Volume 13, Issue 165, July 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 165, July 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

It’s still way too cold for me up here on the Highveld!

The battle of pro-nature civilians against their anti-nature leaders continues in the US. Isn’t it depressing to realize that those who are elected to act in your interest will often do the exact opposite once they are in power? But then again, if dullards constitute the majority, even if only by a small margin, you just can’t win. And this is what bipedalists like the Horror Clown can and do count on. Just read what his administration has in mind for the last 40 Red Wolves, and basically all wildlife, and try not to puke.

On the home front, it was with great shock when we learnt that there had been another brutal attack on a game farm’s big cats. There seems to be a syndicate at work here, and it wouldn’t at all surprise me if some impotent East Asians were behind it, making use of the virtually inexhaustible supply of unscrupulous criminals we have in our wonderful country. Find the short write-up in the News section under Other News, National.

We have an update on the wolves in California this month, which makes for interesting reading. We also have another wolf tale. What we don’t have this month is news from Erin, but then again, her fingers are as stiffly frozen as are mine.

That’s why I keep it short this time.

Till next month,

Ed.

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:

Wolves in a Changing World

October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.

Register now

Location & Lodging:

Minneapolis Marriott Northwest

7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428

Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more here

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs here:

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long!  The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12.  All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.
SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Spring Break Camp 
SPRING SESSION: APRIL 3 – 6
For children entering grades 3 – 5  ​
Time: 9AM – 3PM
Fee: $300 per child for the 4-day program (Tuesday – Friday)
Information & registration HERE

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the centre home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration here

Summer Internships for College Students

The Wolf Conservation Center is pleased to offer summer environmental education internship opportunities for college students! The environmental education internship is designed to expose interns to the field of conservation education and wildlife biology. Interns conduct a variety of education programs and assist with the daily operations of the WCC.

Information here

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone here

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!
SUMMER FAMILY ADVENTURE August 5 – 10, 2018 here
FALL WILDLIFE ADVENTURE: September 8 – 13, 2018 here

News from the Wolf Front

National

From the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary (Frans Badenhorst, wolfrescuesa@gmail.com)

HuskyRomi Newsletter June 2018

From the sanctuary

Life goes on out here, nothing much changes. We’ve had a volunteer Kim Dijkman from Holland out here helping in a big way over the last six weeks; she left us on the 3rd of July but has promised to come back from mid-August for another six weeks. Kim has taken on a few responsibilities around here, cleaning up around the containers, which was becoming a bit of an eye sore. She has also put a lot of effort into getting the volunteers room ready; we have purchased two double bunk beds, one mattress and three to follow as we can afford them.

Niska and her eight puppies are doing very well. The pups are adorable, pictures can’t even describe them, they are little characters each in their own right.

We’ve been going for well over ten years now and a lot of our original fencing is sagging; we are not asking you for money but we do need a lot of funding. One idea is five hundred people donating R50 a month – what can fifty Rand buy you nowadays, but there’s a lot that we could do with twenty five thousand Rand every month.

News from the Shire

Winter’s got us in our grip and I think a lot of us can’t wait for summer. Luckily we had a very nice sunny day at Fantasy Fayre.

What a truly amazing day! Alter Egos -Meryl & Dayle, really went all out again and a huge thank you to them for inviting HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary to be a part of this magical day! We enjoyed every moment and such a bunch of happy people that attended the Fayre.

Thank you to each and everyone who stopped at our stall to learn more and to support the sanctuary. Special thanks to Francois & Laurika for the help in setting up, Frans who delivered some new goodies, Debbie for bringing her soaps, Retha and Carlien for the visit and ongoing support, Mariska who stopped by to learn more and ended up spending a few hours helping out, Ryan & Bryan for being “wolves” for the day, Draco for giving all his treat donations to the sanctuary, Dianna for bringing Skylar/Boy and Silver for a visit and of course Jacques for always supporting. Some photos taken on the day. Hope to see you at the next event!

I finally received a photo of the winner of the Air Brush raffle from Geekfest 2017. Congratulations Mark! Looks like it found the perfect spot.

Finally decided to give a Rockwood Fundraiser another try (same as Barnyard). We are planning it for the 12th of September for the Jukebox Hits show. More details and how to get your tickets in next month newsletter.

If you have any ideas or donations for the markets please get in touch with me.

Till next month!

Nolia

Remember the different ways to get involved and to make a difference:

  1. Making a donation directly into the bank account

HuskyRomi Rescue and Wolf Sanctuary

First National Bank

Account : 62296463989

Branch : 230833

Cheque Acc

Ref: Donation / Your name

  1. Making use of the SMS line and donating R10 per SMS on all SA Networks

SMS “Donate HuskyRomi” to 48748

  1. Adding HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary as a beneficiary on your My School / My

Village/My Planet card (Remember you can have up to three beneficiaries)

Or SIGN UP FOR A MYSCHOOL CARD and make HuskyRomi Wolf

Sanctuary your charity of choice. You will be donating indirectly to

HuskyRomi without spending an extra cent, when you purchase at

Woolworths/Engen etc. Please take a moment to register a card

at https://www.myschool.co.za/supporter/apply/

Contact Nolia on FB, email to nolia@pentasure.ws or message to 0726221764 for any further assistance.

  1. By paying the entrance fee when you visit the sanctuary as well as buying

souvenirs at the different events throughout the year

  1. Virtual adopt / Sponsor an animal of your choice. There are different options

available so contact Frans if you would like to make a fix monthly donation

to an animal of your choice. You will also receive a certificate with a photo of

the animal that you chose to sponsor.

More from the sanctuary

We are always living on the cheap out here, our pick-up blew the motor and we found a 2nd hand engine, it runs but burns a lot of smoke/oil and we’re not sure how long she will last.

We’ve had three bad injuries out here, every one of them was life

threatening but the three animals have pulled through. Two of them were

due to old fencing that should be replaced or at least reinforced, we do

our best with what we have.

Sky is a beautiful wolf who lives down at the house, he is one of many

wolves who don’t have a sponsor, just look at that face, he makes James

Dean look ugly.

Well until next time, keep howling

Larry

Check out the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary’s Facebook page for more information here: https://web.facebook.com/huskyromi/?rdc=1&rdr . If you wish to subscribe to HuskyRomi’s monthly newsletter, mail Frans Badenhorst at wolfrescuesa@gmail.com and have yourself added to the mailing list. It’s FREE!

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: Wolves and other wildlife – beware!

The Trump administration is a who’s who of climate change-denying oil and gas boosters and special interests. And, extremists in Congress are embarking on a ruthless campaign to turn the clock back on wildlife protection.

I won’t lie. Animals will die in alarming numbers if the extremists get their way.

I know you share my love for wildlife. And you’ve been an important ally in protecting wolves, grizzlies and other wild things we love.

That’s why I implore you to take another step today and become a monthly donor to Defenders of Wildlife here

We know that President Trump views all things as resources to be exploited. And the ideologues and the oil barons he has named to his cabinet have their own agendas.

As a monthly sustainer, your support provides a steady, reliable source of contributions as we fight habitat loss and threats to wildlife.

  • What will happen to wolves in the lower 48 when stripped of all Endangered Species Act protection?
  • What will happen to dwindling African elephant populations when the doors are thrown open for importing illegal ivory?
  • What will happen to polar bears and other animals when the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and other precious wild habitats are opened for drilling, fracking and mining?

These are real threats, just some of the many we are sure to face in the months and years ahead.

Above all, your monthly donation will give us the resources we need to defend wildlife from the mounting threats they face. Become a monthly donor here

Not everyone shares the commitment to wildlife that you and I do. This is the moment when those of who care must do everything possible.

We can’t do this without you.

  1. USA: Take emergency action to save red wolves

Catastrophic.

No other word comes close to describing the impact on critically endangered red wolves if this appalling proposal goes through.

Defying all logic, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) is proposing a 90 percent reduction in the land available for red wolf recovery in eastern North Carolina. This area supports the last wild population of red wolves. And worse, the proposal would allow private landowners free reign to shoot any red wolves that wander across their property.

If this proposal goes into effect, it will be a death sentence for America’s most endangered wolf.

URGENT – this proposal is an outrage – tell FWS to do their job and save red wolves here  http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=mwl5itrCH1tAqluLQUU-Zg

Fewer than 40 red wolves cling to survival in the wild. If this proposed rule goes into effect, there will barely be room for 15 animals in the tiny patch of habitat that remains.  Protect the Red Wolf: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=-GOQYF5r6926s55GsdTF8A

In what was once a model recovery program, FWS reintroduced red wolves in North Carolina in 1987 – just seven years after they were declared extinct in the wild. As a result, the wild population of red wolves rebounded to nearly 150 individuals!

But after years of yielding to pressure from a vocal minority seeking to end the recovery of red wolves in the wild, FWS failed to follow through on its commitment to restore red wolves and is now proposing a rule that would certainly lead to their extinction in the wild!

But there’s still time to stop this!

FWS is accepting comments until July 30th – so please – take a moment and speak out for red wolves today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=gSbE9Dj42HMv8odh2L4yIw

Thanks for all you do.

  1. USA: Keep up the fight for lobos!

Here’s the heartbreaking truth:

Mexican gray wolves are the most endangered gray wolves in the world and unless more of them are released into the wild, they are doomed to go extinct.

At the end of 2015 there were an estimated 97 Mexican gray wolves remaining in the wild. And just this week, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) confirmed that 14 Mexican gray wolf deaths were documented last year, marking the most in any single year since the federal government began reintroducing them in New Mexico and Arizona in 1998.

It’s critical that we make it clear to the Trump administration that we’re not backing down from Mexican gray wolf recovery!

Please, take action today. We must let the Trump administration know that Mexican gray wolf recovery is a top priority: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=dneqdCO6fShHN–kfp3GDw

Please, tell the Trump administration that more Mexican gray wolves MUST be released!

It’s been 40 years since the Mexican gray wolf, or “lobo,” was first listed under the Endangered Species Act. Since the lobo reintroduction program began in the late 1990s, FWS has never released enough wolves from captivity. In fact, from 2008 through 2015, only five new wolves were released into the wild.

Please take action for Mexican Gray Wolves: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=A-BpUwmEbxdg53kHIQJ88Q

These wolves are running out of time. It’s up to you and me to protect their future in the wild.

Thank you for all you do.

4. USA: Fighting for Alaska predators, red wolves and the Arctic refuge

Help Protect Alaska’s Wolf Pups and Bear Cubs

The National Park Service (NPS) has proposed lifting a ban on extreme killing methods on Park Service lands in Alaska. If the ban is removed, wolves, bears and other predators will be vulnerable to appalling and cruel killing methods that most people strongly oppose. If the Park Service follows through on its plan, it will be legal to kill wolves and pups and mother bears and their cubs in their dens. Please act now to help prevent this from happening here

Disaster for Red Wolves

Defying all logic, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) is proposing a 90 percent reduction in the land available for red wolf recovery in eastern North Carolina – the area that supports the last wild population of red wolves. Learn more here

  1. USA: A Death Sentence for Red Wolves

The federal government seems bent on destroying what began as one of our nation’s greatest wildlife comeback stories.

As a result, red wolves are all but certain to go extinct in the wild – again.

You and I can’t let what began as such a success story end on such a heartbreaking and tragic note. This is a 100% preventable extinction.

Say ‘hell no’ to the red wolf extinction plan. Help us fight for the wildlife you love here

Last month the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service proposed to cripple the red wolf recovery program by:

  • Reducing the recovery area in Eastern North Carolina by nearly 90% – leaving barely enough room for a single wolf pack.
  • Allowing any wolf wandering outside the cramped confines of the Refuge to be gunned down, no questions asked.

Thomas, 30 years ago when the red wolf recovery effort launched it was destined to become a model for recovery of wolves across the U.S. The once nearly extinct population took root and grew to 150 wolves. But ever since anti-wolf extremists mounted an anti-wolf campaign, numbers have fallen.

Fewer than 40 red wolves cling to survival in the wild – won’t you help us fight for them? http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=xd0fBsSppIqx7LcH3iuFlQ

Red wolves, native to Eastern North Carolina, are a key part of our natural heritage. In our not so distant past, these animals ranged from Florida to Pennsylvania and as far west as Texas. There are no words for how tragic it would be to see them disappear forever.

Your donation will help fuel our all-out effort to rescue the red wolf from oblivion. You’ll help fund public outreach efforts in North Carolina, build community support for wolf conservation, and help us hold Fish and Wildlife Service’s feet to the fire, including legal action if necessary.

Stop the extinction of the Red Wolf: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=jWgKF7nsp5OjaPbNiCRtiQ

The story isn’t over. With your help, we’ll get the happy ending we have sought for three decades. It’s the happy ending these wolves deserve. Are you with us?

Please give generously today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=bMrR2oq8YvYAP-lcgAcf2g

Thank you in advance for your help.

 

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Wolfsschutz Deutschland on Facebook here

  • Background information regarding the biting incident in Poland – How you can help
  • I am sure you have already heard about the incident in southeastern Poland where a wolf is believed to have attacked two children and a woman. The animal was shot dead, and the media had a field day with facts again not playing a role. There were even voices demanding the killing of the whole Polish and German wolf population. Now it turns out that the supposed wild wolf could also have been a wolf-dog that was kept in a kennel.
  • The hunt for the wolf must end and the media must eventually accept their responsibility of a neural and factual coverage of the topic wolf. It seems that many publishing houses and broadcasting corporations only focus on the wolf and are eagerly waiting for a wolf to do something, which he, according to their opinion (which is the opinion of many lobbyists and politicians), should not have done. But the incident in Poland also shows that often the humans are the guilty ones, provoking such incidents through wrong behavior and egotism. There is no valid reason for keeping a wolf as a pet and then to wonder why they lose their shyness of humans. To lock a wild animal up is animal abuse.
    Again a wolf had to pay with his life for human stupidity. Research has become a foreign word to many journalists, and one-sided reporting has priority. This is a dangerous development in the media world that can only be balanced with continuous disproof of intentional fake news.
  • Here you can read about the background and watch a video with the shot animal:
  • And here an open letter from us to the Stuttgarter Zeitung (Stuttgart newspaper).
  • To finish a project, initiated by our member, Volker Vogel, that is supposed to become the counterpart to such nationalistically reports, we still need to collect Euro 15.000; we already got 1/3 of the money needed from donations. Please help us to achieve this project, which is very close to our hearts, by donating any amount to this fund.
  • In addition to this we have started anti-poaching patrols in eastern Saxony. Like the Black Mambas in Africa we also want to achieve that our presence at all possible day and night times contributes to the poachers not feeling safe anymore. We are a small association with no help from the state and depend on donations. Here you can donate:
  • Berliner Sparkasse
    IBAN DE79 1005 0000 0190 7118 84
    BIC BELADEBEXXX orvia Paypal:
    http://wolfsschutz-deutschland.de/spenden-2/

From Change.org (Heather L. via Change.org; change@mail.change.org)

USA: Does the 2019 Appropriations Bill Target the Mexican Gray Wolf?

The 2019 Interior and Environment Appropriations Bill was approved by the House Appropriations Committee today, and unfortunately it targets the Gray Wolf. Specifically, Section 117 would require the USFWS to delist the Gray Wolf nationwide. But included within Section 117 is Subsection 2, which states:
“Shall not affect the inclusion of the subspecies classified as the Mexican gray wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) of the species gray wolf (Canis lupus) in such list.”

What in the world does this mean? Does it mean that the Mexican Gray Wolf will be excluded from the delisting? Or does it mean that the separate listing of the Mexican Gray Wolf is to be disregarded and the subspecies included within the delisting? If anyone understands legal speech and can interpret this for the rest of us, then that would be highly appreciated!

In any case, we must keep an eye on that rider and fight to remove it from the bill! If you live in the USA, then please write to your Congress representatives and tell them to ensure that this dangerous rider does not make it into the passed bill! The fate of the Mexican Gray Wolf might depend on it!

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – May 1-31, 2018

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at www.azgfd.gov/wolf  or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf.  For information on the FAIR call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit www.wmatoutdoor.org.

Past updates may be viewed on these websites. Interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically by visiting www.azgfd.com  and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AZGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH.

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: the Alpine wolf office at (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office at (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 388-4385 ext. 226. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

On May 23, Judge Zipps of the United States District Court for the District of Arizona held a hearing in the 10(j) case to discuss both parties’ responses to the Court’s March 30, 2018 order.  An order following this hearing is pending.

On May 31, 2018 the USFWS published in the Federal Register its intent to conduct a 5-year status review under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended, of 38 animal and plant species.  The Mexican wolf is included as one of the species under review. Section 4(c) (2) (A) of the Endangered Species Act requires the USFWS to review each listed species’ status at least once every 5 years.  A 5-year status review is based on the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review; therefore, the USFWS is requesting submission of any such information that has become available since the last review for each of the 38 species.  Please see the Federal Register notice for more information here.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) are used to indicate wolves younger than 24 months.  A lower case letter “p” preceding the number is used to indicate a wolf pup born in the most recent spring. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. Studbook numbers listed in the monthly update denote wolves with functioning radio collars. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

The IFT completed the annual year-end population survey which started November 1, 2017 and concluded with helicopter count and capture operations conducted from January 24, 2018 through February 3, 2018.  The year-end minimum population count for 2017 was 114 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico. Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups).  Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.  At the end of May, there were 73 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, M1676, and f1683)

In May, the IFT documented the Bear Wallow Pack in their traditional territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF).  Some individuals were occasionally documented on the SCAR. Yearling f1683 and M1676 were documented travelling with AM1338.  AF1335 was found dead in May.  The incident is under investigation.

Bluestem Pack (collared f1686)

In May, the IFT documented the Bluestem Pack in the pack’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. Yearling f1686 exhibited behaviour and movements suggesting that that animal may be dispersing.  The IFT initiated a diversionary food cache in a proactive effort intended to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, f1668, and m1671)

In May, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The IFT maintained a supplemental food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort and to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Elk Horn Pack continued to display behaviour in May consistent with denning.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, m1666, m1677, and m1681)

In May, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce potential for conflict.  The Hoodoo Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory during May.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AM1382)

In May, the IFT documented the Panther Creek Pack in their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  AF1339 was found dead in May.  The incident is under investigation.  After the mortality, AM1382 was documented travelling alone.  Sub-adult m1574 continued to travel alone and is now considered a single animal.  At the end of May, the pack consisted of only AM1382.

Pine Spring Pack (collared AF1562 and AM1394)

In May, the Pine Spring Pack was located within their territory in the north central portion of the ASNF.  The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pair to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Pine Spring Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their territory during May.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared AF1488 and AM1471)

In May, the IFT documented the Prime Canyon Pack travelling within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  AF1488 exhibited behaviour and movements consistent with denning.  The IFT initiated a diversionary food cache for this pack in a proactive attempt to reduce the potential for conflict near residences.

Saffel Pack (collared AM1441, AF1567, m1661, and m1680)

In May, the Saffel Pack was located in their territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The Saffel Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory during May.

Sierra Blanca Pack (collared M1571 and F1550)

In May, F1550 of the Hoodoo Pack had localized in the east central portion of the ASNF and has been consistently documented travelling with M1571 formerly of the Diamond Pack.

Single collared M1477

In May, the IFT documented M1477 in the east central portion of the ASNF.  This animal has continued to travel with an uncollared wolf.  They are now considered a pack and will be given a pack name in June.

Single collared F1489

In May, the IFT documented F1489 travelling in the north and east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared M1574

In May, the IFT documented M1574 travelling in the east central portion of the ASNF.

ON THE FAIR:

Baldy Pack (collared AM1347, F1560, and m1672)

In May, the Baldy Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR and the north central portion of the ASNF.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In May, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.  They were documented as having produced pups.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343, AF1283, and f1674)

In May, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

Tu dil hil Pack (collared M1559 and F1679)

In May, the Tu dil hil Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Copper Creek Pack

During May, the Copper Creek Pack was not located.  Currently there are no functioning collars in this pack.  Single M1673 was documented travelling within the Copper Creek territory in May.  The IFT is monitoring M1673 to determine if it is travelling with the Copper Creek Pack.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared AF1456 and AM1354)

During May, the Dark Canyon Pack was documented travelling together within their traditional territory, in the west central portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF).  In May, the IFT, cross-fostered two wild-born pups (one taken from the Iron Creek Pack and one taken from the Lava Pack) into the Dark Canyon den subsequent to cross-foster events of genetically valuable pups from captivity into both the Iron Creek and Lava Packs.  One pup from each den was removed during the cross-foster to reduce the litter size in an effort to increase chance of survival for the captive born pups.

Datil Mountain Pack (collared M1453 and F1685)

During May, the Datil Mountain Pack continued to travel in the western portion of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).  The Datil Mountain Pack showed signs of denning in early May, however, leading into mid-late May behaviour was no longer consistent with denning.

Frieborn Pack (collared AF1443 and AM1447)

In May, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in New Mexico and Arizona.  The IFT maintained a food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort and to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Frieborn Pack continued to exhibit behaviour and movements consistent with denning.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038 and F1473)

During May, the Hawks Nest Pack continued to travel in the north central portion of the GNF. The pair is now considered the Hawks Nest Pack.  The Hawks Nest Pack showed signs of denning in April, however, leading into mid-May they have failed to show behaviour consistent with denning.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During May, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.  The IFT cross-fostered two pups from the Endangered Wolf Center into the Iron Creek den in May.  One wild born pup was removed to reduce litter size and increase the chance of survival of the genetically valuable pups.  The Iron Creek pup was subsequently cross-fostered into the Dark Canyon Pack den.

Lava Pack (collared AF1405 and AM1285)

During May, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south-eastern portion of the GNF.  The IFT cross-fostered two pups from the Endangered Wolf Center into the Lava den in May.  One wild born pup was removed to reduce litter size and increase the chance of survival of the genetically valuable pups.  The Lava pup was subsequently cross-fostered into the Dark Canyon pack den.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293 and AF1346)

During May, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158, AF1487, and fp1684)

During May, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT maintained a food cache for the Luna Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and f1664)

During May the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north-western portion of the GNF.  The Mangas Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for the Mangas Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict. The IFT captured, collared and released a previously uncollared juvenile female wolf (f1705).

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, F1565, m1669, and m1678)

During May, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT documented a minimum of 2 pups with the Prieto Pack.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and f1578)

During May, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT documented behaviour consistent with denning for the San Mateo Pack in late April and documented a minimum of 6 pups in May.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, AF1553, mp1667, and fp1682)

During May, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  AM1284, mp1667 and fp1682 were not located in May.

Single collared AM1155

During May, AM1155 of the old Morgart’s Pack was not located by the IFT.

Single collared M1486

During May, M1486 travelled throughout the northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared M1561

During May, M1561 was captured by the IFT north of I-40 in Arizona and translocated back into its natal pack territory in NM.  M1561 has remained in NM since the translocation.

Single collared M1673

During May, M1673 travelled throughout the southern portion of the GNF, largely within the Copper Creek Pack territory.

MORTALITIES

In May, AF1335 of the Bear Wallow Pack and AF1339 of the Panther Creek Pack were located dead in Arizona.  Both mortalities are under investigation.   From January 1, 2018 to May 31, 2018 there have been a total of 6 documented wolf mortalities.

INCIDENTS

During the month of May, there were 14 confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock. There were 5 nuisance incidents investigated in May.  From January 1 to May 31, 2018 there have been a total of 39 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in New Mexico and 17 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in Arizona.

On May 6 and 11, the IFT investigated reports of two elk killed by wolves in Alpine.  The IFT investigated and determined both elk were killed by wolves from the Prime Canyon Pack.  On May 12, an elk was killed in Nutrioso by wolves from the Elk Horn Pack.  There were no interactions between humans and wolves during any of these incidents.  All elk carcasses were removed from private lands.  Concentrations of elk feeding in pasture land in these communities have remained high during this spring due to the forage in the wet meadows as compared with dry conditions on the adjacent ASNF.  The IFT encourages all residents to report any wolf sightings in proximity to residences by calling the phone number listed above.  The IFT continued active hazing efforts of wolves in these areas and maintaining diversionary food caches to disrupt documented patterns of wolves regularly using areas inhabited by humans.  At the time this report was prepared, there have been no additional reports of elk killed by wolves in either of these communities.

On May 8, the IFT investigated a report of an interaction between a wolf and a dog at a residence in Alpine that reportedly had to be broken up by the owner of the dog.  The report was determined to be unfounded.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the bull was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 15, Wildlife Services investigated an injured calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the injured calf was confirmed wolf.

On May 15, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 22, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 22, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 23, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 23, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 24, the IFT received a report from a turkey hunter who observed a collared wolf from his camp on national forest near Hannagan Meadow three times during a three hour period on May 21, 2018.  The hunter reported that in the early morning hours he first saw the wolf at a distance of approximately 150 yards away from the camp.  The wolf left, then returned 30 minutes later and was observed approximately 25 yards from the camp. The wolf left the area on its own, then returned a third time and was observed approximately 40 yards away around 9:00AM.  During this interaction the hunter never yelled or did anything to scare the wolf away.  The hunter was alone at the camp and there were no dogs present in camp.  The hunter indicated there was food present at the camp but he was not cooking at the time the wolf was observed.  The IFT confirmed this interaction involved a collared Mexican wolf from photographs taken during the incident.

On May 25, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was killed by a bear.

On May 26, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by coyotes.

On May 27, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 28, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 29, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 29, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 30, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was killed by a bear.

On May 30, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation concluded the cause of death was unknown.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On May 2, USFWS presented to various tribes at the New Mexico Tribal Fish, Wildlife, and ESA Conservation Meeting.

On May 8, WMAT presented to the Boys and Girls Club in Whiteriver, AZ

On May 8, WMAT presented to WMAT Forestry Department in Canyon Day, AZ.

On May 10, WMAT presented to the Boys and Girls Club in Whiteriver, AZ

On May 16, the IFT gave a presentation on Mexican wolf biology, management and reintroduction efforts to a group of 6th grade children from Winslow, AZ at their annual camping trip on the ASNF.

On May 17, the Mexican Wolf/Livestock Council met in Springerville, AZ.

On May 24, WMAT presented at Whiteriver Elementary in Whiteriver, AZ.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

There are no project personnel updates for the month of May.

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at (505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

From Endangered Species Coalition (action@endangered.org)

USA: Trump Administration proposal to allow killing of endangered wolves

Red wolves are found only in America. They are one of the country’s most endangered species. There are as few as 30 of them left in the wild. The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS) should be redoubling its efforts to save them from extinction. Instead, they announced last week that the agency would if they wander out of the one wildlife refuge they’ve got.

Fight Ryan Zinke’s attack on critically-endangered red wolves with an emergency donation today here

The USFWS’ proposal would remove all but 10 to 15 wolves from the wild and limit their recovery area (the habitat they can safely traverse) by a staggering 90 percent. Wolves that cross these invisible boundaries could be killed without any consequences. The killers wouldn’t even have to pick up the phone to let USFWS know.

This is a betrayal of conservation and the Endangered Species Act. Help fight it with an emergency donation today here

The USFWS had multiple, scientifically sound options that biologists recommended. Instead of accepting these, Secretary Ryan Zinke and his political appointees chose to pursue the intentional extinction of red wolves. We won’t let him abandon these critically endangered wolves without a fight and neither should you. Please support our work to save the last of these critically-endangered wolves with a 100% tax deductible donation today here 

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

  1. USA: Send USFWS an email to help stop Zinke’s disastrous red wolf plan

Red wolves are under the greatest threat they have faced in decades and it is at the hands of the agency in charge of preventing their extinction.

Take action to stop this plan when you submit your comment today to protect endangered red wolves here educe the recovery area for critically endangered red wolves by 90 percent and remove nearly all of the remaining 30 red wolves from the wild.

On top of that, they will now allow poachers or anyone with a gun to kill these wolves if they cross an invisible line and wander outside of the recovery area. The USFWS does not even require that the poacher notify them. Their plan is a disaster and will almost certainly cause these wolves to become extinct in the wild.

The USFWS is accepting public comments on this revised plan through July 30th. Please submit your comment opposing this betrayal of endangered wolves and the Endangered Species Act today.

Scientists and wolf experts within the government presented the USFWS leadership with multiple scientifically-sound options to bring these wolves back. Instead of considering plans that would have increased the recovery zone or brought more captive-bred wolves into the wild where they can bolster those populations, Ryan Zinke and his political appointees raised the white flag of surrender and are walking away from their responsibilities under the Endangered Species Act.

You can help. Add your comment to the record opposing this outlandish plan to show Zinke that the public is not with him and that you see him here

The deadline to submit your public comment is July 30th. Our action page here USFWS’s system. Please submit your comment today here

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

Other News

National

From IOL News (https://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/limpopo/cops-launch-manhunt-after-gruesome-discovery-of-six-slain-lions-15777528)

  • Limpopo Province: Cops launch manhunt after gruesome discovery of six slain lions

On Sunday Limpopo police announced that the police in Rust De Winter in the Bela-Bela policing cluster have launched a manhunt for unknown suspects who killed six lions at a local game farm.

“It is alleged that an employee at the farm was on his way to work when he noticed bloodstains on the farm, followed by the gruesome discovery of four lions dead with their heads and paws chopped off. The other two lions were also dead but with no missing body parts,” Colonel Moatshe Ngoepe said.

Preliminary police investigations indicated that the lions might have been poisoned, and a pair of trousers with blood stains and takkies were also found at the scene. The suspects in this matter were unknown and no arrests had yet been made, Ngoepe said.

Anyone with information about the suspects involved should contact Colonel Alpheus Mokale at 082-565-6524, or the crime stop number 08600-10111 or the crime line sms 32211, or the nearest police station.

Next Door

From Johnny Rodrigues (newsletter@zimconservationtaskforce.com)

ZCTF Update – April 20th Newsletter

Zimbabwe lost approximately 750 elephants to cyanide poisoning along the SAVE River in the south eastern part of the country. Poisoning elephants results in a significant secondary loss of carnivores, vultures, and other species of birds and animals. The authorities have NOT managed to control or stop the use of poison, especially cyanide.  The poisoning of elephants occurred far too often for at least three to four years.  The damage being done to animals and their habitats will not be recoverable.

The Government Ministers, Military Officers, Prison Service Officers and other VIPs are lining their pockets with monies derived from poached ivory and game skins.  These individuals are thought to engage in these activities due to the possibility that

ZANU- PF might lose the elections in August. The Government does not appear to enforce the laws or the Wildlife Act as the practice of profiting from poached ivory and animals is so widespread.  It seems to be a “free for all.”

One solution would be for all Ministers and individuals in high positions to declare their assets and the manner in which they obtained their wealth.  For those who decline to declare their assets, an investigation into their financial dealings should commence. Corruption appears to run deep. Assets from individuals who cannot explain their fortunes should be frozen until an investigation is completed and they are cleared from wrongdoing.

The Ministers and/or their families who have camps near Safari areas or Wildlife Parks seem to be benefiting from the influx of trophy hunters from South Africa.  Monies gleaned from these hunters from hunting quotas and license permits seems questionable. This practice appears to be happening all over the country with no apparent controls in place.

Zimbabwe continues to export her treasured wildlife. They recently exported crocodiles, elephants and other wildlife to zoos in Dubai and China.

See our  new ZCTF Video –  Click Here To Watch

URGENT

We are in urgent need of donations in order to continue our work. If you can and wish to make a donation – please respond to this email with the subject line “I WISH TO MAKE A HELP ZCTF” and we will send instructions. Thank you and God Bless.

International

Nothing to report.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Wolves in CaliforniaBorn to be wild; gray wolf follows her father OR-7’s paw steps

A two-year-old gray wolf believed to be the offspring of the famed OR-7 was tracked on Friday to the Truckee area in Nevada County, not too far from Lake Tahoe, but it was only just a short visit.

California Department of Fish and Wildlife officials said the gray wolf, known as OR-54, has since returned to neighboring Sierra County. Still, her trip to Nevada County was the first known visit of a gray wolf to the region, the farthest south, since the early 1900s. And where she turns up next is anybody’s guess.

Although it’s not known what is motivating her journey, she could be in search for a mate or is being driven by the availability of food, or she was just born to be wild and has the itch to be out on her own and explore region’s unknown to her.

The female gray wolf, which was collared last fall, was located late last week about a mile and a half from Interstate 80 near Boreal Mountain, which means she travelled  at least 638 miles through five California counties.

It’s believed the gray wolf is one of OR-7’s daughters and has been generally covering a lot of the same territory her father did in 2011 through 2013.

OR-7, the first gray wolf in California since 1924, was first spotted in the North State in December 2011. He eventually settled back in southern Oregon, where he and a female gray wolf established what’s called the Rogue Pack and have raised litters every year since 2014. Since his travels, other wolves have since been found in California, some of which are from OR-7’s pack.

Another collared wolf from Oregon, known as  OR-44, has been found in eastern Siskiyou County, but he is not related to OR-7 or his offspring. And his movements have been difficult to track because his collar has battery problems.

News of OR-54’s travels throughout Northern California was met with delight by officials from the Tucson, Arizona-based and nonprofit Center for Biological Diversity.

“That’s tremendously exciting news for wolves in California,” Amaroq Weiss, its West Coast wolf advocate, said in a written statement. “This wolf who followed her famous father’s footsteps into California is now making history of her own, exploring beyond where he traveled into great wolf habitat in the Sierras.”

Original article by Jim Schultz here

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 151

Awakening of the White Wolf

by Bryan Jones

He rises from his long slumber.

Much time has passed since he has walked in her light but a voice he remembers from a time ago is like a song to his ears and has awoken him from his deep sleep.

Although it has been many years he can still recall the short time they were together and it saddens his heart that he slept so long and almost forgot the spirit inside of him but he does not weep for he is also glad to be awake once more.

As he emerges from where he has slept and stretches his tired muscles his senses become sharper and he greets the coming evening with a renewed energy and sees again with his eyes the world before him.

He begins to move through the wild and a hunger starts in his belly for it has been a long time since he has enjoyed her company and knows only one way to satisfy his growing hunger.

Once more the hunter inside him arises.

As his journey begins he stops by a pool of water to quench his thirst.

While he is drinking he looks at his reflection and contemplates what he sees Although he is older his heart is still young and in his eyes you can still see the glint of the youth that wants to play and run through the country without a care in the world.

But you can also see the elder who has gained the wisdom that comes with age and is more careful as he travels in this life.

As he moves on his mind returns to his ever growing hunger and he must begin his hunt, He travels on and soon comes to the top of a tall mountain and he searches for a sign to show him the way but as he looks out over the land he sees nothing to help him in his quest.

Above him as the clouds move in the night sky he sees what he is searching for.

Although she is far away he has traveled far before and as the sky clears and the stars emerge she shines brightly like a beacon in the night and he walks in her light once more.

The light of the Bright Moon.

And the White Wolf howls.

The White Wolf howls but there is no moon.

No longer does he yearn for the sight of her brightness in the night sky for its hold on him is no longer as strong as it once was.

He has found a new reason to lift his voice to the night. His howls now echo with a new song in his heart.

In his voice a song of a new found friend now fill the woods.

Although he travels alone most times and draws strength from his independence the chance meeting of kindred spirit has elated his soul.

Seldom in his travels does he meet another who understands his ways and has traveled along the same roads in life that he has journeyed over.

The ways of the wolf are strange to most but inside of her he sees that she also shares some of the same spirit he has in her own ways and is attracted to her because of it.

As they get to know each other better he sees in her a jumble of mixed emotions and knows that her mind and soul are troubled and wants to help her sprit mend.

He listens as she tells him of the obstacles that block her happiness. He hears her spirit yearn for a simpler life.

A life without problems brought about by others who want to bring her down and it saddens his heart to feel all the sadness in her life that she does not deserve to have.

He also listens as she tells him of good things in her life and sees how her eyes light up when she speaks of her son.

He feels the emotions of a proud mother come out of her and knows that his young spirit gives her strength in times of need.

He can also see within her the beautiful spirit that is the true soul within her and knows she deserves so much more happiness in her life and wants to help her find it.

As he rests and thinks to himself how he can help mend her broken spirit and bring more light to her soul his senses remind him to be careful.

In the past his willingness to help others has hurt him and he has learned to stay cautious and guard his feelings well.

While he contemplates his new friend’s dilemma he also senses more from her soul and it confuses him.

But it also intrigues his senses for he knows the future with this new friend can be a new adventure and he decides that he will take on this task because if he can help to brighten her spirit it will also strengthen his own spirit and be good for them both and that makes him glad.

Once again, the White Wolf howls

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

Nothing to report this month

Will be continued…

Volume 13, Issue 164, June 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 164, June 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

If you visit a nature reserve, no matter where in the world, and you pick up as much as a dead leaf to take home, legally speaking, you are committing a crime. If a government tries to promote the use of extreme methods to kill wildlife in national reserves to boost populations of game animals, it is called America first. And again it is Alaska where brain-dead politicians want to allow hunters to bait, trap and snare bears and wolves, kill their cubs in their dens, and shoot defenceless caribou from boats or from the banks as they swim across rivers – in protected areas, mind you. Yeah, I was almost expecting that democratically elected anti-wildlife criminals would come crawling from under their stones and try to further their ends, now that they only have to wave profit prognoses at their Führer.

Another matter very close to my heart, but much closer to home is the Wolf Sanctuary in Reitz in the Free State. If you haven’t been there yet, you may find it difficult to understand why, but if you have and have experienced the uncompromising passion with which rescued and abandoned wolves, wolfdogs, and huskies are cared for there in spite of everything, you will most certainly know what I am talking about. They need, and truly deserve, every bit of support they can get. If you are planning on travelling between Gauteng and KZN, in the next “crazy season” for example, I can only urge to take the “scenic route” via Frankfort, Bethlehem and Harrismith rather than the highways and stop over at Reitz. Your view of wolves and sanctuaries will never be the same afterwards, I promise!

Did you ever realize that most wolf-lovers are actually “cat people”? It doesn’t surprise me in the least, for I am a cat person, too. Wolves are just so much more like cats in their ways than like dogs. It therefore came as a terrible shock to Erin and me when we learnt what has happened at the newly reopened Jugomaro Predator Park in Limpopo. Our hearts really bleed for both the precious animals and the owners.

For a change, we have selected a werewolf and not a wolf tale for this newsletter, and I imagined the Horror Clown sitting at that campfire.

Erin tells how she tracked down a major source of food for our pack that had suddenly disappeared some two years back. In the end, it forced us to buy yet another chest freezer. You have to make hay as long as sun shines, so they say. And while the sun shines from a bright blue sky today, it is bitterly cold up here. I am simply not made for winter.

If you have read it, please post a review of my book, A Houseful Headful of Wolves (German edition: Das Haus Den Kopf voller Wölfe), by following the link on SAFOW’s Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/safhowl) or directly at http://safow.org/book-review/ . It can be as short or long as you wish, in English or German, and you can remain completely anonymous. I really love to know how it comes across.

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:

Wolves in a Changing World

October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.

Register now

Location & Lodging:

Minneapolis Marriott Northwest

7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428

Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more at: https://events.r20.constantcontact.com/register/eventReg?oeidk=a07ecvklsy03664a135&oseq=&c=&ch=

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs here.

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long!  The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12.  All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.
SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Spring Break Camp 
SPRING SESSION: APRIL 3 – 6
For children entering grades 3 – 5  ​
Time: 9AM – 3PM
Fee: $300 per child for the 4-day program (Tuesday – Friday)
Information & registration HERE.

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the center home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration here.

Summer Internships for College Students

The Wolf Conservation Center is pleased to offer summer environmental education internship opportunities for college students! The environmental education internship is designed to expose interns to the field of conservation education and wildlife biology. Interns conduct a variety of education programs and assist with the daily operations of the WCC.

Information here.

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone (website)

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!
SUMMER FAMILY ADVENTURE: August 5 – 10, 2018: Details here.
FALL WILDLIFE ADVENTURE: September 8 – 13, 2018: Details here.

News from the Wolf Front

National

From the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary (Frans Badenhorst, wolfrescuesa@gmail.com)

HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary Newsletter May 2018

From the sanctuary

I’m not sure what to say, the animals and I are all healthy, we need lots more support but if you are reading this newsletter then you are already a supporter and we are grateful to you for your ongoing support.

We need a farm pick-up, I’ve spent nearly 25k keeping our Isuzu going over the last couple of months, I’ve approached car dealers but they can’t help us because of the consumers protection act so we can’t even buy a lemon from them and we can’t raise the finance to purchase a slightly better one because we are a NPO, if you can come up with any suggestions please forward them to me, remember we have a PBO number which means that you can claim it back from SARS.

If you think that you can help us or may know of someone who can or is willing to help please let us know, we are desperate, but I can’t go on begging, the conditions aren’t always so great but the animals are well fed and loved out here.

Frans’s Ramblings

From the end of December until well into April, things were quite quiet on the rescue scene and then the heavens opened up once again. I reported in the previous newsletter about the full trailer load that I moved at the end of April. Since then it still did not stop. The very next week we received a message about a family that emigrated to Australia and left a five year old wolf cross female behind. There are a couple of different versions to this story, so I will rather not go into it, but I arranged to go and collect her and take her to HuskyRomi the following Saturday. Late that Friday evening, I received a call from our contact there stating that Niska had a litter of puppies and what now? I swallowed, sat down, and said I will take them all. The following Whatsapp message was that it was seven pups. I called Larry and notified him that I am bringing through eight animals and not only one. As it turned out it was nine because the original count was wrong. Anyway, Niska and her rapidly growing family have settled in nicely at HuskyRomi, but will have to be moved out of the house into an enclosure pretty soon. To do this, Larry has to make some changes to the enclosures around the house and he requires a bit of additional financial assistance to do so. If anybody can contribute to this project, please get in contact with Larry directly. Donations can be made directly into the HuskyRomi account, via the PayFast Donation platform or via the new PayPal account and any amount will be much appreciated.

The next weekend I had work commitments and Derek offered to go and collect a wolf in Westonaria that also required re-homing. Shadow is a lovely long haired wolf and Larry is busy preparing an enclosure for him to share with Jakkals (that came from Carltonville).

This past Sunday, Larry drove down to KZN to collect Shiloh. The re-homing went very well and she made herself at home immediately.

Enough from me for now. Take care and keep howling.

Frans.

News from the Shire

With the changing seasons it seems like people tend to change animals as well, as if they were disposable “things”. Like Frans mentioned there has been an influx of new animals to the sanctuary in the last couple of months and that is putting strain on the existing resources. So I decided to share all the ways you can help and make a difference.

The different ways to help:

  1. Making a donation directly into the bank account

HuskyRomi Rescue and Wolf Sanctuary
First National Bank
Account : 62296463989
Branch : 23083
Cheque Acc
Ref: Donation / Your name

  1. Making use of the SMS line and donating R10 per SMS on all SA Networks

SMS “Donate HuskyRomi” to 48748

  1. Adding HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary as a beneficiary on your My School / My

Village/My Planet card (Remember you can have up to three beneficiaries)
Or SIGN UP FOR A MYSCHOOL CARD and make HuskyRomi Wolf
Sanctuary your charity of choice. You will be donating indirectly to
HuskyRomi without spending an extra cent, when you purchase at
Woolworths/Engen etc. Please take a moment to register a card
at https://www.myschool.co.za/supporter/apply/

Contact Nolia on FB, email to nolia@pentasure.ws or message to
0726221764 for any further assistance.

  1. By paying the entrance fee when you visit the sanctuary as well as buying
    souvenirs at the different events throughout the year
  1. Virtual adopt / Sponsor an animal of your choice. There are different options
    available so contact Larry or Frans if you would like to make a fix monthly donation
    to an animal of your choice. You will also receive a certificate with a photo of
    the animal that you chose to sponsor.

Check out the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary’s Facebook page for more information here . If you wish to subscribe to HuskyRomi’s monthly newsletter, mail Frans Badenhorst at wolfrescuesa@gmail.com and have yourself added to the mailing list. It’s FREE!

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: Help stop this brutal killing!

Just when you thought it couldn’t get any worse…

The Trump administration has proposed opening National Park Service lands to a potential wave of barbaric killing, including bear cubs and wolf pups in their dens.

We’re pulling out all the stops to prevent this inhumane killing, and we need your help.

Your urgent support of $10 or more will provide the resources we need to turn back despicable attacks on the wildlife you love: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=l9HlbH2RQbB_iPiE2Z7cuQ

Here’s what we’ve learned:

The Department of the Interior has proposed to withdraw protections preventing the use of extreme methods to kill wildlife in Alaska national preserves. That would leave wildlife on these federally-protected lands at the mercy of the state. And Alaska state wildlife policy is especially focused on one thing: aggressively killing predators to boost populations of game animals.

Help us stop these brutal killings: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=MW-_exeV5N3J2d2ABhsaSg

The list of extreme methods that could be allowed is nothing short of shocking. The regulatory rollback would allow hunters to bait, trap and snare bears. It could allow them to kill black bears and cubs and wolves and pups in their dens.

The change could also open the way for hunters to kill defenseless caribou from boats or shore as they swim across rivers in national preserves.

Even for this Administration, opening these public lands to such vicious killing represents a new low.

With your donation of $10 or more, we will do what it takes, including court action, to prevent this brutal killing: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=OB7hiN_ZdGl7og3EpZ7zjg

Thank you in advance for your urgent support.

  1. USA: Wolves and other wildlife – beware!

The Trump administration is a who’s who of climate change-denying oil and gas boosters and special interests. And, extremists in Congress are embarking on a ruthless campaign to turn the clock back on wildlife protection.

I won’t lie. Animals will die in alarming numbers if the extremists get their way.

I know you share my love for wildlife. And you’ve been an important ally in protecting wolves, grizzlies and other wild things we love.

That’s why I implore you to take another step today and become a monthly donor to Defenders of Wildlife: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=CapWj_eq-Vm8OfxU0YiPaA

We know that President Trump views all things as resources to be exploited. And the ideologues and the oil barons he has named to his cabinet have their own agendas.

As a monthly sustainer, your support provides a steady, reliable source of contributions as we fight habitat loss and threats to wildlife.

  • What will happen to wolves in the lower 48 when stripped of all Endangered Species Act protection?
  • What will happen to dwindling African elephant populations when the doors are thrown open for importing illegal ivory?
  • What will happen to polar bears and other animals when the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and other precious wild habitats are opened for drilling, fracking and mining?

These are real threats, just some of the many we are sure to face in the months and years ahead. Above all, your monthly donation will give us the resources we need to defend wildlife from the mounting threats they face. Become a monthly donor today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=Ecl9x6hT14iMaNzz5pw3Bw

Not everyone shares the commitment to wildlife that you and I do. This is the moment when those of who care must do everything possible.

We can’t do this without you.

  1. Mexico: Keep up the fight for lobos!

Here’s the heartbreaking truth:

Mexican gray wolves are the most endangered gray wolves in the world and unless more of them are released into the wild, they are doomed to go extinct.

At the end of 2015 there were an estimated 97 Mexican gray wolves remaining in the wild. And just this week, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) confirmed that 14 Mexican gray wolf deaths were documented last year, marking the most in any single year since the federal government began reintroducing them in New Mexico and Arizona in 1998.

It’s critical that we make it clear to the Trump administration that we’re not backing down from Mexican gray wolf recovery!

Please, take action today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=dneqdCO6fShHN–kfp3GDw We must let the Trump administration know that Mexican gray wolf recovery is a top priority.

Please, tell the Trump administration that more Mexican gray wolves MUST be released: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=JFLi2d_hBSrGrDC3UOQhRA

It’s been 40 years since the Mexican gray wolf, or “lobo,” was first listed under the Endangered Species Act. Since the lobo reintroduction program began in the late 1990s, FWS has never released enough wolves from captivity. In fact, from 2008 through 2015, only five new wolves were released into the wild.

Take action for Mexican Gray Wolves: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=A-BpUwmEbxdg53kHIQJ88Q .

These wolves are running out of time. It’s up to you and me to protect their future in the wild.

Thank you for all you do.

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Wolfsschutz Deutschland on Facebook.

Germany: 68 fatalities in Saxony…

We are not talking human lives lost here, but those of wolves. And it is just the official death toll. Considering that only every third dead wolf would have been reported to the authorities, it may be safe to suppose that more that 200 wolves have fallen victim to humans since the year 2000 in Saxony alone. On the other hand, not a single human fell victim to a wolf.
Saxony’s Minister of the Environment, Thomas Schmidt, is quoted by the Leipzig Internet Newspaper as stating the following: “Sixty-eight wolves that were found dead or were euthanized in the Free State of Saxony were referred to the Senckenberg Museum für Naturkunde in Görlitz for post mortems.”, with the newspaper explaining that “euthanized” probably meant “put to sleep” or “shot dead” by official sanctioning (https://www.l-iz.de/politik/sachsen/2018/05/Seit-2000-sind-schon-68-tote-Woelfe-aus-Sachsen-untersucht-worden-218967).
Why Thomas Schmidt chose the word “Euthanasia” in conjunction with killing wild wolves remains a mystery.

From Change.org (Heather L. via Change.org; change@mail.change.org)

USA: Does the 2019 Appropriations Bill Target the Mexican Gray Wolf?

The 2019 Interior and Environment Appropriations Bill was approved by the House Appropriations Committee today, and unfortunately it targets the Gray Wolf. Specifically, Section 117 would require the USFWS to delist the Gray Wolf nationwide. But included within Section 117 is Subsection 2, which states:
“Shall not affect the inclusion of the subspecies classified as the Mexican gray wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) of the species gray wolf (Canis lupus) in such list.”
What in the world does this mean? Does it mean that the Mexican Gray Wolf will be excluded from the delisting? Or does it mean that the separate listing of the Mexican Gray Wolf is to be disregarded and the subspecies included within the delisting? If anyone understands legal speech and can interpret this for the rest of us, then that would be highly appreciated!
In any case, we must keep an eye on that rider and fight to remove it from the bill! If you live in the USA, then please write to your Congress representatives and tell them to ensure that this dangerous rider does not make it into the passed bill! The fate of the Mexican Gray Wolf might depend on it!

Read more here.

Sign the petition here.

From ForceChange (TakeAction@ForceChange.com)

Stop Trump From Allowing Hunters to Kill Bears With Dogs, Slaughter Wolf Pups in Their Dens, and Use Motor Boats to Shoot Swimming Caribou

The Trump administration is about to allow hunters to bait brown bears with bacon and doughnuts, use spotlights to shoot mother bears and cubs hibernating in their dens, among other grotesque hunting techniques. Sign this petition to condemn Trump’s assault on wildlife here.

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Nine Rare Mexican Gray Wolf Pups Born at the WCC

Elusive. Endangered. Extremely Cute.

A critically endangered Mexican gray wolf living at the Wolf Conservation Center made a priceless contribution to the recovery of her rare and at-risk species on last week – she had pups!

On May 8, Mexican gray wolf F1143 (affectionately nicknamed Rosa by supporters) gave birth to a litter of nine pups – six boys and three girls. This is the first litter born to the pair – mom (age ten), and dad, (age eight).

Beyond being adorable, the wolf pups represent the Center’s active participation in an effort to save a species on the brink of extinction. The Mexican gray wolf or “lobo” is the most genetically distinct lineage of wolves in the Western Hemisphere, and one of the most endangered mammals in North America. By the mid-1980s, hunting, trapping, and poisoning caused the extinction of lobos in the wild, with only a handful remaining in captivity. In 1998 the wolves were reintroduced into the wild as part of a federal reintroduction program under the Endangered Species Act. Current estimates put the wild population at 114 in the United States. To watch the family’s progress, tune in to their live webcams!

https://nywolf.org/webcams/webcam-m1198-and-f1143

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – May 1-31, 2018

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at

www.azgfd.gov/wolf  or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf . For information on the FAIR call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit www.wmatoutdoor.org.

Past updates may be viewed on these websites. Interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically by visiting www.azgfd.com and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AZGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH .

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: the Alpine wolf office at (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office at (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 388-4385 ext. 226. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

On May 23, Judge Zipps of the United States District Court for the District of Arizona held a hearing in the 10(j) case to discuss both parties’ responses to the Court’s March 30, 2018 order.  An order following this hearing is pending.

On May 31, 2018 the USFWS published in the Federal Register its intent to conduct a 5-year status review under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended, of 38 animal and plant species.  The Mexican wolf is included as one of the species under review. Section 4(c)(2)(A) of the Endangered Species Act requires the USFWS to review each listed species’ status at least once every 5 years.  A 5-year status review is based on the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review; therefore, the USFWS is requesting submission of any such information that has become available since the last review for each of the 38 species.  Please see the Federal Register notice for more information here.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) are used to indicate wolves younger than 24 months.  A lower case letter “p” preceding the number is used to indicate a wolf pup born in the most recent spring. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. Studbook numbers listed in the monthly update denote wolves with functioning radio collars. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

The IFT completed the annual year-end population survey which started November 1, 2017 and concluded with helicopter count and capture operations conducted from January 24, 2018 through February 3, 2018.  The year-end minimum population count for 2017 was 114 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico. Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups).  Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.  At the end of May, there were 73 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, M1676, and f1683)

In May, the IFT documented the Bear Wallow Pack in their traditional territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF).  Some individuals were occasionally documented on the SCAR. Yearling f1683 and M1676 were documented travelling with AM1338.  AF1335 was found dead in May.  The incident is under investigation.

Bluestem Pack (collared f1686)

In May, the IFT documented the Bluestem Pack in the pack’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. Yearling f1686 exhibited behaviour and movements suggesting that that animal may be dispersing.  The IFT initiated a diversionary food cache in a proactive effort intended to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, f1668, and m1671)

In May, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The IFT maintained a supplemental food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort and to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Elk Horn Pack continued to display behaviour in May consistent with denning.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, m1666, m1677, and m1681)

In May, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce potential for conflict.  The Hoodoo Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory during May.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AM1382)

In May, the IFT documented the Panther Creek Pack in their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  AF1339 was found dead in May.  The incident is under investigation.  After the mortality, AM1382 was documented travelling alone.  Sub-adult m1574 continued to travel alone and is now considered a single animal.  At the end of May, the pack consisted of only AM1382.

Pine Spring Pack (collared AF1562 and AM1394)

In May, the Pine Spring Pack was located within their territory in the north central portion of the ASNF.  The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pair to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Pine Spring Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their territory during May.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared AF1488 and AM1471)

In May, the IFT documented the Prime Canyon Pack travelling within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  AF1488 exhibited behaviour and movements consistent with denning.  The IFT initiated a diversionary food cache for this pack in a proactive attempt to reduce the potential for conflict near residences.

Saffel Pack (collared AM1441, AF1567, m1661, and m1680)

In May, the Saffel Pack was located in their territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The Saffel Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory during May.

Sierra Blanca Pack (collared M1571 and F1550)

In May, F1550 of the Hoodoo Pack had localized in the east central portion of the ASNF and has been consistently documented travelling with M1571 formerly of the Diamond Pack.

Single collared M1477

In May, the IFT documented M1477 in the east central portion of the ASNF.  This animal has continued to travel with an uncollared wolf.  They are now considered a pack and will be given a pack name in June.

Single collared F1489

In May, the IFT documented F1489 travelling in the north and east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared M1574

In May, the IFT documented M1574 travelling in the east central portion of the ASNF.

ON THE FAIR:

Baldy Pack (collared AM1347, F1560, and m1672)

In May, the Baldy Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR and the north central portion of the ASNF.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In May, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.  They were documented as having produced pups.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343, AF1283, and f1674)

In May, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

Tu dil hil Pack (collared M1559 and F1679)

In May, the Tu dil hil Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Copper Creek Pack

During May, the Copper Creek Pack was not located.  Currently there are no functioning collars in this pack.  Single M1673 was documented travelling within the Copper Creek territory in May.  The IFT is monitoring M1673 to determine if it is travelling with the Copper Creek Pack.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared AF1456 and AM1354)

During May, the Dark Canyon Pack was documented travelling together within their traditional territory, in the west central portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF).  In May, the IFT, cross-fostered two wild-born pups (one taken from the Iron Creek Pack and one taken from the Lava Pack) into the Dark Canyon den subsequent to cross-foster events of genetically valuable pups from captivity into both the Iron Creek and Lava Packs.  One pup from each den was removed during the cross-foster to reduce the litter size in an effort to increase chance of survival for the captive born pups.

Datil Mountain Pack (collared M1453 and F1685)

During May, the Datil Mountain Pack continued to travel in the western portion of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).  The Datil Mountain Pack showed signs of denning in early May, however, leading into mid-late May behavior was no longer consistent with denning.

Frieborn Pack (collared AF1443 and AM1447)

In May, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in New Mexico and Arizona.  The IFT maintained a food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort and to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Frieborn Pack continued to exhibit behaviour and movements consistent with denning.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038 and F1473)

During May, the Hawks Nest Pack continued to travel in the north central portion of the GNF. The pair is now considered the Hawks Nest Pack.  The Hawks Nest Pack showed signs of denning in April, however, leading into mid-May they have failed to show behaviour consistent with denning.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During May, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.  The IFT cross-fostered two pups from the Endangered Wolf Center into the Iron Creek den in May.  One wild born pup was removed to reduce litter size and increase the chance of survival of the genetically valuable pups.  The Iron Creek pup was subsequently cross-fostered into the Dark Canyon Pack den.

Lava Pack (collared AF1405 and AM1285)

During May, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south-eastern portion of the GNF.  The IFT cross-fostered two pups from the Endangered Wolf Center into the Lava den in May.  One wild born pup was removed to reduce litter size and increase the chance of survival of the genetically valuable pups.  The Lava pup was subsequently cross-fostered into the Dark Canyon pack den.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293 and AF1346)

During May, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158, AF1487, and fp1684)

During May, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT maintained a food cache for the Luna Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and f1664)

During May the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north-western portion of the GNF.  The Mangas Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for the Mangas Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict. The IFT captured, collared and released a previously uncollared juvenile female wolf (f1705).

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, F1565, m1669, and m1678)

During May, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT documented a minimum of 2 pups with the Prieto Pack.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and f1578)

During May, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT documented behaviour consistent with denning for the San Mateo Pack in late April and documented a minimum of 6 pups in May.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, AF1553, mp1667, and fp1682)

During May, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  AM1284, mp1667 and fp1682 were not located in May.

Single collared AM1155

During May, AM1155 of the old Morgart’s Pack was not located by the IFT.

Single collared M1486

During May, M1486 travelled throughout the northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared M1561

During May, M1561 was captured by the IFT north of I-40 in Arizona and translocated back into its natal pack territory in NM.  M1561 has remained in NM since the translocation.

Single collared M1673

During May, M1673 travelled throughout the southern portion of the GNF, largely within the Copper Creek Pack territory.

MORTALITIES

In May, AF1335 of the Bear Wallow Pack and AF1339 of the Panther Creek Pack were located dead in Arizona.  Both mortalities are under investigation.   From January 1, 2018 to May 31, 2018 there have been a total of 6 documented wolf mortalities.

INCIDENTS

During the month of May, there were 14 confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock. There were 5 nuisance incidents investigated in May.  From January 1 to May 31, 2018 there have been a total of 39 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in New Mexico and 17 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in Arizona.

On May 6 and 11, the IFT investigated reports of two elk killed by wolves in Alpine.  The IFT investigated and determined both elk were killed by wolves from the Prime Canyon Pack.  On May 12, an elk was killed in Nutrioso by wolves from the Elk Horn Pack.  There were no interactions between humans and wolves during any of these incidents.  All elk carcasses were removed from private lands.  Concentrations of elk feeding in pasture land in these communities have remained high during this spring due to the forage in the wet meadows as compared with dry conditions on the adjacent ASNF.  The IFT encourages all residents to report any wolf sightings in proximity to residences by calling the phone number listed above.  The IFT continued active hazing efforts of wolves in these areas and maintaining diversionary food caches to disrupt documented patterns of wolves regularly using areas inhabited by humans.  At the time this report was prepared, there have been no additional reports of elk killed by wolves in either of these communities.

On May 8, the IFT investigated a report of an interaction between a wolf and a dog at a residence in Alpine that reportedly had to be broken up by the owner of the dog.  The report was determined to be unfounded.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the bull was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 15, Wildlife Services investigated an injured calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the injured calf was confirmed wolf.

On May 15, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 22, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 22, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 23, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 23, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 24, the IFT received a report from a turkey hunter who observed a collared wolf from his camp on national forest near Hannagan Meadow three times during a three hour period on May 21, 2018.  The hunter reported that in the early morning hours he first saw the wolf at a distance of approximately 150 yards away from the camp.  The wolf left, then returned 30 minutes later and was observed approximately 25 yards from the camp.  The wolf left the area on its own, then returned a third time and was observed approximately 40 yards away around 9:00AM.  During this interaction the hunter never yelled or did anything to scare the wolf away.  The hunter was alone at the camp and there were no dogs present in camp.  The hunter indicated there was food present at the camp but he was not cooking at the time the wolf was observed.  The IFT confirmed this interaction involved a collared Mexican wolf from photographs taken during the incident.

On May 25, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was killed by a bear.

On May 26, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by coyotes.

On May 27, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 28, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 29, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 29, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 30, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was killed by a bear.

On May 30, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation concluded the cause of death was unknown.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On May 2, USFWS presented to various tribes at the New Mexico Tribal Fish, Wildlife, and ESA Conservation Meeting.

On May 8, WMAT presented to the Boys and Girls Club in Whiteriver, AZ

On May 8, WMAT presented to WMAT Forestry Department in Canyon Day, AZ.

On May 10, WMAT presented to the Boys and Girls Club in Whiteriver, AZ

On May 16, the IFT gave a presentation on Mexican wolf biology, management and reintroduction efforts to a group of 6th grade children from Winslow, AZ at their annual camping trip on the ASNF.

On May 17, the Mexican Wolf/Livestock Council met in Springerville, AZ.

On May 24, WMAT presented at Whiteriver Elementary in Whiteriver, AZ.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

There are no project personnel updates for the month of May.

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at (505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

Other News

National

From Jugomaro Predator Park SA (https://www.facebook.com/Jugomaro/)

All of you who love not only wolves but also big cats will remember that quite some time ago we reported about the Jugomaro Park and all the problems the owners had with the piece of land the park was situated on. We did not hear from them for a very long time and already thought they must have lost the battle, but now the park is back to life.

It is now situated at Portion 4 Number 91 in Vaalwater, Tel. 082 558 0703, and you can get more information through their Facebook page  or their website  (not yet active).

But just when they thought everything would be running smoothly now they were hit by another catastrophe. The new start ended in tears for the family that owns the Jugomaro Predator Park in Limpopo, after three of their beloved lions and their prized tiger were poisoned. In the early hours of May 25. Justin Fernandes and his mother Rosa were alerted to trouble when their wolf Bolt started barking. The first cat they checked on was Panjo, the Bengal tiger that made headlines in 2010 when it escaped and was found two days later in a pine forest on the Swartkoppies farm in the Verena area, near Bronkhorstspruit. All the other cats seemed to be okay but then they noticed that the pupils of Elvis, the white male lion, were dilated and that he was choking on something. When the big cat’s condition began to decline rapidly, Justin performed CPR, but to no avail. Elvis shared the enclosure with Kai, a tiger cub who did not respond to Justin’s call. The two animals were inseparable. Kai was dead and had already digested most of his poison in his system. Next, Justin heard his two brown lions, Taariq and his twin brother Hercules, throwing up. While they waited for a vet to arrive from Bela-Bela, Taariq and Hercules died, too. The pelt of a freshly-slaughtered rabbit was found in bushes near the enclosures. The rabbit had been cut up and laced with the poison Temik, also known as Aldicarb or “Two Step”. Had it not been for Bolt waking them up, the cats would probably have been chopped into pieces, too.

Justin said, “It’s like losing your own childrenMy whole life has been around these cats for the past nine years. I can’t really say how angry and frustrated I am and that I could not do what I needed to save them.”

The cats had been moved from Krugersdorp, Gauteng, where they had been situated before, to the farm near Vaalwater, Limpopo, just about 2 weeks ago.

The family ran into financial difficulty in 2015 and lost the park that they had built in Groblersdal. Rosa said they went through an “ugly liquidation” and lost everything. The Red Ants, a security company, were sent to evict the family from the property. They left with just the clothes on their back. The cats were then taken to Krugersdorp, to a friend’s farm. In desperation, Rosa’s husband, Goosey, tried to open a zoo in Springs to save the cats. When he went to look at the place, he fell into an ash pit and suffered third degree burns, was in intensive care for more than two months, and during this time, the family managed to scrape together over R400 000 to buy back their cats. They later lived in a caravan and in tents in Krugersdorp, where the cats were being kept.

The whole family put blood, sweat and tears into these animals. With tears rolling down her face, Maxine, the daughter, said: “We were with Taariq and Hercules when they passed and we were holding them – telling them that we loved them and sorry that we failed them.”

Please open your hearts and pockets to the new park right here in our neighbourhood and donate whatever small money you can spare (big money is also welcome) to the park:

ABSA Bank
Name Maxine Fernndes
Branch code 632005
Savings acc. No. 9171806809
SWIFT code ABSAZAJJ
SMS proof 0825580703
Or through PayPal jugomaro21@hotmail.com

Next Door

Nothing to report.

International

Nothing to report.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Wolves in Italy

Bears and wolves at risk in Bolzano, Italy

The bill, just approved, on the proposal of the councillor of agriculture Arnold Schuler, provides for the capture, withdrawal or even killing, in extreme cases, some wolves and bears.

The Provincial Council of Bolzano gave the go-ahead to the draft law on large carnivores, including bears and wolves, by means of a bill titled, “Measures for prevention and intervention concerning large carnivores”. All this has been clarified and must be agreed with the Higher Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA). To announce it, the president of the Provincial Council of Bolzano, Arno Kompatscher said “The Province of Bolzano, stated, will establish the withdrawal of individual specimens, but only as long as there is no other solution and that this does not prejudice the maintenance of the species”.

So, while animal-loving people following the news are in turmoil, the situation (and lives) of bears and wolves, at least in the north of Italy, becomes harsher. The announcement came a few hours before the World Environment and Nature Day, celebrated all over the world.

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 150

The Curse of the Full Moon  by Jennifer Tissot

I knew it was coming. The feeling of untamed anxiety told me so, just as it does every month when the moon is at its fullest.

The curse has been with me since I was a child…but how long I’ve been a werewolf doesn’t matter. All that matters is here and now.

The house is silent and dark as I unlock the back door and step out onto the porch and into the cold, frosty February night air. I shiver and see the clear sky with all its winking white eyes and the one single, large, bright eye. It is the moon, huge and white as my fangs are against its milky gleam.

A shudder runs through my whole body, but not from cold. It’s the sign, the first sign of the transformation of my fifteen-year-old body of a girl becoming the animal.

I leap off the porch and into the frozen snow that feels like freezer burnt vanilla ice cream beneath my bare feet.

The prickling sensation traces through my veins…

It happens.

All my bones twist and turn to become a new structure as gray fur spreads across my arms and face like ripples in a pond.

I grow larger, my whole face pushing out…my nose and mouth melting into one to form the snout.

My teeth enlarge and curve as they change into the shining fangs…the ones I’ll use for tearing and biting with.

My fingers shrink and paws replace my hands.

I feel no pain as all this happens to me. Only a feeling of sheer joy and terror all at once as my heart beats faster…so fast I can hardly breathe…

I’m panting, drooling…

On all fours I rush over the white world beneath my wolf paws, into the woods.

So dark and concealing…

I see every flicker of movement within my colourless world, smell every hint of fear, and hear every sound of the alarmed rabbits and deer as they scurry for cover from me.

I reach a hillside and stop for breath.

I throw my head back and let out my howl. IT is long, shrill, and echoes off the trees and mountains beyond.

“I’m here,” I’m saying within the howl, “and I’m hungry.”

Yes. The scent of a human wafts over the sharp breeze in my direction.

I head for it, bounding.

I keep going into the woods until I spot the wandering man, bundled up to keep warm as he sits near a dying camp fire.

I make no sound as I creep toward him.

One paw, then two. The saliva runs thick over my chin. I can’t help it. His scent is intoxicating.

He suspects nothing with his back turned. He rubs his hands over the fading blaze.

I’m so close, inches.

I’m on him! I dig my claws right through his coat…into his warm flesh…

A half strangled scream is all he manages…

Then, I stop and think.

“A partner would be nice,” as I close my jaws around the back of his neck… and bite him long and hard…

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

I have been very busy lately, because we have finally managed to track down our old butcher. He had left his old butchery after too many fights with his partner and started his own butchery, which turned out to be located not too far from us. We had no clue where he had moved to; his old partner didn’t tell because he didn’t want to lose his customers, but with lots of asking around we eventually managed to find him. When we first walked into his new place, we were very nearly hugged by his staff, so pleased were they that we had found them. Luckily, he had not lost his love for wolves, although we had not seen each other for nearly two years. All his old customers have slowly been coming back to him, one by one, not only because of his high-quality meat etc., but surely also because of the rare family-like atmosphere this mountain of a man almost magically affords his customers the moment he addresses them. We were lucky to receive in excess of 100 kg of game off-cuts from him over the past four weeks. The pack is delighted about all the delicacies they can delve in and I’m sure they must have missed our old friend as much as we did. O.k., they love the chicken we get from a chicken farm quite a distance away from us, but boy, that’s nothing compared to fresh game meat and innards, and you should see their excited faces when feeding time approaches.

Otherwise it’s pretty cold up here in the moment and they spend lots of time inside dozing. Although I’m convinced that they cannot really feel the cold as we do, they don’t like the icy wind that’s blowing right now. Maybe it’s just solidarity with us, because we now spend much more time inside than outside – sometimes I wish we could also grow such a nice, thick coat during winter to stay warm without having to wear layers and layers of clothes that seem to be in the way all the time whatever you are doing.

Will be continued…

Volume 13, Issue 163, May 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 163, May 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

Let’s see what we’ve got for you this month. News of crimes against wildlife, of course. It really sickens me every month anew to realize what this beautiful planet has come to as a result of one ultra-aggressive species that thinks it is the ultimate creation because it walks upright, but still can’t see that actions have consequences. Well, I guess, you have to stay up to date…

Our hearts go out to the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary that has recently lost its primary ambassador wolf, Ashak. Everybody who visited the sanctuary in the last years or met them at a function will surely remember this most friendly, splendid wolf who did so much for bridging the perceived gap between people and wolves in South Africa. It truly is a sad loss…

I would like to draw your attention to a contribution by Frans Badenhorst on chipping, chips and scanners that sheds a lot of light on this subject. It was first published in HuskyRomi’s April newsletter and is reprinted here with permission.

A reader has brought to our attention an interesting snippet about canine research results that we have translated for you here, even though it does not (yet) directly relate to wolves. Why do dogs not respond with fear to venomous snakes? We have personally observed two such encounters, one with our two last Groenendaels many years ago, one of which entirely fearlessly killed an adult female rinkhals cobra, and one with Athaba I who had fun playing very skilfully with a baby rinkhals before I noticed, stepped in, caught the snake in my shoe, and released it in a safe place. Mind you, these cobras are short-fused and have a nasty venom.

A personal experience also makes up this month’s wolf tale, this one being retold from early childhood. Oh yeah, those big bad wolves…

To round it all off, Erin tells how she feels about winter while I am ticking off the days until it can be expected to be over.

If you have read it, please post a review of my book, A Houseful Headful of Wolves (German edition: Das Haus Den Kopf voller Wölfe), by following the link on SAFOW’s Facebook page  or directly at http://safow.org/book-review/ . It can be as short or long as you wish, in English or German, and you can remain completely anonymous. I really love to know how it comes across.

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:

Wolves in a Changing World

October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.

Register now

Location & Lodging:

Minneapolis Marriott Northwest
7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428
Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Early registration – $399.00* (– May 31, 2018)
  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more here.

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs here.

 Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long!  The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12.  All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.
SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Spring Break Camp 
SPRING SESSION: APRIL 3 – 6
For children entering grades 3 – 5  ​
Time: 9AM – 3PM
Fee: $300 per child for the 4-day program (Tuesday – Friday)
Information & registration HERE.

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the center home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration here.

Summer Internships for College Students

The Wolf Conservation Center is pleased to offer summer environmental education internship opportunities for college students! The environmental education internship is designed to expose interns to the field of conservation education and wildlife biology. Interns conduct a variety of education programs and assist with the daily operations of the WCC.

Information here.

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone (website)

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!
SUMMER FAMILY ADVENTURE: August 5 – 10, 2018: Details here.
FALL WILDLIFE ADVENTURE: September 8 – 13, 2018: Details here.

News from the Wolf Front

National

From the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary (Frans Badenhorst, wolfrescuesa@gmail.com)

HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary Newsletter April 2018

Don’t really know what to say or write, the loss of Ashak, our ambassador wolf, is a huge blow to me and, I know, to a lot of people out there. He was a part of so many lives, he even gave the engagement ring away to lots of couples. I don’t believe that there are many wolves in the world that had as much interaction with people as Ashak did. Thousands of photos have been taken of him, and he touched so many people in his life.

On the rescue scene we were alerted about two different wolves, one in Pretoria at a veterinary practice and one in KZN at a SPCA branch. Unfortunately neither considered HuskyRomi to be suitable alternative accommodation for the animals. I have heard that the one in KZN was pts, but do not know what happened to the one in Pretoria, because we could never manage to speak to anybody but the person answering the phone on that side and were told in no uncertain terms that the wolf had nothing to do with us or us with him. I can but hope that they did find him a home, but have a feeling that he was pts as well.

Late one Sunday afternoon earlier in the month, I received a message in my voice mail from a veterinary practice way on the other side of town in Sandton. As you know, we live in Roodepoort. The lady said that they had one of the wolves staying with us, Wahya, with them. He was picked up as a stray and taken in to them. Well, Wahya was lying right next to me, so I found this very strange. Unfortunately the practice was closed when I called back, so it had to wait for the next day. I just made sure in the meantime about all the information that I have on his microchip and requested an online copy of his registration certificate from Identipet as well. It turned out that somebody must have had numbers swapped or something in that line and that was how our detail was given to the practice. The poor stray animal was micro-chipped, but the chip number was not on the Identipet database, so either the owner never registered him, or the number was issued by a different company and therefore did not show up on the Identipet database. This caused me to look deeper into the microchip chaos in our country (and probably worldwide) with numerous animals running around with microchips that actually cannot be traced.

When Yiska came to stay with us, I immediately had him micro-chipped. The vet implanted a VirBac Backhome microchip and registered him on the Backhome database. I read an article about a batch of Backhome chips that could not be read, and being the paranoid being that I am, took him to a totally different vet just to have him scanned and the chip number confirmed. I also found out that Identipet has a countrywide database and that they are willing to register all microchips on their database, even if they are not Identipet chips. I immediately did that and paid for a lifelong membership with Identipet. When Wahya received his chip (at the same vet), it was a Five Star ID chip. This time I was given the chip detail and a website and told to register him myself. I did it, and also registered him on the Identipet database, paying for a lifelong membership. I originally thought that the type of microchip could be gathered from the chip number, but this is not so, meaning that an animal picked up with a chip from company A, cannot be traced unless the person doing the enquiry calls up company A. It seems to me that, because Identipet started this “universal” database, the vets tend to call them, and probably only them. They have a 24 hour hotline as well as a cell phone app (that I am struggling to get to work, seems to be more IOS friendly than Android). Apparently there are also a number of companies that supplied microchips in the past that have closed their doors and no longer operates. Nobody knows what happened to their databases.

A couple of things came out of this little incident and that is why I am rambling on about it. Firstly, please have your pets micro-chipped. Secondly, make sure that the vet scans the chip and that it corresponds with the number given to you. Then register your pet on the database of the company that supplied the chip (if the vet did not do it, but go and check), but also on the Identipet universal database. I am by no means trying to advertise Identipet, but while they have started delivering this service and with the information that I received, I really want to strongly recommend it. If your animal was chipped previously and you are not sure if the chip still works, or do not have the number, please have him or her scanned and then also register that chip number on the universal database. Then at least you know it will pop up on the primary enquiry should your pet ever be scanned.

The information on the database is not shared with anybody. All they give the vet or the rescuer when they query a number, is the name of the registered owner, the name of the animal, and the primary telephone number. Please also make sure that your phone number is up to date on the database. Only you can access your own information in full, and to get the names and phone number as stated, the person enquiring must be a registered vet or rescue organization and supply their registration number at the time of the request. I think that is safe enough for your pet’s security and worthwhile following up.

One more little thing I discovered. There are chip scanners available on the market that cannot read chips from other companies. I believe that most vets use either Backhome or Identipet scanners and as I read it, they are certified to read all chips currently available as well as the older chips with shorter numbers.

Take care and keep howling.
Frans.

Check out the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary’s Facebook page for more information. If you wish to subscribe to HuskyRomi’s monthly newsletter, mail Frans Badenhorst at wolfrescuesa@gmail.com and have yourself added to the mailing list. It’s FREE!

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: Wyoming wants to gun down 58 wolves

Wyoming is at it again.

Barely a year after Wyoming wolves lost Endangered Species Act protection, the state is proposing steep increases in the number of wolves allowed to be killed by hunters.

Defenders is going to do what it takes to stop this, but we need your help.

Your urgent donation will help protect Wyoming wolves and other vulnerable wildlife: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=HD48-qHvqwBEB8w8gaN8-w

It was just a year ago last month that a federal court stripped Wyoming’s wolves of Endangered Species Act protection. The court upheld a state plan that declares 84% of the state a “predator zone” where wolves can be hunted or trapped by anyone, at any time.

And wolves aren’t the only animals whose fate Wyoming is recklessly endangering. We recently wrote to you that the state is considering a proposal to allow up to 23 grizzly bears to be hunted in the greater Yellowstone region.

Help stop these outrageous attacks on carnivores like wolves and bears: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=3JTYUXbkCy8ZJe71gH9A-Q

With your help, Defenders is on the ground in Wyoming. We’re pressing state officials to reconsider their actions. With you at our side, we’re rallying conservationists to demand adequate safeguards for wolves and grizzly bears. And thanks to you, we’re keeping the issue of wolf and bear protection front and center as an issue in Wyoming.

Wolves and grizzly bears have no voice of their own. That’s why you and I must speak for them.

Your generous support means you are a full partner in the fight for wildlife protection: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=HaMgkhOOxyaV8fLMkZo4Zg

You know this is a treacherous time for wildlife conservation. And it’s especially treacherous for wolves, which continue to be the victims of outdated and ignorant mindsets.

The hopeful news is that most Americans believe in wildlife protections. And sooner or later, sanity will prevail. But in the meantime, it’s up to all of us do what we can.

Thank you in advance for your support.

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Wolfsschutz Deutschland on Facebook.

1. Germany: Wolf found shot dead in Pumpak territory – We offer a reward!

Neißeaue, 26.04.2018

On 13 April, our colleague Katarzyna, who is doing wolf research on the Polish side of the Lausitz in the vicinity of Ruszow, discovered the body of a wolf on the banks of the river Neiße. Polish and German police have started a manhunt.
The wolf was most probably shot at the beginning of April, over Easter. The locality is Dobrzyn (on the Polish side), at about the level of Steinbach, Ungunst, Lodenau (Rothenburg OL) on the German side. But this spot may not necessarily be the actual crime scene.
If anybody can provide relevant information, e.g., saw people with rifles along the Neiße or heard one or more shots being fired, please contact the police in Görlitz or Zgorzelec, or Alexander Januszkiewicz through the contact form on our website.
Information that will lead to the arrest of the perpetrator(s) will be rewarded by us (Wolfsschutz Deutschland and Dolnoslaskie Towarzystwo Ochrony Wilkow) with Euro 2000.

We really hope that our reward will contribute to having one of these criminal poachers arrested eventually.
Other than that, we ask you to support this new film project. https://www.gofundme.com/Menschen-fuer-woelfe and to please sign our new petition in which we demand to end hobby hunting: www.change.org/wolfsschutz 

From Center for Biological Diversity via Change.org (change@mail.change.org)

New Petition: Stop Trophy Hunting

Thank you for signing our petition to save wolves by keeping them protected under the Endangered Species Act. We thought you might like to know about our latest petition: we’re trying to end trophy hunting of wolves, grizzlies and elephants. Below is a link to that petition. Thank for your support, and for standing up for wildlife.

Trump’s putting bears, wolves and elephants in the crosshairs of trophy hunters.

Yellowstone’s grizzlies had been safe from trophy hunters for the past 40 years. But last summer Trump stripped them of their Endangered Species Act protection. Now state officials in Wyoming are dead set on letting trophy hunters gun down 24 grizzlies that wander out of the national park. More than half of them could be females, including those pregnant with cubs.

No wild creature should ever be caught in the crosshairs of an AR-15. It’s all part of a trigger-happy culture that fetishizes the thrill-killing of endangered wildlife.

It has to end.

One of Trump’s first acts as president was allowing trophy hunters in Alaska’s national wildlife refuges to slaughter wolves and their pups where they slept, and to bait bears out into the open so they could shoot them from airplanes. Trump has also refused a full-on ban of elephant trophy imports — a step that’s vital to ending the savage killing that’s put elephants on the path toward extinction.

The Center for Biological Diversity is fighting the cruel laws that allow this kind of brutality — and we’re challenging the sick mentality glorified by Trump’s administration and anti-wildlife agencies.

We simply can’t allow grizzlies, wolves, elephants and other wild animals to be thrill-killed into extinction. Wildlife belongs in the wild, not hanging over a fireplace or on a living-room floor.

Join our resistance — sign our petition to stop the slaughter of wildlife being hunted for their heads and skins.

Please sign here.

From Change.org (Salty Dog via Change.org [change@mail.change.org])

USA: Why Trophy Hunters are essentially Cowards

“There is no coming to consciousness without pain. People will do anything, no matter how absurd, in order to avoid facing their own Soul. One does not become enlightened by imagining figures of light, but by making the darkness conscious.”

This quote by Carl.G. Jung outlines the character flaw of trophy-hunters and what Under Armour is deliberately cashing in on, with no hesitation or remorse whatsoever:
Fear of facing their own self, of looking at oneself to see how one can grow as a human being, on how to become a valuable member of society.
Soldiers, policemen, fire fighters, etc, know that they put themselves in harm’s way when they choose their careers, that’s why this is considered noble.
Not so the trophy-hunters, they kill animals for their own perceived glory, be that an animal carcass, the thrill of the rush of having killed something alive, as well as the recognition from fellow trophy-hunters.
They are attention-whores, that’s why they pose with the carcasses, grinning ostentatiously.
They kill from a safe distance without putting themselves in harm’s way; they chase cheap thrills, meaningless accumulations of material and emotional content, i.e. trophies. Self-absorbed children in adult bodies.

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Ten Rare Red Wolf Pups Born at the WCC

Fewer than 30 Remain in the Wild

Mother’s Day came early this year at the Wolf Conservation Center!

Red wolf F2121 (affectionately nicknamed Charlotte) gave birth to four pups during the afternoon of April 19 and were followed by six pups, born to a different mother (red wolf F1858 or Veronica), just hours later.

With high pitch peeps and squeals, the adorable new residents announced their debut to a global community of onlookers via the WCC’s network of live webcams.

Beyond being cute, the pocket-sized predators represent the WCC’s active participation in an effort to save a species from extinction.

While the WCC has been a vocal and visible advocate in trying to protect and preserve critically endangered red wolves, the center is also active in physically safeguarding representatives of the rare species that have been entrusted to its care.

The WCC is one of 43 facilities in the U.S. participating in the Red Wolf Species Survival Plan (SSP) – a breeding and management program whose primary purpose is to support the reestablishment of red wolves in the wild through captive breeding, public education, and research.

Red wolves, native to the south-eastern United States, were almost driven to extinction by intensive predator control programs and habitat loss.

In 1980, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) captured the last wild red wolves (just 14 animals) and declared the species extinct in the wild.

In 1987, USFWS released the first captive red wolves in North Carolina’s Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge as part of a federal reintroduction program under the aegis of the Endangered Species Act.

Although the red wolf recovery program once served as a model for successful recovery of wolves, political barriers and consistent mismanagement by the USFWS have seriously threatened the continued existence of this highly imperilled species. In its most recent proposal announced in September of 2016, the agency called to remove most of the last wild red wolves to put them in captivity. Beyond effectively undermining decades of wild red wolf recovery, scientists warn that USFWS’s proposal “will no doubt result in the extinction of red wolves in the wild.”

Current estimates put the wild population at the lowest level in decades, down from 130 just four years ago to fewer than 30 today.

Donate today here.

 

2.Wolf Conservation Center ‘Dencam’ Captures Birth of Rare Mexican Gray Wolf Pups!

After welcoming two litters of critically endangered red wolf pups less than two weeks ago, the Wolf Conservation Center is celebrating the arrival of critically endangered Mexican gray wolf pups as well: more info here.

On April 30, first-time parent F1505 (affectionately nicknamed Trumpet for her loud squeals upon her birth in 2016) welcomed three pups. Following in their mother’s footsteps, the noisy newborns entered the world amongst a chorus of sounds. “Trumpet’s solo act has grown into an orchestra of growls, yips, and peeps,” said Regan Downey, WCC Education Director. “The squeaky sounds are not only adorable, but are so rarely heard on the wild landscape.”
There are only 114 wild Mexican gray wolves living in the United States, so every new arrival represents a priceless contribution to the recovery the rare and at-risk species.

The WCC is one of more than 50 institutions in the U.S. and Mexico participating in the Mexican Wolf Species Survival Plan – a bi-national initiative whose primary purpose is to support the reestablishment of Mexican wolves in the wild through captive breeding, public education, and research.

Because the entire existing Mexican wolf population descended from just seven founders rescued from extinction, genetic health is the primary consideration governing not only reproductive pairings but also captive-to-wild release efforts. Although both components are equally critical to Mexican wolf recovery, release events are far less frequent than successful breeding.
In recent positive steps toward recovery, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) has been ushering genetically diverse captive wolf pups into the wilds of Arizona and New Mexico through its pup cross-fostering initiative. Cross-fostering is a coordinated event where captive-born pups are introduced into a similar-aged wild litter so the pups can grow up as wild wolves.
The Mexican wolf newborns, who will not be able to open their eyes for a week or so, are not eligible for wild-foster due to their litter size.
“Although we hoped pups from our center would receive the ‘call of the wild’,” said WCC Curator Rebecca Bose, “We’re elated that there have been foster events from other facilities this year! Cross-fostering is an incredibly effective tool for augmenting the genetic health of the wild population.”
“Maybe next year some lobo pups from the WCC will get this amazing opportunity,” said Maggie Howell, WCC Executive Director. “In the meantime, we’re counting on USFWS to continue with releases beyond pup season because recovery demands releasing more family groups into the wild too.”
The wolf parents and pups are not on public exhibit, but thirteen live webcams, available on the WCC website, invite an unlimited number of viewers to enter the private lives of these elusive creatures.

Join them now via live webcam.

  1. Ambassador Wolf Milestone – It’s Atka’s Sweet 16

License to Thrill (and Educate)

Today Ambassador Wolf Atka turns 16 years old!
The confident and charismatic ambassador has won the hearts and opened the minds of hundreds of thousands of people throughout his storied career.

Although Atka retired from his career as a travelling Ambassador a couple of years ago, he continues to interact with advocates around the world. In May 2017, Atka created his own email account (atka@nywolf.org) and has welcomed a steady stream of passionate emails ever since! He’s Skyped with a budding scientist in Mexico, chatted with conservationists in Europe, and has received fan mail from all seven continents – even Antarctica!
And now with his own set of wheels, his reach knows no bounds! Happy Sweet 16, Atka! We love you!

Thank you, Atka, for allowing the world to form lasting connections with not only you but your wild kin as well!

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – April 1-30, 2018

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project) activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf. For information on the FAIR call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit wmatoutdoors.org.

Past updates may be viewed on these websites. Interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically by visiting azgfd.com and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the web page.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose. The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AZGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH or www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/RWL.cfm

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: the Alpine wolf office at (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office at (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 388-4385 ext. 226. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update
In April 2018, The U.S. District Court of Arizona issued an adverse decision on the revised 10(j) rule litigation, remanding the 2015 10(j) rule to the USFWS. The 2015 10(j) rule will remain in effect for the foreseeable future until the completion of this litigation.

On April 5, staff from the USFWS presented at the Arizona tribal/FWS coordination meeting. Management of Mexican wolves on tribal land was discussed.

From April 9-12, staff from USFWS, AZGFD and New Mexico Department of Game and Fish attended the annual Trilateral committee meeting for wildlife and ecosystem conservation between the United States, Mexico and Canada. Staff presented to the Committee and attended management sessions that were held on Mexican wolf recovery.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) are used to indicate wolves younger than 24 months.  A lower case letter “p” preceding the number is used to indicate a wolf pup born in the most recent spring. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. Studbook numbers listed in the monthly update denote wolves with functioning radio collars. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS
The IFT completed the annual year-end population survey which started November 1, 2017 and concluded with helicopter count and capture operations conducted from January 24, 2018 through February 3, 2018. The year-end minimum population count for 2017 was 114 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico.  Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups).  Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.  At the end of April, there were 75 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

IN ARIZONA:
Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338,AF1335, M1676, AND f1683)
In April, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF), and occasionally documented on the SCAR.  Yearling female 1683 continued to make dispersal movements north and east of Bear Wallow’s traditional territory, but frequently rejoined the pack. Alpha female 1335 exhibited behavior and movements consistent with denning.

Bluestem Pack (collared f1686)
In April, the IFT documented Bluestem in the pack’s traditional territory in the central portion of the ASNF.  Yearling female 1686 has been exhibiting localized behavior and movements suggesting that AF1042, which has a non-functioning collar, may have denned.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, f1668, m1671)
In April, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the northeastern portion of the ASNF.  This month, two neonatal pups born in captivity at the Endangered Wolf Center were cross-fostered by the IFT into the Elk Horn den. The IFT initiated a supplemental food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort and to reduce the potential for livestock-related conflict.  The Elk Horn Pack continued to display behavior consistent with denning after the cross-foster operation was conducted.

Frieborn Pack (collared AF1443 and AM1447)
In April, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and New Mexico.  This month, two neonatal pups born in captivity at the Endangered Wolf Center were cross-fostered by the IFT into the Frieborn den.  The IFT initiated a supplemental food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort and to reduce the potential for livestock-related conflict.  The Frieborn Pack exhibited behavior and movements consistent with denning after the cross-foster operation was conducted.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, m1666, m1677 and m1681)
In April, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the northeastern portion of the ASNF.  The IFT hazed the Hoodoo Pack several times this month in the Nutrioso area to deter them from frequenting areas with residences.  At the end of the month, the IFT initiated a diversionary food cache to reduce potential for conflict.  The Hoodoo Pack displayed behavior consistent with denning within their traditional territory during April.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)
In April, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (F1339, AM1382 and M1574)
In April, the Panther Creek Pack was located in their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  Alpha Female 1339 and AM1382 have joined up and have been documented travelling as a pair.  Sub-adult M1574 has been travelling separately from the pack.

Pine Spring Pack (collared AF1562 and AM1394)
In April, the Pine Spring Pack was located within their territory in the north central portion of the ASNF.  The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pair to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Pine Spring Pack displayed behavior consistent with denning within their territory during April.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared AF1488 and AM1471)
In April, the Prime Canyon Pack was documented travelling within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  Alpha female 1488 has been exhibiting behavior and movements consistent with denning behavior.

Saffel Pack (collared AM1441, AF1567, m1661, and m1680)
In April, the Saffel Pack was located in their traditional territory in the northeastern portion of the ASNF.  The Saffel Pack displayed behavior consistent with denning within their traditional territory during April.

 

Sierra Blanca Pack (collared M1571 and F1550)
In April, F1550 of the Hoodoo Pack had localized in the east central portion of the ASNF and has been consistently documented travelling with M1571 formerly of the Diamond Pack.  This pair has been documented travelling together and maintaining a territory for over three months and have been named the Sierra Blanca Pack.

Single collared M1477
In April, M1477 was documented in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared F1489
In April, F1489 was documented travelling in the north central portion of the ASNF
ON THE FAIR:
Baldy Pack (collared AM1347, F1560, and m1672)
In April, the Baldy Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR and the north central portion of the ASNF.

Tsay o Ah Pack (collared M1343, AF1283, f1674)
In April, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.
Tu dil hil Pack (collared M1559 and F1679)
In April, M1559 and F1679 were assigned a pack name (Tu dil hil) after three months of travelling together.  They were documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:
Copper Creek Pack
During April, the Copper Creek Pack was not located.  Currently there are no functioning collars in this pack.  Single M1673 was documented travelling within the Copper Creek territory in April.  The IFT is monitoring this to determine if it has joined the pack.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared AF1456 and M1354)
During April, the Dark Canyon Pack was documented travelling together within their traditional territory, in the west central portion of the GNF.

Datil Mountain Pack (collared M1453 and F1685)
During April, F1685 has continued to travell with M1453 in the western portion of the CNF for a period of three months, and the pair is now considered the Datil Mountain Pack.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038 and F1473)
During April, AM1038, formerly of the Hawks Nest Pack, has continued to travell with F1473 in north central portions of the GNF for a period of three months. The pair is now considered the Hawks Nest Pack. The IFT documented behavior consistent with denning in mid-April.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240,  AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)
During April, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.

Lava Pack (collared AF1405 and AM1285)
During April, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the southeastern portion of the GNF.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293 and AF1346)
During April, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158,  AF1487, and fp1684)
During April, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT maintained a food cache for the Luna Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict.  In late-April, the Luna pack displayed behavior consistent with denning.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and f1664)
During April, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the northwestern portion of the GNF.  The Mangas Pack displayed behavior consistent with denning within their traditional territory. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for the Mangas Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, F1565, m1669, and m1678)
During April, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The Prieto Pack displayed behavior consistent with denning within their traditional territory.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and f1578)
During April, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT documented behavior consistent with denning for the San Mateo Pack in late April.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (AM1284, AF1553, mp1667, and fp1682)
During April, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  AM1284, mp1667 and fp1682 were not located in April.  In late-April, the SBP Pack displayed behavior consistent with denning.

Single collared AM1155
During April, AM1155 of the old Morgart’s Pack was not located by the IFT.

Single collared M1486 
During April, M1486 travelled throughout the northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared M1561
During April, M1561 dispersed into Arizona and continued to make wide dispersal movements on both the ASNF and Coconino National Forests.

Single collared M1673
During April, M1673 travelled throughout the southern portion of the GNF.

MORTALITIES
There were no mortalities documented in April.

INCIDENTS
During the month of April, there were 12 confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock.  There were 5 nuisance incidents investigated in April. From January 1 to April 30, 2018 there have been a total of 29 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in New Mexico and 11 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in Arizona.

On April 2, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 2, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf was stillborn.

On April 4, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow died of natural causes.

On April 4, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf was a coyote kill.

On April 5, the IFT took a report of wolves located near an occupied dwelling and livestock in Catron County, NM.  The IFT and Wildlife Services investigated the incident. The IFT provided less than lethal training and rounds to the reporting party.

On April 6, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 7, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 9 and 10, the IFT received reports of two elk killed by wolves in the Nutrioso, AZ area. Both of the elk carcasses were removed by the IFT to eliminate any further attractant to wolves returning to areas with a concentration of residences.  The IFT resumed efforts to haze wolves that entered the Nutrioso area and focused hazing efforts during nighttime hours. The IFT provided less than lethal training and rounds to five residents in Nutrioso to use to haze wolves if wolves were observed near residences on private property.

On April 11, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the bull was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 17, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 18, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the bull was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 19, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 19, Wildlife Service investigated a dead calf in Socorro County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was killed by a coyote.

On April 21, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 21, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 23, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a coyote kill.

On April 24, the IFT received a report of an elk killed by wolves in Auger Canyon near a residence and that three wolves were observed feeding on the carcass. The IFT determined from GPS points that the Hoodoo Pack had location points on the elk kill.

On April 27, the IFT received a report of an elk having been killed by wolves approximately 250 yards from the nearest residence in Nutrioso.  The elk was removed from the location. A diversionary food cache was started near the Hoodoo Pack den to mitigate wolves hunting and killing elk in proximity to houses.  Members of the Hoodoo Pack have been using the diversionary food cache regularly. The IFT maintained a presence in the Nutrioso area in effort to haze wolves if they returned to the valley and to visit with residents to provide self-help information on what to do if a wolf was encountered.  The IFT has taken management action in this situation due to the wolves’ repeated use of areas in close proximity to homes. It is important to note that the wolves have not been remaining in the community during the day and on the few occasions when encountered by people, the wolves have run away.

On April 27, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 27, Wildlife Services investigated an injured calf in Greenlee County, AZ.  The investigation determined the calf was injured by a bear.

On April 30, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined that the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION
On April 5, WMAT presented to Arizona health professionals in Hon-Dah, AZ

On April 10, WMAT presented on KNNB radio in Whiteriver, AZ.

On April 14, USFWS personnel presented to a group at the Phoenix Zoo.

On April 25, USFWS and AZGFD presented at a meeting held in Springerville hosted by Apache County.

PROJECT PERSONNEL
The USFWS welcomed two new volunteers in March and two in April to the program. During this time, three other volunteers completed their volunteer commitment with the USFWS, moving on to other career opportunities and experiences. Thanks for all your hard work and dedication!

Other News

National

From SanWild Wildlife Trust (lizel=sanwild.org@mail173.suw14.mcdlv.net); on behalf of; SanWild Wildlife Trust (lizel@sanwild.org)

In Loving Memory of Louise Joubert Founder of SanWild

Losing the pillar & a mother everyone leaned on, has meant huge adjustments for everyone involved with SanWild. We are doing what we can to pull together and continue the dream and vision she had.
The animals she saved depend on us to ensure they are fed and cared for. The immediate need is as always the lions and to continue to be able to put out Teff & Lucerne. With 11 lions to feed it is a costly part of the ongoing financial need.
If there are any companies or individuals who would like to sponsor either a lion or a pride on an ongoing basis please do let us know. We are registered as a public benefit organization, which means that donations from within South Africa are fully tax deductible.
We greatly appreciate your support to help continue Louise’s dream through the Memorial Fund, you can donate via the PayPal portal or if you would like to make a direct deposit the banking details are as follows:
Account holder:SanWild Trust
Bank:ABSA
Branch: Danie Joubert Street, Tzaneen,0850.
Bank account nr: 911 122 1180
Branch Code: 334349
Swift Code: ABSAZAJJ
IBAN CODE: ZA632005
Reference: name/memorial fund
Please do email us so we can record your donation or if you have any queries, lizel@sanwild.org

Personally, I would like to thank each and everyone that has contacted me about the passing of my mom. It is amazing to see how many people she touched through the amazing work she has done.
I won’t lie, it is very difficult for me to accept that my mom, is not just a phone call away anymore…and the pain of losing her is still very raw and the emptiness unbearable, but she would have wanted us to be strong and protect what she has build and fought for, for so many years, and that is each and every animal that has found their forever home at SanWild.

My mom had so much knowledge and was so driven, a one in a million type of women that I am very proud of. I might not have all the knowledge that she had but I shared her passion and so did all the other trustees and so many supporters and friends of her and SanWild and through that, WE WILL do everything to keep SanWild up and running.
Please bare with me if I do not get to everyone’s messages right away but please know I will answer everyone soonest.
Thank you for all your support, this really means allot to us.
Kind regards
Lizel Kachelhoffer

Next Door

 From Johnny Rodrigues (newsletter@zimconservationtaskforce.com)

ZCTF Update -April 20th

Yes, you are not dreaming – Johnny is back with his ZCTF reports from Zimbabwe.

Johnny, welcome back – with really missed you!

The previous First Lady, Grace Mugabe, is under investigation for smuggling and exportation of ivory, gold and diamonds out of Zimbabwe. Investigators only touched the tip of the iceberg as it is believed that Ms. Mugabe started smuggling as early as 2005 while serving in her role as First Lady.  Ms. Mugabe had a history of being very friendly with one of the female Chinese Nationals and it is of our opinion that they were likely working together.

ZCTF believes that the investigation into Ms. Mugabe’s alleged smuggling activities should be carried out by an independent agency. We have been following the practices of CIO airport security for a number of years. It is possible that under Ms. Mugabe’s instruction, ivory was smuggled onto planes that flew directly to China under the watchful eye of airport “security.”

After the investigation takes place, if Ms. Mugabe and other senior members of government are found guilty or involved in the smuggling of ivory, they should be prosecuted and brought to justice. Monies derived from the sale of ivory and wildlife should be confiscated and repaid to the National Parks.

The Professional Hunters (PH) fraternity of Zimbabwe lost all ethics of hunting when they killed collared wildlife. Ethical considerations fell to the wayside during the previous regime due to corruption and greed. The death of the big tusked elephant in Gonarezhou can be added to the increasing list of collared animals killed by trophy hunters to include Cecil and Xanda among others. There are too many conflicting reports offered up by researchers, safari operators, hunters and people responsible for collaring the wildlife.  A Memorandum of Understanding between hunters, safari operators and researchers should state that any collared animal should not be shot, killed or disturbed in any manner. People involved in hunting a collared animal should be penalized appropriately to deter others from committing similar actions.

The Professional Hunter involved with the recent killing of the collared big tusked elephant is part owner of the Three Monkeys Restaurant in Victoria Falls. We believe this restaurant is a lucrative business that serves a wide variety of exotic meat and steaks. The procurement and source of the meat served leaves the ZCTF highly suspicious, as no matter what you order in the way of steaks and or meat, they seem to have it. People should be aware that in many instances they are eating wildlife.

ZCTF just learned that four lions and ten hyenas have been captured for export to China. These numbers are in addition to the eighteen hyenas and ten lions exported earlier to China. China placed a new order for an additional 200 baby elephants. The new order for 200 baby elephants is in addition to the outstanding order of 100 baby elephants that remain to be captured. This is NOT conservation.

Earlier in February, four crocodiles were captured in Hwange to be exported to China. This capture occurred under the new President. It appears nothing much has changed at this point. Perhaps positive changes for conservation will happen with the election of a new democratic government.

In addition to the loss of wildlife due to poaching and hunting; habitat loss is at an all-time high through deforestation. Trees, indigenous to Zimbabwe, are being felled. These trees and timber are being exported out of Zimbabwe to China. This has to stop.

CITES gave their constitution, governing rules and regulations to the world.  Too many regulations are being broken and ignored in Africa. Nothing is being done. Where is CITES as the habitats and wildlife are being pillaged in Africa?

See our  new ZCTF Video –  Click Here To Watch

 Please feel free to contact me: 

Johnny Rodrigues at ZCTF: Phone: 351 962 064 646 

Email- Admin1@zimconservationtaskforce.com 

Skype: Johnny Rodrigues44  

International

Nothing to report.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

How do Wolves react to venomous snakes?
Why are dogs not scared of snakes?
by Jan Dönges

Most people shun contact with snakes, even if they have never made bad experiences with reptiles. This instinctive aversion is probably an evolutionary artefact of our past and meant to protect us from dangerous strikes. With dogs, it is a different story entirely: Much to the distress of their owners, they will often approach a snake without any partiality. In Europe, the common adder may pose a risk to them occasionally, but in the US, thousands of strikes, mainly by rattlesnakes, are recorded every year.

Curiosity is the driving force behind how these encounters play out, that is what a team of researchers headed by Michele Mulholland from the California State University in San Marcos thinks. Their experiments even demonstrated that the scent of a venomous snake was more attractive to dogs than that of a harmless one.

Their publication in the journal Applied Animal Behaviour Science describes how a total of 117 domestic dogs responded to four different scent samples and inspected them. These samples had been created by placing a mouse, a slug, a non-venomous snake represented by a boa constrictor, and a venomous rattlesnake on sheets of newspaper until their scents had been transferred to them. While the mouse scent was clearly the most attractive one to the dogs, it also showed that the scent of the venomous reptile was more attractive than that of the harmless one. The scent of the slug attracted the least interest.

To find out whether the dogs experienced fear when they sniffed the samples, it was recorded by which nostril they inspected the individual scents. The background for this is results from previous studies that indicated that dogs will analyse scents suggesting danger primarily with the right nostril and thus with the right side of the brain. In the current experiments, however, the dogs took in all scents with both nostrils, suggesting they did not experience fear.

These results are enigmatic from a perspective of evolutionary biology. Why do dogs lack an inheritent fear of snakes even though strikes from venomous ones have been harming them on a regular basis? Dogs, and their wild ancestors, have had contact with snakes forever, which means they had enough time to develop and genetically embed an appropriate protection mechanism. Has this mechanism perhaps been subsequently lost during the thousands of years of domestication?

Answers could possibly be found in a follow-up experiment using wolves. Should these not be afraid of snakes either, then it might be presumed that these reptiles do not pose too much of a threat to them after all. A wild wolf may also be much more careful in an encounter with a snake than a wired dog intent on playing. Alternatively, the answer might lie with the snakes: Being ambush hunters, they depend on not giving away their presence by their scent, neither to their prey nor to their predators. They might therefore mask constituents in their scents that may be detected as warning signals by other animals. This type of chemical camouflage has already been demonstrated to exist in the case of the African puffadder.

The question that for now remains to be answered is: How do wolves respond to venomous snakes?

The full article can be found here.

Or in the German Journal Spektrum der WissenschaftMade available by Dipl.-Biol. Birgit Rödder, www.catility.deTranslated here from German

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 150

Mother Wolf Lassie
by ISMA

I would like to share the true story as a salute to my “mother wolf Lassie”.

I was born in Germany and had a nanny in my first early years. Her husband was a captain on a big ship.

Around 1950, he brought a wolf baby back from one of his journeys. This wolf was raised with a lot of problems and a lot of love. In 1958, I was living in their house and the wolf called Lassie was a good friend of mine. I was 2 years old and one day I crawled into the house of the wolf in the garden, enjoying her scent and beautiful eyes, and I eventually fell asleep lying behind her. My poor nanny was looking for me for a long time. She wondered why Lassie did not come out of her house until she discovered that I was lying behind her. She couldn’t touch me and all she could do was wait. When I woke up I crawled outside and Lassie followed me. The heart of my Nanny stood almost still when she saw us both. An unusual friendship began. I walked with her, slept with her, and I loved her very much.

I will never forget her beautiful eyes and the last time I saw her before she died, her golden green eyes full of wisdom and love.

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

Winter has arrived – the days are still pleasantly warm, but the nights speak another language. It’s a bit early for my taste, but who cares about my opinion?

With the days getting shorter and shorter the pack is also preparing for wintertime, coming into the house much earlier now in the evenings, cuddling up on the couches, sleeping longer in the mornings, and demanding bigger rations of food.

Today the weather is very strange; we woke up to hardly any daylight, only 11 ºC and pouring rain. The furry kids just lifted their heads, peeked out of the window and decided it was the right weather for stay in bed. They have my full sympathy and I wish I could also just sleep the day away, but unfortunately human day schedule does not care about the weather. Ted and I had to get up, wrap up in warm clothes and start to go about our business with an envious look at the kids curling up on the bed, closing their eyes, and not giving a damn.

I don’t mind the late rain, for it actually saves me the extra work of watering the garden, but I hate this dimmed grey light with not a hint of sunshine and the cold temperatures. I’m not made for winter, hehe.

Otherwise we are all fine and healthy, and when I think about it, it could be worse – it could be snowing…

Will be continued…

Volume 13, Issue 162, April 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 162, April 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

Here comes another big fat newsletter. Wolf news from around the world make up the bulk, but for a change, there are some positive news from the US. It doesn’t mean, of course, that this section would be free of crass bad and even outright perverse news. The Horror Clown plays a key role here as well. As always, I can only recommend you read through it for yourself to know what’s going on on this poor planet.

We also have a write-up on the wolves in Oregon, and a short story worth reading. Erin updates us on her pack, this time illustrating a musical facet.

And lastly a short reminder that there is also news regarding my own book, A Houseful Headful of Wolves (German edition: Das Haus Den Kopf voller Wölfe), in that there are now links on SAFOW’s Facebook page and on the SAFOW website  for submitting book reviews: http://safow.org/book-review/. Here you can post a short review in English or German without even having to register. We are looking forward to receiving your reviews because we really want to know your thoughts on this book.

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:

Wolves in a Changing World

October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.

Register now

Location & Lodging:

Minneapolis Marriott Northwest
7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428
Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Early registration – $399.00* (– May 31, 2018)
  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more here.

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs.

 Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long!  The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12.  All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.
SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Spring Break Camp 
SPRING SESSION: APRIL 3 – 6
For children entering grades 3 – 5  ​
Time: 9AM – 3PM
Fee: $300 per child for the 4-day program (Tuesday – Friday)
Information & registration HERE.

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the center home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration here.

Summer Internships for College Students

The Wolf Conservation Center is pleased to offer summer environmental education internship opportunities for college students! The environmental education internship is designed to expose interns to the field of conservation education and wildlife biology. Interns conduct a variety of education programs and assist with the daily operations of the WCC.

Information here.

 

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone (website)

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!

SUMMER FAMILY ADVENTURE: August 5 – 10, 2018: Details here.

FALL WILDLIFE ADVENTURE: September 8 – 13, 2018: Details here.

News from the Wolf Front

National

From the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary (newsletter February 2018; Frans Badenhorst, wolfrescuesa@gmail.com)

We are happy to report that wolf Philly has survived the Rinkhals bite, and that a log cabin has been build in the sanctuary for those who don’t like to sleep in a tent. It has two single beds, light and much more, which will be very nice in winter.

There is a new limited Destiny bumper sticker available with a picture of Seth; contact the Husky Romi Wolf Sanctuary to get one; only 100 will be printed.

Check out the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary’s Facebook page for more information here.

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: Lobos celebrate 20 years back in the wild

In 1998, I was in Alpine, Arizona as we released 11 Mexican gray wolves, or lobos, into the wild for the first time since they had been wiped out in the mid-1970s. Tomorrow marks 20 years since that fateful day – a day filled with so much hope for lobos.

It’s a day I am happy I can share just a little bit with you now – through this short video.

As I reflect on the unforgettable memories of that day, and look at where we are now, I see that despite our high hopes as we began this journey, this incredible wolf species continues to face an uncertain future.

It’s clear that lobos still need our help – and our commitment – to fully recover in the wild.

That’s why I wanted to share this short video about the lobo with you, so that you might be as inspired to protect these animals as I am: Take action.

Today just 114 wolves are found in the Southwest United States. Their future depends on more wolf reintroductions, greater connectivity with populations in Mexico and habitat expansion into the Rockies and the Grand Canyon – all things their new “recovery plan” fails to deliver.

Releasing those wolves 20 years ago was truly a once-in-a-lifetime experience. It was remarkable to see them begin their journey to reclaim the land they once roamed. I knew then – as I do now – that I will do whatever it takes to see them thrive again and I know you will too.

Help us make Mexican gray wolf recovery one of the greatest wildlife success stories of our time: Take action.

 

  1. USA: 20 years in: Are lobos losing the fight?

It was supposed to be a Cinderella story, but 20 years after their reintroduction into the wild, the recovery of Mexican gray wolves is far from its fairytale ending.

Mexican gray wolves are down, but not out. Help us give them the ending they deserve: Take action.

In 1998, I found myself in Alpine, Arizona opening the crates that would give Mexican gray wolves – or lobos – a new lease on life. It was remarkable to play a role in bringing lobos back to the American landscape. But I knew even in that moment of pure joy, they faced a tough road ahead.

Today their population continues to struggle to find a foothold. Political ill-will and illegal killings – the number one threat to lobos – still plague the species’ recovery. Just last month, two lobos were found dead in Arizona – a male and a female.

Lobos are on a collision course with disaster. We need your urgent support to give lobos the future they were promised: Help save Lobos.

This could be the defining moment for the future of Mexican gray wolves.

With their numbers in the wild hovering just above 100, lobos remain one of the most endangered mammals in North America.

In order for lobos to have a fighting chance, more wolves need to be introduced into the wild, they need greater connectivity with populations in Mexico and opportunities to expand their habitat into the Rockies and the Grand Canyon. Tragically, their new fatally-flawed “recovery plan” fails to address these needs – and the proposed construction of a border wall would only make their situation more dire.

Help us turn the tide for lobos facing potential disaster: Take action.

Defenders is suing the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service over their “Mexican gray wolf recovery plan” that would tip the scales toward ruin.

We won’t give up on the promise made 20 years ago when lobos were restored to the wild. Defenders is fighting for lobos – just as we always have – but the challenges are mounting and we need more help than ever before.

Will you answer the call for lobos caught in the crosshairs? Take action.

Their recovery is achievable and I know it will happen, but we are going to have to continue to fight hard for these amazing animals.

  1. USA: A major victory for wolves!

Yesterday a federal judge decided in our favor and forcefully rejected the catastrophic Mexican gray wolf management rules written by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

This is a major victory for lobos – and we couldn’t have done it without the help of supporters like you!

The judge squarely decided that the management rules unlawfully imposed roadblocks to the recovery of Mexican gray wolves (or lobos), arbitrarily imposed population caps, blocked lobos from accessing habitat necessary for their recovery and made it easier to kill them in the wild.

This decision is an important next step for lobos’ continued recovery. And we have you to thank for it – because without your support we couldn’t have made it this far. But the fight isn’t over.

Help Defenders continue our work to restore lobos and other imperiled species here.

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Wolfsschutz Deutschland on Facebook.

1. Germany: Wolf cubs in Thuringia shot by order of the government. Please help!

Once again German politic has dissociated itself from law and order and taken guidance from the interests of lobbyists. In Thuringia, three of the six hybrid pups were shot, although they should actually have been captured and moved to the Alternativer Bärenpark (“Alternative Bear Park”). We could have lived with this solution, even if this decision was marked by hysteria rather than reasonable management of wild animals.

These six hybrid cups were said to be a threat to the “pure breeding” of Germany’s wolves – and this in our country? A “threat” to “pure breeding” is, from an arithmetically point of view alone, almost impossible. The reproduction rate of our wolves is still below 30%, which means in other words that most of the pups do not even reach their second year of age.

According to the media, this whole exercise has cost the tax payer about Euro 100,000, and furthermore they stated:
“The animals were captured by a contracted trapper, who had placed baits on the army training grounds Ohrdruf to lure the animals into snares. They were then shot by hunters whose identities are kept secret by the ministry.”

This passage was later removed from the online report, but if this statement is true, and there are indications that they, it would be a genuine scandal. Why shoot the pups dead if they already had a place in the bear park?

We from Wolfsschutz Deutschland (Wolf Protection Germany) have laid charges against minister Siegesmund and the unidentified shooters, because hybrid pups are as strictly protected by law as are “true” wolves.
You can read more here.

Every citizen can lay charges at no costs against the minister and the shooters here.

You can also find updated information in our Facebook group here.

 

  1. The surviving wolf cubs are to be shot, too. Here is how you can help!

Three of the wolf hybrid pups were shot last week, now the surviving three are to follow. The Thuringian minister for Environmental Affairs, Siegesmund, sees herself in the right and states that they have permission from the DBB-Wolf (www.dbb-wolf.de), but we have laid charges against her. The DBB-Wolf is made up of the Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, the federal agency for Nature Conservation Senckenberg and Leibnitz institution, as well as the LUPUS institution, which is financed by the Saxon Ministry for Agriculture, the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, the Federal Forest Administration, and IFAW. One could therefore be so naughty as to claim that they have given permission for the shooting to themselves. The fact of the matter is that not one single independent institution in Germany is responsible for wolves.

There have always been hybrids, a fact that is also stated in a brand-new publication by the Senckenberg Institute. Even whales ignore “racist laws”, as you can read here.
Instead of shooting the black Thuringian wolf pups, Thuringian politics should rather ensure that dog owners won’t let their dogs roam free in Ohrdruf without being heavily fined.

Unfortunately laying charges against the minister will not protect the remaining three pups from being shot; for that an emergency appeal or restraining order were necessary. But such a court order can only be obtained by recognized environmental associations, which have the right to sue. This is a very complicated right, and the associations that would like to lay charges are not allowed to do so, and the ones that are allowed don’t want to do it. We would therefore like to support a small environmental association to save the hybrid pups. The media have published an article about that, but the reason why it is so difficult to find a cooperative partner has not been mentioned: details here.

NABU Thuringia have told us that they preferred if we did not mention that the Thuringia NABU-collaborator did not support the “killing” of the pups but the “removal” – how cynical is that: so far all “removed” wolves ended up dead.

We appeal to the common sense and the compassion of minister Siegesmund. Please, let the remaining hybrid pups live.
Please send your appeals via mail to: info@anja-siegesmund.de

From Change.org (Heather L. via Change.org (change@mail.change.org)

USA: Appropriations Bill Passed Without Anti-Lobo Rider!

Victory! The anti-lobo rider was not included within the Omnibus Appropriations Bill when it was passed by Congress! Thank you to everyone who fought against the anti-lobo rider – this victory would not have been possible without your help!
While we celebrate this victory, we should keep in mind that Congress may try to delist Mexican Gray Wolves again in the future, so we must keep an eye on them and ensure that they do not get away with this!

From Leda Huta, Endangered Species Coalition (action@endangered.org)

  1. USA: Great Lakes wolves to remain protected!

I have an update–and my sincere thanks–for you today. We have learned in the last hour that policy riders that would have delisted Great Lakes wolves have been eliminated from the final version of the omnibus spending bill! This is fantastic news and means that wolves in Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin will not face hunting and trapping seasons in the near future!

This is an enormous win for both Grey wolves and for the Endangered Species Act. Had the War on Wolves Act rider advanced, it would have paved the way for even more politically-based listing decisions. We have heard from allies in Congress that senators and representatives received thousands of emails, phone calls, and tweets asking them to keep these wolves protected. The bill is not perfect. It contains concerning language about greater sage grouse and the border wall, but have no doubt – this is a huge, huge win. This victory for wolves would not have been possible without you. Thank you for standing up for wolves and for being an active member of the conservation community.

  1. PETITION: Tell the Trump Administration to save lobos

This LoboWeek  marks the 20th anniversary of the release of 11 captive-reared Mexican gray wolves (or lobos) into the wilds of Arizona and New Mexico. Hunting, trapping, and poisoning caused the extinction of lobos in the wild three decades before this effort to bring them back.

Add your name to tell the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS) to release more lobos here.

In the twenty years that followed that release, lobos have slowly come back to the Southwest but progress has been limited by the politics of state agencies and anti-wolf special interests. Today, the wild population stands at 114 wolves. In 2017, 12 wolves died in unexplained circumstances and another was killed by the USFWS.

If lobos are ever to come back, the USFWS and states of the Southwest need to commit to their recovery. Additional locations must be established for lobos to be released into.

Sign the LoboWeek petition asking the USFWS to release more lobos into the wild  here.

We know that the public supports these wolves. Our analysis demonstrated that 99 percent of people submitting public comments support lobo recovery efforts. In spite of that, the recently-released recovery plan from the Trump Administration does the bare minimum under the law. Please join us in asking the USFWS to focus on bringing lobos back by releasing more lobos  here.

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

From Change.org (Salty Dog via Change.org [change@mail.change.org])

  • USA: One Year Ago the US-Senate Voted to Kill Wolf Pups and Hibernating Bears. The Law is still in effect
  • One year ago today, the US-Senate passed S.J. RES. 18 by a vote of 51 to 47 to allow the Killing of Denning Wolves and their Pups, Hibernating Bears, and other Predators on National Refuges Land in Alaska. Trump signed it into law without hesitation.
    THIS LAW IS STILL IN EFFECT!
    All 51 Republicans and one Independent voted in favor, all 47 Nays were Democrats and 1 Independent.
    Vote them out of office coming November.
  • Read the full article here.

 

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Victory – Great Lakes Wolves to Remain Protected

Policy riders that would have eliminated Endangered Species Act protections for Grey wolves in 4 states were dropped from the final version of the omnibus spending bill (see details here)!

A Victory for Wolves and the Endangered Species Act!

You did it! Congress heard your howls!

Every voice raised in support of wildlife and wild places can make a difference. And when we all work together, we can make big things happen! None of this would have been possible without your calls, emails and the leaders in Congress who stand for wolves!

  1. USA: It’s LoboWeek – Celebrating 20 years of Mexican Gray Wolves in the Wild. Celebrating a Wild Milestone

On March 29, 1998, 11 captive-reared Mexican gray wolves were released to the wild for the first time in Arizona and New Mexico. Missing from the landscape for more than 30 years, the howl of the rarest and most unique subspecies of gray wolf was once again greeted by the mountains of the south-west.
March 2018 marks the 20th anniversary of this historic event, a significant milestone for the lobo and wildlife conservation!

In recognition of the anniversary, the Wolf Conservation Center is among a growing group of partners participating #LoboWeek, an international movement to educate people about the Mexican wolf, or “lobo,” and our efforts to successfully restore this critically endangered predator to its ancestral home in the wild.

All week long, the WCC was celebrating on social media with interesting lobo facts, ways to take action, special events, “Lobo Loot” giveaways and more!

  1. USA: Hope For Mexican Gray Wolves

The last hope for Mexican gray wolves lies in the hands of conservationists.
The Mexican gray wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) or “Lobo” is the most genetically distinct lineage of wolves in the Western Hemisphere, and one of the most endangered mammals in North America.
The critically endangered predator almost vanished from the face of the earth in the mid-20th century because of human persecution. The entire population of Mexican wolves alive today descends from just seven individuals that were captured and placed into a captive breeding program before the species was exterminated from the wild.
Twenty years ago, 11 captive-reared lobos were released to the wild for the first time in Arizona and New Mexico. Missing from the landscape for more than 30 years, the howl of the rarest and most unique subspecies of gray wolf was once again greeted by the mountains of the south-west.
As the result of a reintroduction program, today there is a single population of approximately 114 Mexican wolves existing in the wild in the United States. However, the reintroduced population suffers from high mortality due to illegal killing and compromised genetics because of its brush with extinction.
For almost two decades, the Wolf Conservation Center has played a critical role in preserving and protecting these imperiled predators through carefully managed breeding, research, and reintroduction. To date, the WCC remains one of the three largest holding facilities for Mexican gray wolves and three wolves from the Center have been released to their ancestral homes in the wild.
In 2014, Earthjustice—on behalf of the Wolf Conservation Center, Center for Biological Diversity, Defenders of Wildlife, retired Fish Wildlife Service Mexican Wolf Recovery Coordinator David R. Parsons,  and the Endangered Wolf Center  — filed a lawsuit against the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for failing to develop a recovery plan. A settlement of that lawsuit led to the issuance of the Mexican wolf recovery plan that the same plaintiffs are now challenging. We’re asking a federal judge to order the government to develop a Mexican wolf recovery plan that legitimately responds to recovery needs for the species as the law requires.

  1. Man Armed with Semiautomatic Rifle Guns Down Family of 10 Wolves

Denali Wolves Need Your Voice

Although it’s illegal to hunt and trap wolves within Denali National Park, wolves are vulnerable as soon as they cross the park’s invisible boundary. A man armed with a semiautomatic rifle recently gunned down a family of 10 wolves near the park’s border.

It’s too late for these 10 wolves, but we can’t give up on protecting the others who call Denali National Park home. Please take action today.

Take Action here.

Wolves in Alaska are not protected under state or federal law. Thus, despite the fact that hunting and trapping are illegal within Denali National Park itself, wandering wolves are vulnerable when they slip beyond the park’s border.

On March 30, 2018, Alaska officials issued an emergency order closing the wolf hunting and trapping season on state land adjacent to the eastern boundary of Denali over concerns that excessive kills may destabilize this iconic wolf population.

A few days later photos surfaced showing a man armed with a semiautomatic rifle displaying ten wolf carcasses outside Denali.

For several years now, there has been a notable decline in the number of wolf sightings in Denali and research indicates that wolf mortality rates in the park have recently spiked to worrying levels, with the lowest estimated wolf density recorded since monitoring began in 1986.

Meanwhile, the percentage of sightseers who have spotted a wolf has dropped from 45% to just 5%.

It’s time for the state to make changes.

Please join us and demand Alaska to restore a no hunting/trapping buffer adjacent to Denali National Park!

Take action here.

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – March 1-31, 2018

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf . For information on the FAIR call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit www.wmatoutdoors.org.

Past updates may be viewed on these websites. Interested parties may sign upto receive this update electronically by visiting www.azgfd.com and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AZGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH or www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/RWL.cfm

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: the Alpine wolf office at (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office at (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 388-4385 ext. 226. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

On March 24, 2018 Sherry Barrett retired from the position of Mexican Wolf Recovery Coordinator for the USFWS. The IFT thanks Sherry for her leadership and dedication to Mexican wolf recovery efforts during her 7 years as coordinator. The Mexican Wolf Recovery Coordinator position will be filled by temporary acting assignments until a new coordinator is hired.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) are used to indicate wolves younger than 24 months. A lowercase “p” preceding the number is used to indicate a wolf pup born in the most recent spring. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. Studbook numbers listed in the monthly update denote wolves with functioning radio collars. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

The IFT completed the annual year-end population survey which started November 1, 2017 and concluded with helicopter count and capture operations conducted from January 24, 2018 through February 3, 2018. The year-end minimum population count for 2017 was 114 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico. Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year. This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups. At the end of March, there were 75 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, AF1335, m1676, and fp1683)

In March, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF), and occasionally documented on the SCAR. Female pup 1683 made dispersal movements north of Bear Wallow’s traditional territory, but rejoined the pack by the end of the month.

Bluestem Pack (collared f1686)

In March, the IFT documented Bluestem in the pack’s traditional territory in the central portion of the ASNF. Yearling female 1686 was captured, collared, and released on site.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, fp1668, and mp1671)

In March, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pack to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In March, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and New Mexico.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, f1550, mp1666, mp1677, and mp1681)

In March, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF. The IFT hazed the Hoodoo Pack several times this month in the Nutrioso area to deter them from frequenting areas with residences. Sub-adult f1550 was documented travelling apart from the Hoodoo Pack with m1571 in the month of March.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In March, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In March, the Panther Creek Pack was located in their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. The members of the pack have been travelling separately. Sub-adult m1574 has been occasionally documented travelling on the SCAR.

Pine Spring Pack (collared F1562 and AM1394)

In March, the Pine Spring Pack was located within their territory in the north central portion of the ASNF. The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pair to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488 and m1471)

In March, the Prime Canyon Pack continued to travell within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Saffel Pack (collared AM1441, AF1567, mp1661, and mp1680)

In March, the Saffel Pack was located in their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Single collared m1477

In March, m1477 was documented in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared F1489

In March, F1489 was documented travelling in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared m1571

In March, m1571 was documented in the north central portion of the ASNF. Sub-adult m1571 has been documented travelling with Hoodoo f1550 during the month of March.

Single collared m1673

In March, m1673 made wide dispersal movements into New Mexico and has been documented travelling in the south central portion of the ASNF.

ON THE FAIR:

Baldy Pack (collared AM1347 and mp1672)

In March, the Baldy Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR and the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343, AF1283, and fp1674)

In March, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

Single collared wolf m1559

In March, m1559 was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR with f1679, and occasionally using the SCAR.

Single collared wolf f1560

In March, f1560 was documented travelling with the Baldy Pack in the eastern portion of the FAIR and north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Single collared f1679

In March, f1679 was documented travelling with m1559 in the eastern portion of the FAIR, and occasionally using the SCAR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Copper Creek Pack (collared AM1386)

During March, the Copper Creek Pack was documented travelling in the western portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF), within the pack’s traditional territory. In March, AM1386 was located dead in New Mexico. The incident is under investigation.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared AF1456 and AM1354)

During March, the Dark Canyon Pack was documented travelling together within their traditional territory, in the west central portion of the GNF.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During March, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.

Lava Pack (collared AF1405 and AM1285)

During March, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south-eastern portion of the GNF.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During March, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness. Male 1561 continued to make dispersal movements within the GNF.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158, AF1487, and fp1684)

During March, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a food cache for the Luna pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and fp1664)

During March, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north-western portion of the GNF. The IFT initiated and maintained a diversionary food cache for the Mangas Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict. The IFT documented three uncollared wolves with the Mangas Pack

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, f1565, mp1669, and mp1678)

During March, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and fp1578)

During March, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, AF1553, mp1667, and fp1682)

During March, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Single collared AM1038

During March, AM1038 of the old Hawks Nest Pack continued to travel with f1473 in north central portions of the GNF.

Single collared AM1155

During March, AM1155 of the old Morgart’s Pack was not located by the IFT.

Single collared M1453

In March, M1453 was documented travelling within the western portion of Cibola National Forest (CNF) with f1685.

Single collared f1473

During March, f1473 was documented travelling in north central portions of the GNF with AM1038.

Single collared m1486

During March, m1486 travelled throughout the northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared m1569

During March, m1569 travelled widely in New Mexico and was located dead. The incident is under investigation.

Single collared f1685

During March, f1685 was documented travelling with M1453 in the western portion of the CNF.

MORTALITIES

In March, M1386 was located dead in New Mexico. The incident is under investigation.

In March, m1569 was located dead in New Mexico. The incident is under investigation.

From January 1 to March 31, 2018 there have been a total of four documented wolf mortalities.

INCIDENTS

During the month of March, there were 11 confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock. There were five nuisance incidents investigated in March, three of which were confirmed as wolf by the IFT. From January 1 to March 31, 2018 there have been a total of 22 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in New Mexico and 4 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in Arizona.

On March 4, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Sierra County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 4, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Socorro County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 6, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 6, WMAT investigated an injured calf on the FAIR. The investigation determined .the probable cause of injury to be wolf.

On March 8, Wildlife Services investigated two dead cows on the SCAR. The investigations determined both cows were confirmed wolf kills.

On March 8, the IFT investigated reports of three wolves feeding on a dead elk in the Chapache housing area in Alpine. The IFT responded and located two recently killed elk in an open field near several houses. The wolves had left by the time the IFT arrived. The IFT learned that the wolves were scared away when a homeowner walked out of their house. The remains of the elk carcass were removed from the area to eliminate the attractant of wolves returning to the area. Other homeowners in the area were contacted by the IFT and advised of their legal rights under provisions in the Federal Final 2015 10(j) rule to protect domestic dogs and livestock from wolves. Private land owners or their designee can shoot wolves that are in the act of biting, killing, or wounding domestic animals (livestock or non-feral dogs) on non-federal land (private, tribal, or state land). Any form of harassment or shooting of Mexican wolves must be reported within 24 hours to the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service by telephone 505-346-2525; or fax 505-346-2542.

On March 9, WMAT investigated a dead heifer on the FAIR. The investigation determined the cow died of unknown causes.

On March 11, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 12, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was killed by coyotes.

On March 12, the IFT took a report of a dead elk in Nutrioso near Hulsey Creek. The IFT investigated the carcass and did not have any evidence to confirm that the elk had been killed by wolves. There were no GPS points from wolves in the area during the time when the elk would have died. The carcass was removed from the area.

On March 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 14, the IFT took a nuisance report of wolves coming into a camp north of Alpine. The reporting party indicated they had heard howling close to their camp and thought animals may have come into their camp at night while sleeping. The IFT confirmed from GPS points that the Elk Horn Pack was in the area that night, but did not have evidence to corroborate that wolves had come into the camp.

On March 15, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 17, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 17, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a probable wolf kill.

On March 18, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow died from unknown causes.

On March 20, the IFT received a report that wolves had killed an elk in Dry Valley in Nutrioso. The IFT responded to the area and confirmed the Hoodoo Pack had killed an elk in the area approximately 100 yards from the nearest residence. While in the area, several people were contacted who reported seeing wolves on the elk carcass and travelling back into the forest that morning. The remnants of the elk carcass were removed to eliminate further attractant of wolves to the area. Because this was the second confirmed elk kill this month by the Hoodoo pack in proximity to houses, the IFT initiated multiple and sustained hazing efforts on members of the Hoodoo pack in effort to increase their aversion to areas with human presence. Several residents in the area were also issued less than lethal rounds to use to haze any wolves that return to the area of Dry Valley.

On March 21, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 23, WMAT investigated a dead cow on the FAIR. The investigation determined the cow died of unknown causes.

On March 23, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the cow died of unknown causes.

On March 27, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 30, Wildlife Services investigated an injured domestic dog in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation confirmed the dog’s injuries were caused by wolves several days prior. The IFT responded to the area on the following day and initiated monitoring efforts in the area that remain ongoing at the time of this writing. The IFT confirmed there were no wolves with functional radio collars and no known wolf packs in the area at the time of the incident.

On March 30, Wildlife Services investigated an injured calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation confirmed the calf’s injuries were caused by wolves.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On March 15, WMAT presented at an Integrated Natural Resources Group meeting in Whiteriver, AZ.

On March 22, WMAT presented to BIA Fort Apache Fire Management personnel in Whiteriver, AZ.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

There are no project personnel updates for March.

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at (505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

Other News

National

Nothing to report.

Next Door

From Change.org (Salty Dog via Change.org [change@mail.change.org])

Kenya: The last male Northern White Rhino has died

Sudan was a captive male northern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum cottoni) who lived from 1975 to 2009 in the Dvůr Králové Zoo in Czechia from where he was moved to the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Laikipia, Kenya.

At the time of his death, he was one of the last three living northern white rhinos worldwide and the last known male of his kind. On the 19th March 2018 he was euthanized after suffering from “age-related complications”.

Sudan was two years old when he and another five northern white rhinos were captured in Shambe, in Sudan, by animal trappers. The captured group comprised two males (Sudan and Saut) and four females (Nola, Nuri, Nadi and Nesari).

At that time the number of northern white rhinos was already considered to be only around 700 animals in the wild. For many environmentalists, leaving the animals in nature was the only acceptable way of preserving the already rare subspecies, and the Dvůr Králové Zoo and their Chipperfield partners were heavily criticized for the capture. The zoo was specializing in African fauna and already displayed one of the largest collections out of Africa.

In 1975 Sudan and his group were shipped to the Dvůr Králové Zoo, which was the only zoo in the world where northern white rhinos were successfully bred. Their last calf was born in 2000.

Two years later Nasima joint the group. Nasima originated from Uganda and had lived in the Knowsley Safari Park near Prescot.

At the beginning of 1990 the northern white rhinos in Uganda and Sudan were wiped out; the only 13 still alive were living in the Garamba National Park in Zaire (now Democratic Republic of the Congo).

In 1986 the Conservation Breeding Specialist Group of the IUCN met in the Dvůr Králové Zoo to discuss ways to preserve last northern white rhinos; they decided to import Ben (an older male from London) to return Saut (a calf from the original 1975 group) from the San Diego Zoo to the Dvůr Králové Zoo. Attempts to add several southern rhinos to the group resulted in only mixed success. Several surgeries were performed on the females and their eggs to preserve genetic material, including Sudan’s semen.

Sudan fathered three calves and became the grandfather of one. The Dvůr Králové rhinos were getting older and after 2000 no more calves were being born around the world.

In June 2008 specialists again met in the Dvůr Králové Zoo to decide further steps to save the subspecies. In cooperation with the IUCN African Rhino Specialist Group (AfRSG), the World Zoo and Aquarium Association WAZA, the Berlin institute IZW as well as experts from the Vienna Veterinary institute and the European Zoo and Aquarium Association it was recommended to move Sudan and his group from Czechia to Africa. Substantial debate succeeded and strong objections were raised against this proposal, especially given the fact that expert and scientific organizations were available in Europe and insemination efforts could have continued in Czechia.

In December 2009 the rhinos, together with three other northern white rhinos, were moved to the Ol Pejeta Conservancy for a breeding program named “Last Chance To Survive”. It was hoped that Ol Pejeta would provide a more natural habitat and better hormonal balance for the animals to induce breeding, but all breeding attempts with Sudan at Ol Pejeta Conservancy were unsuccessful.

After Suni, one of the other three rhinos in the group, died in 2014 Sudan spend the final years of his life together with his daughter Najin and granddaughter Fatu.

At the end of 2017, Sudan suffered from an infection in his right hind leg, and although his condition improved over the following months, the infection returned and caused a serious deterioration of his condition in March 2018. Despite intensive care Sudan had to be euthanized on 19th March 2018.

In the weeks before Sudan’s death, Richard Vigne, CEO of the Ol Pejeta Conservancy, stated that “Sudan has been technically infertile for many years, so him dying is not going to affect the possibilities of recovery for the northern white rhino as a species.”

  1. US-Trophy Hunters Killed Rare Black Rhinos for $350.000 and $200.000 Respectively

Texas-based SAFARI CLUB INTERNATIONAL sells these hunts to its members as rare opportunities to kill something endangered before it’s gone. They are the organization behind these demented hunters.
Corey Knowlton from Texas paid $350.000,- and Michael Luzich of Las Vegas, NV paid $200.000,- for killing one of the most endangered animals in the world.

Read the full story here.

International

Nothing to report.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Wolves in Oregon, USA

(a summary of three articles by Zach Urness)

State wildlife officials issued a permit that allows the killing of two wolves from an Eastern Oregon pack blamed for attacking livestock.

The Pine Creek Pack attacked and killed two calves and injured four more in early April, according to state reports.

The livestock producer involved requested the state take action against the pack, because he would like to see the whole pack annihilated. His argument is that if a pack is killing livestock, you’ve got to kill every one of them that has been involved in that.

The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife stopped short of that request but did authorize the livestock producer to kill two wolves from the eight-member pack. ODFW officials also are authorized to kill the two wolves.

Under the terms of such a permit, the producer can kill up to two wolves on the private property he leases where the depredations occurred when his livestock is present on the property. This permit expires on May 4.

Pine Creek is a new pack of eight wolves — a breeding male and female, five yearlings and one other adult wolf. According to the ODFW the breeding female appears to be pregnant, and the permit does not stipulate which two wolves can be taken out.

Sean Stevens, executive director of the environmental group Oregon Wild, said that wolves should not be killed, especially not a pregnant female. Oregon is in the middle of a poaching epidemic and using a wolf management plan that expired three years ago.

Under state law, livestock producers are required to take non-lethal measures to deter wolf attacks. But if that doesn’t work, lethal action can be taken following “two depredations by wolves on livestock.”

ODFW officials said that the livestock producer had taken non-lethal measures to prevent attacks, including using range riders, hazing and delaying turning his cattle out, but it was apparently to no avail.

The two attacks took place on April 6 and 7 in the Fourmile Creek area of Baker County. ODFW officials inspected both incidents and confirmed both attacks came from wolves in the Pine Creek Pack.

Seven wolves of the Pine Creek Pack were observed in the same pasture as the calves, and the locations and size of the pre-mortem bite wounds are indicative of wolf attack. These, combined with the presence of wolves, were adequate to confirm this incident as a depredation of five calves by wolves of the Pine Creek Pack.

But that’s not enough; authorities plan to kill another two wolves in Northern Oregon after more livestock were attacked.

The Oregonian reports the wolves authorities are targeting are in the same pack as the two that were killed last week.

The pack of wolves in Wallowa County has become a problem for livestock in the area. State biologists estimated in December that the pack consists of about 10 wolves, and state officials previously said they’ve documented wolf attacks on seven cattle in the past 13 months, including three cattle kills.

Oregon removed wolves from the state’s Endangered Species list in 2015, but the animals remain on the federal list and are protected in Western Oregon. In north-east Oregon, however, the animals are managed under the state’s wolf plan.

Grey wolves only recently began returning to western Oregon, but there are increasing signs the small population of predators is no longer welcome.

Three collared wolves have been killed during the past year in south-west and south-central Oregon, prompting multiple investigations and a total of $40,000 in reward money for information on the unnatural deaths.

The most recent victim was OR-25, a 4-year-old male that was found dead Oct. 29 near Fort Klamath in Sun Pass State Forest. He joined OR-33 and OR-28, collared wolves that have also been killed in the Klamath Falls area since last October.

The deaths are significant because according to officials western Oregon is home to only about 15 to 20 wolves.

It’s a violation of the federal Endangered Species Act to kill a Grey wolf in the western two-thirds of Oregon, punishable by a $50,000 fine and a year in jail.

John Heil, spokesman for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, said that this is an unfortunate situation and they are concerned about it; they are going to work with their partners to try and find out what’s going on here.

OR-25, who originally dispersed from the Imnaha Pack in north-eastern Oregon, made headlines after roaming into California in 2016. One website even celebrated the arrival with the headline “Welcome OR-25: California’s Sexy New Lone Wolf!”

But OR-25 returned to Oregon and while likely searching for a mate roamed mostly in the area north and east of Klamath Falls. Details about how the wolf died were not released by the Fish and Wildlife service because of the “ongoing investigation.

Wolves first began arriving in Oregon, from Idaho in the late 1990s. But it wasn’t until 2011 that the animals reached the state’s west side. The first wolf to reach Oregon’s Cascade Range, OR-7, was celebrated as something of a folk hero, garnering international headlines as he roamed thousands of miles to find a mate.

OR-7 eventually put down roots in south-west Oregon and is now head of the Rogue Pack, which has an estimated 12 members, by far the largest pack in western Oregon.

But as more wolves headed west, the transition hasn’t always been as smooth.

Last summer, OR-33, who’d followed OR-7’s path west, roamed almost within Ashland city limits. From June 10th-12th, the young wolf attacked and killed two goats and one lamb at a small livestock operation north-east of the city.

Greg Roberts, a media personality in Southern Oregon at that time, said that this wolf was acting like David Lee Roth. He had eight people in Ashland say that they’ve seen him around their property. A year later, OR-33 was shot, his carcass found about 20 miles northwest of Klamath Falls in Fremont-Winema National Forest.

The story was somewhat different for OR-28, a 3-year-old female wolf who’d just had a pup with a mate near Silver Lake. While officials didn’t speculate about what was causing the incidents, it’s possible that an increased number of wolf attacks on livestock, including three blamed on OR-7’s Rogue Pack, could have eroded some public support. Conservation groups bemoaned the recent trend, saying the number of wolves killed by humans in Oregon represented a serious problem.

Last week, a hunter claimed self-defense after shooting a wolf in north-eastern Oregon. Considering the small number of wolves in Oregon, and even smaller number that have managed to disperse outside the north-east corner of the state, it should now be clear to state wildlife officials that illegal wolf killing represents an existential threat to recovering this native species, said Arran Robertson, spokesman for Oregon Wild.

Details on three wolf killings: 

OR-33 – Investigation open; a collared male was found dead April 23, 2017, about 20 miles northwest of Klamath Falls in Fremont-Winema National Forest. Cause of death was by gunshot. There is a $5,000 reward from Fish and Wildlife Service and an additional $10,000 dollars from nonprofit groups for information leading to the arrest or a criminal conviction of the person(s) responsible.

OR-28 – Investigation open; a collared female was found dead on Oct. 6, 2016, in the Fremont-Winema National Forest near Summer Lake, Oregon. Cause of death not released. There is a $5,000 reward from the USFWS and an additional $15,000 from conservation groups for information leading to the arrest or a criminal conviction of the person(s) responsible.

OR-25 – Investigation open; a collared male was found dead Oct. 29, 2017, near Fort Klamath in Sun Pass State Forest. Cause of death is not released. There is a $5,000 reward from the USFWS.

Original articles by Zach Urness, an outdoors writer, photographer and videographer in Oregon. He is the author of the book “Hiking Southern Oregon” and can be reached at zurness@StatesmanJournal.com or (503) 399-6801. Find him on Twitter at @ZachsORoutdoors.

Articles published here.

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 149

Breaking Free

by Jennifer Tissot

At last here I was. The time had come for me to truly experience the great wild all the others had told me about.

I took in my surroundings, smelling the sweet fresh earth and watching every leaf as it quivered in the warm summer breeze.

Around my neck was the collar they, the humans, had placed around it before I’d left my comfort zone in the fenced in world that had been my home for so long.

But now I was grown. Strong and swift legged, alert and brimming with the deep forces of youth. My gray-white hairs on my back bristling with the excitement.

“Come,” Windbolt urged me. He stood beside me, green eyes eager for me to follow him.

I looked and caught the scent of the humans watching us from far off.

Then I turned with Windbolt, my brother, and we bounded forth into the deep embrace of the forests.

This was our world now and together we’d find our place in it. Living a new life of the wild. Raising a truly free family. This was the destiny of our kind. Of the wolves we were from ancient times. Born to break away free into all nature’s wonderful splendor designed just for us.

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary
By Erin

Ascar II has discovered his love of howling. So far, howling was something initiated by the undisputed alpha female, Taima, typically when Ted and I left for our weekly shopping trip or to meet some friends once in a while. My friend Monika from half a kilometre down the road always mocked us about that, saying that the whole neighbourhood would know when we go out. Since that is not too often the case and never on the same day or time it does not really bother me, even though she often points out that the bad boys would also know exactly when nobody is at home and they might take a chance one day. On the other hand, I know how the pack behaves if somebody comes close to the gate and I have serious doubts that somebody would be brave enough to try out whether their impressive show of aggression is just show or if they mean real business.

However, a while ago, they also started howling in the middle of the day when Ted and I were at home and I had no idea what was cooking. It first turned out that it was the postman filling our little post box at the gate. A few days later they started again seemingly out of the blue, and this time it was the guy who comes to read the electricity meters. When I went to meet with Monika for our twice-weekly walk she asked me where we were the day before. I said we had been home but that the kids howled like mad because of the guy reading the meters. Meanwhile it’s the postman, the meter man, the rubbish collectors, people wearing red pieces of clothing passing, us going out, and heaven knows what else triggers their howling, and it’s no longer Taima acting as the choir master but Ascar II. I have watched him actually pushing the other two to join in no matter what. In earlier times I had thought so often how nice it would be if I could hear them howling more often, but now I wonder when the first neighbours may start complaining. Well, at least now people do not know any longer when we are out and when not, but honestly, I fear for the peace with our neighbours.

Will be continued…

Volume 13, Issue 161, March 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 161, March 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

We’ve got a bumper issue for you this month, but, I’m afraid to say, most of the information is not good for the wolves rightly co-inhabiting this world. Starting with the scandalous attempts in the US to undermine species conservation in general not only in their own murderous country, but also wherever ‘trophy animals’ persist in the world, through a demented serial killer who tries to find like-minded evolutionary challenged humans for a joint killing spree in a region of Canada where wolves had so far been left to live in peace, to deliberate misrepresentation of official wolf statistics in Germany, and on to disgusting underhanded political power games. If all of this weren’t enough to make a nature-conscious person puke, our attention was pointed to – and now read this twice – to canned wolf hunting in South Africa! I could fill pages with nasty comments, but because this would be pointless, I recommend you read through the News section yourself and form your own opinion… Do not miss the snippet on new pioneer legislation in some US states that will introduce a register for convicted animal abusers similar to that for sex offenders – for this is surely the best news in this issue!

A novelty is that we are now permitted to reprint selected information out of the monthly newsletter from the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary in Reitz, Free State, South Africa. They are doing excellent work there and deserve every little bit of support our readers can afford them and be it only by advertising their existence! If you wish to receive their newsletter in full (usually around the end of the month), you can add yourself to their mailing list by e-mailing Frans Badenhorst at wolfrescuesa@gmail.com.

Other than that we have a write-up on the wolves in Canada’s Yukon region that a reader has made available. We also found a brief recollection of a real-life wolf encounter that we reprint here. And Erin adds yet another very interesting detail from her day-to-day life together with her pack.

There is also news regarding my own book, A Houseful Headful of Wolves (German edition: Das Haus Den Kopf voller Wölfe), in that there are now links on SAFOW’s Facebook page and on the SAFOW website for submitting book reviews: http://safow.org/book-review/ . Here you can post a short review in English or German without even having to register. We are looking forward to receiving your reviews because we really want to know your thoughts on this book.

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:

Wolves in a Changing World

October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.

Register now

Location & Lodging:
Minneapolis Marriott Northwest
7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428
Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Early registration – $399.00* (– May 31, 2018)
  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more here.

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long!  The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12.  All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.

SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Spring Break Camp 
SPRING SESSION: APRIL 3 – 6
For children entering grades 3 – 5  ​
Time: 9AM – 3PM
Fee: $300 per child for the 4-day program (Tuesday – Friday)
Information & registration HERE!

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the center home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration.

Summer Internships for College Students

The Wolf Conservation Center is pleased to offer summer environmental education internship opportunities for college students! The environmental education internship is designed to expose interns to the field of conservation education and wildlife biology. Interns conduct a variety of education programs and assist with the daily operations of the WCC.

Information here.

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!

SUMMER FAMILY ADVENTURE: August 5 – 10, 2018:details here.
FALL WILDLIFE ADVENTURE: September 8 – 13, 2018: details here.

News from the Wolf Front

National

From HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary (newsletter February 2018; Frans Badenhorst, wolfrescuesa@gmail.com)

  1. South Africa: Sad news from HuskyRomi

In February the sanctuary in Reitz, Free State, had to say their last farewells to two of their wolves. This time of the year ticks are a major problem, and although they have been spraying the whole sanctuary to protect the wolves from tickbites, heavy rains keep washing everything away, and so Izusu contracted and died of Biliary (a type of tickbite fever endemic to SA).

Another beautiful young wolf called Harley also lost the battle against Biliary.

Totem was luckier by surviving the strike of a Rinkhals Cobra after spending several days in the animal hospital with no control of his muscles and even struggling to breathe. Eventually he pulled through and is now recovering.

And as if that would not be enough the sanctuary’s 6-m³ freezer stopped running just when a huge heap of chickens arrived; they had to be thrown away in the end.

From The “Con” in Conservation (https://m.facebook.com/theconinconservation/photos/a.1527047997525668.1073741829.1525588341004967/1978544299042700/?type=3)

HUNTING WOLVES IN SOUTH AFRICA

You despicable slobs that call yourselves hunters in South Africa. You know and have known this for a long, long time. Yet you keep mum. Further proof that you never were and never will be conservationists. You #CarcassFondlers are nothing but frauds. Just all about the profit.

#TheConinConservation

Info via a Wolf Sanctuary in South Africa.

“Wolves were first introduced to South Africa by the army back in the late seventies, Wolter Basson wanted to try and breed a super dog, a lot of wolves are bred by zoos and sold to the public, we have a number of Canadian Reds which Pretoria zoo had, we have a Russian Tundra wolf bred at the Cradle of Life in Badplaas, two wolves that we got from someone were bred at the Emerald Casino zoo, we have numerous species of wolves form America to Mongolian wolves, the police breeding centre is still breeding wolfdogs/ hybrids and selling them, the list is endless.

The new thing that we are encountering are wolves that have been bred for the canned hunting trade, yes, R 25,000.00 and you can shoot a wolf in SA, I have been approached to sell one male and two or more females on three occasions by different breeders, the money is nice but I still have to sleep with myself at night, we received two wolves from Parys from a hunting lodge that a company bought, these two were the breeding pair, Orkney, Rustenberg, more places than you can even imagine. Bottom line is that they are exotics, there is no law prohibiting the breeding of them, no permits are required to own them or shoot them, I hope I have shed light on how they got here, they have been in SA as long as Huskies have.”

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. Mexico: LAWSUIT: Lobos face fatally-flawed “recovery plan”

It’s a cruel joke.

Just 114 Mexican gray wolves remain in the wild and now – after 40 years of waiting – a new “recovery plan” threatens to push them closer to extinction.

This plan has put the fight to save Mexican gray wolves, or lobos, into overdrive. And Defenders has filed an emergency lawsuit to stop it.

Support our legal and other life-saving work by helping us raise $150,000 by midnight tonight: Take action.

Lobos have always called the Southwest home – their presence helped shape the ecosystems of Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. But they are teetering on the edge of collapse and this “recovery plan” would tip the scales toward ruin.

This fatally-flawed plan is political pandering that disregards the opinions of leading wolf scientists in favour of arbitrary population caps set by the states – guaranteeing that no more than an average of 320 wolves will ever be allowed to exist in the Southwest.

In doing so, the plan ignores the best available science that indicates lobos require at least three connected populations totalling approximately 750 individuals to recover. In addition, it:

  • Cuts off access to vital recovery habitat in the southern Rockies and the Grand Canyon;
  • Fails to address the mounting threat of inbreeding by not calling for enough wolf reintroductions into the wild; and
  • Relies excessively on Mexico for wolf recovery despite its lack of adequate habitat.

This is no recovery plan – it is an attempt to play politics with the lobo’s future and pave a path for its destruction. Wolves deserve better.

Your urgent donation will provide the funds we need to defend wildlife whenever threats arise. Get us to our goal of $150,000 by midnight tonight: donate here.

Our team of conservation lawyers is fighting this disastrous plan in court and we are working every day to meet the ever-growing needs of all wildlife at risk of extinction. But we need the support of people like you to bolster our legal and wildlife-saving work.

We will never abandon wildlife in their fight for survival.

Can we count on your support? http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=8TSkc1KwVCdBTbIiJfMsIw

  1. USA: Congress returns to its cheap tricks

Anti-wildlife members of Congress are using a notorious, cheap political trick to wage war on wolves and the Endangered Species Act (ESA).

These lawmakers are shamelessly using the “must-pass” omnibus federal funding bill now being debated in the House and Senate as an opportunity to push through destructive amendments, or “riders.” If successful, these riders would topple gray wolf protections and undermine the ESA.

Act Now: Demand your representatives in Congress oppose all anti-wildlife riders in the funding bill: Take action.

Among the worst of these riders is a collection that together could devastate wolves. They include provisions to:

  • End protections for gray wolves in the Great Lakes region and block citizens from going to court to challenge a decision that delisted wolves in Wyoming;
  • Block all federal funding for gray wolf recovery in the lower 48 states – including the endangered Mexican gray wolf;
  • Allow aggressive, scientifically indefensible “predator control” measures to be used on wolves and bears on Alaska’s national preserves; and
  • End the red wolf recovery program and declare red wolves extinct.

But it’s not just wolves…Congress is attacking the ESA itself.

Perhaps the most heinous anti-ESA rider of all is one that would end protections for every single species for which the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) has failed to complete a timely five-year status review. That’s more than 900 species – or roughly 54 percent – that would lose their protections under the ESA!

Speak out for wildlife now! Tell Congress there’s no room in the funding bill – or any legislation – for deadly attacks on wildlife and the ESA: Take action.

Politicizing wildlife protections undermines the very foundation of the ESA and jeopardizes the future of every animal it protects. Congress’ repeated attempts to weaken and dismantle this landmark law and undercut the pillars of science it is founded on is despicable.

The lifeline the ESA provides to species is more critical than ever. Congress should be focused on fully funding this last resort for wildlife, not destroying it.

Take action to defend wolves, wildlife and the ESA here.

 USA: URGENT: Wolves can’t wait

This is urgent.

Lawmakers are once again politicizing wildlife protections by using the must-pass federal funding bill to push through lethal anti-wildlife riders.

The future of wolves and more than 900 species listed under the Endangered Species Act is hanging in the balance.

Make an emergency donation today to help Defenders fight for their continued protection here.

  1. USA: Congress, coexistence and wolves in Colorado

Funding bill wages war on wolves, wildlife

Anti-wildlife members of Congress are using a notorious, cheap political trick to wage war on wolves and the Endangered Species Act (ESA). These members of Congress are shamelessly using the must-pass federal funding bill – or omnibus – as an opportunity to push through destructive amendments, or “riders.” If successful, these riders would undercut gray wolf protections and the ESA. Demand Congress oppose all anti-wildlife riders in the funding bill: Take action.

Restoring Wolves to Colorado

Wolves were once a part of Colorado’s landscape. However, their absence over the last 70 years is causing the natural balance of Colorado’s landscape to unravel. Defenders now has an opportunity to help bring them back and restore Colorado’s natural balance, for ourselves and future generations.
Learn more here.

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Wolfsschutz Deutschland on Facebook.

1. Germany: We want to prevent the disappearance of Wolves from Saxony. Please donate!

Everybody talks about the allegedly rapid proliferation of wolves in Saxony. Even a so-called wolf expert from Bavaria says so, but is it really true? We had a look at the official statistics at http://www.dbb-wolf.de and also phoned them for further details. In 2015/16, 15 packs, 4 pairs, one territorial wolf and 52 cubs were counted in Saxony. In 2016/17 the numbers had decreased to 14 packs, 5 pairs, no territorial wolf at all, and just 39 cubs.

Territories also decreased from 20 to 19, which means in other words that wolves have not only not proliferated rapidly, but their numbers have decreased. The reason for that is, we think, not only due to more road deaths, but also to the fact that wolves, especially in Saxony, are illegally killed in Wild West fashion. Not every illegally killed wolf is discovered and considered for the statistics.

Since we, in contrast to big Wildlife Conservation organsations, do not receive support from the state we fully depend on donations.  Every single Euro helps to prevent further illegal wolf killings. Please help us to protect the wolves in Saxony by donating to:

Wolfsschutz-Deutschland
Berliner Sparkasse
IBAN DE79 1005 0000 0190 7118 84
BIC BELADEBEXXX

Donations via PayPal: http://wolfsschutz-deutschland.de/spenden-2/

From Change.org (Salty Dog via Change.org [change@mail.change.org])

  • Canada: A One-Man Bounty On Wolves In British Columbia
  • Wolves in British Columbia are in grave danger at the time of this writing. Steve Isdahl has proudly taken it upon himself on social media to have as many wolves killed in the province as he can. Contacting trappers on Facebook he is appealing to trappers and hunters in the seven regions to join him in his mission. He is raising funds for snares, leg hold traps, gas for trucks and ATV access to remote management units.
    It’s all there to see on his Facebook page, euphemistically named “BC Ungulate Foundation” (https://www.facebook.com/Growungulates/) which he is wanting to register as a charity. He claims that wolves have decimated deer, elk and moose populations in the province, and therefore must be killed exponentially in all regions. He provides no research on wolf populations nor research on specific ungulate populations, only the assertion of some hunters that they have been unable to kill as many ungulates as they did several years ago.
  • Petition update: Stop Under Armour from killing wild Animals – Please Sign: https://www.change.org/p/stop-under-armour-from-killing-wild-animals-please-sign

 

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Hunting wolves for trophy? What you can do for wolves right now.

URGENT — Facing another appropriations deadline on March 23, Congress is still working to determine how to fund the government. Unfortunately, damaging anti-wolf riders that undermine Endangered Species Act protections for wolves are still in play.
One provision seeks to permanently remove federal ESA protections for Grey wolves in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, and Wyoming, to allow trophy hunting to resume. To add insult to injury, the bill prohibits its judicial review thus preventing any legal challenge.
If these riders are not removed by Congress, wolves will die at the hands of trophy hunters. 
Please take action today.

  1. USA: Wolf Conservation Center Slammed by Storm (https://nywolf.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=96aae4d71726eb91ae4d20fec&id=d67bd52a05&e=c4f881378d)

Wolf Conservation Center staff, volunteers, and wolves are sharing a collective sigh of relief today.
Wednesday’s big, blustery nor’easter, the second to hit New York’s Westchester County in less than a week, brought well over a foot of wet, heavy snow and significant fence damage to the WCC. Thankfully, the wolves are okay.
WCC’s endangered species facility, which houses the majority of the Center’s critically endangered Mexican gray wolves and red wolves, bared the brunt of the formidable storm. Although a number of enclosures were damaged, the wolves remained safe and contained.
WCC staff has been working tirelessly to remove debris, address the compromised fence-lines and make the pathways and roads accessible. However, many repairs remain to be done. If you are able, please consider making a donation to help us in this effort. Every penny helps!
Some good news — since our restricted area was impacted the most, all education programming remains on schedule!

  1. You heard our howls – Thank you!

We asked for your help and you heard our howls! Thanks to you, we are making good progress recovering from damage brought on by last week’s powerful nor’easter!

We are humbled by the incredible support from our pack – supporters like you.
Howls of thanks from all us here at the Wolf Conservation Center!

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

  1. Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – January 1-31, 2018

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf. For information on the FAIR call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit www.wmatoutdoors.org.

Past updates may be viewed on these websites. Interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically by visiting www.azgfd.com and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf telemetry flight location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH or www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/RWL.cfm

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: the Alpine wolf office at (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office at (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 388-4385 ext. 226. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

On January 11, 2018, the USFWS met with the Catron County Commission to discuss the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program, the 2016 Office of Inspector General report, and communication.

On January 23, 2018, the USFWS met with the Chairman of the New Mexico State Game Commission, the Director of the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish (NMDGF) and NMDGF staff to discuss permits for cross-fostering, the status of Mexican wolf recovery in Mexico, and communication.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) indicate wolves younger than 24 months or pups. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

The IFT completed the annual year-end population survey which started November 1, 2017 and concluded with helicopter count and capture operations conducted from January 24, 2018 through February 3, 2018. The year-end population count for 2017 will be available in February.  In 2016, the year-end minimum count was 113 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico.  At the end of the helicopter count and capture operation, there were 79 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups).  Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, AF1335, m1673, m1676, and fp1683)

In January, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF), occasionally documented on the SCAR.  Yearling m1673 continued to make dispersal movements into New Mexico and is now considered a single animal.  Yearling m1676 and female pup 1683 were captured, collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Bluestem Pack (collared F1489)

In January, F1489 continued making dispersal movements around the northern and western edges of the Bluestem Pack’s traditional territory in the central ASNF and is now considered a single animal.  There are currently no functional collars in the pack, but the IFT continues to monitor the pack with trail cameras.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, m1471, fp1668, and mp1671)

In January, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  In 2016, three yearling wolves from the Elk Horn Pack, m1471, f1473, and m1477, each dispersed from their natal territory.  Yearling m1471 has been travelling with Prime Canyon F1488.  AF1294 was captured, re-collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.  The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pack to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In January, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico.  Female 1443 was captured, re-collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, f1550, mp1666, mp1677, and mp1681)

In January, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  Male pups 1677 and 1681 were captured, collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.  Female 1550 was documented travelling with single m1571 during the helicopter count and capture operation.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In January, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In January, the Panther Creek Pack was located in their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  AF1339 was captured, re-collared, and temporarily moved to captivity.

Pine Spring Pack (collared f1562 and AM1394)

In January, f1562 was localized in the north central portion of the ASNF and was documented travelling with AM1394 (previously fate unknown).  AM1394 was captured, re-collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture.  The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pair to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488 and m1471)

In January, F1488 was documented travelling within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  Yearling m1471 from the Elk Horn Pack has been documented travelling with Prime Canyon F1488 throughout January.

Saffel Pack (collared AM1441, AF1567, mp1661, and mp1680)

In January, the Saffel Pack was located in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  Male pup 1680 and AM1441 were captured, collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Single collared AM1038

In January, AM1038 of the old Hawks Nest Pack was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single collared f1473

In January, f1473 was documented travelling alone and continued to make dispersal movements between Arizona and New Mexico.

Single collared m1477

In January, m1477 was documented travelling with an uncollared wolf in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared f1484

In January, f1484 was documented travelling alone to the east and north of the Panther Creek Pack’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared m1571

In January, m1571 was documented making wide dispersal movements in New Mexico and the north central portion of the ASNF.  Male 1571 was documented travelling with Hoodoo f1550 during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Single collared m1572

In January, m1572 was documented making wide dispersal movements in the Coconino National Forest, and through the western and central portions of the ASNF to the eastern portion of the FAIR.

ON THE FAIR:

Baldy Pack (collared AM1347 and mp1672)

In January, mp1672 was documented travelling occasionally with f1560 in the eastern portion of the FAIR.  Male pup 1672 was also located in the north-eastern portion of ASNF.  During the annual helicopter count and capture operation, AM1347 (previously fate unknown) was documented travelling with f1560 and mp1672.  AM1347 was captured, re-collared, and released.

Diamond Pack

As of January, the wolves in the Diamond Pack have all been travelling separately for more than three months and are now considered single animals.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343, AF1283, and fp1674)

In January, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.  AF1283 and AM1343 were captured, re-collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Single m1559

In January, m1559 made large dispersal movements in the eastern portion of the FAIR and was documented travelling with an uncollared wolf (now known as f1679).

Single f1560

In January, f1560 was documented travelling with the Baldy Pack in the eastern portion of the FAIR and north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Single collared f1679

In January, f1679 was first documented as an uncollared wolf travelling with m1559 in the eastern portion of the FAIR.  Female 1679 was captured, collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Copper Creek Pack (collared M1386)

During January, M1386 was documented travelling in the western portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF), in traditional Copper Creek Pack territory.  During the annual helicopter count and capture operation, the IFT documented F1444 travelling with M1386.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared F1456 and M1354)

During January, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portion of the GNF.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During January, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.  Sub-adult m1556 continued to show dispersal behaviour in January, and was located in the east portion of the Gila Wilderness.  The IFT captured, re-collared and released AF1278 during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Lava Pack (collared AF1405 and AM1285)

During January, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south-eastern portion of the GNF.  AF1405 was captured, re-collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During January, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.  During January, m1561 made dispersal movements around the GNF.  Male 1561 was captured, re-collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158, AF1487, and fp1684)

During January, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  Female pup 1684 was captured, collared, and released during the annual helicopter count and capture operation.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and fp1664)

During January, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north-western portion of the GNF.  Female pup 1664 was captured by a private trapper in the north-western portion of the GNF.  The IFT processed, collared, provided veterinary treatment for a foot injury, and released the wolf.  During the annual helicopter count and capture operation, fp1664 was re-captured to provide additional veterinary treatment for the foot injury and is being temporarily held in captivity.  AM1296 was captured, re-collared, and released.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, f1565, mp1669, and mp1678)

During January, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  During the annual helicopter count and capture operation, mp1678 was captured, collared, and released.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and fp1578)

During January, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, AF1553, mp1667, and fp1682)

During January, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  During the annual helicopter count and capture operation, AF1553 and fp1682 were captured, collared, and released.

Single collared AM1155

During January, AM1155 of the old Morgart’s Pack was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single collared M1453

In January, M1453 was documented travelling with two uncollared wolves (one now known as f1685) in the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared m1486

During January, m1486 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared M1552

During January, M1552 was not located by the IFT.

Single collared m1569

During January, m1569 travelled throughout the central and northern portion of the CNF.

Single collared f1685

During the annual helicopter count and capture operation, f1685 was captured, collared, and released.  Female 1685 was documented travelling with M1453 and an uncollared wolf in the western portion of the CNF.

MORTALITIES

There were no documented mortalities in the month of January.

INCIDENTS

During the month of January, there were seven confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock and one confirmed wolf depredation on a domestic dog.  There were 3 nuisance incidents investigated.  From January 1 to January 31, 2018 there have been a total of five confirmed depredation incidents in New Mexico and three confirmed depredation incidents in Arizona.

On January 5, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On January 8, Wildlife Services investigated a domestic dog killed at a residence in Greenlee County, AZ.  The investigation determined the dog was a confirmed wolf kill.  The IFT responded to the location and initiated trapping efforts in attempt to capture and identify the wolves involved with the depredation.  No wolves were captured.  The IFT confirmed there were no wolves with functional radio collars and no known wolf packs in the area at the time of the incident.  No residents were present when the incident occurred.  The IFT initiated monitoring efforts in the area that remain ongoing at the time of this writing.  The IFT has advised residents in the area of their legal rights under provisions in the Federal Final 2015 10(j) rule to protect domestic dogs and livestock from wolves.  Private land owners or their designee can shoot wolves that are in the act of biting, killing, or wounding domestic animals (livestock or non-feral dogs) on non-federal land (private, tribal, or state land).  Any form of take must be reported within 24 hours to the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service by telephone 505-346-2525; or fax 505-346-2542.

On January 10, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On January 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On January 14, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On January 15, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On January 15, Wildlife Services investigated three dead cows in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cause of death for all three cows was unknown.

On January 22, the IFT received a report of a two wolves observed near an occupied residence in Catron County, NM.  The IFT confirmed the animals were wolves by a photograph taken.  By the time the IFT received report of the incident, the wolves had left the area.

On January 24, the IFT received a report of wolves observed feeding on a deer behind a residence in Greenlee County, AZ.  The IFT responded, conducted a site investigation and determined the sighting was probable wolf.  The IFT initiated ongoing monitoring efforts in the area.  At the time of writing, there have been no additional confirmed wolf sightings in the area.

On January 25, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the bull was a confirmed wolf kill.

On January 31, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On January 9, WMAT personnel presented during a radio show on KNNB in Whiteriver, AZ.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

In January, two tribal youth started an internship with WMAT.

  1. Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – Feb 1-28, 2018

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

On February 2, 2018, the Fish and Wildlife Service Mexican Wolf Recovery Coordinator briefed staff from Senator Udall and Senator Heinrich’s staff on the status of the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program.

On February 21, 2018, the USFWS, AZGFD, and Mexico’s National Commission of Natural Protected Areas (CONANP by its Spanish acronym) held a conference call to discuss collaboration in implementation of recovery actions in the two countries.

Reproduction Specialists with the Mexican Wolf Species Survival Plan collected semen from Mexican wolves at Ladder Ranch Wolf Management Facility on February 8, 2018, for the “frozen zoo,” which will be used in future research and artificial insemination.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

The IFT completed the annual year-end population survey which started November 1, 2017 and concluded with helicopter count and capture operations conducted from January 24, 2018 through February 3, 2018. The year-end minimum population count for 2017 was 114 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico. In 2016, the year-end minimum count was 113 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico. Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year. This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups. At the end of February, there were 76 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, AF1335, m1676, and fp1683)

In February, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF), occasionally documented on the SCAR.

Bluestem Pack

In February, the IFT documented the pack in the Bluestem Pack’s traditional territory in the central portion of the ASNF. There are currently no functional collars in the pack, but the IFT continued to monitor the pack with trail cameras.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, fp1668, and mp1671)

In February, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the northeastern portion of the ASNF. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pack to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In February, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and New Mexico.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, f1550, mp1666, mp1677, and mp1681)

In February, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF. Sub-adult f1550 was documented travelling apart from the Hoodoo Pack with single m1571 during the month of February.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In February, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In February, the Panther Creek Pack was located in their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. Alpha Female 1339 was returned to the wild from captivity and released back in the Panther Creek Pack’s territory. The members of the pack have been travelling separately.

Pine Spring Pack (collared f1562 and AM1394)

In February, the Pine Spring Pack was located within their territory in the north central portion of the ASNF. The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pair to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488 and M1471)

In February, F1488 was documented travelling within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. M1471 from the Elk Horn Pack has been documented travelling with Prime Canyon F1488 since December and is now considered a part of the Prime Canyon Pack.

Saffel Pack (collared AM1441, AF1567, mp1661, and mp1680)

In February, the Saffel Pack was located in their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Single collared m1477

In February, m1477 was documented in the east central portion of the ASNF and occasionally on the SCAR.

Single collared f1484

In February, f1484 was documented travelling alone to the east of the Panther Creek Pack’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. The IFT confirmed the mortality of f1484 in February. The incident is under investigation.

Single collared F1489

In February, F1489 has been travelling on the east side of Bluestem’s traditional territory in the east Central portion of the ASNF.

Single Collared m1571

In February, m1571 was documented making dispersal movements in the north central portion of the ASNF. Male 1571 has been documented travelling with Hoodoo f1550 during the month of February.

Single collared m1572

In February, m1572 was documented making wide dispersal movements in the Coconino National Forest and through the western portion of the ASNF. In February, the IFT confirmed the mortality of m1572. The incident is under investigation.

Single collared m1673

In February, m1673 made dispersal movements back into Arizona and has been documented travelling in the area north of Bear Wallow Pack’s territory.

ON THE FAIR:

Baldy Pack (collared AM1347 and mp1672)

In February, the Baldy Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR and the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343, AF1283, and fp1674)

In February, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

Single Collared wolf m1559

In February, m1559 was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR with f1679.

Single Collared wolf f1560

In February, f1560 was documented travelling with the Baldy Pack in the eastern portion of the FAIR and north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Single Collared f1679

In February, f1679 was documented travelling with m1559 in the eastern portion of the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Copper Creek Pack (collared AM1386)

During February, the Copper Creek Pack was documented travelling in the western portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF), within the packs traditional territory.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared AF1456 and AM1354)

During February, the Dark Canyon Pack was documented travelling together within their traditional territory, in the west central portion of the GNF.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During February, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF. Sub-adult m1556 continued to show dispersal behaviour. Male 1555 was also documented making dispersal movements in February.

Lava Pack (collared AF1405 and AM1285)

During February, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south-eastern portion of the GNF.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During February, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness. Male 1561 continued to make dispersal movements within the GNF.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158, AF1487, and fp1684)

During February, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a food cache for the Luna pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and fp1664)

During February, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north-western portion of the GNF. Female pup 1664 was released within the Mangas Pack territory after temporary medical treatment for a foot injury.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, f1565, mp1669, and mp1678)

During February, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and fp1578)

During February, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, AF1553, mp1667, and fp1682)

During February, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Single collared AM1155

During February, AM1155 of the old Morgart’s Pack was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single Collared M1453

In February, M1453 was documented travelling within the ASNF at the beginning of the month, then returned to the western portion of Cibola National Forest (CNF). M1453 has been documented travelling with f1685.

Single collared m1486

During February, m1486 travelled throughout the northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared m1569

During February, m1569 travelled throughout the central and northern portion of the CNF and in portions of the GNF.

Single Collared f1685

During February, f1685 was documented travelling with M1453 in the western portion of the CNF.

Single collared AM1038

During February, AM1038 of the old Hawks Nest Pack was documented travelling in north central portions of the GNF and was located at least once travelling with f1473.

Single collared f1473

During February, f1473 was documented travelling in north central portions of the GNF and was located at least once travelling with AM1038.

MORTALITIES

In February, f1484 was located dead in Arizona, the incident is under investigation.

In February, m1572 was located dead in Arizona, the incident is under investigation.

From January 1 to February 28, 2018 there have been a total of two documented wolf mortalities.

INCIDENTS

During the month of February, there were nine confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock. There were five nuisance incidents investigated in February, three of which were confirmed as wolf by the IFT. From January 1 to February 28, 2018 there have been a total of 14 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in New Mexico and three confirmed depredation incidents in Arizona.

On February 1, the IFT received a report of three wolves near an occupied residence in Apache County, AZ. The IFT confirmed the presence of wolves, but they had left the area by the time the report came in.

On February 2, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On February 5, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a probable wolf kill.

On February 5, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On February 6, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a probable wolf kill.

On February 6, the IFT received a report of a wolf from a highway in Catron County, NM. The IFT confirmed a wolf was in the area and attempted to haze the animal away, but the animal had already left the area.

On February 8, WMAT investigated a dead heifer on the FAIR. The investigation determined the heifer died of unknown causes.

On February 8, WMAT investigated a dead cow on the FAIR. The investigation determined the cow died of unknown causes.

On February 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On February 20, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On February 21, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On February 21, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by coyotes.

On February 23, the IFT received a report of a wolf feeding on an elk carcass in the vicinity of occupied residences. The IFT responded immediately, confirmed the presence of a wolf in the area and attempted to haze, but the animal had already left the area.

On February 24, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On February 27, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On February 28, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On February 28, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On February 6, WMAT met with Tribal and non-Tribal stakeholders and a consultant regarding predator/livestock coexistence/conflict mitigation.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

There are no project personnel updates for the month of February.

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at(505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

Other News

National

Next Door

Nothing to report

International

From ForceChange (TakeAction@ForceChange.com)

USA: Trump Tricked Us – Oppose His Quiet Plan to Allow Trophy Hunting

Trump has re-approved his plan to allow imports of dead exotic animals killed by trophy hunters. Previously, Trump had reversed this decision after public uproar, including by our community. However, once that uproar died down, Trump returned to his original decision to encourage trophy hunting. Sign this petition to denounce Trump’s support of trophy hunting: Sign petition.

Now it’s our turn to ask for help:

We are only able to continue our work due to the financial support from people like you. This is because running a major online activism platform is expensive. Without our Premium Members, we would be forced to shut down our operations — and animal abusers, environmental polluters and wrongdoers across the globe would breathe a sigh of relief knowing that there was one less watchdog shining light on their evil ways.

Don’t let this happen! Please consider upgrading right now: Upgrade here.

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From Selflovers (website)

USA: Thanks to new law, animal abusers will now be registered like sex offenders

Now that animal abuse is being taken way more seriously than ever before, more and more jurisdictions are altering their laws to reflect this new reality. A number of United States jurisdictions have made laws that require the names of animal abusers to be displayed in a registry that is similar to the ones that are used for sex offenders.

These registries are designed with the objective of keeping people who have harmed animals in the past from ever having the chance to do so again and they are a welcome addition to the lawmaking policies of places as disparate as New York City and Tampa, FL.

Retail outlets and shelters no longer have an excuse when it comes to providing animals to those who have a history of abuse, as they are required to have a prospective adopter read and sign an affidavit that provides assurance that they are not on the registry.

If you are a regular person who is in search of a pet sitter while you are away on vacation, these registries also take on added value, allowing you to vet candidates more readily and do the proper research before potentially leaving your animals in harm’s way.

The registries are not yet a requirement in all states, but they are slowly popping up throughout the country, in places like New York City (although theirs is not able to be viewed by the general public), Tennessee (whose is statewide) and Cook County, Illinois.

For those who consider pets to be family members, this is welcome news. Perhaps individuals who consider hurting animals in the future will reconsider their actions if they are aware of the fact that their name will end up on a list that is easily searchable. Having actual documentation to use makes life simpler for animal lovers, as well as law enforcement.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Wolves in the Yukon

To spot a wolf in Canada’s Yukon is a rare occasion, but they’re indeed out there – an estimated population of 5,000 wolves calls the Yukon their home, which comes to about one wolf every 96 square km. Their geographic range spreads from the boreal forest to the alpine and Arctic tundra with only the vast Kluane Icefield being unoccupied. While wolves in many parts of North America had been exterminated and then reintroduced in some parts they are still thriving in the Yukon.

The wolves in the Yukon are not unique in any sense but just normal Grey wolves like all the others living in other wild areas. The difference here is the ecosystem they move through so invisibly is still intact because of a natural predator-prey system, meaning that the wolf and ungulate populations (mostly moose and caribou and, to a lesser extent, mountain sheep) are largely in balance. Of course have humans not always been content to leave that balance alone, but wolves existed in the Yukon as many as 47,000 years ago.

The wolf-human conflict did not become a major issue in the territory until the 20th century, after the Klondike Gold Rush brought thousands of newcomers to the area. It was then that trappers in a booming and busting fur industry began to complain that wolves were harming their business, blaming the wolves for decrease of numbers of ungulates. In the 1920s it was allowed to use strychnine baits for wolves, and a system of wolf bounties was set up. Eventually, the government took control of the strychnine programs.

In his book Wolves of the Yukon author Bob Hayes describes his arrival by helicopter on the scene of a strychnine bait site in 1985 where he found a sow grizzly bear crumpled in the trees, two wolves, 10 ravens and six magpies besides of hundreds of dead chickadees on the ground and in the willow branches.

In 1972 the use of Strychnine use was restricted but its use continued illegally in some quarters for several years with nobody ever charged. Bob Hayes, a biology grad, was offered the position of wolf biologist for the Yukon government in 1982. The carnivores were a hot topic at the time, with Whitehorse residents concerned about incursions into their yards and subdivisions, and hunters in the Southern Lakes region of the territory upset about low moose numbers.

Bob Hayes took the job and kept it for 18 years. After one decade on the job the government launched a new wolf management plan in 1992, which included some progressive and pro-wolf elements such as the assertion that wolves had an inherent value in and of themselves — beyond their influence, positive or negative, on human concerns such as game availability or the safety of neighbourhood pets. But it also made provision for legalized aerial wolf control as a means to protect ungulate populations for human hunting.

After the 1992 plan was adopted, a large-scale aerial wolf-kill program was launched in the Aishihik region, near Kluane National Park and Reserve and the town of Haines Junction. Dozens of wolves were shot from helicopters, and because Hayes was the as the government’s leading wolf biologist and therefore responsible for overseeing the program, was suddenly viewed by activists as Wolf Enemy No. 1.

The furor over the wolves in the Yukon has almost died down since the 1990s and after Bob Hayes had left his post in 2000 he became a potent voice against aerial wolf killings and other lethal wolf-management methods. The Yukon government released a new wolf management plan in 2012 that put an end to government-run wolf killing programs. Mark O’Donoghue, a territorial biologist, was one of the authors of the new plan. This time the public was asked for their opinion and surprisingly they declared that they did not want to see any more of these big helicopter wolf-control programs. This change in public sentiment was based on ethical considerations as well as on concerns over the programs’ high costs and low efficacy. For now this plan is working and the wolf population is healthy the impact of climate change could turn into another benefit for the wolves – some of the territory’s tundra is gradually becoming taiga, a moose habitat and an increasing moose density.

Original source: Canadian Geographic 2017, “They’re out there” by Eva Holland, kindly made available by our supporter, Andreas Schillert.

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 148

Face to Face
by Ally Cleetz
based on a true story

The highway seemed to stretch without an end as I drove along for home. It was on that bright, summer morning as I was driving with the deep woods on either side of me that I saw it up ahead.

I pulled over to the curb, thinking the long-legged animal was a deer. But to my surprise, I saw a lean, gray wolf, standing in the underbrush on the edge of the woods. Stepping out of my car, I stood thirty feet from the wolf.

It was my first sighting of a wolf in my whole life and I was thrilled. My heart beat quicker as the wolf and I stared for what seemed a moment frozen in time.

The wolf wasn’t sleek but mangy and thin, as if it’d had a rough life over the past winter months.

I wondered just what it was like to be a lone wolf in an area I didn’t think had wolves. Was it lonely? Did it long for a mate of its own?

Then, time moved forward and the wolf turned and dashed into the darkness of its wooded home.

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary
By Erin

I cannot believe how time is flying – hasn’t it just been New Year a few days back? – and suddenly it’s again the middle of March. The furry kids are all but through with shedding hair, which is great because I already feared my vacuum cleaner would not survive this season. We had loads of work over the year’s end season and maybe that’s why time seemed to be flying.

One thing that came up over the last few months was this: For donkey years we have been employing the same feeding routine and it always worked fine, until Ascar II suddenly decided that all three having a food bowl with an equal portion in it was not in line with his understanding of pack rules. Every day at feeding time, he now started to first inspect his food bowl, then move over to Kajack’s, pushing him aside and making it clear that Kajack II was not allowed to eat before he, Ascar, had taken out the best bits. That caused great irritation with Taima, the undisputed boss, who started to snarl at him and show him her K9s, but then was so unsettled that she would abandon her bowl and retreat into the house. That’s what I call true disharmony at the dinner table.

My first try to solve this problem was to take Ascar’s bowl away as soon as his nose was buried in Kajack’s and give it to Kajack. I also placed Taima’s bowl farther away from the two others to give her more space and peace. That worked for about two days, and then Ascar started to move between the two remaining bowls, pushing Kajack away from the bowl he was just busy with and wandering off to inspect Taima’s. Next try was to place Taima’s bowl inside the house so that at least one of them could eat without interruptions and hold Kajack’s bowl on my lap while Ascar’s was placed in front of him. That also worked for another two or three days, and then the game started over, because now Ascar only wanted to eat from the bowl on my lap. O.k., boys; my lap is not big enough for two bowls, but my arms are long enough to hold both with outstretched arms, one to the right, one to the left. You should give that a try – it’s better than a workout at the Gym!

It worked for about a week, but then Ascar decided that this was still not good enough for him and I started to feel like that guy on the airfield directing the aeroplanes from and to their parking spots, and slowly but surely I was running out of ideas. Then Ted came to the rescue – Taima eating inside the house, Ted holding Ascar’s bowl for him, and I, at some distance, held Kajack’s. O.k., that seemed to be fine – for a while … After that we decided to feed Taima in the passage where she was feeling comfortable, Kajack in the kitchen, and Ascar outside, with the doors between them closed. Ted was in the house with Kajack and Taima and I was outside with Ascar. Oh boy, what a chaos! The only one eating was Taima; Ascar had nothing else on his mind but finding a way inside to get to Kajack’s food and Kajack refused to eat being separated from his idol (regardless of all the mobbing he has to endure from Ascar he worships the ground he is walking on), wanting to get out to him. When I already thought that this nightmare would never end I remembered the way they do it in the wild. If there are no cubs, the alphas will eat first, take the best morsels and only when they allow the rest of the pack to join in they can also have their rations. O.k., maybe I had to try a completely different approach.

Since just throwing the food out on the lawn would never work because the only one getting some would be Ascar, I took a big bowl and put all the food in it. They typically get chicken feet, heads and necks, sometimes chicken parts, and when I can get my hands on game offcuts from our butcher they will get chunks of that. Then I took that bowl, went outside, sat on the step of the rear veranda and called them. I let Ascar, the alpha male, choose the first piece and while he was busy with it I started to throw each of the other two their pieces while they were standing at a short distance away from me. When Ascar had finished his piece he came for the next and I threw more food to the other two. This way they all got equal portions, and Ascar seemed to be perfectly o.k. with that method, his own concern apparently having been to claim ‘first choice’ for himself all the time.

Kajack has always been very good at catching in the air whatever you throw at him; Taima needed some time to learn it by watching him, but meanwhile she is almost as good as Kajack, and as long as they keep their distance to Ascar and he can choose his pieces from the bowl, he is happy with it. This method has now been working for many months without any problems and I’m happy to say that harmony at the dinner table could be re-established.

Will be continued…

Volume 13, Issue 160, February 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 160, February 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

Let’s see what we’ve got for you this month. First a long string of bad news for wolves in the US and, note that, Germany. The parallel development of matters wolf in these two countries is nothing short of shocking, at least as far as the state of Saxony is concerned. Read the various snippets for yourself and you will see what I mean.

Then we have a short excerpt from Rick Lamplugh’s writings, which, in spite of its being brief, sheds light on a crucial turning point in the joint history of man and wolf.

From here, this issue becomes unusual. First, we came across a tale authored by a sixteen year-old, and we found it so compelling that we thought we just had to draw your attention to it. What a writing talent!

And finally, a South African reader asked us if we could please publish her utterly sad story with a baby wolf, and we are only too willing to comply. I hinted to it already in the January issue, but now you can read it in full for yourself, as submitted. It is illustrated, and for this reason you’ll find it attached in PDF format. If you can help, please do…

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:
Wolves in a Changing World
October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.

Register now

Location & Lodging:
Minneapolis Marriott Northwest
7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428
Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Early registration – $399.00* (October 13, 2017 – May 31, 2018)
  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.
Learn more here.

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long!  The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12.  All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.
SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Spring Break Camp 
SPRING SESSION: APRIL 3 – 6
For children entering grades 3 – 5  ​
Time: 9AM – 3PM
Fee: $300 per child for the 4-day program (Tuesday – Friday)
Information & registration HERE!

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the center home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration.

Summer Internships for College Students

The Wolf Conservation Center is pleased to offer summer environmental education internship opportunities for college students! The environmental education internship is designed to expose interns to the field of conservation education and wildlife biology. Interns conduct a variety of education programs and assist with the daily operations of the WCC.

Information here.

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone (website)

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!
SUMMER FAMILY ADVENTURE: August 5 – 10, 2018: details here.
FALL WILDLIFE ADVENTURE: September 8 – 13, 2018: details here.

News from the Wolf Front

National

Nothing to report

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: Idaho wants to renew its rogue war on wolves

If you love wolves, we need your help now.

On January 25th, the Idaho Wolf Control Board will be asking the state legislature for even more money from taxpayers to fund their killing of wolves.

Stand with Defenders in the fight to project Idaho’s wolves: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=rldVZtrxYhbAFkGc4cng_g

During the first three years of the Wolf Control Board’s lethal removal program, over $1.2 million in taxpayer money was used for the sole purpose of killing wolves.

In that time, 177 wolves have been killed. Despite the tragic loss of life, there has been no reduction in livestock losses – the reason the control board was developed! This careless killing of wolves has to stop now!

It’s a proven fact: Wolves and people CAN share the landscape. Nonlethal coexistence measures pioneered by Defenders across the American West – like using livestock guard dogs, range riders and wolf-deterrent fencing – are not only more cost effective, they’re better at keeping animals out of harm’s way.

Enough is enough. Your urgent support for Defenders of Wildlife will help us continue the fight to protect wolves and other vulnerable wildlife: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=ISC7VHnMrdQbj3aTcdpAJg

Idaho’s wolves have been in mortal danger since Congress stripped them of federal protection in 2011. Since Idaho took over their management, the number of breeding pairs has plummeted and nearly 2,000 wolves have been killed – more than any other state in the Lower 48.

Defenders is the only national organization with staff on the ground in Idaho who not only helped restore wolves in the 1990s but are still actively working against such harmful programs at the statehouse and with the state wildlife commission.

Your urgent support will help us fight to end Idaho’s rogue war on wolves.

Please help – before it’s too late: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=JM0aYG954kj9vzYsGcQlKw

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Wolfsschutz Deutschland on Facebook.

1. Germany: Saxony: Again a death sentence for a wolf from Görlitz, Saxony! Please interfere!

Again a shooting order has been issued for a wolf in the Lausitz region of Saxony. Purportedly, it has attacked two dogs on a fenced-in property and killed one of them, but the facts are still unclear. The reports about that incident are controversial: one says that the dogs it killed were alone outside during the night, chained to a kennel. That causes the question of which responsible dog keeper would chain his beloved dog to a kennel outside at night in the middle of wolf territory, and then go straight to the newspaper the next morning demanding the wolf be killed?

Apparently this wolf suffers from mange, which is nothing more than suspicion based solely on some pictures taken by a photo trap. And just because residents “are concerned” the wolf must now be killed?

Please get organized and protest. It cannot be that yet another wolf is judged before all facts have been analysed. The fact that the administrative district office is apparently too scared that journalists and citizens could interfere shows the state of democracy in Saxony.

2a. Germany: Saxony: Please this petition for wolf Zottel – Nie wolno dać zabić wilka Zottel!

Another wolf has a target painted on his back in the Saxon border region to Poland. After we managed to prevent the shooting of Pumpak, a wolf from the Rosenthal pack, another wolf from Poland is about to lose its life. In autumn an éclat erupted with many people from Poland being shocked by the fact that a European bison that had passed the border from Poland was shot dead in Germany.
Find the petition to sign in German and Polish here.

Please help us to prevent this shooting order from being carried out!

2b. Germany: Saxony: Wolf Zottel was killed last Friday by order of the administration. Lay charges!

What a black day for nature conservation and democracy. Friday, the administrative district office Görlitz confirmed on their homepage in just one sentence that the “conspicuous” wolf has been “removed” (https://www.kreis-goerlitz.de/city_info/webaccessibility/index.cfm?item_id=852594&waid=392). This means in clear words nothing else but that the subadult wolf was killed.

It is unbelievable that district administrator Bernd Lange has plainly ignored the new wolf management plan of Saxony. Those who want to lay charges can do so via the Internet here.

The violated articles together with explanations can be found in the petition text at www.change.org/zottel.
Those who want to send complaints directly to the administrative district office can write to:
Landratsamt Görlitz
PF 30 01 52
02806 Görlitz
Important: please state the name of the office concerned in all correspondence!

Telephone: 03581 663-0
E-mail: info@kreis-gr.de , Büro.landrat@kreis-gr.de
Responsible for the shooting order is the Minister for Environmental Affairs, Thomas Schmidt. His contact details can be found here.
We from Wolfsschutz Deutschland (“Wolf Protection Germany”) are bewildered and shocked by such cold-blooded behaviour. We have laid charges against both the District Administrator and the Minister of Environmental Affairs as well as against the person who has executed the shooting order. Read our press release here

  1. Germany: New Joint Government wants to shoot wolves? Please remind the SPD of their Election Promise!

Recently, German national news reported that the parties CDU and SPD in their negotiations for forming a joint government (“GroKo”) have agreed on “decimating” the wolf population in Germany.

Aside from the fact that this would contravene EU legislation and incur penalties for Germany, it does not match at all what the SPD stated in the run-up to the elections. Quote: “We welcome the natural return of the wolf.”

The German wolf forms part of the Central European lowland population that, together with the Polish specimens, makes up about 500 animals. Scientific studies deem this population not yet self-sustainable so that it still enjoys particularly strict protection according to the FFH guidelines. The wolf in Germany is considered a strictly protected species as per National Nature Conservation Law (BNatschG).

“We welcome this strict protection status for the wolf and see no reason for changing it.”
This statement can be verified here.

We have sent an open letter to the SPD to remind them of their promise. Please become a co-signatory, for which you are welcome to reuse our letter.

  1. Brandenburg Farmer wants entire Pack to be shot. Please sign Jürgen’s Petition

19 Jan 2018
Defying clear-cut laws, the state of Brandenburg tries to bow to lobbyist groups of hunters, farmers and owners of forest parcels by permitting them to kill wolves. And the inventive wolf haters have promptly stepped up their game. Suddenly, there are more and more “dangerous” contacts with wolves, which turn out, in most instances, to be alternative facts, however. One farmer was even as cheeky as simply placing five sheep in an ill-secured pasture that had not been used before even though it was known that a pack of wolves lived nearby. It shows that “situations” are deliberately provoked in order to be able to apply for legal shooting permits. Now the first farmer from the district of Potsdam-Mittelmark has applied at the State Office for the Environment for “removal” of the so-called Dobbrikow Pack. If this application is granted, these wolves would either be killed or caught and rehomed. We cannot allow this to happen. Please sign this petition and spread the word: www.change.org/Brandenburgwoelfe

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: We’re Going to Court for Endangered Mexican Gray Wolves

A coalition of wolf advocates, including the Wolf Conservation Center, today filed a lawsuit challenging the Trump administration’s deeply flawed recovery plan for the Mexican gray wolf, one of North America’s most endangered mammals.

The lawsuit challenges the plan because it disregards the best available science in setting inadequate population goals, cuts off wolf access to vital recovery habitat, and fails to respond to mounting genetic threats to the species.

“Mexican wolves urgently need more room to roam, protection from killing, and more releases of wolves into the wild to improve genetic diversity, but the Mexican wolf recovery plan provides none of these things,” said Earthjustice attorney Elizabeth Forsyth, who is representing the wolf advocates.  “The wolves will face an ongoing threat to their survival unless major changes are made.”

The Trump administration issued the long-awaited recovery plan in November 2017.  The plan ignored comments submitted by tens of thousands of people—including leading wolf scientists—who challenged the quality of the science used and asked for stronger protections and more aggressive recovery efforts.  The best available science indicates Mexican wolf recovery requires at least three connected populations totalling approximately 750 individuals; a carefully managed reintroduction effort that prioritizes improving the genetic health of the animals; and establishment of at least two additional population centers in the southern Rockies and the Grand Canyon region.

The new plan disregarded that scientific evidence by failing to consider additional recovery areas in the United States.  Instead, it shifts much of the proposed recovery effort to Mexico, where adequate wolf habitat is not available.  The plan also calls for inadequate wolf numbers and fails to provide a sufficient reintroduction program to address genetic threats.

“Mexican wolves are vital to restoring natural balance in the Southwest, but they need a strong, science-based recovery plan to address urgent threats,” said Michael Robinson, a conservation advocate with the Center for Biological Diversity.  “We’re gravely concerned that Trump’s plan would cut wolves off from habitats in the Grand Canyon and southern Rockies and remove protections while they’re still imperilled.”

“The final recovery plan leaves too much to chance and will likely result in relisting the Mexican wolf again sometime in the future,” said Bryan Bird, Southwest director for Defenders of Wildlife. “This is a political plan, not a recovery plan that meets the standards of the Endangered Species Act.”

“This is a national issue. Mexican wolves help keep the American landscape intact and healthy. Our hope is that this legal challenge can help Fish and Wildlife Service create the best plan possible, based on sound science, to help save this critically endangered wolf,” said Virginia Busch, Executive Director of the Endangered Wolf Center near St. Louis, Mo.

“It is deeply disappointing to have waited 35 years for a new plan that is fatally flawed in so many ways.  The content of the plan was dictated primarily by state wildlife agencies known to be antithetical to meaningful recovery of Mexican wolves.  High-value habitats suitable for wolf recovery in the United States have been excluded from consideration.  And reliance on a foreign country, where the U.S. government has no authority, to achieve full recovery is fraught with risk for the long-term survival of our south-western lobos,” said David Parsons, former Mexican Wolf Recovery Coordinator for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

“The Service is granting the very state agencies that have gone to extraordinary lengths to obstruct recovery too much authority over the time, location, and circumstances of wolf releases,” said Maggie Howell of the Wolf Conservation Center. “Too many opportunities, and quite frankly genetically irreplaceable wolves have already been wasted under the states’ mismanagement — critically endangered lobos deserve better.”

Read more here.

  1. USA: Funding Bill Rider Slated to Open Trophy Hunting Seasons on Wolves

Facing another appropriations deadline on February 8, Congress is still working to determine how to fund the government. Unfortunately, damaging anti-wolf amendments (riders) that undermine Endangered Species Act (ESA) protections are still in play.
One provision seeks to permanently remove federal ESA protections for gray wolves in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, and Wyoming, to allow trophy hunting to resume. To add insult to injury, the bill prohibits its judicial review thus preventing any legal challenge.
Another provision goes as far as seeking to strip protections for critically endangered Mexican gray wolves.
As the rate of extinctions and the loss of biodiversity accelerates, the ESA is essential for keeping vulnerable species alive. If the appropriation bills pass as is, the act itself could become extinct.
Please tell Congress to stop the attacks on wildlife and oppose all legislation that targets wolves and endangered species.

Please sign here

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – December 1-31, 2017

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf. For information on the FAIR call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit www.wmatoutdoors.org.

Past updates may be viewed on these websites. Interested parties may sign upto receive this update electronically by visiting www.azgfd.com and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf telemetry flight location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH  or www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/RWL.cfm.

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: the Alpine wolf office at (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office at (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 388-4385 ext. 226. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

The USFWS published the 2018 Mexican Wolf Release and Translocation Plan on the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program website from December 4 to 29, in order to comply with the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish regulations for permits.  Over 100 public comments were received and will be forwarded to the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish for their review and consideration.

The USFWS attended the December 20, 2017 meeting of the New Mexico State Game Commission.  The Commission voted to 1) approve the Final Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan as written including comments as discussed at the August 24, 2017 and December 20, 2017 Commission Meetings; 2) allow the USFWS to import Mexican wolf pups born in the wild in Arizona to the Ladder Ranch in coordination with the 2018 cross-fostering events (in addition, no wolves shall be released from the Ladder Ranch into the wild without prior approval); 3) direct the Director to allow for the importation of one female adult wolf in Arizona into captivity for artificial insemination, for breeding and then release back into the wild in Arizona; 4) direct the Director to allow for the release of up to 12 wolf pups into the wild in New Mexico with the approval of the Chairman of the State Game Commission.

At the end of November, 2017, the USFWS posted on its website the finalized Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan, First Revision.  The goal of the plan is to provide guidance to recover the subspecies within the subspecies’ historical range in the South-western United States and Mexico.  The recovery plan provides measurable and objective criteria which, when met, will enable the USFWS to remove the Mexican wolf from the list of endangered species and turn its management over to the appropriate states and tribes. To review the recovery plan and related documents, visit the USFWS Mexican wolf website at:

www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) indicate wolves younger than 24 months or pups. A lower case letter “p” preceding the number is used to indicate a wolf pup born in the most recent spring. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups).  Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

During annual year-end population counts, the IFT documented a minimum of 113 Mexican wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico at the end of 2016.  At the end of December, there were 66 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring. The year-end population count for 2017 will be available sometime in mid-February.

Wolves with functioning radio collars are listed by studbook number in the pack updates below.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, AF1335, and m1673)

In December, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF), occasionally using the SCAR.  Yearling m1673 continued to make dispersal movements in December.

Bluestem Pack (collared F1489)

In December, F1489 continued making dispersal movements around the northern and western edges of the Bluestem Pack’s traditional territory in the central ASNF.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, m1471, f1473, m1477, fp1668, and mp1671)

In December, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  Three yearling wolves, m1471, m1473 and f1477, each made dispersal movements, travelling separately, from their natal territory.  Yearling m1477 was documented travelling with an uncollared wolf and maintaining a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  Hazing efforts were conducted this month by the IFT in order to address wolf-livestock conflict with the Elk Horn Pack.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In December, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, f1550, and mp1666)

In December, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In December, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (F1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In December, the Panther Creek Pack was located in the east central portion of the ASNF.  The IFT maintained a supplemental food cache for this pack with the goal of increasing survival of genetically valuable pups that the IFT cross-fostered into the Panther Creek Pack in May.

Pine Spring Pack (collared f1562)

In December, yearling f1562 was localized in the north central portion of the ASNF and has been documented travelling with an unknown collared wolf. This pair has been documented travelling together for over three months and thus have been named the Pine Spring Pack. The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pair to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488)

In December, F1488 was documented travelling within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  During December, Elk Horn disperser m1471 began travelling in the same territory in proximity to F1488.

Saffel Pack (collared AF1567 and mp1661)

In December, the Saffel Pack was located in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.

Single collared AM1038

In December, AM1038 of the old Hawks Nest Pack was located traveling in the north central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared f1484

In December, f1484 was documented traveling alone and occasionally with the Panther Creek Pack in the Panther Creek’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

ON THE FAIR:

Baldy Pack (collared mp1672)

In December, mp1672 was documented travelling occasionally with Diamond f1560 in the eastern portion of the FAIR.  Male pup 1672 was also located in the northern portion of ASNF.  AF1445 and AM1347 were not located by the IFT during 2017 and remain fate unknown.

Diamond Pack (collared m1559, f1560, m1571, and m1572)

In December, yearling m1559 was located on the FAIR.  Yearling f1560 was documented travelling occasionally with Baldy mp1672 in the eastern portion of the FAIR and on the north central portion of the ASNF.  Yearling m1571 continued to travel apart from other Diamond Pack members and made wide dispersal movements to the eastern portion of the FAIR and the central portion of the ASNF.  Yearling m1572 remained dispersed from traditional Diamond territory on the Coconino National Forest during the month of December.

Tsay o Ah Pack (collared M1343, AF1283, fp1674)

In December, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Copper Creek Pack (collared M1386)

During December, M1386 was documented travelling in the northeast portion of the Gila Wilderness, outside of Copper Creek Pack territory.  F1444 was not located during December.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared F1456 and M1354)

During December, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF).

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During December, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.  Sub-adult m1556 showed dispersal behaviour in December, and was located in the east portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Lava Pack (collared F1405 and AM1285)

During December, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south-eastern portion of the GNF.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During December, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158 and AF1487)

During December, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and fp1664)

During December, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the northwestern portion of the GNF.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, f1565, and mp1669)

During December, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and fp1578)

During December, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, AF1553, and mp1667)

During December, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Single collared AM1155

During December, AM1155 of the old Morgart’s Pack was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single collared m1486

During December, m1486 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared M1552

During December, M1552 travelled throughout central portion of the CNF and eastern portion of the GNF.

Single collared m1569

During December, m1569 travelled throughout central portion of the CNF and eastern portion of the GNF.  In December, m1569 was captured by a private trapper in the western portion of the CNF.  The IFT responded and processed, recollared, and released the animal on site.

Single M1453

On December 27, M1453 (previously fate unknown), was captured by a private trapper in the western portion of CNF.  The IFT processed, collared, and released the animal on site.

MORTALITIES

During December, a previously uncollared wolf, f1675, was located dead in Arizona. This incident is under investigation.  From January 1 to December 31, 2017 there have been a total of 12 documented wolf mortalities and one lethal removal (F1557).

INCIDENTS

During the month of December, there were 3 confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock and one confirmed wolf depredation on a domestic dog.  There was one nuisance incident investigated.  From January 1 to December 31, 2017 there have been a total of 19 confirmed depredation incidents in New Mexico and 15 confirmed depredation incidents in Arizona.

On December 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cause of death was unknown.

On December 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead heifer in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cause of death was unknown.

On December 18, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On December 26, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On December 27, Wildlife Services investigated a domestic dog attacked in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the incident was confirmed wolf.

On December 28, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

There are no communication and coordination updates to report for the month of December.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

There are no updates to project personnel for the month of December.

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at(505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

Other News

National

From Change.org (Salty Dog via Change.org [change@mail.change.org]

Demanding Justice for the Murdered Rhino in KwaZulu, Natal, South Africa

Please sign: Dumisani Gwala the Poaching Kingpin of that area and Killer of hundreds of Rhino is not being charged. International attention will make a huge difference. Thank you.

Next Door

Nothing to report

International

From Change.org (Salty Dog via Change.org [change@mail.change.org]

  1. Esmond Bradley Martin: US-Ivory investigator killed in Kenya

Esmond Bradley Martin, 75, was found in his Nairobi home on Sunday with a stab wound to his neck. The former UN special envoy for rhino conservation was known for his undercover work investigating the black market.

Read the full update here.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

The War on Wolves

by Rick Lamplugh, author and wildlife advocate

Let’s use the Middle Ages as a starting point for understanding this war. That was a time when horrifying rumours—some true—about rabid wolves killing humans spread across Europe. Governments declared war. In France in the 800s, the government hired an elite corps of hunters to control the wolf population. In England in the late 1200s, King Edward ordered the extermination of wolves in some parts of the country. In 1427, James of Scotland passed a law requiring three wolf hunts a year, even during denning season.

Those wolf wars were not waged in a vacuum. Around the time that King Edward ordered wolf extermination, the Little Ice Age chilled Europe, reducing harvests and creating painful shortages of crops and livestock. A few years later, the Great Famine struck, killing about ten percent of Europe’s population.

With families and friends starving and dying, few would accept wolves taking livestock. I can imagine the war cry spreading across the countryside: Protect our families, our animals! Kill all wolves!

Then conditions worsened…

To read more: https://goo.gl/XN8GtG

To listen: http://bit.ly/2FKk5nb

Indie author Rick Lamplugh writes to protect wildlife and preserve wild lands. His new book, Deep into Yellowstone, is available signed from Rick at http://bit.ly/2tIEt62, or unsigned on Amazon: http://amzn.to/2tgPU3E.

His best seller, In the Temple of Wolves, is available signed at http://bit.ly/1gYghB4, or unsigned at http://amzn.to/Jpea9Q.

A signed set of both books is available with free shipping at http://bit.ly/2uYTtsU.

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 147

KnightWolf and GrayWolf forever soul mates

by Laura Thai, age 16

The lone gray wolf stood out from the forest out looking the lake. She had been alone for some time. Her pack had died in the blizzard up north where she was from, the only survivor of the pack she had decided to make her way south. Maybe to find a mate or another pack she thought.

The long journey had taken its toll on the young female wolf and she needed to rest at what most wolves liked to call “Lake of the Wolves”. It was a resting place for traveling wolves and a playground as well.

She stood watching the other wolf packs wishing that she could be with them. But she couldn’t, she was an outcast now, she thought watching them. Slowly she made her way down to the lake. She took a seat down on a rock that wolves used for howling to one another which its edge hung over the lake. Laying down she looked down at her reflection. Thin and a little boney from starvation and small game that wasn’t enough to fill her.

A low growl came from behind her, she turned and found one of her packs old adversaries, a pure black wolf stood there growing at her. “Hello GrayWolf, I heard what happened to your pack. Want to join mine?”

“Not in a million lifetimes DarkWolf!!!! Eat scum!!!” she snapped back as her hackles and lips rose.

The black wolf came closer “Come on. Look how you look: all boney and thin. I don’t get how you even made your way down her without you dying”

“Step any closer and you will wish your mother never birthed you in the litter!— Oh wait she already wished that, too bad it never happened!!”

The black wolf got ready to pounce but everything had gone quiet. Every wolfs attention that had been on them turned their heads to the part of the forest where the moon light settled. Even the young black alpha male that was fighting with the gray wolf had looked.

She watched as four wolves emerged from the forest. The leader; ahead of the pack was black and white. Strong and athletic, and stood proudly out of the forest. He was known as Knight-Wolf.

All knew who he and his pack were. They were the wolf pack of the lake of the wolves. And all knew Knight-Wolf, and all knew what happened to his alpha female three winters back. But no one knew why he hadn’t already chosen another mate. Some just thought he wasn’t ready yet. Some thought he hadn’t found the right one yet. And no one dared asking to join in on such an honor of being with such a royal and most respected pack.

Knight-Wolf stood at the edge of the woods surveying the scene. He sniffed the air for any new sent. . . The wind carried a new sent. One that hadn’t been there for over 2 years. He let his nose point to the direction of the new sent and it pointed him to a young , shaggy, thin, lone gray wolf who was fighting with one of the black males of the Black woods, in which he had dealt with many a time. He turned to his pack. “Go rest. I’m going to check something out.” They nodded and ran off.

Knight-wolf started toward the young female. “LEAVE THE FEMALE ALONE DARKWOLF!!! YOU HAVE NO RIGHT TO CLAIM NOR FIGHT WITH THE FEMALES ON MY TARRITORY!!!” Knight-Wolf snapped.

The dark wolf snarled and reluctantly left unharmed. No wolf dared to ever fight with Knight-Wolf one reason was that it was his territory. Second, he was very strong and powerful and had so much respect that every wolf would start to defend him if necessary, leading in death or bloodshed.

Knight-Wolf turned to the young female wolf. “Are you okay???” he asked going over to her. Even if she was tattered and looked shaggy she looked. . . Beautiful in his eyes.

She shook off. “Yeah, I guess I’ll live,” She said looking him over with big brown eyes.

“I’m happy of that. You are new here aren’t you?” he asked.

She shook her head. “No, I am no. I came from the north to seek a mate.”

“What happened to your pack and what is your name my I ask??”

“GrayWolf, and my pack-” there was a long pregnant pause, “- is dead. They died of a snow storm that happened a while back. I was the only survivor. I am in also need of a pack,” she added.

He lowered his head in reverence. “I am so deeply sorry to hear that Gray,” he said. “Will you walk with me around for a while so we may get to know each other? Are you hungry??”

She licked her lips. “I am starving. I haven’t eaten in like a week thank you. And after I eat yes, we can walk around. I think I’ll like the company of another for a bit. It’s been so long.”

“Follow me, my pack left leftovers back in the woods. It was too big to consume so we saved some for later. Its deer.” he said leading her into the woods. They both felt every set of eyes on them as they entered.

He watched as she wolfed down the still fresh meat he thought of her hard hardships that she had endured just to get here. This wasn’t a mere accident of her coming down here. It was fate. Something called to him that wasn’t there before, something his soul had recognized. He looked up at the shiny bright stars. ‘Is this my true calling’ he called silently. ‘give me a sign’! he saw a shooting star fly across the starry sky. ‘Is that my sign???’ he asked. Again another star shot across the sky. His eyes smiled.

“What’s wrong Knight-Wolf?” the young gray wolf said looking up to the heavens with Knight-Wolf.

‘Nothing is the matter GrayWolf,” shyly he looked away. “How would you like to join my pack Gray? It would be an honor if you did?”

“Your not serious are you?” she said with a slight wag of her tail.

“I am dead serious, I don’t say thing’s I don’t mean you know,” he said truthfully.” Besides you can take the alpha female role.”

“But we just met.”

“I know, but we can get to know each other. Common what do you say? Please??” he said waging his tail.

“Well. . . I think I can. I have no pack and I came here to get one, and here I got more than I bargained for. So. . . yes I will”

He licked her happily. “Come let’s let the pack know. Come howl with me my new mate”.

Together they sent a call that he had finally found his mate. It was a call that every wolf hoped for knight wolf’s pack. They would see the happier side to him and the rest of the pack. The new pair smiled at each other, “come run with me. I want to be at your side always and forever” he said starting to run. She kept pace with him with ease as they ran side by side alone the lake water’s edge, forever bound to each other. . .

Readers’ Contribution

See the attachment in PDF format:

Safhowl.160 Attachment

Volume 13, Issue 159, January 2018

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 159, January 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

A Happy New Year to all our loyal readers!

The “Crazy Season” as it is aptly termed was one of mixed feelings for us this time around. The week before Xmas, a lady unknown to us to this point contacted us and shared with us a most heartbreaking story of a small she-wolf cub she had rescued from a pet shop in the north of Jo’burg. Within days, it came down with parvovirosis, was hospitalized, released too early, had a relapse, was admitted to another veterinary hospital, and there the whole thing was eventually buggered up so thoroughly that the little girl died crying in the arms of her rescuer. Even though we did not know the lady or the cub, we were in tears for days afterwards. To add insult to injury, the well-meaning lady was left with a giant debt in vet fees, and the final hospital did not shy from keeping the girl’s ashes as collateral.

Then, no sooner had we mailed out our personal Season’s Greeting that we learnt from the wife of an old friend of ours that he might just make it to one more Xmas Day, having been diagnosed with a massive brain tumor some time earlier.

Eventually Xmas arrived and we enjoyed a new, huge, high-quality Xmas tree that Erin had managed to secure for us in a local church charity auction. Xmas Day then was so hot that we couldn’t stay in house, but had to seek climatic refuge on our veranda that is always cool and airy due to some clever construction that came into being by various coincidences. Otherwise the holidays were rather quiet, just as we like it.

New Year’s Eve came and went, with just a little fireworks from a new neighbour, which somewhat upset the pack and made us try out a homemade calming remedy a friend had given us for just this purpose. It worked like a charm!

With 2018 now underway in earnest, its first week was spoiled completely when we learnt, entirely unexpectedly, that Maiyun, the last surviving cub from our two litters from Ulaala had to be put to rest. We were, and still are, deeply saddened, but nevertheless managed, with great difficulty, to grant him an obituary at the end of this newsletter.

I will refrain from adding more text here. Simply read this newsletter for yourself and see where you can help with a signature or more. The wolves of the world will need all your and our support in 2018 as well…

Till the next time,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)
Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:
Wolves in a Changing World
October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.
Register now

Location & Lodging:

Minneapolis Marriott Northwest
7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428

Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Early registration – $399.00* (October 13, 2017 – May 31, 2018)
  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more here.

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs.

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long!  The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12.  All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.
SUMMER SESSIONS
Time: 
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Sessions for children entering Grades 5 – 6 

Spring Break Camp 
SPRING SESSION: APRIL 3 – 6
For children entering grades 3 – 5  ​
Time: 9AM – 3PM
Fee: $300 per child for the 4-day program (Tuesday – Friday)
Information & registration HERE!

 

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the center home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration here.

Summer Internships for College Students

The Wolf Conservation Center is pleased to offer summer environmental education internship opportunities for college students! The environmental education internship is designed to expose interns to the field of conservation education and wildlife biology. Interns conduct a variety of education programs and assist with the daily operations of the WCC.

Information here.

 

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!

SUMMER FAMILY ADVENTURE: August 5 – 10, 2018: More info.

FALL WILDLIFE ADVENTURE: September 8 – 13, 2018: More info.

News from the Wolf Front

National

Nothing to report

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: eNews: A New Year for wildlife awaits

Red wolf numbers have plummeted to less than 25 individuals. To make matters worse, a recent Senate Interior spending bill is calling for an end to the 30-year red wolf recovery efforts and for a declaration of red wolves as extinct in the wild.
Learn more

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

1. Germany: Are Wolves deliberately baited to justify their shooting?

In Berlin, the political parties CDU and SPD are presently trying to form a great coalition. Which effect such coalition could have on our wolves in Germany can be imagined by looking at the Brandenburg Wolf Act that became effective 1 January 2018. This act was driven by the Brandenburg Minister for Environmental Affairs Vogelsänger (SPD) and the Minister for Environmental Affairs of Saxony, Schmidt (CDU), is said to have been his supportive advisor.

Read this article [in German] here.
According to it, wolves in Brandenburg could now be killed without trying to scare them off before. Furthermore a wolf can be shot by a hunter without consultation of an expert advisor if he has killed twice.
A wolf friend and farmer of grazing livestock has been to an area in Brandenburg that has been making headlines for years. She experienced the unbelievable; sheep are left grazing unprotected in the midst of the forest and wolf habitat, no electric fencing, nothing (http://wolfsschutz-deutschland.de/2018/01/07/brandenburger-wolfsverordnung-freibrief-zum-woelfe-toeten/).

One could now accuse the farmer of deliberately offering his sheep to the wolves, but why would he do that? Is he trying to create the facts that are provided for in the wolf act for shooting wolves?

Please direct your protests to the minister:
Tel.: 0331/ 866 -7001

The secretary:
Tel.: 0331/ 866 -7004

 

The Office of the Minister and State Secretary for Coordination, Cabinet, Provincial Parliament and Federal Council
Tel.: 0331/ 866 -7015
The Print media/Public Relations and International Cooperation

Tel.: 0331/ 866 -7237
Fax: 0331/ 866 -7018
E-mail: Pressestelle@MLUL.Brandenburg.de

  1. Jan Olsson via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Germany: “Daybreak” in the wolf area – The Fight for the (Survival) Life of our Wolves!

An eventful wolf-year has come to an end.

On behalf of the W-I-S-Z-V, I want to thank all of you from the bottom of my heart for your support during the year.
Your commitment for the petition “With the human! – For the Wolf!” and the W-I-S-Z-V shows those in the say how many people are willing to campaign for our wolves!
Furthermore we want to thank everybody who made a financial contribution to the W-I-S-Z-V for the protection of wolves! That’s the only way we can effectively protect the wolves from what is threatening their lives!
But the new year already shows that there are new tasks and that initiatives and arrangements for the protection of the wolves will be necessary.

Our wolves are in urgent need of your support in the New Year too! Please, participate!

In the nearer future we will specifically involve ourselves in the following tasks:
– Protecting the Goldenstedt she-wolf and her pack from illegal and legal shooting;
– Protecting of the Cuxhaven pack from shooting;
– Preventing the shooting of a wolf from the Rosenthal pack;
– Clarifying the illegal shooting of the Cuxhaven she-wolf;
– Launching cost-intensive court cases for the prevention of “legal” shootings, if necessary, in Cuxhaven, Goldenstedt and other locations;
– Coordinating and effectuating actions, if necessary, in Cuxhaven, Goldenstedt and other localities for the prevention of shootings of wolves by “snipers” commissioned by the authorities;
– Intensifying research by the W-I-S-Z-V for a better understanding of behaviours and for the protection of our wolves.
We wish you a happy and successful New Year 2018!

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Pilots to the Rescue Making A Difference for Endangered Wolves

Santa isn’t the only one taking to the sky to make special deliveries this season! Pilot Patrick Lofvenholm might not be flying by sleigh and magic reindeer, but his contribution to the red wolf recovery program is better than anything that can fit under a tree: Lofvenholm’s precious cargo is “M1606”, an elusive captive red wolf from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Sandy Ridge facility in N.C.

Wolf Conservation Center curator Rebecca Bose met Lofvenholm at Raleigh-Durham International Airport early Sunday to load the wolf onto his light, twin-engined piston aircraft for transport to Westchester County Airport in White Plains, New York.

The critically endangered fellow will be paired with F2121 (a.k.a. Charlotte), a red wolf who currently resides at the WCC, in hope that they will make a priceless contribution to the recovery of their rare species with pups next spring.

The Species Survival Plan (SSP) management group for the red wolf determines which captive wolves should breed each year by using software developed for the population management of endangered species. Genetic diversity is the primary consideration in the selection of red wolf breeding pairs because all red wolves descended from just fourteen founders rescued from extinction.
This is not the first animal mission for Lofvenholm, for close to 10 years the dedicated pilot has been helping canines in need by transporting dogs rescued from kill-shelters to safe havens or forever homes. Lofvenholm is a member of the wonderful team at Pilots to the Rescue (PTTR), a volunteer-based non-profit aviation organization that donates flights to make a difference for animals.

“We are excited to be working with the Wolf Conversation Center in transporting this critically endangered passenger,” said PTTR founder Michael Schneider. “Pilots to the Rescue has generally been involved in dog rescue so this is a welcome pivot with our organization.  We recognize the grave situation that the red wolf population is in and we want to contribute to saving these animals.  After all, without wolves where would the common domestic dog be?”
Learn more about Pilots to the Rescue at http://www.pilotstotherescue.org/   

  1. Budget Rider seeks to open Trophy Hunting Seasons on Wolves

USA: Budget Rider takes Aim at Wolves

Right now, the House and Senate are still working to determine how to fund the government, and damaging anti-wolf amendments (riders) that undermine Endangered Species Act (ESA) protections are still in play.
One provision seeks to permanently remove federal ESA protections for gray wolves in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, and Wyoming, to allow trophy hunting of wolves to resume within these states. To add insult to injury, the bill prohibits its judicial review thus preventing any legal challenge.
Another provision goes as far as seeking to strip protections for critically endangered Mexican gray wolves.
As the rate of extinctions and the loss of biodiversity accelerates, the ESA is essential for keeping vulnerable species alive. If we allow the draft appropriation bills to pass as is, the act itself could become extinct.
Please tell Congress to stop the attacks on wildlife and oppose all legislation that targets endangered species.

Take Action here.

From Endangered Species Coalition (action@endangered.org)

  1. USA: Attacks on the Endangered Species Act push red wolves closer to extinction

Congress has waged a relentless series of attacks on the Endangered Species Act this year, and 2018 is likely to be even worse.

Support the Endangered Species Act with a 100% tax-deductible donation today to the Endangered Species Coalition’s campaign to protect this crucial safeguard.

The Senate will consider legislation soon that could contain multiple attacks on endangered species. One of the most concerning is an attempt to shut down all efforts to save highly endangered red wolves.

There are fewer than 50 of these wolves in the wild today, yet some in Washington, D.C. are seeking to abandon them to extinction. A provision in the Department of Interior spending bill asks the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS) to “end the Red Wolf recovery program and declare the Red Wolf extinct.” We know that if red wolves have habitat and the protections of the Endangered Species Act, they can come back. This action – should it succeed – is nothing short of intentional extinction.

Fight for red wolves and other endangered species with your year-end donation to the Endangered Species Coalition here.

This assault on conservation is just one of what are expected to be several attempts to weaken or dismantle the Endangered Species Act and put wildlife at risk.

In addition to this attack on red wolves, Gray wolves in the Great Lakes could lose all protections, and there is yet another bill that would kick highly endangered Mexican gray wolves off of the endangered species list. Still more bills target prairie chickens and endangered beetles. Even the ability of citizens to access the courts to gain protections for species is at risk.

Congress will hit the ground running in 2018. Please make a 100% tax-deductible donation today so that we can meet them with determined grassroots opposition: Donate here.

Your gift will be matched up to $15,000 by our board of directors.

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

  1. USA: Wisconsin could kill two-thirds of the wolves in its borders

Thanks to the protections of the Endangered Species Act, gray wolves are recovering in the Great Lakes and around the country. Where fields and forests were once devoid of their wild howl, they are now able to form packs and reclaim their ancestor’s habitats free of threats posed by hunters’ bullets and traps.

This could all come to an end very soon. Legislation is pending in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate that would rewrite the rules of the Endangered Species Act and slash protections for these still-recovering wolves.

Make a 100% tax-deductible donation today to help keep wolves and other endangered species protected. If you give before the 31st, your donation will be matched dollar-for-dollar up to our goal of $15,000 by generous and committed members of our board of directors: Donate here.

Wolves in Wisconsin could be subjected to some of the most draconian attacks in the last century. Leaked communications show that the state intends to kill as many as two-thirds of the wolves in its borders. By bullet, by trap, or even by attacking packs of dogs, they plan to wipe out most of these creatures that you and I have worked so hard to bring back.

We can still stop them. The Senate will likely move quickly in 2018 to pass spending bills that could contain wolf delisting and other dangerous “riders.” Killing these bills will be our primary priority. We have worked for months to build opposition to these legislative assaults and will bring every resource we have to this fight.

The future of these wolves – and of the Endangered Species Act – hangs in the balance. Please join us in the fight by making a 100% tax-deductible donation.

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

  1. USA: The mother of these wolves could have been gunned down

These healthy, exuberant wolves might never have been born if it were not for the support of people like you. In 2016, our Great Lakes Representative worked tirelessly to mobilize opposition to a predator killing contest in Wisconsin. Thanks to her efforts, the contest did not happen. A female wolf that is a member of an area pack went on to have pups that went on to become the yearling wolves pictured above. Had the contest gone ahead, she and the rest of her pack could have been killed by hunters.

That is just one example of how organizing works to save species. We will have our work cut out for us stopping attacks on wolves and other endangered species in 2018. If you make your 100% tax-deductible gift it will be matched dollar-for-dollar by our board of directors up to our $15,000 goal. I hope we can count on your support: Donate here.

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

From Take Action! at GreaterGood Network (news@greatergood.com)

  1. Save Mexican Gray Wolves From Extinction

Mexican gray wolves are the most endangered subspecies of wolves in the world and unless more of them are released into the wild, they are doomed to go extinct.
Once a conservation success story, the number of Mexican gray wolves in the wild has dwindled drastically after years of delaying needed releases of wolves from captivity. At the end of 2015, there were an estimated 97 of these wolves in the world, and 14 Mexican gray wolf deaths were documented last year, marking the most in any single year since the federal government began reintroducing them in New Mexico and Arizona in 1998.
Please sign our petition to tell the Trump administration to release more wolves into the wild before it’s too late.

Sign our petition.

Other News

National

Nothing to report

Next Door

Nothing to report

International

From ForceChange (TakeAction@ForceChange.com)

Colombia: Justice for Abandoned Dog Who ‘Died of a Broken Heart’ at Airport

A dog abandoned at the Colombian Bucaramanga airport and named “Traveling Cloud” by bystanders, has died of a broken heart. The poor creature became severely depressed after being left behind by her owner. Eventually she stopped eating and recently died of starvation. Sign this petition to demand justice for this poor animal.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Wolves in Sweden

by Louise de Toit

A TRIBUTE TO GRIMMA: Dear friends, earlier today, the beautiful female wolf, Grimma, who came from Norway and settled in Sweden, was shot by a hunter in Södertörn, a few miles south of Stockholm. I am dedicating my song, “For Every Fallen Wolf”, to her and all the other persecuted wolves of the Swedish wolf hunt.

The 2018 licensed hunt, which takes place in five counties between January 2nd and February 15th, with a limit on the number which may be killed in each county, has a quota of twenty-two wolves this year. On the first day, eight wolves were shot, with the hunting magazine, “Svensk Jakt”, reporting that two of the deceased wolves had scabies. With Grimma and three more wolves killed since then, the total of the deceased wolves now stands at twelve.

According to recent estimates, Sweden has a total wolf population of around 355 animals. Wolf hunting is legal in Sweden and it is closely regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency. However, the hunt has always been controversial, with various organizations, including the Swedish Carnivore Association, calling for the hunt to be stopped – while organizations like the National Hunting Association had requested that it be extended.

One simple way to oppose the Scandinavian wolf hunts is by signing and sharing the following petitions – please add your signatures:

https://www.change.org/p/stop-all-hunt-on-wolves-in-sweden

https://www.petitions24.com/ja_til_ulv_i_norsk_natur_nei_ti…

You can listen to the song here: https://soundcloud.com/louise-du-toit/for-every-fallen-wolf

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 146

Wolf My Guide

by Dances-with-sacred-landscape (Barb Campbell)

I wander the wilderness alone, the tears burn down my frozen cheeks.
I am lost and far from home, exhausted I crumple to my knees.
I gaze to the mountains peak, soon it will be dark.
I am cold and I am weak, to push on I know I must.

But strength I cannot spare, so I lay upon the snow.
Watch my breath in the air, seeing where it will go.
My thoughts bring me back to the wolf not far away.
Lying so still within the trap, death came to her today.

The pain inside me grows, I simply cannot understand.
Why the Wolf they chose to banish from this land.
My life I’d gladly give, if it would only bring her back.
I wanna see her live, be united with her pack.

I close my eyes, they are sore and await for death’s embrace.
I cannot go on anymore, the pain soon erased.
Within the darkened night I am awakened suddenly.
A Wolf gave me quite a fright, but it is her I see!

Silvery fur against the Moon, her eyes filled with love.
She sings a beautiful tune, like an angel from high above.
I felt the tears flow again as I held onto her so tight.
Numbness turned to pain, she kept me warm that night.

By the warmth of the sun, I awaken to see her leave.
She tells me her work’s nearly done, I’m to get back on my feet.
Whenever you feel lost inside or even feel alone.
Call on Wolf to be your guide, I will take you home.

Follow now she says, you’ll see, tread now in my path.
You were wanting to give your life for me, I give you something back.
That happened four years ago, I recalled it best I could.
I smile quite often as I know, she still roams within the woods.

I call upon her often still, she’s wise and pure at heart.
A love no one can ever fill, I know we’ll never part.
Should next time a Wolf you meet, take the time to understand.
Put down your gun, learn to speak and listen…
You’ll learn much about this land!

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

It is with great sadness that I have to report on the death of Maiyun, brother of Kaki, Kapu I and Pachua, son of Ulaala and Annak. Although he had moved to our best friend in the Cape at the age of 5 weeks, he has always remained part of or lives, too. Almost daily e-mal contact with our friend kept us informed all the time and allowed us to follow his life every step of the way.

About a year ago he was diagnosed with bone cancer in his right lower front leg, and because the cancer had not spread yet and her vet was confident that he would manage well on three legs the infected leg was amputated. Everything went well, he recovered in record time and ran and played as though he had been born with only three legs. Now, quite suddenly, he seemed a bit sore and our friend discovered blood in his urine. When she took him to the vet it turned out that the cancer was back, had spread to his inner organs, and there was nothing left they or the vet could do other than to end his misery there and then before it really started to turn bad.

I will never forget when our friend and her mom visited us and our pack for the first time; mom rather sceptical of these “wild animals”, our friend so excited to come face to face with them, having dreamt since childhood of getting such a chance. When we knew for sure that Ulaala was pregnant for the second time with Annak’s and her litter, we didn’t have to think twice to whom one of the pups would go – we could not have wished for a better, more caring and loving home than that of our friend’s. She came to visit again and fell head-over-heals in love with that little white bundle she named Maiyun. She drove all the way from the Cape to us together with a friend, spent two days with us, and had already arranged for an overnight stay halfway back in a small B&B that had no problems to accomodate two ladies and a puppy. Maiyun quickly advanced to being the favourite animal of the whole family, he stole the hearts of everybody who got to know him in no time.

Now he had to go, leaving a very painful emptiness in the hearts of all who had the honour of knowing him. He was our “last man standing” – the last of the pups of the two litters we had from our pack. He reached a good age of 11 years (he would have turned 12 this year in August), but it was still too early to say goodby for all of us.

I know there is never a right moment or time to let go, and we are so thankful for all the happy years he had and to our friend for all her caring, love and dedication to him. We know he is fine now, in a better space, and happily reunited with the rest of his pack, and all that makes letting go a little easier, but it will take some time until the pain of loss and emptiness will fade into the background.

Will be continued…

 

Volume 12, Issue 158, December 2017

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 12, Issue 158, December 2017

From the Editor’s Desk

A merry and peaceful Festive Season
and a good start into the New Year
to all who care for the wolf

Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)
Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:
Wolves in a Changing World
October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.
Register now

Location & Lodging:

Minneapolis Marriott Northwest
7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428

Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Early registration – $399.00* (October 13, 2017 – May 31, 2018)
  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.

Program:

Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more  here.

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of  adventure programs.

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

News from the Wolf Front

National

Nothing to report

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: This Thanksgiving, we are grateful for YOU!

It has truly been a challenging year in the fight to protect imperilled species and safeguard the places they call home.

But no matter how hard things have gotten, you have stood by us through it all – and that has meant the world to us and, more importantly, to the wildlife that depend on all of us.

So, from all of us here at Defenders of Wildlife and on behalf of the threatened and endangered species we all love, thank you for your support.

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

1. Germany: Petiton Update: Wolf Pumpak must live
Unbelievable: Saxony-Anhalt allows police to shoot at wolves

The Home Secretary of Saxony-Anhalt has with an edict interfered in the affairs of the Ministry of Environmental Affairs, permitting police to shoot at wolves  (https://www.mdr.de/sachsen-anhalt/woelfe-duerfen-von-polizisten-geschossen-werden-100.html). Purportedly this is to prevent injured animals from suffering since up to now only a specialist was allowed to euthanize a seriously injured wolf, and such specialist may not be always immediately available. However, this new edict also applies to conspicuously behaving wolves, the evaluating of which is left to the police. This is entirely unacceptable for a true nature lover.

To us it is clear that this is just another attempt to soften the high protection status of the wolf in Germany; and the fact that the Home Secretary is a hunter himself leaves a bitter by-taste.

Please sign and share the petition initiated by our wolf friend Lutz Lambrecht  here.

One Euro for the wolf

(translated here from German)

The Christmas season has started and this is a time of reflection and awareness of what we love: our families. Wolves also live in families, and also have a right to a peaceful Christmas time. Petitions and public pressure help to save the lives of wolves, and I’m thankful for all their supporters. However, in times of opinionated media where hardly a day goes by without fear-causing, badly investigated and completely made-up articles on wolves, petitions also offer the opportunity to convey information.

But we must also act, and that is what we, of the Wolfsschutz Deutschland in Pro Naturschutz Sachsen e.V. (Grüne Liga Sachsen), stand for. We don’t talk, we act. In contrast to the bigshot nature conservation activist groups, which have this year even agreed to wolf culling, we receive no support from the state. We depend on donations to continue our work. That reminds me of the story of actor Karlheinz Böhm who came to great fame through the Sissi movies. Deeply disturbed by reports of the food crisis in the Sahel zone he placed a legendary bet at the ZDF TV show “Wetten, dass …?” (Bet you…), betting that not even every third viewer would donate 1 German Mark, 1 Swiss Franc or 7 Austrian Schillings for the people in the Sahel zone. The result: a donation of 1.2 million German Marks.
Our petition for Pumpak was signed by 120,000 people, and my Christmas wish for the wolves is that every one of these signatories donates 1 Euro to us, which would bring us one vital step farther in our fight for the lives of the wolves, because court cases cost a lot of money!

We are happy about every donation. The money is exclusively used for our work for the wolves in Germany. We consciously do without colourful flyers and information brochures for that.
Bank details:

Wolfsschutz Deutschland in Pro Naturschutz Sachsen e. V. (Grüne Liga)
Erzgebirgssparkasse
IBAN DE78 8705 4000 0725 0179 88
BIC WELADED1STB

In Sweden, wolves are shot left, right and centre to purportedly eliminate wolf/dog hybrids living among wolves, which means nothing else but to kill them.

Here in Germany cross-bred cubs were facing a similar fate, and only the public attention caused by a petition initiated by a student and our public protests have prevented it. Now the cubs will be captured and sent to live in an animal park. That’s not what we had in mind. We wanted these cubs to be sterilized and, like in Italy, be released back into nature. At least they will be allowed to live. Here we also had to go against the NABU activist Tamas who wanted them shot. At the beginning of this year our court case saved Pumpak from being shot. He hasn’t been seen since then, but pictures of a well-fed wolf in Austria that have surfaced recently might actually depict Pumpak. Theoretically he could have migrated south. Since the beginning of this year the complete Rosenthal pack in Saxony has been in danger. Thanks to the petition and the public outcry caused by it, we could so far prevent the shooting of the pack Provincial Councillor Harig (CDU) so longingly wishes for.

We went to check and photograph fences and realized that the livestock there have hardly any protection. After that Provincial Councillor Harig wanted a randomly selected wolf of the Rosenthal pack shot. Our members were holding nightwatch in the area and made sure that the wolves were staying away while our umbrella organisation Grüne Liga Sachsen (Green League Saxony) filed an urgent application with the court against the shooting order. For now we could stop the order, but the fight goes on. Presently the wolves in Saxony are in great danger. The new coalition agreement between SPD and CDU includes “wolf-free dikes”. Which consequences this might have for the Cuxland pack everybody can guess. There we also checked and photographed fences and again realized that there was hardly any protection. In Saxony-Anhalt, the Home Secretary has issued an order that allows the police to decide for themselves whether a wolf must be shot. In Bavaria, we could prevent the shooting of another escapee wolf. There is so much to be done. The new year will not be less dramatic for the wolves than this one was. But so far and with joined power we could stop every attempt at their lives.
Please support these petitions:

www.change.org/woelfe
www.change.org/cuxlandrudel
www.change.org/wolfswelpen
www.change.org/wolf
www.change.org/sachsenanhaltwoelfe
www.change.org/bayernwoelfe
www.change.org/pumpak
www.change.org/p/stop-all-hunt-on-wolves-in-sweden

You want to contact us directly? We are on Facebook where you can talk to our members:

We are often asked whether our goals are the same as those of NABU and the like. No, they are not. These organisations agree to shootings, we don’t.
Also interesting what Vince Ebert thinks of the bigshot organisations: “Many of the initially oh-so idealistic eco-Davids have long developed into recklessly operating Goliaths who push their actions through with the help of PR professionals, controllers and efficiently organized law departments. Many Nature Conservation organisations now focus less and less on the most urgent environmental problems but rather on “which topic generates the biggest amount of donations?” Relevant topics are no longer suggested by real scientists, but rather by so-called “campaigners” who first and foremost figure out how the most successful hypes can be started.

You can read further here (in German).

3. Touching Video of Pumpak from Poland
(translated here from German)

There are news about Pumpak. Yesterday, Katarzyna Bojarska, a researcher from Poland, who has been monitoring the Ruszow pack from which Punpak originated, sent us a link to a very touching video, which shows Pumpak at one year old caring lovingly for his siblings while their mother is out hunting. The subtitles in the video are in polish, but the pictures speak for themselves. They are so heart-warming that they need no translation. To fight for these animals every single day is really worth it. We are their voice. Watch the video here.

I really do hope that Pumpak is still alive somewhere. In Switzerland, they caught a suspected wolf killer and he is to be charged. This will also send a clear signal to the poachers in Saxony and anywhere else in Germany. Don’t feel too safe; you will be caught one day. We are on tour in all the wolf rangers, too.

  1. Jan Olsson via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Germany: Petition update: With the human! – For the Wolf!

  • Rescue our Wolves! How fake press reports cause the shooting of Wolves!

The threat for our wolves to be killed through illegal and legal shootings is ongoing.

The Barnstorf/Goldenstedt and the Cuxhaven packs are possibly about to be shot.

For the Cuxhaven pack, the shooting order is expected to go through as soon as the DBBW (Federal Bureau for the Documentation of and Advice on Wolves) has handed its report over to the Ministry for Environmental Affairs of Lower-Saxony. This is a question of days only.

When the Cuxhaven pack is shot it could be the beginning of a series of shooting

entire wolf packs. Next would be the pack of our Goldenstedt she-wolf!

What’s the reason for this? The absence of or ineffective protection of livestock herds and flocks in the regions where these two wolf packs live. Even after several years, many livestock farmers refuse to protect their animals, even though they are entitled to receiving subventions for preventative measures from the state if only they cared to apply for them.

As though this weren’t bad enough, the reporting culture of the media on national and even more so on local levels keeps on promoting the distorted impression that wolves would kill livestock all the time by overcoming “wolf-safe” fences!
This is simply wrong!
W-I-S-Z-V have clearly demonstrated in a new post on their website how the continuous misrepresentation in the media on the purported overcoming of wolf-safe fences is used again and again for arguing in favour of unjustified claims to shoot our wolves.
A fact is, however, that many of these fences are not electrified, do not have the right height, lack streamers, or are unprotected against digging through under, etc.
Please share this information from the W-I-S-Z-V in your forums, your friends, colleagues at work, and other friends of wolves and repost it wherever you deem fit. Write to the editors of local newspapers and let them know what the story really is. Demand that they finally start writing factually correct and properly researched articles on wolves.

This is about the lives of strictly protected and socially highly evolved animals – our wolves!

Please join us, all of you! And we appreciate any donation, however small, so that we, the W-I-S-Z-V can continue fighting for our wolves! We will not abandon them!

Bank details
Wolf-Informations-und Schutz-Zentrum-Vechta e.V.
Commerzbank Vechta
IBAN DE74 2804 2865 0630 0719 00
BIC COBADEFFXXX
More information on the W-I-S-Z-V website.

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Busy Season Ahead – Prepping For Pups

The Wolf Conservation Center participates in the Species Survival Plan (SSP) for two critically endangered wolf species, the Mexican gray wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) and the red wolf (Canis rufus). The Mexican gray wolf and the red wolf are among the rarest mammals in North America; both species were at one time extinct in the wild.

While the WCC has been a vocal and visible advocate in trying to secure protections for critically endangered wolf species, we have also naturally been quite active in physically safeguarding the representatives of the rare species that have been entrusted to our care.

Organizations participating in SSPs are tasked with basic husbandry, collaborating in the carefully managed captive breeding program, recommendations for release, and research.

This work is literally “behind the scenes” as visitors rarely get to see the wolves because they are generally kept off-exhibit to maintain their healthy aversion to humans.

This season promises to be a busy one as it features not only our normal husbandry, but also five breeding pairs (three Mexican wolf pairs and two red), collection of genetic material, new arrivals, bittersweet goodbyes, and even an extraordinary medical procedure.

See a summary of actions here.

  1. Public Comments Show Overwhelming Support for Mexican Wolf Recovery

Of the more than 100,000 comments submitted to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service on the Mexican Wolf Draft Recovery Plan, more than 99% were in support of recovery!
Seven organizations and dozens of volunteers came together to tally the comments, publicly available on the government comment portal, Regulations.gov. The organizations included the Endangered Species Coalition, Grand Canyon Wolf Recovery Project, Lobos of the Southwest, Wolf Conservation Center, White Mountain Conservation League, Sierra Club’s Grand Canyon Chapter, and Sierra Club’s Rio Grande Chapter. It took weeks and over a hundred hours for the volunteers to tally the thousands of comments, which came from all 50 states.

“Every voice raised in support of wildlife can make a difference and Americans overwhelmingly support Mexican wolf recovery,” said Maggie Howell, Executive Director of the Wolf Conservation Center. “We’re counting on USFWS to take notice and follow the best available science to ensure that the world’s most endangered gray wolves remain a living, breathing part of the south-western landscape.”

Read More

  1. 11-Yr-Old Saving Wolves, One Painting At A Time

By giving endangered species a voice via her artwork, 11-yr-old Bria of Faces Of The Endangered is making a difference one painting at a time.

 “I read about all of the endangered animals and I couldn’t believe what is happening to these wonderful creatures. I want to paint all the endangered animals and donate the money to give them a face so they don’t disappear.”

Thank you, Bria, for opening minds, touching our hearts, and exemplifying the amazing potential of your generation to make this world a better place!

From Andreas Schillert (Dasypeltis@fasciata.de)

Original source here. (translated and summarized here from German)

Germany: Bavaria: Wolves in the heart of Germany

  1. Nov. 2017

Farmers at the border between Bavaria and Hesse have become nervous after several flocks of sheep were attacked, and a wolf was sighted. There are sixty packs nationwide already, farmers demonstrate, but was it really a wolf?

It wasn’t a nice sight: sheep and goats with bite wounds were found dead again and again in the Oden Forest on the Bavaria/Hesse border. Following reports by the Bavarian broadcaster Bayerischer Rundfunk, authorities are presently investigating whether a wolf may be responsible, because a wolf had been spotted in the region as recently as in September. Now lab analyses are expected to demonstrate whether a wolf killed the sheep, for which purpose DNA samples were sent to the Hessian Laboratory for Wild Animal Genetics. Results are expected for mid December. Experts so far have not excluded the possibility that a lynx or a feral dog could be the culprit.

Mountain farmers have staged a demonstration in Munich on Thursday, demanding better protection against wolf attacks. “More and more cattle and sheep are killed by wolves,” the president of the Bavarian Farmers’ Organisation, Walter Heidl, said when addressing about 100 farmers from Austria and Bavaria. The way of farming that was so typical of the Alps region were threatened.

It is a fact that the number of free-ranging wolf packs has been on a steady increase. Their number has by now reached sixty, thirteen more than last year, which is evident from data released by the Federal Office for Nature Conservation (Bundesamt für Naturschutz, BfN) and the Federal Office for Documentation and Advice on the Wolf (Dokumentations- und Beratungsstelle des Bundes zum Wolf, DBBW). .

The wolf started to return to Bavaria a few years ago, and free-ranging wolves have reproduced in the Bavarian Forest for the first time in more than a 150 years in 2017. Furthermore, six wolves escaped from an enclosure in the national park in October. Because they were used to humans and in contrast to their wild cousins did not show sign of being shy of them, it was decided to shoot them. Three animals have been killed by now, one was captured alive, but two are still at large. They were last seen in the surroundings of Sankt Englmar and at the border with the Czech Republic. One was reported to be limping and the other was said to appear emaciated.

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project
Monthly Update – November 1-30, 2017

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)
activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at
www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/ mexicanwolf. For information on the FAIR call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit www.wmatoutdoors.org.

Past updates may be viewed on these websites. Interested parties may sign upto receive this update electronically by visiting www.azgfd.com and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf telemetry flight location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH or www.fws.gov/southwest/es/ mexicanwolf/RWL.cfm.

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: the Alpine wolf office at (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office at (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 388-4385 ext. 226. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update
On November 29, 2017, the USFWS posted on its website the finalized Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan, First Revision.  The goal of the plan is to provide guidance to recover the subspecies within the subspecies’ historical range in the Southwestern United States and Mexico.  The recovery plan provides measurable and objective criteria which, when met, will enable the USFWS to remove the Mexican wolf from the list of endangered species and turn its management over to the appropriate states and tribes. To review the recovery plan and related documents, visit the USFWS Mexican wolf website at: www.fws.gov/southwest/es/ mexicanwolf/.
Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) indicate wolves younger than 24 months or pups. A lower case letter “p” preceding the number is used to indicate a wolf pup born in the most recent spring.  The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an
established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. Studbook numbers listed in the monthly update denote wolves with functioning radio collars.The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS
Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year. This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

During annual year-end population counts, the IFT documented a minimum of 113 Mexican wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico at the end of 2016.  At the end of November, there were 66 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

Wolves with functioning radio collars are listed by studbook number in the pack updates below.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, AF1335, and m1673)

In November, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF).  The pack had several infrequent locations on the SCAR during November. Yearling m1673 made a wide dispersal movement into southwestern New Mexico.

Bluestem Pack (collared F1489, f1563, and fp1665)

In November, f1489 made dispersal movements around the northern and western edges of the Bluestem Pack’s traditional territory in the central ASNF. Yearling f1563 and fp1665 were found dead; the incidents are under investigation.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, m1471, f1473, m1474, m1477, fp1668, and mp1671)

In November, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the northeastern portion of the ASNF.  Two yearling wolves, m1477 and f1473, each made wide dispersal movements, travelling separately, from their natal territory.  Two pups were documented travelling with the pack in November.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In November, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, f1550, f1663, and mp1666)

In November, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the northeastern portion of the ASNF.  Hoodoo f1663 was found dead in November; the incident is under investigation.  Two pups were documented travelling with the pack in November.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In November, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In November, the Panther Creek Pack was located in the east central portion of the ASNF.  The IFT maintained a supplemental food cache for this pack with the goal of increasing survival of genetically valuable pups that the IFT cross-fostered into the Panther Creek Pack in May.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488)

In November, F1488 was documented travelling within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Saffel Pack (collared AF1567 and mp1661)

In November, the Saffel Pack was located in the northeastern portion of the ASNF.  Four pups were documented travelling with the Saffel Pack in November.

Single collared AM1038

In November, AM1038 of the old Hawks Nest Pack was located travelling in the north central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared m1483

Male 1483 was found dead in November; the incident is under investigation.

Single collared f1484

In November, f1484 was documented travelling alone and occasionally with the Panther Creek Pack in the Panther Creek’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared f1562

Female 1562 was localized in the north central portion of the ASNF during November and has been documented travelling with an unknown collared wolf.  The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pair to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

ON THE FAIR:

Baldy Pack (collared mp1672)

In November, mp1672, previously captured, collared and released in October, was determined via genetic analysis to be offspring of AF1445 and AM1347 of the Baldy Pack.  Male pup 1672 was located travelling alone in the eastern portion of the FAIR and northern portion of ASNF during November.  AF1445 and AM1347 have not been located by the IFT this year and remain fate unknown.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343, AF1283, and fp1674)

In November, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.  A female pup, fp1674, was captured, collared, and released.

Diamond Pack (collared m1559, f1560, m1571, and m1572)

In November, f1560 was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR and north central portion of the ASNF. Male 1571 continued to travel apart from other Diamond Pack members and made wide dispersal movements to the eastern portion of the FAIR and the central portion of the ASNF.  Male 1572 dispersed from traditional Diamond territory through the western portion of the ASNF into the Coconino National Forest during the month of November.  Male 1559 was not located during the month of November.

IN NEW MEXICO:
Copper Creek Pack (collared M1386)

During November, M1386 was documented travelling within the west central portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF).  F1444 was not located during November due to a collar malfunction, but is believed to still be travelling with M1386.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared F1456 and M1354)

During November, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portion of the GNF.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During November, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.

Lava Pack (collared F1405 and AM1285)

During November, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the southeastern portion of the GNF.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During November, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158 and AF1487)

During November, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and fp1664)

During November, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the northwestern portion of the GNF.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, f1565, and mp1669)

During November, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT re-collared mp1669 during trapping efforts in November.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and fp1578)

During November, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT captured, re-collared, and released AF1399 in November.  The supplemental food cache maintained by the IFT to increase survival of cross-fostered pups was discontinued due to reduced use and increased movements of the pack throughout its territory.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, AF1553, and mp1667)

During November, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Single collared AM1155

During November, AM1155 of the old Morgart’s Pack was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single collared M1455

M1455 was not located by the IFT during November and is now considered fate unknown.

Single collared m1486

During November, m1486 traveled throughout northern and central portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared M1552

During November, M1552 traveled throughout central portion of the CNF and eastern portion of the GNF.

Single collared m1569

During November, m1569 traveled throughout central portion of the CNF and eastern portion of the GNF.

MORTALITIES
During November, Bluestem f1563 and fp1665, Hoodoo f1663, and single m1483 were located dead in Arizona. These incidents are under investigation.  From January 1 to November 30, 2017 there have been a total of 12 documented wolf mortalities.

INCIDENTS

During the month of November, there were no confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock.  There was one nuisance incident investigated.  From January 1 to November 30, 2017 there have been a total of 16 confirmed depredation incidents in New Mexico and 15 confirmed depredation incidents in Arizona.

On November 1, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf was a probable wolf kill.

On November 4, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf was killed by a coyote.

On November 6, the IFT investigated a report of wolves acting aggressively toward campers at the Hannagan Campground located near Hannagan Meadow.  Based on interviews of the campers involved and evidence gathered from an investigation of the scene, the IFT determined domestic dogs were responsible for the incident.

On November 24, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ.  The investigation determined the calf had been killed by coyotes.

On November 28, WMAT investigated a dead steer on the FAIR.  The investigation determined the steer died of illness.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION
On November 4, WMAT personnel presented at the White Mountain Apache Wildlife Fair at the Hon dah Conference Center on the FAIR.

On November 14, WMAT personnel presented on a radio show on KNNB radio in Whiteriver, AZ.

PROJECT PERSONNEL
WMAT welcomed a temporary employee this month. We are glad to have her on board!

REWARDS OFFERED
The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at(505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

Other News

National

Nothing to report

Next Door

Nothing to report

International

Nothing to report

Wolves and Wolfdogs

A Wish for Christmas we all share
Dreaming of a National Wolf Recovery Plan

by Rick Lamplugh

The slaughter of wolves in Wyoming, Idaho, Montana, and even Oregon makes me wonder “How can this be?” It’s disappointing and frustrating to see hatred legalized, and I struggle to stay optimistic. One strategy I use is imagining what might be instead of dreading what is. With that in mind, here’s an idea that gives me hope: a national wolf recovery plan.

[I’m pleased to say that this commentary, in my voice, is now available for your listening on Wolfdog Radio. I want to thank Deanna and Greg for making a place for my commentaries in their station’s programming and for creating a section for me on the website. Here’s the link.]

Though each wolf state must have a federally approved wolf management plan, the federal government does not have one. The feds have the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the agency responsible for ensuring that gray wolf recovery meets the requirements of the Endangered Species Act. Critics on both sides—those who want the wolf off the endangered species list and those who want the animal on it—criticize the agency. Litigation and legislation abound. Should we delist, downlist, or destroy wolves?

A while back, three scientists stepped away from that fray and studied the situation. They wrote “A Framework for Envisioning Gray Wolf Recovery” and proposed an alternative to the mess we are mired in. Their two-page proposal stuns me with its overall simplicity and main point: the U.S, Fish and Wildlife Service should develop a national wolf recovery plan that adheres to the ESA.

The scientists believe wolf recovery is feasible in the Lower 48. “Wolves are one of the most adaptable mammals on the planet and can live where there is adequate food and where regulatory mechanisms limit the rate at which humans kill wolves.” In other words, if we don’t shoot, trap, or poison them, wolves will recover.

Wolves will recover best where fewer than 142 of us humans crowd each square kilometre, the scientists calculate. Their proposal includes a map pinpointing localities too thick with humans. These high-density areas freckle the Lower 48’s eastern half, but the western half has few. In addition to showing where wolves should not live, the map reveals where they could live, even if reintroduction was necessary to get them there. Three potential recovery areas reside in the wide open West. Another one is in the very northeast corner of the U.S, above the congestion of the BosNYWash megalopolis.

Of course, wherever wolves appear, some people will wail that the predators threaten humans. But the scientists say that wolves present less danger “than any number of animal species that Americans encounter on a daily basis, including white-tailed deer, hogs, bees, and domestic dogs, to mention just a few.”

I doubt that ranchers and their lobbyists—the big and noisy anti-wolf faction—believe that statement. The scientists do project that more wolves will kill more livestock, while they add, from “an industry perspective the economic losses attributable to wolves would be genuinely trivial.” They recommend compensating ranchers for losses—as programs now do in wolf states.

The recovery plan answers a big question: How is recovery defined? The scientists chose a definition based on scholarship and case law: a species is recovered when it occupies much or most of its former range.

But even after a successful recovery, the authors don’t expect to find wolves everywhere the animals once roamed. Humans have so damaged some historic range that it can’t provide the needed prey and habitat. In other areas, humans present too much of a threat to wolves. However, even with wolves missing from some past range, wolf country would increase under a national wolf recovery plan.

Their proposal imagines a small, vocal, and influential group insisting that Americans will not tolerate widespread recovery. But the scientists believe that wolves and humans can coexist, and “…if intolerance is a genuine threat to recovery, then according to federal law such threats must be mitigated before the wolf can be delisted.”

To me, that idea—that federal law requires reducing intolerance of wolves—is the cornerstone of a framework for envisioning wolf recovery. The danger for America’s wolves comes from our culture’s ingrained hatred of a competitive species—most conflicts, after all, arise over who gets to eat livestock or wild game first. That hatred arrived with Old World colonists and over the years took on an American twist. By the early 1900s, the U.S. Biological Survey—our nation’s first government wolf-killers—played up the lies and fantasies behind that hatred as a way of raising money for predator eradication. Once dollars flowed, they and their prodigy, Wildlife Services, almost emptied the Lower 48 of wolves. Even after seventy years with few wolves around, the hatred survived and today spawns vicious acts and intolerance, like the poaching or mysterious deaths of wolves in the last two years in Oregon.

That hatred lurks behind the vow of some states to kill all wolves except the minimum number their federally approved plans require. Those plans don’t reduce wolf hatred; worse yet, they give the false impression that wolf recovery depends on the number of surviving breeding pairs. Numbers obscure the truth: we must transform our culture from one of wolf hatred to one of wolf respect.

A national wolf recovery plan could address the hatred and intolerance that threatens wolf recovery. It could include strategies to promote the value of wolves and change intolerance to—at the very least—begrudging acceptance. Now that’s something to hope for when times are tough.

You can read more about wolves and our relationship with them in Rick’s books. His new book, Deep into Yellowstone, is available signed from Rick at http://bit.ly/2tIEt62, or unsigned on Amazon: http://amzn.to/2tgPU3E. His best seller, In the Temple of Wolves, is available signed at http://bit.ly/1gYghB4, or unsigned on Amazon at http://amzn.to/Jpea9Q.

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 145

A Picture of a Wolf
by Candida Barrett

The moon rises higher, through the sky, beneath the blanket the night provides. There lies one soul, a human, alone, making camp in a clearing lit by the moon. He makes a fire, sets up a tent, and starts to cook his food, to soon eat. He then takes out a camera and looks around to take pictures of this peaceful place.

A deer has been captured on film, forevermore a bird flitting away to its nighttime nest. A rabbit hopping through the green bushes, but the man wants something more. Something he has yet to see with his own eyes. A wolf, he wants, a picture of a wolf beautiful and proud, to be seen on film. He wants to do it himself, not happy otherwise, so he waits, hoping to come across a wolf.

The moon moves on its arc in the sky, time clicks on, and still the man waits. Never losing faith, still waiting there, fire has long gone out, food long since eaten. Camera held in waiting hands, quiet eyes searching. He waited until the sky became soft pink, the moon had vanished, the stars were fading. The sun was coming; the man admitted defeat and he started to pack up, to leave.

Suddenly, ahead of him there was a form. It appeared with silence, like a ghost, it was no more than a few feet away. The man looked in awe, becoming still, he didn’t want to scare it away, so he stood. It was a wolf, a female, her body a misty white. She seemed ageless, majestic, and wise; fur was wispy with beauty, like well-combed hair. But her eyes were the strangest thing. There were scars on her forehead, from a battle long past, one streaked over her right eye, which was empty. It was stark white, as if a pearl was in her forehead, the other eye was like a sapphire, beautiful and sparkling. She looked at him in reverent silence.

The man stood there, taking in her beauty, like a beautiful ghost, a being from the mist. She then moved on, paws walking in silence, her form seemed to disappear, melting into the air. The man remained in awed silence. He never took a picture of a wolf, of her, but then again, now he didn’t need to.

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

Today I don’t want to talk about our pack, because I have a story to tell about another wolf, and since this is our last issue before Christmas, I thought this story was very well suited for that time of year – it is about a wolf who will live to have a nice Christmas thanks to some people who cared.

On Sunday, 3 December 2017, at 14.59 h, Ted received an e-mail from our good friend, Lars, asking for his help in locating a wolf named Warrior who had run away. What had happened?

A lady caring for a male wolf, Warrior, and a female German shepherd dog named Minchkins had decided to end her life because of a number of very tragic circumstances that had made it unbearable. In her last note she left all her belongings to Lars and asked him to please take care of her two beloved animals. Now, a good friend of his, Frank, had offered to go and fetch the wolf and the dog who were inseparable friends, because he lived closer to the place of these events, Swartruggens, and then take them to Lars’s place. However, when he arrived, the wolf bolted and disappeared into the fields behind the house through the rather desolate fence. Frank had tried to follow him but unfortunately unsuccessfully so, and the wolf was gone. He could do nothing but take only the dog with him and think of a plan of how to find the wolf before he might get shot by a neighbouring farmer or killed by a car on the road. On top of this he was also scared that the immediate neighbour, who did not like the wolf, would make a short business of him when he saw him.

But what had all this to do with Ted? Well, he is a very well-trained and skilled animal communicator and had managed to locate lost animals before, and so Lars’ friend, although rather sceptical, thought it might be worth a try. Knowing that we were friends he had asked Lars to get in contact with Ted and explain the problem.

“How the heck am I supposed to do that?” Ted asked me. “Who are these persons Lars talks about, and where is this place? Probably somewhere in the Freestate. Anyway, I don’t have a photograph or a memory of that wolf.” Ted also learned that Warrior’s father lived with Lars. “Okay, I’ll try”, he said and eventually really managed to make contact with a wolf who responded to the name of Warrior. He seemed to be a very light-coloured animal, but was not white. He was very wary and, of course, distrusted him. Ted introduced himself and let him browse through his mental history with wolf contacts. The wolf was impressed and started listening to him. Ted asked him where he was, and he returned two views, the first one very brief as though he was approaching a certain place, and then a longer one that showed what he was looking at in the moment. He knew these views meant past and present, respectively.

At 14.59 h, Ted sent an e-mail to Lars, informing him about what he had seen through Warrior’s eyes and asking to forward the information to Frank: “He can see a few small houses with white-washed walls, shiny corrugated roofs, an open fence in front of these. He is lying in the shade of a small stand of trees, a short and narrow strip really, with scrub for undergrowth. He is very thirsty. He knows that his owner is no more. She was the only tallwalker he trusted, but now he feels he has to take over responsibility and he trusts no one. There is a stout, fairly tall guy with shortish, blond/brown hair he distrusts and dislikes deeply. “

Ted tried to convince Warrior that the tallwalkers looking for him meant him well, but he obviously distrusted him. He told him that they wanted to take him back to his wolf family. At least he was talking and, more importantly, listening to Ted after he managed to credibly identify himself.

This was exceedingly difficult without a photo and not knowing the persons Lars mentioned either so that there was no chance for Ted to familiarize him with Frank for example. Minchkins might have served as a physical link to him, but with her removed from his location Ted didn’t really know how to make this work now.

At 20.55 h, Ted received an e-mail from Frank with two video clips of Warrior. “Aaah,” Ted realized that it was indeed a light-coloured wolf and that he had probably found the right individual. “I never knew or even expected that contact could be made like this! A pity that none of the videos shows a clear view of his face, but still better than no pic at all!” said Ted. But who was this friend of Lars’? “Doesn’t matter, the thing is he must be enabled to find Warrior, and now I have his E-mail address.” Ted concluded.

On Monday, 4 December 2017, 12.18 h, we got an email from Lars, saying that Frank had checked the area for what Ted had seen and that his comment had been,  “Ted is scarily accurate.”

At 12.21 h, we received another email, asking for a cell number to send Ted copies of Frank’s posts to him that morning, saying, “He has always been a sceptic until now.”

At 12:22 h, Ted sent an e-mail to both of them: “Warrior has moved overnight from the place where I found him yesterday: It looks like a slope with trees and undergrowth next to an open field more distant from houses. He is extremely stressed and unsure of what to do. He has not eaten anything since his escape and is now starting to feel hungry, but is actually too stressed to go and look for something. At least he could drink some rainwater. Last night he halfheartedly tried to sneak back to his home, but eventually did not dare to. He saw a group of three or four people this morning (?), one was a black lady in a white dress with a large floral pattern, and there was at least one small child amongst them. He could not tell whether they saw him too as he stayed concealed in the underbrush. There is very little traffic where he is now; he noted only two or three “boxes that move fast” (=cars), and only a white one of these was nearby. He keeps on showing me a male person in blue clothing; could be a black man in an overall, but I can’t make sense of that. He is very worried about Minchkins. I am aware that all this might help very little, but his transmissions are so mixed up from his being stressed to the extreme that they might be a mix of past and present, which complicates things even further. I would think it could be useful if I could show him pics of the persons meaning him well and looking for him, otherwise he might just stay in hiding.”

At 12.55 h, Ted received an answer from Lars saying, “Thank you, please tell him that Minchkins is well, she is at my house and sleeping inside, I took her for a long drive with me while I went on farm patrol as I didn’t want to leave her on her own (abandoned), she licks me in the face when I’m in bed so she is feeling safe. I have some pictures that Frank sent me via whatsapp.”

At 13.12 h, an e-mail from Frank arrived, saying, “Thank you Ted. Should you be able to make contact with him again, please try to convince him to go back to the house. It is his only chance on survival. He has to go to the man who gave him food last week, even if he does not trust him. I do not trust him either, but he is his only chance. He must stop running. The man who gave him food at the house will call us and let us know so that we can go and get him and take him to his family and safety. We are just far away and it will take about two hours. Attached is a picture of myself.”

Ted burst out to me:  “What? Frank isn’t even on site in Swartruggens? I should have known this!”

“Warrior is an uncle of my wolf called Wahya. Rocket, Warrior’s brother from the same litter, is his father. Maybe such a connection may help that he will trust me better. “

“No, that will not do; this chain is much too long to help”, Ted commented.

“Tell him Minchkins is safe with Lars at the place where his family and father are. I’m grabbing at straws, but it is all I have after our disastrous weekend.”

At 13.36 h, Ted got another email from him. It said: “I attach a screenshot of the area where Warrior lives. In the centre of the photo is a large dark green tree. The house just opposite was Warrior’s house. The fields to the top of it is where he disappeared into. The whole area is much more overgrown at the moment than on the satellite pic. “

“Ooops”, Ted was surprised to find that Swartruggens was in Northwestern Province!

At 14.50 h, he sent an e-mail back, including a segment of Frank’s satellite pic with a specific area marked: “This is where he was yesterday. I used Google Earth to maybe get an idea from where he can see what he has shown me today, but the only area that comes close to it is here.” He inserted a screenshot and marked the area that looked the closest to what he had seen.

“And I could be completely wrong. I contacted him again, but all I can say is that he is presently lying in an elevated spot (like a hill or something that is not horizontal and flat) between trees and scrub, looking down at an open field, across which there are people at a distance. He is deeply depressed. I emphasized on him that he must turn to tallwalkers for help. He wants to wait for nightfall, ‘when it will be safe to move again’”.

At 15.48, he wrote again to Lars, asking for a picture of Rocket to show to Warrior.

At 17.30 h, he received the requested picture. Rocket turned out to be the twin brother of Kajack II who lived with ourselves!

At 18.02 h, Ted wrote again to Frank: “I have impressed on Warrior that he must go back to “the box to live in” (=house) and let the tallwalker he distrusts so deeply know that he is there by howling loudly and showing himself. He is not required to take food from him or be touched if he doesn’t want to, but he must wait for the friendly tallwalker (=your picture) to arrive and take him to Minchkins who is with his father (Lars sent a pic). Both Minchkins and Rocket are worried about him. He must not try travelling to them on his own, because he does not know where to go (he was seriously contemplating this!) and it is a loooong way and very dangerous. At first he wouldn’t listen to me, but then I impressed on him that I knew both the world of the wolf and the world of the tallwalker, and that made him listen eventually. If he follows my guidance, he will do so only after dark, even though he is up and pacing nervously in his ‘forest’ right now, wanting to get going. I really do hope for the best.“

At 20.16 h, Frank answered, sending a pic of the back fence of the property Warrior had disappeared from.

At 20.23 h, another e-mail arrived with several pics taken on the neighbouring property where vegetables were cultivated and which was also the property next to that where Ted had placed Warrior on Sunday.

At 20.51h, Ted replied: “Photo 439 is EXACTLY what I saw briefly as is and then, for a longer period, from the perspective of the trees in the background yesterday!” and, “Warrior is currently moving, very carefully approaching some buildings, but I can’t tell what/whose they are. I just hope he is following my advice… “

At 20.53 h, he got a return mail saying, “I just received an unconfirmed message that Warrior is back at the house. He will probably stay there for the night (I hope) and unless he is chased again not run off tomorrow morning. The neighbour sent me an SMS earlier that he tried to block off the holes in the back fence as best as he could and left the gate open to allow him back in.”

Ted answered: “WOW! I trust you are going there tomorrow morning? When are you planning on arriving there? I want to talk to him before that and prepare him for the encounter with the likeness of your photo.”

At 21.28 h, he received an answer, “We will arrange tomorrow morning very early. I will let you know. It is a two-hour drive for me.”

By Tuesday, 5 December 2017, 12.40 h, we had not heard a word from anybody. Ted was wondering what was going on. “I’m worrying myself sick here for all I know Warrior could have been shot dead by now and nobody cares to keep me updated? How am I supposed to work like this? The flow of information is most crucial in this situation!” He was getting upset and sent an e-mail to both Lars and Frank asking what the status quo was.

At 13.31 h, Frank answered: “The heavens opened up this morning. Warrior is still at the house, but is running circles around everybody. I asked them to just make sure he cannot get out and rather not stress him out until we can get there. I have a team on standby now for tomorrow if need be to corner and catch him, but I trust it will not be necessary. He is injured and limps with his one front leg. Does not seem too serious though. “

Ted’s reaction was an outburst: ”Oh Fock, he didn’t leave at all when he said he would. What will THAT do to my credibility with Warrior?” He was getting more agitated by the moment (and angrier, too). He fully understood the weather problem though; it was pouring cats and dogs on our place as well.

At 13.53 h, he wrote to Frank again: “I kept an eye on him until about 2.30 this morning and calmed him down just about every time he got up and walked to the gate or a fence, telling him that he must wait for the friendly tallwalker (your picture) to arrive when it would get light so that he could take and reunite him with Minchkins. He listened very nicely. I did not pick up his limping, but he was probably suppressing it with all the stress he is experiencing. I will talk to him right now and assure him of your coming and helping him tomorrow.”

At 14.30 h, Ted sent another mail: “Apparently he got pricked by the end of the mesh fence wire where it is fixed to the bottom string wire when he tested how to get through there, but I couldn’t find out when this happened. It feels like the left front paw. He was thrown something to eat and he ate it when it was safe to. I asked him to stay under cover, keep his paw clean, and wait for you to arrive tomorrow morning. The big problem here was, and probably still is, that my unfulfilled promise to him for this morning and then my not contacting him (for lack of information) have palpably undermined my credibility with him. I explained to him that I made a mistake by making a promise on another tallwalker’s behalf and apologized, but he just doesn’t trust me as much as he did yesterday. I can only hope that he won’t try to get out again, be it for hunger or out of desperation over having seemingly been abandoned once more. I know he has not been dumped and forgotten, but it must surely look like it to him at the moment… I will keep contact throughout the day and well into the night again.”

At 17.37 h, he received an answer from Frank: “If Warrior is in the house and easy to get hold of, I will be driving through tonight to collect him. I do not trust the neighbour (our only contact there) and I am scared that he may just open the gate and let Warrior go just to spite us. He promised me updates during the day of which the last was at 7 this morning. Warrior will just have to trust me on this one. He has no other choice or chance. If we get there and he bolts it will probably mean his end. We all know it. We will be a couple of people because we have to secure the yard first to make sure that he does not simply run away the moment we get there like he did on Sunday. I understand that he is stressed, but we cannot keep on driving there and back every day or so. This morning I could not muster up assistance quickly and that is why we decided to leave the move till tomorrow. I can but hope and pray that he will sit tight and not do something silly.

“Ted, you have NO idea how terrible I feel about this wolf and how important it is that I, or whoever for that matter, can get him safely to his family. It has nothing to do with me , there just simply is nobody else and I am passionate about ‘rescuing’ wolves from hardship. Why? I don’t know – it just happened. I even bought a trailer specifically for the purpose. All my colleagues think I’m a little nuts and maybe they are right. All my spare time goes into the two wolves that live with us. It is just who I am. No friends, family avoids us, and we never go away – but I think if somebody can understand that, it is you.”

Ted was relieved, “Great!”, he said to me and answered. “I’ll prepare Warrior for the encounter. As far as I know he is still there, but still refuses to go into the house.” I could literally see the pressure falling off his shoulders.

At 18.24 h, Ted wrote: “Warrior is wary of the door that might just close behind him when he ventures into the house. He went in there at least once, but quickly returned to the outside. He is VERY suspicious of this man next door (which I presume is this neighbour character). Let me know when you can foresee when you will arrive there and I’ll do my utmost to pacify him and let you come near him. He is more agitated than yesterday, though.”

At 21.18 h, Ted thought Frank should be nearly on site by now and sent him a last e-mail for the day, asking him to send him an SMS maybe 30 minutes before he arrived there, as he would now switch off the PC.

At 21.20 h, Ted got an SMS saying, “Will do thanks Thomas. Should be around 07:30.”

“WHAT?”, Ted nearly freaked out. “That would be only tomorrow morning, and I thought he is almost there already!” Oh boy, I knew that would be another loooong and restless night.

AT 21.21 h, Ted sent an angry SMS asking: “What is it now? After your last mail I thought you were almost there by now.” Ted was surely getting really upset. He was supposed to pave the way for this guy, but he kept on changing plans without so much as a word to him and no idea what it took to keep the most fragile balance of trust with Warrior. He was putting him in an almost impossible position!

At 21.44 h, another SMS arrived. “…should we fail tomorrow, Warrior will most likely be shot because the property should have been vacated already and it is only him blocking it. I think I am more stressed out than him.”

Ted was at the end of his nerves and said, “Tell me about being stressed out! I am worrying myself sick and into a frenzy here over my losing credibility with Warrior. How can I possibly keep Warrior under control until Frank will arrive there tomorrow morning and then make him let him come near him??? He doesn’t trust me anymore after two broken promises!” I could clearly hear how scared he was of losing this fight for Warrior’s life.

On Wednesday, 6 December, at 07.32 h and after a sleepless night, we got an SMS from Frank, saying: “We are about 30 minutes away. Please try to assist us no matter you may think. I am not the bad guy in this mess.”

“Of course you aren’t the ‘bad guy’ here!”, Ted said, getting up, “And I’m thinking only the best of him, but his communication skills? We will have to sort this out after Warrior is either safe or dead. I now have to keep contact with Warrior until he has arrived; this is gonna take a MAJOR effort…”

At 09.18 h, after hardly being able to think of anything else but Warrior, the relieving SMS arrived: “Thanks Ted. Got him without a fight. He listened to me.”

At  09.19 h, Ted answered: “Fantastic! Congrats. Thank you so much for caring. Let me know when you are at his family’s place.”

It took until 16.37 h to hear from Frank again: “Hi Ted. Safely at home. Will give you a total report on e-mail later when I’m back home and rested. Also nice photos.”

Then followed an email from Lars saying: “Together again, I’m very emotional at the moment, but thank you very much for talking to him, Frank wants to learn more about this communication with animals, he was always a sceptic.”

On Thursday, 7 December, 9.36 h, we got an long email from Frank: “Hi Ted. Got the final proof yesterday morning that our contact in Swartruggens, the neighbour, was the fly in the ointment. He was extremely mad at us when we just arrived there without consulting with him first. He just unlocked the gates, shouted at Warrior to spook him, and left. We closed the gates before Warrior could bolt, and slowly and silently started securing the yard perimeter with shadenet while keeping a close eye on Warrior. We had about secured one corner when one of the team noted that Warrior wanted to go into the house through a side door. It was opened and he went inside and lay down in the kitchen.

“Not leaving anything to chance, we secured the kitchen window from the outside and a couple of us went in slowly to see what would happen. He was sitting quietly under the windowsill in the half dark. I told the guys to stay back and went to sit about 2 m from him and started talking to him, telling him to look at me and remember his dream. He gave me glances and then looked away, just sitting there. I kept on talking, telling him we were there to help him and take him to Minchkins and his family, slowly moving closer. I started scratching behind his ear and for a moment he snarled at me, but I just continued, softly telling him it was not necessary. He turned around and lay down with his head between his front paws, totally succumbing. My friend moved closer and asked if he could join us. I said yes and he also started scratching him, reassuring him that he was going home. I injected him a small amount of tranquilizer to make it easier for us to load him into the trailer and keep him calm and sleeping most of the way. Some of the group started clearing up again outside while the others stayed with him, talking to him and reassuring him that all would be ok. We moved him onto a duvet and carried him to the trailer. We put one of his lady’s old sweaters in with him for the familiar smell. I also took the carpet that he was apparently sleeping on and gave it to Lars. You will see him sitting on it in his house.

“Overall it was an enriching and extremely emotional experience for all of us involved. I cannot but thank you for the role you played in this and would very much wish to talk to you some more at a later stage.

“By the way, I think I was one of the first people in SA to buy a copy of your book on Amazon. I thoroughly enjoyed it and it was enriching to see how similar our experience of living with wolves in the house is to yours.”

At 09.45 h, another e-mail from him arrived: “My total distance travelled since Saturday morning with three trips to Swartruggens and two to Lars, is just under 2000 km. Every one of them worthwhile. I love the photo of Minchkins kissing him when I opened up the trailer at his new home.”

At 09.53 h, the next mail followed with photos of Warrior and his family attached. It said: “My final conclusion on this terrible case is that we are dealing with a wolf that has gone to hell and back the last couple of months. He turned from a very loved and well cared-for house companion into a semi-feral wolf roaming the area and fighting with dogs to survive. He has numerous bite marks, is covered in ticks and has injured his paw. Lars is tending to it. His ears are also terribly bitten by flies, showing that he basically lived outside for some time. As I read the timeline of events this downhill trend must have started around June/July until ending in this tragedy.”

Ted wrote back to both: “I got all your mails/SMSs, I think. Thanks for the additional info and the photos! I slept like a log last night, completely drained after all the drama, and just so happy that all ended well.

“After receiving your SMS that you were about half an hour from reaching him, I made contact immediately, but like throughout the day before, he wouldn’t answer me and was distrusting me to some extent over the broken promise of the time of collection that had been rained out. At least I noted that he was listening, and that what was important. I kept on virtually bombarding him every few minutes with your picture, telling him this was the friendly tallwalker he could trust and that he would now arrive very soon. Then, eventually, he responded for the first time, letting me feel how unsure he was of everything. I reassured him that all would be fine, connecting him to Minchkins and his family at Lars’s place who did not seem to have direct contact with him (strange!) and pictures of my imagination of a happy reunion. He liked that idea very much. Then I got the briefest of flashes of you standing at the gate and the connection broke off abruptly. A little while later I managed to obtain a blurry picture of what looked like as though he was looking out of something through white bars and guessed it was a trailer. I was greatly relieved! And then your SMS arrived that all went better than anyone might have expected and my blood pressure returned to normal.

“I was unable to connect again until sometime in the early afternoon: Warrior was a little scared in the ‘moving box’ (= trailer), but like the contact before, it was all blurry and no proper connection was possible.

“In the evening, I managed to establish a good contact once more, and he was happy in the company of Minchkins and several wolves. He had realized that there were tallwalkers that could indeed be trusted, and I told him that he can trust anyone who can talk to him like I did and those a “talking tallwalker” tells him are okay. He sent me the picture of you back, smiling…

“I think Warrior expected that you would now be looking after him and Minchkins. I didn’t of course confuse him with letting him know that this would not be the case and another tallwalker, Lars, would take over. The priority had to be to get him back to the house and trust you when you arrived. I think he will settle in quite quickly and accept Lars’s role in it. I would not really like to interfere in this process unless there are genuine problems popping up.

“There is no reason to thank me. I would much rather like to thank both of you for saving a wolf’s life and giving him a new home!

“There were some serious stumbling blocks in the whole story that made it difficult to the extreme for me to operate effectively. While these pushed me to try out new approaches that fortunately worked and taught me new things, they might have spoiled everything in a more acute scenario.”

Late that evening, Ted contacted Warrior again and sent his findings to both our friends – the old and the new one: “I connected to Warrior, which has once more become easy. I found him blissfully asleep, and he thought he was dreaming. ‘You are finally at home and safe now. Did you recognize your old family? And the friendly tallwalker who now looks after you? The place you are at now is where tallwalkers come who want to meet you and the other wolves because they love you like I do – and the other two tallwalkers (I send pictures of both of you).’ ‘Are you feeling good?’ Dreamy pictures in response. ‘Oh, you got bowled over and snarled at today? Yes, you must learn that you have a certain place in a large pack now. Later, you may rise in the ranks, but for now you must listen to your elders!’ He almost wakes up now. ‘Hello Warrior, yes, this was not a dream…’”

For Ted a dream has come true. Why? The preface of his book says it at the end of page 8: And if it helps to save the life of just one wolf, my dream will have come true. He says that his part in this rescue mission was a very small one, but I see it from a different angle and am very proud of him and it certainly helped the real hero in this story, our new friend Frank.

And if you want to learn more about what it is like to live with wolves and what animal communication is and can do for you, you may want to get yourself a copy of Ted’s book: A Houseful A Headful of Wolves.

I hope you enjoyed this little story and wish all of you
A peaceful and Merry Christmas and
A successful and happy New Year

Will be continued…

Volume 12, Issue 157, November 2017

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 12, Issue 157, November 2017

From the Editor’s Desk

Up on the Highveld, we have been experiencing some of the weirdest weather ever. November is supposed to be a mid-spring month and usually it will be warm to rather hot with more or less daily thunderstorms. Well, there were some hot days and a few thunderstorms this year, too, but there were also two, fortunately brief, periods with outright winter weather, worse actually than most of the winter! Maybe our furry kids knew what was coming, because, untypical for them, they have not even begun to shed their winter coat.

Well, what have we got for you this month? Bad news for wolves and wildlife in general from the US, of course. And there are some minor German politicians who still are misguided into thinking they can do as they please once elected into positions of relative power. Sorry guys, too many eyes are watching you…

Rick Lamplugh provides more insights into wolf (and coyote) management; very valuable information and fresh perspectives indeed, as usual.

We have a poem, a little enigmatic, but really haunting; at least that’s how I feel about it.

Erin updates us on her pack and makes it clear once more that dangers lurk in the most unexpected places and can strike any time.

And if you still wonder what to give to a wolf lover for Xmas (yeah, it’s just six weeks to go!), why not get him or her a copy of my book?

English version

Deutsche Fassung

   
A Houseful Headful of Wolves

The Story of two People sharing their Home and Lives with Wolves

available from www.amazon.com and all other Amazon online shops

Das Haus Den Kopf voller Wölfe

Die Geschichte zweier Menschen, die ihr Heim und Leben mit Wölfen teilen

erhältlich bei www.amazon.de und allen anderen Amazon Online-Shops

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs here

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

3. Join Us for Wine and Wolves

Annual Holiday Celebration to Benefit the Wolf Conservation Center!
7:00pm – 10:00pm
Thursday, December 7, 2017
Join the Wolf Conservation Center family to toast to eighteen years of success in our mission of education and conservation at a festive holiday party and silent auction at the newly renovated Le Chateau estate!
Le Chateau will be serving an exceptional assortment of their chef’s finest food, accompanied by a selection of wines provided by Candoni De Zan and wolf-inspired cocktails from Montelobos Mezcal.  A DJ from Hal Prince Music will be providing music throughout the evening.
Amazing and unique items will be available all evening for auction via silent bid, including a once in a lifetime opportunity to experience The Walker Library of the History of Human Imagination in Ridgefield, CT!  Our charming Wolf Conservation Center merchandise will also be available for sale – perfect and unique gifts for the holiday season.

Tickets are $125 and attendance is limited to 200. Past years’ events have sold out, so sign up today! You may also call 914-763-2373 to register or for more information.

For Tickets go to https://nywolf.org/benefits/wine-and-wolves-2017

News from the Wolf Front

National

Nothing to report

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: Writing the next chapter in wolf recovery

By the mid-1930s, after decades of intolerance and unchecked killing, wolves were eradicated from all but a few areas in the lower 48 states.

It seemed like the end was inevitable for wolves on the landscape in the lower 48.

But Defenders has always been a champion for wolves and we weren’t going to let that be the end of the story.

We’ve had successes. But the greatest threat to wolves remains the same as it did from the start of their persecution all those years ago – humankind.

With the growing populations of wolves on our landscape, the threat of their coming into contact with communities increases every day.

That is why Defenders is determined to help the public share the land with wolves and dispel the myths and misconceptions that nearly silenced them for good. This is the very centre of our coexistence work – and it’s the key to creating a future for wolves and other wildlife.

Help us continue to write the story for wolves: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=ahfATwBBWfOBD4zzAmWM3A

 

  1. USA: Wolves are returning, but they need your help!

I have been lucky enough to hear the howl of wolves echoing in the wilderness. And I will always treasure the fact that, as Director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, I had a hand in bringing wolves back to the wild.

You may not realize it, but you did too – in fact, as a Defender of Wildlife, you’ve been there all along.

Continue your commitment to restoring wolves: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=FJoIAPHxfMGEEekXCIzfsw

Over the years, we’ve made great strides and, as a result of our tireless efforts, wolf recovery is working. Wolves are now living in areas where they were once wiped out – places like Oregon, Washington, Arizona, New Mexico and California.

But turning back the clock on the devastation of wolves in this country isn’t as simple as reintroducing wolves to the wild.

Right now, wolves and other recovering wildlife are at a critical crossroads. The growth and expansion of wildlife populations into new territories means they are coming into contact with humans more often. And if history is any guide, contact means conflict. That is where our pioneering coexistence efforts come in.

Our coexistence work is at a pivotal point.

In order to achieve lasting success for wolves, we must change people’s hearts and minds about these iconic predators.

Defenders’ pioneering coexistence work has improved relationships with landowners and fostered partnerships with the federal government and state and local decision makers to advance recovery.

Make way for wolves! Give today to further our coexistence efforts to help the public share the land with wildlife: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=oa1ptNHNViUOodv7vlhSzQ

We have known since day one that reducing conflicts between wolves and people is key to long-term wolf recovery. And that long-term vision is what sets us apart.

The life of every wolf is precious, yet as wolf populations continue to grow, our focus must shift to be more about the survival of the species as a whole – especially as interactions with humans increase.

We can’t afford to be short-sighted. If we’re not coexisting with wildlife then we’re condemning wildlife.

Please give today to help us give wolves the long-term future they deserve: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=EXyiGEWfxSR2_BsG14DeFA

 

From ForceChange (TakeAction@ForceChange.com)

USA: Stop Plans to Slaughter Endangered Wolves

Endangered grey wolves will soon be open to slaughter in Wisconsin if ranchers and hunters get their way. Sign this petition to demand protections for this majestic endangered species: https://forcechange.com/421006/dont-allow-killing-of-endangered-wolves/

Now it’s our turn to ask for help: For those of you who are already Premium Members — thank you from the bottom of our hearts! For the rest of our community, please consider the following message:

Our organization is only able to continue our work due to the financial support from people like you: https://forcechange.com/forcechange-now/?utm_source=FC-newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_content=long-text .This is because running a major online activism platform is expensive. Without our Premium Members, we would be forced to shut down our operations — and animal abusers, environmental polluters and wrongdoers across the globe would breathe a sigh of relief knowing that there was one less watchdog shining light on their evil ways.

Don’t let this happen! Please consider upgrading right now to ensure we can continue our important work. When you upgrade to a Premium Membership, you will also gain access to our Premium Perks, which include:

We’re so sure you will love your Premium Membership and the Premium Perks that if you upgrade right now, we’ll guarantee a full refund for the next 7 days if you’re unsatisfied. Simply email us within 7 days if you’d like to cancel your upgrade and receive a full refund https://forcechange.com/forcechange-now/?utm_source=FC-newsletter&utm_medium=email&utm_content=long-text

From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org)

1. Germany: Save the Cuxland Pack – New Petiton! (translated here from German)

Dear supporters,

Pumpak is still missing, and incidents relating to wolves in the whole of Germany have abounded since January this year. The Rosenthal Pack in Saxony is safe for now, but it is still at risk. The wolves in Lower Saxony are presently in great danger. If the Lower Saxony politicians can have it their way, the complete Cuxland Pack should be killed. They pursue lobby politics against the will of the majority. You can read the full article here (in German).

Purportedly, the pack displays abnormal behaviour, but is that really so?

Please sign and share the petition here.

2. Germany: Saxony – again a Wolf shall die! I am asking for your help! (translated here from German)

28 Oct 2017 — Again a wolf in Saxony shall die; a sacrificial lamb for District Councillor Harig who has set his sights on the entire Rosenthal Pack and wants it killed. It was only a short while ago that his proposal to this effect was rejected, and now it seems he is trying to get his will by means of individual shooting permits. He himself is a hobby shepherd and was recently quoted as saying that keeping and breeding grazing animals were more important than species conservation. This man was democratically voted into power and is supposed to act in the interest of all citizens, not to pursue lobby politics for his buddies. The order to shoot Pumpak is not yet 9 months old, and already it all starts over. You can read the press briefing (in German) here: https://www.medienservice.sachsen.de/medien/news/214194

Please send your protests to:

Umweltminister Thomas Schmidt
CDU-Fraktion des Sächsischen Landtages
Bernhard-von-Lindenau-Platz 1
01067 Dresden
Tel. (0351) 493-5576
Fax (0351) 451031-5576
thomas.schmidt@slt.sachsen.de
www.thomas-schmidt-online.de and

Landrat Harig
Landratsamt Bautzen

Bahnhofstraße 9

02625 Bautzen
Tel.: 03591 5251-80000
Fax: 03591 5250-80000
E-Mail: landrat@lra-bautzen.de

And please donate to:
Wolfsschutz Deutschland in Pro Naturschutz Sachsen e. V. (Grüne Liga Sachsen)
Erzgebirgssparkasse
IBAN DE78 8705 4000 0725 0179 88
BIC WELADED1STB

Donations are tax-deductible.
From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: HE is not a Trophy

Bill H.R. 424 seeks undermine the Endangered Species Act and allow wolves to be shot and trapped for trophy in 4 states. To add insult to injury, the bill prohibits its judicial review thus preventing any legal challenge.

Take action here.

 

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

  1. Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – September 1-30, 2017

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at

www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf.

Past updates may be viewed on either website, or interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf telemetry flight location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH or www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/RWL.cfm.

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to:(928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

Dr. Benjamin Tuggle is the new USFWS Assistant Director for Science Applications. The new USFWS Southwest Regional Director is Amy Lueders, formerly the Bureau of Land Management State Director for New Mexico.

On September 7, the USFWS met with the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish and the Chairman of the New Mexico State Game Commission to discuss Mexican wolf recovery issues.

The  USFWS met September 29 with AGFD to discuss matching funds for Livestock Demonstration Grants for depredation compensation and payments for presence.

The USFWS convened a conference call on September 20 with staff from Congressman Pearce’s office to discuss Mexican wolf recovery issues.

On September 27, a symposium entitled “Mexican Wolf Conservation: Two Decades of Reintroduction and the Future of Recovery” was held at The Wildlife Society Annual Conference in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The symposium featured speakers covering a variety of topics from the USFWS, AGFD, USDA-APHIS Wildlife Services, Wolf Haven International, biologists leading the recovery effort in Mexico, and a local rancher.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) indicate wolves younger than 24 months or pups. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. Studbook numbers listed in the monthly update denote wolves with functioning radio collars. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups).  Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

During annual year-end population counts, the IFT documented a minimum of 113 Mexican wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico at the end of 2016.  At the end of September, there were 64 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

Wolves with functioning radio collars are listed by studbook number in the pack updates below.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared M1338 and F1335)

In September, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the SCAR and on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF).  A minimum of three pups were documented with the Bear Wallow Pack in late summer; however this number may change as the IFT continues to document observations of this pack.

Bluestem Pack (collared F1489, f1563, and fp1665)

In September, the Bluestem Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, m1471, f1473, and fp1668)

In September, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF. A female pup, fp1668, was captured, collared and released in September. The pack continued to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of September.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In September, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038)

In September, the Hawks Nest Pack consisted of one collared wolf, AM1038.  AM1038 was located travelling alone in the traditional territory of the Diamond Pack in the northern and central portions of the ASNF.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, f1550, f1663, and mp1666)

In September, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF.  The IFT continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing.  A male pup, mp1666, in the Hoodoo pack was captured, collared and released in September.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In September, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In September, the Panther Creek Pack was located in the east central portion of the ASNF.  Single yearling female 1484 and a minimum of three pups were documented travelling with the pack during the month of September.  The IFT continued to maintain a food cache for this pack to reduce potential for livestock depredations and with the goal of increasing survival of genetically valuable pups that the IFT cross-fostered into the Panther Creek Pack in May.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488)

In September, F1488 and an unknown collared wolf continued to travel together within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  F1488 was captured, re-collared and released in late September.

Saffel Pack (collared AF1567 and mp1661)

In September, the Saffel Pack was located in the north eastern portion of the ASNF, north of the traditional territory of the Hoodoo Pack.  The IFT continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing.

Single collared m1483

Yearling male 1483 was documented travelling alone in the north eastern portion of the ASNF in Arizona during September.

Single collared f1484

Female 1484 was documented travelling with the Panther Creek Pack in the Panther Creek’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF during September.

Single collared f1562

Female 1562 was localized in the north central portion of the ASNF during September and has been documented travelling with an unknown collared wolf.

ON THE FAIR:

Diamond Pack (collared m1559, f1560, m1571, and m1572)

In September, the Diamond Pack was located in their traditional territory on the FAIR and in the north central portion of the ASNF. At the end of September m1571 was documented travelling separate from the pack. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for the Diamond Pack to reduce potential for further wolf-livestock conflict.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343 and AF1283)

In September, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Dark Canyon (collared F1456 and M1354)

During September, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF.

Copper Creek (collared F1444 and M1386)

During September, F1444 and M1386 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, and m1556)

During September, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF).  The IFT continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during September.

Lava Pack (collared F1405 and AM1285)

During September, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south eastern portion of the GNF.  The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During September, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.  The IFT continued to monitor the pack for pup rearing behaviour in September.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158 and AF1487)

During September, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce potential for livestock depredations.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439 and fp1664)

During September, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north western portion of the GNF.  The Mangas Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with pup rearing.  A diversionary food cache established in May to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts was removed by the IFT at the end of September. The Mangas Pack was not involved in any wolf-livestock conflicts during that time period.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, M1398, f1565, and mp1669)

During September, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing in September.  The IFT captured, collared, and released mp1669 of the Prieto Pack during routine collaring efforts in September. A diversionary food cache established in May to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts was removed by the IFT at the end of September.  The Prieto pack was not involved in any wolf-livestock conflicts during that time period.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and mp1582)

During September, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT maintained a supplemental food cache with the goal of increasing survival of the genetically diverse litter of pups.  The IFT captured, collared, and released mp1582 during collaring efforts in September. Male pup 1582 is a wild born pup, not one of the pups cross-fostered this spring.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, F1553, and mp1667)

During September, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of September.  The IFT captured, collared, and released mp1667 of the SBP pack during routine collaring efforts in September. A diversionary food cache established in June to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts was removed at the end of September.  The SBP pack was not involved in any wolf conflicts during that time period.

Single collared AM1155

During September, AM1155 was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single collared M1455

M1455 was not located by the IFT during September.

Single collared m1486

During September, m1486 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared M1552

During September, M1552 travelled throughout central portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF) and eastern portions of the GNF.

Single collared m1569

During September, m1569 travelled throughout central portions of the CNF and eastern portions of the GNF.

MORTALITIES

There were no documented mortalities in September.  From January 1 to September 30, 2017 there have been a total of eight documented wolf mortalities.

INCIDENTS

During the month of September, there were two confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock and no nuisance incidents.  From January 1 to September 30, 2017 there have been a total of 16 confirmed depredation incidents in New Mexico and 15 confirmed depredation incidents in Arizona.

On September 6, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf had been killed by coyotes.

On September 7, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf died from a vehicle strike.

On September 7, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the calf died of unknown causes.

On September 10, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ.  The investigation determined the calf died of respiratory illness.

On September 20 Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the bull died from a vehicle strike.

On September 17, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ.  The investigation determined the calf died of unknown causes.

On September 18, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ.  The investigation determined the calf died of unknown causes.

On September 22, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ.  The investigation determined the calf had been killed by a wolf.

On September 28, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ.  The investigation determined the calf had been killed by a wolf.

On September 28, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM.  The investigation determined the cow had been killed by a bear.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On September 9, the IFT assisted with the annual calf branding at the Deadman Ranch in New Mexico.

On September 16, the IFT gave a talk on the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program to a group of students studying habitat ecology from Arizona State University.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

In September, two new personnel joined the field team in temporary volunteer positions with the USFWS.

In September, the White Mountain Apache Tribe field personnel returned to the Interagency Field Team working on the FAIR

  1. Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – October 1-31, 2017

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

The USFWS met with Phil Miller, of Conservation Planning Specialist Group, in the week of October 2 to discuss public and peer review comments on the draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan, Biological Report and appendices.

The Department of Justice submitted the 6-month status report to the court on October 18, in compliance with the Stipulated Settlement Agreement to complete the Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan by the end of November 2017.

Southwest Regional Director Amy Lueders met with the WMAT Tribal Council on October 18 to discuss several USFWS issues, including the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program.

The USFWS convened a conference call with Mexico’s National Commission of Natural Protected Areas (CONANP by its Spanish acronym) to discuss actions and costs necessary to achieve recovery of Mexican wolves in Mexico.

The USFWS met with the AGFD and New Mexico Department of Game and Fish on October 25 to discuss issues regarding the final Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan.

On October 27, 2017, Peter Siminski retired from the Living Desert Zoo and Gardens in Palm Desert, California, and as the Mexican Wolf Species Survival Plan Coordinator and Studbook Keeper.  The USFWS expresses its gratitude for the more than 30 years that Peter Siminski has devoted to the recovery of the Mexican wolf.

Regional Director Lueders convened a conference call on October 30 with the Mexican Wolf Tribal Working Group to discuss Tribal perspectives on Mexican wolf recovery.

On October 31, Regional Director Lueders contacted the leaders of several Tribes and Pueblos directly affected by Mexican wolf recovery in Arizona and New Mexico to discuss concerns, process and communication.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) indicate wolves younger than 24 months or pups. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

During annual year-end population counts, the IFT documented a minimum of 113 Mexican wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico at the end of 2016.  At the end of October, there were 69 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, AF1335, and m1673)

In October, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the SCAR and on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF).  A yearling male, m1673, travelling with the Bear Wallow Pack was captured, collared, and released.  A minimum of three pups were documented; however, minimum pup numbers may change as the IFT continues to document observations of wolf packs.

Bluestem Pack (collared F1489, f1563, and fp1665)

In October, the Bluestem Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  Two pups were documented with the pack in October.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, m1471, f1473, m1477, fp1668, and mp1671)

In October, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF. A male pup, mp1671, and a yearling male, m1477, were captured, collared and released in October. Two pups were documented traveling with the pack in October.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In October, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico.  No pups have been documented travelling with F1443 and m1447.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038)

In October, the Hawks Nest Pack consisted of one collared wolf, AM1038. AM1038 was located travelling alone in the traditional territory of the Diamond Pack in the northern and central portions of the ASNF.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, f1550, f1663, and mp1666)

In October, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF. Hoodoo f1663 dispersed from her natal territory and has localized in the eastern portion of the FAIR and north central portion of the ASNF with Diamond m1571.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In October, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.  AF1291 was observed travelling with another wolf.  No pups have been documented with this pack.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In October, the Panther Creek Pack was located in the east central portion of the ASNF.  Single yearling female, f1484, was documented occasionally travelling with the pack.  The IFT continued to maintain a food cache for this pack to reduce potential for livestock depredations and with the goal of increasing survival of pups that the IFT cross-fostered into the Panther Creek Pack in May.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488)

In October, F1488 was documented travelling within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF with an uncollared male.  The unknown collared wolf that F1488 had been travelling with was not documented in October.

Saffel Pack (collared AF1567 and mp1661)

In October, the Saffel Pack was located in the north eastern portion of the ASNF, north of the traditional territory of the Hoodoo Pack.  Four pups were documented travelling with the Saffel Pack in October.

Single collared m1483

Male 1483 continued to travel alone in the north eastern portion of the ASNF in Arizona during October.

Single collared f1484

Female 1484 was documented travelling alone and occasionally with the Panther Creek Pack in the Panther Creek’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF during October.

Single collared f1562

Female 1562 was localized in the north central portion of the ASNF during October and has been documented travelling with an unknown collared wolf.

Single collared mp1672

A male pup, mp1672, with unknown parentage and affiliation was caught, collared, and released in the north central portion of the ASNF during the month of October.

ON THE FAIR:

Diamond Pack (collared m1559, f1560, m1571, and m1572)

In October, the Diamond Pack was located in their traditional territory on the FAIR and in the north central portion of the ASNF.  Yearling males m1559 and m1572 were documented occasionally dispersing into new areas in the eastern portion of the FAIR. The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for the Diamond Pack to reduce potential for further wolf-livestock conflict.  Yearling male, m1571, made a large dispersal movement north of the ASFS onto the Navajo Nation. At the request of the Navajo Nation, the IFT captured m1571, translocated and released the wolf back within the MWEPA. Following the translocation, m1571 has localized in the eastern portion of the FAIR and north central portion of the ASNF and has paired with Hoodoo f1663.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343 and AF1283)

In October, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Copper Creek (collared F1444 and M1386)

During October, M1386 was documented travelling within the west central portion of the GNF.  F1444 was not located during October due to a collar malfunction, but is believed to still be travelling with M1386.

Dark Canyon (collared F1456 and M1354)

During October, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF).

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During October, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.  The IFT continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during October.  The IFT captured, collared, and released sub-adult wolves m1555, m1556 and f1670.  Sub-adult m1555 had its radio collar slip off after it was collared as a pup in 2016.

Lava Pack (collared F1405 and AM1285)

During October, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south eastern portion of the GNF.  In October, the IFT discontinued the diversionary food cache that had been maintained for the Lava Pack as a result of the pack making larger movements within their territory during the fall.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During October, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158 and AF1487)

During October, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT discontinued the diversionary food cache in October which had been maintained for the Luna Pack to reduce potential for wolf livestock conflict.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and fp1664)

During October, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north western portion of the GNF.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, M1398, and f1565)

During October, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing in October. Male pup 1669, which was collared in early September, had its radio collar slip off in October.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and fp1578)

During October, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT captured, collared and released fp1578, which is one of two pups from the Brookfield Zoo that were placed into the pack’s den during a cross-foster operation this past May in effort to increase genetic diversity of wolves in the wild.  The IFT continued to maintain a supplemental food cache with the goal of increasing survival of the genetically diverse litter of pups.  Male pup 1582, which was collared by the IFT in September, had its radio collar slip off in October.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, F1553, and mp1667)

During October, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of October.

Single collared AM1155

During October, AM1155 was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single collared M1455

M1455 was not located by the IFT during October.

Single collared m1486

During October, m1486 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared M1552

During October, M1552 travelled throughout central portion of the CNF and eastern portion of the GNF.

Single collared m1569

During October, m1569 travelled throughout central portion of the CNF and eastern portion of the GNF.

MORTALITIES

There were no documented wolf mortalities during the month of October.  From January 1 to October 31, there have been a total of eight documented wolf mortalities in 2017.

INCIDENTS

During the month of October, there were no confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock and there were no nuisance incidents.  From January 1 to October 31, 2017 there have been a total of 16 confirmed depredation incidents in New Mexico and 15 confirmed depredation incidents in Arizona.

On October 16, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf died of unknown causes.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

There were no communication and coordination updates for the month of October.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

There were no personnel updates for the project in October.

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at(505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

Other News

National

Nothing to report

Next Door

Nothing to report

International

From ForceChange (TakeAction@ForceChange.com)

  1. India: Justice for Baby Elephant Burned Alive

The back legs of a baby elephant were consumed in fire as she desperately ran to her mother, screaming in pain and fear. This was the scene captured by a photographer in India who witnessed an angry mob attacking a mother and child elephant with flaming tar balls and firecrackers. Demand authorities take immediate action to protect elephants from attacks: https://forcechange.com/412955/justice-for-baby-elephant-burned-alive/

From Change.org (Salty Dog via Change.org (change@mail.change.org))

  1. USA: Trump to allow imports of African elephant trophies

Elephants are on the list of threatened species; the global community has rallied to stem the ivory trade; and now, the U.S. government, on Ryan Zinke’s urging and Trump’s decision, is giving American trophy hunters the green light to kill them.

Original article by Timothy Cama – 11/15/17 08:48 PM EST: http://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/360614-trump-to-allow-imports-of-african-elephant-trophies

The Trump administration is reversing an Obama administration ban on bringing to the United States the heads of elephants killed in two African countries.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) said it has determined that hunting African elephants in Zimbabwe and Zambia “will enhance the survival of the species in the wild,” which is the standard by which officials judge whether to allow imports of parts — known as trophies — of the animals.

“Legal, well-regulated sport hunting as part of a sound management program can benefit the conservation of certain species by providing incentives to local communities to conserve the species and by putting much-needed revenue back into conservation,” an FWS spokesman said in a statement late Wednesday after hunting group Safari Club International announced the policy.

Imports will be allowed for elephants killed between Jan. 21 and the end of 2018.

The decision, cheered by some hunting and gun rights groups, is a reversal of the policy under the Obama administration. The United States and international authorities say the African elephant is a threatened species, and the Obama administration argued that allowing trophy imports would harm the animals by encouraging killing them.

The reversal is part of a wide-ranging effort by Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke, whose department includes the FWS, to promote hunting.

“Some of my best memories are hunting and fishing with my dad and granddad, and then later teaching my own kids to hunt and fish. That’s something I want more families to experience,” Zinke said in a September statement in which he announced that the arcade game Big Buck Hunter would be temporarily installed in the department’s headquarters.

The National Rifle Association’s lobbying arm praised the elephant trophy decision.

“By lifting the import ban on elephant trophies in Zimbabwe and Zambia the Trump Administration underscored, once again, the importance of sound scientific wildlife management and regulated hunting to the survival and enhancement of game species in this country and worldwide,” Chris Cox, executive director of the group’s Institute for Legislative Action, said in a statement.

Animal rights groups slammed the Trump administration.

“Let’s be clear: elephants are on the list of threatened species; the global community has rallied to stem the ivory trade; and now, the U.S. government is giving American trophy hunters the green light to kill them,” Wayne Pacelle, president of the Humane Society of the United States, wrote in a blog post.

“What kind of message does it send to say to the world that poor Africans who are struggling to survive cannot kill elephants in order to use or sell their parts to make a living, but that it’s just fine for rich Americans to slay the beasts for their tusks to keep as trophies?” he continued.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

A Way to Protect Wolves and Coyotes

by Rick Lamplugh, author and wildlife advocate

Far too often, people charged with illegally killing a wolf claim they thought they were shooting a coyote. The hunter who recently shot and killed a wolf in Oregon made such a questionable claim. So did the man who shot the first wolf to reach the Grand Canyon. Often the dead wolf was protected under state or federal laws. Such illegal killing happens in shocking numbers according to a commentary by scientists published in the international journal Biodiversity and Conservation.

In “When Shooting a Coyote Kills a Wolf: Mistaken Identity or Misguided Management?”, Thomas Newsome, Jeremy Bruskotter, and William Ripple present these statistics:

  1. Of the 711 radio-collared grey wolves that died in the western U.S. between 1982 and 2004, 12% were killed illegally.
  2. Of all the red wolves that have died to date, 25% of them fell to illegal shooting.
  3. For Mexican wolves, illegal killing accounts for about 55% of all deaths from 1998 to 2013.

These are just the deaths that researchers know about. The count does not include the number of wolves killed secretly by those who believe in “shoot, shovel, and shut up.”

Whatever the total number, the authors state that illegal killing of wolves represents a substantial failure in wolf management, because to meet the objective of the Endangered Species Act wolves need to recolonize significant portions of their former range. And—after decades of trying—grey wolves still occupy only about 15% of their historic range in the lower 48. Worse yet, “…Mexican wolves and red wolves are among the rarest terrestrial mammals in the world.”

The authors believe that new management strategies are required to help wolf populations recover. They suggest that one way to reduce illegal wolf killing is “the banning of coyote hunting at least during the ungulate hunting season to prevent cases of mistaken identity, especially where wolves are at low densities, or recolonizing new areas.” (This was the scenario in Oregon: the hunter was after elk in a state where wolf numbers are low.)

The authors report this approach worked in the 1980s when Wisconsin implemented a coyote hunting ban during deer hunting season to eliminate wolf killing due to mistake identity. After that ban, wolves had unprecedented population growth.

Banning coyote killing won’t be easy. Some people see coyotes as vermin to be destroyed without remorse. Others feel strongly that coyote hunting and derbies help reduce livestock losses.

But banning coyote killing makes sense. The authors point to research that shows “coyote populations are far too resilient to be affected by most periodic control eradication programs, let alone from derbies or recreational hunting.”

Though coyotes are resilient, wolves aren’t. The scientists write that humans killing wolves “is a critical risk factor that requires management, especially when individuals move into new territories unoccupied by other wolves.”

Wolves—especially—dispersing wolves need all the protection we can provide. Banning coyote hunting during deer and elk hunting season would be good for wolves and coyotes.

Indie author Rick Lamplugh writes to protect wildlife and preserve wildlands. His new book, Deep into Yellowstone: A Year’s Immersion in Grandeur and Controversy, is available signed from Rick at http://bit.ly/2tIEt62, or unsigned on Amazon: http://amzn.to/2tgPU3E. His best seller, In the Temple of Wolves, is available signed at http://bit.ly/1gYghB4, or unsigned on Amazon at http://amzn.to/Jpea9Q.

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 144

Wolf and His Assassins

by Taren (Werewolf Mage)

Flash of black across the plain,
Repeating into the distance.
Loping canine, fangs of white,

Over paths of wooded stretches.
Woven forward as the reeds of baskets,
Step after step, paw prints in the new earth.
The call of wind in his ears.

He hears the cry of the torn-up earth,
He scents the blood of dying stars,
The wail of the mournful wind,
The scream of nature’s scars.

But he cannot stop this madness,
Nor can he prevent it.
For if the wolf stresses concern,
He lies dead upon the bleeding grass.

And if you ask the frequent question
Of this forgotten lore,
Who these dreaded killers are,
World and wolf shall scream their answer.

And ever after wail it to the moon,
For the demons of this deed
Are close at hand.

And every fallen tree and howling wolf proclaims,

The killers are staring at this tale this very moment!

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

If nothing bad has happened for a long time you can bet that Murphy is sitting just around the corner, waiting for the right moment to strike. That moment came when our gardeners decided to clean out the weeds from between the pavement bricks in front of the house. And since it is almost impossible to do that without also removing at least part of the soil stuck in there together with the weeds you will end up with small gaps between the pavement bricks. Well, I have to admit that it looks quite neat and tidy, but it is also sort of a trap for the claws of four-legged family members.

In the afternoon of that specific Sunday the furry kids heard something going on in the street, jumped up from their afternoon nap and stormed out into the front yard to investigate. Five minutes later they came back inside with Taima limping on three legs, holding her right front leg up in the air and looking rather unhappy. I wanted to check out what had happened, but she did not allow me to touch her leg or paw so that I could only have a look from a distance and search for blood or a swelling, but there was nothing. First I was relieved that she did not have any apparent injury, thinking she might just have strained a muscle when jumping up and running outside so quickly, but Ted and I quickly discovered that she was in pain, not able to sit or lie down without whimpering. I thought of giving her an anti-inflammatory/painkiller but she refused any food in which I could have concealed it. Just when Ted and I were thinking about taking her to the emergency vet she managed to lie down on her side and started licking her paw – o.k., it was obviously not the leg but the paw, I thought. I suspected a broken claw but that’s usually easy to detect because it will either protrude up or to the side or be bleeding, but all her claws looked perfectly in place. Maybe she had stepped on a thorn that got stuck in her paw? But then she would not just lick the paw but nibble and try to pull it out. When she had calmed down a bit and found a position to rest without her paw hurting too much I started to give her some Reiki (that’s what Reiki masters usually do), not touching her paw but working above it. In the first moment she wanted to back off but then decided to let me go on and enjoy the “nice warm feeling”. After that she fell asleep.

When she woke up she was still walking on three legs, but looked a bit more comfortable. I gave her a second round of Reiki, after which she fell asleep again. Shortly before we went to bed she got up and even managed the three steps of the front stop into the garden for her last small business, limped back inside, made herself comfortable on her sleeping place and allowed me to give her a third treatment. Although I slept with one eye and ear open she seemed to be relaxed and fast asleep throughout the night. When Ted and I woke up the next morning she jumped onto the bed, smiling from one ear to the other, handing out kisses to both of us, declaring herself fine once more. For the first few hours she was still limping a bit, but walking on all four, and a while later we watched her playing chasing games with Kajack and Ascar as though nothing ever had happened the day before. Apparently she got stuck with the two middle claws in one of the gaps between the pavement bricks and overstretched the two “fingers”, maybe even pulling them out of their sockets for a moment and pinching a nerve when they slipped back in.

Although I love to see my garden neat and tidy I have to admit that I will much rather live with “green seams” between the pavement bricks than see one of our pack getting hurt. And although I’m sure it was just a freak accident that might never happen again, I have instructed our gardeners not to clean there again but leave it to me to come up with a better (and safer) plan.

Will be continued…

Volume 12, Issue 156, October 2017

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 12, Issue 156, October 2017

From the Editor’s Desk

Here we go again: Hysterical politicians versus nature treasures and a few reasonable people with brains who put up the last stand. The only difference between the news in this newsletter and those in many, many previous ones is that the American hysteria seems to have found copycats in Germany, interestingly in a region that is likewise orientated to the right of the political spectrum. #So sad…

We thought it sensible to include here a more unbiased look at the situation, which re-immigrant wolves find themselves in in Germany to enable people to form their own opinion based on information rather than on emotion and propaganda.

Also included is a Russian wolf tale, and Erin is back with a brief report on what her pack is up to these days.

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

Say Yes to New Adventures!

International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs here.

Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center

Wake Up With Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center’s popular nocturnal adventure experience, gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 25 wolves that call the center home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!

Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and Registration here.

News from the Wolf Front

National

Nothing to report

International

1. Germany: Petiton update: Pumpak the Wolf must continue to live (translated here from German)

Are more than 122.000 signatures still not enough to be taken seriously?

That’s politicians for you: Actually we wanted to hand our successful petition against the shooting of Pumpak (so far more than 122.000 signatures) and against the shooting of the Rosenthal pack (almost 40.000 signatures) – to the people in charge still before the general elections www.change.org/woelfe, but the politicians did not allow that.

While the advisor to Saxony’s minister for Environmental Affairs and Agriculture, Schmidt, responded to our application for an appointment to hand in the petition stating that it was not common practice in Saxony to hand over petitions to ministers directly, the district administrator of Bautzen, Michael Harig (CDU) defends in his written response the planned shooting of the Rosenthal pack by saying that the provisions taken into consideration by the district are not an act of stately arbitrariness but represent an act of the law.

Is that democracy? Are these politicians really so afraid of so many people taking a stand against the shooting of Pumpak and the Rosenthal pack? We have to act against so much arbitrariness! This is ignorance and unacceptable.

We have to go against this! Keep supporting us and protest by e-mails and phone calls to Mr. Harig

Phone: 03591 5251-80000; Fax: 03591 5250-80000
landrat@lra-bautzen.de

And to the advisor of Saxony’s state minister Schmidt

Ronny.Zienert@smul.sachsen.de

  1. Germany: Escapee Wolves in Bavaria must not be shot

During the night of Friday (06.10.17) to Saturday, some wolves escaped from the Falkenstein National Park in Bavaria. One has already been killed by a car, and another has been shot dead.

We will not accept that the wolves that escaped from the National Park Center Falkenstein in Bavaria’s Ludwigsthal (district Regen) are shot.

According to a press release of the National Park management, a door to the enclosure was broken open, and a number of wolves found their way out. It can only be speculated who has and why this door was broken open.

We of the Wolfschutz Deutschland [Wolf Conservation Germany] within the registered organisation Pro Naturschutz Sachsen (Pro Nature Conservation Saxony) (Grüne Liga Sachsen; Green League Saxony) object to plans of shooting the escaped wolves and demand an end to the hysterical and heartless treatment of the wolf.

15 years ago, the she-wolf Bärbel escaped from the Klingenthal Animal Park. Our chairman, Wolfgang Riether, fought for her life while she roamed through a number of federal states. He submitted several appeals for clemency. Contrary to the claims by officials of the large nature conservation groups, Bärbel was able to hunt and survive on her own. When it was eventually decided that she could live in freedom she was shot dead by a hunter from Lower Saxony.

You can read Bärbel’s story here: http://www.gepardenland.de/Wolf/Baerbel.htm

The claims made in a press release by the National Park Centre, stating the wolves would not be able to survive on their own and must therefore be shot is as absurd as calling these wolves “ticking time bombs”, as was done today by a Bavarian radio station.

We demand that the wolves, if they cannot be captured, are allowed live in freedom. Where else, if not in a national park, will be enough space for these predators. In the same way Bärbel managed to survive these wolves will also learn to take care of themselves. Our member Beatrice Rüger has initiated a petition for the Bavarian escapee wolves. You can sign it here: https://www.change.org/p/tötet-nicht-die-entlaufenen-wölfe-jede-minute-zählt. Please do so and share the address further.

  1. Germany: Escapee Wolves in Bavaria: Second wolf shot dead!

We have just learned that another wolf was shot dead! We are busy preparing for the hand-over of our petition. Please protest again via phone calls and e-mails to the persons in charge.

Dr. Franz Leibl, head of the National Park management:

Phone: +49 8552 9600135; Fax:+49 8552 9600100; E-mail: franz.leibl@npv-bw.bayern.de

 

  1. Germany: Appeal for clemency for the escapee wolves to Bavaria’s Prime Minister, Horst Seehofer

Until we will have received an appointment to hand over our petition eventually, we have sent an open letter to prime minister Horst Seehofer and asked for clemency for those wolves that are still alive. To lend it more weight, it would be great if many more people signed our petition. We keep on fighting for the wolves, but we need your support!

From Protect the Wolves (http://www.protectthewolves.com)

  1. USA: Montana Slaughters another possible Park Wolf

Montana has slaughtered another possible Yellowstone Wolf in Unit 316. 18 possible Park Wolves have lost their lives in Wyoming, and 19 more in the rest of Wyoming as of today.

Hunters are camped tight against the boundary line in Montana, Wyoming and Idaho. Some trophy zones have Yellowstone Park at both its north and south boundaries. Then take a look at the rest of the state…not one trophy unit in it. It is all designated along Yellowstone and Teton’s border. This speaks volumes of the intent to take as many park wolves as they can. Are you ready to allow that to happen? There is a way to stop this. Take your power back that these states have stripped you of and let’s get these beloved wolves back to protection & safety. Now is the time to do it. Now is why the wolves desperately need you.

Policy States that Federal Resources are protected as well. Park Policy states that “OUR” sacred resources be protected. Wolves are considered one of our sacred resources. Federal Policy also states our resources are protected not only on but off Reservations

How many more Yellowstone Wolves will need to needlessly die before you say “no more!” Let’s get this done…Now! Our Sacred Resource Protection Zone helping keep park wolves safe is beyond needed. We asked for your support in May when we began to petition states surrounding the national parks. Wolves are now crying out for your help by needlessly being slaughtered now

Help us help park wolves here: https://continuetogive.com/protectthewolves

With your support, we can be successful in putting an End to this Needless Slaughter!! Thank you for Joining The Howl that will be heard around the world!

Remember: All of our staff including directors are volunteers; we do not pay $ 400,000 per year in director’s or staff salaries…

http://protectthewolves.com/montana-slaughters-another-pos…/ 

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail102.atl71.mcdlv.net); on behalf of Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Meet Mexican Gray Wolf Pup Max!
    So many wonderful things are happening at the Wolf Conservation Center and we are excited to share a little news with you all. We are so lucky and grateful to have a wonderful supporter and volunteer named Max Toscano (featured below with Ambassador wolf Atka in 2014). The teen from Darien, Connecticut has a passion for wolves that is unparalleled. Max has been a part of the WCC family since he was 12 years old!

While our three little Mexican gray wolf pups were recently assigned their alphanumeric “names,” two of them have yet to receive proper names. It seemed only natural that one of them would be named after Max. We introduce to you, little Max, one of our three feisty pups named in his honour!
Learn more about Max and her critically endangered kin here.

  1. USA: A Special Milestone for Red Wolves

Thirty years ago this month, a new chapter in wildlife conservation began with a wild homecoming unlike anything seen before. The first captive-bred red wolves were released to the wild!
The red wolf reintroduction was among the first instances of a species, considered extinct in the wild, being re-established from a captive population. In many ways, the red wolf program was the pilot program, serving as a model for subsequent canid reintroductions, particularly those of the Mexican gray wolf to the American Southwest and the gray wolf to the Yellowstone region.
In recognition of the anniversary, the Wolf Conservation Center will celebrate the red wolf with interesting red wolf facts, ways to take action, special events, giveaways and more! Follow the WCC on Facebook to take part!

  1. USA: Meet Mexican Gray Wolf Pup Jean

Jean is one of the three critically endangered Mexican gray wolf pups born on May 22, 2017. Beyond being cute, this little kiddo represents the Wolf Conservation Center‘s active participation in an effort to save a species on the brink of extinction.
While our three little wolf pups were assigned their alphanumeric “names” last month, the sisters deserve proper names too! First, you met Nita. Max was next. Now we are happy to introduce you to Jean!
We are so lucky and grateful to have so many wonderful friends and supporters. Jean Ossorio has been a vital member of the WCC pack some time. For those who have met Jean, it’s no secret that she is committed to Mexican gray wolf recovery. Not only has Jean been a tireless advocate for the protection and preservation of the lobo for decades, she has spent more time than anyone camping in Mexican wolf country, hoping for a glimpse, sound, or other sign of these rare and elusive animals.
Jean is courage, compassion, brilliance, and grit in action; and her love for lobos goes unparalleled. It seems only natural that one of our three spirited Mexican gray wolf pups should be named after her.
So throw back your head and let out a long celebratory howl for little Jean!

From Endangered Species Coalition (action@endangered.org)

  1. USA: Wolves and public lands at risk

This week, Congress will vote on a disastrous bill that would kick Great Lakes wolves off of the endangered species list and allow states like Wisconsin to begin wolf hunting and trapping seasons immediately.

Fight attacks on the Endangered Species Act with a donation today.

This bill – the Sportsmen’s Act – is one of more than two dozen bills in this Congress that take aim at the Endangered Species Act. Wolves are the most immediate victims of this senseless legislation, but they are not the only species that will suffer. By redefining “hunting” to include trapping, it forces lands managers to permit the use of traps and snares on Bureau of Land Management and Forest Service lands that are now closed to this outdated and cruel practice. Wolverines, lynx, even bald eagles are just three of the species put at risk by traps and snares that would be allowed on millions more acres of public lands.

Also included in the Sportsmen’s Act is a provision that would block efforts to phase out lead fishing equipment and ammunition in national parks and on other public lands. This action alone will sentence millions of birds annually to slow and painful death by lead poisoning. And this is just one bill of dozens that this Congress is considering.

Help stop Congress from abandoning wolves and gutting the Endangered Species Act with a 100% tax-deductible donation today.

The Endangered Species Act has helped recover vanishing species for nearly half a century, but this Congress intends to bring it to an end. The Endangered Species Coalition is fighting the Sportsmen’s Act and dozens of others like it with every resource we have. Please make a secure and tax-deductible donation today to help keep wolves protected and stop the Endangered Species Act from going extinct in this Congress:

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

Other News

From Change.org (change@mail.change.org) (translated here from German)

  1. USA: Petition update: Boycott Under Armour for Promoting the Slaughter of Wildlife! Under Armour-Ad encouraging Kids to Kill Animals!

Under Armour’s Back-To-School Ad: “Back to school season isn’t so bad when you have this to look forward to”.
This Ad targets the US market specifically. And it is designed to help ensure that the new generation follows in the footsteps of the older one, killing wild animals for sport.
“The greatness of a nation can be judged by the way its animals are treated.”
– Ghandi

National

From SanWild Wildlife Trust (lizel@sanwild.org)

Water crisis at SanWild

We have been faced with a severe and on-going drought since May 2015 and during the last two years we have put up a brave battle with the help of so many wonderful people to fight the odds stacked against our animals to ensure that they are provided with enough food and water to survive the drought.

This year we could fortunately plan ahead and it has not been necessary for us to spend the same amount of money on providing drought relief food as the previous financial year.  Grazing has been okay right up to August and we only resumed providing drought relief in September.  For now we are okay as far as food is concerned and we trust that the rains will come early this year.

Unfortunately we are now faced with yet another crisis after not just one but two of our existing boreholes have dried up.  For the past three months we anticipated that it may happen as the water levels dropped.  We continued to lower pumps, but now the water supply has reduced to a couple of litres per day and we can no longer pump water from the two boreholes which means we urgently need to make other plans to continue to provide water to the SanWild animals.

It is a known fact that underground water levels can take as long as 3-4 years to fully recover after prolonged droughts so even if the rains do come early; it will not solve our problems straight away and we will have to make alternative plans to provide water.

Fortunately we still do have one strong borehole, but this one is situated on the one end of the reserve and it is necessary to lay down a pipeline to get water to the watering points that were fed from the two boreholes that dried up.

Unfortunately we are always stretched for cash and have not been able to build up a savings to accommodate unexpected crisis.  When disaster strikes; we and the animals we care for are left at the mercy of kind-hearted animal loving people.

To save costs and not to waste any money drilling for water where there may not be any, we have ordered PVC plastic piping and already have a hired backackter on site to dig a trench for the pipeline to be put down.  The pipes and machine hire will cost us in the region of approximately Seven thousand five hundred US dollars ($7500) and we need your help to urgently raise this amount.

The pipes will be ready for delivery by the end of this week, but delivery will not happen until we have the funding to pay for the pipes.

Please do consider our animals’ welfare and make a donation if you can. We will be extremely grateful for your support.

For your convenience you can either donate with PayPal or by means of an EFT.

Please note that SanWild is a registered non-profit and public benefit organization and therefore all donations made to us are fully tax-deductible.

The SanWild Wildlife Trust would like to thank you for your financial support as well as sharing our appeals with family and friends. We really do appreciate this greatly.

Next Door

Nothing to report

International

Nothing to report

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Wolves in Germany: Germans divided over the return of the wolf

Wolves have been making a comeback, with a few dozen packs already roaming Germany’s forests. But the return of a predator feared since ancient times has the human population fiercely divided.

Holger Benning visits his flocks of sheep at least once a day. He checks the electric fences are working and brings food for his 17 guard dogs. Both are there to protect his livestock from wolves.

The predators returned to Lüneburg Heath in Lower Saxony, between Hannover and Hamburg, 10 years ago.

“Wolves do kill sheep, goats or other farm animals around here from time to time,” Benning tells DW. But he’s convinced that with the right precautions, the risk “is very small.”

So far, Benning hasn’t lost a single sheep.

But not everyone has been so lucky. Wolves have killed more than 600 farm animals in the region – mainly sheep, but also cows and farm deer.

Making a comeback

Wild wolves were eradicated from Germany at the end of the 19th century. But in the late 20th century, conservation efforts saw populations in neighboring Poland expand, and gradually move west in search of new territory.

By 2000 they had crossed the border and the first wild wolf pups for more than a century were born in Germany. From the eastern states of Saxony and Brandenburg, they pushed on into other parts of the country’s north, and even the outskirts of Berlin.

By the end of 2016, at least 47 packs and 21 pairs were officially documented in Germany’s woodlands, about 130 adult wolves in total, according to the German wolf documentation and consultation office (DBBW): https://www.dbb-wolf.de/Wolfsvorkommen/territorien/karte-der-territorien

Lüneburg Heath has nine packs, comprising around 80 animals, including pups.

“A few years ago, they said the likelihood of encountering a wolf was like winning the lottery,” Benning says. “That means I have already won the lottery five times.”

And even when the wolves themselves stay hidden, the shepherd often finds their traces – tracks and scat – around his sheep pastures. “They are definitely around,” he says.

Good neighbours?

Nature lovers and conservation societies like the German Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union (NABU) are thrilled Germany’s wolves have bounced back from extinction.

“It is one of the biggest successes from a nature conservation point of view,” according to NABU.

Yet even NABU admits their return is controversial.

“Wolves belong here and I think it is a good thing that they are back,” says NABU’s Peter Schütte. “But I know that it can cause problems in such densely populated areas like we have in Germany.”

Schütte heads a NABU project to help farmers protect their herds, for example by erecting fences: http://www.herdenschutz-niedersachsen.de/

“There are solutions to make coexistence between humans and wolves possible,” he says.

However, dogs and fences mean extra work for the farmers – and cost money.

Public support is available to help farmers protect their livestock, as is compensation when a farm animal is killed by wolves. But Benning says he is still out of pocket.

“I have to put up with an income loss of 20,000 Euros ($22,800) each year,” he says. “I cannot make my lamb more expensive or the customers will go to the next supermarket and buy New Zealand lamb which is already cheaper than what we can produce.”

‘It’s getting out of hand’

Wolves are strictly protected under German law. But there are plenty of people in Lüneburg Heath who think it’s time to start shooting them.

Sonja Christiansen, a horse breeder, says culling wolves when they become too numerous should be permitted.

“I think it is too dangerous to have wolves around,” she says. “It’s getting out of hand. It started with two wolves, now nobody even knows exactly how many we have.”

Christiansen is afraid the wolves could kill her foals or stud – or just frighten the animals so they bolt and hurt themselves.

“Wolves do not fit into our civilization any longer,” she said, adding that her fear of wolves means she no longer enjoys walking in the countryside.

Sheds instead of pasture

Cattle farmer Hendrik Meine also believes hunters should be allowed to keep wolf numbers down.

“There is nothing to be said against a few wolves in the area,” he told DW, “but not in huge numbers. We are too densely populated for that.”

Meine says he knows of cattle farmers whose calves, and even adult animals, have been killed by wolves, and now keep the animals inside.

“Keeping animals outside on pastures won’t be possible in the future if wolves continue to thrive in this area,” Meine says.

With NABU’s support, Meine is about to erect a 1.5-meter wolf-proof electric fence around his pasture. “I just hope that this will help,” he says.

Population divided

To protect the wolves or kill them? It’s a question that divides the region, and has even become a hot topic in regional election campaigns.

Some people now light warning fires whenever they spot a wolf to raise awareness of what they see as a lurking danger.

NABU’s Schütte says historic fears mean people can be irrational about wolves.

“In the Middle Ages, wolves were a danger for our ancestors who owned maybe only one cow or one goat,” he explains. “When that animal got killed, a family lost their livelihood. It’s not like that anymore today. But the idea that this is a big dangerous predator still remains.”

Here to stay

Hannelore Martin is a horse breeder and head of NABU’s “horse and wolf” research team. She says she also worried for her horses when she first heard that wolves were back. But she did a bit of research and realized how rare it is for wolves to kill foals.

Now, she’s committed to “reducing the hysteria.”

Shooting wolves, Martin says, wouldn’t help anyway: “New ones would just come in from Eastern Europe. This migration is a permanent process.”

And killing off individual wolves could actually make the rest of a pack more dangerous by disrupting their natural hunting patterns.

“It could screw up the animals’ social structure,” Martin says.

Martin and Schütte believe the better the human population is informed about their lupine neighbors, the better the chances of peaceful coexistence.

Because even as debate over wolves’ place in Lüneburg Heath rages, the wolves seem to have made up their own minds: They’re here to stay.

Original article: http://www.dw.com/en/germans-divided-over-return-of-the-wolves/a-39538431

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 143

A Russian Wolf Fable

Ankakumikaityn, the Nomad Wolf – A Siberian Tale

One summer, the fox heard that Ankakumikaityn, the nomad wolf, was courting his neighbour, the elder she-dog. So the wily fox made himself an outfit of wolf’s clothing: a grey fur cloak, boots and cap. Then, when the she-dog’s brothers were away and she was at home with her younger sister, he called upon her.

“I have two herds of fat reindeer,” said the fox to the elder sister, as he sipped the bilberry tea she offered him. “I have come to seek your hand.”

Thinking that this was, indeed, Ankakumikaityn the nomad wolf, the she-dog treated him to reindeer meat, hot mare’s-blood sausages, raw walrus liver and pickled fish, the very choicest pieces. All the while, the fox sat in his cap, unwilling to take it off lest he be recognized.

“Being a wealthy person,” he explained, “I keep my cap on that people might respect me. “All of a sudden, the sound of dogs barking could be heard from afar. “It is my brothers returning from hunting,” the she-dog said. “Oh dear,” exclaimed the fox, “they will likely scare my herds. I must run to caution them.”

Once away from the tent, the fox quickly dashed up the nearby hill and loosened some rocks. When the dog brothers came in sight, he pushed the boulders down the hillside and crushed them all. Thereupon, he returned to the tent and finished his tea, charming the sisters with his oily-tongued tales. As dusk fell and the sisters were busy about their housework, he made off with all their food supplies.

Early next morning, the sisters became most alarmed on discovering their supplies gone and their brothers still absent. As they searched the valley and found their poor brothers dead, they wept in despair.

“Who could have done us such harm?” they wailed. In their sorrow, they decided to go to Ankakumikaityn to seek his counsel. The nomad wolf was puzzled. “But I never came to you yesterday!” he exclaimed.

It was not long before the sisters realized they had been tricked by the fox. With the wolf’s help, they worked out a plan to get their revenge.

Next day, the fox, unaware that he had been discovered called on the sisters again dressed as Ankakumikaityn. But this time they were expecting him. While the fox drank bilberry tea and exchanged pleasantries, the nomad wolf stealthily entered the tent, grabbed the treacherous fox and tied him up.

“What shall we do with the scoundrel?” asked the wolf. “Let’s put him in a sack and leave him in the tundra,” suggested the two sisters. That they did. The poor fox almost fainted from fright, wondering what his fate would be. At last, he was set down with a bump; the younger sister collected a heap of dry grass and brushwood for a fire, piled it round the sack, surrounded the tinder with stones and then lit the fire. Poor fox. He at last burst out of the burning sack, his wolf’s clothing aflame, and rushed headlong over the tundra like a burning torch. Satisfied at their revenge, the dog sisters and the wolf returned to the tent.

Ankakumikaityn wed the elder sister, and the younger dog looked after their children. Some time later, she found herself a husband too. Since that time red foxes began to appear in the tundra. So it seems that wily old fox, scorched and fiery red, managed to survive his roasting after all.

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

Nothing much has happened lately. Summer is on its way, the days are nice and warm and the nights are also much warmer now. The only problem we have in the moment is that our three have rediscovered their taste for pigeons. Every now and then the birds find their way into the greenhouse; I guess they just walk in through the gaps between the wooden planks of the door or through the greenhouse foil flaps and then cannot find their way back out. The kids then hear them flying around inside and because they cannot squeeze through the gate they have managed to pull the surrounding fence up and slip in under it. Then will they chase the poor bird around until it gets so tired that it has to take a break on one of the plant benches, and that’s when they will get it. In the very few cases when Ted or I heard what was going on, we stepped in and opened the flaps and gate for the bird to escape, but in most instances we will only realize what has happened when we find lots of feathers on the lawn. We have tried to fix the fence to stop them from killing the poor birds, but when we have closed one gap we will typically find a new one a day or two later. This reminds me of the time when Kia had that thing about plastic flowerpots and broke into the greenhouse again and again to get to them. Even after I had removed all pots and placed them in some other place she didn’t stop, until Ted built the wooden door and put a fence around the whole greenhouse. This time it’s not the pots but the pigeons, but the problem is the same – how do you secure the greenhouse properly to keep both, the birds and the furry kids out? Besides of the fact that we don’t like them killing the birds (they get enough food and could happily live without supplementing it with feathery creatures), chasing their prey around inside the house also causes a lot of damage to the plants in there. Focused on getting to the bird they don’t care how many plants will fall off the benches and have to be repotted by me after the chase is over. Well, I guess we have to come up with a plan (once more). Otherwise everything is hunky-dory.

Will be continued…

Volume 12, Issue 155, September 2017

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 12, Issue 155, September 2017

From the Editor’s Desk

Winter on the Highveld ended with a bang just as it did when it began. One day it was a lousy 13 Celsius with an icy wind, and a mere three days later it was 31 with a sandstorm of note. I definitely preferred the latter, though.

This month’s news section is, like always I’m afraid, dominated by scandalous politics, this time not only in the US, but also in parts of Germany and in Switzerland. Read the snippets for yourself to stay informed.

That managing wolves requires managing cattle is a fact illuminated by Rick Lamplugh, and we are grateful for his permission to reprint his insights here. By the way, his books are absolutely worth reading, too!

We have a poem this time that can only be characterized as being ”black and bleak”. Unfortunately, that’s the way it is with humans.

Erin had nothing new to report, but will surely be back when there is.

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

Say Yes to New Adventures!

International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs

Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center

Wake Up With Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center’s popular nocturnal adventure experience, gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 25 wolves that call the center home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!

Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and Registration here.

News from the Wolf Front

National

Nothing to report

International

From Change.org (change@mail.change.org) (translated here from German)

Germany: Petition update: Saxony again – Please fight for the Rosenthal Pack

Dear supporters,

Unfortunately, I have more bad news from Saxony. The District Administrator of Bautzen, Michael Harig, has again launched an application for the shooting of the Rosenthal pack. Quoting Harig: “I have ordered the department in charge to prepare an appropriate exception permit.”

Read the full article here.

The reason for that is that, like last year, sheep have been apparently killed in Cunnewitz. Last year Harig’s application was rejected, because we took photos of the fences that proved that the sheep had not been properly protected. Today the same shepherd claims that his sheep were being killed and the same District Administrator again demands the shooting of the entire wolf pack.

Read the full report and please sign the petition here.

  1. USA: Oregon: Petition update: Prominent Scientists Call America’s Wolf Slaughter Unjustified and Unethical

EUGENE, OR – A new documentary by the wildlife advocacy group Predator Defense has people across the country fuming at an irresponsible rancher in Washington State who set up a pack of wolves living on public land in a remote forest to attack his cattle. People are also outraged at how state wildlife officials and major conservation organizations were party to the killing of the wolf pack…

Read the full update here.

3. Germany: Petition update: The Madness in Lower Saxony (translated here from German)

I previously reported that the so-called wolf conservationist and hunter Wotschikowsky compared the Cuxhaven wolf pack with the holocaust and, using Nazi diction – he sees the “final solution” for the animals there within the given possibilities.

Based on that I have received some letters, some not as friendly as others, some insulting, claiming that Wotschikowsky never wrote this. The truth is that he has deleted the term from his blog shortly after my update here. Although he views us as a useless organisation (see his earlier blog entry), he reacted promptly. His Nazi speech had been online since 9 August, but nobody cared; strange, isn’t it?

Of course, we took a screen shot of his blog entry before he could delete it, so you can read it for yourself here: www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de.

But it’s not just the Nazi language: Wotschikowsky takes into consideration killing a whole wolf pack, although there is still no proof that wolves have been responsible for the cattle-killing in Cuxhaven. He did behave in the very same manner last year when the young wolf Kurti was killed – guilty until proven otherwise; he doesn’t need any evidence.

Not a word about the condition of the fences in the Cuxhaven District.

Here is a list of predation instances; almost all incidents are still unresolved: https://www.wolfsmonitoring.com/monitoring/nutztierrisse/ 

And there is another case: the Celle newspaper published a report claiming that 20 German Heath Sheep have apparently been killed by wolves. Here it’s also uncertain whether this was done by wolves. DNA samples taken have not yet been analyzed, but the owner of the animals, Tewes, and the wolf consultant, who is also a hunter, are already sure about it.

The sheep farmer runs an organic farm – shouldn’t one expect an entirely different attitude towards nature from such people?

The Celle newspaper reports that the German Heath Sheep breeders have filed an application to have the wolf removed, and Tewes also points out that there would be a pack of 13 wolves living there.

Killing without real evidence? Please read about the case Kurti here: www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de 

Last but not least I want to ask you for your support: our organisation, Verein Wolfsschutz Deutschland in Pro Nature Conservation Saxony, does not receive government funding. We depend on donations, and there is a good chance that we will have to take two incidences to court, regarding the pack in Cuxhaven and the one in Schmarbeck.

Here are our bank details:

Erzgebirgssparkasse
IBAN DE78 8705 4000 0725 0179 88
BIC WELADED1STB

And I have to ask another favour: change.org is a non-profit organization. Its staff supports people who want to start a petition with all they can; please also support them with donations.

Brigitte Sommer
Germany

  1. Germany: Petition update: Protect the Goldstedt she wolf and her two cubs from being illegally shot! (translated here from German)

Hello dear supporters and wolf lovers of the petition With the human!-For the wolf!

The photo by Jens Feeken (a dedicated supporter and wolf activist from Diepholz) shows the two surviving cups of the Goldstedt she-wolf. In contrast to the official data published by the LJN, that states four cubs, we can presently only confirm two still being alive.

Read the full report here.

  1. Switzerland: Please, help the wolves in Switzerland (translated here from German)

Hello dear supporters.

It is outrageous – not only are permits for the “legal” shooting of wolves issued all the time, now there are even plans to reduce their protection status, although there are as few as less than 40 wolves living in Switzerland! This is an unsustainable practice! It can only be hoped that the outdated way of thinking that killing predators to protect livestock will have an reducing effect on tourism.

Please sign the petition here.

Read the full report here

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

  1. Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – July 1-31, 2017

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf.

Past updates may be viewed on either website, or interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically or by visiting www.azgfd.com and clicking the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf telemetry flight location information please visit www.bit.do/mexicanwolf or www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/RWL.cfm.

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

The Fish and Wildlife Service published the draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan, First Revision for public review and comment and for peer review on June 30, 2017. The public comment period closes August 29, 2017. Comments must be submitted in writing by either of the following methods:

Electronically: Go to www.regulations.gov  and enter FWS-R2-ES-2017-0036

Or

Hard copy: Submit by US mail or hand-delivery to: Public Comments Processing, Attn: FWS-R2-ES-2017-0036, US Fish and Wildlife Service, MS: BPHC, 5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041-3803.

The Fish and Wildlife Service has also made available the Draft Biological Report and two supporting analyses – “Population Viability Analysis for the Mexican Wolf” and “Mexican Wolf Habitat Suitability Analysis in Historical Range in Southwestern US and Mexico,” to the public as supplemental background information during the public comment period. These documents, as well as the draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan, First Revision are available at: www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/MWRP.cfm

The Fish and Wildlife Service held four public information meetings on the Draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan, First Revisions. The public information meetings were held July 18 in Flagstaff, AZ; July 19 at the Hon-Dah Resort, AZ; July 20 in Truth or Consequences, NM; and July 22 in Albuquerque, NM. All four meetings were well attended and provided the opportunity to ask questions about the draft recovery plan and the science that supports it.

On July 13 and 14, the Mexican Wolf Species Survival Plan held its annual binational planning meeting in Cananea, Sonora, Mexico. Discussions involved recommendations for captive breeding and transfers of Mexican wolves in 2017 and 2018, as well as research needs and results.

July 27, AGFD and USFWS personnel conducted presentations at the Arizona Cattlemen’s Association Annual meeting in Prescott, AZ about IFT activities and the Draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) indicate wolves younger than 24 months or pups. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year. This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

During annual year-end population counts, the IFT documented a minimum of 113 Mexican wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico at the end of 2016. At the end of July, there were 57 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

Wolves with functioning radio collars are listed by studbook number in the pack updates below.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338 and AF1335)

In July, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the SCAR and in the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF). They have displayed localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing and use of rendezvous sites. A minimum of three pups were documented with the Bear Wallow Pack in July; however this number is subject to change as the IFT continues to document observations of this pack.

Bluestem Pack (collared F1489 and f1563)

In July, the Bluestem Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. Male 1574 showed dispersal behaviour and was documented travelling with the Panther Creek Pack. The IFT documented AF1042, AM1341, F1489, and f1563 showing localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing in July. The IFT conducted prey carcass investigations as part of a kill rate study of the Bluestem Pack during the month of July.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, m1471, m1474, and f1473)

In July, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF. The pack displayed localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of July.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In July, F1443 and m1447 were documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico. They displayed localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing in July. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache during July for this pack to reduce potential for livestock depredations.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038)

In July, the Hawks Nest Pack consisted of one collared wolf, AM1038. AM1038 was located travelling alone in the traditional territory of the Diamond Pack in the northern portion of the ASNF.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, and f1550)

In July, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the ASNF. The IFT confirmed pups with the Hoodoo Pack in July and continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing. The IFT conducted prey carcass investigations as part of a kill rate study of the Hoodoo Pack during the month of July.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In July, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In July, the Panther Creek Pack was located in the east central portion of the ASNF. The breeding pair continued to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing. The IFT maintained a food cache for this pack to reduce potential for livestock depredations and to supplement cross-fostered pups.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488)

In July, F1488 and an unknown collared wolf continued to travel together within a territory in the east-central portion of the ASNF.

Saffel Pack (collared AF1567)

In July, the Saffel Pack was located in the north central portion of the ASNF, north of the traditional territory of the Hoodoo Pack. The IFT confirmed pups with the Saffel Pack in July and continued to observe behaviour consistent with pup rearing. A diversionary food cache was maintained by the IFT for this pack in effort to avoid conflict with cattle in the area.

Single collared m1483

Male 1483 made wide dispersal movements in the northern portion of the ASNF in Arizona during July.

Single collared f1484

Female 1484 was documented travelling alone in Arizona at the southern edge of Panther Creek’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF during July.

Single collared f1562

Female 1562 made wide dispersal movements to the northeast of Bluestem’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF during July.

ON THE FAIR:

Diamond Pack (collared f1557, m1559, f1560, m1571, and m1572)

In July, the Diamond Pack was located in their traditional territory on the FAIR and in the northern portion of the ASNF. The IFT initiated and maintained a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for the Diamond Pack to reduce potential for further wolf-livestock conflict.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343 and AF1283)

In July, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, and m1556)

During July, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF). The IFT confirmed pups with the Iron Creek Pack in May and continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during July.

Lava Pack (collared F1405 and AM1285)

During July, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south eastern portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts. The Lava Pack continued to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During July, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness. The IFT continued to monitor the pack for pup rearing behaviour in July.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158 and AF1487)

During July, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the Gila National Forest. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce potential for livestock depredations. The Luna Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with pup rearing.

Mangas Pack (collared M1296 and F1439)

During July, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north western portion of the GNF. The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts. The Mangas Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with pup rearing.

Dark Canyon (collared F1444 and M1386)

During July, F1444 and M1386 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF. Although the Dark Canyon Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning in late April, the IFT does not believe the pack is currently maintaining a den.

Copper Creek (collared F1456 and M1354)

During July, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF. Although the Copper Creek Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning in early May, the IFT does not believe the pack is currently maintaining a den.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, M1398, and f1565)

During July, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT confirmed pups with the Prieto Pack in July and continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing. A diversionary food cache was established in May to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts and was utilized by the Prieto Pack in July.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399)

During July, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a supplemental food cache to assist the pack’s care for the genetically diverse litter of pups. The San Mateo Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with denning. Field observations documented two adults and a minimum of two pups during the month of July; however, there may be additional pups and uncollared wolves associated with this pack.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284 and F1553)

During July, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT confirmed pups with the SBP pack in May and observed the pack continued to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of July. The IFT established a diversionary food cache in June to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts. The food cache was utilized by the SBP pack during the month of July.

Single collared AM1155

During July, AM1155 was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single collared M1455

During July, M1455 travelled throughout east-central portions of the GNF and central portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared M1552

During July, M1552 travelled throughout central portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared m1569

During July, m1569 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared m1486

During July, m1486 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the CNF.

MORTALITIES

There were no mortalities documented during the month of July.

INCIDENTS

During the month of July, there were 3 confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock and no nuisance reports.

On July 4, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a probable wolf kill.

On July 4, Wildlife Services investigated four dead horses in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the horses been killed by lightning.

On July 5, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the cow died from an unknown cause, but was not killed by wolves.

On July 5, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by coyotes.

On July 11, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the cow was a probable wolf kill.

On July 14, Wildlife Services investigated three dead calves in Apache County, AZ. The investigations determined all three calves were killed by wolves. Two of the calves were killed during a single depredation incident.

On July 24, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the bull was a confirmed wolf.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On July 14, the IFT conducted an education and outreach presentation to a group of tribal high school students from New Mexico.

On July 20, the IFT gave an education and outreach presentation to a group from the Arizona Conservation Corps.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

In July, Maya Stahl concluded her internship with the AGFD. Thank you Maya for your hard work and contribution to wolf recovery efforts!

  1. Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – August 1-31, 2017

The Fish and Wildlife Service met with the Mexican Wolf Tribal Working Group in Albuquerque, NM on August 16 to discuss the draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan.

The Mexican Wolf Recovery Program and the Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program met with the Natural Resource Conservation Service on August 17 to discuss conservation programs for the Mexican wolf.

The Fish and Wildlife Service met with Mexican wolf partner agencies in Springerville, AZ on August 22 to discuss the draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan Implementation Strategy.

The Fish and Wildlife Service held a conference call with Mexico’s National Commission of Natural Protected Areas (CONANP by its Spanish acronym) on August 28 to discuss the Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan Implementation Strategy.

The public comment period for the draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan closed August 29.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

During annual year-end population counts, the IFT documented a minimum of 113 Mexican wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico at the end of 2016. At the end of August, there were 60 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

Wolves with functioning radio collars are listed by studbook number in the pack updates below.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338 and AF1335)

In August, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the SCAR and in the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF). The pack displayed localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing and use of rendezvous sites. A minimum of three pups were documented with the Bear Wallow Pack in August; however this number may change as the IFT continues to document observations of this pack.

Bluestem Pack (collared F1489, f1563 and fp1665)

In August, the Bluestem Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. The pack continued to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing. The IFT documented a minimum of four pups with use of remote camera during the month of August. A female pup, fp1665 was captured, collared and released and continued to travel with the pack.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, m1471, m1474, and f1473)

In August, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF.  The pack continued to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of August.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In August, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico. The pack continued to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing in August.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038)

In August, the Hawks Nest Pack consisted of one collared wolf, AM1038.  AM1038 was located travelling alone in the traditional territory of the Diamond Pack in the northern and central portions of the ASNF.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, f1550 and f1663)

In August, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF. The IFT continued to observe localized behavior consistent with pup rearing. A yearling female, f1663, in the Hoodoo pack was captured, collared and released in August.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In August, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In August, the Panther Creek Pack was located in the east central portion of the ASNF. The breeding pair continued to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing. A minimum of three pups were documented with the Panther Creek Pack during the month of August. The IFT maintained a food cache for this pack to reduce potential for livestock depredations and with the goal of increasing survival of genetically valuable pups that the IFT cross-fostered into the Panther Creek Pack in May.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488)

In August, F1488 and an unknown collared wolf continued to travel together within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.

Saffel Pack (collared AF1567 and mp1661)

In August, the Saffel Pack was located in the north eastern portion of the ASNF, north of the traditional territory of the Hoodoo Pack. The IFT confirmed a minimum of four pups with the Saffel Pack in August and continued to observe behaviour consistent with pup rearing. A male pup, mp1661, was captured, collared and released in August. A diversionary food cache was maintained by the IFT for this pack in an effort to avoid conflict with cattle in the area.

Single collared m1483

Male 1483 made wide dispersal movements in the north eastern portion of the ASNF in Arizona during August.

Single collared f1484

Female 1484 was documented travelling alone in Arizona at the southern edge of Panther Creek’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF during August.

Single collared f1562

Female 1562 remained outside of the Bluestem Pack’s traditional territory in the central portion of the ASNF during August.

ON THE FAIR:

Diamond Pack (collared m1559, f1560, m1571, and m1572)

In August, the Diamond Pack was located in their traditional territory on the FAIR and in the central portion of the ASNF.  F1557 was lethally removed by Wildlife Services due to repetitive confirmed depredations on livestock. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for the Diamond Pack to reduce potential for further wolf-livestock conflict.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343 and AF1283)

In August, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, and m1556)

During August, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF). The IFT confirmed pups with the Iron Creek Pack in May and continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during August.

Lava Pack (collared F1405 and AM1285)

During August, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south eastern portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During August, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness. The IFT continued to monitor the pack for pup rearing behaviour in August.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158 and AF1487)

During August, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT captured, collared and released female pup, fp1662, in the Luna Pack. Near the end of the month, fp1662 slipped the collar it was wearing. The animal is alive and still travelling with the pack. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce potential for livestock depredations.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439 and fp1664)

During August, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north western portion of the GNF. The Mangas Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with pup rearing. The IFT captured, re-collared and released AF1439. The IFT also captured, collared and released a female pup, fp1664, with the Mangas Pack. The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts.

Copper Creek (collared F1444 and M1386)

During August, F1444 and M1386 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF.

Dark Canyon (collared F1456 and M1354)

During August, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, M1398 and f1565)

During August, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT confirmed pups with the Prieto Pack in July and continued to observe localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing in August. A diversionary food cache was established in May to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts and was utilized by the Prieto Pack in August.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399)

During August, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a supplemental food cache with the goal of increasing survival of the genetically diverse litter of pups.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284 and F1553)

During August, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT confirmed pups with the SBP Pack in May and observed the pack continue to display localized behaviour consistent with pup rearing during the month of August. The IFT established a diversionary food cache in June to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts. The food cache was utilized by the SBP Pack during the month of August.

Single collared AM1155

During August, AM1155 was documented travelling within the GNF in New Mexico.

Single collared M1455

During August, M1455 travelled throughout east-central portions of the GNF and central portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared M1552

During August, M1552 travelled throughout central portions of the CNF.

Single collared m1569

During August, m1569 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared m1486

During August, m1486 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the CNF.

MORTALITIES

In August, F1557 of the Diamond Pack was lethally removed by Wildlife Services due to repetitive confirmed depredations on livestock.

INCIDENTS

During the month of August, there were four confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock and one nuisance report.

On August 2, Wildlife Services investigated two dead calves and a dead cow in Apache County, AZ. The investigations determined one calf had been killed by wolves, the second calf was a probable wolf kill during an earlier incident and the cow had died from ingesting twine.

On August 3, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by wolves.

On August 8, the IFT received a call from a hiker that described an encounter they had with a wolf pack on August 1, while hiking in the ASNF. GPS collar data was used by the IFT to determine the encounter reported by the hiker was with the Saffel Pack which consists of two adult wolves and their pups from this year. The hiker told the IFT they were hiking on the Apache Trail southeast of Mexican Hay Lake on August 1 at approximately 12 noon, when they noticed a collared adult wolf standing approximately 15 feet away. The hiker stopped and looked at the wolf at which point the wolf ran to about 60 feet and then stopped. The hiker stated they observed a second collared adult wolf approximately 20 to 30 yards away and three uncollared pups approximately 50 to 60 yards away. The hiker yelled at the wolves and they did not run off. The closest wolf, which was apparent to the hiker as a male, defecated and then started jumping up and down on its front feet. The hiker fired a shot from a handgun into the ground to scare the wolves away. The closest wolf jumped at the sound of the gunshot but remained. The hiker began walking again and the closest wolf retreated to about 50 yards. The wolves then moved off into the woods to a distance of approximately 100 yards. The hiker stated that the two adult wolves paralleled the hiker and followed along the trail for a distance of about 400 yards. The hiker stated the pups were only visible intermittently at a distance during this time. GPS collar data from the Saffel Pack showed in the days following the hiker’s encounter, the Saffel Pack had moved out of the location where the encounter had occurred and by the day the IFT received the report, the Saffel Pack had begun travelling in another area to the east.

The IFT concluded the encounter the hiker had with the Saffel Pack was a result of the hiker walking into a rendezvous site where the alpha wolves exhibited behaviours to protect the pups present. At the time of the incident, the wolf pups in the Saffel Pack would have been four months old. The behaviour of the adult male jumping up and down on its front feet is often observed of Mexican wolves in captive breeding facilities with young pups in response to human presence. Wolves vocalizing and following a perceived threat out of an area is a common territorial behaviour exhibited by wolves. At the time this report was prepared, there have been no further nuisance reports on the Saffel Pack.

The public is encouraged to report all wolf interactions to the IFT using the contact information provided at the beginning of this document. Any person may take (which includes killing as well as nonlethal actions such as harassing or harming) a Mexican wolf in self-defence or defence of the lives of others. Any form of take must be reported within 24 hours to the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service by telephone 505-346-2525; or fax 505-346-2542.

On August 9, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by a wolf.

On August 14, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by a wolf.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On August 24, the USFWS attended the New Mexico State Game Commission meeting where the draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan was discussed.

On August 29, the USFS attended a Coronado National Forest Permittee meeting in Sonoita, AZ and provided a wolf program update.

On August 29, the USFWS met with the Western Landowners Alliance in Albuquerque, NM to discuss conservation programs.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

In August, Erika Sertyl started a volunteer position with the USFWS. Welcome to the program Erika!

In August, McKenna Zandarski concluded a summer internship on the IFT with the AGFD. Thank you McKenna for your hard work and commitment to Mexican wolf recovery efforts!

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at(505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

Other News

National

Nothing to report

Next Door

Nothing to report

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

USA: Congress is back… to their old dirty tricks

Congress is back in town and they’ve brought with them another round of deadly attacks on wildlife. They barely had time to unpack their suitcases before reigniting their anti-wildlife agenda with a slew of riders aimed at undermining the Endangered Species Act (ESA).

This week, the House is preparing to vote on a massive bill to fund the federal government, including the Department of the Interior, and some shameless representatives are using it as a tool to hurl attacks at the ESA.

URGENT: Tell your representative to oppose any anti-wildlife riders on this bill: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=rsuJ0f4PXvrICRRqKit8Yw

By loading anti-wildlife riders onto this “must pass” bill, they could succeed in removing ESA protections for individual species and undermining the role of science in wildlife conservation. The bill also includes a nearly 17 percent cut to the budget that protects new species under the ESA – a significant cut that will lead to delays in protections.

It is devious and downright dirty to use a necessary funding bill as a vehicle by which to throw wildlife under the bus. Help us send a clear message that we won’t stand for it!

Urge your representative to stand up for this critical law and the imperiled species that depend on it for their continued survival: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=sv2B8GDAinqu1aaB0n97yA

The ESA enjoys overwhelming public support and has been successful at keeping 99 percent of listed species from going extinct. It is the last line of defence for species on the brink of extinction.

YOU are the last line of defence for the ESA. Help protect it from conniving politicians intent on taking science out of conservation decisions and catering to the special interests that line their campaign coffers.

Don’t let anti-ESA lawmakers get away with these underhanded schemes to dismantle the ESA: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=kpHPkhrMbjl5Vky7bHir9A

The fate of threatened and endangered species should be left up to science – not politics.

Don’t let Congress turn its back on the wildlife you love.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Managing Wolves Requires Managing Cattle
by Rick Lamplugh, author and wildlife advocate

The recent slaughter of wolves by state officials in Washington and Oregon highlights a sad fact: cattle grazing on public lands is lethal for wolves. Washington has 1.1 million cattle, Oregon 1.3 million. About a third of each state is public land that many cattle run roughshod over. Those public lands are by necessity the home of each state’s minuscule wolf population. With so many cattle invading wolf territory, conflict happens.

Each state has a Wolf Management Plan. Each plan’s basic premise: wolves are the problem and must pay the price for cattle-wolf conflict.

Each state needs a Cattle Management Plan. The premise of the plan I propose: Killing wolves on public land is not acceptable; wolves have no where else to live. Instead, the livestock owner bears the burden for reducing conflict his animals cause while grazing on public land in wolf territory.

Just as wolves have several chances under current Wolf Management Plans, the owner would have several chances under the proposed Cattle Management Plan.

With the first cattle-wolf conflict on public land, the state’s Department of Fish and Wildlife would determine the non-lethal steps the owner must take to keep livestock separate from wolves. This analysis and compliance would happen quickly, let’s say within fourteen days.

With the second conflict, the owner’s herd would have to be moved away from the wolves they infringed upon. Let’s say a move of thirty miles within seven days.

With the third conflict, the owner’s privilege of grazing livestock on public land would be suspended for perhaps two years.

A Cattle Management Plan such as this should be operating in Washington, Oregon, and every other state with cattle causing conflict on public land. This plan puts the responsibility for reducing cattle-wolf conflict on the shoulders of the owner that benefits from the cost savings of grazing in wolf territory. And it saves the lives of many cattle and wolves.

I will send letters about this plan to elected officials in wolf states with lots of cattle and lots of public land. Perhaps some will find it of interest. If you know of a possibly receptive official in your wolf state, please send me the name via Facebook comment or private message.

Indie author Rick Lamplugh writes to protect wildlife and preserve wildlands. His new book, Deep into Yellowstone: A Year’s Immersion in Grandeur and Controversy, is available signed from Rick at http://bit.ly/2tIEt62, or unsigned on Amazon: http://amzn.to/2tgPU3E. His bestseller, In the Temple of Wolves, is available signed at http://bit.ly/1gYghB4, or unsigned on Amazon at http://amzn.to/Jpea9Q.

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 142

Men are Murderers
by Gypsy Yawgel

If only he knew
What was happening as the wind blew.

He left his den for less than an hour,
And decided to return home when the air turned sour.

He returned to only see death,
It was man he would bet.

There was bloodshed everywhere,
Why was man so unfair?

They never hunted humans,
So why do they hunt them?

We are not the vicious creatures man makes us up to be,
We only wish to live free.

Now his pack is dead,
They were the ones he had lead.

Oh why did I leave today? I should have listened to my instinct, I should have stayed,

There’s nothing left for me
If only they could see.

Everything I have cared about as been murdered on this day,
I wish I could see the man, who did this and say,

“Why do you come out of your way, just to slay?”

I wish so much I couldn’t I have been here
I would have made a difference; I would have fought with no fear.

So this is the way it ends,
It’s all over now, my family is gone,
I will wait for the break of dawn,

For one day man will come for me,
And I will no longer be able to run free.

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

Nothing to report

Will be continued…

Volume 12, Issue 154, August 2017

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 12, Issue 154, August 2017

From the Editor’s Desk

Here we go again, this time from an icy Highveld. Sorry for being a week late.

You will need particularly strong nerves to read through the News sections without blowing a gasket. Even I am running out of both suitable and printable words for adequately describing what’s going on in the Land of the Sick, for which reason I will not even try…

Following up on a news snippet in our April issue (#150), we have tracked down for you interesting background information on the wolves of Slovenia. It shows just how ridiculous their “wildlife management plans” are.

As usual we have a poem, and this time we selected a more light-hearted one, because this issue would otherwise have been all gloomy.

Erin puts forward a question that we are unable to find answers to. If you have one, or even if you have just a theory, drop us a mail. We will appreciate it!

Till next month,
Ed.

New Wolf Book!

A Houseful Headful of Wolves

The Story of two People sharing their Home and Lives with Wolves

A life stranger than fiction. And it all started when Ted and Erin decided to quit Germany and emigrate to South Africa just when the era of Apartheid came to end there. Animal lovers through and through, they eventually ended up sharing their home with a pack of wolves. If this alone were not strange enough, a teacher came into their lives and taught them Animal Communication. Ted took to this like a fish to water and with almost daily training over the years refined his skills to levels he never thought possible – and to dimensions very few people probably know exist.

Ted tells how everything evolved, sharing the joys and dramas of being part of a wolf pack in a domestic setting. He leaves no doubts, however, that this requires a lot of dedication, compromising, and a deep understanding of wolf mentality. He describes in detail the fundamental requirements for such a setup to work and why the “normal” person may be better advised to stick to a dog with wolfish looks rather than the real thing. He also takes a look at the difficult relationship between people and wolves throughout history, and discusses why Animal Communication is a skill everybody is born with, but most will unlearn later in life.

Told as they unfolded, his realizations have the potential of widely expanding the box humans are generally conditioned to think in – both with regard to the wolf as a physical being and as a spiritual entity of immense wisdom.

Ted Ehrhardt (pseudonym) is an author, ghost writer, editor and translator with more than 30 years of experience in various fields of biosciences, at home in the worlds of both scientific literature and fiction. Ted is German-born, but has been living in South Africa for more than 25 years, 17 of which in the company of a pack of wolves.

Available as paperback and E-book from all Amazon stores.

Upcoming Events

Say Yes to New Adventures!

International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs

Wolf Family Rendezvous

September 2-3

Add this fun, educational package into your family’s vacation plans. With plenty of family-focused activities and outdoor fun, your family will talk about this trip for years to come!
Learn more at http://www.wolf.org/programs/learning-adventures/wolf-family-rendezvous/

Wine, Women, and Wolves: Boundary Waters Adventure
September 15-17

Join us for a fun, relaxing weekend learning about wolves and the north woods while enjoying the company of women who have the same hectic routine as you!
Learn more here

Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center

Wake Up With Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center’s popular nocturnal adventure experience, gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 25 wolves that call the center home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!

Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and Registration here: http://nywolf.us8.list-manage.com/track/click?u=96aae4d71726eb91ae4d20fec&id=67702359b1&e=c4f881378d

August 17-18

Wolf Retreats with Sacred Warrior

Join Sacred Warrior founder, Vanessa Chakour, for a wild and powerful 2-day camping retreat at the WCC!

Participate in empowering meditation and movement workshops, herbal medicine making, and more! Space is limited!

News from the Wolf Front

National

Nothing to report

International

From Endangered Species Coalition (action@endangered.org)

  1. USA: Stop the Senate from allowing trophy hunting of wolves

Wolves in the Great Lakes region are facing one of their most serious threats to date. With states including Wisconsin preparing to allow the killing of as many as two-thirds of the wolves in its borders, a U.S. Senate committee has advanced a bill that would allow this and other attacks on endangered species.

Help stop the legislative delisting of gray wolves with a donation today.

The misleadingly-named Help for Wildlife Act (S. 1514) would remove ALL Endangered Species Act protections for wolves in four states, turning the management of these maligned animals over to these states. This is the most worrying legislative threat to these wolves this year due to its bipartisan support. Democratic Senators Klobuchar, Baldwin, and Cardin are supporting this dangerous legislation, making it much more likely to pass. It passed out of committee already and could be voted on as soon as senators return in September from their annual recess.

  1. 1514 would not only legislatively delist these wolves it would block the courts from reviewing this action. Just days ago, a federal court reaffirmed the need to protect these wolves when it ruled that the Department of Interior erred repeatedly in its attempt to strip them of protections. Excluding the courts from reviewing legislation is anti-democratic and threatens the future of the Endangered Species Act. Species listing decisions belong in the hands of scientists, not politicians.

Support the fight against anti-wolf S. 1514 and any other legislative attempt to strip wolves of protections with a 100% tax-deductible donation.

This bill’s impacts don’t end with wolves. It would also block the federal government from regulating lead fishing equipment which is leaching this toxic chemical in our rivers and waterways. Another provision takes aim at the Endangered Species Act by allowing the importation of carcasses of polar bears that trophy hunters killed just before these bears were protected under the Act. Allowing this would simply encourage the killing of other “trophy” species that are slated to receive protections.

We are doing everything we can to stop this bill. Our organizers around the country are mobilizing activists in their regions and we are working in Washington, D.C. to harness organizational opposition to keep pressure on senators to vote NO on S.1514. You may have seen our August Stop Extinction Challenge that is part of this effort! Please help us continue this fight with a 100% secure and tax-deductible donation today.

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

From Change.org 

Germany: Petition update: “The Ministry of Environmental Affairs of Lower Saxony will leave the Goldenstedt She-wolf alone…!”

27 July 2017

Hello, dear wolf lovers!

Hello, dear supporters of the Petition “With the Human! – For the Wolf!”

The talks with the Ministry of Environmental Affairs in Hannover are over, and it has been decided to leave the Goldenstedt she-wolf alone; no radio-collar fitting until January 2018! What will happen then, nobody knows as yet…!

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: Don’t let red wolves go extinct in the wild again!

Red wolves are running out of time – again!

Two years ago, there were an estimated 100 red wolves in the wild, but now their numbers have plummeted to fewer than 45.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) has not done its duty to protect the red wolf and now it is threatening to simply walk away from the Red Wolf Recovery Program in the wild.

We need your help to demand that they reaffirm their commitment to red wolf recovery in the wild: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=ynB6lhWoUYrC-UhsGXqOXw

Back in May, FWS published a notice of intent to revise existing rules for the management of the wild population of red wolves in North Carolina.

The proposed revision would shrink the area where red wolves are allowed to live by 90 percent, leaving just one or two packs to roam in an area that’s too small to sustain them. It would also remove all other red wolves from the wild and divert resources from the red wolf recovery program.

Tell FWS to recommit to red wolf recovery in the wild before it’s too late: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=U9Xd8cK6aVzJdG47reEjug

In what was once a model recovery program, FWS reintroduced red wolves in North Carolina in 1987 – just seven years after they were declared extinct in the wild. As a result, the wild population of red wolves rebounded to nearly 150 individuals!

But after years of yielding to pressure from a vocal minority seeking to end the recovery of red wolves in the wild, FWS failed to follow through on its commitment to restore red wolves and is now proposing a rule that could cripple recovery efforts in the wild.

The proposal goes against sound conservation science. Even the scientists whose study FWS relied upon in making this proposal condemned it as being full of “alarming misrepresentations” that “will no doubt result in the extinction of red wolves in the wild.”

We cannot fail red wolves again. We were given a rare second chance to save this species from being lost to extinction forever – and we were succeeding! Don’t let FWS turn its back on red wolves now.

Speak out on behalf of red wolf recovery today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=lmc8rAziy0vrK8AuQhvWgQ

  1. USA: Hunting wolves with bait? Idaho must be stopped!

The state of Idaho continues to intensify its war on wolves.

This time they’re proposing a rule that would allow hunters to lure wolves with bait and then shoot them.

Idaho would become the only state where this is allowed and we simply can’t let this appalling proposal become law.

Please, do your part for wolves and tell the Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG) to strike down the shameful use of baiting to ambush wolves: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=DoB2YdQw0uBwxj16WMTq_g

Baiting wolves is a despicable practice that can draw entire packs in to be killed simply because they are hungry and unsuspecting. It may also create an unnecessary risk to grizzly bears in Idaho too.

There are estimated to be fewer than 800 wolves in Idaho and there is a growing demand to reduce the population to dangerously low levels of 150 wolves or fewer. Wolf hunters and trappers already have the right to legally kill as many as 10 wolves per person each year!

Wolves need YOU to protest this terrible policy before it’s too late. Submit your comments today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=TBK8toJE_J-Vg9q4I7saiQ

Not sure what to say? You can use some of the following points in your message:

  • I oppose baiting wolves in Idaho. Many of the lands where wolves range are public lands that belong to all of us and, as a steward of that land and the wildlife that call it home, I do not support using bait to lure in and then shoot wolves and their young.
  • The Idaho wolf population is already far below that of black bears, coyotes and cougars. Wolves play an important role in culling diseased animals from elk and deer herds and otherwise help to keep our land healthy.
  • The baiting of wolves is not allowed in other states and should not be allowed in Idaho.

These killing methods are indefensible. Help us stop this attack on wolves and their pups before it’s too late: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=dl0TXTl4EKfH_I8olxLxiw

  1. USA: Idaho: Wolf baiting rule threatens to wipe out wolf packs

The State of Idaho has hit a new low in its war on wolves.

A new proposed rule would allow hunters to lure wolves in with bait and then ambush them with gunfire. This is one of the most horrific proposals I’ve seen – and it could destroy whole families of wolves.

This proposed rule by the Idaho Fish and Game Commission is sickening and utterly despicable. The idea of baiting mother wolves with food that they can share with their hungry pups, or tricking a young wolf that is just scavenging for food, only to shoot these unsuspecting animals is unconscionable.

Please donate today to help us stop this horrific rule from luring wolves to their deaths: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=oW_FHA7VGwM84GLt8LSYPg

Idaho’s wolves have been in mortal danger since Congress stripped them of federal Endangered Species Act protections in 2011. Since Idaho took over their management, nearly 2,000 wolves have been killed in the state and it is estimated that fewer than 800 wolves remain.

There has been enough bloodshed. We must act now to try and stop this disastrous proposal before even more wolves are killed.

Help us fight for Idaho’s wolves and other imperilled species with a generous donation: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=pBljpkfEMZgGsF8-5u4MHA

This newest chapter in Idaho’s horrible war on wolves cannot stand! If this proposal goes forward, the next step could be permitting the use of live bait – bait in the form of animal shelter dogs as suggested by an Idaho state senator. Live baiting should never be allowed under any circumstances.

Defenders is the only national organization with staff on the ground in Idaho who not only helped to restore wolves but who are still actively working to watchdog actions at the statehouse and the state wildlife commission in order to defend wolves.

We need your urgent support to help us fight against Idaho’s unjust war on wolves.

Please help us stop these attacks on wolves and their pups before it’s too late: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=Nb7ACDsuIGfbAfmsEM0VyA

4. USA: California: Big Wolf News in the Golden State!

The Golden State is now home to its second wolf family – the Lassen Pack.

Last week, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) announced the discovery of a new family of wolves (https://cdfgnews.wordpress.com/2017/07/05/cdfw-confirms-presence-of-wolf-pack-in-lassen-county-collars-adult-wolf/), the Lassen Pack. The new pack has at least three confirmed pups, and CDFW successfully collared the alpha female on June 30th. Considering that wolves were absent from the California landscape for nearly 90 years, a second new wolf family establishing itself in the northern part of the state in the span of three summers is nothing short of momentous. The presence of the Lassen Pack marks an exciting new chapter in wolf recovery in the Pacific West.

A Short History of Gray Wolves in California

The gray wolf (Canis lupus) is a native species that was driven to local extinction in California by 1924. In 2011, a male gray wolf, dubbed OR-7 because he was the seventh wolf collared in Oregon, traveled hundreds of miles from his pack in northeastern Oregon to become the first documented gray wolf to enter California in nearly 90 years.

OR-7’s arrival in the Golden State prompted members of the public to petition the California Fish and Game Commission to list the gray wolf as endangered under the California Endangered Species Act (CESA). On June 4, 2014, the commission found that such listing was warranted and voted in favor of listing gray wolves under CESA.

Independent of the state’s listing, CDFW prepared for the return of wolves to California by convening a Stakeholder Working Group (https://www.wildlife.ca.gov/Conservation/Mammals/Gray-Wolf/Stakeholders), comprised of ranchers, hunters, and environmental conservation organizations, including Defenders of Wildlife. This diverse group assisted CDFW in the development of the Conservation Plan for Gray Wolves in California (https://nrm.dfg.ca.gov/FileHandler.ashx?DocumentID=135026&inline), which was finalized in December 2016.

Wolves Rediscover California

In spring 2015, a CDFW trail camera in Siskiyou County recorded a lone wolf. Additional cameras deployed in the vicinity took multiple photos showing two adults and five pups. CDFW designated this as the Shasta Pack due to its vicinity near Mt. Shasta. The whereabouts of the Shasta Pack is unknown at this time, with the last known sighting via trail camera in California in May 2016, and a juvenile male confirmed to have been in northwestern Nevada in November 2016.

In November 2016, CDFW confirmed a pair of wolves in western Lassen County (now known as the Lassen Pack). After several attempts to track and trap one of these two wolves, they were able to capture and collar the female in late June 2017. Shortly thereafter, they made an even more exciting discovery:  images of three wolf pups playing in front of a nearby trail camera. Genetic analysis shows that the alpha male is OR-7’s son, which dispersed southeast from the Rogue Pack in southern Oregon.

The latest news of California’s second wolf pack underscores the fact that wolves are making their way back to their historical range here. OR-7 proved that a wolf could make the trek to California. The Shasta Pack gave us hope that wolves would take up residency here. Now the presence of the Lassen Pack shows that wolves are eager to return to their native territory in the Golden State.

Preparing the Way

The announcement of the Lassen Pack comes on the heels of a workshop in Shasta County that was co-hosted by Defenders, during which more than 80 attendees learned about various methods to reduce wolf-livestock conflicts. One key takeaway from the event was that diverse stakeholders, including ranchers, wildlife managers, and environmental conservationists, agree on the importance of fitting at least one wolf from each known wolf family with a collar to track pack activities and inform local landowners and ranchers of nearby wolf presence.

With that in mind, it’s particularly encouraging to learn that CDFW has successfully collared the Lassen Pack’s alpha female, the first wolf ever captured and collared by our state wildlife officials. We hope the information gathered by the collar can help inform management and coexistence efforts (https://www.defenders.org/sites/default/files/publications/coexistence-tools-and-techniques.pdf) – proactive strategies that can prevent or minimize conflicts between livestock and our state’s newest wolves.

Coexisting with Wolves

For more than 30 years, Defenders of Wildlife has led the way in reducing conflicts with predators, from polar bears in Alaska, to panthers in Florida, grizzlies in the northern Rockies to wolves throughout the United States. Coexistence is an important way to secure a real future for these iconic species.

Defenders’ California program continues to make coexistence efforts a top priority. Our staff members give educational presentations and host workshops with other coexistence experts across the state. We have also provided tools to livestock producers in need of assistance with implementing proactive methods for reducing conflicts with predators.

Through a grant from the Natural Resources Conservation Service, Defenders will be hosting range rider (http://www.defenders.org/coexisting-range#riders) trainings in the coming year. Range riders are one important strategy used to reduce conflict between wolves and livestock by increasing human presence in the field. Range riders monitor livestock for signs of stress, illness and injury, work to keep livestock closely herded to minimize vulnerability to attack, and track predator activity in order to move livestock out of harm’s way when necessary.

California has a golden opportunity to forge new partnerships to reduce potential conflicts between our nascent wolf population and livestock that are the lifeblood to so many ranching families in the northern part of the state. Lawmakers, conservation professionals, local officials and private landowners should increase cooperative efforts to help ranchers use proven, nonlethal methods to keep both livestock and wolves safe from harm.

Follow us on social media (https://twitter.com/defenders and https://www.facebook.com/DefendersofWildlife/) to stay up-to-date on the status of gray wolf conservation and other developments important to wildlife and our work. Don’t forget to sign up for our emails where you will get all the latest news and action alerts to support wildlife.

  1. USA: Don’t Let FWS Turn Tail on Mexican Gray Wolf Recovery

Right now, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) is considering a draft recovery plan that would drastically hinder the recovery of Mexican gray wolves, or lobos, in the wild and could lead to their ultimate demise.

Speak up now for Mexican gray wolves by telling FWS to reject this fatally flawed, politically motivated recovery plan: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=zrCEjGIFKnEgDNYH-ae38Q

The endangered Mexican gray wolf is one of the rarest land mammals in the world. In fact, just over 100 of these amazing wolves survive in the wild in the U.S. And FWS is further threatening their survival with this ill-conceived plan.

The plan would institute artificial boundaries for Mexican gray wolves and prevent them from reaching habitat in the Grand Canyon and parts of New Mexico and Colorado that scientists say are essential to their survival. It would also arbitrarily cap the population of wolves at 320 individuals – a number far short of the 750 recommended by scientists to ensure their future.

Tell FWS you do not support a draft recovery plan that could mean the end for Mexican gray wolf recovery: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=P2qqJPpob_Be-USoZbPbFg

The FWS’s plan would abandon their federal oversight responsibilities by improperly delegating decision-making on wolf releases to states that have a long track record of hostility toward lobo recovery.

Don’t let the FWS abandon Mexican gray wolves! Submit your comments on this negligent draft recovery plan today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=qEbeUFBIe1GFunbVdXHjOw

This may be the last opportunity for public comment on Mexican gray wolf recovery efforts. Speak up now to save wolves before it’s too late.

  1. USA: Help give lobos a lifeline

In 1998, I found myself standing in Alpine, Arizona on the brink of a momentous occasion for Mexican gray wolves.

At the time, I was head of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and had the extraordinary honour of releasing 11 of these beautiful creatures back into the American Southwest where they had been declared extinct in the wild since the mid-1970’s.

I never would have imagined that just 19 years later, FWS would propose a recovery plan that measurably abandons their responsibility to secure a future for this iconic American species and would mean walking away from the promise we made to those 11 wolves on that historic day.

I won’t let the promise of a future for Mexican gray wolves, or lobos, go unfulfilled – and I know you won’t either.

We need your help to continue the fight to ensure lobos have a future: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=9_qsqhZFFDMd0cHv2y4kew

This is a critical time for one of the world’s rarest land mammals. FWS is proposing a radical new plan that would drastically curtail efforts to restore Mexican gray wolves to the southern borderlands and threaten all recovery efforts thus far. Defenders won’t turn our backs on lobos – we just wish FWS felt the same way.

Just over 100 lobos remain in the wild within the U.S., and this ill-conceived plan could jeopardize this fragile population with devastating consequences. It would draw artificial boundaries that would prevent lobos from dispersing to places that scientists say are necessary for their continued survival.

The plan would also arbitrarily cap the population at 320 individuals – far fewer than the scientifically–recommended 750 needed to ensure their future. Finally, it would improperly turn over decision-making authority on wolf releases to states that have a long track record of hostility toward lobo recovery, allowing FWS to renege on its responsibilities to release lobos.

Please make a donation today to help us push back on this reckless plan: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=w5Uq9WDnqWxZex3CTL-zEw

If Mexican gray wolves are going to have any chance at a future in the wild, they are going to need a lifeline now. Together we can keep the promise of a future for lobos.

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Closer Look Reveals States Don’t Support Recovery of the Mexican Gray Wolf

Despite Their Central Role in the Recovery Planning Process

Albuquerque, NM – On June 29th the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) released its draft recovery plan for the Mexican gray wolf. The critically endangered species is in the midst of a genetic crisis brought on by indiscriminate removals, a very small founder population, and the unwillingness of the Service to release enough wolves into the wild. The recovery plan has not been updated since 1982, a full sixteen years before Mexican gray wolves were first released. The newest recovery plan was created by collaborating exclusively with four south-western states that have shown hostility towards the program, resulting in a plan that may doom the wolves. Representatives of these states have replaced the expert independent wolf biologists and related experts who were a central part of the last attempt at recovery planning which began in 2011. And all non-governmental stakeholders were cut out of the continued recovery planning process. The resulting draft plan hands total power over releases, wolf genetics, and the success of the program to the states.

Despite strong public support for wolf recovery in the south-western states of Arizona and New Mexico, where the wolves live now, and Utah and Colorado, where they will need to expand in the future, state game agencies have been actively sabotaging the wolves’ chances to recover. “They have been spending tax payer money on anti-wolf lobbyists, supporting increased killing of wolves, denying permits, and suing the federal government to stop needed wolf releases,” said Maggie Howell of the Wolf Conservation Center.

The law says recovery plans must be based on the best available science, but the states have instead told the Service what they will accept – too few wolves to ever be safe from extinction, and where they will accept them – mostly in Mexico, where neither the states nor the US government has any authority. “The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service scrapped a science-based, multi-stakeholder recovery planning process and wilfully invited the states who have demonstrated their hostility to Mexican wolves to rewrite the recovery plan,” said Dave Parsons of Project Coyote. “The last time the Fish and Wildlife service allowed the states to manage Mexican wolf recovery, the population declined by 24% over a six year period.” The paper Four States’ Efforts to Derail Wolf Recovery was released to the public today. It details the various ways the four states have tried to block or frustrate recovery of the Mexican gray wolf.

Without immediate attention to releasing more wolves in more places, this rare little wolf of the southwest United States and northern Mexico will disappear forever. Unfortunately, the draft recovery plan completely turns over the control of releases in the U.S. to the states of Arizona and New Mexico. Given their previous unwillingness to release enough wolves in their states, and their blocking of all releases of adults, the future of our iconic south-western lobos looks grim.

We Need You to Demand a Better Plan

There’s still time for the USFWS to fix the plan before it becomes final, but this will take many voices demanding a workable, science-based plan. It is up to us to speak for the lobos.

Public meetings and a comment period on the proposed plan span the summer, giving Americans one last chance to have their voices heard. The Wolf Conservation Center will be joining a meeting, Learn how you can too here.

2. USA: Senate Bill Rider Takes Aim at Wolves

Your urgent action needed today!

Today the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee is considering the new Senate Sportsmen’s bill (S.1514) – a bill that contains a damaging anti-wolf amendment we’re calling the “War on Wolves” Rider.

The toxic legislation proposes to permanently remove federal Endangered Species Act (ESA) protections for gray wolves in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, and Wyoming, to allow trophy hunting of wolves to immediately resume within these states. To add insult to injury, the bill prohibits its judicial review thus preventing any legal challenge.

If the War on Wolves legislation is passed into law, wolves will die at the hands of trophy hunters.

Please call your senators TODAY and urge them to oppose S. 1514!

Find your Senator’s contact information here.

  1. USA: Americans Stand Up for Red Wolves

99.8% of Public Comments Show Overwhelming Support.

Nearly all of the comments submitted to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) support recovering the wild red wolf population in the south-eastern United States. 54,992 out of 55,087 public comments (99.8%) supported recovering the red wolf in the wild in North Carolina, compared to only 25 anti-wolf comments (0.045%) and just 10 comments (0.018%) that supported the federal agency’s proposed plan to remove most red wolves from the wild and into captivity.

Statements from North Carolina residents similarly support restoring and conserving the red wolf. Fully 98.6% of comments from North Carolinians encouraged the USFWS to do more to save the critically imperilled species, one of the most endangered carnivores in the world. Zooming in to north-eastern North Carolina, more than two-thirds (68.4%) of the comments from the current 5-county recovery region were supportive of the Red Wolf Recovery Program, undermining claims that local residents oppose red wolf restoration.

“Every voice raised in support of wildlife can make a difference and Americans overwhelmingly support red wolf recovery,” said Maggie Howell, Executive Director of the Wolf Conservation Center. “We’re counting on USFWS to take notice and follow the best available science to ensure that the world’s most endangered wolves remain a living, breathing part of the south-eastern landscape.”

Conservation groups and a team of scientists also submitted detailed comments to the USFWS. These letters cite evidence that the agency’s proposal to pull back on red wolf conservation actions would cause the extinction of the red wolf in the wild. In the hopes of dramatically shifting the scope of USFWS decision-making on Canis rufus, the letters also offer proactive suggestions for recovering the species across the south-eastern US, including generous landowner incentive programs and more robust law enforcement.Read more.

Read more here.  

From Take Action! at GreaterGood Network (news@greatergood.com)

USA: Don’t Let The Mexican Gray Wolf Go Extinct!

At the end of 2015, there were an estimated 97 Mexican gray wolves remaining in the wild, making them the most endangered gray wolves in the world. Unless more of them are released into the wild, they are doomed to go extinct.
What’s even worse is that years of delaying needed releases of wolves from captivity has led to a loss of the genetic diversity among the wild wolves. This genetic loss has resulted in smaller litters, lower pup survival and, if it’s not corrected, eventually extinction.
The release of more wolves from captivity would greatly improve the genetic health of the wild population, but political foot dragging and attempts to block releases has made this difficult. Please sign our petition today to tell the Trump administration that we’re not backing down from Mexican gray wolf recovery.

Other News

National

Nothing to report

Next Door

From Change.org (change@mail.change.org)

Petition update: Son of Cecil, the Lion, killed by trophy hunter

20 Jul 2017 — The trophy hunt was organised by Zimbabwean private hunter Richard Cooke but his clients, who may have paid tens of thousands of dollars, have not been revealed. Xanda was wearing a tracking collar, fitted by scientists led by Andrew Loveridge at Oxford University, who have studied the Hwange lions for many years.

Article published by The Guardian:

Son of Cecil the lion killed by trophy hunter

Six-year-old Xanda was shot and killed by hunters when he roamed outside the protected area of the Hwange national park in Zimbabwe

A son of Cecil the lion has been killed by trophy hunters in Zimbabwe, meeting the same fate as his father whose death in 2015 caused global outcry.

Xanda was six years old and had fathered a number of cubs himself. He was shot on 7 July just outside the Hwange national park, not far from where Cecil died, but news of the death only became public on Thursday.

The trophy hunt was organized by Zimbabwean private hunter Richard Cooke but his clients, who may have paid tens of thousands of dollars, have not been revealed. Xanda was wearing a GPS tracking collar, fitted by scientists led by Andrew Loveridge at Oxford University, who have studied the Hwange lions for many years.

“Xanda was one of these gorgeous Kalahari lions, with a big mane, big body, beautiful condition – a very, very lovely animal,” Loveridge told the Guardian. “Personally, I think it is sad that anyone wants to shoot a lion, but there are people who will pay money to do that.”

“I put the collar on Xanda last October and spent a bit of time following him around,” he said. “You have handled them so you feel a personal engagement with the animal.” But Loveridge does not condemn trophy hunting outright: “Trophy hunting protects an area about the size of France and Spain combined in Africa. So if you throw trophy hunting out, what happens to all that habitat?”

Xanda was the pride male in a group with two adult lionesses and cubs which roamed near the boundary of the national park. “He was shot 2km from the park boundary, which is a hop and a skip for a lion,” Loveridge said.

The scientists want a 5km no-hunting zone around the park. “It is something we have suggested for years,” he said. “But there is a lot of resistance because a lot of the hunting happens right on the boundary, because that is where the animals are. The photo-tourism operators in Hwange are very keen to have that discussion. They are annoyed that this has happened.”

Xanda’s death poses no immediate danger to the 550-strong lion population in Hwange national park, which spreads over 15,000 sq km, Loveridge said: “The lion population is pretty healthy, but it would probably be better if it didn’t happen,” said Loveridge.

The scientist said Cooke is a responsible operator and had a legal quota for the hunt: “He is very ethical, he doesn’t cut corners. He has always communicated with us when he has hunted an animal, and given us the collar back. He is not one of the fly-by-night guys.” Cooke has killed several collared lions in the past, Loveridge said. Cooke did not respond to requests for comment.

“I’ve had a look at the GPS collar data and it all seems to be as [Cooke] says,” Loveridge said. “The collar goes to a hunting camp and this is when you know the animal has been shot.”

The death of Cecil the lion in 2015, killed by US dentist Walter Palmer, led to widespread criticism of the trophy hunting of lions, which has become a big business with the number killed tripling to 1,500 a year in the last decade. Lions have lost 90% of their overall population in the last century and only about 20,000 remain.

Philip Mansbridge, UK director of the International Fund for Animal Welfare, said: “IFAW opposes the cruel and needless killing of wild animals for recreation and encourages enjoyment and appreciation of these magnificent animals within their natural habitats through sustainable ecotourism opportunities. This has proven to be more beneficial for communities living with wildlife.”

“The unprecedented global outcry after Cecil the Lion was killed just goes to show the vast majority oppose the actions of the minority that enjoy slaughtering these animals for trophies,” he said. “These animals deserve our protection, not bullets.”

Masha Kalinina at the Humane Society International said: “Trophy hunters have learned nothing. To stop lions slipping into extinction, it is critical that countries like Zimbabwe focus on keeping as many lions alive as possible. It could follow the examples of Botswana and Kenya, which ban trophy hunting.”

Prof David Macdonald, another of the Oxford team, told the Guardian in December that strictly regulated and sustainable hunting could provide valuable funds to protect lion habitats.

“Of course I understand if people say there are simply no circumstances under which [trophy hunting] will be acceptable to me,” he said. “If so, then they have to look for a mechanism of replacing it with something that is acceptable. That might be people putting their money where their mouth is, buying out the hunting interest and replacing it with some sort of international payment for conservation.”

Cecil, who was 13 when killed, was believed to have had 13 surviving sons and daughters and 15 known grand cubs as of June 2016.

International

From Adam Parascandola, Humane Society International, HSI (info@hsi.org)

CLOSED: Another dog meat farm

Last week, we rescued more than 130 dogs from a dog meat farm in South Korea and shut down the operation for good. They were suffering in some of the worst conditions we’ve ever seen–hungry and terrified – but they won’t ever feel this way again.
See what love and a new chance at life looks like for these dogs: https://www.facebook.com/hsiglobal/videos/10155768210572262/

(Don’t worry, you can still view this video even without a Facebook account.)

This kind of happy ending never gets old. Thank you for your continued support in protecting animals across the globe.
Sincerely,

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

Feeling overwhelmed? Wildlife is too

These past few months have been exhausting and frustrating for all of us who cherish wildlife and wild places. We are living through a time in history that is unlike any other.

The relentless attacks coming from Congress, the states and the Trump administration have culminated in the worst period for wildlife and wild lands in my professional career.

Without your help, these continuing and intensifying attacks could prove catastrophic: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=wCQ4G9waZIZkoHmvUjfD5w

Since taking office, President Trump has been unapologetic about his intentions to sell out our precious lands, waters and wildlife to Big Oil – from the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, to the waters of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, to our national monuments and marine sanctuaries.

This willful disregard for the value of wildlife and their habitats is compounded by the repeated attempts in Congress to undermine the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and remove vital protections for iconic American species.

Help us stop the madness! Donate today to help us fight back for wildlife: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=mmB51IS6UKJdS-CELDsCCQ

The recent attacks on wildlife are some of the most egregious we’ve ever seen. In the span of a few months, we’ve witnessed the lifting of the prohibition on the cruel Alaska predator program on wildlife refuges, a proposal in Idaho to permit hunters to lure wolves to slaughter with bait and the advancement of the ludicrously named “HELP for Wildlife Act” which would delist wolves in the Great Lakes, reaffirm the delisting of wolves in Wyoming and bar legal challenges to both these decisions.

The Trump administration and Congress are on a path of record-setting destruction when it comes to our wildlife and wild places. But as the threats have amped up to a new terrifying level, Defenders is working swiftly to meet each new assault head-on. We have increased our legal capacity, added more resources to hold lawmakers and agencies accountable and are expanding our presence on the ground where imperilled species need us the most. But we need your support to keep it up.

Will you stand by our side? http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=NuU6kAoMKRGeoN8tGRMaeg

Thank you for sticking with us when wildlife need you the most.

From Change.org (change@mail.change.org)

1. Petition update: Another Redneck Trophy Killer sponsored by Under Armour: Jessica Taylor Byers

3 August 2017 — Wife + Texan + Dreamer (Her own words)
Remember, Under Armour makes all this possible. #BoycottUnderArmour and spread the word!
Jessica Taylor Byer’s Trophy Killer Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/followherarrow
Under Armour Hunt Facebook page:
https://www.facebook.com/UAHunt

2. Petition update: Under Armour Redneck Trophy Killer: Jessica Taylor Byers – 2

3 August 2017 — The caption of a picture posted is: “Thank you God.”

Just before she touches her forehead to the dead bear’s, in a redneck mockery of respect.
I don’t think the bear would agree with her notion of respect.
But these people are really that dumb, they believe it is “God” allowing and urging them to subdue the earth and animals.
We call them White Trash.
Under Armour happily promotes this slaughter all over social media. Check out their Facebook page linked below.
Jessica Taylor Byer’s Trophy Killer Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/followherarrow
Under Armour Hunt Facebook page:
https://www.facebook.com/UAHunt

3. Petition update: Under Armour also sponsors Kendall Jones, another inhumane Killer.

7 Aug 2017 — In her own words:
“In 2008, (age 13) I took my second trip to Africa to start my Big 5 experience, but this time to South Africa. Although I had many other opportunities to shoot animals I wanted to save it for the Big 5, so the first animal I ever shot was a White Rhino with a .416 Remington!! On this trip I also took some plains game, such as impala, kudu and mountain reedbuck home.”
Well, she didn’t stop there. Now it is 2017 and a good thousand more animals killed by her, later. For sport and attention.

Kendall Jones’ Facebook page:
https://www.facebook.com/officialkendalljones

From Southwest Wildlifesouthwestwildlife.org; https://www.homeoanimal.com/the-ultimate-guide-to-pet-adoption;

The Ultimate Guide To Pet Adoption: Sneak Preview

Thinking about adopting a furry companion?  That’s great!  Pet rescues and shelters are filled with animals waiting to be adopted and re-homed. Giving a new forever after home to a rescued pet is a big decision.  You want to give him a loving home and the best care possible. Pet adoption is lots of fun, but it does take time to plan and research.

You may ask yourself: How does it work? How do you choose the right pet? Where can I find a rescue or shelter near me? How does the adoption process work? We know you’ve got many questions on pet adoption, and we’ve put the answers together for you!  We have created “The Ultimate Guide To Pet Adoption”.  This guide is divided into captivating articles that will teach you everything you need to know about pet adoption.  Also, keep a lookout for great tips to simplify your pet adoption process.

In order to write this guide, more than 200 rescue groups and shelters across America were asked to give you their best advice and tips on pet adoption. We take the opportunity to thank all the rescues and shelters that have collaborated with this guide and helped us transmit an important message to all those who wish to adopt an animal. This would not have been possible without your valuable support. Check out what topics and questions these articles will address:

https://www.homeoanimal.com/blogs/blog-pet-health/81113348-the-ultimate-guide-to-pet-adoption-the-benefits-of-adopting-a-pet

Know the many benefits of adopting a pet and seize this wonderful opportunity to make a difference in your life and in the life of your new pet.

  • “ Animal Rescue and Animal Shelter: What is the Difference? ”

https://www.homeoanimal.com/blogs/blog-pet-health/81114180-animal-rescue-and-animal-shelter-what-is-the-difference

It’s important to understand the difference between shelters and rescues.  This will save you time in finding the pet you want and in choosing which organization you would like to support in your community.  They do have similar functions but there are also major differences between the two.

  • “ Pet Adoption Myths ”

https://www.homeoanimal.com/blogs/blog-pet-health/81114628-the-ultimate-guide-to-pet-adoption-pet-adoption-myths

There are many misconceptions about adopting a pet from a rescue or shelter. Learn the truth behind each myth.

  • “ What Should You Consider Before Adopting? ”

https://www.homeoanimal.com/blogs/blog-pet-health/81114628-the-ultimate-guide-to-pet-adoption-pet-adoption-myths

Pet ownership can be lots of fun. But, you want to think through a couple of things before you make your final decision and adopt.

  • “ Find Your Perfect Match? ”

https://www.homeoanimal.com/blogs/blog-pet-health/81141124-the-ultimate-guide-to-pet-adoption-find-your-perfect-pet-match

Choosing the right pet for your family is essential for both your family’s and the animal’s happiness and wellbeing. You will learn how to make an educated decision and choose the right pet for you.

  • “ Meet and Greet ”

https://www.homeoanimal.com/blogs/blog-pet-health/81141636-the-ultimate-guide-to-pet-adoption-the-meet-greet-your-new-pet

Talking to a pet counselor at the animal rescue or shelter will really help you make the right choice.Know what questions to ask them!

  • “ The Adoption Process ”

https://www.homeoanimal.com/blogs/blog-pet-health/81114820-the-ultimate-guide-to-pet-adoption-the-adoption-process

Once you are ready to adopt, learn what you have to do to get approved for the adoption.

  • “ Preparing Your Home ”

https://www.homeoanimal.com/blogs/blog-pet-health/81143300-preparing-your-home-the-ultimate-guide-to-pet-adoption

Transform your house into a cozy home before you welcome your new four-legged friend.

  • “ Pet Supplies ”

https://www.homeoanimal.com/blogs/blog-pet-health/81142340-pet-supplies-the-ultimate-guide-to-pet-adoption

We’ve created a complete checklist of all the necessary (and fun) things you should think about getting before your new pet arrives.

  • “ Pet Care ”

https://www.homeoanimal.com/blogs/blog-pet-health/81144132-best-pet-care-the-ultimate-guide-to-pet-adoption

We will give you many tips and tricks on how to care for your pet.

  • “ Bringing Home Your New Pet ”

https://www.homeoanimal.com/blogs/blog-pet-health/81144452-bringing-your-new-pet-home-the-ultimate-guide-to-pet-adoption

Bringing home your new companion is a big deal. Learn what to expect in the first couple weeks.

  • “ How To Be a Responsible Pet Owner ”

https://www.homeoanimal.com/blogs/blog-pet-health/81145348-how-to-be-a-responsible-pet-owner-the-ultimate-guide-to-pet-adoption

Learn how to become a responsible pet parent. We will give you tips and advice on how to be the best pet parent you can be.

  • “ How You Can Help Your Local Rescue or Shelter? ”

https://www.homeoanimal.com/blogs/blog-pet-health/81146244-how-you-can-help-your-local-rescue-or-shelter

Learn how to give a helping hand to your local rescue group or animal shelter. There are many great reasons why these organizations need your help.

Pet adoption is such a wonderful thing. Whether you’d like to adopt a dog, a cat, a rabbit, a ferret or any other animal, you want to make sure you consider all that it takes to become a very good and caring pet owner. Find out all about pet adoption in this book and you will be able to start enjoying a brand new lifelong friendship with your new pet.

Disclaimer: This guide is intended to provide you with the information you need to make better decisions about pet adoption. The views and opinions in this guide have tried to regroup the general procedure of pet adoption, but remember that all animals, rescues and shelters are unique. Therefore, pet adoption will be different for each animal, rescue and shelter. However, we have made every effort to be truthful, fair and accurate when we wrote this guide. HomeoAnimal has used all reasonable care in compiling the information from the interviewed rescues and shelters but make no warranty as to its accuracy. We recommend contacting your local rescue or shelter to help assist you in making your final decision.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Wolves in Slovenia

Wolves were once abundant in Slovenia’s forests, but hunting drove them to the brink of extinction. It took protection from the state to stabilize their numbers, but their long-term survival is still far from certain.

For centuries, wolves were seen as little more than a threat to people and their farm animals. Habsburg authorities even paid hunters large bounties for every wolf they killed. The strategy was so successful that wolves became a rare sight in Slovenian forests by the end of the 19th century.

People living in sparsely populated areas, driven by fear of losing sheep and other animals, even formed wolf-killing committees to rid Slovenia’s forests of their adversary. Unlimited hunting led to the extinction of the Eurasian lynx, and for much of the 20th century, it seemed that the wolf would suffer the same fate.

For a long time, the situation appeared hopeless, but the wolf eventually got a reprieve. Bounties on wolves continued to be paid off until 1973, but by that time, attitudes had already begun to change. Within a few years, wolves became protected in some parts of Slovenia, even though there was still no national plan to protect the species. With pressure from conservationists growing, however, year-long hunting moratoria on wolves were increasingly common by the early ‘90s.

In 1993, the wolf was finally declared an endangered species by the government of newly independent Slovenia. The decision did not mean a total end to wolf hunting – exceptions can still be made for wolves that threaten farm animals. However, the new status has helped the wolf population to begin a slow rebound.

Today, many wolves have been tagged to enable electronic monitoring. Recent estimates of wolves in Slovenia’s forests show that the population is down to less than 50 animals. New roads, the encroachment of human settlements, and poaching all represent very real threats to this very fragile wolf population. Conservation groups have been calling for a total ban on wolf hunting – with no exceptions. They point out that even simple measures such as the use of higher fences for sheep enclosures could reduce the number of conflicts between wolves and farmers.

It’s becoming increasingly clear that educating the public about wolves – which are almost never dangerous to people – is the key to ensuring the long-term survival of a species abundant in the country’s forests long before the arrival of humans.

But now the government of Slovenia has just announced that in 2017 it will permit the killing of 10 wolves out of a total estimated population of less than 50. This is in spite of research from the EU-funded SloWolf project which showed that such killing breaks up wolf packs and leads to more attacks on livestock because single wolves are unable to hunt deer effectively. The government claims it listens to the experts, but it seems that the hunting lobby has a large influence here (also shown by the fact that this year 113 brown bears will also be killed or ‘removed’ from the environment). The wolf is a protected species in Slovenia. This cull should be abandoned immediately.

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 141

Wolf Pups Dream
by Jennifer Tissot

From within the warm, secure den, I watch Father, his coat thick and white as the snow under his paws, disappearing into the deep woods beyond for the night’s hunt.

I whine in disappointment of not being able to hunt with them because I’m still young.

“Very soon,” begins my older brother sitting beside me, “you’ll be out there leading the pack just like him and mother.”

I know this is true but it seems so far away when I think about it.

My sister nuzzles me with her stout nose to play a game with her.

My brother is amused and tells me to not think of hunting, but to live and enjoy my precious moments as a pup.

“You’ll be a grown wolf soon enough,” he says.

Feeling a twitch of hope within my heart, I race after my sister and over the cold, powdery face of Mother Earth.

I tumble and roll within the flying flakes of Mother Earth’s hair so white and clean, knowing that I will someday be a leader, a hunter, and a father of a pack all my own.

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

This time I want to ask a question, and maybe one of you can give me an answer.

Taima is spayed, and not only since yesterday – her surgery took place four years ago and she never was in heat in her life. But comes June/July, the time she would come into heat, the boys, especially Ascar II, go nuts. They have their noses under her tail all day long, sniff and taste her pee and then chatter their teeth, and Ascar II tries to mount her as often as he can. Kajack would not dare to give that a try, but also behaves differently towards Taima, almost romancing her, which Ascar doesn’t like at all and he always pushes him away from her. Taima is more affectionate than usual during that time, wants to be petted all the time, always offering her rear part to me and Ted to scratch, and then lifting her tail and stepping from one hind leg to the other. That’s exactly the behaviour of the alpha female we know from unspayed females, but why does it still happen that long after she got spayed? In theory there cannot be any attractive smell or “urine-aroma”, but the males still behave as if she were in heat. Is there still a change of the hormone system that causes it, although she is not getting into heat anymore? It lasts about two weeks and then everything will go back to normal. Does somebody have an idea whether this is normal and, more importantly, what’s causing it?

Will be continued…

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Volume 12, Issue 153, July 2017

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 12, Issue 153, July 2017

From the Editor’s Desk

Some US Senators really don’t seem to stop at anything when it comes to making the destruction of nature legal. While attempts to this effect have been going on for a long time, actually, their proposed measures now reek distinctly of the Horror Clown who thinks that the world is there only to make some people rich – let me correct this: make some Americans rich first. It is therefore only a logical step to propose: take away the funding of species protection and rather use it for some or other anti-nature measure that serves the personal luxury of an elite few. Read the news section for yourself!

To provide background, we have a portrayal of the battered Red Wolf that highlights everything you should know about the world’s rarest wolf.

A haunting poem, but one that really hits home and is worth not only reading but also contemplating…

Erin has provided another one of her interesting updates, and as far as she, our pack, and I are concerned, well, we had reason to celebrate – see the advert below.

Till next month,
Ed.

New Wolf Book!

 A Houseful Headful of Wolves

The Story of two People sharing their Home and Lives with Wolves

A life stranger than fiction. And it all started when Ted and Erin decided to quit Germany and emigrate to South Africa just when the era of Apartheid came to end there. Animal lovers through and through, they eventually ended up sharing their home with a pack of wolves. If this alone were not strange enough, a teacher came into their lives and taught them Animal Communication. Ted took to this like a fish to water and with almost daily training over the years refined his skills to levels he never thought possible – and to dimensions very few people probably know exist.

Ted tells how everything evolved, sharing the joys and dramas of being part of a wolf pack in a domestic setting. He leaves no doubts, however, that this requires a lot of dedication, compromising, and a deep understanding of wolf mentality. He describes in detail the fundamental requirements for such a setup to work and why the “normal” person may be better advised to stick to a dog with wolfish looks rather than the real thing. He also takes a look at the difficult relationship between people and wolves throughout history, and discusses why Animal Communication is a skill everybody is born with, but most will unlearn later in life.

Told as they unfolded, his realizations have the potential of widely expanding the box humans are generally conditioned to think in – both with regard to the wolf as a physical being and as a spiritual entity of immense wisdom.

Ted Ehrhardt (pseudonym) is an author, ghost writer, editor and translator with more than 30 years of experience in various fields of biosciences, at home in the worlds of both scientific  literature and fiction. Ted is German-born, but has been living in South Africa for more than 25 years, 17 of which in the company of a pack of wolves.

Book: A Headful of Wolves The Story of two People sharing their Home and Lives with Wolves

Available as paperback and E-book from Amazon or from any other Amazon Online-shop.

Upcoming Events

Say Yes to New Adventures!

International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs.

Tracking the Pack

August 18-20

Learn about the tools biologists use in the field to locate and study wild wolves. Then we’ll take you in our bus to test your new skills with our telemetry equipment to search for that elusive radio collar signal!
Learn more here.

Wine, Women, and Wolves: Boundary Waters Adventure
September 15-17

Join us for a fun, relaxing weekend learning about wolves and the north woods while enjoying the company of women who have the same hectic routine as you!
Learn more here.

Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center

Wake Up With Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center’s popular nocturnal adventure experience, gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 25 wolves that call the center home! With all the howls and nature’s nighttime chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!

Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and Registration here.

August 17-18

Wolf Retreats with Sacred Warrior

Join Sacred Warrior founder, Vanessa Chakour, for a wild and powerful 2-day camping retreat at the WCC!

Participate in empowering meditation and movement workshops, herbal medicine making, and more! Space is limited!

News from the Wolf Front

National

Nothing to report

International

From Endangered Species Coalition (action@endangered.org)

  1. USA: Help stop red wolves from vanishing forever

As few as 28 wild red wolves are left in the world today. Decades of hard work by scientists and conservationists could be squandered by Interior Secretary Zinke and the Department of Interior (DOI) if they continue as planned and walk away from the job of recovering red wolves.

Please make an emergency tax-deductible donation today to help stop Secretary Zinke’s plan to abandon the most endangered wolves in the country here.

Red wolves have lived successfully in North Carolina for more than two decades and were steadily coming back until the agency charged with their recovery, the Department of Interior’s U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), actively neglected this species and allowed its wild population to plummet by nearly 80 percent.

Shockingly, the agency announced in September of last year, that they were planning to radically reduce the recovery area for these highly endangered wolves from five counties to one and to remove most of the wild wolves from their homes and place them in captivity. This plan to abandon wolves is pending and we are fighting it with every tool that we have, but we need your help.

Please make a donation today to help the Endangered Species Coalition organize opposition to Secretary Zinke’s plan and support for real red wolf recovery here

Red wolves are a native species that once thrived in this region. Their recovery is both necessary to restore healthy landscapes, and possible if Secretary Zinke and the USFWS once again commit to the task. We intend to hold them accountable for continuing to work to achieve this Endangered Species Act success story in the making by organizing conservation organizations and activists in North Carolina and around the nation against this planned abandonment and behind real solutions to stop red wolves from disappearing forever. Please support real red wolf recovery with a donation today.

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

  1. USA: Take Action: Senate bill would kick Great Lakes wolves off of endangered species list and prevent judicial review

A bill introduced in the U.S. Senate last week would kick wolves in Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin off of the endangered species list and subject them to hunting and trapping.

Contact your senators and tell them you oppose S. 1514 here.

This bill is uniquely dangerous because it currently has bipartisan support. Senators Barrasso (R-WY), Boozman (R-AR), Cardin (D-MD), Baldwin (D-WI), and Klobuchar (D-MN) have cosponsored this legislation and are working behind the scenes to get more support and speed its passage into law.

Ask your senators to oppose S. 1514 here.

If this bill becomes law, the Endangered Species Act will be drastically weakened by again allowing politicians to substitute their judgement for that of scientists working in this field. Worse, it prevents judges from reviewing the action. These senators are seeking to exclude scientists and the courts from doing their jobs in order to score political points with special interests.

Don’t let them. Contact your senators and tell them you expect a “NO” vote on S. 1514 if it comes to the full Senate for a vote here.

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

USA: Congress tries to defund ESA protections for gray wolves!

Yesterday a House subcommittee released a funding bill which includes a rider that blocks funding for Endangered Species Act (ESA) protections for all gray wolves in the lower 48 states. The bill also accepts the nearly 17 percent cut in funding to list new species under the ESA proposed in President Trump’s budget.

The House’s dirty budget would gut vital protections for our natural heritage and wildlife, especially for endangered species, including wolves.

Please donate today to help us fight these attacks on wolves and other imperilled wildlife: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=mZ_HkWHAznzPqvcmTHJHnw

This bill continues the intensifying attacks on the ESA. Since the beginning of 2015, we’ve seen 160 proposals introduced in Congress that would either remove protections for individual species or otherwise undermine the ESA.

This wolf rider means certain death for America’s wolves. It forces the Department of the Interior to abandon its responsibilities for protecting gray wolves, which are currently listed as endangered in much of the United States.

It also prevents other federal agencies from complying with their obligations under the law. It is particularly egregious that this rider would halt all efforts to protect and recover the Mexican gray wolf – the most endangered gray wolf in the world, with just 113 wild wolves in the U.S. and 35 in Mexico.

Donate today to help Defenders fight back against this appalling attack and continue our mission to protect and restore imperilled species: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=iq8NlN24C74v65AknUt3YA

This rider makes a mockery of the Endangered Species Act. It leaves America’s wolves sitting in the ESA emergency room and orders our wildlife agencies not to treat them. The drastic cut in funding for new species under the ESA will further delay listing decisions for many deserving species, leading to longer recovery times and possibly even more extinctions.

Help us keep up the fight. Support Defenders’ life-saving work today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=h2OpeADmHJR6wGPQ6b983A

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Wolf Pup Update

Growing Pains?

With her 5-week-old Mexican gray wolf pups and three yearlings born in 2016, Mom’s “paws” are full!  Thankfully, raising pups is a family affair; it is natural for all the wolves to pitch in. The yearlings are assisting their parents in rearing their younger siblings by regurgitating food for them, playing with them, and even baby-sitting. Sometimes, however, it is natural for an older sibling to be a little jealous of the babies. Mexican gray wolf F1508 (a.k.a. K.B.) tries to steal some of her mother’s attention by pretending she is a pup too!

Be sure to tune in to the WCC live webcams to watch the family in action!

Mexican Wolf Pup Webcams

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – May 1-31, 2017

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf.

Past updates may be viewed on either website, or interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf telemetry flight location information please visit http://bit.do/mexicanwolf or www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/RWL.cfm.

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) indicate wolves younger than 24 months or pups. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year. This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

During annual year-end population counts, the IFT documented a minimum of 113 Mexican wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico at the end of 2016. At the end of May, there were 58 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

Wolves with functioning radio collars are listed by studbook number in the pack updates below.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338 and AF1335)

In May, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the SCAR and in the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF). They have displayed localized behaviour consistent with denning.

Bluestem Pack (collared F1489, fp1562, fp1563 and mp1574)

In May, the Bluestem Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. Male pup 1574 showed dispersal behaviour and has been travelling with the Panther Creek Pack. Female pup 1562 has shown dispersal behaviour and is believed to be travelling alone. The IFT documented the breeding pair AF1042 and AM1341 together with F1489 and fp1563. The Bluestem Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory during May.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, mp1471, mp1474 and fp1473)

In May, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF. The pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning during the month of May.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In May, F1443 and m1447 were documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico. Localized movements and observations by the IFT have been documented throughout May. The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache for the Frieborn Pack in an effort to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038)

The Hawks Nest Pack consists of one collared wolf, AM1038. AM1038 was located travelling alone in the traditional territory of the Diamond pack in the northern portion of the ASNF in May.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, and fp1550)

In May, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the ASNF. The pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning during the month of May.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In May, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF. The Maverick Pack was not localized during May.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, mp1483, fp1484 and mp1486)

In May, the Panther Creek Pack was located in the east central portion of the ASNF. Male pup 1574 from the Bluestem Pack has been travelling with Panther Creek. Male pup 1486 has been documented travelling in the Gila National Forest in New Mexico. Male pup 1483 has been travelling between Arizona and New Mexico and fp1484 has been travelling mostly alone in Arizona, occasionally travelling with mp1483. In May, two neonatal pups born in captivity at the California Wolf Center were cross-fostered by the IFT into the Panther Creek den and two wild-born pups were removed to captivity. The IFT initiated a supplemental food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488)

In May, F1488 and an unknown wolf continued to travel together within a territory in the east-central portion of the ASNF. This pack did not display denning behaviour in May.

Saffel Pack (collared F1567 and M1441)

In May the Saffel Pack was located in the north central portion of the ASNF, north of the traditional territory of the Hoodoo Pack. The pack has displayed behaviour consistent with denning during the month of May. A diversionary food cache was started by the IFT for this pack in effort to avoid conflict with cattle in the area.

ON THE FAIR:

Diamond Pack (collared f1557, mp1559, fp1560, mp1571 and mp1572)

In May, the Diamond Pack was located in the northern portion of the ASNF and on state lands north of the ASNF. This month, fp1570 was located dead in Arizona; the incident is under investigation. Male pup 1572 has been documented travelling apart from the Diamond Pack. The IFT initiated a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for the Diamond Pack to reduce potential for further wolf-livestock conflict.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343 and AF1283)

In May, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

Baldy Pack

The Baldy Pack was not located during the month of May. It has been more than three months since the Baldy Pack was located and they are now considered fate unknown.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278 and mp1556)

During May, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF). The IFT confirmed pups with the Iron Creek pack in May.

Lava Pack (collared F1405 and AM1285)

During May, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south eastern portion of the GNF. The IFT set up a diversionary food cache in May to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts. The Lava pack continued to display behaviour consistent with denning.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346 and mp1561)

During May, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness. The Leopold Pack did not display denning behaviour during May.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158 and AF1487)

During May, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the Gila National Forest. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce potential for livestock depredations. The Luna Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with denning.

Mangas Pack (collared M1296 and F1439)

During April, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north western portion of the GNF. In late-April, the Mangas pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning.

Dark Canyon (collared F1444 and M1386)

During May, F1444 and M1386 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF. The Dark Canyon Pack displayed denning behaviour in May.

Copper Creek (collared F1456 and M1354)

During May, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF. This pair has shown denning behaviour in May.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, M1398 and fp1565)

During May, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The Prieto Pack displayed denning behaviour during May. A supplemental food cache was established in May to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399)

During May, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF. In early May, the IFT placed two genetically valuable pups into the pack’s den during a cross-foster operation in efforts to increase genetic diversity of wolves from the Brookfield Zoo, in the wild. A supplemental food cache was also set up to assist the pack’s care for the genetically diverse litter of pups.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284 and F1553)

During May, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT confirmed pups with the SBP pack in May.

Willow Springs Pack

No collared individuals remain in this pack.

Single collared AM1155

During May, AM1155 was documented travelling within New Mexico.

Single collared M1455

During May, M1455 travelled throughout central to east-central portions of the GNF.

Single collared M1552

During May, M1552 travelled throughout north-eastern portions of the GNF and central portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared m1569

During May, m1569 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the CNF.

MORTALITIES

Diamond fp1570 was found dead in Arizona during May; the incident is under investigation.

INCIDENTS

During the month of May, there were five confirmed wolf depredations on livestock and no nuisance reports.

On May 4, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by coyotes.

On May 5, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Socorro County, NM. The investigation determined the cause of death was unknown.

On May 9, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull and two dead cows in Socorro County, NM. The investigation determined the bull was a confirmed wolf kill and both of the cows were probable wolf kills.

On May 9, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Socorro County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 12, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Socorro County, NM. The investigation determined the cow had been killed by a bear.

On May 14, Wildlife Services investigated three dead cows in Catron County, NM. The investigations determined the cause of death was unknown for all three cows.

On May 22, Wildlife Services investigated two dead calves in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined both calves were confirmed wolf kills.

On May 30, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On May 4 and 5, members from the IFT attended a ranching workshop hosted by the X Diamond Ranch in Arizona. The workshop provided a basic understanding of the principles and tools used in low stress livestock handling and stockman ship and a discussion of how these techniques have been used to reduce wolf depredations on cattle.

On May 17, the IFT gave a presentation on Mexican wolf biology, management and reintroduction efforts to a group of 6th grade children from Winslow at their annual camping trip in the ASNF.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

In May, USFWS volunteer/intern Steven Nagy completed his commitment with the program to further his career and experience. Thanks for all your help!

In May, Maya Stahl and McKenna Zandarski joined the project as interns with AZGFD. Welcome to the program, Maya and McKenna!

  1. Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – June 1-30, 2017

The Fish and Wildlife Service will hold information meetings to provide the public with information on the draft recovery plan. Written comments on the draft recovery plan may be submitted at these meetings (oral comments will not be recorded). The dates and times of these information meetings are as follows:

Flagstaff, AZ: July 18, 2017 (6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.): Northern Arizona University, Prochnow Auditorium, South Knowles Drive, Flagstaff, AZ 86001.

Pinetop, AZ: July 19, 2017 (6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.): Hon-Dah Resort, 777 AZ-260, Pinetop, AZ 85935.

Truth or Consequences, NM: July 20, 2017 (6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.): Ralph Edwards Auditorium, Civic Center, 400 West Fourth, Truth or Consequences, NM 87901.

Albuquerque, NM: July 22, 2017 (2:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.): Crowne Plaza Albuquerque, 1901 University Boulevard NE, Albuquerque, NM 87102.

The Fish and Wildlife Service has also made available the Draft Biological Report and two supporting analyses – “Population Viability Analysis for the Mexican Wolf” and “Mexican Wolf Habitat Suitability Analysis in Historical Range in South-western US and Mexico,” to the public as supplemental background information during the public comment period. These documents, as well as the draft Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan, First Revision are available at: www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/MWRP.cfm

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year. This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

During annual year-end population counts, the IFT documented a minimum of 113 Mexican wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico at the end of 2016. At the end of June, there were 58 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

Wolves with functioning radio collars are listed by studbook number in the pack updates below.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338 and AF1335)

In June, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory on the SCAR and in the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF). They have displayed localized behaviour consistent with denning. Pups were documented with the Bear Wallow Pack in June.

Bluestem Pack (collared F1489, f1562, and f1563)

In June, the Bluestem Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. Male 1574 is showing dispersal behaviour and has been travelling with the Panther Creek Pack. Female 1562 has been travelling alone and is now considered a single animal. The IFT documented AF1042, AM1341, F1489, and f1563 localized in a den area during June.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, m1471, m1474, and f1473)

In June, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF. The pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning during the month of June. Pups were documented with the Elk Horn Pack in June.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In June, F1443 and m1447 were documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico. They have displayed localized behaviour consistent with denning in June. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for this pack to reduce potential for livestock depredations.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038)

The Hawks Nest Pack consists of one collared wolf, AM1038. AM1038 was located travelling alone in the traditional territory of the Diamond pack in the northern portion of the ASNF in June.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, and f1550)

In June, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the ASNF. The pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning during the month of June. The IFT is conducting prey carcass investigations as part of a kill rate study for the Hoodoo Pack during the month of June. Pups were documented with the Hoodoo Pack in June.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In June, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, and m1574)

In June, the Panther Creek Pack was located in the east central portion of the ASNF. Male yearling 1574 from the Bluestem Pack has been travelling with Panther Creek for three months and is now considered part of the pack. Male yearling 1486 has been documented travelling in the Gila National Forest in New Mexico. Male yearling 1483 has been travelling between Arizona and New Mexico, and female yearling 1484 has been travelling mostly alone in Arizona, occasionally travelling with mp1483. Yearlings m1483, f1484, and m1486 have been travelling separately from the rest of the pack for three months and are now each considered single animals. The breeding pair continues to display localized behaviour consistent with denning. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for this pack to reduce potential for livestock depredations and supplement cross-fostered pups.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488)

In June, F1488 and an unknown collared wolf continue to travel together within a territory in the east-central portion of the ASNF. This pack has not displayed denning behaviour.

Saffel Pack (collared AF1567)

In June, the Saffel Pack was located in the north central portion of the ASNF, north of the traditional territory of the Hoodoo Pack. The pack has displayed behaviour consistent with denning during the month of June. A diversionary food cache was maintained by the IFT for this pack in effort to avoid conflict with cattle in the area. Pups were documented with the Saffel Pack in June.

Single collared m1483

Male 1483 made wide dispersal movements between Arizona and New Mexico in June.

Single collared f1484

Female 1484 has been travelling alone in Arizona at the southern edge of Panther Creek territory during June.

Single collared f1562

Female 1562 has been making wide dispersal movements to the northeast of Bluestem’s traditional territory.

ON THE FAIR:

Diamond Pack (collared f1557, m1559, f1560, m1571, and m1572)

In June, the Diamond Pack was located in their traditional territory on the FAIR and in the northern portion of the ASNF. Male yearling 1572 has been documented travelling apart from the Diamond Pack. The IFT initiated and maintained a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for the Diamond Pack to reduce potential for further wolf-livestock conflict.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343 and AF1283)

In June, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, and m1556)

During June, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF). The IFT confirmed pups with the Iron Creek Pack in May and continued to observe denning behaviour.

Lava Pack (collared F1405 and AM1285)

During June, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south eastern portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts. The Lava Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with denning.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346, and m1561)

During June, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158 and AF1487)

During June, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the Gila National Forest. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce potential for livestock depredations. The Luna Pack continued to display behaviour consistent with denning. Pups were documented with the Luna Pack in June.

Mangas Pack (collared M1296 and F1439)

During June, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north western portion of the GNF. The Mangas pack continued to display behaviour consistent with denning.

Dark Canyon (collared F1444 and M1386)

During June, F1444 and M1386 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF. The IFT continued to monitor for denning behaviour in June.

Copper Creek (collared F1456 and M1354)

During June, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF. The IFT continued to monitor for denning behaviour in June.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, M1398, and f1565)

During June, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The Prieto Pack has continued to display denning behaviour. A supplemental food cache was established in May to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts and was utilized by the Prieto Pack in June.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399)

During June, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT maintained a supplemental food cache to assist the pack’s care for the genetically diverse litter of pups. Visual observations documented two adults and two pups; however, remote cameras have documented at least one uncollared yearling travelling with the alphas.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284 and F1553)

During June, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The IFT confirmed pups with the SBP pack in May, and the pack continued to display denning behaviour during the month of June. The IFT established a diversionary food cache in June to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflicts. The food cache has been utilized by the SBP pack.

Single collared AM1155

During June, AM1155 was documented travelling within New Mexico.

Single collared M1455

During June, M1455 travelled throughout central to east-central portions of the GNF.

Single collared M1552

During June, M1552 travelled throughout north-eastern portions of the GNF and central portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared m1569

During June, m1569 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared m1486

During June, m1486, a yearling disperser from the Panther Creek Pack, travelled throughout northern and central portions of the CNF.

MORTALITIES

There were no mortalities documented during the month of June.

INCIDENTS

During the month of June, there was one confirmed wolf depredation on livestock and two nuisance reports.

On June 7, the IFT fielded three reports of wolves being observed in a residential area of Alpine, AZ. The reports stated that two collared wolves had been observed multiple times over a two day period beginning on June 6 in the Alpine Village East area near houses. The larger of the two wolves was described as exhibiting a lack of fear of humans. The IFT investigated the reports and determined the Prime Canyon Pack was responsible for the sightings. The IFT determined the Prime Canyon Pack had killed an elk in the area. No wolf interactions with pets or livestock were suspected. On June 8, the IFT located the Prime Canyon Pack south of Alpine and hazed the male with less than lethal rubber bullets. The IFT attempted to haze the Prime Canyon pack again on multiple occasions from June 9 through June 13, and each time was unable to get close enough to haze with less than lethal due to the wolves moving off when the IFT approached.

On June 22, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by wolves.

On June 22, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the cause of death was unknown.

On June 29, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf had been killed as a result of being struck by a vehicle.

On June 30, a collared wolf was observed near a residence in Alpine Village East. The wolf retreated when the homeowner walked outside. The IFT responded to the report, investigated and determined the sighting was of f1483, a yearling disperser from the Panther Creek Pack.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On June 10, the AGFD attended the annual Cochise Graham Cattle Growers Association meeting in Wilcox, AZ and provided an update on Mexican wolf reintroduction efforts in Arizona.

On June 10, a member of the IFT talked to a group of homeowners in Alpine about recent wolf sightings, Mexican wolf biology/behaviour, allowable forms of take within the final 10j rule and IFT management actions for nuisance wolf behaviour.

On June 20, the AGFD gave a presentation on IFT annual work activities and an overall reintroduction project update to the Apache County Board of Supervisors in St. Johns, AZ.

On June 23, the AGFD talked to a group at the Butterfly Lodge in Greer, AZ about routine field techniques used by biologists on the IFT to monitor and capture Mexican wolves.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

In June, Ed Davis left the AGFD to continue his education. Thank you Ed for your dedication and contributions to wolf recovery efforts!

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at (505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

Other News

National

Nothing to report

Next Door

From Change.org (change@mail.change.org)

Well known Elephant Poacher killed in Zimbabwe

3 Jul 2017 — Well known Elephant Poacher killed in Zimbabwe by game wardens.
He was out on bail after a 2016 poaching conviction.

Hwange – An elephant poacher has been shot dead in a contact with game scouts in Zimbabwe’s Hwange National Park, a conservation group says.

The scouts tracked a group of four poachers after shots were heard early on Thursday near Hwange’s Main Camp and an elephant bull carcass minus its tusks was discovered, said the Bhejane Trust.

Later they discovered “the poachers removing ivory from (a second) elephant carcass, and at a distance of 70 meters, they opened up”, the group said in a statement.

The one poacher was shot dead and another seriously injured. The wounded poacher and his two accomplices escaped.

The patrol managed to retrieve four elephant tusks, a hunting rifle and ammunition.

“The deceased poacher was well known, having been convicted in October 2016 for illegal hunting, but was out on bail,” the statement said. “The wounded poacher will soon be found.”

Earlier this month game rangers discovered at least 10 elephants poisoned in and around Hwange by poachers using cyanide. Three suspects were arrested.

International

  1. Ban Trophy Hunting just posted an update on Boycott Under Armour until they Stop Killing Wildlife! – Take the Pledge!

The American Killer Couple sponsored by Under Armour: Lee & Tiffany Lakosky

Feel free to express your opinion on their various social media pages: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LeeAndTiffany / Twitter: https://twitter.com/ TheCrushTV Website: http://www.thecrush.tv/

  1. USA: Your Typical American Trophy Hunting Couple – Alissa and Adam Zank

By the way, the woman is a clinical social worker. This is what she said after proudly killing a baited black bear 3 days ago: Finally connected on an animal in Alaska with my Hoyt Faktor (bow) last night : ) This guy came in after we had freshened the baits with Bait Em 907 Alaska’s Black Bear Bait & Lure Company. He could not resist and came in 30 seconds after getting up in the tree stand…

Read the full update here

  1. Another American Trophy Killer Couple – Cassi and Dominic Nickles

Cassi Nickles’ own child died as an infant in 2014. One might think Cassi would stop and think, but she does not care and obsessively keeps on murdering wildlife for fun.
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/cassi.west.5

  1. Under Armour Hunt

This is what they are about: “UA Hunt is within the Outdoor Division of Under Armour. A bunch of Athletes who live to hunt!” Feel free to check out their facebook page and express your opinion: https://www.facebook.com/UAHunt/ The caption of this photo was: Sun setting on a day well-spent. #RidgeReaper

Read the full update here.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

 Saving the World’s rarest Wolf

Red wolves are once again facing extinction in the wild and they need your support to ensure their future.

Red wolves once called the entire Southeast home. Roaming from the Texan plains, down into the swamps of Florida and up into the Midwest, the red wolf’s entire historical range fell within the boundaries of the United States. Truly the “All-American wolf,” Canis rufus can now only be found in one small area of North Carolina where it was reintroduced by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 1987 after being officially declared extinct in the wild in 1980. Despite these efforts to regain a foothold for the species in the wild, recent politically-fueled attacks and popular misconceptions have largely undone recovery efforts. Now fewer than 45 red wolves remain in North Carolina, and they are once again facing extinction in the wild.

The Mystery of the Red Wolf

What exactly is a red wolf, genetically speaking? There are two popular theories (among others). The first, and more widely held theory, argues that the red wolf evolved from an ancient wolf, which branched off into three distinct species—coyotes, eastern wolves, and red wolves—thousands of years ago. The alternative theory, the hybrid argument, contends that the red wolf is 75 percent gray wolf and 25 percent coyote. Under this theory, it is held that, as settlers killed off Southeastern gray wolves, the remaining populations bred with coyotes, producing today’s red wolf. The debate about the red wolf’s origin is ongoing and is unlikely to be resolved anytime soon (several scientists are preparing to publish a paper rebutting a recent hybrid study). At this point, what we know for certain is that the red wolf is the best example we have of a large Southeastern wolf; it plays a hugely important role in the ecosystem; and, under both theories, it is protected under the Endangered Species Act.

Restoring Balance in the Southeast

Just as the wolves of Yellowstone are shown to balance the ecosystems of the West, red wolves have similar positive impacts on the landscape of the Southeast. Anecdotal evidence suggests that because red wolves prey on the weak and sick, the surviving deer herd in the red wolf recovery area, is healthier, the bucks have grown larger, and their racks are bigger. Since red wolves also eat small predators, like raccoons and opossum, ground nesting critters like turkey, quail and songbirds are flourishing. For the same reason, when red wolves were placed on islands to acclimate them to the wild, sea turtle survival rates were also higher. There is no evidence indicating that red wolves have precipitated a “wildlife disaster” in the recovery area, as some opponents of the recovery effort have claimed.

Crying Wolf Over Hybridization

The best available science shows that hybridization—when red wolves mate with coyotes—is not the most significant threat to red wolf recovery. In fact, a recent study showed that “hybrids composed only four percent of individuals” in a large-scale study area. These hybridization events, though rare, also usually occur as a matter of necessity. With so few red wolves on the landscape, when a wolf is shot—which, to date, is the leading cause of red wolf deaths—its mate often has no choice but to pair bond with a coyote. On the other hand, when red wolves are within stable, healthy numbers, as they were about a decade ago, they push out and suppress coyotes, since they have no need for them. So, ultimately it’s something of a numbers game. The more red wolves we have, the fewer coyotes.

The Real Threat

By far the most significant challenge to red wolf recovery is simply the way in which red wolves are being managed. Since the program’s inception, red wolves were managed by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) biologists, working on the ground in Manteo, North Carolina. The program grew from 14 founders to nearly 150 wolves, and for a time, red wolves seemed poised for regional expansion. Sadly, this all changed due to shifting politics.

Succumbing to pressure from the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission and a few private landowners, FWS regional administrators stripped the recovery biologists of management control. Then they reassigned the red wolf recovery coordinator; abandoned the adaptive management strategy; virtually eliminated poaching enforcement (to date, dozens of red wolves have been killed, and no one has been prosecuted); allowed some landowners to shoot wolves; and began removing red wolves from private property. Consequently, around 75 wolves were lost in just two to three years.

A Disastrous Proposal

Adding insult to injury, the FWS has also proposed significantly scaling back the wild red wolf recovery effort. In particular, the agency has proposed shrinking the red wolf recovery area by almost ninety percent, confining one or two wolf packs to the Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge and Dare County Bombing Range, and removing all other red wolves to zoos. As justification, the agency said that the captive population of red wolves is not secure, and to safeguard them, resources must be diverted from wild red wolves. The science does not support this whatsoever. In fact, the scientists whose study the agency relied upon condemned this proposal, stating that it was full of “alarming misinterpretations” and “will no doubt result in extinction of red wolves in the wild.”

What We’re Doing About It

Defenders has launched an exhaustive outreach campaign throughout the Southeast. We’ve held dozens of red wolf events, reaching thousands of people, and this much is clear: people care deeply about red wolves. In fact, a recent survey concluded that over 80 percent of North Carolinians believe that the FWS should do whatever it takes to recover red wolves. Defenders will continue to leverage this sweeping public support. We will also continue to develop landowner incentives for those who manage their land in a manner beneficial to red wolves, urge FWS administrators to recommit to full red wolf recovery in the wild, work with elected officials to revitalize the recovery effort, and inspire Defenders’ supporters to act on behalf of the world’s rarest wolf.

What You Can Do About It

Ten years ago, the red wolf recovery program was, even by the FWS’s admission, “remarkably successful.” We can achieve that level of success again, with your help.

Source: http://www.defendersblog.org/2017/06/saving-worlds-rarest-wolf/ 

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 140

The Wolves are Coming
by Sloane Jensen

The wolves are coming…

Their feet are falling on forgotten paths, their long-lost voices are filling the sky. While their yellow eyes cut through the night, they leave their tracks on the muddy riversides.

The wolves are coming…

The forest whispers of their return, of their attempt to restore themselves in Creation, to weave themselves back into the web of life that connects all living things.

The wolves are coming…

Their teeth are seeking out their pray tonight, the deer and the elk, the cattle and sheep, and they will leave blood and bones scattered in their wake. Yet meat is what they need, so on meat they must feed.

The wolves are coming…

Some of us will greet them with traps and bullets, others of us with songs and drums. Some will say “Welcome home brother.” others will say “Be gone killer!”

The wolves are coming…

Some of them will come alone, others will come in packs. Gray wolves, black wolves, brown wolves, silver wolves, even white wolves, all coming back, back to the lands they once roamed.

The wolves are coming…

Some of us will like it, some of us will not. Some of us will stalk them with cameras, and others of us will stalk them with guns. And then we tremble if they stalk us.

The wolves are coming…

They are clothed in mystery and majesty, surrounded by our love and hate. They wander through our thoughts and dreams, and they appear in our stories and legends.

The wolves are coming…

Their young will play in the meadows, the old ones will doze in the sun, and the alphas will watch over them both, for they are not just a pack, but a family.

The wolves are coming…

Now their howls are echoing in the mountains, carried by the cold winds down into our logging camps, our real estate developments, our cities, and our delusions of conquest.

The wolves are coming…

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

It’s a lovely day today – the weaver birds are busy building new nests, the sun is shining, it’s nice and warm outside with just a gentle wind going, und the buds on the trees in my garden are ready to burst. It feels like early spring, and if we can rely on our gardener’s gut feeling, and believe me, he is much more reliable in his weather forecasts than the weather news on TV, the end of winter is very close. Well, it suits me fine, although I have to admit that this has been anything but real winter. Anyway, to me anything below 25 Celsius is cold, and I’m running around dressed like an Eskimo – winter is not my cup of tea.

Otherwise not much has happened during the past few weeks. The furry kids are all fine, no complaints on that front. Ascar II still sticks to his newly achieved good behaviour (o.k., every now and then he suffers from sudden memory loss, but just for a short moment and then a reminding look from Ted or me is enough the kick his memory back into action). He has calmed down quite a bit I must say – he even has discovered that being brushed is actually very nice, and he and Kajack II fall over each other when they see Ted with the brush, because everyone wants to be first in line. Taima has no understanding for that; to her the brush is the scariest thing in the world and she snaps at it the moment Ted closes in on her with that evil thing. She even tries to keep Ascar and Kajack away from it, growling at them, Ted and the brush, but I think she mostly wonders why they like it so much, and she can clearly see that it doesn’t cause any harm to either of them. I had hoped that when she watches the two being brushed and fully enjoying it she would somehow change her mind and give it a try too, but no luck on that front. But, I’m not giving up hope – I mean, it took her three years of her life to discover how nice it is to cuddle up with us. Usually she came every now and then for a pat, but that was all. Then suddenly, she started to come into bed in the morning, rolling up into a fur ball between Ted and me, or dishing out little kisses. Today she creeps under Ted’s blanket, playing the “duck” (head down, butt up in the air), rolling around making the funniest noises, not getting enough of hugging and kissing and patting. It also took her years to accept even our closest friends in the house without disappearing into thin air for the length of their visits. As you can see, it’s never too late to hope for the better when it comes to her.

Ascar also took a long time to learn that cuddling up with us is something enjoyable. He has always been friendly with other people coming to the house, inspecting them from toe to head in great detail (he seems to have a special liking for the shampoos and/or conditioners people use; he always sticks his nose into their hair and investigates the scent), but he wasn’t really one to cuddle with and pat. He enjoyed lying in bed in the evening before sleeping time, but the moment we went to bed he was out. On the other hand he did not like it when we cuddled with Kajack who is the real cuddly type and can rest his (very heavy) head on your lap for hours on end, wanting to be stroked gently all the time. In such situations Ascar always came, pushed Kajack aside and chased him away – not because he wanted to be patted too, but only to divert our attention away from him. Now he sleeps in bed between Ted’s and my feet, wakes us up with little kisses (o.k., he is still practicing and is coming in a bit too fast and close, so that a kiss is rather half of a face wash, but he will get there I’m sure), wants to be stroked and hugged, and when we cuddle with Kajack he will come and join us instead of chasing him away. All in all I must say that the harmony within the pack has improved a big deal over the past year, and that proves once again that patience, tolerance and understanding are the key to success.

Will be continued…

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Volume 12, Issue 152, June 2017

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 12, Issue 152, June 2017

From the Editor’s Desk

We have a bumper issue for you this month. In fact, it felt as though we would never finish it.

The news section is dominated, as usual, by ridiculous and sick attempts to reduce wildlife to something you find in books in the US. Read for yourself what some misguided, wisdom-free Senators, and their armed forces, the Fish and Wildlife Service, have come up with. Also, a saddening instance of poaching occurred in Yellowstone National Park that must upset every friend of the wolf. America Worst is the slogan I would subscribe to, and that is not much alleviated by the fact that a few decent people rightfully celebrate the birth of a few Red Wolf cubs in captivity.

We furthermore have very interesting contributions (sic, plural) in the Wolves and Wolfdogs section, including a historical snippet on the wolf that took revenge for the murder of his family.

Wolves and people is the subject of a brief, yet impressive statement by a native Cherokee that highlights the emotional turmoil wolves and Amerindians share.

Erin kept quiet for this issue, which means everything is in order there.

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

Say Yes to New Adventures!

International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs.

 

Wolves After Dark
June 30 – July 1

Here’s your opportunity to participate in a “Citizen Science” project and document important behavioural data critical to understanding the Exhibit Pack dynamics.
Learn more here.

Tracking the Pack

August 18-20

Learn about the tools biologists use in the field to locate and study wild wolves. Then we’ll take you in our bus to test your new skills with our telemetry equipment to search for that elusive radio collar signal!
Learn more.

Wine, Women, and Wolves: Boundary Waters Adventure
September 15-17

Join us for a fun, relaxing weekend learning about wolves and the north woods while enjoying the company of women who have the same hectic routine as you!
Learn more.

Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

News from the Wolf Front

National

From The Lupus Foundation SA (http://www.wolfsa.org.za)

I guess everybody of you had heard of the major winter storm and the associated wildfires  that hit Cape Town and the whole Cape region recently. Unfortunately the Tsitsikamma Wolf Sanctuary, The Lupus Foundation, was hit quite hard as well.

Roofs of staff member houses were damaged, water pipes burst due to the pressure from overflowing tanks, the fences of three enclosures came down, which means that new poles must be planted and new fences put up, and the electric wiring and the bits and pieces that go with that are also damaged.

Thankfully the furry ones are o.k.

The sanctuary had to close for at least one day for the safety of the wolves and visitors, which means more loss of money that is urgently needed to repair all the broken things. So please, if you can spare a few Rands – every amount, small or large, is welcome and appreciated.

If you wish to donate – Thank You in the name of the wolves.

Please make donations to
The Lupus Foundation
Nedbank, Claremont
Branch Number: 104609
Account Number: 2046548558 (Savings Account)

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

USA: A traumatic loss for wolves in Yellowstone

It’s happened again. Another wolf – a stunning white, alpha female – has been killed. It is with a heavy heart that I share this tragic news out of Yellowstone National Park. We learned late last week that the matriarch of the Canyon pack was illegally shot.

This merciless killing, within what should have been the safe boundaries of Yellowstone, is utterly despicable.

Donate now to help Defenders fight back against tragedies like these: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=17HKew8kAGrlxdRRA-BhMQ

Defenders is working harder than ever to fight anti-wolf extremism. We continue to advocate for expanded buffer zones around Yellowstone so that wolves who stray outside the park may still be protected. We encourage state agencies to enhance outreach efforts. And we work on the ground to educate local communities about the value of wolves on the landscape – and the ways in which landowners and wolves can coexist.

This beautiful wolf, together with the pack’s alpha male, had at least 20 pups over their more than nine years together. Along with the other wolves of Yellowstone, they helped the entire ecosystem, restoring and maintaining balance in the wild.

News like this sends a clear signal that we have so much left to do in the fight to protect the creatures we love.

Help us keep up the fight. Support Defenders’ life-saving work today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=S_jLVEgRF3zyfNAhfyChhg

Thank you for all you do.

From Change.org (www.change.org)

  1. USA: Yellowstone wants wolf killer, bounty now up to $25,000!

Anyone with info call the ISB tip line

$25, 000 Reward for info on the poacher that shot this wolf in Yellowstone.
The National Park Service is asking anyone with information about the incident to call the ISB tip line, (888) 653-0009. Callers may remain anonymous.

  1. Helping this migrant shepherd means helping the wolf!

(translated here from German)

“It’s always the pro-wolf people who help, not the anti-wolf ones“, that’s what shepherd Neumann once said. Today I ask you to please help a migrant shepherd who wants to protect his sheep using herding dogs, but animal protection laws don’t allow it. To sign this petition you have to register first, but please don’t let this become an obstacle: https://www.change.org/p/wolf-pumpak-muss-weiterleben/u/20397737?utm_medium=email&utm_source=78345&utm_campaign=petition_update&sfmc_tk=ZMQD0jFXES6MURtngxf3yCEbPzCaA6S7mJZujwzXQtrL2r2zyXVE60q%2bgeVabLWA

This is what he has to say:
”My name is Sven de Vries. Presently I’m caring for 650 mother sheep at the southeastern fringes of the Swabian Alp. I have been following the discussions around the migration of wolves in Germany for quite some time. With a petition directed at the government I’m trying to speed up changes to the animal protection law for dogs, which so far makes it impossible in many areas to use herding dogs as protection of our sheep without committing an offense.

“Generally speaking, I have a rather “neutral” attitude regarding the wolf, but its spread and the numerous reports about killed sheep have also caused some fear
inside of me that my sheep could also become victims one day.
”I’m migrating with my sheep, and almost every night I lock them in at another place using mobile electric fences. There are many trials to create a relatively secure protection with mobile electric fences alone, but a combination of herding dogs and this method would surely be much more effective.
”It is my responsibility to protect my sheep from any harm and illness. A herd trusts its shepherd, follows him through difficult terrain, traffic, and accepts me as part of the herd.

“I want to live up to this responsibility and am concerned I might not to be able to. While wild animals can run away or hide from wolves I present them an unprotected herd.

“But it’s not just about sheep that might be killed, but also about the fact that sheep are very sensitive and fearful animals. One attack will often scare a herd for months after, and I neither have the strength nor the staff to be with the sheep all night, too, to protect them or guide an intimidated and suspicious herd through the difficult terrains of today’s cultivated landscapes.

“Herding dogs could protect my sheep, and they have been bred for exactly that purpose for hundreds, if not thousands, of years.

”But the animal protection law for dogs prescribes that a protection hut be made available to them, and that no electric fencing be used. But without electricity, the fence won’t protect my sheep from breaking out or stop the wolf from breaking in.

“It is practically impossible for a migrating shepherd to carry 3 or 4 huts with him every day and to set these up in difficult terrain. Besides of that, experiences made in Switzerland have shown that these herding dogs don’t use these shelters, because they impede their view.

“From my point of view experienced shepherds should be permitted to use herding dogs to protect their herds. I cannot really understand the current discussion, because almost all arguments lack concern for our sheep and are blown out of proportion.

“Through our sheep, we also conserve the favourite environment of the wolves, we create and conserve smaller and larger natural paradises, and if we are supposed to accept the wolf in these areas, we must be allowed to protect our herds.

Adequate protection, so that we and our sheep can sleep at night without having to worry about an attack all the time.

„Almost 100,000 people were prepared to help the wolf Pumpak, and I think that the protection of our sheep should be as important and worth as many signatures to the pro-wolf people in Germany.

“We need your support now and no trench-fighting that doesn’t help the one or the other side in the end.

Thank you!“

  1. Germany: We are the biggest petition for the Wolf there has ever been!

(translated here from German)

Dear wolf lovers and supporters of the petition, “With people! – For the Wolf!”,

You want to be part of a better protection of wolves? You would like the public to be informed about wolves in a matter-of-fact and honest way in the future? You would like to personally participate in it and help? But you don’t know how? Very easy!

Recently, I, together with a few wolf lovers from Vechta, have founded the non-profit Wolf Information and Protection Center Vechta e.V. (WISZV)!

Our main goals are the matter-of-fact and truthful information of the public, and the protection of wolves in Lower Saxony in particular and Germany in general. This is the biggest petition for the Wolf there has ever been in Germany.

Let’s use this strength for the wolves here in Lower-Saxony and Germany by making WISZV an even stronger representative for all our wolves!

Presently there are still many important things we don’t have yet to make this possible. For example we need a efficient computer for research and club management, a laptop for field work, capturing biological data, and lectures. A vehicle to get to the wolves and to schools for lectures, and much more.

We will therefore be happy about every Euro you can spare. Every donation will go directly towards the protection of wolves!

Account details

Wolf-Informations-und Schutz-Zentrum-Vechta e.V.

Commerzbank Vechta

IBAN DE74 2804 2865 0630 0719 00

BIC COBADEFFXXX

You can find more information at http://www.w-i-s-z-v.de

Many Thanks in the name of the wolves,

Your Jan Olsson
Read the full update here (in German).

  1. Germany: The Goldenstedt she-wolf and her cubs are in grave danger!

(translated here from German)

Dear Wolf lovers and supporters of the petition “With people! – For the Wolf!”,

There are three potentially lethal dangers threatening our she-wolf and other wolves.

  1. The secretive threat – the cups of the she wolf are in danger! She had a litter in 2016 and her cubs have “disappeared” (or been killed). Now she has given birth again, and we are very concerned about their wellbeing.
  2. The deceitful threat – Poisoned baits!

We have been informed about the possibility of baits being placed within the territory of the she-wolf. If these are poisoned baits she, the male, and the cubs are in mortal danger to die an agonizing death from poison!

  1. The “legal“ threat – Collaring our wolves!

There are plans to collar at least one wolf of every pack in Lower Saxony! That would be a death sentence for our she-wolf and many other wolves in Lower Saxony as they could be made to serve as Judas wolves. The only wolves in Lower Saxony that had been collared so far and the cubs of she-wolf FT10 were all dead by 2016!

Jan Olsson, who had started the petition, and a few wolf lovers from Vechta have founded the Wolf Information and Protection Center Vechta e.V. to protect the wolves in Goldenstedt/Vechta and Lower-Saxony.

They still desperately need some vital equipment (e.g., radios) to protect the wolves from deadly dangers. Please to all of you, participate so that the cubs of our she-wolf will have a chance to survive this year and other wolves in Lower Saxony can raise their cubs, too!

Every donation, no matter how small, will be very welcome.
Account details:

Wolf-Informations-und Schutz-Zentrum-Vechta e.V.

Commerzbank Vechta

IBAN DE74 2804 2865 0630 0719 00

BIC COBADEFFXXX

Get more information at http://www.w-i-s-z-v.de

Read full updates here (in German).

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Feds Propose Changing Protections for World’s Last Wild Red Wolves

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) is considering changes to the existing protections for the world’s last population of wild red wolves. Fewer than 35 remain.

The federal agency’s proposed rule intends to revise the existing non-essential experimental population designation of red wolves in North Carolina under section 10(j) of the Endangered Species Act to allow significant changes in the size, scope and management of the current red wolf recovery program.

The rule includes the Service’s plan to allow pulling the last wild red wolves from most of their range in North Carolina to put them in captivity. Ironically, the federal agency claimed its decision was “based on the best and latest scientific information” from the red wolf Population Viability Analysis (PVA).

But the very scientists who drafted the PVA charge that USFWS based its plan on “many alarming misinterpretations” of their scientific analysis and warn that USFWS’s plan “will no doubt result in the extinction of red wolves in the wild.” In a letter they ask the agency to “edit or append” its decision.

The WCC is currently reviewing the proposed rule and will be participating during the public comment period. Stay tuned…

Learn more at http://nywolf.org/learn/the-red-wolf

  1. USA: Wolf Conservation Center Welcomes Critically Endangered Wolf Pups

Endangered Mexican Wolf Pups Born at the WCC!

A critically endangered Mexican gray wolf living at the Wolf Conservation Center (WCC) made a priceless contribution to the recovery of her rare and at-risk species – she had pups! On May 22, Mexican gray wolf F1226 (affectionately nicknamed Belle by supporters) gave birth to a litter of three pups – each no larger than a Russet potato. This is the second litter born to mom (age six), and dad, (age nine).

Although F1226 is currently keeping her newborns out of sight, WCC staff anticipates the precious pups will begin to emerge in a few weeks and be visible to a global audience via live webcams.

Beyond being “adorable,” the pocket-sized predators represent the Center’s active participation in an effort to save a species on the brink of extinction.

The WCC is one of more than 50 institutions in the U.S. and Mexico participating in the Mexican Wolf Species Survival Plan – a bi-national initiative whose primary purpose is to support the reestablishment of Mexican wolves in the wild through captive breeding, public education, and research.

Because the entire existing Mexican wolf population descended from just seven founders rescued from extinction, genetic health is the primary consideration governing not only reproductive pairings, but also captive-to-wild release efforts. Although both components are equally critical to Mexican wolf recovery, release events are far less frequent than successful breeding.

In recent positive steps toward recovery, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) has been ushering genetically diverse captive wolf pups into the wild through its pup-fostering initiative. Pup-fostering is a coordinated event where captive-born pups are introduced into a similar-aged wild litter so the pups can grow up as wild wolves.

Mexican wolf F1226’s newborns are not eligible for wild-foster, the timing of the litter is relatively late compared to wild-born pups.

“Although we hoped pups from our center would receive the ‘call of the wild’,” said Rebecca Bose, WCC Curator,  “We’re elated that there have been foster events from other facilities this year! Pup-fostering is an incredibly effective tool for augmenting the genetic health of the wild population.”

“Maybe next year some lobo pups from the WCC will get this amazing opportunity,” said Maggie Howell, WCC Executive Director. “In the meantime, we’re counting on USFWS to continue with releases beyond pup season because recovery demands releasing more family groups into the wild too.”

The wolf parents and pups are not on public exhibit, but thirteen live webcams accessible via the WCC website, invite an unlimited number of viewers to enter the private lives of these elusive creatures. Learn more.

Consider A Puppy Shower Donation! Go to https://nywolf.org/index.php?option=com_civicrm&view=Contributions&Itemid=212&lang=en for more details

  1. USA: Threatened wolves shouldn’t have to wait any longer for protection. Please help.

Protect Threatened Eastern Wolves

Although there are no viable wolf populations in the northeastern United States at this time, the return of wolves to eastern ecosystems remains of critical importance. Ensuring that at-risk wolves north of the border are federally protected is an essential step to allow the return of the eastern wolf in the USA.

The Canadian Government is backlogged with changes to species-at-risk and have proposed an eastern wolf management plan… almost 10 years late.

The wolves should not have to wait any longer for protection.

Please help strengthen the plan now. Comments are due TODAY.

Take Action at http://wolvesontario.org/mp-comment/

 

  1. USA: Livestream Video of WCC’s Rare Mexican Wolf Pups Reach Over 1 Million People

Endangered Mexican Wolf Pups Debut on Webcam

A critically endangered Mexican gray wolf living at the Wolf Conservation Center (WCC) made a priceless contribution to the recovery of her rare and at-risk species last month – she had pups! On May 22, Mexican gray wolf F1226 (affectionately nicknamed Belle) gave birth to a trio of little girls.

Stashing her pups in a nest among the thick brush, F1226 had been keeping her brood out of sight. However, to the delight of a global audience, the pups debuted via live den-cam early Thursday morning!

Within an hour after the WCC announced the pups’ debut on Facebook via live-stream video, the noisy newborns had unknowingly crept into the homes and hearts of hundreds of thousands of well-wishers! By day’s end, the livestream video feed reached over one million people!

“Beyond being adorable, these pups represent our active participation in an effort to save a species on the brink of extinction, “said Maggie Howell, WCC Executive Director. “That so many people are watching and learning about our efforts to save this critical keystone species has of over the moon!”

The WCC is one of over 50 facilities in the U.S. and Mexico participating in the Mexican Wolf Species Survival Plan – a bi-national initiative whose primary purpose is to support the reestablishment of Mexican wolves in the wild through captive breeding, public education, and research.

Currently 13 Mexican wolves call the WCC home. In the U.S., there is a single wild population comprising only 113 individuals – an increase from the 97 counted at the end of 2015.

Mexican Wolf Pup Webcam at http://nywolf.org/index.php/webcams/webcam-mexican-gray-wolves-f810-and-m1133

From Take Action (action=endangered.org@mail.salsalabs.net; on behalf of; Leda Huta, Endangered Species Coalition (action@endangered.org)

USA: Take action for America’s most endangered wolf

Red wolves once roamed the south-eastern United States from Florida to Pennsylvania and as far west as Texas, but were hunted to the brink of extinction in the early to mid 1900s. Efforts to recover them have brought them slowly back, but the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS) has made decisions along the way that have slowed or completely stopped that progress. Now, they are beginning a scoping process to move forward with the plan they proposed in September – near-total abandonment of red wolves in the wild.

Submit your comment in support of real wolf recovery and against the USFWS plan to give up on wild wolves: http://org2.salsalabs.com/dia/track.jsp?v=2&c=W7M31xlL0eIkqTBOgYiGssxNZ4eUHNtL

In September, the USFWS announced their plan to reduce the range of red wolves to an area suitable for only one mated pair of red wolves. In short, FWS is proposing to reduce the most endangered canid in North America to a few individuals, and place the rest of these now wild wolves into captivity.

This proposal ignores the years of successful coexistence between North Carolinians and red wolves, who are not a threat to livestock and are native to the region. These wolves belong in the wild, not in conservation centers that have indicated they have limited capacity to take them.

The USFWS is asking for feedback (http://org2.salsalabs.com/dia/track.jsp?v=2&c=nLkWyjU8LuuJKoUZmWue7MxNZ4eUHNtL) on this plan before they start moving it forward, and you have an opportunity to tell FWS it is unacceptable to abandon red wolves (http://org2.salsalabs.com/dia/track.jsp?v=2&c=KHz%2FjlObMYTxNAz%2FJJsn3cxNZ4eUHNtL), and discourage them from moving forward with their proposed plan.

Please take action today by submitting your comment opposing this plan and supporting real, positive steps that the USFWS can take to prevent this unique and ecologically valuable species from disappearing: http://org2.salsalabs.com/dia/track.jsp?v=2&c=9IhKLeCA69Tj2ceAcmTN2sxNZ4eUHNtL

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places
From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – April 1-30, 2017

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at

www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf.

Past updates may be viewed on either website, or interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf telemetry flight location information please visit www.bit.do/mexicanwolf or www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/RWL.cfm.

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) met with the South-western Regional Office of the Forest Service on April 13 to discuss communication and the status of National Environmental Policy Act compliance for release sites in Zone 1 of the 2015 10j Rule.

On April 17, the USFWS met with the states of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah; Federal agencies in Mexico and the Forest Service to review model runs for population viability analysis of the Mexican wolf.

On April 18, the Department of Justice filed the 6-month progress report to the court in compliance with the Stipulated Settlement Agreement for revision of the Mexican wolf recovery plan.

On April 26, the USFWS attended the oral arguments before the District Court Judge in Tucson, Arizona regarding litigation on the revised 10j Rule and associated Environmental Impact Statement.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) indicate wolves younger than 24 months or pups. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year. This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

During annual year-end population counts, the IFT documented a minimum of 113 Mexican wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico at the end of 2016. At the end of April, there were 61 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.

Wolves with functioning radio collars are listed by studbook number in the pack updates below.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338 and AF1335)

In April, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory in the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF). They have displayed localized behaviour consistent with denning.

Bluestem Pack (collared fp1562, fp1563 and mp1574)

In April, the Bluestem Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. Male pup 1574, showed dispersal behaviour and travelled outside of traditional Bluestem territory to the south. Female pup 1562 appears to be travelling alone. The IFT documented the breeding pair AF1042 and AM1341 together with F1489 and fp1563 using remote cameras. The Bluestem Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory during April.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, mp1471, mp1474 and fp1473)

In April, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF. The pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning during the month of April.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In April, F1443 and m1447 were documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico. Localized movements and observations by the IFT indicate the pack initiated denning in April.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038)

The Hawks Nest Pack consists of one collared wolf, AM1038. AM1038 was not located during the month of April.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, m1441, fp1550 and f1567)

In March, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the ASNF. The pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning during the month of April.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In April, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF. Localized movements from AF1291 during April were consistent with denning behaviour.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, AM1382, mp1483, fp1484 and mp1486)

In April, the Panther Creek Pack was located in the east central portion of the ASNF. Bluestem M1382 continued to be located travelling with AF1339 and is now considered to be the alpha male of the pack. Pups mp1483, fp1484, and mp1486 have been traveling separately from the rest of the pack. Male pup 1486 has been documented traveling in the Gila National Forest in NM. Male pup 1483 has been traveling between Arizona and New Mexico and fp1484 has been travelling mostly alone in Arizona, occasionally meeting up with mp1483. Denning behaviour was not documented for the Panther Creek Pack in April.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared F1488)

In April, F1488 and an unknown wolf continued to travel together within a territory in the east-central portion of the ASNF. The pair has remained together for over three months and is now considered a pack. This pack did not display denning behaviour in April.

Saffel Pack (collared F1567 and M1441)

In April, the pair 1567 and 1441 has been documented together for three months and is now considered the Saffel Pack. They have been holding territory in the north central portion of the ASNF, north of the traditional territory of the Hoodoo Pack. The pack has displayed behaviour consistent with denning during the month of April.

ON THE FAIR:

Diamond Pack (collared f1557, mp1559, fp1560, fp1570, mp1571 and mp1572)

In April, the Diamond Pack was located in the northern portion of the ASNF and on state lands north of the ASNF. Male pup 1572 was translocated back into the Diamond territory on the northern portion of the ANSF in Arizona after successful rehabilitation at the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, and has been travelling alone in that same area. mp1572 was initially removed from the wild in March to be provided veterinary care after having been located lame.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343 and AF1283)

In April, the Tsay-o-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

Baldy Pack

The Baldy Pack was not located during the month of April.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278 and mp1556)

During April, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF). The Iron Creek Pack did not display denning behaviour during April.

Lava Pack (collared F1405 and AM1285)

During April, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south eastern portion of the GNF. The Lava Pack displayed denning behaviour in late April.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346 and mp1561)

During April, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness. The Leopold Pack did not display denning behaviour during April.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158 and AF1487)

During April, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the Gila National Forest.  The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce potential for livestock depredations. In late-April the IFT documented denning behaviour in the Luna Pack.

Mangas Pack (collared M1296 and F1439)

During April, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north western portion of the GNF.  In late-April, the Mangas pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning.

New Pair (collared F1444 and M1386)

During April, F1444 and M1386 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF. The pair did not display denning behaviour during April.

New Pair (collared F1456 and M1354)

During April, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF.  This pair has shown signs of denning behaviour towards the end of April.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, M1398 and fp1565)

During April, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. The Prieto Pack did not display denning behaviour during April.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399)

During April, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF. In late-April the IFT documented denning behaviour.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284 and F1553)

During April, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The SBP Pack has shown signs of denning behaviour towards the end of April.

Willow Springs Pack (collared F1397)

During April, the IFT documented the Willow Springs Pack within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF. F1397 slipped its collar in April.

Single collared AM1155

During April, AM1155 was documented travelling within New Mexico.

Single collared M1455

During April, m1455 travelled throughout east-central portions of the GNF and southern portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared M1552

During April, M1552 travelled throughout north-eastern portions of the GNF and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared m1569

During April, m1569 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the CNF.

MORTALITIES

There were no documented mortalities during the month of April.

INCIDENTS

During the month of April, there were three confirmed wolf depredations on livestock and no nuisance reports.

On April 11, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Socorro County, NM. The investigation determined the bull was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 15, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 15, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On April 20, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Socorro County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was killed by coyotes.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On April 6, the Fish and Wildlife Service held a community meeting in Heber, Arizona on the status of the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program. The Forest Service and Arizona Game and Fish Department were also in attendance.

On April 7, the Fish and Wildlife Service held a community meeting in Young, Arizona on the status of the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program. The Arizona Game and Fish Department was also in attendance.

On April 7, the IFT gave a presentation on Mexican wolf biology, management and reintroduction efforts to a Becoming an Outdoors Woman Camp in the Prescott, AZ area.

On April 26, the Fish and Wildlife Service gave a presentation on the status of the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program at the Tribal ESA meeting in Ak-Chin, Arizona.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

In April, USFWS volunteer/intern Rachael Nickerson completed her commitment with the program to further her career and experience in Oregon. Thanks for all your help!

In April, Amy Fontaine began her position with the program as a USFWS volunteer/intern. Welcome to the program Amy!

In April, Nick Riso began his position with the program as a USFWS volunteer/intern. Welcome to the program Nick!

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at(505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at(800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

Other News

National

From SanWild Wildlife Trust (lizel=sanwild.org@mail10.suw13.rsgsv.net); on behalf of; SanWild Wildlife Trust (lizel@sanwild.org)

  1. Saving Josh
    No matter who tells you what; or what arguments you may hear to justify the trophy hunting of rhinos, no rhino wants to die and Josh is no exception. His life is just starting and he is in his prime, but despite being a young, healthy rhino ready to start breeding , he has been condemned to die in a trophy hunt unless you and I do what is necessary prevent his death.

*FIRST THEY TOOK HIS HORN, NOW THEY WANT HIS LIFE!

Through a third party we have secured the right to buy Josh to save his life by means of a legal sales agreement and have three weeks to make good on the terms of the contract.

If there was any other way to do it, we would have opted to not buy him from the very people that have no problem seeing him die a painful death, but there simply is no other option!

From past experience we know the only sure and most effective way to save dehorned rhinos that are already offered up for trophy hunting is to buy them and relocate them to the safety of Intensive Protection Zones where they are physically protected against poaching.

Josh, like Big Boy was advertised on trophy hunting website.  Crazy enough to believe that together we can change the world, we once again call on you to join us and help save Josh from being hunted.

Once secured and relocated to safety these rescued rhinos are free to live in the wild where they belong to contribute to the overall survival of their species.  Protected and secure with their “ownership” in a registered Wildlife Trust they will never ever be traded, dehorned or hunted ever again.

Please get involved and help us save one rhino at a time!

For more information please feel free to email me on louise@sanwild.org or phone me on +27 (0) 83 310 3882

Please do keep in mind that we only have three weeks to raise the funding needed and this appeal is time critical.

*Like many other rhinos in South Africa, Josh’s horn has also been removed supposedly to help protect him against possible poaching, but despite having his horn removed, it does grow back again over a period of time.

PERKS TO CLAIM:  Donors that donate $60 or more may claim any one of the two T-shirts on offer.  Donors that donate $120 or more may claim both.  For more information please email me on louise@sanwild.org

https://www.generosity.com/animal-pet-fundraising/saving-josh

 

  1. It is time to celebrate

We would like to thank each and every individual that have donated to our Saving Josh Campaign.  With your help not just one, but two rhinos have been spared a painful death at the hands of trophy hunters and on their behalf we would like to extend our sincere appreciation and gratitude.

In our quest to help rhinos we have met some wonderful people and what has been a heart-warming experience, is to realise that whether your donation is $1 or $100; it truly does make a huge difference.  It is evidently clear that ordinary people can achieve the extraordinary.  Slowly but surely our small circle of Rhino Warriors are growing and this makes us realise that we can beat the odds in favour of these majestic animals.  We can choose life instead of death for them and we will make it happen. Rhinos may not be the sharpest pencils in the box, but rhinos are beautiful, they are kind and they are loving and they deserve our protection and help.

Now let me tell you some more wonderful news and the mystery rhino we named Annie.

As if by some miracle, just as we lodged the Saving Josh Campaign we were contacted by someone who wanted to help rhinos; in particular rhinos that were offered up for trophy hunting.  They had seen our posting on Facebook and when we told them that Josh was not the only rhino offered up for hunting they indicated that they would be interested in more information.  Although we cannot share all the intimate details at this stage; we had further information that another rhino had arrived on this hunting farm and that she was a cow. Sadly all the other bulls that lived with Josh had already been killed in trophy hunts.

When we shared this information with them, they let us know almost immediately that they will help and that we should secure a sales agreement not only for Josh, but also for Annie so that both rhinos could be relocated to safety a.s.a.p.   Within days we had a personal visit from their representative so that they could verify personally that indeed the Intensive Protection Zones were up and running and that it was a bona fide project.  We were delighted when they let us know that they were happy with what they had found and that their donation was a sure thing.  They immediately put up the funding to pay the required deposit on the sales agreement, but made us promise that their identities will remain confidential.

Our sincere appreciation also go to these wonderful individuals.  In closing I want to let you all know that it is possible to become good friends on Google translate and although you guys may not quite get it; our anonymous friend will fully understand. What fun we had communicating!

We have applied for the relevant permits to move Josh and Annie a.s.a.p. and their capture and relocation is scheduled by month end.  We are expecting the permits to be issued in the course of next week. We will obviously keep you informed and will let you know when we are ready to go.  We have been informed that there is also a slight chance that Annie; like Nellie may be pregnant and when the pair is darted for capture and relocation the veterinarian in charge will take the necessary blood samples to confirm if she is.

We have had such an overwhelming and wonderful response on our Saving Josh Campaign that we will come out with some surplus funding and all of this will be allocated to the on-going upgrades of the high-tech perimeter fences of the Intensive Protection Zones.  It is not just important to rescue injured, orphaned or wounded rhinos; or those destined for trophy hunting; we have to also secure their new homes against poaching.

Our IPZ Generosity Campaign is of the utmost importance because without this type of security the rescued rhinos are in serious danger.

Have a wonderful day and thanks again so much for your support.

Lots of love

Louise Joubert

FOUNDER TRUSTEE OF SANWILD

 

From Change.org (www.change.org)

Karma: Big Game-Hunter dies after elephant falls on him

A professional big game hunter from Tzaneen, Theunis Botha, 51, died on Friday afternoon during a hunt in Gwai, Zimbabwe, when a member of his group fired at a storming elephant cow and the dying animal fell on him. RIP elephant!

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

1: USA: [VIDEO] The law our wildlife can’t afford to lose

The Endangered Species Act (ESA) is the bedrock law protecting the wildlife we love. It has been successful at keeping 99 percent of species listed from going extinct. But it’s also more than that. It’s the promise we make to our children and grandchildren to pass on our wildlife treasures to future generations.

But the ESA is under attack.

Please take a minute to watch our short video to learn more about this staple of wildlife conservation and why we desperately need to protect it: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=-Lg01jcT7E-dwU5IcDE27w

Powerful members of Congress and their corporate supporters have this incredible law in their sights.

You and I both know that their true intention is to dismantle the ESA – to take authority away from scientists and put it in the hands of Congress so that they can make decisions that help the special interests that line their campaign coffers.

Since 2015, more than 150 legislative measures have been introduced to undermine the ESA. And now, some in Congress are seeking to further undermine it by calling for “modernization” of this bedrock environmental law. In fact, we believe Senator Barrasso (R-WY) will introduce a bill to do just that in the coming weeks!

Senator Barrasso’s effort to rewrite the ESA must be stopped, and Defenders is preparing to respond to an all-out assault on the ESA this summer.

Without the ESA, it is estimated that 227 species would now be extinct. And extinction is forever. Species like the gray wolf, the bald eagle, the California condor, the North Atlantic right whale, the Florida panther and many more were all saved by the ESA.

Please watch this video to learn more about the ESA and why it’s so important to ensure its protection: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=79-Q090gWFgIwOVhESw_Dg

 

  1. USA: URGENT: The ESA is Under Fire

Congress may decide to kiss the polar bears goodbye. And the Florida manatees. And the grizzly bears. They may say farewell to red wolves. And the thousands of other species protected by the Endangered Species Act (ESA).

Powerful members of Congress and their corporate supporters have the ESA in their sights – and they’re preparing to launch an all-out assault on the nation’s most effective conservation law.

This could be a matter of life and death for the wildlife you love. Please donate today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=lGxOpR7eoCF79G2-_WRn8g

Now is, without a doubt, a critical time for the future of our planet and the wildlife that are already dangerously close to the brink of extinction. Since 2015, Congress has levelled more than 150 legislative attacks against the ESA.

This month, Senator Barrasso (R-WY) is expected to introduce a bill to rewrite the ESA, opening the door to harmful provisions that could undermine the law, strip it of its effectiveness and compromise the role of science in protecting endangered species.

This bill could deal the fatal blow to this landmark legislation and doom countless species.

Please, donate today to help Defenders fight back against this appalling decision and continue our mission to protect and restore imperilled species: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=GXzUOD5obr6yCAyzey49kA

The ESA has successfully protected 99 percent of listed species from going extinct. Without this crucial law, it is estimated that 227 species would now be lost to us forever.

The ESA is more than just a proven, effective means of safeguarding our most imperilled species. It is a promise to future generations to preserve our wildlife treasures.

Saving the wildlife you love from the threats in Washington is our highest priority – and frankly the best hope for saving the ESA lies with you.

Your financial support matters. Your voice matters.

Congress needs to be reminded that the ESA is an important symbol of America’s commitment to protecting wildlife and wild lands. To destroy it is to destroy our most precious legacy.

From Take Action! at GreaterGood Network (news@greatergood.com)

Pet food recalls

Pet food recalls have become a part of daily life—which is scary… not knowing if the food you so carefully pick for your pet is going to inadvertently hurt them or even kill them!

Clean Label Project wanted to know how contaminants were getting in our pets’ food. We took a closer look at over 900 of the bestselling pet food products—and had them tested at an ISO accredited laboratory for 130+ potentially life-threatening environmental and industrial toxins, like heavy metals, pesticides, BPA/BPS, and mycotoxins.

The results are shocking:

Lead – 16 times higher than Flint, Michigan’s drinking water.

Arsenic – 19 times higher than is found in cigarettes.

And worse…

None of these products were recalled.

We need your help to make the pet food industry change their ways—to stop slowly poisoning our pets. Please make a tax-deductible donation today to help us protect our nation’s pets.

Please go to: https://cleanlabelproject.z2systems.com/np/clients/cleanlabelproject/donation.jsp

Wolves and Wolfdogs

  1. Trying to Understand the Poaching of the Canyon Alpha Female

    by Rick Lamplugh, author and wolf advocate

The death by poaching of the Canyon pack’s alpha female angers and saddens me. In the few weeks before she was shot, the white wolf was spotted twice walking alone at night down a main street of Gardiner, bothering no one, heading north. After the first sighting, an informal network of locals formed to try and find the alpha female, watch her movements, and make sure no harm came to her. We spent hours hiking and driving just north of Gardiner. We kept each other informed via text, email, phone, and talking along the roadside. My friend Leo Leckie and I were lucky enough to see her early one morning, unharmed and moving through the sage just north of town, not far from where she was found shot a couple of weeks later.

That so many people immediately came together to try and protect a wolf that had stepped out of Yellowstone, speaks highly of Gardiner residents. Unfortunately there are other people who want to see wolves dead. This time the killers succeeded. Was the shooter a local? Someone from elsewhere? No one knows.

Gardiner, located at Yellowstone’s north gate, sits at the center of a wolf controversy. The town is bordered by two Wolf Management Units of Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks (MFWP). Wolves that step paw outside the park can be legally shot in those units during wolf hunting season. (When the Canyon alpha female was shot, wolf hunting season had long since closed. And her body was found inside Yellowstone, not in one of the hunting units.)

Some time ago, Leo, my wife Mary, and I attended a public meeting in which MFWP staff came to Gardiner to hear comments on the wolf quota in those units bordering Yellowstone. Should the number of wolves killed be higher, lower, or the same? Though MFWP may have wanted a number, they heard much more. They heard the range of local opinion about wolves.

After learning of the poaching of the Canyon alpha female, I found myself thinking again and again of that meeting and the thoughts and feelings revealed there about wolves. Thoughts and feelings that I’m sure are echoed across the US. Thoughts and feelings that may help to understand the white alpha’s death.

To continue reading: http://bit.ly/2ratbSU

Rick Lamplugh writes to protect wildlife and preserve wildlands. He lives near Yellowstone’s north gate and is just finishing a new book about Yellowstone’s grandeur and controversy. He is the author of the Amazon bestseller In the Temple of Wolves. Available as eBook or paperback at http://amzn.to/Jpea9Q. Or as a signed copy from Rick at http://bit.ly/1gYghB4.

 

  1. USA: The Revenge of a Wolf

After his mate and pups were killed by cattle ranchers in 1911, this wolf took revenge and hit the ranchers where it hurt them the most: their livestock. He never took another mate and was responsible for the death of $25,000 (equivalent to roughly $300,000 in 2016) worth of horses, cattle, and calves. The wolf eluded professional hunters, sportsmen, and bounty hunters alike for 9 years.
The government sent a highly experienced federal hunter and it still took that guy seven months to successfully hunt down this animal.

Submitted by Birgitt Roedder (http://www.catility.de; translated here from German)Dogs and wolves have a sense for fairness

When wolves feel treated unfairly they will refuse to cooperate.

“That’s unfair!“ In humans, the sense for justice and fairness is deeply rooted. Dogs also realize when they are treated differently, but whether this behaviour is a result of domestication or a natural trait is something scientists have now investigated with the help of play-experiments. The result: wolves do have a refined sense of justice, and dogs have inherited this trait from them – and belong to the very few animals known for such behavior.

Play-experiments show that small children already have a sense for fairness and justice: they protest when sweets are not evenly shared and will even stop others from stealing. Even three year-olds realize whether a playmate refuses intentionally to take part in group activity or not. Scientists therefore presume that the sensibility to equal treatment and fairness was very strongly developed already in our ancestors: the sense for justice developed, because they lived together in groups and their survival depended on cooperation.

But what is the story with other animals? In our closest relatives, the chimpanzees and bonobos, the sense for fairness does not seem to be very strongly manifest: in sharing experiments, these apes were more interested in their own gains – no matter whether food was equally shared or not. But dogs displayed first signs of disliking unequal treatment. However, it was still not clear whether this behavior had developed through domestication and their long history with humans or not.

Strike as result of unfair sharing

Jennifer Essler and her colleagues from the Veterinary University of Vienna have re- investigated the sense of justice in dogs and wolves by using reward-experiments. Two dogs or wolves were placed in neighbouring enclosures where they learned to paw a lever on command to receive a food reward. There was one problem, though: in some attempts, only the partner of the acting animal was rewarded while the acting animal received nothing. In other attempts, both were rewarded, but the partner received the preferred food item. The ability to realize this unequal treatment became evident when the wolves or dogs refused to cooperate further.

And indeed: the dogs as well as the wolves went on strike after they received nothing for a few times whereas their passive partner was rewarded. They refused to cooperate further in the test. A similar behavior was noticed when the animals were discriminated regarding the quality of the reward and only received the low-quality food item while their partners was given the preferred one: here they also refused to cooperate after a short while.

This response suggests that wolves and dogs really understand when they are unequally treated, said Essler. The wolves even react more sensitively than the dogs – although both had grown up and were kept under the same conditions. That this refusal indeed is a response to the perceived discrimination and not just of losing out or being insufficiently rewarded, is clearly shown in single trials: if the wolves and dogs performed without a partner they kept performing, even if there was no reward from time to time. Therefore the refusal is a result of the one receiving something while the other got nothing, explained co-author Friederike Range.

A profound sense of fairness

According to the scientists, these trials demonstrate that wolves and dogs have a concept of fairness – and that dogs have not acquired this behaviour as a result of their close contact with man. Rather must the common ancestors of today’s wolves and dogs have had a rudimentary sense of justice. This is probably a consequence of living closely together in packs: Like in the clans of our own ancestors, the success of a pack depended on how well the members cooperated. And this would promote fair behaviour as well as a sense of inequality. One indication of this being so was provided by the level of the wolves’ rejecting responses: “In higher-ranked animals, unequal treatment would trigger frustration more quickly, because they were not used to not receiving something or something of lower quality,” Range explained. “The order within their pack is therefore directly correlated to its members’ responses to unequal treatment.”

Domestication has nevertheless left its mark on dogs, also with regard to their sensibility towards unequal treatment. Wolves that were treated unfairly afterwards kept their distance to people, whereas dogs did not. “Even though these canids do not live together with humans, they are more approachable,” says Range, and adds, “Domestication appears to influence the behavior of dogs in this regard. Their close contact to people could therefore suppress their responses in such situations rather than trigger them.”

Original Source: Jennifer Essler (University for Veterinary Medicine Vienna) et al., Current Biology, doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.05.061 (summarized and translated here from German)

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 139

A note about the Wolf

by Richard Fox

True, wolves can’t be mastered, but they can be tamed to some degree. They are most magnificent animals. To watch them tuck their tails between their legs, humping the back, and so displaying their love for you, is quite a sight.

Not everyone gets to enjoy the thrill of watching a wolf walk the edge of the woods keeping his/her distance from people.

A shy animal indeed. But their love is very powerful and provides a pleasure only few people like us can appreciate. Ears laid back while around us, a warm feeling of contentment I would say. My sister wolf and I are quite a pair.

No, not everyone should have a wolf, but only those who do have a gift from nature. If you have a wolf and don’t have these wonderful feelings toward that animal, you might need to find another home for it, because the wolf is lacking something to satisfy its inner self. Never stop a wolf from howling.

In 1836, (the trail of tears) my people were told to stop speaking Cherokee, and some forgot our language as time went on. I say, let the wolf spirit run free, wolves and Indians should be kept together.

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

Nothing major to report

Will be continued…

Volume 12, Issue 151, May 2017

SAFHOWL

The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 12, Issue 151, May 2017

From the Editor’s Desk

Seemingly good news at last for Alaska’s wolves and wildlife in general: US environmental organizations are suing the US government over at least two issues, including the barbaric predator eradication and the totally irresponsible Arctic oil/gas drilling bills. Let’s hope that they will be successful. See the News sections for details and how you can add your support.

Denmark is not really a country anyone would immediately associate with wolves. However, some 200 years after the last wolf was killed there, they now have a tiny population of half a dozen or so in a remote corner of their country. And instantly, some backward farmers and hunters are bitching about them. However, Denmark is a country with an unusually swift-footed and working government and has come up with sensible solutions in practically no time. See the Wolves and Wolfdogs section for some interesting reading!

As usual, we have a wolf poem, this time even one that rhymes. And resourceful Erin also has something interesting on her pack again.

Till next month,
Ed.

Upcoming Events

You are invited by the International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

to the 4th Howl at the Moon Gala

An Event to support the International Wolf Center’s Mission.

When?

Thursday, May 18, 2017 from 5:30 PM to 9:00 PM CDT

Program: Social Hour, Silent Auction, Dinner, Program and Live Action

Where?

Midland Hills Country Club

2001 Fulham Street
Roseville, MN 55113, USA

Contact
David Kline

International Wolf Center
763-560-7374 ext. 230
david@wolf.org

 

Get registered at: https://events.r20.constantcontact.com/register/eventReg?oeidk=a07edt8lbo47ec70819&oseq=&c=&ch=

Say Yes to New Adventures!

International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs here

Wolves After Dark
June 30 – July 1

Here’s your opportunity to participate in a “Citizen Science” project and document important behavioural data critical to understanding the Exhibit Pack dynamics.
Learn more here.  

Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

News from the Wolf Front

National

Nothing to report

International

From Wolf Conservation Center (contact@nywolf.org)

  1. USA: Take Action To Protect Endangered Wolves

In order to fund the federal government beyond April 28, Congress must finalize a spending deal this week.

Annoyed by the fact that endangered species protection decisions are by federal law based on science rather than politics, some congressional leaders are trying to slip a legislative noose around some of the nation’s most imperiled species by loading the must-pass spending bill with dozens of deadly riders. Three riders target wolves specifically – they aim to eliminate Endangered Species Act (ESA) protections for gray wolves nationwide including critically endangered Mexican gray wolves.

There is a very serious threat that some of these anti-species riders could become law, unless leaders in Congress stand firm in rejecting them.

URGENT: Please urge your representatives to oppose all anti-wolf riders that undermine the ESA and its scientific process.

Take Action at: http://salsa4.salsalabs.com/o/51421/p/dia/action3/common/public/?action_KEY=19429

 

From ForceChange (TakeAction@ForceChange.com)
USA: Update: Help Protect Wolves in California!

We want to thank you for signing our petition to call on the California Fish and Game Commission (Commission) to ban lethal trapping and night-hunting in the gray wolf recovery zone to better protect wolves from deadly traps and bullets, and to institute specific regulations to protect wolves in the state from one of the greatest threats to their recovery: the accidental killing of gray wolves mistaken for other species, particularly coyotes, in night-time hunting and trapping currently permitted in occupied and potential wolf territory. We also want to provide you with an IMPORTANT UPDATE! We will be hand-delivering this petition to the Commission at their next meeting in Van Nuys, California, on April 26. We are doing a last push to get as many signatures as possible before then. Our petition has exceeded 43,500 signatures thanks to each of you! Please help us boost our numbers here to reach and exceed our current goal of 50,000 signatures by sharing this petition with friends, family and colleagues, and encouraging them to sign and share.
For those who live in California and are able to attend the commission meeting, your presence and voice are needed!
More details here:
What: California Fish and Game Commission meeting
When: Wednesday, April 26th, 2017 (mtg. starts @ 9:00 a.m. but petitions before the Commission will be considered during agenda item #17C so we don’t know when this will come up that day; it is best to be there early)
Where: Airtel Plaza Hotel, 7277 Valjean Avenue, Van Nuys, CA 91406

To view Project Coyote’s Action Alert, which includes links to the petitions themselves, the Agenda for the Commission meeting, and more, please enter this link in your browser: http://salsa4.salsalabs.com/o/51198/t/0/blastContent.jsp?email_blast_KEY=1345860

Thanks so much and if you’re not already a member of Project Coyote’s E-Team to receive updates on issues like this, you can join here:
http://www.projectcoyote.org/take-action/how-to-help/join-the-e-team/
From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – March 1-31, 2017

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project) activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico. Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at www.azgfd.gov/wolf or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf . Past updates may be viewed on either website, or interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose. The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf telemetry flight location information please visit http://bit.do/mexicanwolf or www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf/RWL.cfm .

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to:  the Alpine wolf office (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office (928-532-2391) or toll free at (888) 459-9653. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service posted the 2017 Mexican Wolf Initial Release and Translocation Plan (Plan) on the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Website and requested comments for 20 days. The USFWS provided all comments received in applications to New Mexico Department of Game and Fish for importation and release permits consistent with the Plan.

The USFWS hosted the Canid and Hyaneid Taxon Advisory Group meeting in Albuquerque March 27 and 28, 2017. This meeting was part of the larger Association of Zoos and Aquarium’s mid-year meeting hosted by the Albuquerque Biological Park.

The Division of Genomic Resources (DGR) of the Museum of South-western Biology at the University of New Mexico serves as the repository for Mexican wolf specimens including carcasses, pelts, and blood. On March 30, 2017, DGR celebrated migrating from maintaining specimens in -80oC freezers to new, more secure cryogenic nitrogen-vapour (-190oC).

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history. Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) indicate wolves younger than 24 months or pups. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions:  A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an established territory. In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. Studbook numbers listed in the monthly update denote wolves with functioning radio collars. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.

CURRENT POPULATION STATUS

The IFT completed the annual year-end population survey which started in November 2016 and concluded with helicopter count and capture operations conducted in late January through early February 2017. The IFT documented a minimum of 113 Mexican wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico at the end of 2016. At the end of March, there were 61 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring. Wolves with functioning radio collars are listed by studbook number in the pack updates below.

Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups). Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year. This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.

IN ARIZONA:

Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338 and AF1335)

In March, the Bear Wallow Pack was located within their traditional territory in the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF).

Bluestem Pack (collared M1382, F1488, fp1562, fp1563 and mp1574)

In March, the Bluestem Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. F1488 continued to travel separate from the Bluestem Pack with another wolf near Alpine. During March, M1382 continued to be documented travelling with AF1339 of the Panther Creek Pack. Genetic analysis from the male pup initially thought to be Panther Creek mp148X revealed that it was a Bluestem pup and has been assigned the studbook number mp1574.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, mp1471, mp1474 and fp1473)

In March, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north eastern portion of the ASNF. The female pup assigned the temporary studbook number, fp147X, was identified as fp1473 through genetic analysis. This confirmed that the wolf was a wild born of the Elk Horn Pack and not a cross-fostered pup from 2016.

Frieborn Pack (collared F1443 and m1447)

In March, F1443 and m1447 received pack status and were named the Frieborn Pack. They have been holding a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in Arizona and into New Mexico.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038)

The Hawks Nest Pack consists of one collared wolf, AM1038.  AM1038 previously made wide dispersal movements within the north central portion of the ASNF, but during March was consistently located in the northern portion of the ASNF in the territory of the Diamond Pack. By the end of March, AM1038 was documented travelling primarily with f1557 of the Diamond Pack.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, m1441, fp1550 and f1567)

In March, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the ASNF. Sub-adult wolves m1441 and f1567 continued to travel together and apart from the Hoodoo Pack. The IFT concluded the prey carcass investigations that began in February looking at the kill rates of both the Hoodoo Pack and the new pair: m1441 and f1567. In March, fp1549 was located dead in Arizona. The incident is under investigation.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In March, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AF1339, mp1483, fp1484 and mp1486)

In March, the Panther Creek Pack was located in the east central portion of the ASNF. Bluestem M1382 continued to be located travelling with AF1339. Pups mp1483, fp1484, and mp1486 have been travelling separately from the rest of the pack. Male pup 1486 has been documented travelling in the Gila National Forest (GNF) in New Mexico. Male pup 1483 was documented travelling between Arizona and New Mexico. The male pup assigned the temporary studbook number, mp148X, was identified through genetic analysis as a Bluestem animal, and has been given a new studbook number of mp1574.

ON THE FAIR:

Diamond Pack (collared f1557, mp1559, fp1560, fp1570, mp1571 and mp1572)

In March, the Diamond Pack was located in the northern portion of the ASNF and on state lands north of the ASNF. Near the beginning of the month, mp1572 was located lame and removed for veterinary care. Male pup 1572 has tested negative for diseases and has been transferred to the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge in New Mexico where it continues to receive rehabilitative care. Near the end of March, AM1038 of the Hawks Nest Pack and f1557 were documented travelling together and apart from the Diamond Pack.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343 and AF1283)

In March, the Tsay-o-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

Baldy Pack (collared M1347 and f1445)

The Baldy Pack was not located during the month of March.

IN NEW MEXICO:

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278 and mp1556)

During March, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF).

Lava Pack (collared F1405 and AM1285)

During March, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south eastern portion of the GNF.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293, AF1346 and mp1561)

During March, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158 and AF1487)

During March, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the Gila National Forest. The IFT set up a diversionary food cache to reduce potential for livestock depredations.

Mangas Pack (collared M1296 and F1439)

During March, the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north western portion of the GNF.

New Pair (collared F1444 and M1386)

During March, F1444 and M1386 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF.

New Pair (collared F1456 and M1354)

During March, F1456 and M1354 were documented travelling together within the west central portions of the GNF.

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, M1398 and fp1565)

During March, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  M1386, m1455, f1456, M1552, and mp1569 have all displayed dispersal behaviour for 3 months and are now considered single wolves or part of a “new pair”.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399)

During March, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284 and f1553)

During March, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Willow Springs Pack (collared F1397)

During March, the IFT documented the Willow Springs Pack within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.

Single collared AM1155

During March, AM1155 was documented traveling within New Mexico.

Single collared m1455

During March, m1455 travelled throughout east-central portions of the GNF and southern portions of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).

Single collared M1552

During March, M1552 travelled throughout north-eastern portions of the GNF and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared mp1569

During March, mp1569 travelled throughout northern and central portions of the CNF and other areas west of I-25.

MORTALITIES

During March, fp1549 of the Hoodoo Pack was located dead in Arizona. The incident is under investigation.

During March, mp1573 of the Bluestem Pack was captured by the IFT for medical evaluation and attention. It died overnight under veterinary care. Disease testing confirmed mp1573 tested positive for canine distemper.

INCIDENTS

During the month of March, there were six confirmed wolf depredations on livestock and no nuisance reports.

On March 6, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 18, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 21, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 21, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was killed by coyotes.

On March 21, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Socorro County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On March 24, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Socorro County, NM. The investigation determined the cow had died from natural causes.

On March 24, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by dogs.

On March 25, Wildlife Services investigated seven dead cows in Cochise County, AZ. The investigations determined one cow was a confirmed wolf kill, four cows died from natural causes and one cow died from an unknown cause. One of the seven dead cows was unable to be investigated due to its deteriorated condition.

On March 26, female pup 1530, originating from an ongoing reintroduction effort in Mexico, was captured on private ranch land in south-eastern Arizona by the IFT and relocated to the Sevilleta Wolf Management Facility in New Mexico, where it is in good health. Management agencies in the United States and Mexico will determine the most appropriate long-term management action for this wolf.

On March 27, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Cochise County, AZ. The investigation determined the cow died from unknown cause.

On March 28, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

COMMUNICATION AND COORDINATION

On March 14, the USFWS met with the Santa Clara Pueblo to discuss the status of the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program and development of the revised draft recovery plan.

On March 29, the USFWS provided a presentation on the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program to the Inter-tribal, Fish and Wildlife Service Coordination meeting at Ak-Chin.

PROJECT PERSONNEL

There are no project personnel updates for the month of March.

REWARDS OFFERED

The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at (505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

From Counter Current News
(http://countercurrentnews.com/2017/04/center-for-biological-diversity-sues-trump-for-signing-hjr-69-allowing-slaughter-of-bear-cubs-wolf-pups/)

USA: Alaska: Government sued for barbaric wildlife slaughter law

Washington D.C. — The Center for Biological Diversity (the Center) filed a lawsuit (http://www.biologicaldiversity.org/campaigns/carnivore_conservation/pdfs/Complaint_4_20_2017.pdf) in federal district court in Anchorage, Alaska, on April 20, 2017, against the U.S. Department of Interior (Interior) and Secretary Ryan Zinke, after President Donald Trump signed House Joint Resolution 69 (HJR 69; http://www.environews.tv/040517-done-trump-signs-hjr-69-law-allowing-slaughter-alaskan-bear-cubs-wolf-pups/) into law earlier this month, in a move that rescinds the Alaska National Wildlife Refuges Rule (Refuge Rule).

HJR 69 is a controversial bill, in part, because it rolled back Obama-era safeguards for Alaskan wildlife using an obscure law from the 90s called the Congressional Review Act (CRA) — a legislative loophole allowing a new Congress to overturn rules from the previous administration within its first 60 legislative days.

Read the full article at http://countercurrentnews.com/2017/04/center-for-biological-diversity-sues-trump-for-signing-hjr-69-allowing-slaughter-of-bear-cubs-wolf-pups/ 

Other News

National

Nothing to report

International

From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

USA: We’re suing to stop more Arctic drilling

Last Friday, President Trump opened as many as 120 million acres of critical ocean habitat for exploitation by the oil and gas industry.

We refuse to let him play roulette with our nation’s wildlife and waters.

That’s why Defenders, joining with our partners in the conservation and Alaska Native communities, filed a lawsuit yesterday challenging the President’s actions. We’re calling upon the courts to reject his unlawful exercise of power – but we can’t do it without your support!

Please donate today to help us fight this in court and continue our work to protect imperilled wildlife and marine ecosystems: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=zfiA56E7sha3gN8fUFWPmg

In 2016, the Obama administration permanently banned offshore drilling in substantial portions of the Arctic and Atlantic oceans, using the power granted to the president by a 1953 law to protect these ecologically sensitive waters from the risks inherent in offshore oil drilling.

No president has ever attempted to undo a previous president’s determination that waters like these should be protected, and nothing in the law allows such a reversal, but President Trump’s latest Executive Order tries to do just that.

The order threatens critical habitat for wildlife ranging from whales, to polar bears, to sea turtles. It exposes these amazing creatures to potentially catastrophic accidents – disastrous oil spills like those whose names are all too familiar – Deepwater Horizon and Exxon Valdez. Spills that are too big to clean up and have lasting impacts on marine life.

If oil and gas development is allowed to move forward in these regions, it won’t be a question of IF a spill will happen, but WHEN.

Please, donate today to help us hold the administration accountable and protect marine habitats from oil exploitation: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=MV6lGcHz7k356xFu48RDJA

The latest Executive Order is further evidence of this administration’s single-minded focus on fossil fuel extraction. The entire order is aimed at increasing the industrialization of our oceans and instructing federal departments to consider ways to remove remaining barriers to drilling!

It is just one more effort to benefit big polluters at the expense of wildlife, wild lands and waters, and even human health.

Won’t you donate today and help us stand with wildlife: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=MV6lGcHz7k356xFu48RDJA

Wolves and Wolfdogs

New Wolves discovered in Denmark

For almost 200 years no wolves had been seen in Denmark; as in so many other countries, severe persecution and hunting had driven the species to extinction. Denmark’s last wolf was killed in 1813. Then, in 2012, a male wolf was spotted within Danish territory, leading to hopes that more wolves might arrive from neighbouring Germany, and these hopes have now turned into reality. Scientists have confirmed that there are five or six wolves present in Denmark’s remote West Jutland region, making this the country’s first wolf pack in two centuries.

Denmark’s wolves have settled in a well-farmed area of heathland and small pine plantations where prey is plentiful in the shape of burgeoning populations of red and roe deer.

But, as is the case in so many other countries where wolves have started to settle down again, there are many people who celebrate the wolf’s return to Denmark as a symbol of environmental progress and returning biodiversity, and those who are not at all happy about the new situation. A number of Danish sheep farmers have blamed the wolves for the deaths of several sheep and are already pressurizing Danish government to control the newly discovered wolves’ numbers. One Danish politician has stated that the farmers should have “a right to put a bullet in a wolf’s head.”

Many Scandinavian countries where wolves are present currently use or have used culling as a means to control wolf populations, giving hunters permission to shoot or trap wolves. Allowing such culling in Denmark too, would be a certain death sentence for the few wolves now known to reside within its borders with no chance of  even bearing their first litter of cubs.

But regardless of the demands by some farmers the Danish government has already established a wolf management plan that guaranties compensation for farmers and funding for livestock farmers to erect wolf-proof fencing. The management plan, drawn up in consultation with hunters as well as farmers and conservationists, also allows for wolves to be controlled that become “habituated” and live too close to humans.

Wolves are a crucial part of restoring healthy forest habitats and must be protected. The researchers who discovered the small pack believe that the alpha female, who has been named  GW675f, has crossed the border into Jutland from Germany, covering a about 550 km, last summer. And they expect the pack to have cubs this year or next. Since they have probably not been established for more than 8 months by now they might postpone mating to next year.

From a technical point of view such a small wolf population can be managed relatively easily, but the real challenge is the psychology of humans; there are so many emotions and opinions about wolves in Denmark, as everywhere else, and the wolf debate is very much value-driven rather than related to concrete problems.

If you want to help to protect the lives of these newly discovered wolves in Denmark, please sign the ForceChange Petition at https://forcechange.com/233283/protect-newly-discovered-wolves-from-hunting/  

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 138

The Snow Wolf’s Eyes

by Drew Cooper

The full blue moon beams down on my face.
It lights the snow in florescent grace.
I never want to leave this place.
I’ll abandon the hassles of the human race.

It’s calm and quiet where I lay.
There’s not a word that I can say.
The fire’s died down,
there is no light,
to dim out the beauty of this night.

I’m in my sleeping bag trying to keep warm.
Feeling the fabric wrinkled and worn.

I stare out on the landscape in unspeakable wonder.
I stare out into the serene forest tundra.

The icicled limbs of the tree that I lean on,
glistens a gentle white and blue neon.

I gradually look down and I’m startled to see,
two golden eyes staring at me.

What is this creature?
I don’t really know.
But whatever it is blends in with the snow.

I can make out a figure.
Not ten yards away.
It’s a single grey wolf looking for prey.

He slowly creeps closer in a soft, cautious stroll.
As I stare through his eyes and into his soul.

In his mind I see the things that he’s done.
While roaming around in the dim winter’s sun.

I see where he’s going.
I see where he’s been.
The kills of his hunts.
And the cubs in his den.

As he starts to turn slowly away,
I start to wonder: “Did he do the same?”
Had he witnessed my joy and my pain?
Or maybe he just wanted to know why I came.

He’s now swiftly sprinting over the snow-covered field.
I notice him start to slowly yield.

He turns his head.
Looking one last time.
Savoring his brush with humankind.

When I see that he is finally gone,
I look up at the stars and wait until dawn.

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

Summer has finally turned into autumn up here, the nights getting cooler and the hot days are over too. The trees have started to shed their leaves, and although the grass is still green thanks to the huge amounts of rain we had this summer, you can smell the typical fragrance of winter knocking on our doors. Our furry kids have built up a nice thick undercoat again, and the rather thin and flimsy summer tails have returned to their gorgeous dense and bushy appearance. We have really been lucky this summer with just a single tick on Ascar II and not one flea through the whole season.

Ascar II is still behaving nicely towards Kajack II, although he needs a little reminder from time to time that friendliness is the rule of this house. There had been just one problem with the two that had come up a while ago and needed some solution, and that was that after all the years eating nicely from their food bowls, Ascar II suddenly decided that he, as the leader of the pack, would be entitled not only to his own food portions but also Kajack’s. When I placed the food bowls in front of each of the three, only Taima could enjoy her food undisturbed; Ascar II first had to inspect his bowl, then move to Kajack’s to check whether he had the same food and amount as he got. That was still o.k., but after a while he started to then eat from Kajack’s bowl, so I took his bowl and gave it to Kajack. The next moment Ascar would then decide that his food tasted better and moved back to his bowl, and I gave Kajack his food back. Next step was that I had to hold Kajack’s bowl on my lap for him to be able to eat without Ascar interfering, but that also didn’t work out very long, because Ascar then became jealous of Kajack being allowed to eat “from my lap” and wanted the same preferential treatment. To cut a slightly lengthy story shorter, Ascar then decided that Kajack would only be allowed to eat with his permission, and well behaved and submissive as Kajack is, he obeyed and abandoned his food bowl until Ascar decided to leave him a few crumbs. While in Nature this behaviour is completely normal (if there are no cubs the alphas eat first, then the rest of the pack is allowed to join in, and the Omega has to live on the leftovers and may only eat when the alpha gives his permission), you cannot allow this in captivity.

We had to come up with a solution to the problem, which was easier said than done. Taima had already started to demand her food bowl being placed inside the house, because little madam didn’t like to be disturbed by ill-behaved flies during her meal, and she also didn’t like the permanent quarrelling between the two boys, so she decided to keep her distance. That led to the first try, which was to also separate the boys for their meals. It was a bit of a challenge because Kajack always follows Ascar, no matter where he goes, but with a bit of practice we managed. Now Taima and Kajack could eat in peace, but Ascar didn’t like it at all and instead of eating he had nothing better to do as to find a way to get to Kajack, and the moment Kajack heard Ascar trying to get into the house, he stopped eating. Obviously, this was not the best solution. Then I had an idea. It had been raining cats and dogs all day long one day, and I could not feed the pack outside as I usually would. I therefore put the three food portions into one big bowl, sat down in the living room holding it on my lap. The three had followed me hot on my heals, wondering where I was taking their food. Then I allowed Ascar to choose his first piece of meat out of the bowl, and while he was chewing I gave one piece to Kajack and one to Taima. While they were busy with their pieces Ascar came back for another piece and so it went on until the bowl was empty and all had gotten their fair shares of it. I tried that again the next day and it worked perfectly fine. The only time when Ascar now tries to stop Kajack from eating is when he gets too close to him; Ascar then chases Kajack back into a corner, telling him in very clear growls that he is infringing on his “eating space” and has to stay out of it. This method now also works when I feed them outside, and it looks as though if everyone is now happy with situation, including me and Ted. I still wonder why, after years eating from their bowls without any problems, it suddenly became such an issue, but who is able to read their minds?

Will be continued…