Volume 13, Issue 165, July 2018


The Monthly Free E-Newsletter of South African Friends of Wolves

Volume 13, Issue 165, July 2018

From the Editor’s Desk

It’s still way too cold for me up here on the Highveld!

The battle of pro-nature civilians against their anti-nature leaders continues in the US. Isn’t it depressing to realize that those who are elected to act in your interest will often do the exact opposite once they are in power? But then again, if dullards constitute the majority, even if only by a small margin, you just can’t win. And this is what bipedalists like the Horror Clown can and do count on. Just read what his administration has in mind for the last 40 Red Wolves, and basically all wildlife, and try not to puke.

On the home front, it was with great shock when we learnt that there had been another brutal attack on a game farm’s big cats. There seems to be a syndicate at work here, and it wouldn’t at all surprise me if some impotent East Asians were behind it, making use of the virtually inexhaustible supply of unscrupulous criminals we have in our wonderful country. Find the short write-up in the News section under Other News, National.

We have an update on the wolves in California this month, which makes for interesting reading. We also have another wolf tale. What we don’t have this month is news from Erin, but then again, her fingers are as stiffly frozen as are mine.

That’s why I keep it short this time.

Till next month,


Upcoming Events

International Wolf Center (info@wolf.ccsend.com); on behalf of International Wolf Center (info@wolf.org)

Register Now for the 2018 International Wolf Symposium 2018:

Wolves in a Changing World

October 11-14, 2018

Calling all Wolf Biologists, Enthusiasts, Educators and Wildlife Conservationists. Registration is now open for the sixth International Wolf Symposium.

Register now

Location & Lodging:

Minneapolis Marriott Northwest

7025 Northland DR N, Minneapolis, MN 55428

Lodging is available at a reduced rate of $119 + taxes per night. All-suite hotel.

Symposium Fees:

  • Regular registration – $474.00 (June 1, 2018 – August 31, 2018)
  • Late registration – $500.00* (Any time after September 1, 2018)
  • Student registration – $299.00 (High school or college. Member discount does not apply.)

*International Wolf Center members will receive a $50.00 discount. Not a member? Join today!

Registration includes 3 breakfasts, 2 lunches, a reception, all daily break refreshments and materials.

Optional Events:

  • Welcome Rendezvous Reception with cash bar, Thursday 7:00 – 9:00 p.m., October 11, 2018
  • Wolves and Wilderness Bus Tour, Thursday, October 11, 2018 – $99 (Bus tour will not be back in time for the reception.)
  • The Last Great Wolf Restoration Banquet, Saturday evening, October 13, 2018 – $50

*If your employer will not cover these expenses or you are bringing a significant other, click here to register for the additional events separately.


Keynote speakers and Plenary sessions will be presented by international wolf experts in their particular fields of study.

Concurrent sessions, given throughout the day on Friday, Saturday and Sunday, will focus on a variety of topics under the following categories:

  • Distribution of Wolves Around the World
  • Wolf Ecology
  • Wolf/Human Interactions
  • Wolf Management and Policies
  • Wildlands and Ecosystems
  • Wolf Conservation and Education
  • Emerging Research and Technologies
  • Other

Poster Session: Posters will be on display Friday through noon Sunday, with a Q&A session Saturday at noon.

Exhibitors will have displays throughout the symposium.

Networking opportunities will be plentiful.

Be sure to watch your email and wolf.org for updates! You can help us spread the word by sharing this email.

Learn more here

  1. International Wolf Center’s Adventure Programs

Say Yes to New Adventures!

Turn your vacation into a one-of-a-kind wilderness experience. The International Wolf Center offers a variety of Adventure Programs led by informative and enthusiastic wolf experts for people of all ages. Visit our website for a complete list of adventure programs here:

  1. Upcoming Webinars 

Webinar rate: $15 Non-members, $12 Members

Wolf Conservation Center (contact=nywolf.org@mail63.sea91.rsgsv.net)

1. Wolf Camp for Kids!

It may be cold outside, but it’s time to start thinking about summer camp!

Give the young animal lover in your family a chance to thrive among wolves all week long!  The five-day program will include opportunities for your child to learn about nature and wildlife through woodland exploration, scavenger hunts, wilderness games, live animals, etc. Children will learn about various habitats, animal communication and behaviour, food chains, and local wildlife.

Programs will run with a minimum of 4 children and a maximum of 12.  All children who complete the program will get a special “Junior Wolf Biologist” certificate. Pre-registration is required.
9AM – 3PM
Fee: $350 per child for the week-long program (Monday – Friday)

Spring Break Camp 
For children entering grades 3 – 5  ​
Time: 9AM – 3PM
Fee: $300 per child for the 4-day program (Tuesday – Friday)
Information & registration HERE

2. Sleeping with Wolves – Our Wild Campout Adventure

Wake up with Wolves!

Sleeping with Wolves, the Wolf Conservation Center‘s popular nocturnal adventure experience gives guests a chance to camp out overnight with the 30 wolves that call the centre home! With all the howls and nature’s night-time chatter, you will feel like you’re camping under the stars with wild wolves!
Pre-registration is required. Space is limited and dates are selling out quickly!

Information and registration here

Summer Internships for College Students

The Wolf Conservation Center is pleased to offer summer environmental education internship opportunities for college students! The environmental education internship is designed to expose interns to the field of conservation education and wildlife biology. Interns conduct a variety of education programs and assist with the daily operations of the WCC.

Information here

  1. Join Us for an Adventure in Yellowstone here

The Wild is Calling!

Join us for an adventure sure to impart wild memories!
Join professionals from Yellowstone Insight and the Wolf Conservation Center for unique, educational, and wildlife-filled adventures in Yellowstone National Park!
Have you ever wanted to go to Yellowstone? Bask in the natural wonders of the first National Park? If so, one of these adventures is perfect!
SUMMER FAMILY ADVENTURE August 5 – 10, 2018 here
FALL WILDLIFE ADVENTURE: September 8 – 13, 2018 here

News from the Wolf Front


From the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary (Frans Badenhorst, wolfrescuesa@gmail.com)

HuskyRomi Newsletter June 2018

From the sanctuary

Life goes on out here, nothing much changes. We’ve had a volunteer Kim Dijkman from Holland out here helping in a big way over the last six weeks; she left us on the 3rd of July but has promised to come back from mid-August for another six weeks. Kim has taken on a few responsibilities around here, cleaning up around the containers, which was becoming a bit of an eye sore. She has also put a lot of effort into getting the volunteers room ready; we have purchased two double bunk beds, one mattress and three to follow as we can afford them.

Niska and her eight puppies are doing very well. The pups are adorable, pictures can’t even describe them, they are little characters each in their own right.

We’ve been going for well over ten years now and a lot of our original fencing is sagging; we are not asking you for money but we do need a lot of funding. One idea is five hundred people donating R50 a month – what can fifty Rand buy you nowadays, but there’s a lot that we could do with twenty five thousand Rand every month.

News from the Shire

Winter’s got us in our grip and I think a lot of us can’t wait for summer. Luckily we had a very nice sunny day at Fantasy Fayre.

What a truly amazing day! Alter Egos -Meryl & Dayle, really went all out again and a huge thank you to them for inviting HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary to be a part of this magical day! We enjoyed every moment and such a bunch of happy people that attended the Fayre.

Thank you to each and everyone who stopped at our stall to learn more and to support the sanctuary. Special thanks to Francois & Laurika for the help in setting up, Frans who delivered some new goodies, Debbie for bringing her soaps, Retha and Carlien for the visit and ongoing support, Mariska who stopped by to learn more and ended up spending a few hours helping out, Ryan & Bryan for being “wolves” for the day, Draco for giving all his treat donations to the sanctuary, Dianna for bringing Skylar/Boy and Silver for a visit and of course Jacques for always supporting. Some photos taken on the day. Hope to see you at the next event!

I finally received a photo of the winner of the Air Brush raffle from Geekfest 2017. Congratulations Mark! Looks like it found the perfect spot.

Finally decided to give a Rockwood Fundraiser another try (same as Barnyard). We are planning it for the 12th of September for the Jukebox Hits show. More details and how to get your tickets in next month newsletter.

If you have any ideas or donations for the markets please get in touch with me.

Till next month!


Remember the different ways to get involved and to make a difference:

  1. Making a donation directly into the bank account

HuskyRomi Rescue and Wolf Sanctuary

First National Bank

Account : 62296463989

Branch : 230833

Cheque Acc

Ref: Donation / Your name

  1. Making use of the SMS line and donating R10 per SMS on all SA Networks

SMS “Donate HuskyRomi” to 48748

  1. Adding HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary as a beneficiary on your My School / My

Village/My Planet card (Remember you can have up to three beneficiaries)

Or SIGN UP FOR A MYSCHOOL CARD and make HuskyRomi Wolf

Sanctuary your charity of choice. You will be donating indirectly to

HuskyRomi without spending an extra cent, when you purchase at

Woolworths/Engen etc. Please take a moment to register a card

at https://www.myschool.co.za/supporter/apply/

Contact Nolia on FB, email to nolia@pentasure.ws or message to 0726221764 for any further assistance.

  1. By paying the entrance fee when you visit the sanctuary as well as buying

souvenirs at the different events throughout the year

  1. Virtual adopt / Sponsor an animal of your choice. There are different options

available so contact Frans if you would like to make a fix monthly donation

to an animal of your choice. You will also receive a certificate with a photo of

the animal that you chose to sponsor.

More from the sanctuary

We are always living on the cheap out here, our pick-up blew the motor and we found a 2nd hand engine, it runs but burns a lot of smoke/oil and we’re not sure how long she will last.

We’ve had three bad injuries out here, every one of them was life

threatening but the three animals have pulled through. Two of them were

due to old fencing that should be replaced or at least reinforced, we do

our best with what we have.

Sky is a beautiful wolf who lives down at the house, he is one of many

wolves who don’t have a sponsor, just look at that face, he makes James

Dean look ugly.

Well until next time, keep howling


Check out the HuskyRomi Wolf Sanctuary’s Facebook page for more information here: https://web.facebook.com/huskyromi/?rdc=1&rdr . If you wish to subscribe to HuskyRomi’s monthly newsletter, mail Frans Badenhorst at wolfrescuesa@gmail.com and have yourself added to the mailing list. It’s FREE!


From Defenders of Wildlife (http://www.defenders.org)

  1. USA: Wolves and other wildlife – beware!

The Trump administration is a who’s who of climate change-denying oil and gas boosters and special interests. And, extremists in Congress are embarking on a ruthless campaign to turn the clock back on wildlife protection.

I won’t lie. Animals will die in alarming numbers if the extremists get their way.

I know you share my love for wildlife. And you’ve been an important ally in protecting wolves, grizzlies and other wild things we love.

That’s why I implore you to take another step today and become a monthly donor to Defenders of Wildlife here

We know that President Trump views all things as resources to be exploited. And the ideologues and the oil barons he has named to his cabinet have their own agendas.

As a monthly sustainer, your support provides a steady, reliable source of contributions as we fight habitat loss and threats to wildlife.

  • What will happen to wolves in the lower 48 when stripped of all Endangered Species Act protection?
  • What will happen to dwindling African elephant populations when the doors are thrown open for importing illegal ivory?
  • What will happen to polar bears and other animals when the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and other precious wild habitats are opened for drilling, fracking and mining?

These are real threats, just some of the many we are sure to face in the months and years ahead.

Above all, your monthly donation will give us the resources we need to defend wildlife from the mounting threats they face. Become a monthly donor here

Not everyone shares the commitment to wildlife that you and I do. This is the moment when those of who care must do everything possible.

We can’t do this without you.

  1. USA: Take emergency action to save red wolves


No other word comes close to describing the impact on critically endangered red wolves if this appalling proposal goes through.

Defying all logic, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) is proposing a 90 percent reduction in the land available for red wolf recovery in eastern North Carolina. This area supports the last wild population of red wolves. And worse, the proposal would allow private landowners free reign to shoot any red wolves that wander across their property.

If this proposal goes into effect, it will be a death sentence for America’s most endangered wolf.

URGENT – this proposal is an outrage – tell FWS to do their job and save red wolves here  http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=mwl5itrCH1tAqluLQUU-Zg

Fewer than 40 red wolves cling to survival in the wild. If this proposed rule goes into effect, there will barely be room for 15 animals in the tiny patch of habitat that remains.  Protect the Red Wolf: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=-GOQYF5r6926s55GsdTF8A

In what was once a model recovery program, FWS reintroduced red wolves in North Carolina in 1987 – just seven years after they were declared extinct in the wild. As a result, the wild population of red wolves rebounded to nearly 150 individuals!

But after years of yielding to pressure from a vocal minority seeking to end the recovery of red wolves in the wild, FWS failed to follow through on its commitment to restore red wolves and is now proposing a rule that would certainly lead to their extinction in the wild!

But there’s still time to stop this!

FWS is accepting comments until July 30th – so please – take a moment and speak out for red wolves today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=gSbE9Dj42HMv8odh2L4yIw

Thanks for all you do.

  1. USA: Keep up the fight for lobos!

Here’s the heartbreaking truth:

Mexican gray wolves are the most endangered gray wolves in the world and unless more of them are released into the wild, they are doomed to go extinct.

At the end of 2015 there were an estimated 97 Mexican gray wolves remaining in the wild. And just this week, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) confirmed that 14 Mexican gray wolf deaths were documented last year, marking the most in any single year since the federal government began reintroducing them in New Mexico and Arizona in 1998.

It’s critical that we make it clear to the Trump administration that we’re not backing down from Mexican gray wolf recovery!

Please, take action today. We must let the Trump administration know that Mexican gray wolf recovery is a top priority: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=dneqdCO6fShHN–kfp3GDw

Please, tell the Trump administration that more Mexican gray wolves MUST be released!

It’s been 40 years since the Mexican gray wolf, or “lobo,” was first listed under the Endangered Species Act. Since the lobo reintroduction program began in the late 1990s, FWS has never released enough wolves from captivity. In fact, from 2008 through 2015, only five new wolves were released into the wild.

Please take action for Mexican Gray Wolves: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=A-BpUwmEbxdg53kHIQJ88Q

These wolves are running out of time. It’s up to you and me to protect their future in the wild.

Thank you for all you do.

4. USA: Fighting for Alaska predators, red wolves and the Arctic refuge

Help Protect Alaska’s Wolf Pups and Bear Cubs

The National Park Service (NPS) has proposed lifting a ban on extreme killing methods on Park Service lands in Alaska. If the ban is removed, wolves, bears and other predators will be vulnerable to appalling and cruel killing methods that most people strongly oppose. If the Park Service follows through on its plan, it will be legal to kill wolves and pups and mother bears and their cubs in their dens. Please act now to help prevent this from happening here

Disaster for Red Wolves

Defying all logic, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) is proposing a 90 percent reduction in the land available for red wolf recovery in eastern North Carolina – the area that supports the last wild population of red wolves. Learn more here

  1. USA: A Death Sentence for Red Wolves

The federal government seems bent on destroying what began as one of our nation’s greatest wildlife comeback stories.

As a result, red wolves are all but certain to go extinct in the wild – again.

You and I can’t let what began as such a success story end on such a heartbreaking and tragic note. This is a 100% preventable extinction.

Say ‘hell no’ to the red wolf extinction plan. Help us fight for the wildlife you love here

Last month the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service proposed to cripple the red wolf recovery program by:

  • Reducing the recovery area in Eastern North Carolina by nearly 90% – leaving barely enough room for a single wolf pack.
  • Allowing any wolf wandering outside the cramped confines of the Refuge to be gunned down, no questions asked.

Thomas, 30 years ago when the red wolf recovery effort launched it was destined to become a model for recovery of wolves across the U.S. The once nearly extinct population took root and grew to 150 wolves. But ever since anti-wolf extremists mounted an anti-wolf campaign, numbers have fallen.

Fewer than 40 red wolves cling to survival in the wild – won’t you help us fight for them? http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=xd0fBsSppIqx7LcH3iuFlQ

Red wolves, native to Eastern North Carolina, are a key part of our natural heritage. In our not so distant past, these animals ranged from Florida to Pennsylvania and as far west as Texas. There are no words for how tragic it would be to see them disappear forever.

Your donation will help fuel our all-out effort to rescue the red wolf from oblivion. You’ll help fund public outreach efforts in North Carolina, build community support for wolf conservation, and help us hold Fish and Wildlife Service’s feet to the fire, including legal action if necessary.

Stop the extinction of the Red Wolf: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=jWgKF7nsp5OjaPbNiCRtiQ

The story isn’t over. With your help, we’ll get the happy ending we have sought for three decades. It’s the happy ending these wolves deserve. Are you with us?

Please give generously today: http://action.defenders.org/site/R?i=bMrR2oq8YvYAP-lcgAcf2g

Thank you in advance for your help.


From Change.org (Brigitte Sommer (www.wolfsschutz-deutschland.de) via Change.org (change@mail.change.org, translated here from German)

Wolfsschutz Deutschland on Facebook here

  • Background information regarding the biting incident in Poland – How you can help
  • I am sure you have already heard about the incident in southeastern Poland where a wolf is believed to have attacked two children and a woman. The animal was shot dead, and the media had a field day with facts again not playing a role. There were even voices demanding the killing of the whole Polish and German wolf population. Now it turns out that the supposed wild wolf could also have been a wolf-dog that was kept in a kennel.
  • The hunt for the wolf must end and the media must eventually accept their responsibility of a neural and factual coverage of the topic wolf. It seems that many publishing houses and broadcasting corporations only focus on the wolf and are eagerly waiting for a wolf to do something, which he, according to their opinion (which is the opinion of many lobbyists and politicians), should not have done. But the incident in Poland also shows that often the humans are the guilty ones, provoking such incidents through wrong behavior and egotism. There is no valid reason for keeping a wolf as a pet and then to wonder why they lose their shyness of humans. To lock a wild animal up is animal abuse.
    Again a wolf had to pay with his life for human stupidity. Research has become a foreign word to many journalists, and one-sided reporting has priority. This is a dangerous development in the media world that can only be balanced with continuous disproof of intentional fake news.
  • Here you can read about the background and watch a video with the shot animal:
  • And here an open letter from us to the Stuttgarter Zeitung (Stuttgart newspaper).
  • To finish a project, initiated by our member, Volker Vogel, that is supposed to become the counterpart to such nationalistically reports, we still need to collect Euro 15.000; we already got 1/3 of the money needed from donations. Please help us to achieve this project, which is very close to our hearts, by donating any amount to this fund.
  • In addition to this we have started anti-poaching patrols in eastern Saxony. Like the Black Mambas in Africa we also want to achieve that our presence at all possible day and night times contributes to the poachers not feeling safe anymore. We are a small association with no help from the state and depend on donations. Here you can donate:
  • Berliner Sparkasse
    IBAN DE79 1005 0000 0190 7118 84
    BIC BELADEBEXXX orvia Paypal:

From Change.org (Heather L. via Change.org; change@mail.change.org)

USA: Does the 2019 Appropriations Bill Target the Mexican Gray Wolf?

The 2019 Interior and Environment Appropriations Bill was approved by the House Appropriations Committee today, and unfortunately it targets the Gray Wolf. Specifically, Section 117 would require the USFWS to delist the Gray Wolf nationwide. But included within Section 117 is Subsection 2, which states:
“Shall not affect the inclusion of the subspecies classified as the Mexican gray wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) of the species gray wolf (Canis lupus) in such list.”

What in the world does this mean? Does it mean that the Mexican Gray Wolf will be excluded from the delisting? Or does it mean that the separate listing of the Mexican Gray Wolf is to be disregarded and the subspecies included within the delisting? If anyone understands legal speech and can interpret this for the rest of us, then that would be highly appreciated!

In any case, we must keep an eye on that rider and fight to remove it from the bill! If you live in the USA, then please write to your Congress representatives and tell them to ensure that this dangerous rider does not make it into the passed bill! The fate of the Mexican Gray Wolf might depend on it!

From California Wolfcenter (californiawolfcenter@yahoogroups.com)

Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project

Monthly Update – May 1-31, 2018

The following is a summary of Mexican Wolf Reintroduction Project (Project)

activities in the Mexican Wolf Experimental Population Area (MWEPA) in Arizona, including the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), San Carlos Apache Reservation (SCAR), and New Mexico.  Additional Project information can be obtained by calling (928) 339-4329 or toll free at (888) 459-9653, or by visiting the Arizona Game and Fish Department website at www.azgfd.gov/wolf  or by visiting the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website at www.fws.gov/southwest/es/mexicanwolf.  For information on the FAIR call (928) 338-4385 ext. 226 or visit www.wmatoutdoor.org.

Past updates may be viewed on these websites. Interested parties may sign up to receive this update electronically by visiting www.azgfd.com  and clicking on the E-news Signup tab on the top left corner of the webpage.

This update is a public document and information in it can be used for any purpose.  The Project is a multi-agency cooperative effort among the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AZGFD), USDA Forest Service (USFS), USDA-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services (USDA-APHIS WS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT).

To view semi-monthly wolf location information please visit http://arcg.is/0iGSGH.

Please report any wolf sightings or suspected livestock depredations to: the Alpine wolf office at (928) 339-4329, Pinetop wolf office at (928) 532-2391 or toll free at (888) 459-9653. For sightings or suspected depredations on the FAIR, please call the FAIR wolf office in Whiteriver at (928) 388-4385 ext. 226. To report incidents of take or harassment of wolves, please call the AGFD 24-hour dispatch (Operation Game Thief) at (800) 352-0700.

Overall Mexican Wolf Recovery Program Monthly Update

On May 23, Judge Zipps of the United States District Court for the District of Arizona held a hearing in the 10(j) case to discuss both parties’ responses to the Court’s March 30, 2018 order.  An order following this hearing is pending.

On May 31, 2018 the USFWS published in the Federal Register its intent to conduct a 5-year status review under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended, of 38 animal and plant species.  The Mexican wolf is included as one of the species under review. Section 4(c) (2) (A) of the Endangered Species Act requires the USFWS to review each listed species’ status at least once every 5 years.  A 5-year status review is based on the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review; therefore, the USFWS is requesting submission of any such information that has become available since the last review for each of the 38 species.  Please see the Federal Register notice for more information here.

Numbering System:  Mexican wolves are given an identification number recorded in an official studbook that tracks their history.  Capital letters (M = Male, F = Female) preceding the number indicate adult animals 24 months or older. Lower case letters (m = male, f = female) are used to indicate wolves younger than 24 months.  A lower case letter “p” preceding the number is used to indicate a wolf pup born in the most recent spring. The capital letter “A” preceding the letter and number indicate breeding wolves.

Definitions: A “wolf pack” is defined as two or more wolves that maintain an

established territory.  In the event that one of the two alpha (dominant) wolves dies, the remaining alpha wolf, regardless of pack size, retains the pack status. The packs referenced in this update contain at least one wolf with a radio telemetry collar attached to it. Studbook numbers listed in the monthly update denote wolves with functioning radio collars. The Interagency Field Team (IFT) recognizes that wolves without radio telemetry collars may also form packs. If the IFT confirms that wolves are associating with each other and are resident within the same home range, they will be referenced as a pack.


The IFT completed the annual year-end population survey which started November 1, 2017 and concluded with helicopter count and capture operations conducted from January 24, 2018 through February 3, 2018.  The year-end minimum population count for 2017 was 114 wolves in the wild in Arizona and New Mexico. Annual surveys are conducted in the winter as this is when the population experiences the least amount of natural fluctuation (i.e. in the spring the population increases dramatically with the birth of new pups and declines throughout the summer and fall as mortality is particularly high on young pups).  Thus, the IFT summarizes the total number of wolves in the winter at a fairly static or consistent time of year.  This allows for comparable year-to-year trends at a time of year that accounts for most mortality and survival of young pups.  At the end of May, there were 73 wolves with functioning radio collars that the IFT was actively monitoring.


Bear Wallow Pack (collared AM1338, M1676, and f1683)

In May, the IFT documented the Bear Wallow Pack in their traditional territory on the east central portion of the Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest (ASNF).  Some individuals were occasionally documented on the SCAR. Yearling f1683 and M1676 were documented travelling with AM1338.  AF1335 was found dead in May.  The incident is under investigation.

Bluestem Pack (collared f1686)

In May, the IFT documented the Bluestem Pack in the pack’s traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF. Yearling f1686 exhibited behaviour and movements suggesting that that animal may be dispersing.  The IFT initiated a diversionary food cache in a proactive effort intended to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.

Elk Horn Pack (collared AF1294, f1668, and m1671)

In May, the Elk Horn Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The IFT maintained a supplemental food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort and to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Elk Horn Pack continued to display behaviour in May consistent with denning.

Hoodoo Pack (collared AM1290, AF1333, m1666, m1677, and m1681)

In May, the Hoodoo Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache to reduce potential for conflict.  The Hoodoo Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory during May.

Panther Creek Pack (collared AM1382)

In May, the IFT documented the Panther Creek Pack in their traditional territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  AF1339 was found dead in May.  The incident is under investigation.  After the mortality, AM1382 was documented travelling alone.  Sub-adult m1574 continued to travel alone and is now considered a single animal.  At the end of May, the pack consisted of only AM1382.

Pine Spring Pack (collared AF1562 and AM1394)

In May, the Pine Spring Pack was located within their territory in the north central portion of the ASNF.  The IFT continued to maintain a diversionary food cache on the ASNF for this pair to reduce potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Pine Spring Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their territory during May.

Prime Canyon Pack (collared AF1488 and AM1471)

In May, the IFT documented the Prime Canyon Pack travelling within a territory in the east central portion of the ASNF.  AF1488 exhibited behaviour and movements consistent with denning.  The IFT initiated a diversionary food cache for this pack in a proactive attempt to reduce the potential for conflict near residences.

Saffel Pack (collared AM1441, AF1567, m1661, and m1680)

In May, the Saffel Pack was located in their territory in the north-eastern portion of the ASNF.  The Saffel Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory during May.

Sierra Blanca Pack (collared M1571 and F1550)

In May, F1550 of the Hoodoo Pack had localized in the east central portion of the ASNF and has been consistently documented travelling with M1571 formerly of the Diamond Pack.

Single collared M1477

In May, the IFT documented M1477 in the east central portion of the ASNF.  This animal has continued to travel with an uncollared wolf.  They are now considered a pack and will be given a pack name in June.

Single collared F1489

In May, the IFT documented F1489 travelling in the north and east central portion of the ASNF.

Single collared M1574

In May, the IFT documented M1574 travelling in the east central portion of the ASNF.


Baldy Pack (collared AM1347, F1560, and m1672)

In May, the Baldy Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR and the north central portion of the ASNF.

Maverick Pack (collared AF1291)

In May, the Maverick Pack was located within their traditional territory both on the FAIR and east central portion of the ASNF.  They were documented as having produced pups.

Tsay-O-Ah Pack (collared AM1343, AF1283, and f1674)

In May, the Tsay-O-Ah Pack was located within their traditional territory on the FAIR.

Tu dil hil Pack (collared M1559 and F1679)

In May, the Tu dil hil Pack was documented travelling in the eastern portion of the FAIR.


Copper Creek Pack

During May, the Copper Creek Pack was not located.  Currently there are no functioning collars in this pack.  Single M1673 was documented travelling within the Copper Creek territory in May.  The IFT is monitoring M1673 to determine if it is travelling with the Copper Creek Pack.

Dark Canyon Pack (collared AF1456 and AM1354)

During May, the Dark Canyon Pack was documented travelling together within their traditional territory, in the west central portion of the Gila National Forest (GNF).  In May, the IFT, cross-fostered two wild-born pups (one taken from the Iron Creek Pack and one taken from the Lava Pack) into the Dark Canyon den subsequent to cross-foster events of genetically valuable pups from captivity into both the Iron Creek and Lava Packs.  One pup from each den was removed during the cross-foster to reduce the litter size in an effort to increase chance of survival for the captive born pups.

Datil Mountain Pack (collared M1453 and F1685)

During May, the Datil Mountain Pack continued to travel in the western portion of the Cibola National Forest (CNF).  The Datil Mountain Pack showed signs of denning in early May, however, leading into mid-late May behaviour was no longer consistent with denning.

Frieborn Pack (collared AF1443 and AM1447)

In May, the Frieborn Pack was documented within their territory in the east central portion of the ASNF in New Mexico and Arizona.  The IFT maintained a food cache near the den as part of the cross-foster effort and to reduce the potential for wolf-livestock conflict.  The Frieborn Pack continued to exhibit behaviour and movements consistent with denning.

Hawks Nest Pack (collared AM1038 and F1473)

During May, the Hawks Nest Pack continued to travel in the north central portion of the GNF. The pair is now considered the Hawks Nest Pack.  The Hawks Nest Pack showed signs of denning in April, however, leading into mid-May they have failed to show behaviour consistent with denning.

Iron Creek Pack (collared AM1240, AF1278, m1555, m1556, and f1670)

During May, the Iron Creek Pack continued to utilize their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness and the southern portion of the GNF.  The IFT cross-fostered two pups from the Endangered Wolf Center into the Iron Creek den in May.  One wild born pup was removed to reduce litter size and increase the chance of survival of the genetically valuable pups.  The Iron Creek pup was subsequently cross-fostered into the Dark Canyon Pack den.

Lava Pack (collared AF1405 and AM1285)

During May, the Lava Pack was located within their traditional territory in the south-eastern portion of the GNF.  The IFT cross-fostered two pups from the Endangered Wolf Center into the Lava den in May.  One wild born pup was removed to reduce litter size and increase the chance of survival of the genetically valuable pups.  The Lava pup was subsequently cross-fostered into the Dark Canyon pack den.

Leopold Pack (collared AM1293 and AF1346)

During May, the IFT documented the Leopold Pack within their territory in the northern portion of the Gila Wilderness.

Luna Pack (collared AM1158, AF1487, and fp1684)

During May, the Luna Pack remained in their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT maintained a food cache for the Luna Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict.

Mangas Pack (collared AM1296, AF1439, and f1664)

During May the Mangas Pack was located within their territory in the north-western portion of the GNF.  The Mangas Pack displayed behaviour consistent with denning within their traditional territory. The IFT maintained a diversionary food cache for the Mangas Pack to reduce potential for livestock conflict. The IFT captured, collared and released a previously uncollared juvenile female wolf (f1705).

Prieto Pack (collared AF1251, AM1398, F1565, m1669, and m1678)

During May, the Prieto Pack was located within their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT documented a minimum of 2 pups with the Prieto Pack.

San Mateo Pack (collared AF1399 and f1578)

During May, the San Mateo Pack continued to utilize their territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  The IFT documented behaviour consistent with denning for the San Mateo Pack in late April and documented a minimum of 6 pups in May.

Sheepherders Baseball Park (SBP) Pack (collared AM1284, AF1553, mp1667, and fp1682)

During May, the SBP Pack continued to use their traditional territory in the north central portion of the GNF.  AM1284, mp1667 and fp1682 were not located in May.

Single collared AM1155

During May, AM1155 of the old Morgart’s Pack was not located by the IFT.

Single collared M1486

During May, M1486 travelled throughout the northern and central portions of the CNF.

Single collared M1561

During May, M1561 was captured by the IFT north of I-40 in Arizona and translocated back into its natal pack territory in NM.  M1561 has remained in NM since the translocation.

Single collared M1673

During May, M1673 travelled throughout the southern portion of the GNF, largely within the Copper Creek Pack territory.


In May, AF1335 of the Bear Wallow Pack and AF1339 of the Panther Creek Pack were located dead in Arizona.  Both mortalities are under investigation.   From January 1, 2018 to May 31, 2018 there have been a total of 6 documented wolf mortalities.


During the month of May, there were 14 confirmed wolf depredation incidents on livestock. There were 5 nuisance incidents investigated in May.  From January 1 to May 31, 2018 there have been a total of 39 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in New Mexico and 17 confirmed wolf depredation incidents in Arizona.

On May 6 and 11, the IFT investigated reports of two elk killed by wolves in Alpine.  The IFT investigated and determined both elk were killed by wolves from the Prime Canyon Pack.  On May 12, an elk was killed in Nutrioso by wolves from the Elk Horn Pack.  There were no interactions between humans and wolves during any of these incidents.  All elk carcasses were removed from private lands.  Concentrations of elk feeding in pasture land in these communities have remained high during this spring due to the forage in the wet meadows as compared with dry conditions on the adjacent ASNF.  The IFT encourages all residents to report any wolf sightings in proximity to residences by calling the phone number listed above.  The IFT continued active hazing efforts of wolves in these areas and maintaining diversionary food caches to disrupt documented patterns of wolves regularly using areas inhabited by humans.  At the time this report was prepared, there have been no additional reports of elk killed by wolves in either of these communities.

On May 8, the IFT investigated a report of an interaction between a wolf and a dog at a residence in Alpine that reportedly had to be broken up by the owner of the dog.  The report was determined to be unfounded.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead bull in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the bull was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 13, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 15, Wildlife Services investigated an injured calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the injured calf was confirmed wolf.

On May 15, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 22, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 22, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 23, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 23, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 24, the IFT received a report from a turkey hunter who observed a collared wolf from his camp on national forest near Hannagan Meadow three times during a three hour period on May 21, 2018.  The hunter reported that in the early morning hours he first saw the wolf at a distance of approximately 150 yards away from the camp.  The wolf left, then returned 30 minutes later and was observed approximately 25 yards from the camp. The wolf left the area on its own, then returned a third time and was observed approximately 40 yards away around 9:00AM.  During this interaction the hunter never yelled or did anything to scare the wolf away.  The hunter was alone at the camp and there were no dogs present in camp.  The hunter indicated there was food present at the camp but he was not cooking at the time the wolf was observed.  The IFT confirmed this interaction involved a collared Mexican wolf from photographs taken during the incident.

On May 25, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was killed by a bear.

On May 26, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Apache County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf had been killed by coyotes.

On May 27, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 28, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 29, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 29, Wildlife Services investigated a dead calf in Greenlee County, AZ. The investigation determined the calf was a confirmed wolf kill.

On May 30, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation determined the cow was killed by a bear.

On May 30, Wildlife Services investigated a dead cow in Catron County, NM. The investigation concluded the cause of death was unknown.


On May 2, USFWS presented to various tribes at the New Mexico Tribal Fish, Wildlife, and ESA Conservation Meeting.

On May 8, WMAT presented to the Boys and Girls Club in Whiteriver, AZ

On May 8, WMAT presented to WMAT Forestry Department in Canyon Day, AZ.

On May 10, WMAT presented to the Boys and Girls Club in Whiteriver, AZ

On May 16, the IFT gave a presentation on Mexican wolf biology, management and reintroduction efforts to a group of 6th grade children from Winslow, AZ at their annual camping trip on the ASNF.

On May 17, the Mexican Wolf/Livestock Council met in Springerville, AZ.

On May 24, WMAT presented at Whiteriver Elementary in Whiteriver, AZ.


There are no project personnel updates for the month of May.


The USFWS is offering a reward of up to $10,000; the AGFD Operation Game Thief is offering a reward of up to $1,000; and the NMDGF is offering a reward of up to $1,000 for information leading to the conviction of the individual(s) responsible for the shooting deaths of Mexican wolves. A variety of non-governmental organizations and private individuals have pledged an additional $46,000 for a total reward amount of up to $58,000, depending on the information provided.

Individuals with information they believe may be helpful are urged to call one of the following agencies: USFWS special agents in Mesa, Arizona, at (480) 967-7900, in Alpine, Arizona, at (928) 339-4232, or in Albuquerque, New Mexico, at (505) 346-7828; the WMAT at (928) 338-1023 or (928) 338-4385; AGFD Operation Game Thief at (800) 352-0700; or NMDGF Operation Game Thief at (800) 432-4263. Killing a Mexican wolf is a violation of the Federal Endangered Species Act and can result in criminal penalties of up to $50,000, and/or not more than one year in jail, and/or a civil penalty of up to $25,000.

From Endangered Species Coalition (action@endangered.org)

USA: Trump Administration proposal to allow killing of endangered wolves

Red wolves are found only in America. They are one of the country’s most endangered species. There are as few as 30 of them left in the wild. The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS) should be redoubling its efforts to save them from extinction. Instead, they announced last week that the agency would if they wander out of the one wildlife refuge they’ve got.

Fight Ryan Zinke’s attack on critically-endangered red wolves with an emergency donation today here

The USFWS’ proposal would remove all but 10 to 15 wolves from the wild and limit their recovery area (the habitat they can safely traverse) by a staggering 90 percent. Wolves that cross these invisible boundaries could be killed without any consequences. The killers wouldn’t even have to pick up the phone to let USFWS know.

This is a betrayal of conservation and the Endangered Species Act. Help fight it with an emergency donation today here

The USFWS had multiple, scientifically sound options that biologists recommended. Instead of accepting these, Secretary Ryan Zinke and his political appointees chose to pursue the intentional extinction of red wolves. We won’t let him abandon these critically endangered wolves without a fight and neither should you. Please support our work to save the last of these critically-endangered wolves with a 100% tax deductible donation today here 

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

  1. USA: Send USFWS an email to help stop Zinke’s disastrous red wolf plan

Red wolves are under the greatest threat they have faced in decades and it is at the hands of the agency in charge of preventing their extinction.

Take action to stop this plan when you submit your comment today to protect endangered red wolves here educe the recovery area for critically endangered red wolves by 90 percent and remove nearly all of the remaining 30 red wolves from the wild.

On top of that, they will now allow poachers or anyone with a gun to kill these wolves if they cross an invisible line and wander outside of the recovery area. The USFWS does not even require that the poacher notify them. Their plan is a disaster and will almost certainly cause these wolves to become extinct in the wild.

The USFWS is accepting public comments on this revised plan through July 30th. Please submit your comment opposing this betrayal of endangered wolves and the Endangered Species Act today.

Scientists and wolf experts within the government presented the USFWS leadership with multiple scientifically-sound options to bring these wolves back. Instead of considering plans that would have increased the recovery zone or brought more captive-bred wolves into the wild where they can bolster those populations, Ryan Zinke and his political appointees raised the white flag of surrender and are walking away from their responsibilities under the Endangered Species Act.

You can help. Add your comment to the record opposing this outlandish plan to show Zinke that the public is not with him and that you see him here

The deadline to submit your public comment is July 30th. Our action page here USFWS’s system. Please submit your comment today here

Thank you for your commitment to wildlife and wild places.

Other News


From IOL News (https://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/limpopo/cops-launch-manhunt-after-gruesome-discovery-of-six-slain-lions-15777528)

  • Limpopo Province: Cops launch manhunt after gruesome discovery of six slain lions

On Sunday Limpopo police announced that the police in Rust De Winter in the Bela-Bela policing cluster have launched a manhunt for unknown suspects who killed six lions at a local game farm.

“It is alleged that an employee at the farm was on his way to work when he noticed bloodstains on the farm, followed by the gruesome discovery of four lions dead with their heads and paws chopped off. The other two lions were also dead but with no missing body parts,” Colonel Moatshe Ngoepe said.

Preliminary police investigations indicated that the lions might have been poisoned, and a pair of trousers with blood stains and takkies were also found at the scene. The suspects in this matter were unknown and no arrests had yet been made, Ngoepe said.

Anyone with information about the suspects involved should contact Colonel Alpheus Mokale at 082-565-6524, or the crime stop number 08600-10111 or the crime line sms 32211, or the nearest police station.

Next Door

From Johnny Rodrigues (newsletter@zimconservationtaskforce.com)

ZCTF Update – April 20th Newsletter

Zimbabwe lost approximately 750 elephants to cyanide poisoning along the SAVE River in the south eastern part of the country. Poisoning elephants results in a significant secondary loss of carnivores, vultures, and other species of birds and animals. The authorities have NOT managed to control or stop the use of poison, especially cyanide.  The poisoning of elephants occurred far too often for at least three to four years.  The damage being done to animals and their habitats will not be recoverable.

The Government Ministers, Military Officers, Prison Service Officers and other VIPs are lining their pockets with monies derived from poached ivory and game skins.  These individuals are thought to engage in these activities due to the possibility that

ZANU- PF might lose the elections in August. The Government does not appear to enforce the laws or the Wildlife Act as the practice of profiting from poached ivory and animals is so widespread.  It seems to be a “free for all.”

One solution would be for all Ministers and individuals in high positions to declare their assets and the manner in which they obtained their wealth.  For those who decline to declare their assets, an investigation into their financial dealings should commence. Corruption appears to run deep. Assets from individuals who cannot explain their fortunes should be frozen until an investigation is completed and they are cleared from wrongdoing.

The Ministers and/or their families who have camps near Safari areas or Wildlife Parks seem to be benefiting from the influx of trophy hunters from South Africa.  Monies gleaned from these hunters from hunting quotas and license permits seems questionable. This practice appears to be happening all over the country with no apparent controls in place.

Zimbabwe continues to export her treasured wildlife. They recently exported crocodiles, elephants and other wildlife to zoos in Dubai and China.

See our  new ZCTF Video –  Click Here To Watch


We are in urgent need of donations in order to continue our work. If you can and wish to make a donation – please respond to this email with the subject line “I WISH TO MAKE A HELP ZCTF” and we will send instructions. Thank you and God Bless.


Nothing to report.

Wolves and Wolfdogs

Wolves in CaliforniaBorn to be wild; gray wolf follows her father OR-7’s paw steps

A two-year-old gray wolf believed to be the offspring of the famed OR-7 was tracked on Friday to the Truckee area in Nevada County, not too far from Lake Tahoe, but it was only just a short visit.

California Department of Fish and Wildlife officials said the gray wolf, known as OR-54, has since returned to neighboring Sierra County. Still, her trip to Nevada County was the first known visit of a gray wolf to the region, the farthest south, since the early 1900s. And where she turns up next is anybody’s guess.

Although it’s not known what is motivating her journey, she could be in search for a mate or is being driven by the availability of food, or she was just born to be wild and has the itch to be out on her own and explore region’s unknown to her.

The female gray wolf, which was collared last fall, was located late last week about a mile and a half from Interstate 80 near Boreal Mountain, which means she travelled  at least 638 miles through five California counties.

It’s believed the gray wolf is one of OR-7’s daughters and has been generally covering a lot of the same territory her father did in 2011 through 2013.

OR-7, the first gray wolf in California since 1924, was first spotted in the North State in December 2011. He eventually settled back in southern Oregon, where he and a female gray wolf established what’s called the Rogue Pack and have raised litters every year since 2014. Since his travels, other wolves have since been found in California, some of which are from OR-7’s pack.

Another collared wolf from Oregon, known as  OR-44, has been found in eastern Siskiyou County, but he is not related to OR-7 or his offspring. And his movements have been difficult to track because his collar has battery problems.

News of OR-54’s travels throughout Northern California was met with delight by officials from the Tucson, Arizona-based and nonprofit Center for Biological Diversity.

“That’s tremendously exciting news for wolves in California,” Amaroq Weiss, its West Coast wolf advocate, said in a written statement. “This wolf who followed her famous father’s footsteps into California is now making history of her own, exploring beyond where he traveled into great wolf habitat in the Sierras.”

Original article by Jim Schultz here

Wolf Myths and Legends, Part 151

Awakening of the White Wolf

by Bryan Jones

He rises from his long slumber.

Much time has passed since he has walked in her light but a voice he remembers from a time ago is like a song to his ears and has awoken him from his deep sleep.

Although it has been many years he can still recall the short time they were together and it saddens his heart that he slept so long and almost forgot the spirit inside of him but he does not weep for he is also glad to be awake once more.

As he emerges from where he has slept and stretches his tired muscles his senses become sharper and he greets the coming evening with a renewed energy and sees again with his eyes the world before him.

He begins to move through the wild and a hunger starts in his belly for it has been a long time since he has enjoyed her company and knows only one way to satisfy his growing hunger.

Once more the hunter inside him arises.

As his journey begins he stops by a pool of water to quench his thirst.

While he is drinking he looks at his reflection and contemplates what he sees Although he is older his heart is still young and in his eyes you can still see the glint of the youth that wants to play and run through the country without a care in the world.

But you can also see the elder who has gained the wisdom that comes with age and is more careful as he travels in this life.

As he moves on his mind returns to his ever growing hunger and he must begin his hunt, He travels on and soon comes to the top of a tall mountain and he searches for a sign to show him the way but as he looks out over the land he sees nothing to help him in his quest.

Above him as the clouds move in the night sky he sees what he is searching for.

Although she is far away he has traveled far before and as the sky clears and the stars emerge she shines brightly like a beacon in the night and he walks in her light once more.

The light of the Bright Moon.

And the White Wolf howls.

The White Wolf howls but there is no moon.

No longer does he yearn for the sight of her brightness in the night sky for its hold on him is no longer as strong as it once was.

He has found a new reason to lift his voice to the night. His howls now echo with a new song in his heart.

In his voice a song of a new found friend now fill the woods.

Although he travels alone most times and draws strength from his independence the chance meeting of kindred spirit has elated his soul.

Seldom in his travels does he meet another who understands his ways and has traveled along the same roads in life that he has journeyed over.

The ways of the wolf are strange to most but inside of her he sees that she also shares some of the same spirit he has in her own ways and is attracted to her because of it.

As they get to know each other better he sees in her a jumble of mixed emotions and knows that her mind and soul are troubled and wants to help her sprit mend.

He listens as she tells him of the obstacles that block her happiness. He hears her spirit yearn for a simpler life.

A life without problems brought about by others who want to bring her down and it saddens his heart to feel all the sadness in her life that she does not deserve to have.

He also listens as she tells him of good things in her life and sees how her eyes light up when she speaks of her son.

He feels the emotions of a proud mother come out of her and knows that his young spirit gives her strength in times of need.

He can also see within her the beautiful spirit that is the true soul within her and knows she deserves so much more happiness in her life and wants to help her find it.

As he rests and thinks to himself how he can help mend her broken spirit and bring more light to her soul his senses remind him to be careful.

In the past his willingness to help others has hurt him and he has learned to stay cautious and guard his feelings well.

While he contemplates his new friend’s dilemma he also senses more from her soul and it confuses him.

But it also intrigues his senses for he knows the future with this new friend can be a new adventure and he decides that he will take on this task because if he can help to brighten her spirit it will also strengthen his own spirit and be good for them both and that makes him glad.

Once again, the White Wolf howls

Readers’ Contribution

A Wolfdog Diary

By Erin

Nothing to report this month

Will be continued…