He must not try travelling to them on his own, because he does not know where to go (he was seriously contemplating this!) and it is a loooong way and very dangerous. At first he wouldn’t listen to me, but then I impressed on him that I knew both the world of the wolf and the world of the tallwalker, and that made him listen eventually. If he follows my guidance, he will do so only after dark, even though he is up and pacing nervously in his ‘forest’ right now, wanting to get going. I really do hope for the best.“

At 20.16 h, Frank answered, sending a pic of the back fence of the property Warrior had disappeared from.

At 20.23 h, another e-mail arrived with several pics taken on the neighbouring property where vegetables were cultivated and which was also the property next to that where Ted had placed Warrior on Sunday.

At 20.51h, Ted replied: “Photo 439 is EXACTLY what I saw briefly as is and then, for a longer period, from the perspective of the trees in the background yesterday!” and, “Warrior is currently moving, very carefully approaching some buildings, but I can’t tell what/whose they are. I just hope he is following my advice… “

At 20.53 h, he got a return mail saying, “I just received an unconfirmed message that Warrior is back at the house. He will probably stay there for the night (I hope) and unless he is chased again not run off tomorrow morning. The neighbour sent me an SMS earlier that he tried to block off the holes in the back fence as best as he could and left the gate open to allow him back in.”

Ted answered: “WOW! I trust you are going there tomorrow morning? When are you planning on arriving there? I want to talk to him before that and prepare him for the encounter with the likeness of your photo.”

At 21.28 h, he received an answer, “We will arrange tomorrow morning very early. I will let you know. It is a two-hour drive for me.”

By Tuesday, 5 December 2017, 12.40 h, we had not heard a word from anybody. Ted was wondering what was going on. “I’m worrying myself sick here for all I know Warrior could have been shot dead by now and nobody cares to keep me updated? How am I supposed to work like this? The flow of information is most crucial in this situation!” He was getting upset and sent an e-mail to both Lars and Frank asking what the status quo was.

At 13.31 h, Frank answered: “The heavens opened up this morning. Warrior is still at the house, but is running circles around everybody. I asked them to just make sure he cannot get out and rather not stress him out until we can get there. I have a team on standby now for tomorrow if need be to corner and catch him, but I trust it will not be necessary. He is injured and limps with his one front leg. Does not seem too serious though. “

Ted’s reaction was an outburst: ”Oh Fock, he didn’t leave at all when he said he would. What will THAT do to my credibility with Warrior?” He was getting more agitated by the moment (and angrier, too). He fully understood the weather problem though; it was pouring cats and dogs on our place as well.

At 13.53 h, he wrote to Frank again: “I kept an eye on him until about 2.30 this morning and calmed him down just about every time he got up and walked to the gate or a fence, telling him that he must wait for the friendly tallwalker (your picture) to arrive when it would get light so that he could take and reunite him with Minchkins. He listened very nicely. I did not pick up his limping, but he was probably suppressing it with all the stress he is experiencing. I will talk to him right now and assure him of your coming and helping him tomorrow.”

At 14.30 h, Ted sent another mail: “Apparently he got pricked by the end of the mesh fence wire where it is fixed to the bottom string wire when he tested how to get through there, but I couldn’t find out when this happened. It feels like the left front paw. He was thrown something to eat and he ate it when it was safe to. I asked him to stay under cover, keep his paw clean, and wait for you to arrive tomorrow morning. The big problem here was, and probably still is, that my unfulfilled promise to him for this morning and then my not contacting him (for lack of information) have palpably undermined my credibility with him. I explained to him that I made a mistake by making a promise on another tallwalker’s behalf and apologized, but he just doesn’t trust me as much as he did yesterday. I can only hope that he won’t try to get out again, be it for hunger or out of desperation over having seemingly been abandoned once more. I know he has not been dumped and forgotten, but it must surely look like it to him at the moment… I will keep contact throughout the day and well into the night again.”

At 17.37 h, he received an answer from Frank: “If Warrior is in the house and easy to get hold of, I will be driving through tonight to collect him. I do not trust the neighbour (our only contact there) and I am scared that he may just open the gate and let Warrior go just to spite us. He promised me updates during the day of which the last was at 7 this morning. Warrior will just have to trust me on this one. He has no other choice or chance. If we get there and he bolts it will probably mean his end. We all know it. We will be a couple of people because we have to secure the yard first to make sure that he does not simply run away the moment we get there like he did on Sunday. I understand that he is stressed, but we cannot keep on driving there and back every day or so. This morning I could not muster up assistance quickly and that is why we decided to leave the move till tomorrow. I can but hope and pray that he will sit tight and not do something silly.

“Ted, you have NO idea how terrible I feel about this wolf and how important it is that I, or whoever for that matter, can get him safely to his family. It has nothing to do with me , there just simply is nobody else and I am passionate about ‘rescuing’ wolves from hardship. Why? I don’t know – it just happened. I even bought a trailer specifically for the purpose. All my colleagues think I’m a little nuts and maybe they are right. All my spare time goes into the two wolves that live with us. It is just who I am. No friends, family avoids us, and we never go away – but I think if somebody can understand that, it is you.”

Ted was relieved, “Great!”, he said to me and answered. “I’ll prepare Warrior for the encounter. As far as I know he is still there, but still refuses to go into the house.” I could literally see the pressure falling off his shoulders.

At 18.24 h, Ted wrote: “Warrior is wary of the door that might just close behind him when he ventures into the house. He went in there at least once, but quickly returned to the outside. He is VERY suspicious of this man next door (which I presume is this neighbour character). Let me know when you can foresee when you will arrive there and I’ll do my utmost to pacify him and let you come near him. He is more agitated than yesterday, though.”

At 21.18 h, Ted thought Frank should be nearly on site by now and sent him a last e-mail for the day, asking him to send him an SMS maybe 30 minutes before he arrived there, as he would now switch off the PC.

At 21.20 h, Ted got an SMS saying, “Will do thanks Thomas. Should be around 07:30.”

“WHAT?”, Ted nearly freaked out. “That would be only tomorrow morning, and I thought he is almost there already!” Oh boy, I knew that would be another loooong and restless night.

AT 21.21 h, Ted sent an angry SMS asking: “What is it now? After your last mail I thought you were almost there by now.” Ted was surely getting really upset. He was supposed to pave the way for this guy, but he kept on changing plans without so much as a word to him and no idea what it took to keep the most fragile balance of trust with Warrior. He was putting him in an almost impossible position!

At 21.44 h, another SMS arrived. “…should we fail tomorrow, Warrior will most likely be shot because the property should have been vacated already and it is only him blocking it. I think I am more stressed out than him.”

Ted was at the end of his nerves and said, “Tell me about being stressed out! I am worrying myself sick and into a frenzy here over my losing credibility with Warrior. How can I possibly keep Warrior under control until Frank will arrive there tomorrow morning and then make him let him come near him??? He doesn’t trust me anymore after two broken promises!” I could clearly hear how scared he was of losing this fight for Warrior’s life.

On Wednesday, 6 December, at 07.32 h and after a sleepless night, we got an SMS from Frank, saying: “We are about 30 minutes away. Please try to assist us no matter you may think. I am not the bad guy in this mess.”

“Of course you aren’t the ‘bad guy’ here!”, Ted said, getting up, “And I’m thinking only the best of him, but his communication skills? We will have to sort this out after Warrior is either safe or dead. I now have to keep contact with Warrior until he has arrived; this is gonna take a MAJOR effort…”

At 09.18 h, after hardly being able to think of anything else but Warrior, the relieving SMS arrived: “Thanks Ted. Got him without a fight. He listened to me.”

At  09.19 h, Ted answered: “Fantastic! Congrats. Thank you so much for caring. Let me know when you are at his family’s place.”

It took until 16.37 h to hear from Frank again: “Hi Ted. Safely at home. Will give you a total report on e-mail later when I’m back home and rested. Also nice photos.”

Then followed an email from Lars saying: “Together again, I’m very emotional at the moment, but thank you very much for talking to him, Frank wants to learn more about this communication with animals, he was always a sceptic.”

On Thursday, 7 December, 9.36 h, we got an long email from Frank: “Hi Ted. Got the final proof yesterday morning that our contact in Swartruggens, the neighbour, was the fly in the ointment. He was extremely mad at us when we just arrived there without consulting with him first. He just unlocked the gates, shouted at Warrior to spook him, and left. We closed the gates before Warrior could bolt, and slowly and silently started securing the yard perimeter with shadenet while keeping a close eye on Warrior. We had about secured one corner when one of the team noted that Warrior wanted to go into the house through a side door. It was opened and he went inside and lay down in the kitchen.

“Not leaving anything to chance, we secured the kitchen window from the outside and a couple of us went in slowly to see what would happen. He was sitting quietly under the windowsill in the half dark. I told the guys to stay back and went to sit about 2 m from him and started talking to him, telling him to look at me and remember his dream. He gave me glances and then looked away, just sitting there. I kept on talking, telling him we were there to help him and take him to Minchkins and his family, slowly moving closer. I started scratching behind his ear and for a moment he snarled at me, but I just continued, softly telling him it was not necessary. He turned around and lay down with his head between his front paws, totally succumbing. My friend moved closer and asked if he could join us. I said yes and he also started scratching him, reassuring him that he was going home. I injected him a small amount of tranquilizer to make it easier for us to load him into the trailer and keep him calm and sleeping most of the way. Some of the group started clearing up again outside while the others stayed with him, talking to him and reassuring him that all would be ok. We moved him onto a duvet and carried him to the trailer. We put one of his lady’s old sweaters in with him for the familiar smell. I also took the carpet that he was apparently sleeping on and gave it to Lars. You will see him sitting on it in his house.

“Overall it was an enriching and extremely emotional experience for all of us involved. I cannot but thank you for the role you played in this and would very much wish to talk to you some more at a later stage.

“By the way, I think I was one of the first people in SA to buy a copy of your book on Amazon. I thoroughly enjoyed it and it was enriching to see how similar our experience of living with wolves in the house is to yours.”

At 09.45 h, another e-mail from him arrived: “My total distance travelled since Saturday morning with three trips to Swartruggens and two to Lars, is just under 2000 km. Every one of them worthwhile. I love the photo of Minchkins kissing him when I opened up the trailer at his new home.”

At 09.53 h, the next mail followed with photos of Warrior and his family attached. It said: “My final conclusion on this terrible case is that we are dealing with a wolf that has gone to hell and back the last couple of months. He turned from a very loved and well cared-for house companion into a semi-feral wolf roaming the area and fighting with dogs to survive. He has numerous bite marks, is covered in ticks and has injured his paw. Lars is tending to it. His ears are also terribly bitten by flies, showing that he basically lived outside for some time. As I read the timeline of events this downhill trend must have started around June/July until ending in this tragedy.”

Ted wrote back to both: “I got all your mails/SMSs, I think. Thanks for the additional info and the photos! I slept like a log last night, completely drained after all the drama, and just so happy that all ended well.

“After receiving your SMS that you were about half an hour from reaching him, I made contact immediately, but like throughout the day before, he wouldn’t answer me and was distrusting me to some extent over the broken promise of the time of collection that had been rained out. At least I noted that he was listening, and that what was important. I kept on virtually bombarding him every few minutes with your picture, telling him this was the friendly tallwalker he could trust and that he would now arrive very soon. Then, eventually, he responded for the first time, letting me feel how unsure he was of everything. I reassured him that all would be fine, connecting him to Minchkins and his family at Lars’s place who did not seem to have direct contact with him (strange!) and pictures of my imagination of a happy reunion. He liked that idea very much. Then I got the briefest of flashes of you standing at the gate and the connection broke off abruptly. A little while later I managed to obtain a blurry picture of what looked like as though he was looking out of something through white bars and guessed it was a trailer. I was greatly relieved! And then your SMS arrived that all went better than anyone might have expected and my blood pressure returned to normal.

“I was unable to connect again until sometime in the early afternoon: Warrior was a little scared in the ‘moving box’ (= trailer), but like the contact before, it was all blurry and no proper connection was possible.

“In the evening, I managed to establish a good contact once more, and he was happy in the company of Minchkins and several wolves. He had realized that there were tallwalkers that could indeed be trusted, and I told him that he can trust anyone who can talk to him like I did and those a “talking tallwalker” tells him are okay. He sent me the picture of you back, smiling…

“I think Warrior expected that you would now be looking after him and Minchkins. I didn’t of course confuse him with letting him know that this would not be the case and another tallwalker, Lars, would take over. The priority had to be to get him back to the house and trust you when you arrived. I think he will settle in quite quickly and accept Lars’s role in it. I would not really like to interfere in this process unless there are genuine problems popping up.

“There is no reason to thank me. I would much rather like to thank both of you for saving a wolf’s life and giving him a new home!

“There were some serious stumbling blocks in the whole story that made it difficult to the extreme for me to operate effectively. While these pushed me to try out new approaches that fortunately worked and taught me new things, they might have spoiled everything in a more acute scenario.”

Late that evening, Ted contacted Warrior again and sent his findings to both our friends – the old and the new one: “I connected to Warrior, which has once more become easy. I found him blissfully asleep, and he thought he was dreaming. ‘You are finally at home and safe now. Did you recognize your old family? And the friendly tallwalker who now looks after you? The place you are at now is where tallwalkers come who want to meet you and the other wolves because they love you like I do – and the other two tallwalkers (I send pictures of both of you).’ ‘Are you feeling good?’ Dreamy pictures in response. ‘Oh, you got bowled over and snarled at today? Yes, you must learn that you have a certain place in a large pack now. Later, you may rise in the ranks, but for now you must listen to your elders!’ He almost wakes up now. ‘Hello Warrior, yes, this was not a dream…’”

For Ted a dream has come true. Why? The preface of his book says it at the end of page 8: And if it helps to save the life of just one wolf, my dream will have come true. He says that his part in this rescue mission was a very small one, but I see it from a different angle and am very proud of him and it certainly helped the real hero in this story, our new friend Frank.

And if you want to learn more about what it is like to live with wolves and what animal communication is and can do for you, you may want to get yourself a copy of Ted’s book: A Houseful A Headful of Wolves.

I hope you enjoyed this little story and wish all of you
A peaceful and Merry Christmas and
A successful and happy New Year

Will be continued…

Volume 12, Issue 157, November 2017

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 12, Issue 157, November 2017

From the Editor’s Desk

Up on the Highveld, we have been experiencing some of the weirdest weather ever. November is supposed to be a mid-spring month and usually it will be warm to rather hot with more or less daily thunderstorms. Well, there were some hot days and a few thunderstorms this year, too, but there were also two, fortunately brief, periods with outright winter weather, worse actually than most of the winter! Maybe our furry kids knew what was coming, because, untypical for them, they have not even begun to shed their winter coat.

Well, what have we got for you this month? Bad news for wolves and wildlife in general from the US, of course. And there are some minor German politicians who still are misguided into thinking they can do as they please once elected into positions of relative power. Sorry guys, too many eyes are watching you…

Rick Lamplugh provides more insights into wolf (and coyote) management; very valuable information and fresh perspectives indeed, as usual.

We have a poem, a little enigmatic, but really haunting; at least that’s how I feel about it.

Erin updates us on her pack and makes it clear once more that dangers lurk in the most unexpected places and can strike any time.

And if you still wonder what to give to a wolf lover for Xmas (yeah, it’s just six weeks to go!), why not get him or her a copy of my book?

English version

Deutsche Fassung

   
A Houseful Headful of Wolves

The Story of two People sharing their Home and Lives with Wolves

available from www.amazon.com and all other Amazon online shops

Das Haus Den Kopf voller Wölfe

Die Geschichte zweier Menschen, die ihr Heim und Leben mit Wölfen teilen

erhältlich bei www.amazon.de und allen anderen Amazon Online-Shops

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs here

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

3. Join Us for Wine and Wolves

Annual Holiday Celebration to Benefit the Wolf Conservation Center!
7:00pm – 10:00pm
Thursday, December 7, 2017
Join the Wolf Conservation Center family to toast to eighteen years of success in our mission of education and conservation at a festive holiday party and silent auction at the newly renovated Le Chateau estate!
Le Chateau will be serving an exceptional assortment of their chef’s finest food, accompanied by a selection of wines provided by Candoni De Zan and wolf-inspired cocktails from Montelobos Mezcal.  A DJ from Hal Prince Music will be providing music throughout the evening.
Amazing and unique items will be available all evening for auction via silent bid, including a once in a lifetime opportunity to experience The Walker Library of the History of Human Imagination in Ridgefield, CT!  Our charming Wolf Conservation Center merchandise will also be available for sale – perfect and unique gifts for the holiday season.

Tickets are $125 and attendance is limited to 200. Past years’ events have sold out, so sign up today! You may also call 914-763-2373 to register or for more information.

For Tickets go to https://nywolf.org/benefits/wine-and-wolves-2017

News from the Wolf Front

National

Nothing to report

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: Writing the next chapter in wolf recovery

By the mid-1930s, after decades of intolerance and unchecked killing, wolves were eradicated from all but a few areas in the lower 48 states.

It seemed like the end was inevitable for wolves on the landscape in the lower 48.

But Defenders has always been a champion for wolves and we weren’t going to let that be the end of the story.

We’ve had successes. But the greatest threat to wolves remains the same as it did from the start of their persecution all those years ago – humankind.

With the growing populations of wolves on our landscape, the threat of their coming into contact with communities increases every day.

That is why Defenders is determined to help the public share the land with wolves and dispel the myths and misconceptions that nearly silenced them for good. This is the very centre of our coexistence work – and it’s the key to creating a future for wolves and other wildlife.

Help us continue to write the story for wolves: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=ahfATwBBWfOBD4zzAmWM3A

 

  1. USA: Wolves are returning, but they need your help!

I have been lucky enough to hear the howl of wolves echoing in the wilderness. And I will always treasure the fact that, as Director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, I had a hand in bringing wolves back to the wild.

You may not realize it, but you did too – in fact, as a Defender of Wildlife, you’ve been there all along.

Continue your commitment to restoring wolves: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=FJoIAPHxfMGEEekXCIzfsw

Over the years, we’ve made great strides and, as a result of our tireless efforts, wolf recovery is working. Wolves are now living in areas where they were once wiped out – places like Oregon, Washington, Arizona, New Mexico and California.

But turning back the clock on the devastation of wolves in this country isn’t as simple as reintroducing wolves to the wild.

Right now, wolves and other recovering wildlife are at a critical crossroads. The growth and expansion of wildlife populations into new territories means they are coming into contact with humans more often. And if history is any guide, contact means conflict. That is where our pioneering coexistence efforts come in.

Our coexistence work is at a pivotal point.

In order to achieve lasting success for wolves, we must change people’s hearts and minds about these iconic predators.

Defenders’ pioneering coexistence work has improved relationships with landowners and fostered partnerships with the federal government and state and local decision makers to advance recovery.

Make way for wolves! Give today to further our coexistence efforts to help the public share the land with wildlife: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=oa1ptNHNViUOodv7vlhSzQ

We have known since day one that reducing conflicts between wolves and people is key to long-term wolf recovery. And that long-term vision is what sets us apart.

The life of every wolf is precious, yet as wolf populations continue to grow, our focus must shift to be more about the survival of the species as a whole – especially as interactions with humans increase.

We can’t afford to be short-sighted. If we’re not coexisting with wildlife then we’re condemning wildlife.

Please give today to help us give wolves the long-term future they deserve: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=EXyiGEWfxSR2_BsG14DeFA

 

From ForceChange (TakeAction@ForceChange.com)

USA: Stop Plans to Slaughter Endangered Wolves

Endangered grey wolves will soon be open to slaughter in Wisconsin if ranchers and hunters get their way. Sign this petition to demand protections for this majestic endangered species: https://forcechange.com/421006/dont-allow-killing-of-endangered-wolves/

Now it’s our turn to ask for help: For those of you who are already Premium Members — thank you from the bottom of our hearts! For the rest of our community, please consider the following message:

Our organization is only able to continue our work due to the financial support from people like you: https://forcechange.com/forcechange-now/?utm_source=FC-newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_content=long-text .This is because running a major online activism platform is expensive. Without our Premium Members, we would be forced to shut down our operations — and animal abusers, environmental polluters and wrongdoers across the globe would breathe a sigh of relief knowing that there was one less watchdog shining light on their evil ways.

Don’t let this happen! Please consider upgrading right now to ensure we can continue our important work. When you upgrade to a Premium Membership, you will also gain access to our Premium Perks, which include:

We’re so sure you will love your Premium Membership and the Premium Perks that if you upgrade right now, we’ll guarantee a full refund for the next 7 days if you’re unsatisfied. Simply email us within 7 days if you’d like to cancel your upgrade and receive a full refund https://forcechange.com/forcechange-now/?utm_source=FC-newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_content=long-text

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org)

1. Germany: Save the Cuxland Pack – New Petiton! (translated here from German)

Dear supporters,

Pumpak is still missing, and incidents relating to wolves in the whole of Germany have abounded since January this year. The Rosenthal Pack in Saxony is safe for now, but it is still at risk. The wolves in Lower Saxony are presently in great danger. If the Lower Saxony politicians can have it their way, the complete Cuxland Pack should be killed. They pursue lobby politics against the will of the majority. You can read the full article here (in German).

Purportedly, the pack displays abnormal behaviour, but is that really so?

Please sign and share the petition here.

2. Germany: Saxony – again a Wolf shall die! I am asking for your help! (translated here from German)

28 Oct 2017 — Again a wolf in Saxony shall die; a sacrificial lamb for District Councillor Harig who has set his sights on the entire Rosenthal Pack and wants it killed. It was only a short while ago that his proposal to this effect was rejected, and now it seems he is trying to get his will by means of individual shooting permits. He himself is a hobby shepherd and was recently quoted as saying that keeping and breeding grazing animals were more important than species conservation. This man was democratically voted into power and is supposed to act in the interest of all citizens, not to pursue lobby politics for his buddies. The order to shoot Pumpak is not yet 9 months old, and already it all starts over. You can read the press briefing (in German) here: https://www.medienservice.sachsen.de/medien/news/214194

Please send your protests to:

Umweltminister Thomas Schmidt
CDU-Fraktion des Sächsischen Landtages
Bernhard-von-Lindenau-Platz 1
01067 Dresden
Tel. (0351) 493-5576
Fax (0351) 451031-5576
thomas.schmidt@slt.sachsen.de
www.thomas-schmidt-online.de and

Landrat Harig
Landratsamt Bautzen

Bahnhofstraße 9

02625 Bautzen
Tel.: 03591 5251-80000
Fax: 03591 5250-80000
E-Mail: landrat@lra-bautzen.de

And please donate to:
Wolfsschutz Deutschland in Pro Naturschutz Sachsen e. V. (Grüne Liga Sachsen)
Erzgebirgssparkasse
IBAN DE78 8705 4000 0725 0179 88
BIC WELADED1STB

Donations are tax-deductible.
From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: HE is not a Trophy

Bill H.R. 424 seeks undermine the Endangered Species Act and allow wolves to be shot and trapped for trophy in 4 states. To add insult to injury, the bill prohibits its judicial review thus preventing any legal challenge.

Take action here.

 

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

  1. Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – September 1-30, 2017

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at

www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf.

Past updates may be viewed on either website, or interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf telemetry flight location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH or www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/RWL.cfm.

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to:(928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

Dr. Benjamin Tuggle is the new USFWS Assistant Director for Science Applications. The new USFWS Southwest Regional Director is Amy Lueders, formerly the Bureau of Land Management State Director for New Mexico.

On September 7, the USFWS met with the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish and the Chairman of the New Mexico State Game Commission to discuss Mexican wolf recovery issues.

The  USFWS met September 29 with AGFD to discuss matching funds for Livestock Demonstration Grants for depredation compensation and payments for presence.

The USFWS convened a conference call on September 20 with staff from Congressman Pearce’s office to discuss Mexican wolf recovery issues.

On September 27, a symposium entitled “Mexican Wolf Conservation: Two Decades of Reintroduction and the Future of Recovery” was held at The Wildlife Society Annual Conference in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The symposium featured speakers covering a variety of topics from the USFWS, AGFD, USDA-APHIS Wildlife Services, Wolf Haven International, biologists leading the recovery effort in Mexico, and a local rancher.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) indicate wolves younger than 24 months or pups. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. Studbook numbers listed in the monthly update denote wolves with functioning radio collars. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups).  Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

During annual year-end population counts, the IFT documented a minimum of 113 Mexican wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico at the end of 2016.  At the end of September, there were 64 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

Wolves with functioning radio collars are listed by studbook number in the pack updates below.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared M1338 and F1335)

In September, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the SCAR and on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF).  A minimum of three pups were documented with the Bear Wallow Pack in late summer; however this number may change as the IFT continues to document observations of this pack.

Bluestem Pack (collared F1489, f1563, and fp1665)

In September, the Bluestem Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, m1471, f1473, and fp1668)

In September, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF. A female pup, fp1668, was captured, collared and released in September. The pack continued to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of September.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In September, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038)

In September, the Hawks Nest Pack consisted of one collared wolf, AM1038.  AM1038 was located travelling alone in the traditional territory of the Diamond Pack in the northern and central portions of the ASNF.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, f1550, f1663, and mp1666)

In September, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF.  The IFT continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing.  A male pup, mp1666, in the Hoodoo pack was captured, collared and released in September.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In September, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In September, the Panther Creek Pack was located in the east central portion of the ASNF.  Single yearling female 1484 and a minimum of three pups were documented travelling with the pack during the month of September.  The IFT continued to maintain a food cache for this pack to reduce potential for livestock depredations and with the goal of increasing survival of genetically valuable pups that the IFT cross-fostered into the Panther Creek Pack in May.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488)

In September, F1488 and an unknown collared wolf continued to travel together within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  F1488 was captured, re-collared and released in late September.

Saffel Pack (collared AF1567 and mp1661)

In September, the Saffel Pack was located in the north eastern portion of the ASNF, north of the traditional territory of the Hoodoo Pack.  The IFT continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing.

Single collared m1483

Yearling male 1483 was documented travelling alone in the north eastern portion of the ASNF in Arizona during September.

Single collared f1484

Female 1484 was documented travelling with the Panther Creek Pack in the Panther Creek’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF during September.

Single collared f1562

Female 1562 was localized in the north central portion of the ASNF during September and has been documented travelling with an unknown collared wolf.

ON THE FAIR:

Diamond Pack (collared m1559, f1560, m1571, and m1572)

In September, the Diamond Pack was located in their traditional territory on the FAIR and in the north central portion of the ASNF. At the end of September m1571 was documented travelling separate from the pack. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for the Diamond Pack to reduce potential for further wolf-livestock conflict.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343 and AF1283)

In September, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Dark Canyon (collared F1456 and M1354)

During September, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF.

Copper Creek (collared F1444 and M1386)

During September, F1444 and M1386 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, and m1556)

During September, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF).  The IFT continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during September.

Lava Pack (collared F1405 and AM1285)

During September, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south eastern portion of the GNF.  The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During September, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.  The IFT continued to monitor the pack for pup rearing behaviour in September.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158 and AF1487)

During September, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce potential for livestock depredations.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439 and fp1664)

During September, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north western portion of the GNF.  The Mangas Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with pup rearing.  A diversionary food cache established in May to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts was removed by the IFT at the end of September. The Mangas Pack was not involved in any wolf-livestock conflicts during that time period.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, M1398, f1565, and mp1669)

During September, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing in September.  The IFT captured, collared, and released mp1669 of the Prieto Pack during routine collaring efforts in September. A diversionary food cache established in May to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts was removed by the IFT at the end of September.  The Prieto pack was not involved in any wolf-livestock conflicts during that time period.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and mp1582)

During September, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT maintained a supplemental food cache with the goal of increasing survival of the genetically diverse litter of pups.  The IFT captured, collared, and released mp1582 during collaring efforts in September. Male pup 1582 is a wild born pup, not one of the pups cross-fostered this spring.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, F1553, and mp1667)

During September, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of September.  The IFT captured, collared, and released mp1667 of the SBP pack during routine collaring efforts in September. A diversionary food cache established in June to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts was removed at the end of September.  The SBP pack was not involved in any wolf conflicts during that time period.

Single collared AM1155

During September, AM1155 was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single collared M1455

M1455 was not located by the IFT during September.

Single collared m1486

During September, m1486 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared M1552

During September, M1552 travelled throughout central portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF) and eastern portions of the GNF.

Single collared m1569

During September, m1569 travelled throughout central portions of the CNF and eastern portions of the GNF.

MORTALITIES

There were no documented mortalities in September.  From January 1 to September 30, 2017 there have been a total of eight documented wolf mortalities.

INCIDENTS

During the month of September, there were two confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock and no nuisance incidents.  From January 1 to September 30, 2017 there have been a total of 16 confirmed depredation incidents in New Mexico and 15 confirmed depredation incidents in Arizona.

On September 6, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf had been killed by coyotes.

On September 7, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf died from a vehicle strike.

On September 7, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf died of unknown causes.

On September 10, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ.  The investigation determined the calf died of respiratory illness.

On September 20 Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the bull died from a vehicle strike.

On September 17, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ.  The investigation determined the calf died of unknown causes.

On September 18, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ.  The investigation determined the calf died of unknown causes.

On September 22, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ.  The investigation determined the calf had been killed by a wolf.

On September 28, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ.  The investigation determined the calf had been killed by a wolf.

On September 28, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow had been killed by a bear.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On September 9, the IFT assisted with the annual calf branding at the Deadman Ranch in New Mexico.

On September 16, the IFT gave a talk on the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program to a group of students studying habitat ecology from Arizona State University.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

In September, two new personnel joined the field team in temporary volunteer positions with the USFWS.

In September, the White Mountain Apache Tribe field personnel returned to the Interagency Field Team working on the FAIR

  1. Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – October 1-31, 2017

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

The USFWS met with Phil Miller, of Conservation Planning Specialist Group, in the week of October 2 to discuss public and peer review comments on the draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan, Biological Report and appendices.

The Department of Justice submitted the 6-month status report to the court on October 18, in compliance with the Stipulated Settlement Agreement to complete the Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan by the end of November 2017.

Southwest Regional Director Amy Lueders met with the WMAT Tribal Council on October 18 to discuss several USFWS issues, including the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program.

The USFWS convened a conference call with Mexico’s National Commission of Natural Protected Areas (CONANP by its Spanish acronym) to discuss actions and costs necessary to achieve recovery of Mexican wolves in Mexico.

The USFWS met with the AGFD and New Mexico Department of Game and Fish on October 25 to discuss issues regarding the final Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan.

On October 27, 2017, Peter Siminski retired from the Living Desert Zoo and Gardens in Palm Desert, California, and as the Mexican Wolf Species Survival Plan Coordinator and Studbook Keeper.  The USFWS expresses its gratitude for the more than 30 years that Peter Siminski has devoted to the recovery of the Mexican wolf.

Regional Director Lueders convened a conference call on October 30 with the Mexican Wolf Tribal Working Group to discuss Tribal perspectives on Mexican wolf recovery.

On October 31, Regional Director Lueders contacted the leaders of several Tribes and Pueblos directly affected by Mexican wolf recovery in Arizona and New Mexico to discuss concerns, process and communication.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) indicate wolves younger than 24 months or pups. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

During annual year-end population counts, the IFT documented a minimum of 113 Mexican wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico at the end of 2016.  At the end of October, there were 69 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, AF1335, and m1673)

In October, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the SCAR and on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF).  A yearling male, m1673, travelling with the Bear Wallow Pack was captured, collared, and released.  A minimum of three pups were documented; however, minimum pup numbers may change as the IFT continues to document observations of wolf packs.

Bluestem Pack (collared F1489, f1563, and fp1665)

In October, the Bluestem Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  Two pups were documented with the pack in October.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, m1471, f1473, m1477, fp1668, and mp1671)

In October, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF. A male pup, mp1671, and a yearling male, m1477, were captured, collared and released in October. Two pups were documented traveling with the pack in October.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In October, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico.  No pups have been documented travelling with F1443 and m1447.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038)

In October, the Hawks Nest Pack consisted of one collared wolf, AM1038. AM1038 was located travelling alone in the traditional territory of the Diamond Pack in the northern and central portions of the ASNF.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, f1550, f1663, and mp1666)

In October, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF. Hoodoo f1663 dispersed from her natal territory and has localized in the eastern portion of the FAIR and north central portion of the ASNF with Diamond m1571.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In October, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.  AF1291 was observed travelling with another wolf.  No pups have been documented with this pack.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In October, the Panther Creek Pack was located in the east central portion of the ASNF.  Single yearling female, f1484, was documented occasionally travelling with the pack.  The IFT continued to maintain a food cache for this pack to reduce potential for livestock depredations and with the goal of increasing survival of pups that the IFT cross-fostered into the Panther Creek Pack in May.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488)

In October, F1488 was documented travelling within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF with an uncollared male.  The unknown collared wolf that F1488 had been travelling with was not documented in October.

Saffel Pack (collared AF1567 and mp1661)

In October, the Saffel Pack was located in the north eastern portion of the ASNF, north of the traditional territory of the Hoodoo Pack.  Four pups were documented travelling with the Saffel Pack in October.

Single collared m1483

Male 1483 continued to travel alone in the north eastern portion of the ASNF in Arizona during October.

Single collared f1484

Female 1484 was documented travelling alone and occasionally with the Panther Creek Pack in the Panther Creek’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF during October.

Single collared f1562

Female 1562 was localized in the north central portion of the ASNF during October and has been documented travelling with an unknown collared wolf.

Single collared mp1672

A male pup, mp1672, with unknown parentage and affiliation was caught, collared, and released in the north central portion of the ASNF during the month of October.

ON THE FAIR:

Diamond Pack (collared m1559, f1560, m1571, and m1572)

In October, the Diamond Pack was located in their traditional territory on the FAIR and in the north central portion of the ASNF.  Yearling males m1559 and m1572 were documented occasionally dispersing into new areas in the eastern portion of the FAIR. The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for the Diamond Pack to reduce potential for further wolf-livestock conflict.  Yearling male, m1571, made a large dispersal movement north of the ASFS onto the Navajo Nation. At the request of the Navajo Nation, the IFT captured m1571, translocated and released the wolf back within the MWEPA. Following the translocation, m1571 has localized in the eastern portion of the FAIR and north central portion of the ASNF and has paired with Hoodoo f1663.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343 and AF1283)

In October, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Copper Creek (collared F1444 and M1386)

During October, M1386 was documented travelling within the west central portion of the GNF.  F1444 was not located during October due to a collar malfunction, but is believed to still be travelling with M1386.

Dark Canyon (collared F1456 and M1354)

During October, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF).

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During October, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.  The IFT continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during October.  The IFT captured, collared, and released sub-adult wolves m1555, m1556 and f1670.  Sub-adult m1555 had its radio collar slip off after it was collared as a pup in 2016.

Lava Pack (collared F1405 and AM1285)

During October, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south eastern portion of the GNF.  In October, the IFT discontinued the diversionary food cache that had been maintained for the Lava Pack as a result of the pack making larger movements within their territory during the fall.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During October, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158 and AF1487)

During October, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT discontinued the diversionary food cache in October which had been maintained for the Luna Pack to reduce potential for wolf livestock conflict.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and fp1664)

During October, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north western portion of the GNF.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, M1398, and f1565)

During October, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing in October. Male pup 1669, which was collared in early September, had its radio collar slip off in October.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and fp1578)

During October, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT captured, collared and released fp1578, which is one of two pups from the Brookfield Zoo that were placed into the pack’s den during a cross-foster operation this past May in effort to increase genetic diversity of wolves in the wild.  The IFT continued to maintain a supplemental food cache with the goal of increasing survival of the genetically diverse litter of pups.  Male pup 1582, which was collared by the IFT in September, had its radio collar slip off in October.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, F1553, and mp1667)

During October, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of October.

Single collared AM1155

During October, AM1155 was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single collared M1455

M1455 was not located by the IFT during October.

Single collared m1486

During October, m1486 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared M1552

During October, M1552 travelled throughout central portion of the CNF and eastern portion of the GNF.

Single collared m1569

During October, m1569 travelled throughout central portion of the CNF and eastern portion of the GNF.

MORTALITIES

There were no documented wolf mortalities during the month of October.  From January 1 to October 31, there have been a total of eight documented wolf mortalities in 2017.

INCIDENTS

During the month of October, there were no confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock and there were no nuisance incidents.  From January 1 to October 31, 2017 there have been a total of 16 confirmed depredation incidents in New Mexico and 15 confirmed depredation incidents in Arizona.

On October 16, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf died of unknown causes.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

There were no communication and coordination updates for the month of October.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

There were no personnel updates for the project in October.

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at(505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

Other News

National

Nothing to report

Next Door

Nothing to report

International

From ForceChange (TakeAction@ForceChange.com)

  1. India: Justice for Baby Elephant Burned Alive

The back legs of a baby elephant were consumed in fire as she desperately ran to her mother, screaming in pain and fear. This was the scene captured by a photographer in India who witnessed an angry mob attacking a mother and child elephant with flaming tar balls and firecrackers. Demand authorities take immediate action to protect elephants from attacks: https://forcechange.com/412955/justice-for-baby-elephant-burned-alive/

From Change.org (Salty Dog via Change.org (change@mail.change.org))

  1. USA: Trump to allow imports of African elephant trophies

Elephants are on the list of threatened species; the global community has rallied to stem the ivory trade; and now, the U.S. government, on Ryan Zinke’s urging and Trump’s decision, is giving American trophy hunters the green light to kill them.

Original article by Timothy Cama – 11/15/17 08:48 PM EST: http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/360614-trump-to-allow-imports-of-african-elephant-trophies

The Trump administration is reversing an Obama administration ban on bringing to the United States the heads of elephants killed in two African countries.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) said it has determined that hunting African elephants in Zimbabwe and Zambia “will enhance the survival of the species in the wild,” which is the standard by which officials judge whether to allow imports of parts — known as trophies — of the animals.

“Legal, well-regulated sport hunting as part of a sound management program can benefit the conservation of certain species by providing incentives to local communities to conserve the species and by putting much-needed revenue back into conservation,” an FWS spokesman said in a statement late Wednesday after hunting group Safari Club International announced the policy.

Imports will be allowed for elephants killed between Jan. 21 and the end of 2018.

The decision, cheered by some hunting and gun rights groups, is a reversal of the policy under the Obama administration. The United States and international authorities say the African elephant is a threatened species, and the Obama administration argued that allowing trophy imports would harm the animals by encouraging killing them.

The reversal is part of a wide-ranging effort by Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke, whose department includes the FWS, to promote hunting.

“Some of my best memories are hunting and fishing with my dad and granddad, and then later teaching my own kids to hunt and fish. That’s something I want more families to experience,” Zinke said in a September statement in which he announced that the arcade game Big Buck Hunter would be temporarily installed in the department’s headquarters.

The National Rifle Association’s lobbying arm praised the elephant trophy decision.

“By lifting the import ban on elephant trophies in Zimbabwe and Zambia the Trump Administration underscored, once again, the importance of sound scientific wildlife management and regulated hunting to the survival and enhancement of game species in this country and worldwide,” Chris Cox, executive director of the group’s Institute for Legislative Action, said in a statement.

Animal rights groups slammed the Trump administration.

“Let’s be clear: elephants are on the list of threatened species; the global community has rallied to stem the ivory trade; and now, the U.S. government is giving American trophy hunters the green light to kill them,” Wayne Pacelle, president of the Humane Society of the United States, wrote in a blog post.

“What kind of message does it send to say to the world that poor Africans who are struggling to survive cannot kill elephants in order to use or sell their parts to make a living, but that it’s just fine for rich Americans to slay the beasts for their tusks to keep as trophies?” he continued.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

A Way to Protect Wolves and Coyotes

by Rick Lamplugh, author and wildlife advocate

Far too often, people charged with illegally killing a wolf claim they thought they were shooting a coyote. The hunter who recently shot and killed a wolf in Oregon made such a questionable claim. So did the man who shot the first wolf to reach the Grand Canyon. Often the dead wolf was protected under state or federal laws. Such illegal killing happens in shocking numbers according to a commentary by scientists published in the international journal Biodiversity and Conservation.

In “When Shooting a Coyote Kills a Wolf: Mistaken Identity or Misguided Management?”, Thomas Newsome, Jeremy Bruskotter, and William Ripple present these statistics:

  1. Of the 711 radio-collared grey wolves that died in the western U.S. between 1982 and 2004, 12% were killed illegally.
  2. Of all the red wolves that have died to date, 25% of them fell to illegal shooting.
  3. For Mexican wolves, illegal killing accounts for about 55% of all deaths from 1998 to 2013.

These are just the deaths that researchers know about. The count does not include the number of wolves killed secretly by those who believe in “shoot, shovel, and shut up.”

Whatever the total number, the authors state that illegal killing of wolves represents a substantial failure in wolf management, because to meet the objective of the Endangered Species Act wolves need to recolonize significant portions of their former range. And—after decades of trying—grey wolves still occupy only about 15% of their historic range in the lower 48. Worse yet, “…Mexican wolves and red wolves are among the rarest terrestrial mammals in the world.”

The authors believe that new management strategies are required to help wolf populations recover. They suggest that one way to reduce illegal wolf killing is “the banning of coyote hunting at least during the ungulate hunting season to prevent cases of mistaken identity, especially where wolves are at low densities, or recolonizing new areas.” (This was the scenario in Oregon: the hunter was after elk in a state where wolf numbers are low.)

The authors report this approach worked in the 1980s when Wisconsin implemented a coyote hunting ban during deer hunting season to eliminate wolf killing due to mistake identity. After that ban, wolves had unprecedented population growth.

Banning coyote killing won’t be easy. Some people see coyotes as vermin to be destroyed without remorse. Others feel strongly that coyote hunting and derbies help reduce livestock losses.

But banning coyote killing makes sense. The authors point to research that shows “coyote populations are far too resilient to be affected by most periodic control eradication programs, let alone from derbies or recreational hunting.”

Though coyotes are resilient, wolves aren’t. The scientists write that humans killing wolves “is a critical risk factor that requires management, especially when individuals move into new territories unoccupied by other wolves.”

Wolves—especially—dispersing wolves need all the protection we can provide. Banning coyote hunting during deer and elk hunting season would be good for wolves and coyotes.

Indie author Rick Lamplugh writes to protect wildlife and preserve wildlands. His new book, Deep into Yellowstone: A Year’s Immersion in Grandeur and Controversy, is available signed from Rick at http://bit.ly/2tIEt62, or unsigned on Amazon: http://amzn.to/2tgPU3E. His best seller, In the Temple of Wolves, is available signed at http://bit.ly/1gYghB4, or unsigned on Amazon at http://amzn.to/Jpea9Q.

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 144

Wolf and His Assassins

by Taren (Werewolf Mage)

Flash of black across the plain,
Repeating into the distance.
Loping canine, fangs of white,

Over paths of wooded stretches.
Woven forward as the reeds of baskets,
Step after step, paw prints in the new earth.
The call of wind in his ears.

He hears the cry of the torn-up earth,
He scents the blood of dying stars,
The wail of the mournful wind,
The scream of nature’s scars.

But he cannot stop this madness,
Nor can he prevent it.
For if the wolf stresses concern,
He lies dead upon the bleeding grass.

And if you ask the frequent question
Of this forgotten lore,
Who these dreaded killers are,
World and wolf shall scream their answer.

And ever after wail it to the moon,
For the demons of this deed
Are close at hand.

And every fallen tree and howling wolf proclaims,

The killers are staring at this tale this very moment!

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

If nothing bad has happened for a long time you can bet that Murphy is sitting just around the corner, waiting for the right moment to strike. That moment came when our gardeners decided to clean out the weeds from between the pavement bricks in front of the house. And since it is almost impossible to do that without also removing at least part of the soil stuck in there together with the weeds you will end up with small gaps between the pavement bricks. Well, I have to admit that it looks quite neat and tidy, but it is also sort of a trap for the claws of four-legged family members.

In the afternoon of that specific Sunday the furry kids heard something going on in the street, jumped up from their afternoon nap and stormed out into the front yard to investigate. Five minutes later they came back inside with Taima limping on three legs, holding her right front leg up in the air and looking rather unhappy. I wanted to check out what had happened, but she did not allow me to touch her leg or paw so that I could only have a look from a distance and search for blood or a swelling, but there was nothing. First I was relieved that she did not have any apparent injury, thinking she might just have strained a muscle when jumping up and running outside so quickly, but Ted and I quickly discovered that she was in pain, not able to sit or lie down without whimpering. I thought of giving her an anti-inflammatory/painkiller but she refused any food in which I could have concealed it. Just when Ted and I were thinking about taking her to the emergency vet she managed to lie down on her side and started licking her paw – o.k., it was obviously not the leg but the paw, I thought. I suspected a broken claw but that’s usually easy to detect because it will either protrude up or to the side or be bleeding, but all her claws looked perfectly in place. Maybe she had stepped on a thorn that got stuck in her paw? But then she would not just lick the paw but nibble and try to pull it out. When she had calmed down a bit and found a position to rest without her paw hurting too much I started to give her some Reiki (that’s what Reiki masters usually do), not touching her paw but working above it. In the first moment she wanted to back off but then decided to let me go on and enjoy the “nice warm feeling”. After that she fell asleep.

When she woke up she was still walking on three legs, but looked a bit more comfortable. I gave her a second round of Reiki, after which she fell asleep again. Shortly before we went to bed she got up and even managed the three steps of the front stop into the garden for her last small business, limped back inside, made herself comfortable on her sleeping place and allowed me to give her a third treatment. Although I slept with one eye and ear open she seemed to be relaxed and fast asleep throughout the night. When Ted and I woke up the next morning she jumped onto the bed, smiling from one ear to the other, handing out kisses to both of us, declaring herself fine once more. For the first few hours she was still limping a bit, but walking on all four, and a while later we watched her playing chasing games with Kajack and Ascar as though nothing ever had happened the day before. Apparently she got stuck with the two middle claws in one of the gaps between the pavement bricks and overstretched the two “fingers”, maybe even pulling them out of their sockets for a moment and pinching a nerve when they slipped back in.

Although I love to see my garden neat and tidy I have to admit that I will much rather live with “green seams” between the pavement bricks than see one of our pack getting hurt. And although I’m sure it was just a freak accident that might never happen again, I have instructed our gardeners not to clean there again but leave it to me to come up with a better (and safer) plan.

Will be continued…

Volume 12, Issue 156, October 2017

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 12, Issue 156, October 2017

From the Editor’s Desk

Here we go again: Hysterical politicians versus nature treasures and a few reasonable people with brains who put up the last stand. The only difference between the news in this newsletter and those in many, many previous ones is that the American hysteria seems to have found copycats in Germany, interestingly in a region that is likewise orientated to the right of the political spectrum. #So sad…

We thought it sensible to include here a more unbiased look at the situation, which re-immigrant wolves find themselves in in Germany to enable people to form their own opinion based on information rather than on emotion and propaganda.

Also included is a Russian wolf tale, and Erin is back with a brief report on what her pack is up to these days.

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

Say Yes to New Adventures!

International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs here.

Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center

Wake Up With Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center’s popular nocturnal adventure experience, gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 25 wolves that call the center home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!

Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and Registration here.

News from the Wolf Front

National

Nothing to report

International

1. Germany: Petiton update: Pumpak the Wolf must continue to live (translated here from German)

Are more than 122.000 signatures still not enough to be taken seriously?

That’s politicians for you: Actually we wanted to hand our successful petition against the shooting of Pumpak (so far more than 122.000 signatures) and against the shooting of the Rosenthal pack (almost 40.000 signatures) – to the people in charge still before the general elections www.change.org/woelfe, but the politicians did not allow that.

While the advisor to Saxony’s minister for Environmental Affairs and Agriculture, Schmidt, responded to our application for an appointment to hand in the petition stating that it was not common practice in Saxony to hand over petitions to ministers directly, the district administrator of Bautzen, Michael Harig (CDU) defends in his written response the planned shooting of the Rosenthal pack by saying that the provisions taken into consideration by the district are not an act of stately arbitrariness but represent an act of the law.

Is that democracy? Are these politicians really so afraid of so many people taking a stand against the shooting of Pumpak and the Rosenthal pack? We have to act against so much arbitrariness! This is ignorance and unacceptable.

We have to go against this! Keep supporting us and protest by e-mails and phone calls to Mr. Harig

Phone: 03591 5251-80000; Fax: 03591 5250-80000
landrat@lra-bautzen.de

And to the advisor of Saxony’s state minister Schmidt

Ronny.Zienert@smul.sachsen.de

  1. Germany: Escapee Wolves in Bavaria must not be shot

During the night of Friday (06.10.17) to Saturday, some wolves escaped from the Falkenstein National Park in Bavaria. One has already been killed by a car, and another has been shot dead.

We will not accept that the wolves that escaped from the National Park Center Falkenstein in Bavaria’s Ludwigsthal (district Regen) are shot.

According to a press release of the National Park management, a door to the enclosure was broken open, and a number of wolves found their way out. It can only be speculated who has and why this door was broken open.

We of the Wolfschutz Deutschland [Wolf Conservation Germany] within the registered organisation Pro Naturschutz Sachsen (Pro Nature Conservation Saxony) (Grüne Liga Sachsen; Green League Saxony) object to plans of shooting the escaped wolves and demand an end to the hysterical and heartless treatment of the wolf.

15 years ago, the she-wolf Bärbel escaped from the Klingenthal Animal Park. Our chairman, Wolfgang Riether, fought for her life while she roamed through a number of federal states. He submitted several appeals for clemency. Contrary to the claims by officials of the large nature conservation groups, Bärbel was able to hunt and survive on her own. When it was eventually decided that she could live in freedom she was shot dead by a hunter from Lower Saxony.

You can read Bärbel’s story here: http://www.gepardenland.de/Wolf/Baerbel.htm

The claims made in a press release by the National Park Centre, stating the wolves would not be able to survive on their own and must therefore be shot is as absurd as calling these wolves “ticking time bombs”, as was done today by a Bavarian radio station.

We demand that the wolves, if they cannot be captured, are allowed live in freedom. Where else, if not in a national park, will be enough space for these predators. In the same way Bärbel managed to survive these wolves will also learn to take care of themselves. Our member Beatrice Rüger has initiated a petition for the Bavarian escapee wolves. You can sign it here: https://www.change.org/p/tötet-nicht-die-entlaufenen-wölfe-jede-minute-zählt. Please do so and share the address further.

  1. Germany: Escapee Wolves in Bavaria: Second wolf shot dead!

We have just learned that another wolf was shot dead! We are busy preparing for the hand-over of our petition. Please protest again via phone calls and e-mails to the persons in charge.

Dr. Franz Leibl, head of the National Park management:

Phone: +49 8552 9600135; Fax:+49 8552 9600100; E-mail: franz.leibl@npv-bw.bayern.de

 

  1. Germany: Appeal for clemency for the escapee wolves to Bavaria’s Prime Minister, Horst Seehofer

Until we will have received an appointment to hand over our petition eventually, we have sent an open letter to prime minister Horst Seehofer and asked for clemency for those wolves that are still alive. To lend it more weight, it would be great if many more people signed our petition. We keep on fighting for the wolves, but we need your support!

From Protect the Wolves (http://www.protectthewolves.com)

  1. USA: Montana Slaughters another possible Park Wolf

Montana has slaughtered another possible Yellowstone Wolf in Unit 316. 18 possible Park Wolves have lost their lives in Wyoming, and 19 more in the rest of Wyoming as of today.

Hunters are camped tight against the boundary line in Montana, Wyoming and Idaho. Some trophy zones have Yellowstone Park at both its north and south boundaries. Then take a look at the rest of the state…not one trophy unit in it. It is all designated along Yellowstone and Teton’s border. This speaks volumes of the intent to take as many park wolves as they can. Are you ready to allow that to happen? There is a way to stop this. Take your power back that these states have stripped you of and let’s get these beloved wolves back to protection & safety. Now is the time to do it. Now is why the wolves desperately need you.

Policy States that Federal Resources are protected as well. Park Policy states that “OUR” sacred resources be protected. Wolves are considered one of our sacred resources. Federal Policy also states our resources are protected not only on but off Reservations

How many more Yellowstone Wolves will need to needlessly die before you say “no more!” Let’s get this done…Now! Our Sacred Resource Protection Zone helping keep park wolves safe is beyond needed. We asked for your support in May when we began to petition states surrounding the national parks. Wolves are now crying out for your help by needlessly being slaughtered now

Help us help park wolves here: https://continuetogive.com/protectthewolves

With your support, we can be successful in putting an End to this Needless Slaughter!! Thank you for Joining The Howl that will be heard around the world!

Remember: All of our staff including directors are volunteers; we do not pay $ 400,000 per year in director’s or staff salaries…

http://protectthewolves.com/montana-slaughters-another-pos…/ 

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Meet Mexican Gray Wolf Pup Max!
    So many wonderful things are happening at the Wolf Conservation Center and we are excited to share a little news with you all. We are so lucky and grateful to have a wonderful supporter and volunteer named Max Toscano (featured below with Ambassador wolf Atka in 2014). The teen from Darien, Connecticut has a passion for wolves that is unparalleled. Max has been a part of the WCC family since he was 12 years old!

While our three little Mexican gray wolf pups were recently assigned their alphanumeric “names,” two of them have yet to receive proper names. It seemed only natural that one of them would be named after Max. We introduce to you, little Max, one of our three feisty pups named in his honour!
Learn more about Max and her critically endangered kin here.

  1. USA: A Special Milestone for Red Wolves

Thirty years ago this month, a new chapter in wildlife conservation began with a wild homecoming unlike anything seen before. The first captive-bred red wolves were released to the wild!
The red wolf reintroduction was among the first instances of a species, considered extinct in the wild, being re-established from a captive population. In many ways, the red wolf program was the pilot program, serving as a model for subsequent canid reintroductions, particularly those of the Mexican gray wolf to the American Southwest and the gray wolf to the Yellowstone region.
In recognition of the anniversary, the Wolf Conservation Center will celebrate the red wolf with interesting red wolf facts, ways to take action, special events, giveaways and more! Follow the WCC on Facebook to take part!

  1. USA: Meet Mexican Gray Wolf Pup Jean

Jean is one of the three critically endangered Mexican gray wolf pups born on May 22, 2017. Beyond being cute, this little kiddo represents the Wolf Conservation Center‘s active participation in an effort to save a species on the brink of extinction.
While our three little wolf pups were assigned their alphanumeric “names” last month, the sisters deserve proper names too! First, you met Nita. Max was next. Now we are happy to introduce you to Jean!
We are so lucky and grateful to have so many wonderful friends and supporters. Jean Ossorio has been a vital member of the WCC pack some time. For those who have met Jean, it’s no secret that she is committed to Mexican gray wolf recovery. Not only has Jean been a tireless advocate for the protection and preservation of the lobo for decades, she has spent more time than anyone camping in Mexican wolf country, hoping for a glimpse, sound, or other sign of these rare and elusive animals.
Jean is courage, compassion, brilliance, and grit in action; and her love for lobos goes unparalleled. It seems only natural that one of our three spirited Mexican gray wolf pups should be named after her.
So throw back your head and let out a long celebratory howl for little Jean!

From Endangered Species Coalition (action@endangered.org)

  1. USA: Wolves and public lands at risk

This week, Congress will vote on a disastrous bill that would kick Great Lakes wolves off of the endangered species list and allow states like Wisconsin to begin wolf hunting and trapping seasons immediately.

Fight attacks on the Endangered Species Act with a donation today.

This bill – the Sportsmen’s Act – is one of more than two dozen bills in this Congress that take aim at the Endangered Species Act. Wolves are the most immediate victims of this senseless legislation, but they are not the only species that will suffer. By redefining “hunting” to include trapping, it forces lands managers to permit the use of traps and snares on Bureau of Land Management and Forest Service lands that are now closed to this outdated and cruel practice. Wolverines, lynx, even bald eagles are just three of the species put at risk by traps and snares that would be allowed on millions more acres of public lands.

Also included in the Sportsmen’s Act is a provision that would block efforts to phase out lead fishing equipment and ammunition in national parks and on other public lands. This action alone will sentence millions of birds annually to slow and painful death by lead poisoning. And this is just one bill of dozens that this Congress is considering.

Help stop Congress from abandoning wolves and gutting the Endangered Species Act with a 100% tax-deductible donation today.

The Endangered Species Act has helped recover vanishing species for nearly half a century, but this Congress intends to bring it to an end. The Endangered Species Coalition is fighting the Sportsmen’s Act and dozens of others like it with every resource we have. Please make a secure and tax-deductible donation today to help keep wolves protected and stop the Endangered Species Act from going extinct in this Congress:

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

Other News

From Change.org (change@mail.change.org) (translated here from German)

  1. USA: Petition update: Boycott Under Armour for Promoting the Slaughter of Wildlife! Under Armour-Ad encouraging Kids to Kill Animals!

Under Armour’s Back-To-School Ad: “Back to school season isn’t so bad when you have this to look forward to”.
This Ad targets the US market specifically. And it is designed to help ensure that the new generation follows in the footsteps of the older one, killing wild animals for sport.
“The greatness of a nation can be judged by the way its animals are treated.”
– Ghandi

National

From SanWild Wildlife Trust (lizel@sanwild.org)

Water crisis at SanWild

We have been faced with a severe and on-going drought since May 2015 and during the last two years we have put up a brave battle with the help of so many wonderful people to fight the odds stacked against our animals to ensure that they are provided with enough food and water to survive the drought.

This year we could fortunately plan ahead and it has not been necessary for us to spend the same amount of money on providing drought relief food as the previous financial year.  Grazing has been okay right up to August and we only resumed providing drought relief in September.  For now we are okay as far as food is concerned and we trust that the rains will come early this year.

Unfortunately we are now faced with yet another crisis after not just one but two of our existing boreholes have dried up.  For the past three months we anticipated that it may happen as the water levels dropped.  We continued to lower pumps, but now the water supply has reduced to a couple of litres per day and we can no longer pump water from the two boreholes which means we urgently need to make other plans to continue to provide water to the SanWild animals.

It is a known fact that underground water levels can take as long as 3-4 years to fully recover after prolonged droughts so even if the rains do come early; it will not solve our problems straight away and we will have to make alternative plans to provide water.

Fortunately we still do have one strong borehole, but this one is situated on the one end of the reserve and it is necessary to lay down a pipeline to get water to the watering points that were fed from the two boreholes that dried up.

Unfortunately we are always stretched for cash and have not been able to build up a savings to accommodate unexpected crisis.  When disaster strikes; we and the animals we care for are left at the mercy of kind-hearted animal loving people.

To save costs and not to waste any money drilling for water where there may not be any, we have ordered PVC plastic piping and already have a hired backackter on site to dig a trench for the pipeline to be put down.  The pipes and machine hire will cost us in the region of approximately Seven thousand five hundred US dollars ($7500) and we need your help to urgently raise this amount.

The pipes will be ready for delivery by the end of this week, but delivery will not happen until we have the funding to pay for the pipes.

Please do consider our animals’ welfare and make a donation if you can. We will be extremely grateful for your support.

For your convenience you can either donate with PayPal or by means of an EFT.

Please note that SanWild is a registered non-profit and public benefit organization and therefore all donations made to us are fully tax-deductible.

The SanWild Wildlife Trust would like to thank you for your financial support as well as sharing our appeals with family and friends. We really do appreciate this greatly.

Next Door

Nothing to report

International

Nothing to report

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Wolves in Germany: Germans divided over the return of the wolf

Wolves have been making a comeback, with a few dozen packs already roaming Germany’s forests. But the return of a predator feared since ancient times has the human population fiercely divided.

Holger Benning visits his flocks of sheep at least once a day. He checks the electric fences are working and brings food for his 17 guard dogs. Both are there to protect his livestock from wolves.

The predators returned to Lüneburg Heath in Lower Saxony, between Hannover and Hamburg, 10 years ago.

“Wolves do kill sheep, goats or other farm animals around here from time to time,” Benning tells DW. But he’s convinced that with the right precautions, the risk “is very small.”

So far, Benning hasn’t lost a single sheep.

But not everyone has been so lucky. Wolves have killed more than 600 farm animals in the region – mainly sheep, but also cows and farm deer.

Making a comeback

Wild wolves were eradicated from Germany at the end of the 19th century. But in the late 20th century, conservation efforts saw populations in neighboring Poland expand, and gradually move west in search of new territory.

By 2000 they had crossed the border and the first wild wolf pups for more than a century were born in Germany. From the eastern states of Saxony and Brandenburg, they pushed on into other parts of the country’s north, and even the outskirts of Berlin.

By the end of 2016, at least 47 packs and 21 pairs were officially documented in Germany’s woodlands, about 130 adult wolves in total, according to the German wolf documentation and consultation office (DBBW): https://www.dbb-wolf.de/Wolfsvorkommen/territorien/karte-der-territorien

Lüneburg Heath has nine packs, comprising around 80 animals, including pups.

“A few years ago, they said the likelihood of encountering a wolf was like winning the lottery,” Benning says. “That means I have already won the lottery five times.”

And even when the wolves themselves stay hidden, the shepherd often finds their traces – tracks and scat – around his sheep pastures. “They are definitely around,” he says.

Good neighbours?

Nature lovers and conservation societies like the German Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union (NABU) are thrilled Germany’s wolves have bounced back from extinction.

“It is one of the biggest successes from a nature conservation point of view,” according to NABU.

Yet even NABU admits their return is controversial.

“Wolves belong here and I think it is a good thing that they are back,” says NABU’s Peter Schütte. “But I know that it can cause problems in such densely populated areas like we have in Germany.”

Schütte heads a NABU project to help farmers protect their herds, for example by erecting fences: http://www.herdenschutz-niedersachsen.de/

“There are solutions to make coexistence between humans and wolves possible,” he says.

However, dogs and fences mean extra work for the farmers – and cost money.

Public support is available to help farmers protect their livestock, as is compensation when a farm animal is killed by wolves. But Benning says he is still out of pocket.

“I have to put up with an income loss of 20,000 Euros ($22,800) each year,” he says. “I cannot make my lamb more expensive or the customers will go to the next supermarket and buy New Zealand lamb which is already cheaper than what we can produce.”

‘It’s getting out of hand’

Wolves are strictly protected under German law. But there are plenty of people in Lüneburg Heath who think it’s time to start shooting them.

Sonja Christiansen, a horse breeder, says culling wolves when they become too numerous should be permitted.

“I think it is too dangerous to have wolves around,” she says. “It’s getting out of hand. It started with two wolves, now nobody even knows exactly how many we have.”

Christiansen is afraid the wolves could kill her foals or stud – or just frighten the animals so they bolt and hurt themselves.

“Wolves do not fit into our civilization any longer,” she said, adding that her fear of wolves means she no longer enjoys walking in the countryside.

Sheds instead of pasture

Cattle farmer Hendrik Meine also believes hunters should be allowed to keep wolf numbers down.

“There is nothing to be said against a few wolves in the area,” he told DW, “but not in huge numbers. We are too densely populated for that.”

Meine says he knows of cattle farmers whose calves, and even adult animals, have been killed by wolves, and now keep the animals inside.

“Keeping animals outside on pastures won’t be possible in the future if wolves continue to thrive in this area,” Meine says.

With NABU’s support, Meine is about to erect a 1.5-meter wolf-proof electric fence around his pasture. “I just hope that this will help,” he says.

Population divided

To protect the wolves or kill them? It’s a question that divides the region, and has even become a hot topic in regional election campaigns.

Some people now light warning fires whenever they spot a wolf to raise awareness of what they see as a lurking danger.

NABU’s Schütte says historic fears mean people can be irrational about wolves.

“In the Middle Ages, wolves were a danger for our ancestors who owned maybe only one cow or one goat,” he explains. “When that animal got killed, a family lost their livelihood. It’s not like that anymore today. But the idea that this is a big dangerous predator still remains.”

Here to stay

Hannelore Martin is a horse breeder and head of NABU’s “horse and wolf” research team. She says she also worried for her horses when she first heard that wolves were back. But she did a bit of research and realized how rare it is for wolves to kill foals.

Now, she’s committed to “reducing the hysteria.”

Shooting wolves, Martin says, wouldn’t help anyway: “New ones would just come in from Eastern Europe. This migration is a permanent process.”

And killing off individual wolves could actually make the rest of a pack more dangerous by disrupting their natural hunting patterns.

“It could screw up the animals’ social structure,” Martin says.

Martin and Schütte believe the better the human population is informed about their lupine neighbors, the better the chances of peaceful coexistence.

Because even as debate over wolves’ place in Lüneburg Heath rages, the wolves seem to have made up their own minds: They’re here to stay.

Original article: http://www.dw.com/en/germans-divided-over-return-of-the-wolves/a-39538431

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 143

A Russian Wolf Fable

Ankakumikaityn, the Nomad Wolf – A Siberian Tale

One summer, the fox heard that Ankakumikaityn, the nomad wolf, was courting his neighbour, the elder she-dog. So the wily fox made himself an outfit of wolf’s clothing: a grey fur cloak, boots and cap. Then, when the she-dog’s brothers were away and she was at home with her younger sister, he called upon her.

“I have two herds of fat reindeer,” said the fox to the elder sister, as he sipped the bilberry tea she offered him. “I have come to seek your hand.”

Thinking that this was, indeed, Ankakumikaityn the nomad wolf, the she-dog treated him to reindeer meat, hot mare’s-blood sausages, raw walrus liver and pickled fish, the very choicest pieces. All the while, the fox sat in his cap, unwilling to take it off lest he be recognized.

“Being a wealthy person,” he explained, “I keep my cap on that people might respect me. “All of a sudden, the sound of dogs barking could be heard from afar. “It is my brothers returning from hunting,” the she-dog said. “Oh dear,” exclaimed the fox, “they will likely scare my herds. I must run to caution them.”

Once away from the tent, the fox quickly dashed up the nearby hill and loosened some rocks. When the dog brothers came in sight, he pushed the boulders down the hillside and crushed them all. Thereupon, he returned to the tent and finished his tea, charming the sisters with his oily-tongued tales. As dusk fell and the sisters were busy about their housework, he made off with all their food supplies.

Early next morning, the sisters became most alarmed on discovering their supplies gone and their brothers still absent. As they searched the valley and found their poor brothers dead, they wept in despair.

“Who could have done us such harm?” they wailed. In their sorrow, they decided to go to Ankakumikaityn to seek his counsel. The nomad wolf was puzzled. “But I never came to you yesterday!” he exclaimed.

It was not long before the sisters realized they had been tricked by the fox. With the wolf’s help, they worked out a plan to get their revenge.

Next day, the fox, unaware that he had been discovered called on the sisters again dressed as Ankakumikaityn. But this time they were expecting him. While the fox drank bilberry tea and exchanged pleasantries, the nomad wolf stealthily entered the tent, grabbed the treacherous fox and tied him up.

“What shall we do with the scoundrel?” asked the wolf. “Let’s put him in a sack and leave him in the tundra,” suggested the two sisters. That they did. The poor fox almost fainted from fright, wondering what his fate would be. At last, he was set down with a bump; the younger sister collected a heap of dry grass and brushwood for a fire, piled it round the sack, surrounded the tinder with stones and then lit the fire. Poor fox. He at last burst out of the burning sack, his wolf’s clothing aflame, and rushed headlong over the tundra like a burning torch. Satisfied at their revenge, the dog sisters and the wolf returned to the tent.

Ankakumikaityn wed the elder sister, and the younger dog looked after their children. Some time later, she found herself a husband too. Since that time red foxes began to appear in the tundra. So it seems that wily old fox, scorched and fiery red, managed to survive his roasting after all.

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

Nothing much has happened lately. Summer is on its way, the days are nice and warm and the nights are also much warmer now. The only problem we have in the moment is that our three have rediscovered their taste for pigeons. Every now and then the birds find their way into the greenhouse; I guess they just walk in through the gaps between the wooden planks of the door or through the greenhouse foil flaps and then cannot find their way back out. The kids then hear them flying around inside and because they cannot squeeze through the gate they have managed to pull the surrounding fence up and slip in under it. Then will they chase the poor bird around until it gets so tired that it has to take a break on one of the plant benches, and that’s when they will get it. In the very few cases when Ted or I heard what was going on, we stepped in and opened the flaps and gate for the bird to escape, but in most instances we will only realize what has happened when we find lots of feathers on the lawn. We have tried to fix the fence to stop them from killing the poor birds, but when we have closed one gap we will typically find a new one a day or two later. This reminds me of the time when Kia had that thing about plastic flowerpots and broke into the greenhouse again and again to get to them. Even after I had removed all pots and placed them in some other place she didn’t stop, until Ted built the wooden door and put a fence around the whole greenhouse. This time it’s not the pots but the pigeons, but the problem is the same – how do you secure the greenhouse properly to keep both, the birds and the furry kids out? Besides of the fact that we don’t like them killing the birds (they get enough food and could happily live without supplementing it with feathery creatures), chasing their prey around inside the house also causes a lot of damage to the plants in there. Focused on getting to the bird they don’t care how many plants will fall off the benches and have to be repotted by me after the chase is over. Well, I guess we have to come up with a plan (once more). Otherwise everything is hunky-dory.

Will be continued…

Volume 12, Issue 155, September 2017

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 12, Issue 155, September 2017

From the Editor’s Desk

Winter on the Highveld ended with a bang just as it did when it began. One day it was a lousy 13 Celsius with an icy wind, and a mere three days later it was 31 with a sandstorm of note. I definitely preferred the latter, though.

This month’s news section is, like always I’m afraid, dominated by scandalous politics, this time not only in the US, but also in parts of Germany and in Switzerland. Read the snippets for yourself to stay informed.

That managing wolves requires managing cattle is a fact illuminated by Rick Lamplugh, and we are grateful for his permission to reprint his insights here. By the way, his books are absolutely worth reading, too!

We have a poem this time that can only be characterized as being ”black and bleak”. Unfortunately, that’s the way it is with humans.

Erin had nothing new to report, but will surely be back when there is.

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

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Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and Registration here.

News from the Wolf Front

National

Nothing to report

International

From Change.org (change@mail.change.org) (translated here from German)

Germany: Petition update: Saxony again – Please fight for the Rosenthal Pack

Dear supporters,

Unfortunately, I have more bad news from Saxony. The District Administrator of Bautzen, Michael Harig, has again launched an application for the shooting of the Rosenthal pack. Quoting Harig: “I have ordered the department in charge to prepare an appropriate exception permit.”

Read the full article here.

The reason for that is that, like last year, sheep have been apparently killed in Cunnewitz. Last year Harig’s application was rejected, because we took photos of the fences that proved that the sheep had not been properly protected. Today the same shepherd claims that his sheep were being killed and the same District Administrator again demands the shooting of the entire wolf pack.

Read the full report and please sign the petition here.

  1. USA: Oregon: Petition update: Prominent Scientists Call America’s Wolf Slaughter Unjustified and Unethical

EUGENE, OR – A new documentary by the wildlife advocacy group Predator Defense has people across the country fuming at an irresponsible rancher in Washington State who set up a pack of wolves living on public land in a remote forest to attack his cattle. People are also outraged at how state wildlife officials and major conservation organizations were party to the killing of the wolf pack…

Read the full update here.

3. Germany: Petition update: The Madness in Lower Saxony (translated here from German)

I previously reported that the so-called wolf conservationist and hunter Wotschikowsky compared the Cuxhaven wolf pack with the holocaust and, using Nazi diction – he sees the “final solution” for the animals there within the given possibilities.

Based on that I have received some letters, some not as friendly as others, some insulting, claiming that Wotschikowsky never wrote this. The truth is that he has deleted the term from his blog shortly after my update here. Although he views us as a useless organisation (see his earlier blog entry), he reacted promptly. His Nazi speech had been online since 9 August, but nobody cared; strange, isn’t it?

Of course, we took a screen shot of his blog entry before he could delete it, so you can read it for yourself here: www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de.

But it’s not just the Nazi language: Wotschikowsky takes into consideration killing a whole wolf pack, although there is still no proof that wolves have been responsible for the cattle-killing in Cuxhaven. He did behave in the very same manner last year when the young wolf Kurti was killed – guilty until proven otherwise; he doesn’t need any evidence.

Not a word about the condition of the fences in the Cuxhaven District.

Here is a list of predation instances; almost all incidents are still unresolved: https://www.wolfsmonitoring.com/monitoring/nutztierrisse/ 

And there is another case: the Celle newspaper published a report claiming that 20 German Heath Sheep have apparently been killed by wolves. Here it’s also uncertain whether this was done by wolves. DNA samples taken have not yet been analyzed, but the owner of the animals, Tewes, and the wolf consultant, who is also a hunter, are already sure about it.

The sheep farmer runs an organic farm – shouldn’t one expect an entirely different attitude towards nature from such people?

The Celle newspaper reports that the German Heath Sheep breeders have filed an application to have the wolf removed, and Tewes also points out that there would be a pack of 13 wolves living there.

Killing without real evidence? Please read about the case Kurti here: www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de 

Last but not least I want to ask you for your support: our organisation, Verein Wolfsschutz Deutschland in Pro Nature Conservation Saxony, does not receive government funding. We depend on donations, and there is a good chance that we will have to take two incidences to court, regarding the pack in Cuxhaven and the one in Schmarbeck.

Here are our bank details:

Erzgebirgssparkasse
IBAN DE78 8705 4000 0725 0179 88
BIC WELADED1STB

And I have to ask another favour: change.org is a non-profit organization. Its staff supports people who want to start a petition with all they can; please also support them with donations.

Brigitte Sommer
Germany

  1. Germany: Petition update: Protect the Goldstedt she wolf and her two cubs from being illegally shot! (translated here from German)

Hello dear supporters and wolf lovers of the petition With the human!-For the wolf!

The photo by Jens Feeken (a dedicated supporter and wolf activist from Diepholz) shows the two surviving cups of the Goldstedt she-wolf. In contrast to the official data published by the LJN, that states four cubs, we can presently only confirm two still being alive.

Read the full report here.

  1. Switzerland: Please, help the wolves in Switzerland (translated here from German)

Hello dear supporters.

It is outrageous – not only are permits for the “legal” shooting of wolves issued all the time, now there are even plans to reduce their protection status, although there are as few as less than 40 wolves living in Switzerland! This is an unsustainable practice! It can only be hoped that the outdated way of thinking that killing predators to protect livestock will have an reducing effect on tourism.

Please sign the petition here.

Read the full report here

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

  1. Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – July 1-31, 2017

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf.

Past updates may be viewed on either website, or interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically or by visiting www.azgfd.com and clicking the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf telemetry flight location information please visit www.bit.do/mexicanwolf or www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/RWL.cfm.

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

The Fish and Wildlife Service published the draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan, First Revision for public review and comment and for peer review on June 30, 2017. The public comment period closes August 29, 2017. Comments must be submitted in writing by either of the following methods:

Electronically: Go to www.regulations.gov  and enter FWS-R2-ES-2017-0036

Or

Hard copy: Submit by US mail or hand-delivery to: Public Comments Processing, Attn: FWS-R2-ES-2017-0036, US Fish and Wildlife Service, MS: BPHC, 5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041-3803.

The Fish and Wildlife Service has also made available the Draft Biological Report and two supporting analyses – “Population Viability Analysis for the Mexican Wolf” and “Mexican Wolf Habitat Suitability Analysis in Historical Range in Southwestern US and Mexico,” to the public as supplemental background information during the public comment period. These documents, as well as the draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan, First Revision are available at: www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/MWRP.cfm

The Fish and Wildlife Service held four public information meetings on the Draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan, First Revisions. The public information meetings were held July 18 in Flagstaff, AZ; July 19 at the Hon-Dah Resort, AZ; July 20 in Truth or Consequences, NM; and July 22 in Albuquerque, NM. All four meetings were well attended and provided the opportunity to ask questions about the draft recovery plan and the science that supports it.

On July 13 and 14, the Mexican Wolf Species Survival Plan held its annual binational planning meeting in Cananea, Sonora, Mexico. Discussions involved recommendations for captive breeding and transfers of Mexican wolves in 2017 and 2018, as well as research needs and results.

July 27, AGFD and USFWS personnel conducted presentations at the Arizona Cattlemen’s Association Annual meeting in Prescott, AZ about IFT activities and the Draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) indicate wolves younger than 24 months or pups. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year. This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

During annual year-end population counts, the IFT documented a minimum of 113 Mexican wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico at the end of 2016. At the end of July, there were 57 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

Wolves with functioning radio collars are listed by studbook number in the pack updates below.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338 and AF1335)

In July, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the SCAR and in the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF). They have displayed localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing and use of rendezvous sites. A minimum of three pups were documented with the Bear Wallow Pack in July; however this number is subject to change as the IFT continues to document observations of this pack.

Bluestem Pack (collared F1489 and f1563)

In July, the Bluestem Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. Male 1574 showed dispersal behaviour and was documented travelling with the Panther Creek Pack. The IFT documented AF1042, AM1341, F1489, and f1563 showing localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing in July. The IFT conducted prey carcass investigations as part of a kill rate study of the Bluestem Pack during the month of July.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, m1471, m1474, and f1473)

In July, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF. The pack displayed localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of July.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In July, F1443 and m1447 were documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico. They displayed localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing in July. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache during July for this pack to reduce potential for livestock depredations.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038)

In July, the Hawks Nest Pack consisted of one collared wolf, AM1038. AM1038 was located travelling alone in the traditional territory of the Diamond Pack in the northern portion of the ASNF.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, and f1550)

In July, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the ASNF. The IFT confirmed pups with the Hoodoo Pack in July and continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing. The IFT conducted prey carcass investigations as part of a kill rate study of the Hoodoo Pack during the month of July.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In July, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In July, the Panther Creek Pack was located in the east central portion of the ASNF. The breeding pair continued to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing. The IFT maintained a food cache for this pack to reduce potential for livestock depredations and to supplement cross-fostered pups.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488)

In July, F1488 and an unknown collared wolf continued to travel together within a territory in the east-central portion of the ASNF.

Saffel Pack (collared AF1567)

In July, the Saffel Pack was located in the north central portion of the ASNF, north of the traditional territory of the Hoodoo Pack. The IFT confirmed pups with the Saffel Pack in July and continued to observe behaviour consistent with pup rearing. A diversionary food cache was maintained by the IFT for this pack in effort to avoid conflict with cattle in the area.

Single collared m1483

Male 1483 made wide dispersal movements in the northern portion of the ASNF in Arizona during July.

Single collared f1484

Female 1484 was documented travelling alone in Arizona at the southern edge of Panther Creek’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF during July.

Single collared f1562

Female 1562 made wide dispersal movements to the northeast of Bluestem’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF during July.

ON THE FAIR:

Diamond Pack (collared f1557, m1559, f1560, m1571, and m1572)

In July, the Diamond Pack was located in their traditional territory on the FAIR and in the northern portion of the ASNF. The IFT initiated and maintained a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for the Diamond Pack to reduce potential for further wolf-livestock conflict.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343 and AF1283)

In July, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, and m1556)

During July, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF). The IFT confirmed pups with the Iron Creek Pack in May and continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during July.

Lava Pack (collared F1405 and AM1285)

During July, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south eastern portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts. The Lava Pack continued to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During July, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness. The IFT continued to monitor the pack for pup rearing behaviour in July.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158 and AF1487)

During July, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the Gila National Forest. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce potential for livestock depredations. The Luna Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with pup rearing.

Mangas Pack (collared M1296 and F1439)

During July, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north western portion of the GNF. The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts. The Mangas Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with pup rearing.

Dark Canyon (collared F1444 and M1386)

During July, F1444 and M1386 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF. Although the Dark Canyon Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning in late April, the IFT does not believe the pack is currently maintaining a den.

Copper Creek (collared F1456 and M1354)

During July, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF. Although the Copper Creek Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning in early May, the IFT does not believe the pack is currently maintaining a den.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, M1398, and f1565)

During July, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT confirmed pups with the Prieto Pack in July and continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing. A diversionary food cache was established in May to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts and was utilized by the Prieto Pack in July.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399)

During July, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a supplemental food cache to assist the pack’s care for the genetically diverse litter of pups. The San Mateo Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with denning. Field observations documented two adults and a minimum of two pups during the month of July; however, there may be additional pups and uncollared wolves associated with this pack.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284 and F1553)

During July, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT confirmed pups with the SBP pack in May and observed the pack continued to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of July. The IFT established a diversionary food cache in June to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts. The food cache was utilized by the SBP pack during the month of July.

Single collared AM1155

During July, AM1155 was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single collared M1455

During July, M1455 travelled throughout east-central portions of the GNF and central portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared M1552

During July, M1552 travelled throughout central portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared m1569

During July, m1569 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared m1486

During July, m1486 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the CNF.

MORTALITIES

There were no mortalities documented during the month of July.

INCIDENTS

During the month of July, there were 3 confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock and no nuisance reports.

On July 4, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a probable wolf kill.

On July 4, Wildlife Services investigated four dead horses in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the horses been killed by lightning.

On July 5, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the cow died from an unknown cause, but was not killed by wolves.

On July 5, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by coyotes.

On July 11, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the cow was a probable wolf kill.

On July 14, Wildlife Services investigated three dead calves in Apache County, AZ. The investigations determined all three calves were killed by wolves. Two of the calves were killed during a single depredation incident.

On July 24, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the bull was a confirmed wolf.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On July 14, the IFT conducted an education and outreach presentation to a group of tribal high school students from New Mexico.

On July 20, the IFT gave an education and outreach presentation to a group from the Arizona Conservation Corps.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

In July, Maya Stahl concluded her internship with the AGFD. Thank you Maya for your hard work and contribution to wolf recovery efforts!

  1. Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – August 1-31, 2017

The Fish and Wildlife Service met with the Mexican Wolf Tribal Working Group in Albuquerque, NM on August 16 to discuss the draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan.

The Mexican Wolf Recovery Program and the Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program met with the Natural Resource Conservation Service on August 17 to discuss conservation programs for the Mexican wolf.

The Fish and Wildlife Service met with Mexican wolf partner agencies in Springerville, AZ on August 22 to discuss the draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan Implementation Strategy.

The Fish and Wildlife Service held a conference call with Mexico’s National Commission of Natural Protected Areas (CONANP by its Spanish acronym) on August 28 to discuss the Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan Implementation Strategy.

The public comment period for the draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan closed August 29.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

During annual year-end population counts, the IFT documented a minimum of 113 Mexican wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico at the end of 2016. At the end of August, there were 60 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

Wolves with functioning radio collars are listed by studbook number in the pack updates below.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338 and AF1335)

In August, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the SCAR and in the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF). The pack displayed localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing and use of rendezvous sites. A minimum of three pups were documented with the Bear Wallow Pack in August; however this number may change as the IFT continues to document observations of this pack.

Bluestem Pack (collared F1489, f1563 and fp1665)

In August, the Bluestem Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. The pack continued to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing. The IFT documented a minimum of four pups with use of remote camera during the month of August. A female pup, fp1665 was captured, collared and released and continued to travel with the pack.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, m1471, m1474, and f1473)

In August, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF.  The pack continued to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of August.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In August, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico. The pack continued to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing in August.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038)

In August, the Hawks Nest Pack consisted of one collared wolf, AM1038.  AM1038 was located travelling alone in the traditional territory of the Diamond Pack in the northern and central portions of the ASNF.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, f1550 and f1663)

In August, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF. The IFT continued to observe localized behavior consistent with pup rearing. A yearling female, f1663, in the Hoodoo pack was captured, collared and released in August.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In August, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In August, the Panther Creek Pack was located in the east central portion of the ASNF. The breeding pair continued to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing. A minimum of three pups were documented with the Panther Creek Pack during the month of August. The IFT maintained a food cache for this pack to reduce potential for livestock depredations and with the goal of increasing survival of genetically valuable pups that the IFT cross-fostered into the Panther Creek Pack in May.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488)

In August, F1488 and an unknown collared wolf continued to travel together within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Saffel Pack (collared AF1567 and mp1661)

In August, the Saffel Pack was located in the north eastern portion of the ASNF, north of the traditional territory of the Hoodoo Pack. The IFT confirmed a minimum of four pups with the Saffel Pack in August and continued to observe behaviour consistent with pup rearing. A male pup, mp1661, was captured, collared and released in August. A diversionary food cache was maintained by the IFT for this pack in an effort to avoid conflict with cattle in the area.

Single collared m1483

Male 1483 made wide dispersal movements in the north eastern portion of the ASNF in Arizona during August.

Single collared f1484

Female 1484 was documented travelling alone in Arizona at the southern edge of Panther Creek’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF during August.

Single collared f1562

Female 1562 remained outside of the Bluestem Pack’s traditional territory in the central portion of the ASNF during August.

ON THE FAIR:

Diamond Pack (collared m1559, f1560, m1571, and m1572)

In August, the Diamond Pack was located in their traditional territory on the FAIR and in the central portion of the ASNF.  F1557 was lethally removed by Wildlife Services due to repetitive confirmed depredations on livestock. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for the Diamond Pack to reduce potential for further wolf-livestock conflict.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343 and AF1283)

In August, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, and m1556)

During August, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF). The IFT confirmed pups with the Iron Creek Pack in May and continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during August.

Lava Pack (collared F1405 and AM1285)

During August, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south eastern portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During August, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness. The IFT continued to monitor the pack for pup rearing behaviour in August.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158 and AF1487)

During August, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT captured, collared and released female pup, fp1662, in the Luna Pack. Near the end of the month, fp1662 slipped the collar it was wearing. The animal is alive and still travelling with the pack. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce potential for livestock depredations.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439 and fp1664)

During August, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north western portion of the GNF. The Mangas Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with pup rearing. The IFT captured, re-collared and released AF1439. The IFT also captured, collared and released a female pup, fp1664, with the Mangas Pack. The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts.

Copper Creek (collared F1444 and M1386)

During August, F1444 and M1386 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF.

Dark Canyon (collared F1456 and M1354)

During August, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, M1398 and f1565)

During August, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT confirmed pups with the Prieto Pack in July and continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing in August. A diversionary food cache was established in May to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts and was utilized by the Prieto Pack in August.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399)

During August, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a supplemental food cache with the goal of increasing survival of the genetically diverse litter of pups.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284 and F1553)

During August, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT confirmed pups with the SBP Pack in May and observed the pack continue to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of August. The IFT established a diversionary food cache in June to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts. The food cache was utilized by the SBP Pack during the month of August.

Single collared AM1155

During August, AM1155 was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single collared M1455

During August, M1455 travelled throughout east-central portions of the GNF and central portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared M1552

During August, M1552 travelled throughout central portions of the CNF.

Single collared m1569

During August, m1569 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared m1486

During August, m1486 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the CNF.

MORTALITIES

In August, F1557 of the Diamond Pack was lethally removed by Wildlife Services due to repetitive confirmed depredations on livestock.

INCIDENTS

During the month of August, there were four confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock and one nuisance report.

On August 2, Wildlife Services investigated two dead calves and a dead cow in Apache County, AZ. The investigations determined one calf had been killed by wolves, the second calf was a probable wolf kill during an earlier incident and the cow had died from ingesting twine.

On August 3, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by wolves.

On August 8, the IFT received a call from a hiker that described an encounter they had with a wolf pack on August 1, while hiking in the ASNF. GPS collar data was used by the IFT to determine the encounter reported by the hiker was with the Saffel Pack which consists of two adult wolves and their pups from this year. The hiker told the IFT they were hiking on the Apache Trail southeast of Mexican Hay Lake on August 1 at approximately 12 noon, when they noticed a collared adult wolf standing approximately 15 feet away. The hiker stopped and looked at the wolf at which point the wolf ran to about 60 feet and then stopped. The hiker stated they observed a second collared adult wolf approximately 20 to 30 yards away and three uncollared pups approximately 50 to 60 yards away. The hiker yelled at the wolves and they did not run off. The closest wolf, which was apparent to the hiker as a male, defecated and then started jumping up and down on its front feet. The hiker fired a shot from a handgun into the ground to scare the wolves away. The closest wolf jumped at the sound of the gunshot but remained. The hiker began walking again and the closest wolf retreated to about 50 yards. The wolves then moved off into the woods to a distance of approximately 100 yards. The hiker stated that the two adult wolves paralleled the hiker and followed along the trail for a distance of about 400 yards. The hiker stated the pups were only visible intermittently at a distance during this time. GPS collar data from the Saffel Pack showed in the days following the hiker’s encounter, the Saffel Pack had moved out of the location where the encounter had occurred and by the day the IFT received the report, the Saffel Pack had begun travelling in another area to the east.

The IFT concluded the encounter the hiker had with the Saffel Pack was a result of the hiker walking into a rendezvous site where the alpha wolves exhibited behaviours to protect the pups present. At the time of the incident, the wolf pups in the Saffel Pack would have been four months old. The behaviour of the adult male jumping up and down on its front feet is often observed of Mexican wolves in captive breeding facilities with young pups in response to human presence. Wolves vocalizing and following a perceived threat out of an area is a common territorial behaviour exhibited by wolves. At the time this report was prepared, there have been no further nuisance reports on the Saffel Pack.

The public is encouraged to report all wolf interactions to the IFT using the contact information provided at the beginning of this document. Any person may take (which includes killing as well as nonlethal actions such as harassing or harming) a Mexican wolf in self-defence or defence of the lives of others. Any form of take must be reported within 24 hours to the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service by telephone 505-346-2525; or fax 505-346-2542.

On August 9, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by a wolf.

On August 14, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by a wolf.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On August 24, the USFWS attended the New Mexico State Game Commission meeting where the draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan was discussed.

On August 29, the USFS attended a Coronado National Forest Permittee meeting in Sonoita, AZ and provided a wolf program update.

On August 29, the USFWS met with the Western Landowners Alliance in Albuquerque, NM to discuss conservation programs.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

In August, Erika Sertyl started a volunteer position with the USFWS. Welcome to the program Erika!

In August, McKenna Zandarski concluded a summer internship on the IFT with the AGFD. Thank you McKenna for your hard work and commitment to Mexican wolf recovery efforts!

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at(505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

Other News

National

Nothing to report

Next Door

Nothing to report

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

USA: Congress is back… to their old dirty tricks

Congress is back in town and they’ve brought with them another round of deadly attacks on wildlife. They barely had time to unpack their suitcases before reigniting their anti-wildlife agenda with a slew of riders aimed at undermining the Endangered Species Act (ESA).

This week, the House is preparing to vote on a massive bill to fund the federal government, including the Department of the Interior, and some shameless representatives are using it as a tool to hurl attacks at the ESA.

URGENT: Tell your representative to oppose any anti-wildlife riders on this bill: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=rsuJ0f4PXvrICRRqKit8Yw

By loading anti-wildlife riders onto this “must pass” bill, they could succeed in removing ESA protections for individual species and undermining the role of science in wildlife conservation. The bill also includes a nearly 17 percent cut to the budget that protects new species under the ESA – a significant cut that will lead to delays in protections.

It is devious and downright dirty to use a necessary funding bill as a vehicle by which to throw wildlife under the bus. Help us send a clear message that we won’t stand for it!

Urge your representative to stand up for this critical law and the imperiled species that depend on it for their continued survival: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=sv2B8GDAinqu1aaB0n97yA

The ESA enjoys overwhelming public support and has been successful at keeping 99 percent of listed species from going extinct. It is the last line of defence for species on the brink of extinction.

YOU are the last line of defence for the ESA. Help protect it from conniving politicians intent on taking science out of conservation decisions and catering to the special interests that line their campaign coffers.

Don’t let anti-ESA lawmakers get away with these underhanded schemes to dismantle the ESA: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=kpHPkhrMbjl5Vky7bHir9A

The fate of threatened and endangered species should be left up to science – not politics.

Don’t let Congress turn its back on the wildlife you love.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Managing Wolves Requires Managing Cattle
by Rick Lamplugh, author and wildlife advocate

The recent slaughter of wolves by state officials in Washington and Oregon highlights a sad fact: cattle grazing on public lands is lethal for wolves. Washington has 1.1 million cattle, Oregon 1.3 million. About a third of each state is public land that many cattle run roughshod over. Those public lands are by necessity the home of each state’s minuscule wolf population. With so many cattle invading wolf territory, conflict happens.

Each state has a Wolf Management Plan. Each plan’s basic premise: wolves are the problem and must pay the price for cattle-wolf conflict.

Each state needs a Cattle Management Plan. The premise of the plan I propose: Killing wolves on public land is not acceptable; wolves have no where else to live. Instead, the livestock owner bears the burden for reducing conflict his animals cause while grazing on public land in wolf territory.

Just as wolves have several chances under current Wolf Management Plans, the owner would have several chances under the proposed Cattle Management Plan.

With the first cattle-wolf conflict on public land, the state’s Department of Fish and Wildlife would determine the non-lethal steps the owner must take to keep livestock separate from wolves. This analysis and compliance would happen quickly, let’s say within fourteen days.

With the second conflict, the owner’s herd would have to be moved away from the wolves they infringed upon. Let’s say a move of thirty miles within seven days.

With the third conflict, the owner’s privilege of grazing livestock on public land would be suspended for perhaps two years.

A Cattle Management Plan such as this should be operating in Washington, Oregon, and every other state with cattle causing conflict on public land. This plan puts the responsibility for reducing cattle-wolf conflict on the shoulders of the owner that benefits from the cost savings of grazing in wolf territory. And it saves the lives of many cattle and wolves.

I will send letters about this plan to elected officials in wolf states with lots of cattle and lots of public land. Perhaps some will find it of interest. If you know of a possibly receptive official in your wolf state, please send me the name via Facebook comment or private message.

Indie author Rick Lamplugh writes to protect wildlife and preserve wildlands. His new book, Deep into Yellowstone: A Year’s Immersion in Grandeur and Controversy, is available signed from Rick at http://bit.ly/2tIEt62, or unsigned on Amazon: http://amzn.to/2tgPU3E. His bestseller, In the Temple of Wolves, is available signed at http://bit.ly/1gYghB4, or unsigned on Amazon at http://amzn.to/Jpea9Q.

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 142

Men are Murderers
by Gypsy Yawgel

If only he knew
What was happening as the wind blew.

He left his den for less than an hour,
And decided to return home when the air turned sour.

He returned to only see death,
It was man he would bet.

There was bloodshed everywhere,
Why was man so unfair?

They never hunted humans,
So why do they hunt them?

We are not the vicious creatures man makes us up to be,
We only wish to live free.

Now his pack is dead,
They were the ones he had lead.

Oh why did I leave today? I should have listened to my instinct, I should have stayed,

There’s nothing left for me
If only they could see.

Everything I have cared about as been murdered on this day,
I wish I could see the man, who did this and say,

“Why do you come out of your way, just to slay?”

I wish so much I couldn’t I have been here
I would have made a difference; I would have fought with no fear.

So this is the way it ends,
It’s all over now, my family is gone,
I will wait for the break of dawn,

For one day man will come for me,
And I will no longer be able to run free.

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

Nothing to report

Will be continued…